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Encyclopedia > Culture of California

The culture of California is a Western culture and most clearly has its roots in the culture of the United States. As a border and coastal state, however, Californian culture has been greatly influenced by several large immigrant populations, especially those from Latin America and East Asia. California is much an international crossroads as it's a major hub to the character of the US. This article is becoming very long. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...


In terms of socio-cultural mores and national politics, Californians are perceived as more liberal than their US East Coast counterparts except for the similarly progressive New York and Boston areas. But also in the late 20th century, the current conservative political movement owes its' origins to several Californians like Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan, both served in the state government and were elected as US presidents by many Californian voters. American liberalism—that is, liberalism in the United States of America—is a broad political and philosophical mindset, favoring individual liberty, and opposing restrictions on liberty, whether they come from established religion, from government regulation, from the existing class structure, or from multi-national corporations. ... American conservatism is a constellation of political ideologies within the United States under the blanket heading of conservative. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ...

Contents

Language

English is the primary language of California's inhabitants. In Southern California, Spanish is a prevalent second language, as is Chinese in the Bay Area and areas around Los Angeles. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Downtown Los Angeles Skyline Southern California, also colloquially referred to as SoCal, is an informal name for the megalopolis and nearby desert that occupies the southern-most quarter of the U.S. state of California. ... Bay Area is a common term to refer to a metropolitan area situated around a bay. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


California English is a dialect of the English language spoken within California. California is home to a highly diverse populace, which is reflected in the historical and continuing development of California English. As is the case of English spoken in any particular state, not all features are used by all speakers in the state, and not all features are restricted in use only to the state. However, there are some linguistic features which can be identified as either originally or predominantly Californian, or both. California English is a dialect of the English language spoken in the U.S. state of California. ...


Arts

California Arts Council

See main article, the California Arts Council California Arts Council Logo The California Arts Council, in the U.S. state of California, was established in 1976. ...


The California Arts Council is a state agency led by an 11-member council appointed by the Governor and Legislative which works to advance the state’s Art and creativity. It emphasizes on children and undeserved and communities. Council members have expertise in creative industries, art education, state and local government, community development, and non-profit and profit sectors. [1] Look up Agency in Wiktionary, the free dictionary In philosophy, law, and other fields, agency is the status of an agent. ...


Film

California is home to Hollywood, the center of the American film industry. ...


Music

The guitar was the instrument that the Mexican state of Alta California chose and two composers for the instrument are represented in the collection.[2] Manuel Y. Ferrer’s were collected in a book of 144 pages, called Compositions and Arrangements for the Guitar published in San Francisco in 1882, then reprinted in Boston by Oliver Ditson in 1915. Many of his pieces appear in the sheet music collection. [2] An additional Californian artist, of the name of Luis T. Romero is represented his 1889 arrangement for guitar of La Paloma by Yradier. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Parts of the guitar. ... Manuel Y. Ferrer was regarded during his lifetime as one of America’s finest virtuoso guitarists. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... Romero was born in San Luis Obispo, California in 1854 and died in Boston, November 19, 1893. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... La Paloma (S.Iradier) La Paloma is one of the most popular songs ever written, having been produced and reinterpreted in diverse cultures, settings, arrangements, and recordings over the last 140 years. ...


Upon the 60th anniversary of Mexican Independence, a "Himno a Mexico", was printed by Domenico Speranza and was sung by Senora Speranza and the Istituto Italiana of which Speranza was the director.[2] The cover of the sheet music has a portrait of President Don Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada.


A writer named Eugenio Uzeta, wrote “Sanchez Ochoa Schottische” in dedication to General Gaspar Sanchez Ochoa. The only copy of this piece is located at the Washington University Library. [2]


In 1898, a collection called “Characteristic Songs of the Spanish Californians” was published as Canciones del Pais de California” in Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara is a city within California with a longstanding Spanish language press. [2] The following ten songs are listed on the cover decorated with vignettes of Alta California life before statehood. Santa Barbara is a city in California, United States. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ...

