FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Cuban American" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Cuban American
Cuban American
Cubano Americano

Total population

Cuban
1,241,685
0.4% of the US population (2000)
Image File history File links Cameron_Diaz_2005. ... Image File history File links GloriaEstefan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 360 × 456 pixelsFull resolution (360 × 456 pixel, file size: 144 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bob Menendez Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 341 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1825 × 3208 pixel, file size: 4. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Carlos_Gutierrez. ... Otto Reich, Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs in the Bush Administration Source: http://uruguay. ...

Regions with significant populations
Florida
(Miami; Hialeah; Key West; Orlando; Tampa)
New Jersey
(Union City; West New York)
New York
(New York City)
North Carolina
(Raleigh; Charlotte)
Language(s)
American English & Spanish
Religion(s)
Predominantly Roman Catholic;
with Jewish, Protestant, Santeria, Atheist and Agnostic minorities
Related ethnic groups
Spaniards · Italians · Portuguese · Hispanics
White Cuban · Afro-Cuban · Jewish Cuban · Chinese Cuban
Part of a series of articles on
Latinos and Hispanics
in the United States
Groups
Argentine Americans
Brazilian Americans
Bolivian Americans
Chilean Americans
Colombian Americans
Costa Rican Americans
Cuban Americans
Dominican Americans
Ecuadorian Americans
Guatemalan Americans
Honduran Americans
Mexican Americans
Nicaraguan Americans
Panamanian Americans
Paraguayan Americans
Peruvian Americans
Puerto Rican Americans
Salvadoran Americans
Spanish Americans
Uruguayan Americans
Venezuelan Americans
History
History of Latinos and Hispanics
History of Mexican-Americans
Pan-Americanism
Religions
Christian Latinos · Santeria
Latino Jews · Latino Muslims
Political movements
Hispanics and politics
Chicano Movement
Organizations
Association of Hispanic Arts
Congressional Hispanic Caucus
LULAC · NALFO · SHPE
National Council of La Raza
NALEO · MEChA · UFW
National Society of Hispanic MBAs
Culture
Hispanic culture
Literature · Studies · Art · Music
Languages
Spanish · Spanish in the United States
English · Brazilian Portuguese · Spanglish
Ladino language
Lists
Communities with Hispanic majority
Puerto Rico-related topics
Notable Hispanics
Related topics
Portals
Latino and Hispanic Portal

