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Encyclopedia > Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service

The Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service is a government department in Scotland that is responsible for the public prosecution of alleged criminals. It is part of the Scottish Executive. Scotland (Alba in Scottish Gaelic) is a country or nation and former independent kingdom of northwest Europe, and one of the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom. ... The Scottish Executive (Riaghaltas na h-Alba in Gaelic) is the executive arm of the Scottish Parliament. ...


The Service employs both civil servants who carry out administration duties and Solicitors (Deputes) who represent the Crown in Court.


The service is headed by the Lord Advocate and all Prosecutions are carried out in his name. The Lord Advocate is assisted by the Solicitor General for Scotland. The day to day running of the service is done by the Crown Agent/Chief Executive and the management board who are based in the HQ in Edinburgh Her Majestys Advocate, known as the Lord Advocate (Morair Tagraidh in Scots Gaelic), was the chief legal adviser of the United Kingdom Government and the Crown in Scotland for both civil and criminal matters until the passing of the Scotland Act 1998. ... Her Majestys Solicitor General for Scotland is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, and the deputy of the Lord Advocate, whose duty is to advise the Crown and the Scottish Executive on Scots Law. ... Edinburgh viewed from Arthurs Seat. ...


At the High Court of Justiciary level prosecutions are done by the staff of the Crown Office and they are represented in Court by Advocate Deputes (AD's). Advocate Deputes are senior solicitors who are able to conduct Murder and other serious Criminal trials on behalf of the Crown. The High Court of Justiciary is Scotlands supreme criminal court. ...


The Procurator Fiscal (PF) is the local Prosecutor in Scotland and he/she will have under them a team of Deputes who will represent the Fiscal in Court. A large number of Scottish Solicitors spend a period of their career as a Fiscal Depute.


Each Fiscal office jurisdiction will correspond to the local Sheriff Court jurisdiction and most of the Fiscal office's in Scotland are either in or near the Sheriff Court.


The Fiscal staff are responsible for a wide range of tasks which include the preparation of Court papers and dealing with queries from victims, witnesses and Police.


See Also

The Procurator Fiscal is also responsible for the investigation of all sudden, suspicious and unexplained deaths in Scotland. Her Majestys Advocate, known as the Lord Advocate (Morair Tagraidh in Scots Gaelic), was the chief legal adviser of the United Kingdom Government and the Crown in Scotland for both civil and criminal matters until the passing of the Scotland Act 1998. ... Her Majestys Solicitor General for Scotland is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, and the deputy of the Lord Advocate, whose duty is to advise the Crown and the Scottish Executive on Scots Law. ... Scots Law (or Scottish Law) is the Law of Scotland. ... The High Court of Justiciary is Scotlands supreme criminal court. ... The Sheriff Courts are the local Court system in Scotland. ... The Scottish Executive (Riaghaltas na h-Alba in Gaelic) is the executive arm of the Scottish Parliament. ...


Web Links

  • Crown Office Website (http://www.crownoffice.gov.uk)
  • Scottish Executive (http://www.scotland.gov.uk)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (1413 words)
Nowadays The Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service is a Department of the Scottish Executive, led by the Lord Advocate and the Solicitor General for Scotland who are the legal advisers to the Executive and may participate in the proceedings of the Scottish Parliament.
For the majority of crimes in Scotland the Procurator Fiscal presents the case for the prosecution in the Sheriff and District Courts, and the case for the defence is presented either by the accused's own solicitor or by a public defender.
The Procurator Fiscal is also responsible for the investigation of all sudden, suspicious and unexplained deaths in Scotland.
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