  • El Trobador (The Troubadour)
  • Te adoro yo (Thee I adore)
  • La Indita (The Indian Maiden)
  • La Culpa (The Fault)
  • El Tormento (The Torment)
  • Angel divino (Angel divine)
  • Crepusculo de amor (Dawn of love)
  • Tus ojos (Thine eyes)
  • Me mue! (I die!)
  • Mitad de mi vida (Half of my life)
  • Note: Many songs in the Spanish language prints as sheet music. [2]
  • Las golondrinas (The swallows)
  • El jaleo de Jerez (The pearl of Xeres)
  • Juanita
  • La mariposa
  • Los lindos ojos. By Manuel Y. Ferrer.
  • Novia de mis suenos
  • Sobre las olas

Instrumental music with Spanish titles includes:

  • Alexandrina mazurka de salon. By Manuel y Ferrer.
  • Anita Schottische. By Manuel Y. Ferrer.
  • Arroyo de oro (Gold Gulch)
  • Adios mi querida. Spanish mazurka.
  • El eco del Pacifico. Waltzes.
  • La graciosa. Polka brillante.
  • El libertador. March.
  • Mariposas waltz La mas bonita.
  • Spanish waltz. Mis ensuenos (My daydreams)
  • La querida. Schottische

Songs in English on “Spanish subjects” consist of My Mandolinata, Spanish serenade," with mandolin obligato and castanet solo, and "The Spanish Cavalier."[2]


Literature

The California State Library is a research institution in California with a five- criteria mission. To list below:[3] The California State Library, under the direction of the California State Librarian, an appointee of the Governor, collects, preserves, generates and disseminates a wide array of information. ... Research is often described as an active, diligent, and systematic process of inquiry aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising facts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


To collect, preserve, generate and disseminate a wide array of information, To serve as the central reference and research library for state government and the Legislature; To advise, consult with, and provide technical assistance to and outreach programs for California's public libraries, To direct state and federal funds to support local public libraries and statewide library programs; and To develop automation systems to improve resource sharing and get to information.


California’s state research library helps diverse people, their governments, and libraries access necessary knowledge. [3]


The California Digital Library encourages the assembly and creative use of the world’s scholarship and education of the University of California libraries and the communities its serve. [4] Additionally, the CDL provides the tools for online information research, teaching, learning, with services that allow the UC Libraries to efficiently access digital content.[4] San Franciscan H.J. Clayton in his 1883 book, started the now-common practice of naming the farm where the produce he cooked with derived


Los Angeles notability

The Landmarks Club Cookbook was published in 1903 when it was a fundraiser to restore Spanish missions in California. The authors of Los Angeles would hail the city the culinary diverse city around. [5] Charles Lummis, a Los Angeles preservationist, who had found Landmarks club, went on to explain denizens of the desert Southwest should observe ancient culinary traditions and eat more Chile peppers[5] . 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Charles Fletcher Lummis (b. ... A compass rose with Southwest highlighted. ...


Abundance in Fruits inspired by early chefs

Sixty years ago, when avocados were unfamiliar to most Americans, the growers of subtropical fruit tried to persuade consumers with a recipe for ice cream. Before tomatoes took over catsup niche, everything from plums to mushrooms were raw material for the popular condiment.[5] Two peach recipes from California's top two cities at the last turn of the century. Five orange recipes in a 1928book celebrating the San Bernardino, California, festival is held in honor of the fruit. Binomial name Persea americana Mill. ... Plum is also a nickname for British humorist P. G. Wodehouse. ... Basidiocarps (mushrooms) of the fungus Leucocoprinus sp. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ...


Earthquake influences

California’s earthquakes and people’s attitudes toward them can define California.[6] These attitudes can be seen depending how close the individual lives to the epicenter of the earthquake. [6] Earthquakes, while occasionally massive in destruction, are often unnoticed. In Southern California, for instance, there were 21 earthquakes.[6] The most famous and major Fault in California is the San Andreas.[6] According to myths, this fault is supposed to dump part of California into the ocean. [6]However, in the state there are many faults such as West Napa fault, the Ventura fault, the Panamint Valley fault zone, and the Palos Verdes fault zone. The San Andreas fault was not the cause of the 1994 Northridge earthquake, which was 6.8 magnitude quake, caused fifty-seven deaths and $44 billion in damage.[6] The Northridge Earthquake is the first quake that occurred in a highly populated since the 1933 Long Beach earthquake.[6] The Long Beach Quake related to the Newport-Inglewood fault, had a magnitude 6.25 and caused 120 deaths. This resulted in a positive and negative effect.[6] The positive outcome of this was the building improvements and associated legislation which helped to limit deaths in Northridge as compared to Long Beach, even though the Northridge earthquake was of a magnitude. Conversely, the last chief earthquake in the northern section of the San Andreas fault was the infamous San Francisco earthquake of 1906.[6] The last earthquake to have occurred in the southern sector was in 1857. Since large earthquakes among the San Andreas fault tend to occur every 150 years, another one could be expected soon.[6] Overall, though, Californians have an optimistic view of the effects of earthquakes. Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998. ... The epicenter is directly above the earthquakes focus. ... San Andreas may refer to: San Andreas Fault, a geologic fault that runs through California, USA San Andreas, California, USA Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, a video game by Rockstar Games for PlayStation 2, Xbox, and PC See also: St Andrews (disambiguation) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... The 1994 Northridge earthquake occurred on January 17, 1994 at 4:30:55 am Pacific Standard Time in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... The 1994 Northridge earthquake occurred on January 17, 1994 at 4:30:55 AM Pacific Standard Time in the city of Los Angeles, California, falling on Martin Luther King Day in 1994. ... The Long Beach earthquake of 1933 took place March 10, 1933 at 5:55 pm Pacific Time, registering 6. ... Northridge is the name of some places in the United States of America: the Northridge community of Los Angeles, California in the San Fernando Valley Northridge, Ohio This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


