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Encyclopedia > Crozet Islands
Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet
Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet

The Crozet Islands (French: Îles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. Image File history File links Orthographic_projection_centred_over_the_Iles_Crozet File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Orthographic_projection_centred_over_the_Iles_Crozet File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Greek ἀνταρκτικός, opposite the arctic) is a continent surrounding the Earths South Pole. ... An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... The French Southern Territories (long name: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French: Territoire des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises or TAAF) are antarctic, volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Africa and about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia. ...

Contents


Geography

There are 6 mostly volcanic islands (not counting tiny satellite islands and rocks nearby those main islands) forming an island arc. The following table gives an overview of the islands, from West to East: Eruption redirects here. ... An island arc is a type of archipelago formed by plate tectonics as one oceanic tectonic plate subducts under another and produces magma. ...

No. Island (English) Area (km2) Height (m) Highest Peak Location
1 Île aux Cochons (Pig Island) 67 826 Mont Richard-Foy 46°06′S 50°14′E
2 Brisants de l'Héroïne (Heroine Breakers) or
Rochers de la Meurthe (Meurthe Rocks)
0 5   46°13′S 50°22′E
3 Île des Pingouins (Penguin Island) 3 340 Mont des Manchots 46°27′S 50°23′E
4 Îlots des Apôtres (Apostle Islets) 2 289 Mont Pierre 45°58′S 50°27′E
5 Île de la Possession (Possession Island) 150 934 Pic du Mascarin 46°24′S 51°46′E
6 Île de l'Est (East Island) 130 1090 Mont Marion-Dufresne 46°26′S 52°18′E
  ÎLES CROZET (CROZET ISLANDS) 352 1090 Mont Marion-Dufresne 45°57' to 46°29'S
50°10' to 52°19'E
Map of the Crozet Islands
Map of the Crozet Islands

The Crozet Islands are uninhabited, except for the research station Alfred Faure (Port Alfred) on the East side of Île de la Possession, which has been continuously manned since 1963. Further scientific stations have been La Grande Manchotière and La Petite Manchotière. Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... The Crozet Islands (French ÃŽles Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Download high resolution version (1279x784, 205 KB)From the Perry-Castañeda Library. ... Download high resolution version (1279x784, 205 KB)From the Perry-Castañeda Library. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Subgroups

  • Islands 1 through 4 are collectively known as L'Occidental (Western Group)
  • Island 2 is actually a group of two major rocks 10 km South of Île aux Cochons
  • Island 4 is actually a group of three islands, Grand Île (1.2 km2), Petite Île, Île Donjon, and nine pinnacle rocks with elevations between 15 and 122 meters
  • Islands 5 and 6 are collectively known as L'Oriental (Eastern Group)

The Eastern and Western Groups are 94,5 km apart (from Île des Pingouins to Île de la Possession). Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ...


Geology

Analysis of magnetic anomalies on the sea floor indicates that the Crozet Plateau, of which the islands form the highest points, formed some 50 million years ago. The islands are of volcanic origin, and basalt dating to at least 8.8 million years back has been found. This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Basalt Basalt is an extrusive igneous rock, sometimes porphyritic, and is often both fine-grained and dense. ...


Climate

The Crozet Islands are not currently glaciated. Precipitation is, with over 2000 mm per year, very abundant. It rains on average 300 days a year, and winds exceeding 100 km/h occur on 100 days a year. The temperatures may rise to 18°C in summer and rarely go below 5°C even in winter. A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ...


History

The Crozet Islands were first discovered by the expedition of Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, a French explorer, who landed on January 24, 1772 on Île de la Possession, claiming the archipelago for France. He named the islands after his second-in-command Jules Crozet. (He had already named Marion Island after himself...) Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne (1724 - 1772) was a French explorer. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about a small sub-antarctic island. ...


