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Encyclopedia > Culture of Ukraine
A performance of a traditional Ukrainian dance by Virsky dance ensemble
A performance of a traditional Ukrainian dance by Virsky dance ensemble
Part of a series of articles on
Ukrainians

Culture
Literature · Music · Art · Cinema
Cuisine · Dance · Sport Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 317 pixelsFull resolution (2286 × 907 pixel, file size: 237 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Національний заслужений академічний ансамбль танцю України ім. П.П.Вірського. Виступ у Донецьку. 30 квітня 2006 P. Virsky Ukrainian National Folk Dance Ensemble. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 317 pixelsFull resolution (2286 × 907 pixel, file size: 237 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Національний заслужений академічний ансамбль танцю України ім. П.П.Вірського. Виступ у Донецьку. 30 квітня 2006 P. Virsky Ukrainian National Folk Dance Ensemble. ... Virsky in performance P. Virsky Ukrainian National Folk Dance Ensemble (Ukrainian: Національний заслужений академічний ансамбль танцю України ім. П.П.Вірського; also referred to simply as Virsky) is a world-renowned Ukrainian dance company based out of Ukraine, well known for its innovative approach to the art form. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ukrainian literature is literature written in the Ukrainian language. ... Ukraine is an Eastern European country, formerly part of the Soviet Union. ... Ukrainian cuisine has a rich history and offers a wide variety of dishes, partly borrowed from other cuisines like German, Turkish and Polish. ... A Ukrainian dance troupe at the BC Ukrainian Cultural Festival Ukrainian Dance most often to refers to Ukrainian Folk-Stage Dance (as it is known by ethnographers and dance historians), a stylized form of a Folk Dance based in part on the movements contained in, and the actual traditional dances...

By region or country
Argentina · Australia ·Canada · Poland ·
Romania · Russia · United States The term Ukrainian diaspora refers to the global community of ethnic Ukrainians, usually more specifically those who maintain some kind of connection, even if ephemeral, to the land of their ancestors and maintain their feeling of Ukrainian national identity within local community. ...

Closely related peoples
Boykos · Hutsuls · Lemkos ·
Rusyns · East Slavs Boyko or Boiko is the name for a distinctive group of Ruthenians (Ukrainian) montagnards of the Carpathian highlands. ... Hutsuls (Ukrainian: Гуцули, singular Гуцул, Romanian: HuÅ£uli, singular HuÅ£ul, Hutsul dialect: Hutsule, singular Hutsul; alternatively spelled as Huculs, Huzuls, Hutzuls, Gutsuls, Guculs, Guzuls, or Gutzuls ) are highlanders who for centuries have inhabited the Carpathian mountains, mainly in Ukraine, but also in the northern extremity of Romania, as well as in... Lemkos (Ukrainian: ) are one of four major ethnic groups who inhabit the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, and who speak the Lemko dialect/language. ... Rusyns, also called Ruthenians, Ruthenes, Rusins, Carpatho-Rusins, and Russniaks, are a modern group of ethnic groups that speak the Rusyn language and are descended from the minority of Ruthenians who did not adopt a Ukrainian national identity and become Ukrainians in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. ... The East Slavs are a Slavic ethnic group, the speakers of East Slavic languages. ...

Religion
Eastern Orthodoxy (Ukrainian) ·
Roman Catholicism · Greek Catholicism ·
Lutheranism · Islam The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself as: the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus Christ and the Twelve Apostles, having maintained unbroken the link between its clergy and the Apostles by means of Apostolic Succession. ... The Roman Catholic Church in Ukraine is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. ... The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC), also known as the Ukrainian Catholic Church, is one of the successor Churches to the acceptance of Christianity by Grand Prince Vladimir the Great (Ukrainian Volodymyr) of Kiev (Kyiv), in 988. ... The Ukrainian Lutheran Church or ULC is a Christian denomination of the Lutheran tradition based in the eastern European country of Ukraine. ... Muslims in Ukraine make up about 4% of the total population. ...

Languages and dialects
Ukrainian · Russian · Polish ·
Canadian Ukrainian · Rusyn · Surzhyk Ukrainians (Ukrainian: Українці, Ukrayintsi) are an East Slavic ethnic group primarily living in Ukraine, or more broadly- citizens of Ukraine (who may or may not be ethnic Ukrainians). ... Canadian Ukrainian (Ukrainian: украї́нська мо́ва, ukrayinska mova, ) is a variation (considered also as a dialect by some linguists) of the Ukrainian language specific to the Ukrainian Canadian community descended from the first two waves of historical Ukrainian emigration to Western Canada. ... Rusyn, though by most outsiders considered one language and even having only one SIL code rue, is in fact the name of two independent languages spoken by Rusyns: Carpatho-Rusyn (also called Ruthenian) Pannonian-Rusyn (also called Rusnak) Carpatho-Rusyn (Ruthenian) The Rusyn language of the Carpathian Mountains is an... Surzhyk (Ukrainian: , originally meaning ‘flour or bread made from mixed grains’, e. ...

