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Encyclopedia > Crown attorney

Crown Attorney or Crown Counsel are the public prosecutor in the legal system of Canada. In countries adopting the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system, the prosecutor is the chief legal representative of the prosecution. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Crown Attorneys represent the Crown and act as prosecutor in proceedings under the Canadian Criminal Code and other federal offences, such as the Narcotics Act. There are similarities between this role and the Procurator Fiscal in Scotland, Crown Prosecutor in England and Wales and District Attorneys in the United States. Crown Attorneys are not elected; they are civil servants and can be removed from their position only pursuant to their employment agreement with the province. The Crown is a term which is used to separate the government authority and property of the state in a kingdom from any personal influence and private assets held by the current Monarch. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The Canadian Criminal Code (formal title An Act respecting the Criminal Law) is the codification of most of the criminal offences and procedure in Canada. ... The procurator fiscal is the local public prosecutor in Scotland. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... The position of Crown Attorney is unique to Canada in the common law world. ... A district attorney is, in some U.S. jurisdictions, the title of the local public official who represents the government in the prosecution of criminals. ... A civil servant or public servant is a civilian career public_sector employee working for a government department or agency. ...


Although criminal law is under federal jurisdiction in Canada, the administration of justice is constitutionally the responsibility of provinces, except in the Canadian territories of Yukon, North West Territories and Nunavut. As a result, the vast majority of Crown Attorneys are employed by Canada's ten provinces. System of government Canada is a constitutional monarchy as a Commonwealth Realm (see Monarchy in Canada) with a federal system of parliamentary government, and strong democratic traditions. ... Province is a name for a secondary, or subnational entity of government in most countries. ... Motto: u jackMedia:Example. ... ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total...


Lawyers who act on civil or administrative matters for the Crown are not referred to as Crown Attorneys (Senior General Counsel or General Counsel), although both criminal and civil attorneys generally report to the provincial Attorney-General's office. Moreover, lawyers, students-at-law and other persons who only represent the Crown on provincial offences matters (such as municipal by-law enforcement and traffic offences) are referred to as "Provincial Prosecutors" rather than Crown Attorneys. Regardless of whether the prosecuted matter is a criminal offence or a provincial offence, Crown Attorneys represent and argue on behalf of "the Crown" (i.e. Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada). Look up Civil in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The word Civil is derived from the Latin word civilis, from civis (citizen). Used as an adjective, it may describe several fields, concepts, and people: Civil death Civil defense Civil disobedience Civil engineering Civil law Civil liberties Civil libertarianism Civil marriage Civil... Organisational use In some organisational analyses, administration can refer to the bureaucratic or operational performance of mundane office tasks, usually internally oriented. ... Senior General Counsel is the chief public prosecutor at the federal level in Canada. ... A General Counsel is the chief lawyer of a legal department, usually in a corporation or government department. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General or Attorney-General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... For information on the type of fish called Lawyer, see the article on Burbot. ... A Bylaw (sometimes also seen as By-Law or ByLaw) is a rule governing the internal management of an organization, such as a business corporation. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The...


As Crown Attorneys do not answer to the electorate, the Canadian prosecutorial system is often seen as less political and less aggressive than the American system as Crown Attorneys do not have to justify their continued employment by appearing to be harsh on criminals. Moreover, because they are paid a regular salary rather than being hired on a case-by-case basis, they are often seen as independent from the police. However, at the same time critics have argued that because they are appointed, Canada's prosecutors are not hard enough on criminals, and thus are a leading cause behind a Canadian culture of "soft" sentences that many disagree with. There have thus been calls for a more open appointment process to increase public accountability.


See also

  • Crown Attorney's Office of Ontario

 
 

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