FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Cryptomeria
Cryptomeria japonica
Jōmon Sugi(Japanese:縄文杉), the largest specimen of Cryptomeria known, on Yakushima, Japan
Jōmon Sugi(Japanese:縄文杉), the largest specimen of Cryptomeria known, on Yakushima, Japan
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Cupressaceae
Genus: Cryptomeria
Species: C. japonica
Binomial name
Cryptomeria japonica
(L.f.) D.Don

Cryptomeria is a genus of conifer in the cypress family Cupressaceae formerly belonging to the family Taxodiaceae; it includes only one species, Cryptomeria japonica (syn.: Cupressus japonica L.f.) . It is endemic to Japan, where it is known as Sugi (Japanese: 杉); this vernacular name is increasingly being used as the English name as well, replacing the old, botanically inaccurate name "Japanese Cedar"—the tree is not related to the cedars (Cedrus). Image File history File linksMetadata Jhomonsugi_in_Yaku_Island_Japan_001. ... Yakushima ) is an island of about 500km² and roughly 15 000 islanders to the south of KyÅ«shÅ« in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn2. ... Near Threatened (NT) is an conservation status assigned to species or lower taxa which may be considered threatened with extinction in the near future, although it does not currently qualify for the threatened status. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † “Conifer” redirects here. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † “Conifer” redirects here. ... Families Pinaceae, pine family Araucariaceae, araucaria family Podocarpaceae, yellow-wood family Phyllocladaceae Sciadopityaceae, umbrella-pine family Cupressaceae, cypress family Cephalotaxaceae, plum-yew family Taxaceae, yew family The Order Pinales in the Division Pinophyta, Class Pinopsida comprises all the extant conifers. ... Genera Actinostrobus Athrotaxis Austrocedrus Callitris - Cypress-pine Callitropsis - Cypress * (Cupressus) Calocedrus - Incense-cedar Chamaecyparis - Cypress Cryptomeria - Sugi Cunninghamia - Cunninghamia Cupressus - Cypress Diselma - Diselma Fitzroya - Alerce Fokienia - Fujian Cypress Glyptostrobus - Chinese Swamp Cypress Juniperus - Juniper Libocedrus Metasequoia - Dawn Redwood Microbiota - Microbiota Neocallitropsis Papuacedrus * (Libocedrus) Pilgerodendron * (Libocedrus) Platycladus - Chinese Arborvitae Sequoia - Coast... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Portrait by Jonas Forslund Carl von Linné or Carolus Linnaeus the Younger (20 January 1741 – 1 November 1783) was a Swedish naturalist. ... David Don (21 December 1799 - 15 December 1841) was an English botanist, Professor of Botany at Kings College, London from 1836–1841, and librarian at the Linnean Society of London from 1822–1841. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † “Conifer” redirects here. ... Genera Actinostrobus Athrotaxis Austrocedrus Callitris - Cypress-pine Callitropsis - Cypress * (Cupressus) Calocedrus - Incense-cedar Chamaecyparis - Cypress Cryptomeria - Sugi Cunninghamia - Cunninghamia Cupressus - Cypress Diselma - Diselma Fitzroya - Alerce Fokienia - Fujian Cypress Glyptostrobus - Chinese Swamp Cypress Juniperus - Juniper Libocedrus Metasequoia - Dawn Redwood Microbiota - Microbiota Neocallitropsis Papuacedrus * (Libocedrus) Pilgerodendron * (Libocedrus) Platycladus - Chinese Arborvitae Sequoia - Coast... Genera Actinostrobus Athrotaxis Austrocedrus Callitris - Cypress-pine Callitropsis - Cypress * (Cupressus) Calocedrus - Incense-cedar Chamaecyparis - Cypress Cryptomeria - Sugi Cunninghamia - Cunninghamia Cupressus - Cypress Diselma - Diselma Fitzroya - Alerce Fokienia - Fujian Cypress Glyptostrobus - Chinese Swamp Cypress Juniperus - Juniper Libocedrus Metasequoia - Dawn Redwood Microbiota - Microbiota Neocallitropsis Papuacedrus * (Libocedrus) Pilgerodendron * (Libocedrus) Platycladus - Chinese Arborvitae Sequoia - Coast... The Taxodiaceae was at one time regarded as a distinct plant family comprising the following ten genera of coniferous trees: Athrotaxis Cryptomeria Cunninghamia Glyptostrobus Metasequoia Sciadopitys Sequoia Sequoiadendron Taiwania Taxodium However, recent research has shown that the Taxodiaceae, with the single exception of Sciadopitys, should be merged into the Family... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... In scientific classification, synonymy is the existence of multiple systematic names to label the same organism. ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... For other uses, see Cedar (disambiguation). ...

