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Encyclopedia > Crunk
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Crunk is a slang term with various uses; more specifically, crunk is a genre of hip hop music. Unlike the East Coast and West Coast style of hip hop, crunk has a high-energy and club-oriented feel. While other hip hop styles might involve a more conversational vocal delivery, crunk usually involves hoarse chants and repetitive, simple refrains. Lyrics are based on a rhythmic bounce, which is very effective in a club environment.[citation needed] Crunk may refer to: Crunk, a variety of hip hop or rap music Crunk & B, a type of music that combines crunk with rhythm and blues Crunk Juice (album), an album by Lil Jon & the Eastside Boyz Gangsta Crunk, an album by Daz Dillinger Crunk Rock, an album by Lil... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... East Coast hip hop is a style of hip hop music that originated in New York City during the early-1970s. ...


Looped drum machine rhythms are usually in the forefront of the mix, with the Roland TR-808 being especially popular.[1] A typical crunk song uses four bars of music, and is played at a fast tempo around 140-160 beats per minute, generated by electronic drums and synthesizers that repeat throughout the song, but sometimes includes a break towards the end of the song. Many of the drum machines and rhythms they produce were previously well known in specialty genres of dance music.[citation needed] A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... The Roland TR-808 Rhythm Composer was one of the first programmable drum machines (TR serving as an acronym for Transistor Rhythm). Introduced by the Roland Corporation in late 1980, it was originally manufactured for use as a tool for studio musicians to create demos. ...

Contents

Overview

The crunk genre originated in the early 1990s[citation needed], but did not become mainstream until the early 2000s. In the year 2003, the crunk genre had surprise hit singles with "Never Scared" (Bone Crusher, featuring Killer Mike and T.I.), "Salt Shaker" (Ying Yang Twins, featuring Lil Jon & The East Side Boyz), "Damn!" (YoungBloodZ featuring Lil Jon, and produced by Lil Jon), and most notably "Get Low" (Lil Jon & the East Side Boyz, featuring the Ying Yang Twins), which reached #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart. By 2004, crunk was in such high demand that superstar R&B singer Usher enlisted Lil Jon to produce his single "Yeah!" which went on to be the biggest hit of 2004, according to Billboard magazine. Lil Jon produced another number-one hit in 2004 with "Goodies" by R&B singer Ciara, featuring Petey Pablo. The release of Hustle and Flow and its Oscar for best original song, "It's Hard out Here for a Pimp", helped crunk reach mainstream American culture. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... I have listened to one song. ... Killer Mike (born Michael Render on April 20, 19??) is an African-American rapper, signed to Grind Time Official through the Selecto Hits imprint. ... This article is about the musician. ... The Ying Yang Twins are an Atlanta-based crunk rap duo consisting of Kaine (born Eric Jackson on December 16, 1978) and D-Roc (born Deongelo Holmes on February 23, 1979). ... Lil Jon is an Atlanta rap producer and vocalist. ... The YoungBloodZ are an American Southern rap duo from Atlanta, Georgia, comprised of members J-Bo (born Jeffrey Ray Grigsby on October 4, 1977) and Sean P (formerly known as Sean Paul, but changed his name to avoid confusion with the Jamaican reggae dancehall artist of the same name) (born... Jonathan Mortimer Smith[1] (born January 27, 1971)[2], better known by his stage name Lil Jon, is an American rapper, hype man, and producer. ... Kings of Crunk is the 2002 album by Lil Jon & the Eastside Boyz. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Usher Raymond IV (born October 14, 1978), is an American R&B/pop singer and actor who rose to fame in the mid-late 1990s. ... It has been suggested that Billboard be merged into this article or section. ... Ciara (born Ciara Princess Harris on October 25, 1985 in Austin, Texas)(IPA pronunciation: [1])is a Grammy Award-winning American singer, songwriter, dancer, record producer, and occasional actress. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Lil' Jon and the Eastside Boyz have several albums with crunk in the title, such as "Kings of Crunk", "Crunk Juice", "Get Crunk" and "We Still Crunk". Lil Jon & the East Side Boyz often claim (with little objection) to be the "Kings of Crunk".[citation needed]. Petey Pablo has been referred to as the "Godfather of Crunk"[citation needed], and Ciara as the "Princess of Crunk"[2] or as the the "First Lady of Crunk & B"[3]. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ciara (born Ciara Princess Harris on October 25, 1985 in Austin, Texas)(IPA pronunciation: [1])is a Grammy Award-winning American singer, songwriter, dancer, record producer, and occasional actress. ...