Gangs

Legischool’s dialogue has enabled high school students, teachers, community leaders, and others throughout California to examine and interpret many of the critical issues with gangs in California.[7] The level of feelings can be seen as how close the individual lives to the epicenter on the earthquake. [7] Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The epicenter is directly above the earthquakes focus. ...


Gangs are not just portrayed as a subject matter, and real people (youths) take gang membership as a way of life and others are directly affected by gangs’ activities.[7]


In some measures, gang activity has decreased in recent years (US Department of Justice, 2002 National Youth Gang Survey Fact Sheet, April 2004), with some communities reporting increased gang violence.[7] And evidence has shown that gang violence has become more dangerous.[7] The California Department of Justice puts the number of gang members in California at an estimated 300,000 The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) is a Cabinet department in the United States government designed to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law and to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans. ...


Gang members are formed from all races , and ethnic groups, meaning that communities that once felt immune to gang activity are now addressing the dilemma.[7] Schools have increasingly felt the need to reduce and prevent gang activity.


A dialogue has discussed some of the crucial issues dealing with gangs in California and the steps being taken by schools, community groups, law enforcement and policy makers to curb gang activity.[7]


The dialogue has scoped on three areas, which guided the conversations:

  • Schools and gangs
  • Law enforcement and the juvenile justice system
  • Community reaction to gangs [7]

State & National Parks

On May 15, 1915, an explosive eruption at Lassen Peak, the southernmost active volcano in the Cascade Range destroyed nearby areas and rained volcanic ash about as far as 200 miles east.[8] In a 1914-17 series of eruptions, this explosion was the most explosively powerful that were the most recent to occur in the Cascades previous to the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens. [8] Lassen Peak is the largest of a group of over 30 volcanoes erupted over the past 300,000 years in Lassen Volcanic National Park. [8] May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Mount Adams in Washington The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanoes called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ... Mount St. ... This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Map of Lassen area showing hydrothermal features (red dots) and volcanic feature or remnant (yellow cones). ...


Hydrothermal features at Lassin Volcanic are typical features of the site. As well as boiling mud pots, steaming ground, roaring fumaroles, and sulfurous gases are linked to active volcanism and are all reminders of the continuing potential for eruptions in Lassen area.[8]


Winter is an effective part in the park. Winter particularly shapes the landscape. Snow usually accumulates each year in October; it lasts to July, and can remain isolated in the area year round. The summer is predictably dry days, blue skies, and cool nights. Animation of snowcover changing with the seasons Snow covering a leaf. ...


Red Rock Canyon State Park features scenic desert cliffs, buttes and spectacular rock formations. [9] The park is located where the southernmost tip of the Sierra Nevada converge with the El Paso Range. Each tributary canyon is unique, with dramatic shapes and vivid colors. [9]


Historically, the area was once home to the Kawaiisu Indians, who left petroglyphs in the El Paso mountains and other evidence of their inhabitation.[9] The spectacular gash situated at the western edge of the El Paso mountain range was on the Native American trade route for thousands of years. [9]During the early 1870s, the colorful rock formations in the park served as landmarks for 20-mule team freight wagons that stopped for water.[9] About 1850, it was used by the footsore survivors of the famous Death Valley trek including members of the Arcane and Bennett families along with some of the Illinois Jayhawkers. The park now protects significant paleontology sites and the remains of 1890s-era mining operations, and has been the site for a number of movies.[9]


After wet winters, the park's floral displays are stunning.[9] Wildlife you may encounter includes roadrunners, hawks, lizards, mice and squirrels.[9]


Red Rock Canyon State Park features picturesque desert cliffs, buttes and rock formations.[9] It is located in the southernmost tip of the Sierra Nevada uniting with the El Paso Range.


