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Encyclopedia > Culture of South Africa
South Africa

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There is no single Culture of South Africa. As South Africa is so ethnically diverse, it is not surprising that there are vast cultural differences as well. art forms of southern africa, is beautifully painted vases and wood made into animals Categories: Africa-related stubs ... Cookery practised by indigenous people of South Africa such as the Khoisan and Xhosa- and Sotho-speaking people Settler cookery introduced during the colonial period by people of Afrikaner and British descent and their slaves and servants - this includes the cuisine of the Cape Malay people, which has many characteristics... South Africa has a diverse literary history. ... This is a list of writers from South Africa. ... // Lionel Abrahams Tatamkulu Afrika Ingrid Andersen Kojo Baffoe Shabbir Banoobhai Sinclair Beiles Robert Berold Vonani Bila Roy Blumenthal Joy Boyce Breyten Breytenbach Dennis Brutus Frederick Guy Butler Roy Campbell Jack Cope Jeremy Cronin Patrick Cullinan Gary Cummiskey Sheila Cussons Achmat Dangor Ingrid de Kok Susann Deysel Sandile Dikeni Modikwe Dikobe... The South African music scene includes both popular (jive) and folk forms. ... Holidays in South Africa: The Public Holidays Act (Act No 36 of 1994) determines that whenever any public holiday falls on a Sunday, the Monday following it will be a public holiday. ... The following is a partial list of South African television series. ...

Contents

Main Cultural differences

Life in South Africa

Censorship
Culture
Demographics
Politics
Education
Economy
Arts and entertainment
Public Holidays
Languages
Human rights
Poverty
Social issues
Religion
Sports
Social structure
Standard of living
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Because of the legacy of Apartheid segregation, many cultural differences correspond closely to the racial groups defined by Apartheid (Blacks, Whites, Coloureds, Asians). This may change as assimilation progresses, although currently (2004) many cultural differences between Apartheid-defined racial groups persist. Until 1991, South African law divided the population into four major racial categories: blacks, whites, coloureds, and Asians. ... // Constitution Following the 1994 elections, South Africa was governed under an interim constitution. ... art forms of southern africa, is beautifully painted vases and wood made into animals Categories: Africa-related stubs ... Holidays in South Africa: The Public Holidays Act (Act No 36 of 1994) determines that whenever any public holiday falls on a Sunday, the Monday following it will be a public holiday. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... In the social sciences, assimilation is the process of integration whereby immigrants, or other minority groups, are absorbed into a generally larger community. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Black people

The country's black majority still has a substantial number of rural inhabitants who lead largely impoverished and necessarily simple lives. However, blacks are increasingly urbanised and westernised, and usually speak English or Afrikaans in addition to their native tongue, which may be one of nine Bantu languages with official status since 1994. These include the Nguni languages, Zulu, Xhosa, Ndebele, Swazi, and Tsonga, and the Sotho languages, which include Tswana, Sotho, Northern Sotho and Venda. Cultural differences between speakers from the two language groups are comparable to those between speakers of German and Italian. Many urban blacks speak several indigenous languages, with Zulu being a lingua franca in the Johannesburg area. The city of Los Angeles is an example of urbanisation Urbanization or Urbanisation (see difference in spelling) means the removal of the rural characteristics of a town or area, a process associated with the development of civilisation. ... Occident redirects here. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Look up Wiktionary:Swadesh lists for Afrikaans and Dutch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bantu is a language family that belongs to the Niger-Congo group. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... For the cattle breed see Nguni cattle. ... Zulu (called isiZulu in Zulu), is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. ... For the Xhosa people, see Xhosa. ... The Southern Ndebele language (isiNdebele or Nrebele in Southern Ndebele) is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, and spoken by the amaNdebele (the Ndebele people of South Africa). ... The Tsonga or Xitsonga language is spoken in southern Africa by the Tsonga people, also known as the Shangaan. ... The Sotho language group is a group of three closely related languages spoken in Southern Africa including Setswana, Sesotho, and Sesotho sa Leboa. ... Tswana (Setswana), is a Bantu language. ... Sesotho (Sotho, Southern Sotho or Southern Sesotho[1]) is a Bantu language spoken primarily in South Africa, where it is one of the 11 official languages, and in Lesotho, where it is the national language. ... Northern Sotho, Sepedi, or Sesotho sa Leboa, is one of the official languages of South Africa, and is spoken by 4,208,980 people (2001 Census Data), mostly in the provinces of Gauteng, Limpopo Province and Mpumalanga. ... Venda, also known as Tshivenda, or Luvenda, is a Bantu language. ... Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ...