This box: view  talk  edit

A Cuban American is a United States citizen who traces his or her ancestry to Cuba. Many communities throughout the United States have significant Cuban American populations. However, Miami, Florida stands out as the most prominent Cuban American community, in part because of its proximity to Cuba. It is followed by North Jersey, particularly Union City and West New York. More recently, there has been substantial growth of new Cuban-American communities in places like Hazleton, Pennsylvania; Raleigh, North Carolina; and Palm Desert, California.[citation needed] Image File history File links Flag_of_Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Miami redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State Counties Orange Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 101 sq mi (261. ... Tampa redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Jersey. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Spectators viewing the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks from across the Hudson River, in the terrace courtyard of the Union City Boxing Club. ... map highlighting West New York withing Hudson County West New York is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, situated upon the New Jersey Palisades. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_York. ... This article is about the state. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ... Charlotte redirects here. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Lukumí or Regla de Ocha, most widely known as Santeria, is a set of related religious systems that fuse Catholic beliefs with traditional Yorùbá beliefs. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... The term agnosticism and the related agnostic were coined by Thomas Henry Huxley in 1869. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... Language(s) Spanish Religion(s) Predominantly Roman Catholic with Jewish Protestant Atheist and Agnostic minorities Related ethnic groups Spaniards Italians Portuguese French Andalusians Canarians Galician European White Hispanic White Argentine White Brazilian Jewish Cubans White American . ... Cuban boys playing in Trinidad, Cuba The term Afro-Cuban refers to Cubans of African ancestry, and to historical or cultural elements in Cuba thought to emanate from this community. ... Jewish Cubans, Cuban Jews, or Cubans of Jewish heritage, have lived on the island for centuries. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Latino refers to people living in the US of Latin American nationality and their US-born descendants. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... Argentine Americans are raised and educated citizens of the United States although not all U.S born, from the southeast South American nation of Argentina. ... The first Brazilians to establish in North America arrived in New Amsterdam in , coming from Recife, fleeing religious persecution for being jews. ... // Bolivia, the only landlocked country in the Western Hemisphere, is home to almost eight million people. ... Chilean Americans are a group of 68,849 people who emigrated from Chile and their descendants. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Dominican American or Dominican-York [2] is an immigrant or descendant of immigrants from the Dominican Republic to the United States. ... An Ecuadorian American is someone who is of Ecuadorian descent or was born in Ecuador and achieved American citizenship. ... A Guatemalan American is an American of Guatemalan decent. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The ethnonym Mexican-American describes United States citizens of Mexican ancestry (14 million in 2003) and Mexican citizens who reside in the US (10 million in 2003). ... Languages Spanish, English Religions Roman Catholic, Protestantism Nicaraguan American (Spanish: Nicaragüense Americano) are Americans of Nicaraguan ancestry who were born in or have immigrated to the United States. ... A Peruvian American is an immigrant or descendant of immigrants from Peru that arrived in the United States. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Puerto Rican. ... Languages Spanish, English Religions Roman Catholic, Protestantism Salvadoran Americans are residents of the United States of Salvadoran descent. ... ... Venezuelan Americans are raised and educated citizens of the United States although not all U.S born, from the South American nation of Venezuela. ... // Latinos and Hispanics has a long history in the United States. ... The history of Mexican-Americans is wide-ranging, spanning more than four hundred years and varying from region to region within the United States. ... The struggle for independence after 1810 among the Latin American nations evoked a sense of unity, especially in South America where, under Simón Bolívar in the north and José de San Martín in the south, there were cooperative efforts. ... Latinos and Hispanics are predominantly Christian in the United States. ... Lukumí or Regla de Ocha, most widely known as Santeria, is a set of related religious systems that fuse Catholic beliefs with traditional Yorùbá beliefs. ... Latino Jews are Latinos whose religion is Judaism. ... Latino Muslims are Latinos whose religion is Islam. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Chicano Movement, also called the Chicano Civil Rights Movement, the Mexican-American Civil Rights Movement, and El Movimiento, is the part of the American Civil Rights Movement that searched for social liberation and power for Mexican Americans. ... There are three main components to AHA’s programming and services: Advocacy: Latino arts and culture is an essential and vibrant part of the nation’s identity. ... // About the CHC The Congressional Hispanic Caucus (CHC) is comprised of 21 Members of Congress of Hispanic descent. ... LULAC is an organization which strives for rights for Hispanic Americans. ... The National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations (NALFO) is an umbrella council for 23 Latino Greek Letter Organizations established in 1998. ... The SHPE Logo The Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers (SHPE) was founded in Los Angeles, California, in 1974 by a group of engineers employed by the city of Los Angeles. ... “NCLR” redirects here. ... National Association of Latino Elected Officials aka NALEO External links http://www. ... This article is about the term used in science fiction, anime, and manga. ... The United Farm Workers of America (UFW) is a labor union that evolved from unions founded in 1962 by César Chávez, Philip Vera Cruz, Dolores Huerta, and Larry Itliong. ... Latino/a Studies is an academic discipline which studies the experience of people of Hispanic ancestory in America. ... Latin music has long influenced American popular music, jazz, rhythm and blues, and even country music. ... Spanish language spread in the United States. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil in Portuguese) is a group of dialects of Portuguese written and spoken by virtually all the 190 million inhabitants of Brazil and by a couple of million Brazilian emigrants, mainly in the United States, United Kingdom, Portugal, Canada, Japan, and Paraguay. ... For the James L. Brooks motion picture, see Spanglish (film). ... Not to be confused with Ladin. ... The following is a partial list of United States cities, towns, and census-designated places in which a majority (over 50%) of the population is Hispanic or Latino, according to data from the 2000 Census. ... . ... Famous Hispanic Americans // Silvana Arias, actress Adrian Bellani, actor Jessica Alba, actress Nadine Velazquez, actress Desi Arnaz, actor Alexis Bledel, actress Benjamin Bratt, actor Julissa Bermudez, actress and VJ Lynda Carter, actress Ricardo Chavira, actor from Desperate Housewives Sammy Davis, Jr. ... Miami redirects here. ... Metropolitan statistical areas and divisions of New Jersey; counties shaded in blue hues are in the New York City metro; counties shaded in green hues are in the Philadelphia metro. ... Union City is the name of several places in the United States of America: Union City, California Union City, Georgia Union City, New Jersey Union City, Ohio and Union City, Indiana, which are separated only by the state line Union City, Pennsylvania Union City, Tennessee Union City, Oklahoma A fictional... West New York is a Walsh Act town located in Hudson County, New Jersey. ... For other places with the same name, see Hazleton (disambiguation). ... For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ... Palm Desert is a city in Riverside County, California, in the Coachella Valley (Palm Springs area), approximately 11 miles east of Palm Springs in the Coachella Valley. ...