Etymology

Traditionally, crunk meant a hoarse, harsh cry.[4] The term is often used as slang to mean intoxicated or high on drugs. Folk etymology suggests the modern usage of crunk originated as a portmanteau of the words "crazy" and "drunk" or having been "cranked up" to a level of excitability at which one becomes "crunk". Rapper Lil Jon defined crunk as a "state of heightened excitement". Folk etymology is a term used in two distinct ways: A commonly held misunderstanding of the origin of a particular word, a false etymology. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... Jonathan Mortimer Smith[1] (born January 27, 1971)[2], better known by his stage name Lil Jon, is an American rapper, hype man, and producer. ...


The first popular figures to use the word were Atlanta rappers Outkast, who in their 1993 song and accompanying video "Player's Ball" said, "I gots in crunk if it ain't real ain't right". Outkast also mentions "crunk" in the song "Hootie Hoo" (which was released in 1994 on the same album Southernplayalisticadillacmuzik) and B.O.B. (Bombs Over Baghdad). This article is about the hip hop group. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the hip hop group. ... Southernplayalisticadillacmuzik is the debut music album by hip-hop duo OutKast. ... This article is about the Outkast single. ...


Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary gives the etymology for "crunk" as a "word of fluctuating meaning used during the 1990s in lyrics of the rap groups OutKast and Lil Jon & The East Side Boyz," and defines it as "a style of Southern rap music featuring repetitive chants and rapid dance rhythms."[5]


Notable Performers

Ciara (born Ciara Princess Harris on October 25, 1985 in Austin, Texas)(IPA pronunciation: [1])is a Grammy Award-winning American singer, songwriter, dancer, record producer, and occasional actress. ... Pastor Troy (born Micah Levar Troy in Augusta, Georgia on November 18, 1977) is an American rapper. ... Bohagon (born Cedric Leonard and raised in Talbotton, Georgia) is a member of BME Recordings led by Atlanta, Georgia rapper Lil Jon. ... Crime Mob is a hip hop/crunk group consisting of five members, M.I.G., Diamond, Cyco Black, and siblings Lil Jay and Princess. ... Lil Jon is an Atlanta rap producer and vocalist. ... Lil Scrappy (born Darryl Kevin Richardson II on January 19, 1984 in Atlanta, Georgia) is a rapper signed to BME Recordings. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Ying Yang Twins are an Atlanta-based crunk rap duo consisting of Kaine (born Eric Jackson on December 16, 1978) and D-Roc (born Deongelo Holmes on February 23, 1979). ... DeAndre Way (born on July 28, 1990 in Chicago, Illinois), better known by his stage name, Soulja Boy, is an American rapper, best known for the dance and song called Crank That (Soulja Boy). // DeAndre was born in Chicago, Illinois, and moved to Atlanta, Georgia at the age of six. ... The YoungBloodZ are an American Southern rap duo from Atlanta, Georgia, comprised of members J-Bo (born Jeffrey Ray Grigsby on October 4, 1977) and Sean P (formerly known as Sean Paul, but changed his name to avoid confusion with the Jamaican reggae dancehall artist of the same name) (born... Armando Christian Pérez (born 14 January 1981, in Miami, Florida) better known by his stage name Pitbull, or his other nicknames, Lil Chico or Mr. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hypnotize Minds (also spelled Hypnotize Mindz) (or called Hypnotize Camp Posse, Tear Da Club Up Thugs, and Da Headbussaz) is a record label (orginal name was Prophet Entertainment) started by Three 6 Mafia and the extended collective of rappers around in-house producers Juicy J and DJ Paul. ... Three 6 Mafia (formerly Triple 6 Mafia) is an American hip hop group originating from Memphis, Tennessee. ... Lil Wyte (born Patrick Lanshaw)(c. ... Patrick Stephen Houston (born 1972), better known as Project Pat, is an American rapper from Memphis, Tennessee and close affiliate to Memphis rap group Three 6 Mafia. ... This article is about a musician. ... Jay Jenkins (born September 28, 1977 in Columbia, South Carolina) formerly known as Lil J currently known as Young Jeezy, is an American rapper. ... Family Force 5 (often abbreviated FF5, formerly known as The Phamily and The Brothers) is a Christian crossover crunk rock band from Atlanta, Georgia. ...