Most are Christian, with membership of the Anglican and Roman Catholic churches being strong as is membership of the predominantly black Zion Christian Church, although many still follow traditional beliefs, many often consulting a sangoma. There is a vibrant indigenous culture, with local popular music forms, such as kwaito, locally mixed house while black South African musicians such as Ladysmith Black Mambazo, Mahotella Queens, Miriam Makeba, and Hugh Masekela are well known internationally. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Star of David, symbol of the Zion Christian Church. ... A sangoma is a practitioner of herbal medicine, divination and counselling in traditional Nguni (Zulu, Xhosa, Ndebele and Swazi) societies of Southern Africa (effectively an African shaman). ... Kwaito is a music genre that emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa in the early 1990s. ... Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a Grammy Award-winning male group from South Africa that sings in the vocal style of isicathamiya and mbube. ... The very first line-up of the Mahotella Queens began recording for Gallo Africa in 1964 with their long-standing musical partner, Simon ‘Mahlathini’ Nkabinde, the ‘lion of Soweto’. The Queens members were studio singers before 1963, with many (including resident lead singer Hilda Tloubatla) having recorded backing tracks for... Miriam Makeba performing at the Cape Town Jazz Festival in 2006. ... Hugh Masekela (born Johannesburg, April 4, 1939) is a South African flugelhorn and cornet player. ...


White people

The white minority lead lifestyles similar in many respects to whites found in Europe, North America and Australasia, with sport being immensely popular. The braai (short for braaivleis or barbecue) is another national pastime, epitomised by an old advertising slogan for Chevrolet cars in the 1960s: Braaivleis, rugby, sunny skies and Chevrolet. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Chevrolet (IPA: - French origin) (colloquially Chevy) is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ...


Religious beliefs are also strong, with most Afrikaners adhering to the Dutch Reformed Church. Most English-speaking whites are either Anglican or Roman Catholic. Perhaps 90,000 whites are Jewish, with a similar number being of Portuguese origin. There are some Greeks and Christian Lebanese. This article is about the Southern African ethnic group. ... The Dutch Reformed village church of St. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ...


Apartheid was abandoned as a policy by the government when 68% of voters supported change in a whites only referendum.


According to research by FutureFact on the evolving South African consumer, Afrikaans speakers have shown the most radical change in political outlook of all groups in South Africa since 1994. Afrikaans speakers are 300% more accepting of affirmative action in 2004 than they were in 2000. This contrasts with the total population which has not shown radically increased support for the concept.


Coloured (Mixed-Race) people

The mixed-race Coloureds are, culturally speaking, much closer to whites, especially Afrikaans speakers, whose language and religious beliefs they share, than they are to black South Africans, despite suffering considerable discrimination under apartheid. A small minority of Coloureds, known as Cape Malays are Muslim. Well known members of the community include Springboks rugby players Chester Williams and Breyton Paulse and jazz musicians Jonathan Butler and Abdullah Ibrahim (also known as Dollar Brand). In the South African, Namibian, Zambian and Zimbabwean context, the term Coloured (also known as Bruinmense, Kleurlinge or Bruin Afrikaners in Afrikaans) refers to a heterogeneous group of people who posess some degree of sub-Saharan ancestry, but not enough to be considered Black under South African law. ... Look up Wiktionary:Swadesh lists for Afrikaans and Dutch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Cape Malays are an ethnic group who can claim descent from slaves brought to South Africa from Indonesia starting from 1667. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... First international South Africa 4 - 0 British Isles (30 July 1891) Largest win South Africa  134 - 3  Uruguay (11 June 2005) Worst defeat  England 53 - 3 South Africa  (23rd November, 2002) World Cup Appearances 4 (First in 1995) Best result Champions, 1995 and 2007 Springboks redirects here. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Chester Williams (born 8 August 1970 in Paarl, Western Province, South Africa) played winger for the South African national rugby union team the Springboks from 1993 to 2000. ... Breyton Paulse (born 25 April 1976 in Koue Bokkeveld) is a South African rugby player who has played at wing for the national team, the Springboks, since 1999. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Jonathan Butler (born October 1961 in Cape Town, South Africa) is a singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... Abdullah Ibrahim, born Adolph Johannes Brand, formally known as Dollar Brand (from a popular brand of matches), is a South African pianist and composer who was born in Cape Town in 1934. ...