b== Immigration == Prior to the Louisiana Purchase and the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819, all of Florida and Louisiana, were provinces of the Captaincy General of Cuba. Consequently, Cuban immigration to the U.S. has a long history, beginning in the Spanish colonial period in 1565 when St. Augustine, Florida was established by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, and hundreds of Spanish/Cuban soldiers and their families moved from Cuba to St. Augustine to establish a new life. Thousands of Cuban settlers also immigrated to Louisiana between 17781783 and Texas during the period of Spanish rule. For the musical, see Louisiana Purchase (musical) and Louisiana Purchase (film). ... The Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 (formally titled the Treaty of Amity, Settlement, and Limits Between the United States of America and His Catholic Majesty, and also known as the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819, and sometimes the Florida Purchase Treaty) was a historic agreement between the United States and... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Spanish colonization of the Americas was Spains conquest, settlement, and rule over much of the western hemisphere from 1492-1898. ... Nickname: Location in St. ... Don Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, the founder of Saint Augustine, Florida Pedro Menéndez de Avilés (February 15, 1519 - September 17, 1574), was a sixteenth century Spanish admiral and pirate hunter, known most notably for his founding of St. ... Year 1778 (MDCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ...


Many early Cubans migrated to New York City, St. Augustine, Florida, Key West, and Tampa, Florida. Many Cubans were absorbed into the mainstream of American culture after the United States claimed Florida from Spain in 1821.[citation needed] New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Nickname: Location in St. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ... Tampa redirects here. ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In the late 1800s, a Cuban entrepreneur named Vicente Martinez-Ybor started a cigar making business in Tampa. Soon, other Cuban businessmen {Fuente, Villazon, Garcia, and Vega} followed Ybor's example. Within several years, Tampa had a thriving cigar-making industry. Numerous Cuban families lived and worked in the area known as Ybor City near Tampa, and there are many third and fourth generation Cuban Americans who trace their Cuban heritage directly to this early immigration. Vicente Martinez Ybor (September 7, 1818 - December, 1896) was a Spanish American industrialist. ... For other uses, see Cigar (disambiguation). ... Ybor cigar factory, c. ...


Smaller waves of Cuban emigration to the U.S. occurred in the early 20th century (1900-1959), mostly settled in Florida and the Northeast U.S. The majority of an estimated 100,000 Cubans arrived in that time period usually came for economic reasons {1929 depression, volatile sugar prices}, but included anti-Batista refugees fleeing the military dictatorship, which had pro-U.S. diplomatic ties.

Contents

1960 - 1980

Political upheaval in Cuba created new waves of Cuban immigrants to the U.S. In 1959, after the Cuban revolution led by Fidel Castro, a large Cuban exodus began. From 1960 to 1979, hundreds of thousands of Cubans left Cuba and began a new life in America, often forming the backbone of the anti-Castro movement. Most Cuban Americans that arrived in the United States came from Cuba's educated, upper and middle classes. Like many immigrants, the Cuban Americans often had little money, which was further exacerbated by Cuban government measures taken to prevent removal of wealth from Cuba. The Cuban Revolution refers to the revolution that led to the overthrow of General Fulgencio Batistas regime on January 1, 1959 by the 26th of July Movement and other revolutionary elements within the country. ... Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba but on indefinite medical hiatus. ...