Topics
History · Ukrainian famine ·
Rulers · Ukrainians History of Ukraine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Child victim of the Holodomor The Ukrainian famine (1932-1933) or Holodomor was one of the largest national catastrophes of the Ukrainian nation in modern history with direct loss of human life in the range of millions (estimates vary). ...

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The Culture of Ukraine is a result of influence over millenia from the West and East, with an assortment of strong culturally-identified ethnic groups. Like most Western countries, Ukrainian customs are heavily influenced by Christianity. Russian and other Eastern European cultures also have had a more or less significant impact on the Ukrainian culture. An ethnic group is a group of people who identify with one another, or are so identified by others, on the basis of a boundary that distinguishes them from other groups. ... The term Western world or the West (also on rare occasions called the Occident) can have multiple meanings depending on its context (i. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ...

Contents

Religion

Religion is practiced throughout the country—Orthodox Christianity and Eastern Catholicism are the two most widely practiced religions; Protestantism and Judaism are also well represented. The Ukrainian Orthodox Church is the largest in the country. Faithful of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, the second largest, practice Byzantine rites but are united with the Roman Catholic Church. The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself as: the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus Christ and the Twelve Apostles, having maintained unbroken the link between its clergy and the Apostles by means of Apostolic Succession. ... The Eastern Catholic Churches are autonomous particular Churches in full communion with the Pope of Rome. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ukrainian Orthodox Church may refer to: Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchate Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA Autonomous Ukrainian Orthodox Church in America Orthodox Christianity History of Christianity in Ukraine History of Christianity in Lala Land... The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC), also known as the Ukrainian Catholic Church, is one of the successor Churches to the acceptance of Christianity by Grand Prince Vladimir the Great (Ukrainian Volodymyr) of Kiev (Kyiv), in 988. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church...


Social customs

Ukrainians generally carry themselves in a very polite, civilized manner. Men often hold the door open for a woman when she enters a building, stand up when a woman enters the room, and, if there is a shortage of seats, men will give up their seats to the women. In rural areas, men will sometimes kiss a woman's hand, but this is starting to go out of fashion.


According to convention, when standing at a threshold (doorsill), do not shake hands or offer anything to be taken by the person on the other side. A young unmarried man or woman should not be seated at a table's corner. Always buy an odd number of flowers as a gift, unless it is a funeral. In that case, it is appropriate to buy an even number. When passing through the aisles in a theater or elsewhere, it is polite to face the people sitting down. Do not hesitate to say: please (bud’ laska), thank you (dyakuyu), and you're welcome (proshu).


Cuisine

Food is an important part to the Ukrainian culture. Special foods are used at Easter as well as Christmas, that are not made at any other time of the year. At Christmas time, for example, kutia - a mixture of cooked buckwheat groats, poppy seeds, and honey, and special sweet breads - is prepared. Ukrainian cuisine has a rich history and offers a wide variety of dishes, partly borrowed from other cuisines like German, Turkish and Polish. ... Location of Ukraine The wine industry of Ukraine is well-established with long traditions. ... Easter, the Sunday of the Resurrection, Pascha, or Resurrection Day, is the most important religious feast of the Christian liturgical year, observed at some point between late March and late April each year (early April to early May in Eastern Christianity), following the cycle of the moon. ... Christmas is an annual holiday that marks the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. ... Kutia in a ceramic makitra, with a wooden makohon beside it (help· info) is a sweet grain pudding, traditionally served in Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian cultures. ...


Ukrainians like fish, cheeses and a variety of sausages. Typically bread is a core part of every meal, and must be included for the meal to be "complete." At Christmas time, for example, it is tradition to have a twelve-course meal. Included at Easter are the famous Pysanky (coloured and patterned eggs). Making these eggs is a long but fun process, and they are not actually eaten, but displayed in the centre of the table (usually around the bread). Cristmas Eve supper. ... Ukrainian pysanky Pysanka (plural: pysanky, pysankas) is a Ukrainian word for an egg decorated using a wax resist (batik) method. ...


Ukrainians always toast to good health, linger over their meal, and engage in lively conversation with family and friends. Often they will drink tea (chai), wine, or coffee afterwards with a simple dessert, such as a fruit pastry. For the Hebrew word and Jewish symbol, see Chai (Hebrew word) A cup of Chai. ...


