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Encyclopedia > Cucuteni culture
Reconstruction of a Trypillia hut, in the Trypillia museum, Ukraine.
Reconstruction of a Trypillia hut, in the Trypillia museum, Ukraine.

The Cucuteni culture, better known in the countries of the former Soviet Union as Trypillian culture, is a late Neolithic archaeological culture that flourished between ca. 4500 BC and 3000 BC in the Dniester-Dnieper region of modern-day Romania, Moldova, and Ukraine. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 198 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Reconstruction of a Trypillia culture hut. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 198 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Reconstruction of a Trypillia culture hut. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... In archaeology, culture refers to either of two separate but allied concepts: An archaeological culture is a pattern of similar artefacts and features found within a specific area over a limited period of time. ... (6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – 4th millennium BC – other millennia) Events 4860 BC - Mount Mazama in Oregon collapses, forming a caldera that later fills with water and becomes Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States. ... (31st century BC - 30th century BC - 29th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2925 - 2776 BC - First Dynasty wars in Egypt 2900 BC - Beginning of the Early Dynastic Period I in Mesopotamia. ... The Dniester (Ukrainian: , translit. ... This article is about the river. ...

Contents

Nomenclature

Cucuteni-Trypillia culture
Cucuteni-Trypillia culture

The culture was named after Cucuteni, Iaşi county, Romania, where first objects associated with this culture were discovered in 1884 and excavations started in 1909. In 1897, similar objects were excavated in Trypillia (Трипiлля; Russian: Trepolye), Kiev Governorate, Ukraine. As a result, the culture has been known in Soviet, Russian, and Ukrainian publications as Tripolie culture or Tripolian culture. A compromise name is Cucuteni-Trypillia. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cucuteni is a village in IaÅŸi County, Romania, having a population of 1,450. ... County IaÅŸi County Status Municipality Mayor Gheorghe Nichita, Social Democratic Party, since 2003 Area 93. ... Trypillia (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Tripolye) is a village in Ukraine in Kiev Oblast with 2,800 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2005). ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ...


Extent

As of 2003, about 2000 sites of Trypillian culture have been identified in Romania, Ukraine, and Moldova. Mallory reports that the "culture is attested from well over a thousand sites in the form of everything from small villages to vast settlements comprised of hundreds of dwellings surrounded by multiple ditches" (EIEC, "Tripolye Culture"). It was centered on the middle to upper Dniester River (in the present-day Republic of Moldova) with an extension in the northeast to as far as the Dnieper. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture or EIEC, edited by James P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams, was published in 1997 by Fitzroy Dearborn. ... The river Dniestr (in Polish and Russian; Nistru in Romanian; Дністер, Dnister in Ukrainian; Tyras in Latin; also known as Dniester) is a river in Eastern Europe. ... This article is about the river. ...


Features

The largest collection of artifacts of Cucuteni-Trypillia culture can be found at the museums of Russia, Ukraine, and Romania, including the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg and the Museum of History & Archaeology in Piatra Neamţ. The State Hermitage Museum (Russian: ) in Saint Petersburg, Russia is one of the largest, oldest, most important and famous art galleries and museums of human history and culture in the world. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... The History & Archaeology Museum in Piatra NeamÅ£, Romania was founded at the beginning of the 20th century by Constantin Matasă, minister and amateur archaeologist. ... Piatra NeamÅ£ (population: 105,000) is the main city of NeamÅ£ county, Moldavia, Romania. ...

A Trypillia culture statue, in the Trypillia museum, Ukraine.
A Trypillia culture statue, in the Trypillia museum, Ukraine.

The Cucuteni culture has been called the first urban culture in Europe. The Trypillia settlements were usually located on a plateau, fortified with earthworks and ditches. The earliest villages consisted of ten to fifteen households. At their heyday, settlements expanded to include several hundred large adobe huts, sometimes with two stories. These houses were typically warmed by an oven and had round windows. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 449 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (767 × 1024 pixel, file size: 394 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A Trypillia culture statue. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 449 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (767 × 1024 pixel, file size: 394 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A Trypillia culture statue. ...


Agriculture is attested, as well as livestock-raising, cattle mainly, but goats/sheep and swine are also evidenced. Wild game is a regular part of the faunal remains. The pottery is connected to the Linear Pottery culture. Copper was extensively imported from the Balkans. Extant figurines excavated at the Cucuteni sites are thought to represent the Mother goddess. The Linear Pottery culture or (German) Linearbandkeramik (abbr. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Mother (neopaganism) be merged into this article or section. ...


See also

Prehistoric Romania is the period in the human occupation (including early hominins) of the geographical area encompassing present-day Romania, which extended through prehistory, and ended when the first written records appeared. ... Map of European Neolithic at the apogee of Danubian expansion, c. ... Typical Yamna burial with the skeleton in supine position, with bent knees. ... Map showing the Neolithic expansions from the 7th to the 5th millennium BC Europe in ca. ...

References

J. P. Mallory, "Tripolye Culture", Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997. JP Mallory is the nom-de-plume of Irish-American archaeologist and Indo-Europeanist Prof. ... The Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture or EIEC, edited by James P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams, was published in 1997 by Fitzroy Dearborn. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Tripolye culture

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cucuteni - Biocrawler (141 words)
Cucuteni is a village in Iaşi County, Romania, having a population of 1,450.
This was the place where in 1884 were found some ancient artifacts and the culture that produced them took the name of the village, Cucuteni culture.
In the village is located an archeological museum displaying artifacts of the Cucuteni culture and a 15th century church built during the rule of Ştefan cel Mare
Omnipelagos.com ~ article "Cucuteni culture" (348 words)
The Cucuteni culture (after the Romanian Cucuteni village located in Iaşi county, also Trypillian culture, or Tripolie culture after the Ukrainian Trypillia (Трипiлля) village, or Tripolie culture, Tripolian culture, from the Russian version of the name: Триполье (Tripolye culture), or, as a compromise, Cucuteni-Trypillia) is a late Neolithic archaeological culture that flourished ca.
It is a neolithic culture of Central Europe, in the area of modern-day Romania, Moldova, and Ukraine, in the Dniester-Dnieper region.
The first settlements discovered were in northern Romania, hence the naming of the culture after a Romanian village, but further artifacts discovered later indicate that the geographical center of the culture probably lay further north, perhaps in the Republic of Moldova.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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