Asian people

Asians, (predominantly Indian origin) preserve their own cultural heritage, languages and religious beliefs, being either Hindu or Muslim, and speaking English, with Indian languages like Tamil, Hindi, Telugu or Gujarati being spoken less frequently. This does not cite its references or sources. ... Bhavna says there are 300 million gods in Hinduism. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... The article describes the languages spoken in the Republic of India. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... “Telugu” redirects here. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી Gujǎrātī; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ...


Although Indian languages are seldom spoken or understood, English-subtitled Bollywood films and television programmes are popular among South African Indians. For other uses, see Subtitle. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ...


There is a much smaller Chinese community in South Africa, although its numbers have been increased by immigration from Taiwan (although the Taiwanese were classified as "White", rather than Asian by the Apartheid regime.)


Protection of Cultural Rights

The rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities are protected in the constitution by the Commission for the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities. This is a Chapter 9 Institution which was created by the constitution.


Sex and gender

Gender issues

South Africa demonstrates significant differences between the experiences of men and women. Cultural attitudes towards women tend to demonstrate inequality. The poorest and most disadvantaged people in South Africa remain black women, and women are disadvantaged in terms of their earning power, their access to education and their employment status. In addition, South African women face cultural chauvinism in other areas: for example, in some traditional southern African cultures, a woman cannot own property.


Sexual orientation

South Africa offers all its citizens, including gay men and lesbians, equality under the 1996 constitution. In July 2002, the High Court of South Africa in Bloemfontein ruled that to deny same-sex couples the right to marry equally is discriminatory and thus unconstitutional. While many conservative white South African people remain opposed to homosexuality [1], in some southern African cultures sex between adolescent males is normal and unremarkable (e.g. the Swazi practice of amantanyula [2]). Homosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love, or sexual desire exclusively for another of the same sex. ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The High Court of South Africa is a court of law in South Africa. ... Bloemfontein at night Bloemfontein (IPA: , Afrikaans and Dutch for spring of Bloem (bloom), flower spring or fountain of flowers is the capital city of the Free State Province of South Africa. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into constitutionality. ...


International cultural boycott

Many countries imposed cultural boycotts on the apartheid regime, meaning that South Africa was banned from the Olympic Games until 1992, as well as rugby and cricket. The 1971 Springbok rugby tour to Australia sparked mass protest and a state of emergency was even declared in Queensland. When the all-white national rugby team, the Springboks, toured New Zealand in 1981, it provoked public outrage, as did the decision of the British rock group Queen to perform in the Sun City resort in the bantustan of Bophuthatswana. Paul Simon caused controversy when he recorded his Graceland album with the South African group Ladysmith Black Mambazo, even though all its members were black. The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... This article is about the sport. ... The 1971 Springbok tour was a controversial six-week rugby union tour by the South African national team to Australia. ... For other uses, see State of emergency (disambiguation). ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... The Springboks or Bokke are the South African national rugby team. ... The 1981 Springbok Tour (still known by many in New Zealand as The Tour) was a controversial tour of New Zealand by the South African Springbok rugby team. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, singer Freddie Mercury and drummer Roger Taylor, with bassist John Deacon joining the following year. ... The Bridge of Time facing the Entertainment Centre Sun City is a luxury South African casino resort, situated in the North West Province. ... Map of the black homelands in South Africa as of 1986 Map of the black homelands in Namibia as of 1978 Bantustan is a territory designated as a tribal homeland for black South Africans and Namibians during the apartheid era. ... Bophuthatswana as of 1977 Flag of Bophuthatswana bantustan Bophuthatswana was a former Bantustan (homeland) in the north of South Africa. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Graceland is an album released in 1986 by Paul Simon. ... Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a Grammy Award-winning male group from South Africa that sings in the vocal style of isicathamiya and mbube. ...


