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Encyclopedia > Crown land

Crown land is a designated area belonging to the Crown, the equivalent of an entailed estate that passed with the monarchy and could not be alienated from it. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... The Crown is a term which is used to separate the government authority and property of the state in a kingdom from any personal influence and private assets held by the current Monarch. ... Estate: The term applies to land under ownership and as such is a generic term for a parcel of land held by an individual or family, common in early British Gentry. ... Places where monarchies maintain rule appear in blue. ... Title is a legal term for an owners interest in a piece of property. ...


In the United Kingdom and during the British Empire, the hereditary revenues of Crown lands were a feature until the start of the reign of George III when the Crown Estate was surrendered to the Parliament of Great Britain in return for a fixed civil list payment - the monarch retains the income from the Duchy of Lancaster. The concept of federal lands in the US was developed in parallel to that of Crown land in Canada and Australia. The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ... In the United Kingdom, the Crown Estate is a property portfolio associated with the monarchy. ... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... A civil list is a list of individuals to whom money is paid by the government. ... A not-so-nice duchy. ... Map of land managed by the US Federal Government Federal lands are lands for which ownership is claimed by the Federal Government. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from...


In the Austro-Hungarian Empire and its predecessor the Austrian Empire Crown lands were alternative administrative units to Duchys, as in the Kingdom of Poland and its successor, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... Anthem: Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) Capital Vienna Language(s) German Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Disestablished 1867 Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was an empire centred on what is modern day Austria that officially lasted from 1804... A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess. ... The Kingdom of Poland of the Jagiellons was the Polish state in the years between the death of Casimir III in 1370 and the Union of Lublin in 1569. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Contents

United Kingdom and its predecessor states

See Crown Estate. In the United Kingdom, the Crown Estate is a property portfolio associated with the monarchy. ...


The Commonwealth of Nations

In theory, also, state lands in the former British colonies were supposed to be vested in the crown, and they are called crown lands; actually, however, the various national legislatures have full control over them, including power of disposal. In the Commonwealth of Nations, the law concerning these lands has developed further. The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as the Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states, the majority of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom. ...


Australia

In Australia, Crown land comprises approximately half of all land[citation needed] even including well-populated New South Wales. Capital Sydney Government Const. ...


Crown land is held in the 'right of the Crown' of either a State or the Commonwealth, there is not a single 'Crown' (as a legal governmental entity) in Australia (see The Crown). The Crown is a term which is used to separate the government authority and property of the state in a kingdom from any personal influence and private assets held by the current Monarch. ...


Crown land is used for such things as airports (Commonwealth) and public utilities (usually State).


In Tasmania, the management of Crown land is governed by the Crown Lands Act 1976. Capital Hobart Government Const. ...


Canada

In Canada, about 89% of Canada's massive land area is Crown land. About 41% of Canada's land is controlled by the federal government and 48% by provincial governments. The majority of federal owned land comprises of almost all of the Canadian territories (Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon) administered on behalf of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. The remaining 11% of Canadian territory is in private hands.[1] Only 4% of provincial land is owned by the federal government, with 10.6% in Alberta. On the contrary, provincial crown land in some provinces is quite high, with over 95% in Newfoundland and Labrador.[1] Crown lands include the properties controlled by the Canadian Forces, Indian reserves, National Parks, and Provincial Parks. Most Crown land, however, is wilderness that private concerns are able to rent. Private corporations are able to buy logging and mineral rights to Crown lands, and almost all of Canada's massive natural resource extraction industries are based on Crown land. Crown land can also be rented by individuals who wish to build homes or cottages. The Canada wordmark, used by most agencies of the Canadian federal government. ... This is a list of the Legislative Assemblies of Canadas provinces and territories. ... Map of Canada As shown by the map to the left, the North American nation of Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, together with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Motto: none Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tåîchô [1] Flower Mountain avens Tree Tamarack Bird Gyr Falcon Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Flower Purple Saxifrage Tree Bird Rock Ptarmigan Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (Independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 1 (Nancy Karetak-Lindell) 1 (Willie... This article is about Yukon Territory in Canada. ... The Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, also referred to as Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for policies governing First Nations and Canadas three northern territories. ... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English (see below) Flower   Wild rose Tree Lodgepole Pine Bird Great Horned Owl Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Official languages English Flower Pitcher Plant Tree Black Spruce Bird Atlantic Puffin Capital St. ... The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the combined armed forces of Canada. ... In Canada, an Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band. ... The Canadian National Parks system encompasses over forty protected areas, including National Parks, National Park Reserves and National Marine Conservation Areas. ... This is a list of all provincial parks in Canada. ...


