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Encyclopedia > Crossing tower
Cathedral floor plan (crossing is shaded)
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Cathedral floor plan (crossing is shaded)

A crossing, in ecclesiastical architecture, is the junction of the four arms of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church. Religious architecture is the style and requirements followed for building religious buildings. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ...


In a typically oriented church (especially of Romanesque and Gothic styles), the crossing gives access to the nave on the west, the transept arms on the north and south, and the choir on the east. Interior of the Saint-Saturnin church St-Sernin basilica, Toulouse, 1080 – 1120: elevation of the east end Romanesque sculpture, cloister of St. ... See also Gothic art. ... Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... Full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... The choir stalls in the quire of Bristol Cathedral, Bristol, England A quire is the area of a church where the liturgical singers sit, also known as the choir located usually in the western part of the chancel (between the nave and the altar), but occasionally in the eastern part...


The crossing is sometimes surmounted by a tower or dome. Because the crossing is open on four sides, the weight of the tower or dome rests heavily on the corners; a stable construction thus required great skill on the part of the builders. In centuries past, it was not uncommon for overly ambitious crossing towers to collapse. The Eiffel Tower Fire-observation watchtower in Kostroma, Russia. ... This article is about the building structural element. ...


A tower may be called a lantern if it has openings through which light from outside can shine down to the crossing.


 
 

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