In the past, the area formerly home to the Kawaiisu Indians, who would leave petroglyphs in the El Paso mountains; other evidence of their inhabitation. During the early 1870s, the rich rock formations in the park served as landmarks for 20-mule team freight wagons that stopped for water. [9]About 1850, it is used by the footsore survivors in the famous Death Valley hike with members of the Arcane and Bennett families along with some of the Illinois Jayhawkers.[9] The park protects noteworthy paleontology sites and the remains of 1890s-era mining operations, and serves as the site for a number of movies.[9] Death Valley and Panamint Range The salt lake at Badwater, Death Valley is the lowest point in western hemisphere. ... Esotericism refers to knowledge suitable only for the advanced, privileged, or initiated, as opposed to exoteric knowledge, which is public. ... Bennett is a surname and may refer to: Alan Bennett, English author and actor Alfred Rosling Bennett (1850-1928) British electrical engineer and author of the book The Chronicles of Boultons Siding, published in 1927 Arnold Bennett, British novelist Anthony Bennett (disambiguation) (also Tony Bennett) Bobby Bennett Charles Bennett... Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (see spelling differences) is the study of the history and development of life on Earth, including that of ancient plants and animals, based on the fossil record (evidence of their prehistoric existence as typically preserved in sedimentary rocks). ...


Education

California offers a unique three-tier system of public postsecondary education:

The preeminent research university system in the state is the University of California (UC), which employs more Nobel Prize laureates than any other institution in the world, and is considered one of the world's finest public university systems. There are nine general UC campuses, and a number of specialized campuses in the UC system.
The California State University (CSU) system has over 400,000 students, making it the largest university system in the United States. It is intended to accept the top one-third (1/3) of high school students. The CSU schools are primarily intended for undergraduate education.
The California Community Colleges system provides lower division courses. It is composed of 109 colleges, serving a student population of over 2.9 million.

California is also home to such notable private universities as Stanford University, the University of Southern California (USC), and the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). California has hundreds of other private colleges and universities, including many religious and special-purpose institutions. The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... Nobel Prize medal. ... The California State University (CSU) is one of three public higher education systems in the state of California, the other two being the University of California system and the California Community College System. ... Administered by The Chancellor’s Office located in Sacramento, the California Community Colleges system consists of 109 community colleges and 72 community college districts in California. ... The Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University (or simply Stanford), is a private university located approximately 37 miles (60 kilometers) southeast of San Francisco and approximately 20 miles northwest of San José in an unincorporated area of Santa Clara County. ... The University of Southern California (commonly referred to as USC, SC, Southern California, and incorrectly as Southern Cal[1]), located in the University Park neighborhood in Los Angeles, California, USA, was founded in 1880, making it Californias oldest private research university. ... The California Institute of Technology (commonly referred to as Caltech)[1] is a private, coeducational university located in Pasadena, California, in the United States. ...


Public secondary education consists of high schools that teach elective courses in trades, languages, and liberal arts with tracks for gifted, college-bound and industrial arts students. California's public educational system is supported by a unique constitutional amendment that requires 40% of state revenues to be spent on education. California Proposition 98 requires a minimum percentage of the state budget to be spent on K-14 education (K-12 schools and community colleges) in California. ...


Trivia

  • The San Francisco Asian American Film Festival, held each March, is the largest festival dedicated to Asian American and Asian cinema of North America.[10]
  • Pasadena's Norton Simon Museum is home to perchance the most important Southeast Asian art collection in the U.S.[11]
  • On Labor Day Weekend in Old Sacramento, the Gold Rush Days Celebration features a special Ethnic Village, with exhibits representing the early contributions of many ethnic pioneer groups, including Asian and Pacific Islanders. [11]
  • The Philippine-American Society and Cultural Arts Troupe (PASACAT) preserves Asian Pacific culture through Dance performances throughout the year.[12]
  • Tom Bradley was elected mayor of Los Angeles, the first African-American mayor of a major U.S. city. Bradley went on to serve five terms. [13]
  • Wiley W. Manuel is the first African American to be appointed to the California Supreme Court. He served until 1981.[13]
  • Barbara Christian became the first African-American woman to win tenure at the University of California, Berkeley in 1978. [13]
  • The city of Compton elected California's first African American mayor, Douglas Dollarhide in 1969.[13]
  • Los Angeles attorney Yvonne Brathwhaite Burke is the first African American woman to hold office in the California Legislature and in 1972 became the first African American woman elected to the U.S. Congress from California.[13]
  • In 1781, 26 of the first 46 settlers of Los Angeles were black or mulatto.[13]
  • The population of Baja California included 844 Spanish-speaking persons of whom 183 were mulattos.[13]
  • In 1913, the first California branch of NAACP was established in Los Angeles[13]
  • In 1962, after serving a term (28 years) in the California State Assembly, Democrat Augustus Hawkins became the first African American Congressman from California when he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. [13]

