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Encyclopedia > Cuisine of New England
The American lobster, a favorite ingredient in New England cuisine.

New England cuisine is a type of American cuisine found in New England, in the northeastern region of the United States. New England cooking is characterized by extensive use of seafood and dairy products, which results from its historical reliance on its seaports and fishing industry, as well as extensive dairy farming in states like Vermont. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Cuisine of the United States is characterized by the broad diversity of the possible foods, but more importantly the willingness of the country as a whole to integrate widely divergent foods. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... Regional definitions vary The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. ... Spaghetti with seafood (Spaghetti allo scoglio). ... A dairy farm near Oxford, New York in the United States. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ...


Two outstandingly characteristic ingredients native to New England are maple syrup and cranberries. The standard starch is potato. Parsley and sage are common, with a few Caribbean additions like nutmeg. Due to the reliance on dairy, creams are standard. The favored cooking techniques are stewing and baking. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... “Cranberries” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Binomial name L. Sage leaves - first variety Sage leaves - second variety Common sage (Salvia officinalis) is a small evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region. ... It has been suggested that Legal drugs#Nutmeg be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

History

Well into the 19th century, molasses from the Caribbean and honey were staple sweeteners for all but the upper class. Many herbs were uncommon, particularly Mediterranean herbs, which are not hardy in much of New England away from the coast. As a result, most New England dishes do not have much strong seasoning, nor are there many particularly spicy staple items. Molasses or treacle is a thick syrup by-product from the processing of the sugarcane or sugar beet into sugar. ... A jar of honey, shown with a wooden honey server and scones/biscuits. ...


Prior to Prohibition, some of the finest rum distilleries were located in New England. The Boston Molasses Disaster occurred on January 15, 1919, in the North End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, when a huge molasses tank used to prepare rum collapsed. This article is about the beverage. ... Aftermath of the disaster The Boston Molasses Disaster, also known as the Great Molasses Flood or The Great Boston Molasses Tragedy, occurred on January 15, 1919, in the North End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts in the United States. ...


Even today, traditional cuisine remains a strong part of New England's identity. Some of its plates are now enjoyed by the entire United States, including clam chowder, baked beans, and homemade ice cream. In the past two centuries, New England cooking was strongly influenced and transformed by Irish Americans, the Portuguese fishermen of coastal New England, and Italian Americans. New England clam chowder. ... Baked beans are proper shit, no-one ever eats them. ... Missing image Ice cream is often served on a stick Boxes of ice cream are often found in stores in a display freezer. ... Irish population density in the United States, 1872. ... An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent either born in America or someone who has immigrated. ...


The oldest operating restaurant in the United States, the Union Oyster House, is located in Boston, Massachusetts. Ye Olde Union Oyster House is perhaps the oldest living restaurant in the United States of America having been open to diners since 1826. ...


State dishes and staples

Maine is known for its lobster. Once a poor man's supper, lobster has now become a dish of the middle and upper classes. Moxie, America's first mass-produced soft drink and the official state soft drink, is known for its strong aftertaste and is found throughout New England. Although originally from New Jersey, wax-wrapped salt water taffy is a popular item sold in tourist areas. Wild blueberries are also a common ingredient or garnish. Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Binomial name Homarus americanus H. Milne-Edwards, 1837 The American lobster, Homarus americanus, is a species of lobster found on the Atlantic coast of North America. ... Moxie, a carbonated beverage, is considered to be the USAs first mass produced soft drink. ... A soft drink is a drink that contains no alcohol. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Salt water taffy with a US Quarter for scale. ... For other uses, see Blueberry (disambiguation). ...


Vermont is known for its cheddar cheese and other dairy products. It is best known outside of New England for its maple syrup, which is generally considered to be of the highest quality available in America. Maple syrup is used as an ingredient in many Vermont dishes, including baked beans. Rhubarb pie is a common dessert and is often combined with strawberries in late spring. Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ... Statistics Population: 5724 (as of 2002) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: ST458535 Administration District: Sedgemoor Region: South West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Somerset Historic county: Somerset Services Police force: Avon and Somerset Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: South Western Post office and telephone... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Baked beans are proper shit, no-one ever eats them. ... Homemade rhubarb pie Rhubarb pie is a pie that is particularly popular in those areas where the rhubarb plant is actually cultivated, including the British Isles and the New England region of the United States. ...