In the early 19th century, the islands were often visited by sealers, to the extent that the seals had been nearly exterminated by 1835. Subsequently, whaling was the main activity around the islands, especially by the whalers from Massachusetts. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... subfamilies Otariidae Phocidae Odobenidae Pinnipeds are large marine mammals belonging to the Pinnipedia, a family (sometimes a suborder or superfamily, depending on the classification scheme) of the order Carnivora. ... 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch Whaling is the hunting and killing of whales. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 44th 27,360 km² 305 km 80 km 25. ...


Shipwrecks occurred frequently at the Crozet Islands. The British sealer Princess of Wales sank in 1821, and the survivors spent two years on the islands. In 1887, the French Tamaris was wrecked and her crew stranded on Île des Cochons. They tied a note to the leg of a Giant Petrel, which was found seven months later in Fremantle. Alas, the crew was never recovered. Because shipwrecks around the islands were so common, the Royal Navy for some time sent a ship every few years there to look for stranded survivors. 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... Species (Gmelin, 1789) (Mathews, 1912) The giant petrels are two large seabirds from the genus Macronectes. ... Fremantle is a city located within the Perth metropolitan area on Australias western coast, at the mouth of the Swan River, 19 kilometres south from Perths Central Business District. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ...


France originally administered the islands as a dependency of Madagascar, but they became part of the French Southern Territories in 1955. In 1961, a first research station was set up, but it wasn't until 1963 that the permanent station Albert Faure opened at Port Albert on Île de la Possession (both named after the first leader of the station). The station is staffed by 18 to 30 people (depending on the season) and does meteorological, biological, and geological research and maintains a seismograph. The French Southern Territories (long name: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, French: Territoire des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises or TAAF) are antarctic, volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean, south of Africa and about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Satellite image of Hurricane Hugo with a polar low visible at the top of the image. ... Main articles: Life The most salient example of biological universality is that all living things share a common carbon-based biochemistry and in particular pass on their characteristics via genetic material, which is based on nucleic acids such as DNA and which uses a common genetic code with only minor... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... Seismographs (in Greek seismos = earthquake and graphein = write) are used by seismologists to record seismic waves. ...


Biology

The Crozet Islands are home to four species of penguins. Most abundant are the Macaroni Penguin, of which some 2 million pairs breed on the islands, and the King Penguin. The Eastern Rockhopper Penguin also can be found, and there is a small colony of Gentoo Penguins, too. Genera Aptenodytes Eudyptes Eudyptula Megadyptes Pygoscelis Spheniscus Penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are an order of flightless birds living in the southern hemisphere. ... Binomial name Eudyptes chrysolophus (Brandt, 1837) The Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus) is a species of penguin closely related to the Rockhopper Penguin. ... Binomial name Aptenodytes patagonicus Miller,JF,, 1778 The King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) is the second largest species of penguin at about 900 mm (3 ft) tall and weighing 11 to 15 kg (24 to 33 lb), second only to the Emperor Penguin. ... Binomial name Eudyptes chrysocome Forster,, 1781 The Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome) is a species of penguin closely related to the Macaroni Penguin. ... Binomial name Pygoscelis papua Forster, 1781 The Gentoo Penguin (Pygoscelis papua) is easily recognised by the wide white stripe extending like a bonnet across the top of its head. ...


Other animals living on the Crozet Islands include fur seals, Southern Elephant Seals, petrels, and albatross, including the Wandering Albatross. Genera Callorhinus Arctocephalus Fur seals make up one of the two distinct groups of mammals called seals. Both the fur seals and the true seals are members of the Pinnipedia, which is usually regarded as a suborder of the order Carnivora but sometimes as an independent order. ... Binomial name Mirounga leonina Linnaeus,, 1758 The Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina) is one of two species of elephant seal (the other is the Northern Elephant Seal). ... The petrels are seabirds in the bird order Procellariiformes. ... Genera Diomedea Thalassarche Phoebastria Phoebetria The albatrosses are seabirds in the family Diomedeidae, which is closely allied to the procellarids, storm-petrels and diving-petrels in the order Procellariiformes (the tubenoses). ... Binomial name Diomedea exulans Linnaeus, 1758 The best known Albatross is the Wandering Albatross (Diomedea exulans), which occurs in all parts of the Southern Oceans. ...