References and Bibliography

  1. ^ What is the California Arts Council?. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Spanish Music. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.
  3. ^ a b Meet the criterion, meet the library. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.
  4. ^ a b California Digital Librry. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.
  5. ^ a b c
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Why Earthquakes are apart of everyday California. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h http://www.webdialogues.net/cs/legischool-gangs/view/di/74?x-t=home.view. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.
  8. ^ a b c d Legacy of Lassen. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Red Mornings and Blue Skys at this park. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

Print sources

  • 1. "California culture: From Gold Rush to Pure Golden State". Universal World Reference Encyclopedia 13, book 1: 231-233. (1964). V.S. Thatcher. 64-12955. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.

1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

See also

A field of California golden poppies circa 1910. ... The Cuisine of California is a cuisine marked by an interest in fusion— integrating disparate cooking styles and ingredients— and which, influenced by the states health-conscious tradition, tends to be freshly prepared. ... In Yolo County: The Mondavi Center in Davis. ... In the United States, California is commonly associated with the film, music, and arts industries; there are numerous world-famous Californian musicians. ...

External links

History and People

Cuisine

State Symbols

Cultural law

Literature

Music

Places to visit

  • List of Beaches
  • Museums

Sports/Recreation

  • Hiking
  • Rafting + Snowboarding
  • Bicycling

Timeline

Further Reading

Articles about

  • California: the Dream and the Challenge in the Twenty-first Century by Kevin Starr
  • Portrait of California: History & Culture ?A State is Born
  • 50 resons to Love California
  • California Here we Come
  • The Californian
  • Los Angeles Times
  • Hollywood Reporter
State of California
Sacramento (capital)
Topics

Climate | Districts | Economy | Elections | Geography | Government | History | Politics | Californians Image File history File links Flag_of_California. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Nickname: City of Trees Location of Sacramento in California County Sacramento  - Mayor Heather Fargo Area    - City  - Land  - Water Population (2006)[1] [2]  - City 457,514 (city proper)  - Density  - Metro 2,042,283 Time zone PST (UTC-8)  - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7) trees[3] Website: http://www. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Greetings from California, vintage large-letter postcard. ... There are several different types of districts in California. ... The number of elections in California varies by year. ... A field of California golden poppies circa 1910. ... The recent and current politics of the U.S. state of California are complex and involve a number of entrenched interests. ... This is a partial list of well-known people from California. ...