Austro-Hungary

Main Article: Cisleithania Cisleithania (German: Cisleithanien) was the name of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary, the Dual monarchy created in 1867 and dissolved in 1918. ...


The term crownlands, in Austria-Hungary under the Dual Monarchy, was applied to the various provinces. Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...


Poland

In Poland, the Crown lands were known as królewszczyzny (sing. królewszczyzna). Since 15th century they have been leased or gifted to the members of nobility (szlachta). Those nobles who had received the privilege of administering the Crown lands (and thus keeping most of its profits) had the title of starosta. Once given a Crown land, one had the right to keep it 'for life'. Polish szlachcic. ... The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (or The Republic of the Two Nations, Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów in Polish; Belarusian: Рэч Паспалі́тая) was a federal monarchy-republic formed by the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, between 1569...


Ruch egzekucyjny (execution movement) of the late 16th century, led by kanclerz Jan Zamoyski, put as one of its goals the 'execution of lands', i.e. return of all Crown lands, which were often illegally held by next generations of starost families. In 1562-1563 they forced most of the Crown land in the Crown of the Polish Kingdom to be returned to the monarch, however they failed to force the magnates of Grand Duchy of Lithuania to give up their prizes (Poland and Lithuania were ruled by the same king, and became one country after the Union of Lublin in 1569). Execution(ist) movement (Polish language: Ruch egzekucyjny, also egzekucja praw (execution of laws), egzekucja dóbr (execution of lands), popularyÅ›ci (popularists), zamoyczycy (Zamoyskis faction) was a political movement of lesser and middle nobility (szlachta) in the Kingdom of Poland (and later, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) in the 16th century. ... Kanclerz (Polish for Chancellor, from latin:castellanus) was one of the highest officials in the historic Poland. ... Noble Family Zamoyski Coat of Arms Jelita Parents Stanisław Zamoyski Anna Herburt Consorts Anna Ossolińska Krystyna Radziwiłł Gryzelda Batory Barbara Tarnowska Children with Barbara Tarnowska Tomasz Zamoyski Date of Birth March 19, 1542 Place of Birth Skokówka, Poland Date of Death June 3... Crown of the Polish Kingdom, or just colloquially the Crown (Polish:Korona) is the archaic name for territories of Poland, distinguishing them from territories of Grand Duchy of Lithuania or vassal territories like Duchy of Prussia or Duchy of Courland, which had varying degrees of autonomy. ... For a wealthy or powerful business baron, executive, or tycoon, see Business magnate. ... The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and PogoÅ„ in Polish Another version of the Lithuanian banner The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji KunigaikÅ¡tystÄ—, Belarusian: Вялі́кае Кня́ства Літо́ўскае (ВКЛ), Ukrainian: Велике Князівство Литовське (ВКЛ), Polish: Wielkie KsiÄ™stwo Litewskie) was an... The Union of Lublin, painted by Jan Matejko The Union of Lublin (Lithuanian: Liublino unija; Belarusian: Лю́блінская ву́нія; Polish: Unia lubelska) - signed on July 1, 1569 in Lublin, united the Kingdom of Poland and the... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ...