Until the 1990s, the British actors' union, Equity, imposed a boycott on the sale of TV programmes to South Africa, although the state-controlled South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) happily bought U.S. programmes instead. The British Actors Equity Association (now called Equity) is the British actors trade union. ... The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) is the state-owned broadcaster in South Africa and provides 18 radio stations (AM/FM) as well as 4 television broadcasts to the general public. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from...


Famous South Africans

Nelson Mandela is perhaps the most famous South African. Other famous politicians include F. W. de Klerk and Steve Biko. From the early 20th century there is also Jan Smuts (who was perhaps South Africa's only international statesman until Mandela). D. F. Malan, Hendrik Verwoerd and J G Strijdom were architects of Apartheid. Perhaps the world's most famous Anglican churchman is Desmond Tutu. Winnie Mandela is loved by some and despised by others, but known by all. Helen Suzman was for years the only "one person, one vote" democrat in parliament. For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... President F.W. de Klerk Frederik Willem de Klerk (born March 18, 1936) is a former President of South Africa, serving from September 1989 to May 1994. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts, OM, CH, PC, ED, KC, FRS (May 24, 1870 – September 11, 1950) was a prominent South African and British Commonwealth statesman, military leader, and philosopher. ... Daniel François Malan (May 22, 1874 - February 7, 1959) is seen as the champion of South African nationalism. ... Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd (8 September 1901 - 6 September 1966) was Prime Minister of South Africa from 1958 to 1966, when he was assassinated. ... Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom was Prime Minister of South Africa from 30 November 1954 to 24 August 1958. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African cleric and activist who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent of apartheid. ... Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (born September 26, 1934 or 1936), born Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe Madikizela, is the ex-wife of former South African president (May 1994-June 1999) and African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela. ... Helen Suzman was born Helen Gavronsky on 7th November 1917 in Germiston, South Africa as the daughter of Lithuanian-Jewish immigrants. ...


J. R. R. Tolkien, author of The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa in 1892. Tolkien redirects here. ... This article is about the book. ... This article is about the novel. ... The Silmarillion is a collection of J. R. R. Tolkiens mythopoeic works, edited and published posthumously by his son Christopher Tolkien in 1977, with assistance from Guy Gavriel Kay, who would later become a noted fantasy fiction writer. ... Bloemfontein at night Bloemfontein (IPA: , Afrikaans and Dutch for spring of Bloem (bloom), flower spring or fountain of flowers is the capital city of the Free State Province of South Africa. ...


Well known South African sports stars include Gary Player, Ernie Els and Retief Goosen; Jody Scheckter; Kevin Curren; Zola Budd; Jonty Rhodes. Gary Player (born November 1, 1935) is a South African professional golfer generally regarded as one of the greatest players in the games history. ... Theodore Ernest Ernie Els (born October 17, 1969) is a South African golfer who has been one of the top professional players in the world since the mid-1990s. ... Personal Information Birth February 3, 1969 ) Pietersburg, South Africa Height 5 ft 11 in (1. ... Jody David Scheckter (born January 29, 1950) is a former auto racing driver, the 1979 Formula One World Drivers Champion. ... Kevin Melvyn Curren (born March 2, 1958 in Durban, South Africa) is a former professional tennis player. ... Zola Budd running a cross-country race barefoot Zola Pieterse, still better known by her maiden name of Zola Budd (born May 26, 1966 in Bloemfontein, Orange Free State in South Africa), is a former Olympic track and field competitor who, within a period of less than three years, twice... Jonathan Neil Jonty Rhodes (born 27 July 1969) is a former South African Test and One-day International cricketer who played for the South African cricket team between 1992 and 2003. ...