Regions

Antelope Valley | Big Sur | Central Coast | Central Valley | Channel Islands | Coachella Valley | Conejo Valley | Cucamonga Valley | Death Valley | East Bay (SF) | Eastern California | Emerald Triangle | Gold Country | Greater Los Angeles | Inland Empire | Los Angeles Basin | Mojave | North Bay (SF) | North Coast | Northern California | Owens Valley | The Peninsula | Pomona Valley | Redwood Empire | Russian River | Sacramento Valley | San Francisco Bay Area | San Joaquin Valley | SanSan | Santa Clarita Valley | Shasta Cascade | Sierra Nevada | Silicon Valley | Southern California | Tech Coast | Tri‑Valley | Wine Country | Yosemite This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... A truck passes eastbound along the busy Highway 58 through the Antelope Valley. ... Big Sur is a thinly-settled region of the central California coast where the Santa Lucia Mountains rise abruptly from the Pacific Ocean. ... The Central Coast is an area of California, United States, extending from Santa Cruz in the north to Santa Barbara in the south, but centering primarily on Monterey and San Luis Obispo counties. ... The California Central Valley Part of the Valley as seen from overhead A typical Central Valley scene at ground level The California Central Valley is a large, flat valley that dominates the central portion of the U.S. state of California. ... The Channel Islands of California, also called the Santa Barbara Islands, are a chain of eight islands located in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Southern California along the Santa Barbara Channel in the United States of America. ... Coachella Valley The Coachella Valley is an irrigated agricultural and recreational desert valley in southern California east of Los Angeles. ... The Conejo Valley is a region spanning both Southeastern Ventura County and Northwestern Los Angeles County in Southern California. ... The Cucamonga Valley is a region between the Los Angeles and San Bernardino areas, in San Bernardino County and Riverside County, of California, USA. It is located east of the Pomona Valley and it is a major site of wine production. ... Death Valley and Panamint Range The salt lake at Badwater, Death Valley is the lowest point in western hemisphere. ... A part of the East Bay showing Concord, Walnut Creek, Martinez, Pleasant Hill and Clayton The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States. ... Eastern California is not a well-defined term. ... The Emerald Triangle is a collection of three counties in Northern California, consisting of Mendocino, Humboldt, and Trinity. ... Gold Country (also Mother Lode Country) is a region of northeastern California famed for the mines and mineral deposits which so famously brought the 49ers west for the California Gold Rush. ... The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the city of Los Angeles, California. ... The Inland Empire and its regions within The Inland Empire refers to the region in Southern California located in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties. ... The Los Angeles Basin is the coastal sediment-filled plain located between the peninsular and transverse ranges in southern California in the United States containing the central part of the city of Los Angeles. ... Looking across from Emigrant Pass towards the Kingston Range in the eastern Mojave. ... The North Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, in California, United States. ... The Redwood Empire (also Redwood Coast or North Coast) is a region of California that stretches from San Francisco and the Golden Gate Bridge to the Oregon coast. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Owens Valley is the arid ranching valley of the Owens River in southeastern California in the United States. ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... The Pomona Valley, a part of the Inland Empire (the Pomona Valley is its own georgraphical area, and should not be bundled in with the Inland Empire. ... The Redwood Empire (also Redwood Coast or North Coast) is a region of California that stretches from San Francisco and the Golden Gate Bridge to the Oregon coast. ... The Russian River downstream of Duncans Mills The Russian River rises in the coastal mountain ranges of Mendocino County, north of Ukiah in Northern California. ... The Sacramento Valley is the portion of the California Central Valley that lies to the north of the San Joaquin-Sacramento Delta. ... USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... California Population Density Map Population-density map of SanSan The SanSan megalopolis is a name for a chain of metropolitan areas in western California along the coast extending from San Francisco to San Diego. ... The Santa Clarita Valley is the valley of the Santa Clara River in Southern California. ... The Shasta Cascade region of California is located in the northeastern and north-central sections of the state bordering Oregon and Nevada, north of the Central Valley and the Sierra Nevada mountain range. ... The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range that is almost entirely in the eastern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... A view of downtown San Jose, the self-proclaimed Capital of Silicon Valley. ... Downtown Los Angeles Skyline Southern California, also colloquially referred to as SoCal, is an informal name for the megalopolis and nearby desert that occupies the southern-most quarter of the U.S. state of California. ... Tech Coast is the nickname given to the Southern California region extending from Santa Barbara in the north to San Diego in the south. ... The Tri-Valley region of California is based around the San Francisco Bay Area cities of Pleasanton, Livermore, Dublin and San Ramon in the three valleys from which it takes its name: Amador Valley, Livermore Valley and San Ramon Valley. ... Wine Country is a region of Northern California in the United States, known as a wine-growing region since 1838. ... Yosemite National Park (pronounced Yo-SEM-it-ee, IPA ) is a national park largely in Mariposa County, and Tuolumne County, California, United States. ...