In order to provide aid to recently arrived Cuban immigrants, the United States Congress passed the Cuban Adjustment Act in 1966. The Cuban Refugee Program provided more than $1.3 billion of direct financial assistance. They also were eligible for public assistance, Medicare, free English courses, scholarships, and low interest college loans. Some banks even pioneered loans for exiles who did not have collateral or credit but received help in getting a business loan simply because they were of Cuban descent. These loans enabled many Cuban Americans to secure funds and start up their own businesses. With their Cuban-owned businesses and low cost of living, Miami, Florida and Union City, New Jersey (dubbed "Havana-on-the Hudson"[citation needed]) were the preferred destinations for many immigrants, and soon became the main centers for Cuban American culture. Miami was particularly attractive due[citation needed] to its similar climate, geography, and architecture; Union City for the opportunities offered by the embroidery industry. However, Hialeah, Florida within Miami-Dade County, stands as the city most populated by Cubans and Cuban Americans in the United States.{{Fact|date=October 2007}) Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... ... Welfare has four main meanings. ... President Johnson signing the Medicare amendment. ... This article is about scholarship (noun) and scholarship as a form of financial aid. ... For other uses, see Loan (disambiguation). ... Miami redirects here. ... Spectators viewing the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks from across the Hudson River, in the terrace courtyard of the Union City Boxing Club. ... Embroidery in silk thread on linen, 19th century Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with designs stitched in strands of thread or yarn using a needle. ... Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... Miami-Dade County (formerly known as Dade County and many times referred to as simply Miami) is a county located in the southeastern part of the state of Florida. ...


1980s

Another large wave (an estimated 120,000 people) of Cuban immigration occurred in the early 1980s with the Mariel boatlifts. Many Cuban Americans already living in the United States had a negative opinion of the "Marielitos" because they believed the Marielitos caused damage to the Cuban American community's reputation.[citation needed] This belief was rooted in concerns regarding Fidel Castro opening the jails in order to allow convicted felons and committed mental patients to intermingle with the crowds of otherwise innocent emigrants. However, many of the "Marielitos" became prosperous, through their own efforts, with government assistance and assistance from earlier immigrants, relatives and charitable organizations. Cuban refugees arriving in crowded boats during the Mariel Boatlift crisis. ... A Marielito is the popular name for any Cuban who arrived in the United States of America via the Mariel Boatlift in 1980. ...


Assimilation

Many Cuban Americans have assimilated themselves into the mainstream American culture, but in the city of Miami and its surroundings, there is a uniquely molded Cuban American community.


Since the 1980s, Cuban Americans have moved out of "Little Havana" to the suburbs of Miami, such as Hialeah and Kendall as well as the more affluent Coral Gables and Miami Lakes. Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... Kendall is a census-designated place and an unincorporated suburban community in Miami-Dade County, Florida, on the edge of the Florida Everglades. ... Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Miami-Dade Government  - Mayor Don Slesnick Area  - City 96. ... Miami Lakes is a former census-designated place and incorporated town located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ...


Many new South and Central Americans, along with new Cuban refugees, have replaced the Cuban Americans who have relocated elsewhere in Florida (Fort Lauderdale, Orlando, Tampa Bay and West Palm Beach) and dispersed throughout the nation. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Broward Established 27 March 1911 Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Jim Naugle Area [1]  - City 36. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State Counties Orange Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 101 sq mi (261. ... The Tampa Bay area is a metropolitan area on the Gulf coast of west-central Florida. ... Nickname: Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida. ...


Cuban Americans live in all 50 states, Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico, which received thousands of anti-Castro refugees as well in the 1960s, and Cuban American population growth is found in California, Georgia, Illinois, New York, North Carolina, Virginia and Indiana. For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ...


Cuban Americans have been very successful in establishing businesses and developing political clout by transforming Miami from a beach retirement community into a modern city with a distinct Caribbean flavor.


Cuban American culture

Political beliefs

Cuban Americans tend to be significantly more conservative politically than other Latino groups in the United States and form a major voting block for the Republican Party in the state of Florida. Many Cuban Americans are deeply resentful of the Castro regime. As such, they are more in tune with the strong anti-communist stance of the GOP. GOP redirects here. ...


While Cuban Americans find themselves on common ground with some Republican stances on issues such as taxation and the military, they tend to be more socially moderate. For instance, according to the Latino National Political Survey, Cuban Americans tend to be more supportive of abortion than other Hispanic groups.


The failed Bay of Pigs invasion, and its association with John F. Kennedy, left many Cubans distrustful of the Democratic Party. Ronald Reagan, on the other hand, is particularly popular in the Cuban exile community (there's a street in Miami named for Reagan). The return of Elián González by the Clinton administration contributed to the community's Republican-oriented political views. Combatants Cubans trained by Soviet advisors Cuban exiles trained by United States Commanders Fidel Castro José Ramón Fernández Ernesto Che Guevara Francisco Ciutat de Miguel Grayston Lynch Pepe San Roman Erneido Oliva Strength 51,000 1,500 Casualties various estimates; over 1,600 dead[1] to 5,000... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... Reagan redirects here. ... Elián González (born December 6, 1993) was at the center of a heated custody and immigration battle in 2000 involving the Cuban and United States governments, his father, his Miami and Cuban relatives, and the Cuban American community of Miami. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...