While South Africa was isolated by the cultural boycott in the 1980s, there are now many well-known South African performing artists and writers. They include playwrights such as Athol Fugard, and satirist Pieter Dirk Uys, actors like Anthony Sher, Hollywood stars like Oscar-winner Charlize Theron, and The Mummy Returns co-star Arnold Vosloo. Harold Athol Lannigan Fugard (b. ... Pieter-Dirk Uys is a South African satirist, particularly well known for his character Evita Bezuidenhout, a white Afrikaner socialite and self-proclaimed political activist, inspired by Australian comedian Barry Humphries character Dame Edna Everage. ... Sir Anthony Sher (born June 14, 1949) is an actor, and novelist. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Charlize Theron (born August 7, 1975) is a South African-American actress and former fashion model. ... The Mummy Returns is a 2001 American movie starring Brendan Fraser, Rachel Weisz, and Arnold Vosloo, and is directed by Stephen Sommers. ... Arnold Vosloo (born 16 June 1962) is a South African/American actor, known for playing the title role in the 1999 film The Mummy and its sequel, The Mummy Returns. ...


In music, the groups African Jazz Pioneers and Ladysmith Black Mambazo have found popularity worldwide. Ladysmith Black Mambazo's collaboration with Paul Simon in 1986 (which resulted in their extreme fame across the world) paved the way for many other South African musicians to gain popularity amongst international audiences, such as Mahlathini and the Mahotella Queens, who popularized mbaqanga music across the world. Two white rock artists of South African origin are Dave Matthews, lead singer of the Dave Matthews Band, and Manfred Mann. Miriam Makeba, a singer who first found fame in the anti-apartheid movie Come Back, Africa, Dudu Pukwana, a gifted jazz musician, and Abdullah Ibrahim (Dollar Brand), being on the wrong side of the colour bar, had to leave South Africa to fully exploit their talents — their music was not played on South African radio. Johnny Clegg and Sipho Mchunu formed the massively successful band Juluka, which went onto gain worldwide fame (as did Clegg's later band, Savuka). The alt-metal group Seether also features two prominent members of South African origin, guitarist and vocalist Shaun Morgan and bassist Dale Stewart and have received considerable play on mainstream radio and music television in the U.S. James Phillips was a prominent liberal rock musician of the 1980s. Ladysmith Black Mambazo is a Grammy Award-winning male group from South Africa that sings in the vocal style of isicathamiya and mbube. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... -1... Mbaqanga is a style of South African music that is usually sung by people from rural areas. ... David John Matthews (born January 9, 1967) is a South African, now naturalized American, Grammy-winning lead vocalist and guitarist for the Dave Matthews Band. ... Dave Matthews Band (also known by the acronym DMB) is a United States-based band, originally formed in Charlottesville, Virginia, in 1991 by singer, songwriter, and guitarist Dave Matthews. ... Manfred Mann (real name Manfred Sepse Lubowitz[1]) was born on 21 October 1940 in Johannesburg, South Africa and is a professional keyboard player, best known as the founder member of Manfred Mann and Manfred Manns Earth Band. ... Miriam Makeba performing at the Cape Town Jazz Festival in 2006. ... Come Back, Africa is a 1959 film created by Lionel Rogosin working with the staff of the legendary Drum magazine in South Africa in the 1950s. ... Mtutuzel Dudu Pukwana (18 July 1938 – 30 June 1990) was a South African saxophone player, pianist and composer, though he is not known for his piano playing at all. ... Abdullah Ibrahim, born Adolph Johannes Brand, formally known as Dollar Brand (from a popular brand of matches), is a South African pianist and composer who was born in Cape Town in 1934. ... Johnny Clegg can refer to two different people: Johnny Clegg the actor Johnny Clegg the musician from South Africa This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Sipho Mchunu is a Zulu musician best known for his partnership with white Zulu Johnny Clegg in the band Juluka from the 1970s to the 1990s. ... Juluka was a South African music band formed in 1979 by English-born anthropologist Johnny Clegg and Zulu street musician Sipho Mchunu. ... Savuka was a band formed by English-born South African Johnny Clegg after the disbanding of his first band: Juluka. ... For other uses, see Seether (disambiguation). ... Shaun Morgan Welgemoed (Born December 21, 1978) is a South African musician , best known as the lead singer of the Post-Grunge band Seether, formerly known as Saron Gas. ... Seether is a four piece Hard Rock band from South Africa. ... James Madhlope Phillips (December 11, 1919- October 22, 1987) was a South African artist. ...