Metros

Bakersfield | Chico | Fresno | Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale | Modesto | Napa | Oakland-Fremont-Hayward | Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura | Redding | Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario | Sacramento-Roseville | Salinas | San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos | San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City | San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara | Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine | Santa Barbara-Santa Maria | Santa Cruz-Watsonville | Santa Rosa-Petaluma | Stockton | Vallejo-Fairfield | Visalia-Porterville | Yuba City In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... City nickname:Californias Country Music Capital County Kern County, California Area  - Total  - Water 296. ... Nickname: City of Roses, City of Trees Location of Chico in California Coordinates: Country State County United States California Butte Settled 1843 Founded 1860 Incorporated January 8, 1872  - Mayor Andrew Holcombe  - City Council Scott Gruendl Steve Bertagna Larry Wahl Ann Schwab Mary Flynn Tom Nickell  - City Manager Greg Jones Area... Nickname: Fresno, the All American City & Raisin Capital of the World Location in the state of California County Fresno  - Mayor Alan Autry Area    - City 271. ... Nickname: City of Angels Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County Incorporated April 4, 1850  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa Area    - City  498. ... Nickname: The International City (on flag), Friendly City (in Latin on citys seal), or the LBC Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: Country United States State California County Los Angeles County Mayor Bob Foster Area    - City 170. ... Nickname: The Jewel City Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... Modesto is the county seat of Stanislaus County in the U.S. state of California. ... Napa is the county seat of Napa County, California. ... Oakland, founded in 1852, is the eighth-largest city in California[1] and the county seat of Alameda County. ... Fremont (IPA: ) is a city in California that was incorporated on January 23, 1956, from the merger of five smaller communities: Centerville, Irvington, Mission San Jose, Niles, and Warm Springs. ... Hayward is a city located in the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area in Alameda County. ... Nickname: The City that Cares Location of Oxnard, California Coordinates: Country United States State California County Ventura County  - Mayor Dr. Thomas E. Holden Area    - City  36. ... Thousand Oaks is a city in Ventura County, California, in the United States. ... Coordinates: Country United States State California County Ventura Mayor Carl Morehouse Area    - City 84. ... Redding from space, April 1994 Redding is the county seat of Shasta County, California, USA, located on the Sacramento River and on Interstate 5 south of Shasta Lake. ... Nickname: The City of Trees Location in the state of California Coordinates: Country United States State California County Riverside  - Mayor Ron Loveridge Area    - City  78. ... San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. ... Ontario is a city located in San Bernardino County, California. ... Nickname: City of Trees Location of Sacramento in California County Sacramento  - Mayor Heather Fargo Area    - City  - Land  - Water Population (2006)[1] [2]  - City 457,514 (city proper)  - Density  - Metro 2,042,283 Time zone PST (UTC-8)  - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7) trees[3] Website: http://www. ... Roseville is a city in Placer County, California, located in the metropolitan area of Sacramento. ... Nickname: Americas Salad Bowl Location of Salinas, California Country United States State California County Monterey Mayor Dennis Donohue Area    - City 49. ... Nickname: Americas Finest City Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Diego Founded July 16, 1769 Incorporated March 27, 1850  - Mayor Jerry Sanders  - City Attorney Michael Aguirre  - City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna... Location of Carlsbad within San Diego County, California. ... San Marcos is a city located in the northern portion of San Diego County, California, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 54,977. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City; The City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... Hillsdale Inn, Honeymoon Suite (demolished 5 April 2001) San Mateo is a city in San Mateo County, California, USA. It is one of the larger suburbs on the San Francisco Peninsula, located between Burlingame to the north, Foster City to the East, and Belmont to the south. ... Redwood City is a suburb located on the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area of California. ... Nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... Location of Sunnyvale within Santa Clara County, California. ... Official website: http://www. ... Location of Santa Ana within Orange County, California. ... Location of Anaheim within Orange County, California Coordinates: Country United States State California County Orange Mayor Curt Pringle Area    - City 130. ... Location of Irvine within Orange County, California. ... Santa Barbara is a city in California, United States. ... Santa Maria is the largest city in Santa Barbara County, California. ... Santa Cruz is the county seat and most-populated city of Santa Cruz County, California, United States. ... Watsonville is a city located in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Location of Santa Rosa, California Country United States State California County Sonoma Mayor Jane Bender Area    - City 104. ... Petaluma is a city with a well preserved historic city center [1] in Sonoma County, California, in the United States. ... City nickname: Californias Sunrise Seaport City slogan: Stocktons Great, Take A Look! County: San Joaquin Area code: 209 ZIP code: 952xx Area:  - Total  - Water 144. ... Vallejo (pronounced IPA: , vuh-LAY-oe) is a city in Solano County, California, United States. ... The Welcome to Fairfield roadside sign Fairfield Courthouse Fairfield is a city located in the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California, USA, approximately 45 miles from both San Francisco and Sacramento. ... Visalia is a Central California city situated in the heart of California’s agricultural San Joaquin Valley, approximately 230 miles southeast of San Francisco and 190 miles north of Los Angeles. ... Porterville is a city in Tulare County, California, United States. ... Town Square located in downtown Yuba City. ...