Food

See also: Cuban cuisine

Cuban food is varied, though rice is a staple and commonly served at lunch and dinner. Other common dishes are arroz con pollo (chicken and rice), pan con bistec (steak sandwich), platanos maduros (sweet plantains), lechon asado (pork), yuca (Cassava root), flan, batido de mamey (mamey milkshake), papayas, and guava paste. Cuban cuisine is a fusion of Spanish, African and Caribbean cuisines. ... Cuban cuisine is the fusion of Spanish and Caribbean cuisines. ... Arroz con Pollo means Rice with chicken in Spanish. ... A steak (from Old Norse steik, roast) is a slice from a larger piece of meat, typically from red meat like beef, or fish. ... This article is about the food item. ... Species Musa × paradisiaca A big load of plantains in Masaya, Nicaragua The plantain (pronounced [ˈplænteɪn] or [ˈplæntɪn][1]) is a species of the genus Musa and is generally used for cooking, in contrast to the soft, sweet banana (which is sometimes called the dessert banana). ... For other uses, see Pork (disambiguation). ... Yuca or Yuka has been used as a semi despective term reffering to Metal and Rock music derivations and their followers (called Yuqueros). The term is used in Latin American countrys, thought most popularly in Venezuela. ... Binomial name Manihot esculenta Crantz The cassava or manioc (Manihot esculenta; also yuca in Spanish, mandioca, aipim, or macaxeira in Portuguese, and mandio in Guaraní) is a woody perennial shrub of the spurge family, that is extensively cultivated as an annual crop for its edible starchy tuberous root. ... Flan may refer to any of the following: a flan IS a pie it says so on the pie page, it is a tart which is a pie, so there In British English usage, flan may be various kinds of tart or cake with a sweet or savoury filling, often... A strawberry milkshake topped with whipped cream and strawberry syrup A milkshake is a sweet, cold beverage which is made from milk, ice cream, and sweet flavourings such as fruit syrup or chocolate sauce (in Canada and most regions of the United States, and the United Kingdom. ... Binomial name L. This article is about the fruit. ... Species About 100 species, see text. ...


Cubans also have a different pizza they make. The bread is usually much softer, and the sauce is made with more spices such as Adoba and Goya onion. Picadillo, beef shredded with tomato, green peppers, green olives, and a lot of garlic, is a another popular Cuban dish. It is hash which some Cubans call " Sloppy Joe". It is frequently served with black beans, and a deep-fried plantain. Look up hash in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Beverages

Materva is a yerba mate soft drink popular among Cuban Americans.
Materva is a yerba mate soft drink popular among Cuban Americans.

Cubans often drink a small cup of coffee called a cafecito. It is usually espresso with a sugar foam on top called espumita. It is also popular to add milk, which is called a cortadito for a small cup or a cafe con leche for a larger cup. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Materva is a soft drink trademark that was originally produced in Cuba. ... Binomial name A. St. ...


A common soft drink is Materva, a Cuban soda made of yerba mate. Jupina, and Ironbeer were both Cuban-born soft drinks, which, since Castro's rise to power, are now produced in Miami. Materva is a soft drink trademark that was originally produced in Cuba. ... Binomial name A. St. ... Ironbeer is a soft drink that originated in Cuba in 1917. ...


Demographics

The ancestry of Cuban Americans comes from one primary European source:

and the other source is Africa Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ...


Other Europeans that have contributed slightly include:

During the 18th, 19th and early part of the 20th century, large waves of Canarian, Catalan, Andalusian and Galician emigrated to Cuba. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Languages Spanish language Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Latin peoples, including other Spanish peoples The Canarians are an ethnic group or nation living in the archipelago of the Canary Islands (an autonomous community of Spain), near the coast of Western Africa. ... The Catalans are an ethnic group or nationality whose homeland is Catalonia, or the Principality of Catalonia (Catalan: Catalunya, or Principat de Catalunya), which is a historical region in southern Europe, embracing a territory situated in the north-east of Spain and an adjoining portion of southern France. ... The Andalusians are an ethnic and cultural group in Spain centered in the Andalusia region. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ...