Coastal Massachusetts is known for its clams, haddock, and cranberries, and previously cod. Apples are grown in the Commonwealth's interior. Boston is known for, among other things, baked beans, bulkie rolls, and various pastries. This article is about the U.S. State. ... Categories: Pages needing attention | Animal stubs ... Binomial name Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Linnaeus, 1758) The haddock or offshore hake is a marine fish distributed on both sides of the North Atlantic. ... the world is coming to the end!!!!! cod is going to eat up alive and do us hard up the emmm. ... For other uses, see Apple (disambiguation). ... Baked beans are proper shit, no-one ever eats them. ... A Bulkie roll or bulkie is a New England regional variety of sandwich roll. ...


Southern New Hampshire cuisine is similar to that of the Boston area. As with Maine and Vermont, French-Canadian dishes are popular, including tourtière, which is traditionally served on Christmas Eve. Corn chowder, which is similar to clam chowder but with corn and bacon replacing the clams, is also common. Portsmouth is known for its orange cake, often containing cranberries. Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... “Canadiens” redirects here. ... A tourtière is a meat pie originating from Quebec, usually made with ground pork and/or veal, or beef. ... The Christmas Eve (1904-05), watercolor painting by the Swedish painter Carl Larsson (1853-1919) Christmas Eve, the evening of December 24th, the preceding day or vigil before Christmas Day, is treated to a greater or a lesser extent in most Christian societies as part of the Christmas season. ... A bowl of corn chowder Corn chowder is a type of white chowder similar to New England clam chowder, with corn and bacon substituted for clams in the recipe. ... Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Rockingham County Incorporated 1653 Mayor Steve Marchand City manager John P. Bohenko Area    - City 43. ...


Rhode Island and bordering Bristol County, Massachusetts are known for quahog clams, johnny cakes, coffee milk, celery salt hot dogs, pizza strips, and dynamites. Portuguese influences are becoming increasingly popular in the region, with Italian cooking already long established. The coastal communities and islands, including Block Island, offer more colonial New England fare than the more recent immigrant-influenced varieties found around the Providence area. “RI” redirects here. ... Bristol County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Quahogs (pronounced KO-hog, IPA , kwag, or kwa-HOG, IPA ), mercenaria mercenaria or venus mercenaria, are also called hard-shell clams, and by terms referring to different sizes from smallest to largest, littlenecks, cherrystones, quahogs, and chowders. The Quahog takes its name from the Narragansett Indian word poquauhock (the word... Cornbread is a variety of quick bread (a bread leavened chemically, rather than by yeast) containing cornmeal. ... Coffee milk is a drink similar to chocolate milk. ... Binomial name Apium graveolens L. Celery (Apium graveolens dulce) is a herbaceous biennial plant in the family Apiaceae, native to the coasts of western and northern Europe, most commonly in ditches and saltmarshes. ... A large hot dog with ketchup A hot dog is classified as a type of sausage or, alternatively, a sandwich on a suitably shaped bun with the sausage and condiments on it. ... Pizza strips (also known as strip pizza) is a style of pizza common in Rhode Island. ... Block Island, shown in red, off the coast of the State of Rhode Island. ... “Providence” redirects here. ...


Connecticut is known for its apizza (particularly the white clam pie), shad and shadbakes, grinders (including the state-based Subway chain), and for New Haven's claim as the birthplace of the hamburger sandwich. Italian-inspired cuisine is dominant in the New Haven area, while Southeastern Connecticut relies heavily on the fishing industry. Irish American influences are common in the interior portions of the state, including the Hartford area. Hasty pudding is sometimes found in rural communities, particularly around Thanksgiving. Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Apizza (pronounced ah-BEETS) is a style of Neapolitan pizza common in New Haven, Connecticut. ... Littleneck clams; the pictured mollusks are of the species Mercenaria mercenaria. ... Species See text. ... It has been suggested that Hero sandwich be merged into this article or section. ... SUBWAY® is the name of a multinational restaurant franchise that mainly sells sandwiches and salads. ... “New Haven” redirects here. ... This article is about the food item. ... An Italian sandwich. ... The Southeastern Connecticut region comprises, as the name suggests, the southeastern corner of the state of Connecticut. ... Irish population density in the United States, 1872. ... Nickname: Location in Hartford County, Connecticut Coordinates: , Country State NECTA Hartford Region Capitol Region Named 1637 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1896 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Eddie Perez Area  - City  18. ... Hasty pudding is a porridge-like dish of cooked grain. ... The First Thanksgiving, painted by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930). ...