Cryptomeria japonica: (left) shoot with mature cones and immature male cones at top; (centre) adult foliage shoot; (right) juvenile foliage shoot
Cryptomeria japonica: (left) shoot with mature cones and immature male cones at top; (centre) adult foliage shoot; (right) juvenile foliage shoot
Close-up of cone.
Close-up of cone.

Foliage of Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica). ... Foliage of Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica). ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,872 × 2,592 pixels, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,872 × 2,592 pixels, file size: 3. ...

Description

It is a very large evergreen tree, reaching up to 70 m (230 ft) tall and 4 m (12 ft) trunk diameter, with red-brown bark which peels in vertical strips. The leaves are arranged spirally, needle-like, 0.5–1 cm long; and the seed cones globular, 1–2 cm diameter with about 20–40 scales. It is superficially similar to the related Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), from which it can be differentiated by the longer leaves (under 0.5 cm in the Giant Sequoia) and smaller cones (4–6 cm in the Giant Sequoia), and the harder bark on the trunk (thick, soft and spongy in Giant Sequoia). This article is about plant types. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Lindl. ...


Sugi (and Hinoki) pollen is a major cause of hayfever in Japan. Binomial name Chamaecyparis obtusa (Siebold & Zucc. ... SEM image of pollen grains from a variety of common plants: sunflower (Helianthus annuus), morning glory (Ipomoea purpurea), prairie hollyhock (Sidalcea malviflora), oriental lily (Lilium auratum), evening primrose (Oenothera fruticosa), and castor bean (Ricinus communis). ... For the play, see Hay Fever. ...


Sugi has been so long-cultivated in China that it is thought by some to be native there. Forms selected for ornament and timber production long ago in China have been described as a distinct variety Cryptomeria japonica var. sinensis (or even a distinct species, Cryptomeria fortunei), but they do not differ from the full range of variation found in the wild in Japan, and there is no definite evidence the species ever occurred wild in China.


Symbolism and uses

Kayano-ō sugi in the shrine, (Japanese:栢野大杉)(big sugi in Kayao town) (Yamanaka onsen, Kaga city, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan), height 60 meters approx. and perimeter 9.6 meters at height of human chest, judged age 2,300 years in 1928. Also called Tenran no ō sugi which means Emperor (天皇, tennō?) Hirohito observed big sugi in 1947.
Kayano-ō sugi in the shrine, (Japanese:栢野大杉)(big sugi in Kayao town) (Yamanaka onsen, Kaga city, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan), height 60 meters approx. and perimeter 9.6 meters at height of human chest, judged age 2,300 years in 1928. Also called Tenran no ō sugi which means Emperor (天皇 tennō?) Hirohito observed big sugi in 1947.
Sugi avenue at the Togakushi shrine in Nagano.
Sugi avenue at the Togakushi shrine in Nagano.