Minor but significant ethnic influx is derived from diverse peoples from Middle East Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Canary_Islands. ... Languages Spanish language Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Latin peoples, including other Spanish peoples The Canarians are an ethnic group or nation living in the archipelago of the Canary Islands (an autonomous community of Spain), near the coast of Western Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Catalonia. ... The Catalans are an ethnic group or nationality whose homeland is Catalonia, or the Principality of Catalonia (Catalan: Catalunya, or Principat de Catalunya), which is a historical region in southern Europe, embracing a territory situated in the north-east of Spain and an adjoining portion of southern France. ... Image File history File links Bandera_de_Andalucía. ... The Andalusians are an ethnic and cultural group in Spain centered in the Andalusia region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Galicia. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Basque_Country. ... Language(s) Basque - few monoglots Spanish - 1,525,000 monoglots French - 150,000 monoglots Basque-Spanish - 600,000 speakers Basque-French - 76,000 speakers [4] other native languages Religion(s) Traditionally Roman Catholic The Basques (Basque: ) are an indigenous people[5] who inhabit parts of north-central Spain and southwestern... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...

In the most recent census in 2000 there were 1,241,685 Cuban Americans, both native and foreign born and represented 3.5% of all Hispanics in the US. About 88% of Cuban Americans identify themselves as being Caucasian or White Cuban, mostly Spanish. Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Look up Caucasian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Language(s) Spanish Religion(s) Predominantly Roman Catholic with Jewish Protestant Atheist and Agnostic minorities Related ethnic groups Spaniards Italians Portuguese French Andalusians Canarians Galician European White Hispanic White Argentine White Brazilian Jewish Cubans White American . ...


Economics

The median household income for Cuban Americans is $36,671, a figure higher than other Hispanic groups, but lower than for non-Hispanic whites.


In contrast, native-born Cuban Americans have a higher median income than even non-Hispanic whites, $50,000 as compared to $48,000 for non-Hispanic whites.


Education

25% of Cuban Americans have a college education, about twice the average of all other Hispanic groups, and lower than that of non-Hispanic whites, of which 30% are college graduates.[citation needed]


However, 39% of native-born Cuban Americans have a college degree or higher, as compared to only 30% of non-Hispanic whites, and 12% for all other Hispanic groups.[citation needed]


Religion

Due to Spanish influence, most Cuban Americans belong to the Roman Catholic Church. However, there are many Protestant (primarily Pentecostal), spiritualist (involved in Santeria), nonreligious, and Jewish Cuban Americans. Catholic Church redirects here. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. ... Spiritualism is a religion in which contact with the spirits of the dead through a medium is central. ... Lukumí or Regla de Ocha, most widely known as Santeria, is a set of related religious systems that fuse Catholic beliefs with traditional Yorùbá beliefs. ... Jewish Cubans, Cuban Jews, or Cubans of Jewish heritage, have lived on the island of Cuba for centuries. ...


Immigration policy

Before the 1980s, all refugees from Cuba were welcomed into the United States as political refugees. This changed in the 1990s so that only Cubans who reach U.S. soil are granted refuge under the "wet feet, dry feet policy". Cuban immigration also continues with an allotted number of Cubans (20,000 per year) provided legal U.S. visas. For the similarly named episode of CSI: Miami, see Wet Foot/Dry Foot. ...


According to a U.S. Census 1970 report, Cuban Americans as well as Latinos lived in all 50 states. But as later Census reports demonstrated, the majority of Cuban immigrants settled in south Florida. A new trend in the late 1990s showed that fewer immigrants arrived from Cuba than previously. While U.S. born Cuban Americans moved out of their enclaves, other nationalities settled there. For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ...


In late 1999, U.S. news media focused on the case of Elián González, the 6-year-old Cuban boy caught in a custody battle between his relatives in Miami and his father in Cuba. The fiasco ended on April 22, 2000, when INS agents took Elián González to the Cuban Interests Section in Washington, D.C. From there, his father took him back to Cuba. This article is about the year. ... Elián González (born December 6, 1993) was at the center of a heated custody and immigration battle in 2000 involving the Cuban and United States governments, his father, his Miami and Cuban relatives, and the Cuban American community of Miami. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...