Best-known foods

  • Salo_(food) (pork fat with garlic)
  • Borshch (a vegetable based soup, usually with beets and beef or pork meat)
  • Holobtsi (cabbage rolls stuffed with rice and meat usually)
  • Varenyky (stuffed dumplings, also known as perogies)
  • Pyrohy (a fried, dessert version of varenyky, filled with fruit instead of meat or cheese)

A slab of sÅ‚onina aged in paprika, popular in Central and East Europe Salo (Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Hungarian: Polish: , Bulgarian: , Romanian slănínă or slánă) is a traditional Central and Eastern European food: slabs of pork underskin fat, with or without skin. ... Borsch (Polish: barszcz, Russian and Ukrainian: борщ, also borshch, borscht) is a type of hearty Eastern and Central European vegetable soup, the beet roots being the defining ingredient. ... Cabbage Roll A cabbage roll is a savory food item made with a variety of fillings wrapped in cabbage. ... This article or section should be merged with Vareniki Varenyky is the Ukrainian word for Pierogi. ... Pierogi are a kind of food also known as perogi, perogy, piroghi, pirogi, piroshki, pirozhki, or pyrohy. ... Pierogi are a kind of food also known as perogi, perogy, piroghi, pirogi, piroshki, pirozhki, or pyrohy. ...

Dance

Main article: Ukrainian dance

A Ukrainian style of dancing is called Kalyna. Both men and women participate in this type of dancing. A Ukrainian dance troupe at the BC Ukrainian Cultural Festival Ukrainian Dance most often to refers to Ukrainian Folk-Stage Dance (as it is known by ethnographers and dance historians), a stylized form of a Folk Dance based in part on the movements contained in, and the actual traditional dances...

  • The women wear colourful costumes, sometimes featuring a solid-coloured (usually blue, green, red, or black) tunic and matching apron, and under that an open skirt, and below that a white skirt with an embroidered hem that should reach an inch or so below the knee. If they wear a tunic, then under that they wear a long-sleeved richly embroidered white shirt. Traditionally, women wear a type of red leather boots to dance in. They also wear a beautiful flower head piece, that is a headband covered with flowers and has long flowing ribbons down the back that flow when they dance, and plain red coral necklaces.
  • The men wear baggy pants (usually blue, white, black or red) and a shirt (usually white, but sometimes black) embroidered at the neck and down the stomach. Over the shirt they sometimes will wear a richly embroidered vest. Around their waist they wear a thick sash with fringed ends. Like the women, they wear boots, but these can be black or white in addition to red.
  • Kalyna dancing involves partner dancing. One dance, called the previtanya, is a greeting dance. It is slow and respectful, the women bow to the audience and present bread with salt on a cloth and flowers. Another, called the hopak is much more lively, and involves many fast-paced movements. Hence hopak as a dance is derived from hopak martial art of Cossacks.

Hopak is a Ukrainian folk dance and the corresponding musical style. ... This article needs cleanup. ...

Weddings

Weddings traditionally take place in churches, the bride in white and the groom in black. Wedding celebrations are known to continue for days, even a week. They are accompanied by lively music and dancing, drinking and eating, and fellowship. Some particular wedding customs include:

  • Before the wedding, the groom goes with his friends to the bride's house and bargains with "money' to get a bride from her family.
  • When leaving the church, the bride carries a basket of candies or sweets to throw to children and the crowd
  • The groom carries her down any stairs
  • At the reception, the bride dances with each of the unmarried women present, and places a special veil on each of them. This veil symbolises that they are still pure, but that the bride hopes they will get married soon. She also throws a bunch of flowers and the girl who catches it first will likely be the next to marry.

See also

Subcategories There is one subcategory in this category, which is shown below. ...

External Link


  Results from FactBites:
 
About Ukraine (982 words)
Ukraine, with a territory of 603.7 thousand sq kilometres and a population of 48.4 million people, is one of the biggest countries of Europe.
Ukraine is bordered by Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova on the west and south-west, and by Belarus and Russia on the north and north-east; on the south, Ukraine is bordered by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.
Ukraine climate is temperate continental, and subtropical at the southern coast of the Crimea.
Ukraine - MSN Encarta (776 words)
Ukraine is bordered on the west by Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary; on the southwest by Romania and Moldova; on the south by the Black Sea and Sea of Azov; on the east and northeast by Russia; and on the north by Belarus.
Other major rivers are the Dniester (known as the Dnister in Ukraine), the Bug (Buh), and the Southern Bug (Pivdennyy Buh) in the west, and the Donets in the east.
In the forest zone, beech trees are widespread in the west; linden, oak, and pine are found in the swamps and meadows in the north and northwest; and spruce is prevalent in the northeast.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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