The Crozet Islands are a nature reserve since 1938. Introduction of foreign species (mice, rats, subsequently cats as a pest control) has caused severe damage to the original ecosystem. The pigs once introduced on Île des Cochon and the goats brought to Île de la Possession—both as a food resource—have been exterminated. 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Feral mouse A mouse is a mammal that belongs to one of numerous species of small rodents in the genus Mus and various related genera of the family Muridæ (Old World Mice). ... Species 50 species; see text *Several subfamilies of Muroids include animals called rats. ... Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus (Linnaeus, 1758) This article is about the domestic cat. ... In ecology, the word ecosystem is an abbreviation of the term, ecological system. ... Species Sus barbatus Sus bucculentus Sus cebifrons Sus celebensis Sus domesticus Sus heureni Sus philippensis Sus salvanius Sus scrofa Sus timoriensis Sus verrucosus Pigs are ungulates native to Eurasia collectively grouped under the genus Sus within the Suidae family. ... This article is about goats, the animals. ...


An on-going concern is the overfishing of the Patagonian Toothfish and the monitoring of the Albatross population. The waters of the Crozet Islands are patrolled not only by the French but also by Greenpeace. Overfishing is a situation where one or more fish stocks are reduced below predefined levels of acceptance by fishing activities. ... Binomial name Dissostichus eleginoides Smitt, 1898 The Patagonian Toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) is a large, slender fish found in the cold, temperate waters (from 50 to 3850m) of the Southern Atlantic, Southern Pacific, Indian and Southern Oceans on seamounts and continental shelves around most sub-Antarctic islands. ... Genera Diomedea Thalassarche Phoebastria Phoebetria The albatrosses are seabirds in the family Diomedeidae, which is closely allied to the procellarids, storm-petrels and diving-petrels in the order Procellariiformes (the tubenoses). ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ...


See also

The French Overseas Departments and Territories (often abbreviated DOM-TOM for départements doutre-mer, territoires doutre-mer) consist broadly of French-administered or -claimed territories outside of Europe. ... Metropolitan (i. ... Indian Ocean Islands The following islands are in the Indian Ocean Réunion - (Overseas department and region) Mayotte - (Overseas collectivity entitled departmental collectivity) Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (all five have no permanent population) Bassas da India Europa Island Glorioso Islands Juan de Nova Island Tromelin Island French Southern... The sub-antarctic islands are the islands in the Southern Ocean around Antarctica. ...

External links

  • links to excellent maps of the islands
  • Further information
  • Further information

  Results from FactBites:
 
Crozet Islands - LoveToKnow 1911 (0 words)
CROZET ISLANDS, an uninhabited group in the Indian Ocean, in 46°-47° S. and 51° E. They are mountainous, with summits from 4000 to 5000 ft. high, and are disposed in two divisions - Penguin or Inaccessible, Hog, Possession and East Islands; and the Twelve Apostles.
Like Kerguelen, and other clusters in these southern waters, they appear to be of igneous formation; but owing to the bleak climate and their inaccessible character they are seldom visited, and have never been explored since their discovery in 1772 by Marion-Dufresne, after one of whose officers they are named.
Rabbits burrow in the heaps of scoria on the slopes of the mountains.
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (0 words)
The Crozet Islands (French: Îles Crozet; or, officially, Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean.
The Crozet Islands were first discovered by the expedition of Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, a French explorer, who landed on January 24, 1772 on Île de la Possession, claiming the archipelago for France.
The waters of the Crozet Islands are patrolled by both the French and Greenpeace.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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