See also

Hyphy (pronounced HI-fee; IPA: ) is a style of music and dance primarily associated with the Bay Area hip hop culture. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Rap rock is a hybrid of rap and rock music. ... Snap music is a subgenre of hip hop music that emerged from Atlanta, Georgia. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ TV interview with Lil Jon, arte Tracks, December 2004
  2. ^ Lauren Gitlin (2004-08-20). Ciara, Princess of Crunk. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-12-13.
  3. ^ Ciara: Biography. VH1. Retrieved on 2007-12-13.
  4. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  5. ^ [1]
The Arte building in Strasbourg Arte (Association Relative à la Télévision Européenne) is a Franco-German TV network, which aims to promote quality programming related to the world of arts and culture. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Rap redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... DJ Mixer. ... Hip hop is a subculture, which is said to have begun with the work of DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five, and Afrika Bambaattaa. ... A boy hitting (holding) a pike Breakdance (media coined phrase), also known as breaking, b-girling or b-boying, is a street dance style that evolved as part of the hip hop movement that originated among African American youths in the South Bronx of New York City during the early... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Faada Freddy of the Senegalese rap crew Daara J in Germany, 2005. ... Hip hop dance refers to dance styles, mainly street dance styles, primarily danced to hip hop music, or that have evolved as a part of the hip hop culture. ... Hip Hop Theatre is a sub-genre of Hip-Hopera that came to the American stage in the late 20th century. ... The roots of hip hop can be found in 1970s block parties in New York City, specifically The Bronx[1]. Hip hop culture, including rapping, scratching, graffiti, and breakdancing. ... Old school hip hop is a term used to describe the very earliest hip hop music to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and 1980s. ... New school hip hop is a rarely-heard term referring to hip hop created later in the forms development, contrasted with old school hip hop. ... The golden age of hip hop, derivative of old school hip hop, was probably introduced with the popularity of Run-DMCs 1986 album Raising Hell. ... See also: Category:Hip hop genres Hip hop music can be subdivided into subgenres, fusions with other genres and regional hip hop scenes. ... This is a list of influential albums in the history of hip hop music. ... Hip hop music was primarily limited to its country of origin, the United States, until the 1980s, at which point it reached into other countries and continents until its presence was worldwide. ... Hip hop music has been popular in Africa since the early 1980s due to widespread American influence. ... Cover of sampler CD (2003) This article is about hip hop music and culture originating in the Arabic-speaking world. ... Asian Hip Hop is a heterogeneous musical genre that covers all hip hop music as recorded and produced by artists of Asian origin. ... European hip hop is hip hop music created by European musicians. ... Latin rap is not a homogeneous musical style but rather a term that covers all Hip-Hop music recorded by artists of Latino origin. ... This article is about hip hop music and culture originating in the Middle East. ... Hip hop is quite a new style of music for Bosnia and Herzegovina, but it has nevertheless proven very popular. ... Dominican hip hop has its own style of hip hop music by mixing its native music and rapping to it like in the genres Merenrap or Merenhouse where they just take a blend of their native dance music called Merengue and rap to it. ... Greenlandic hip hop began in 1985 with the formation of the Inuit rap crew Nuuk Posse, though hip hop music first came to Greenland a year earlier. ... Rap marocain Moroccan rap ---- (more info) Stage 2 : In Progress (How-to) Its an interesting translation about Morocco Spy-jones 13:44, 31 May 2007 (UTC) This article didnt exist in English-language Wikipedia Spy-jones 20%   00:16, 1 June 2007 (UTC) Join this translation   ---   Update this... Native American hip hop is popular among Native Americans in the United States and the First Nations of Canada. ... Nepalese hip hop music, also referred to as NEPHOP, has a slight blend of Nepalese traditional music, western popular music, with lyrics that are usually altruistic and depicting the present Nepalese political and economic situation. ... Serbian hip hop refers to all genres of hip hop music in the Serbian language, mostly from Serbia, Republika Srpska (BiH), and Montenegro. ... Taiwanese hip hop music started in the early 1990s, popularized by early hip hop trio L.A. Boyz. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Urban Dictionary: crunk (621 words)
Ice T just happened to be on the show that night, and he likely fed the word to them beforehand and certainly helped fuel its popularity during the telecast ("That was seriously crunked up, right there.").
Crunk is also thought to be derived from a combination or a portmanteau of the words "crazy" and "drunk", or a combination of "chronic" and "drunk", referring to the state of being both drunk from alcohol and high on marijuana, at the same time.
krunk crunk rap krunk rap be a prude sloshed
Crunk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1320 words)
Crunk is classified as a subdivision of Dirty South or Southern rap and is an outgrowth of Miami-based Miami bass and New Orleans bounce music.
By 2005, however, it was widely perceived that crunk was on the wane, with its appeal primarily confined to its birthplace of Memphis and in places in Atlanta.
Crunk is also thought to be derived from a combination or a portmanteau of the words "crazy" and "drunk", or a combination of "chronic" and "drunk", referring to the state of being both drunk from alcohol and high on marijuana, at the same time.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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