FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Crown of Castile
Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile
Kingdom of Castile and León circa 1360

The starting point of Crown of Castile can be considered when the union of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon in 1230 or the later fusion of their Cortes (their Parlaments). In 1230, Ferdinad III is king of Castile and Leon (including the Kingdoms of Galicia and Asturias) A former kingdom in modern-day Spain, Castile (Spanish: Castilla; usually pronounced Cast-EEL in English) now compromises the regions of Old Castile in the north-west, and New Castile in the center of the country. ... The Cortes Generales (English: General Courts) is the Spanish legislature. ...


History

Two kingdoms: León and Castile

The Kingdom of Leon appeared after the Kingdom of Asturias. The Kingdom of Castile started as a County inside the Kingdom of Leon. The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina, or twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas nearby. ... The Kingdom of Asturias was the earliest Christian political entity to be established in the Iberian peninsula after the collapse of the Visigothic Kingdom under the twin pressure of internal conflict and external forces, where an Islamic contingent, the Moors, arrived in 711 as the foreign support for one of... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ...


The kingdoms of Leon and Castile had been united previously in two occasions:

  • In 1037 when Ferdinand I of Castile joins for the first time both kingdoms. At his death in 1065 the kingdoms are inherited in separate by his sons, following the Spanish tradition of the time consisting in dividing the kingdoms among the king's offspring, and for so, the kingdoms would be divided again.
  • In 1072 until 1157 under two kings: Alfonso VI of Castile and Alfonso VII of Castile. At the death of the last one, the kingdoms are divided again amongst his sons.

Ferdinand III of Castile (The Saint) receives from his mother (Berenguela) the Kingdom of Castile in 1217, and later, the Kingdom of León from his father (Alfonse IX of León) in 1230. From now on the two kingdoms would be united under the names of Kingdom of León and Castile, later as Crown of Castile. Ferdinand III will also conquer part of Andalusia and the Kingdom of Murcia to Al-Andalus. Ferdinand I of Castile, El Magno or the Great, (d. ... Alfonso VI (before June 1040 – July 1, 1109), nicknamed the Brave, was king of León from 1065 to 1109 and king of Castile since 1072 after his brothers death. ... Alfonso VII of Castile (March 1, 1104/5 - August 21, 1157), nicknamed the Emperor, was the king of Castile and Leon since 1126, son of Urraca of Castile and Count Raymond of Burgundy. ... Motto: Dominator Hercules Fundator Andalucía por sí, para España y la humanidad (Andalusia for herself, for Spain, and for humanity) Capital Seville Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 2nd  87 268 km²  17,2% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 1st  7 478 432  17,9%  85,70... Murcia (37°59′N 1°8′W) is a city and municipality on the river Segura in southeastern Spain and the capital of the Autonomous Community of Murcia. ... Al-Andalus is the Arabic name given the Iberian Peninsula by its Muslim conquerors; it refers to both the Caliphate proper and the general period of Muslim rule (711–1492). ...


The kings of the Crown of Castile had the titles of King of Leon, Castile, Toledo, Galice, Murcia, Jaen, Cordobe, Seville and Principal of Biscay and Moline


Main Articles Kingdom of León and Kingdom of Castile The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina (twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ...


The union of the Cortes

After the union of the kingdoms under the same king Ferdinand III, the parlament of both kingdoms will be united. There will representatives of Castile, León, Galicia, Toledo, Navarre and the basque provinces. To these, new representatives will be added from the conquered land to Al-Andalus: Cordoba, Murcia, Jaén, Seville, Granada, Gibraltar, Algeciras and Moline of Aragón. The kingdoms at firts will keep their laws (e.g. the citizen of Castile judged at the kingdom of Leon or Toledo would be judged under Castilian laws) The Cortes Generales (English: General Courts) is the Spanish legislature. ... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina (twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas... ... Though the details are largely legendary, the Kingdom of Navarre evolved from the county of Pamplona, its traditional capital, when the Vasconic leader Enneco Aresta (Iñigo Arista in Spanish) was chosen King in Pamplona (traditionally in 824) and led a local revolt against the Franks. ... Basque may refer to: Look up Basque in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Basque language The Basque people A basque (clothing) See also: The Basque Country, the homeland of the Basques Basque Country (autonomous community), an administrative division of Spain Basque nationalism Basque mythology Basque music Basque Nationalist Party Basque... Al-Andalus is the Arabic name given the Iberian Peninsula by its Muslim conquerors; it refers to both the Caliphate proper and the general period of Muslim rule (711–1492). ... Capital Murcia Area  - total  - % of Spain Ranked 9th 11 313 km² 2,2% Population  - Total (2003)  - % of Spain  - Density Ranked 10th 1 226 993 2,9% 108,46/km² Demonym  - English  - Spanish Murcian murciano/a Statute of Autonomy June 19, 1982 ISO 3166-2 MU Parliamentary representation  Congress seats  Senate... The City of Granada Alhambra, Courtyard of the Lions Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in Spain. ...


Under Alfonso X of Castile (The Wise), most of the Cortes will be together for both kingdoms (e.g. 1258 or 1261), there will be later separated Cortes as the ones in 1301 (in Burgos for Castile and in Zamora for Leon). The representatives of both kingdoms will demand united Cortes from then on. Alfonso X and his court. ... The cathedral Our Lady of Burgos. ... Zamora may refer to Geography Mexico Zamora de Hidalgo Zamora Municipality, Michoacán Spain Zamora, Spain Zamora (province) Venezuela Zamora Municipality, Aragua Zamora Municipality, Miranda People Ezequiel Zamora Bobby Zamora This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m