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Encyclopedia > Cumberland Plateau

The Cumberland Plateau includes much of eastern Kentucky and western West Virginia in the United States. It also stretches in a band across Tennessee to include a small portion of northern Alabama. Official language(s) English Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 37th 104,749 km² 225 km 610 km 1. ... State nickname: Mountain State Official languages English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin (D) Senators Robert Byrd (D) Jay Rockefeller (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 41st 62,809 km² 0. ... State nickname: Volunteer State Official languages English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Governor Phil Bredesen (D) Senators Bill Frist (R) Lamar Alexander (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 36th 109,247 km² 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 30th 52,423 mi²/135,775 km² 190 mi/306 km 330 mi/531 km 3. ...


It is a deeply dissected plateau, with topographic relief commonly of about four hundred feet (120 meters), and frequent sandstone outcroppings and bluffs. Many coal seams are present in the area, and the Cumberland Plateau has for many years been heavily mined. At the Pottsville Escarpment, which is the transition from the Cumberland Plateau to the Bluegrass in the north and the Pennyrile in the south, there are many spectacular cliffs, gorges, rockhouses, natural bridges, and waterfalls. In Tennessee it borders the Highland Rim east of the Nashville Basin. Shaded relief map of Cumberland Plateau and Ridge and Valley Appalachians on the Virginia/West Virginia border A dissected plateau is an area that has been uplifted, then severely eroded so that the relief is sharp. ... Surface of the Earth Topography, a term in geography, has come to refer to the lay of the land, or the physiogeographic characteristics of land in terms of elevation, slope, and orientation. ... Sandstone near Stadtroda, Germany Sandstone is an sedimentary rock composed mainly of feldspar and quartz and varies in colour (in a similar way to sand), through grey, yellow, red, and white. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (strip mining). ... The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine This article is about mineral extraction. ... The Pottsville Escarpment is a resistant sandstone belt of cliffs and steep sided, narrow crested valleys in eastern Kentucky, USA. It features not only spectacular cliffs, but also rock shelters, waterfalls, and natural bridges. ... Bluegrass and stone wall of local limestone in central Kentucky. ... The Pennyroyal Plateau, or, as its more commonly called in Kentucky, the Pennyrile, is a large area of the state that features rolling hills, caves, and karst topography in general. ... Cliffs on the banks of the River Severn, near Bristol, England In geography, a cliff is a significant vertical, or near vertical, rock exposure. ... A gorge is a narrow passage between steep mountains or hills. ... A rock shelter is a shallow cave-like opening at the base of a bluff or cliff. ... Rainbow Bridge was formed by a meandering watercourse A natural arch or natural bridge is a formation (or landform) where a rock arch forms, with a natural passageway through underneath. ... Hopetoun Falls near Otway National Park, Victoria, Australia A waterfall is usually a geological formation resulting from water, often in the form of a stream flowing over an erosion-resistant rock formation that forms a sudden break in elevation. ... The Highland Rim is a geographic term for the area in Tennessee surrounding the Nashville Basin. ... The Nashville Basin is a geographic term used to describe the area surrounding Nashville, Tennessee. ...


It is contiguous with the Allegheny Plateau on the northern side, the only real difference being local naming. The sedimentary rocks that compose both plateaus are of Mississippian and Pennsylvanian geological age, composed of near shore sediments washed westward from the original Appalachian Mountains. Some rock layers were laid down in shallow coastal waters, some, including bituminous coal seams were laid onshore in swampy environments. These are interlaced with delta formations of cross-bedded sandstones and occasionally conglomerate. There are numerous discontinuities in the beds, where they were raised high enough to be eroded, then lowered to have more sediments added on top. The Allegheny Plateau is a large, dissected plateau area in southern New York, western Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and eastern Ohio. ... Two types of sedimentary rock: limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... This article is about the geologic period; for the North American culture, see Mississippian culture. ... The Pennsylvanian is a geologic (sub)period lasting from roughly 325 million years before the present (BP) to 286 million years BP. As with most other geologic periods, the rock beds that define the period are well identified, but the exact date of the start and end are uncertain by... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains are a vast system of North American mountains, partly in Canada, but mostly in the United States, extending as a zone, from 100 to 300 miles wide, running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, 1500 miles south... Sedimentary, volcanic, plutonic, metamorphic rock types of North America. ... Bituminous coal Bituminous coal is a soft coal containing a tar-like substance called bitumen. ... In mathematics, a continuous function is one in which arbitrarily small changes in the input produce arbitrarily small changes in the output. ...


Though the plateau is not composed of true mountains (although that is the local name for them), and nowhere is very high, it has some of the most rugged terrain in the eastern United States. Inhabitants of eastern Kentucky and western West Virginia mostly live in very narrow V-shaped valleys with little bottom land. Buildings and roads built along the bottom of the valley are susceptible to floods, while any structures on the steep slopes are subject to slumping. Roads are serious engineering challenges, and expensive to maintain. There are few locations available for agriculture; most people make their livelihoods from mining, timbering, or services. Mount McKinley in Alaska has one of the largest visible base-to-summit elevation differences anywhere For other uses of this term, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... Building is either the act of creating an object assembled from more than one element, or the object itself; see also construction. ... A typical rural county road in Indiana, USA, where traffic drives on the right. ... Look up Flood in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A flood (in Old English flod, a word common to Teutonic languages; compare German Flut, Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float) is an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land, a deluge. ... Engineering applies scientific and technical knowledge to solve human problems. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lumber. ...


The plateau contains some of the largest stretches of contiguous forest in the eastern United States; however, the rich, native deciduous forests are increasingly being converted to monoculture pine plantations.


See also: Geology of the Appalachians The geology of the Appalachians dates back to more than 480 million years ago. ...


External links

  • The Kentucky Highlands Project

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cumberland Plateau - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (402 words)
At the Pottsville Escarpment, which is the transition from the Cumberland Plateau to the Bluegrass in the north and the Pennyrile in the south, there are many spectacular cliffs, gorges, rockhouses, natural bridges, and waterfalls.
The sedimentary rocks that compose both plateaus are of Mississippian and Pennsylvanian geological age, composed of near shore sediments washed westward from the original Appalachian Mountains.
Though the plateau is not composed of true mountains (although that is the local name for them), and nowhere is very high, it has some of the most rugged terrain in the eastern United States.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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