Writers like Nadine Gordimer and J. M. Coetzee have also found international acclaim, both being winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature. Also, the creator of the popular children's show Thomas The Tank Engine And Friends, Britt Allcroft was born in Johannesberg. Nadine Gordimer (born 20 November 1923) is a South African novelist and writer, winner of the 1991 Nobel Prize in literature and 1974 Booker Prize. ... John Maxwell Coetzee John Maxwell Coetzee (pronounced kut-SAY-uh) (born 9 February 1940) is a South African/Australian author, having emigrated from South Africa in 2002, and having been granted Australian citizenship on 6 March 2006. ... The Nobel Prize in literature is awarded annually to an author from any country who has produced the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency. The work in this case generally refers to an authors work as a whole, not to any individual work, though individual works are sometimes... Britt Allcroft and Alec Baldwin on the set of Thomas and the Magic Railroad Britt Allcroft is the founder of The Britt Allcroft Company (aka, Gullane Entertainment) which was acquired by Hit Entertainment in 2002. ...


The infamous apartheid-era, Afrikaner bank robber and ex-Johannesburg police chief Andre Stander retained folklore status in South Africa since his death and has been the subject of several biographies and a 2004 feature film in the U.S. called Stander with American actor Thomas Jane portraying him. His last remaining accomplice Allan Heyl is almost as notorious and was released from prison in 2005. Director Bronwen Hughes interviewed him at length for research regarding the film. A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... This article is about the Southern African ethnic group. ... // This article is about the city in South Africa. ... André Stander was a police Captain in the robbery and homicide division of the police in Johannesburg, South Africa who began robbing banks in the 1970s. ... Stander is a 2003 biographical film about Captain André Stander, a South African police officer who turned into a bank robber, starring Tom Jane. ... For the 15th century English Bishop of Norwich, see Thomas Jane (Bishop of Norwich). ... Allan Heyl was a member of the (in)famous Stander Gang in the late 1970s in South Africa. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bronwen Hughes is a Canadian film director. ...


Lead singer of power metal band, DragonForce, ZP Theart hails from Clanwilliam, South Africa. Power metal is a style of heavy metal music typically with the aim of evoking an epic feel, combining characteristics of traditional metal with thrash metal or speed metal, often within symphonic context. ... This article is about the band. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Sport

Major sports

See also Sport in South Africa

Many Sports have a passionate following, although it remains largely divided on ethnic lines and is still largely seen (in the words of a former member of Women and Sport South Africa) as "the domain of men". In 1997, one writer described "massive gender inequalities in the sporting structures of the country, and a strong association between sport and masculinity". The most popular sport among black South African men is soccer, with the national team being nicknamed Bafana Bafana (meaning 'The Boys'). Soccer in the past has tended to be less segregated than white-dominated sports, like rugby union or cricket, though this is no longer the case. Many sports have a passionate following in South Africa, although they remains largely divided on ethnic lines and are still largely seen (in the words of a former member of Women and Sport South Africa) as the domain of men. In 1997, one writer described massive gender inequalities in the... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... First international Netherlands 2 - 1 South Africa (Amsterdam, Netherlands; 2 November 1924) Biggest win Australia 0 - 8 South Africa (Adelaide, Australia; 17 September 1955) Biggest defeat Australia 5 - 1 South Africa (Newcastle, Australia; 7 June 1947) Mexico 4 - 0 South Africa (Los Angeles, USA; 6 October 1993) USA 4 - 0...


