Crown Point is a town located in Essex County, New York. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 2,119.
The Town of Crown Point is on the eastern edge of the county.
During colonial times and the American Revolutionary War, its strategic location often made Crown Point an important location. Situated on the west shore of Lake Champlain about 15 miles north of Fort Ticonderoga it provided a fortified position about a day's travel north of that site.
After the failure of the American Invasion of Canada in 1776 it represented the northernmost point of American control. During the British Saratoga Campaign in 1777, General Burgoyne organized a supply magazine here to support his attack of Ticonderoga.
The east town line, defined by Lake Champlain, is the border of Vermont (Addison County). A bridge (Route 17) connects Crown Point to Vermont.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 212.1 km˛ (81.9 mi˛). 197.5 km˛ (76.3 mi˛) of it is land and 14.6 km˛ (5.6 mi˛) of it is water. The total area is 6.89% water.
Essex County is in the Adirondack State Park.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 2,119 people, 797 households, and 578 families residing in the town. The population density is 10.7/km˛ (27.8/mi˛). There are 1,063 housing units at an average density of 5.4/km˛ (13.9/mi˛). The racial makeup of the town is 97.50% White, 0.09% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. 0.14% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 797 households out of which 33.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% are married couples living together, 8.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% are non-families. 21.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.64 and the average family size is 3.06.
In the town the population is spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 102.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $33,958, and the median income for a family is $39,853. Males have a median income of $31,106 versus $20,074 for females. The per capita income for the town is $16,692. 14.6% of the population and 10.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 20.9% of those under the age of 18 and 9.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Communities and locations in Crown Point
- Bulwagga Bay -- A bay between Crown Point peninsula and the mainland of the county.
- Burdick Crossing -- A hamlet in the northeast part of the town.
- Cold Spring Park -- A hamlet in the northeast part of the town.
- Crown Point -- The hamlet of Crown Point is in the eastern part of the town on Route 9N.
- Crown Point -- A peninsula in the south end of Lake Champlain and site some historic fortifications.
- Crown Point Center -- A hamlet west of Factoryville.
- Factoryville -- A hamlet west of Crown Point village.
- Ironville -- A hamlet in the south part of the town.
- Crown Point campsite (http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/do/camping/campgrounds/crownpoint.html)
- Crown Point historic site (http://nysparks.state.ny.us/cgi-bin/cgiwrap/nysparks/historic.cgi?p+5)
- Crown Point history (http://www.historiclakes.org/crown_pt/CrownPt.html)