Political Representation

There are now four Cuban American members of the United States House of Representatives and two Senators (Mel Martinez of Florida, and Bob Menendez of New Jersey) in the United States Senate, as well as the Cuban American Secretary of Commerce, Carlos M. Gutierrez. Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Melquíades Rafael Mel Martínez (born October 23, 1946) is a Cuban-American, who is currently the junior United States Senator from Florida and the General Chairman of the Republican Party. ... Robert Bob Menendez (born January 1, 1954) is a Democratic Senator from New Jersey. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... The office of the U.S. Secretary of Commerce in the mid-20th century. ...


In 2006 Marco Rubio became Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives. Eduardo Aguirre served as Vice Chairman of the Export-Import Bank of the United States in the George W. Bush administration and later named Director of Immigration and Naturalization Services under the Department of Homeland Security. In 2006, Eduardo Aguirre was named US ambassador to Spain. Cuban Americans have also served other high profile government jobs including White House Chief of Staff, John H. Sununu. Marco Rubio is the Speaker-Designate in the Florida House of Representatives for the 2007 Legislative session. ... The Florida House of Representatives, one of the two Chambers of the Florida Legislature, is composed of 120 members, each representing a district. ... The Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank, Exim Bank or Eximbank) is the official export credit agency of the United States Government. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Joshua B. Bolten, the current White House Chief of Staff. ... Governor John H. Sununu John Henry Sununu, PhD (born July 2, 1939) is a former Governor of New Hampshire (1983-89) and former White House Chief of Staff under President George H. W. Bush. ...


Cuban Americans also serve in high ranking judicial positions as well, Danny Boggs is the current chief judge of United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit and Raoul G. Cantero, III, is a Florida Supreme Court justice. Danny Julian Boggs (born in Havana, Cuba, October 23, 1944) is the Chief Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: Western and Eastern Districts of Kentucky Western and Eastern Districts of Michigan Northern and Southern Districts of Ohio Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Tennessee... Raoul G. Cantero, III (b. ...


See also

... Language(s) American English Spanish Spanish in the United States Ladino Religion(s) Predominantly Roman Catholic Protestant Agnostic or Atheist Jewish minorities Related ethnic groups French Americans Italian Americans Portuguese American Footnotes Excludes those not identified as Hispanic or Latino. ... Language(s) Spanish Religion(s) Predominantly Roman Catholic with Jewish Protestant Atheist and Agnostic minorities Related ethnic groups Spaniards Italians Portuguese French Andalusians Canarians Galician European White Hispanic White Argentine White Brazilian Jewish Cubans White American . ... Cuba is 90 miles (145 kilometres) south of Florida in the US The term Cuban exile refers to the many Cubans who have sought alternative political or economic conditions outside the island, dating back to the Ten Years War and the struggle for Cuban independence during the 19th century. ... The United States embargo against Cuba (described in Cuba as el bloqueo, Spanish for the blockade) is an economic, commercial and financial embargo imposed on Cuba by the United States on February 7, 1962. ... Cuba and the United States of America have had a mutual interest in one another since well before either of their independence movements. ... This is a list of famous Cuban Americans. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not include all significant viewpoints. ... This article deals with the white population of Latin America. ... Languages Portuguese, Spanish, and others Religions Predominantly Christian (mainly Roman Catholic); minorities practicing Judaism, Islam, or no religion An entry was temporarily removed here. ... This article is about U.S. white Hispanic residents. ...

References

  1. ^ Etat des propriétés rurales appartenant à des Français dans l'île de Cuba from http://www.cubagenweb.org

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
CUBAN-AMERICAN RELATIONS (3487 words)
CARDENAS: Cuban Americans simply are not the type of people that stand idly by when they see something is wrong and when they feel they've been wronged.
Cubans have a strong sense of nationalism, shaped by their history.
Cubans fought guerilla wars to seek independence from Spain in the 19th Century.
Cuban American - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1279 words)
Numerous Cuban families lived and worked in the area known as Ybor City near Tampa, and there are many third and fourth generation Cuban Americans who trace their Cuban heritage directly to this early immigration.
Cuban food is varied, though rice is a staple and commonly served at lunch and dinner.
Cuban Americans have been very successful in establishing businesses and developing political clout by transforming Miami from a beach retirement community into a modern city with a distinct Hispanic flavor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m