Rugby union is one of the most popular sports in South Africa, which is especially popular among Afrikaners, the Springboks. The Springboks famously hosted and won the 1995 Rugby World Cup, it was their first appearance at the World Cup. The defeat of the All Blacks in the final is remembered as one of the most famous South African sporting moments. The domestic league - the Currie Cup is also played annually, as well as the international Super 14. For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Southern African ethnic group. ... First international South Africa 4 - 0 British Isles (30 July 1891) Largest win South Africa  134 - 3  Uruguay (11 June 2005) Worst defeat  England 53 - 3 South Africa  (23rd November, 2002) World Cup Appearances 4 (First in 1995) Best result Champions, 1995 and 2007 Springboks redirects here. ... The 1995 Rugby World Cup was the third Rugby World Cup. ... First international  Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand  (15 August 1903) Largest win  New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan  (4 June 1995) Worst defeat  Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand  (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 The All Blacks are New Zealands national rugby... For the cricket competition originally known as the Currie Cup, see SuperSport Series. ... The Super 14 is the largest rugby union football club championship in the southern hemisphere, consisting of provincial teams from Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. ...


Cricket is traditionally popular among English-speaking whites. This article is about the sport. ...


After being tainted by associations with apartheid, the Springboks (or 'Boks') have sought to become part of the 'New South Africa', with President Nelson Mandela wearing the Springbok jersey, once only worn by whites, at the final of the 1995 Rugby World Cup. For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... The 1995 Rugby World Cup was the third Rugby World Cup. ...


The country has a number of disabled athletes, most notably the double amputee world record holder at 100 m, 200 m and 400 m - Oscar Pistorius. Generally, disabled sports are sports played by individuals with physical or mental disabilities; the term often refers to sports which have been devised or modified specifically for this purpose. ... Oscar Pistorius (born November 22, 1986) is a South African Paralympic runner. ...


South Africa will be hosting the 2010 World Cup Tournament, the first soccer World Cup to be held in Africa. The 2010 Football World Cup will take place in South Africa. ...


==Food== Kuyyyy

See also Cuisine of South Africa

The braai or barbecue is widely popular, especially with whites, and includes meat, especially boerewors or spicy sausages, and mielies (maize) or Mielie-meal, often as a porridge, or pearl millet, a staple food of black South Africans. Pastries such like koeksusters and desserts like melktert (milk tart) are also universally popular. Vegetarianism is becoming widely accepted. Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... Cookery practised by indigenous people of South Africa such as the Khoisan and Xhosa- and Sotho-speaking people Settler cookery introduced during the colonial period by people of Afrikaner and British descent and their slaves and servants - this includes the cuisine of the Cape Malay people, which has many characteristics... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Boerewors is a type of sausage popular in South Africa. ... This article is about the maize plant. ... In South Africa and other parts of Africa, a staple diet made from either stamped or ground maize, corn (mielie or mealie), coarse cassava powder, millet or sorghum flour. ... Binomial name (L.) R. Br. ... Koeksisters on a plate A koeksuster or koeksister comes from the Dutch word koekje, the diminutive of koek meaning cake. It is a South African syrup-coated doughnut in a twisted or braided shape (like a plait). ... Literally in Afrikaans Milk Tart, Melktert is a quintessentially South African dessert or pudding. ... A variety of vegetarian food ingredients Vegetarianism is the practice of a diet that excludes all animal flesh, including poultry, game, fish, shellfish or crustacea, and slaughter by-products. ...


Another favourite among most South Africans is biltong, a form of dried meat usually made from beef or game, and often consumed whilst watching sporting events. Biltong is extremely popular and is widely loved by people of all cultures. This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Indian food like curry is also popular, especially in Durban with its large Indian population. Another local Indian Durban speciality is the 'bunny' or bunny chow, which consists of a hollowed-out loaf of white bread filled with curry. Cape Malay dishes have their origins in Southeast Asia. Bobotie is a popular dish (originating in Europe) which was adapted to suit the Cape Malay palate. It is made from curried lamb, fruit and bread, served with rice, and sosatie, a type of barbecued meat. More recently, Pakistani and Indian restaurants have been opened in major cities by recent immigrants, and provide a more "authentic" South Asian dining experience. This article is about the dish. ... Map of South Africa showing Durbans location. ... Bunny chow is the name of a South African fast food consisting of a loaf of bread, with the inside scooped out, and filled with curry. ... The Cape Malays are an ethnic group who can claim descent from slaves brought to South Africa from Indonesia starting from 1667. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Bobotie is a South African dish consisting of spiced, minced meat baked with a custard topping. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Portuguese community has also made its mark, with spicy peri-peri chicken being a favourite. The South African Portuguese-themed restaurant chain Nando's now has restaurants in the UK, Canada, Australia, Malaysia and Kenya. Peri peri or peri-Peri is a Portuguese sauce which combines chili peppers with lemon juice and spices to create a taste that has both flavour and heat. ... The Nandos logo. ...