Sugi is the national tree of Japan, commonly planted around temples and shrines, with many hugely impressive trees planted centuries ago. Sargent (1894; The Forest Flora of Japan) recorded the instance of a daimyo (feudal lord) who was too poor to donate a stone lantern at the funeral of the Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543–1616) at Nikkō Tōshō-gū, but requested instead to be allowed to plant an avenue of Sugi, "that future visitors might be protected from the heat of the sun". The offer was accepted; the avenue, which still exists, is over 65 km (40 miles) long, and "has not its equal in stately grandeur". Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Yamanaka (山中町; -machi) is a town located in Enuma District, Ishikawa, Japan. ... Outdoor pool, Naruko, Miyagi Guidebook to Hakone from 1811 An onsen ) is a Japanese hot spring. ... This article is about the city in Ishikawa prefecture, for the former province of Japan, see Kaga province. ... Ishikawa Prefecture ) is located in the Chubu region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Male Chest The chest is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals. ... Emperor Shōwa ) (April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989) was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from December 25, 1926 until his death in 1989. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,944 × 2,592 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,944 × 2,592 pixels, file size: 1. ... The upper shrine The middle shrine The lower shrine Sugi lined approach to the upper shrine The Togakushi shrine (Japanese: 戸隠神社) is a shrine in Togakushi, Nagano, Japan. ... Categories: Host cities of the Winter Olympic Games | Cities in Nagano Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ... A torii is a gate leading to a jinja. ... Daimyo Matsudaira Katamori visits the residence of a retainer. ... Minamoto no Yoritomo, the first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate Shōgun )   is supreme general of the samurai,a military rank and historical title in Japan. ... Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu The Tokugawa clan crest This is a Japanese name; the family name is Tokugawa Tokugawa Ieyasu (previously spelled Iyeyasu) January 31, 1543 – June 1, 1616) was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan which ruled from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until... Nikkō Tōshō-gÅ« (日光東照宮) is a Shinto shrine dedicated to Tokugawa Ieyasu, the founder of the Tokugawa line of shoguns in Japan. ...


It is also extensively used in forestry plantations in Japan and China, and is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree in other temperate areas, including Britain, Europe, and North America. A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... This article is about crop plantations. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


One very popular ornamental form is the cultivar "Elegans", which is notable for retaining juvenile foliage throughout its life, instead of developing normal adult foliage when one year old. The right hand specimen in the box photo is of this cultivar. It makes a small, shrubby tree 5–10m tall. This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ...

A forestry plantation of Cryptomeria
A forestry plantation of Cryptomeria

The wood is scented, reddish-pink in colour, lightweight but strong, waterproof and resistant to decay. It is favoured in Japan for all types of construction work as well as interior panelling, etc. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2661 KB) Summary Description: Forêt de cryptomerias dans les Hauts de Saint-Gilles, novembre 2004, La Réunion Source:Bouba Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Cryptomeria ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2661 KB) Summary Description: Forêt de cryptomerias dans les Hauts de Saint-Gilles, novembre 2004, La Réunion Source:Bouba Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Cryptomeria ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Panelling is a wallcovering constructed from interlocking wooden components. ...


Cryptomeria is used as a food plant by the larvae of some moths of the genus Endoclita including E. auratus, E. punctimargo and E. undulifer. A larval insect A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... For other uses, see Moths A moth is an insect closely related to the butterfly. ... Endoclita is a genus of moths of the family Hepialidae. ...


References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cryptomeria japonica description (1001 words)
Natural forest of Cryptomeria japonica in Akita (FFPRI 1996).
Trees monoecious, evergreen, up to 50(-65) m tall and up to 300 cm in diameter, with a conical crown and a straight, slender trunk.
Kojo, Y. A dendrochronological study of Cryptomeria japonica in Japan.
Cryptomeria - LoveToKnow 1911 (234 words)
CRYPTOMERIA, Or Japanese Cedar, a genus of conifers, containing a single species, C. japonica, native of China and Japan, which was introduced into Great Britain by the Royal Horticultural Society in 1844.
The narrow, pointed leaves are spirally arranged and persist for four or five years; the cones are small, globose and borne at the ends of the branchlets, the scales are thickened at the extremity and divided into sharply pointed lobes, three to five seeds are borne on each scale.
Cryptomeria is extensively used in Japan for reafforesting denuded lands, as it is a valuable timber tree; it is also planted to form avenues along the public roads.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m