Crown lands formed about 15-20% of Poland (later, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), and were divided into two parts:

  • the table lands (dobra stołowe or ekonomie), which were providing money for the king's personal tresure and expenses, among them the support of the army (wojsko kwarciane)
  • the rest, which the king was obliged to lease to the outstanding members of the szlachta.

Eventually the szlachta controlled most of the Crown lands. Wojsko kwarciane (quarter army) was the term used for regular army units of Poland (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ...


Among the largest Crown lands in the 16th and 17th centuries were the territories of Grodno, Malbork and Wielkorządy with Niepołomice in the Crown of the Polish Kingdom, and Mohylew and Sambor in Lithuania. Hrodna (or Grodno; Belarusian: Го́радня, Гро́дна; Grodno in Polish, Гродно in Russian, Gardinas in Lithuanian) is a city in Belarus on the Nemunas river, close to the borders of Poland and Lithuania... Malbork Castle 2003. ... NiepoÅ‚omice is a town in southern Poland, situated in the Lesser Poland Voivodship (since 1999), previously in Kraków Voivodship (1975-1998). ... Crown of the Polish Kingdom, or just colloquially the Crown (Polish:Korona) is the archaic name for territories of Poland, distinguishing them from territories of Grand Duchy of Lithuania or vassal territories like Duchy of Prussia or Duchy of Courland, which had varying degrees of autonomy. ... Mahilyow, or MahiloÅ­ (Belarusian Магілёў (MahiloÅ­), Russian Могилёв (Mogilyov), Polish Mohylew or Mogilew) is a city in eastern Belarus, close to the border to Russia with about 300,000 inhabitants. ... Sambir is a city in western Ukraine, close to the border with Poland. ...


The conditions of peasants were better in the Crown lands than on the territories held by the szlachta, as there were fewer serfdom obligations. In a detail of Brueghels Land of Cockaigne (1567) a soft-boiled egg has little feet to rush to the luxuriating peasant who catches drops of honey on his tongue, while roast pigs roam wild: in fact, hunger and harsh winters were realities for the average European in the... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Crown lands were reformed in 1775, lessening the abuses of the szlachta, and the Great Sejm of 1788-1792 decided to put them on sale, to raise funds for reforms and modernising the army. After the partitions of Poland in 1795 they were directly annexed by the partitioning powers. ... Sejm Czteroletni (Four-Year Sejm, also known as Sejm Wielki, the Great Sejm) was a Sejm of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth held in Warsaw, inaugurated in 1788. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Partitions of Poland (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Padalijimas, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


References

  1. ^ a b V.P. NEIMANIS. Crown Land. The Canadian Encyclopedia: Geography. Historica Foundation of Canada. Retrieved on 2007-02-12.
  • Polish PWN encyclopedia on 'Królewszczyzna'
  • The Canadian Encyclopedia - Crown land

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

See also

Air rights are a type of development right in real estate. ... The Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 is a UK act of parliament which came into force on November 30, 2000. ... An easement is the right to do something or the right to prevent something over the real property of another. ... Because land is a limited resource and property rights include the right to exclude others, land rights are a form of monopoly. ... Prior appropriation water rights, sometimes known as the Colorado Doctrine, is a system of allocating water from a water source that is markedly different from Riparian water rights. ... The freedom to roam, or everymans right is a term describing the general publics ability to access land, be it public or privately owned. ... Riparian water rights is a system of allocating water among the property owners who abut its source. ...

External link

  • The Crown Estate site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Crown land - definition of Crown land in Encyclopedia (514 words)
In the United Kingdom and its predecessors, Crown land is designated land belonging to the Crown, the equivalent of an entailed estate that passed with the monarchy and could not be alienated from it.
The hereditary revenues of Crown lands were a feature until at the start of the reign of George III when the Crown Estate was surrendered to Parliament in return for a fixed civil list payment.
England, Britain, UK The career of the crown lands to the reign of William III was one of continuous alienation to favorites.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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