TV and films

Television, which for political reasons was not introduced in South Africa until 1976, is also popular. Traditionally, U.S. programmes have dominated TV schedules. Programmes like The Bold and the Beautiful have been popular with South Africans of all races, but locally produced soap operas or 'soapies' now draw a large audience and are exported all over Africa. The SABC drama series Shaka Zulu, based on the true story of the Zulu warrior King Shaka, was shown around the world in the 1980s, but had to be marketed by a US distributor. Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The Bold and the Beautiful (often called B&B or less commonly, Bold) is an American television soap opera, created by Lee Phillip Bell and William J. Bell. ... The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) is the state-owned broadcaster in South Africa and provides 18 radio stations (AM/FM) as well as 4 television broadcasts to the general public. ... For other uses, see Shaka (disambiguation). ...


While many foreign films have been produced about South Africa (usually involving race relations), few local productions are known outside South Africa itself. One exception was the film The Gods Must Be Crazy in 1980, set in the Kalahari. This is about how life in a traditional community of Bushmen is changed when a Coke bottle, thrown out of an aeroplane, suddenly lands from the sky. The late Jamie Uys, who wrote and directed The Gods Must Be Crazy, also had success overseas in the 1970s with his films Funny People and Funny People II, similar to the TV series Candid Camera in the US. Leon Schuster's You Must Be Joking! films are in the same genre, and hugely popular among South Africans. The Gods Must Be Crazy is a film released in 1980, written and directed by Jamie Uys. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... The Kalahari Desert is a large, arid to semi-arid sandy area in southern Africa that covers about 500,000 km². It covers 70% of Botswana, and parts of Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa. ... The Bushmen, San, Basarwa, !Kung or Khwe are indigenous people of the Kalahari Desert, which spans areas of South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Angola. ... The wave shape (known as the dynamic ribbon device) present on all Coca-Cola cans throughout the world derives from the contour of the original Coca-Cola bottles. ... Jacobus Johannes Uys (30 May 1921 – 29 January 1996), better known as Jamie Uys, was a South African film director. ... Candid Camera is a long-running television series, created and produced by Allen Funt, which initially began on radio as Candid Microphone June 28, 1947. ... Leon Schuster, a filmmaker, comedian and actor, is South Africas candid camera king. ...


Other notable exceptions are the film Tsotsi, which won the Academy Award for Foreign Language Film at the 78th Academy Awards in 2006 as well as U-Carmen e-Khayelitsha, which won the Golden Bear at the 2005 Berlin International Film Festival. This article is about the film Tsotsi. ... // As a Special Award 1947 Shoeshine (Sciuscià) (Italy) - Societa Co-operativa Alfa Cinematografica - Paolo William Tamburella producer - Vittorio De Sica director 1948 Monsieur Vincent (France) - E. D. I. C., Union Général Cinématographique - George de la Grandiere producer - Maurice Cloche director 1949 The Bicycle Thief (Ladri di biciclette... The 78th Academy Awards, honoring the best in film for 2005, were held on March 5, 2006 at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, California. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... U-Carmen e-Khayelitsha is a 2005 film directed by Mark Dornford-May. ... Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 The Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) is a species of bear that can reach weights of 130-700 kg (300 to 1500 pounds). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... One of the A festivals in Europe. ...


In 2004, the New South African TV channel (NSAT) began broadcasting on Sky Digital in the UK, thereby reaching the large (predominantly white) expatriate community, showing a mix of South African entertainment, films, sport and news coverage. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ...


See also

Rugby union is a popular sport in South Africa. ...

References

  • Race, Gender and Sport in Post-Apartheid South Africa, Robert Chappell, 2005.
  • South African government report on gender equality, Statistics SA 2002
  • Gender Inequality and the Economy: Empowering Women in the New South Africa, by Zarina Maharaj

External links

  • SA Rugby, the national governing body of Rugby Union.
  • SA Football Association

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