Typical foods

New England is also known for many of its fine local lagers and ales, the most famous of which is Samuel Adams of the Boston Beer Company in Boston, Massachusetts, even though the recipe for the beer does not come from New England. Spaghetti with seafood (Spaghetti allo scoglio). ... Plantains frying in vegetable oil. ... Baking is the technique of cooking food in an oven by dry heat applied evenly throughout the oven. ... Broiling is cooking food with high heat with the heat applied directly to the food. ... Boiling, a type of phase transition, is the rapid vaporization of a liquid, which typically occurs when a liquid is heated to its boiling point, the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the pressure exerted on the liquid by the surrounding atmospheric pressure. ... the world is coming to the end!!!!! cod is going to eat up alive and do us hard up the emmm. ... Fiorello LaGuardia with a 300-pound halibut at the Fulton Fish Market. ... This article contains weasel words, which may compromise its neutrality. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Homarus americanus H. Milne-Edwards, 1837 The American lobster, Homarus americanus, is a species of lobster found on the Atlantic coast of North America. ... Genera See text. ... Littleneck clams; the pictured mollusks are of the species Mercenaria mercenaria. ... Quahogs (pronounced KO-hog, IPA , kwag, or kwa-HOG, IPA ), mercenaria mercenaria or venus mercenaria, are also called hard-shell clams, and by terms referring to different sizes from smallest to largest, littlenecks, cherrystones, quahogs, and chowders. The Quahog takes its name from the Narragansett Indian word poquauhock (the word... Subclasses Pteriomorpha (marine mussels) Palaeoheterodonta (freshwater mussels) Heterodonta (zebra mussels) The term mussel is used for several families of bivalve molluscs inhabiting lakes, rivers, and creeks, as well as intertidal areas along coastlines worldwide. ... Soft-shell Clams, mya arenaria, popularly called steamers, softshells or longnecks, are clams that live buried in tidal mudflats most famously on the coast of New England but their range extends much farther north to Canada and to the Southern states. ... Cider in a pint glass Cider (or cyder) is an alcoholic beverage made primarily from the juices of specially grown varieties of apples. ... For other uses, see Blueberry (disambiguation). ... A blueberry pie with a lattice top. ... Baked beans are proper shit, no-one ever eats them. ... A chocolate-glazed doughnut A doughnut, or donut, is a deep-fried piece of dough or batter. ... Pastry the name given to various kinds of dough made from ingredients such as flour, butter and eggs, that are rolled out thinly and used as the base for baked goods. ... New England clam chowder. ... Clam chowder is any of several chowders containing clams and broth. ... Fluffernutter before assembly. ... A strawberry milkshake topped with whipped cream and strawberry syrup A milkshake is a sweet, cold beverage which is made from milk, ice cream, and sweet flavourings such as fruit syrup or chocolate sauce (in Canada and most regions of the United States, and the United Kingdom. ... The fried clam was invented in Essex, Massachusetts by Lawrence Dexter Chubby Woodman on July 3, 1916 in his small village restaurant. ... Greek pizza can refer to either of two styles of pizza. ... Hasty pudding is a porridge-like dish of cooked grain. ... This article is about the beverage. ... Missing image Ice cream is often served on a stick Boxes of ice cream are often found in stores in a display freezer. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Hasty pudding is a porridge-like dish of cooked grain. ... Cornbread is a variety of quick bread (a bread leavened chemically, rather than by yeast) containing cornmeal. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... New England Boiled Dinner is a one-pot meal native to New England which contains various ingredients such as corned beef, cabbage, carrots, turnips and potatoes. ... The New England Clam Bake is a traditional method of cooking foods, especially seafood such as lobster, mussels, crabs, clams, and quahogs. ... This traditional New England meal is a simpler substitute for the New England clam bake. ... Succotash (from the Native American Narraganset language, msikwatash) is a food dish consisting primarily of lima beans and corn (maize), possibly including pieces of cured meat. ... A whoopie pie, sometimes alternatively called a gob, is a baked good traditional to the Pennsylvania Dutch culture as well as New England, made of two small, chocolate, disk-shaped cakes with a sweet, creamy frosting sandwiched between them. ... Lager is a well attenuated beer brewed in cool conditions using a slow-acting brewers yeast, known as a bottom-fermenting yeast, and then stored (or lagered) for a period in cool conditions to clear away particles and certain flavour compounds to produce a clean taste. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Samuel Adams is the brand name of American beers produced by the Boston Beer Company (NYSE: SAM) and named after Samuel Adams, a brewer[1] and patriot. ... Samuel Adams is the brand name of American beers, produced by the Boston Beer Company and named after brewer and patriot, Samuel Adams. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ...