Counties

Alameda | Alpine | Amador | Butte | Calaveras | Colusa | Contra Costa | Del Norte | El Dorado | Fresno | Glenn | Humboldt | Imperial | Inyo | Kern | Kings | Lake | Lassen | Los Angeles | Madera | Marin | Mariposa | Mendocino | Merced | Modoc | Mono | Monterey | Napa | Nevada | Orange | Placer | Plumas | Riverside | Sacramento | San Benito | San Bernardino | San Diego | San Francisco | San Joaquin | San Luis Obispo | San Mateo | Santa Barbara | Santa Clara | Santa Cruz | Shasta | Sierra | Siskiyou | Solano | Sonoma | Stanislaus | Sutter | Tehama | Trinity | Tulare | Tuolumne | Ventura | Yolo | Yuba The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Official website: http://www. ... Alpine County is the smallest county, by population, in the U.S. state of California. ... Amador County is a county located in the Sierra Nevada of the U.S. state of California. ... Butte County is a county located in the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California, north of state capital Sacramento. ... Calaveras County is a county located in Californias Gold Country. ... Colusa County is a county located in Californias Central Valley, northwest of Sacramento. ... Official website: http://www. ... Del Norte County is Californias northwesternmost county, located on the Pacific coast south of Oregon. ... Location in the state of California Formed 1850 Seat Placerville Area  - Total  - Water 4,631 km² (1,788 mi²) 200 km² (77 mi²) 4. ... Fresno County is a county located in the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California, south of Stockton and north of Bakersfield. ... Glenn County is a county located in the California Central Valley north of Sacramento County. ... Humboldt County is a county located on the northwest coast of the U.S. state of California, on the Pacific Ocean. ... Imperial County is a county located in the Imperial Valley, in the far southeast of the U.S. state of California, and borders both Arizona and Mexico. ... Inyo County is a county located in east-central California, on the east side of the Sierra Nevada south of Yosemite National Park. ... Kern County is a county located in the southern Central Valley of the U.S. state of California. ... Kings County is a county located in the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California, southeast of Fresno County. ... Lake County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of California, north of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Lassen County is a county located in the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is the most populous county in the United States. ... Madera County is a county of California, located in the Central Valley north of Fresno County. ... Marin County (pronounced mah-RIN) is a county located in the North San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California, across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco. ... Mariposa County is a county in the U.S. state of California, located in the western foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountains. ... Mendocino County is a county located on Californias north coast, north of the San Francisco Bay Area and Sonoma County and west of the Central Valley. ... Merced County is a county located in Californias Central Valley, north of Fresno and southeast of San Jose. ... Modoc County is a county located in Californias far northeast corner, bounded by Oregon to the north and Nevada to the east. ... Mono County is a county located in the east central portion of the U.S. state of California, to east of the Sierra Nevada between Yosemite National Park and Nevada. ... Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ... Napa Valley redirects here. ... Nevada County is a county located in Californias Sierra Nevada, in the Mother Lode country. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Placer County is a county located in California, USAs Sierra Nevada, in the Gold Country. ... Plumas County is a county located in Californias Sierra Nevada. ... Riverside County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of California, stretching from Orange County to the Colorado River, which is the border with Arizona. ... Sacramento County is a county of the U.S. state of California. ... San Benito County is a county located in the Coast Range Mountains of the U.S. state of California, south of San Jose. ... Official website: http://www. ... San Diego County is a county located on the Pacific Ocean in the far southwest of the U.S. state of California, along its border with Mexico. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City; The City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... San Joaquin County is a county located in the United States of America in Californias Central Valley, just east of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... San Luis Obispo County is a county located on the central Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California, between Los Angeles and the Bay Area. ... Official website: http://www. ... Santa Barbara County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the southern portion of the U.S. state of California, just west of Ventura County. ... Location of Santa Clara County within California. ... Santa Cruz County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California, just south of the San Francisco Bay Area, it forms the northern coast of the Monterey Bay. ... Shasta County is a county located in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California, in the Cascade Mountains. ... Sierra County is a county located in Californias Sierra Nevada, northeast of Sacramento on the border with Nevada. ... Siskiyou County is a county located in far northernmost California, USA, in the Cascade Mountains on the Oregon border. ... Solano County is a county located in central part of the U.S. state of California, about halfway between San Francisco and Sacramento and is one of the nine San Francisco Bay Area counties. ... Sonoma County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California, north of Marin County and the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Stanislaus County is a county located in Californias California Central Valley, between Stockton and Fresno. ... Sutter County is a county located along the Sacramento River in the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California, north of state capital Sacramento. ... Location in the state of California Formed 1856 Seat Red Bluff Area  - Total  - Water 7,672 km² (2,962 mi²) 29 km² (11 mi²) 0. ... Trinity County is a county located in northwestern California, along the Trinity River and among the Klamath Mountains. ... Tulare County is a county located in U.S. state of Californias Central Valley, south of Fresno. ... Tuolumne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Californias Sierra Nevada. ... Official website: http://www. ... Yolo County is located in the northern part of the U.S. state of California, bordered by the counties of Sacramento, Solano, Napa, Lake, Colusa, and Sutter. ... Yuba County is located in the U.S. state of Californias Central Valley, north of Sacramento, along the Feather River. ...


 
 

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