Notable food and drink companies

Connecticut

Foxon Park is a soft drink brand produced by Foxon Park Beverage Company. ... Location in Connecticut Coordinates: Counties New Haven County Mayor Joseph A. Maturo, Jr. ... Pepperidge Farm is an American manufacturer of baked goods. ... Motto: The Right Place, The Right Time Location in Fairfield County, Connecticut Coordinates: NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford Region South Western Region Incorporated 1651 Consolidated 1913 Government type Mayor-council Mayor Dick Moccia Area    - City 36. ... SUBWAY® is the name of a multinational restaurant franchise that mainly sells sandwiches and salads. ... Nickname: A Small City with a Big Heart Coordinates: NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford Region South Central Region Named 1640 Incorporated (city) 1959 Government type Mayor-council  - Mayor James L. Richetelli, Jr. ...

Maine

Moxie, a carbonated beverage, is considered to be the USAs first mass produced soft drink. ... Farmington is a town located in Franklin County, Maine. ...

Massachusetts

Samuel Adams is the brand name of American beers, produced by the Boston Beer Company and named after brewer and patriot, Samuel Adams. ... Samuel Adams is the brand name of American beers produced by the Boston Beer Company (NYSE: SAM) and named after Samuel Adams, a brewer[1] and patriot. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... It has been suggested that Sip, Scratch, Score! be merged into this article or section. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Norfolk County Settled 1625 Incorporated 1792 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor William J. Phelan Area  - City  26. ... Friendly Ice Cream Corporation AMEX: FRN, best known for its Friendlys restaurant chain, was founded in 1935 in Springfield, Massachusetts by two young brothers, 18-year-old Curtis Blake and 20-year-old Prestley Blake. ... Wilbraham is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 13,473. ... DAngelo Sandwich Shops is a chain of sub sandwich shops located throughout New England similar to Subway and Quiznos. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town    Administrator Bill Keegan  - Board of    Selectmen Marie-Loise Kehoe Mike Butler James MacDonald Carmen DelloIocono Dennis Teehan Area  - Town  10. ... HP Hood LLC is an American dairy company based in Chelsea, Massachusetts. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... Legal Sea Foods is a chain of seafood restaurants with 30 locations on the East Coast of the United States. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ... Marshmallow creme is a uniquely American food item. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Essex County Settled 1629 Incorporated 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Chip Clancy Area  - City  13. ... Necco Wafers are the oldest continuously manufactured candy in the United States. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... Ocean Spray is an agricultural cooperative of growers of cranberries and grapefruit headquartered in Middleborough/Lakeville, Massachusetts. ... Middleborough is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   Lakeville is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Papa Ginos is a chain of pizza restaurants in the northeastern United States. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town    Administrator Bill Keegan  - Board of    Selectmen Marie-Loise Kehoe Mike Butler James MacDonald Carmen DelloIocono Dennis Teehan Area  - Town  10. ... Polar Beverages, founded in 1916, is the largest independent soft drink bottling company in the United States and is based in Worcester, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1673 Incorporated 1684 Government  - Type Council-manager also known as Plan E  - City Manager Michael V. OBrien  - Mayor Konstantina B. Lukes  - City Council Dennis L. Irish Michael C. Perotto Joseph M. Petty Gary Rosen Kathleen...

New Hampshire

Stonyfield Farm is the worlds leading organic yogurt maker located in Londonderry, New Hampshire. ... Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire Coordinates: Country United States State New Hampshire County Rockingham County Incorporated 1722 Government  - Town council Joe Paradis, Chairman Brian Farmer Marty Bove Mark Oswald Kathy Wagner Area  - Town  41. ...

Vermont

This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... South Burlington, Vermont South Burlington is a city located in Chittenden County, Vermont, in the United States. ... Waterbury, Vermont Waterbury is in Washington County in central Vermont. ... The Cabot Creamery Cooperative is a American dairy cooperative started in 1919 by farmers in Cabot, Vermont. ... Cabot, Vermont Cabot is a town located in Washington County, Vermont. ...

See also

Wikibooks
Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on
Cuisine of New England

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ...

Further reading

Mosser, Marjorie; Kenneth Roberts (1978). Good Maine Food. Down East Books. ISBN 0-89272-038-7.  Kenneth Lewis Roberts (December 8, 1885 – July 21, 1957) was an American author of historical novels. ...


Stetson, Barbara Sherman (1993). The Island Cookbook. Favorite Recipies Press. ISBN 0-87197-370-7.  Cuisine of Rhode Island and southeastern Massachusetts, with extensive notes on local history and personal anecdotes from the author.


 
 

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