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Encyclopedia > Cross
Also known as the Latin cross or crux ordinaria. It is the most common symbol of Christianity, intended to represent the redeeming martyrdom of Jesus when he was crucified on the True Cross in the New Testament.
Also known as the Latin cross or crux ordinaria. It is the most common symbol of Christianity, intended to represent the redeeming martyrdom of Jesus when he was crucified on the True Cross in the New Testament.
A famous Armenian khachkar at Goshavank (Notice the cross).
A famous Armenian khachkar at Goshavank (Notice the cross).

A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two lines or bars perpendicular to each other, dividing one or two of the lines in half. The lines usually run vertically and horizontally; if they run diagonally, the design is technically termed a saltire. Image File history File links Christian_cross. ... Image File history File links Christian_cross. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2112x2816, 4036 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Khachkar Goshavank Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2112x2816, 4036 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Khachkar Goshavank Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... A Khachkar or Khatchkar (Ô½Õ¡Õ¹Ö„Õ¡Ö€ in Armenian, meaning cross-stone) is a carved memorial stone, typically found in Armenia. ... Goshavank Monastery Goshavank (Armenian: , meaning Monastery of Gosh), is a monastery located in a village of Armenia named Gosh (Tavush marz), was originally known as Nor-Getik. ... Cross, crossing or to cross can have one of the following meetings. ... The arms of St Albans: Azure, a saltire Or (a gold saltire on a blue field) For The Saltire (proper noun) see Flag of Scotland. ...


The cross is one of the most ancient human symbols, and is used by many religions, most notably Christianity. It is frequently a representation of the division of the world into four elements[citation needed] (or cardinal points), or alternately as the union of the concepts of divinity, the vertical line, and the world, the horizontal line (Koch, 1955). Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (MahābhÅ«ta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand “The Four Elements” redirects here. ... A compass rose showing the cardinal directions Cardinal directions or cardinal points are the four principal directions or points of the compass in plane. ... For other uses, see Divinity (disambiguation) and Divine (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see World (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Etymology

The word cross was introduced to English in the 10th century as the term for the instrument of the torturous execution of Christ (gr. stauros', xy'lon), gradually replacing rood, ultimately from Latin crux, via Old Irish cros. Originally, both 'rood' and 'crux' referred simply to any "pole," the later shape associated with the term being based on church tradition, rather than etymology. The word can nowadays refer to the geometrical shape unrelated to its Christian significance from the 15th century. crux in latin means cross, and it was a Roman devise of torture where they nailed any person to a wooden cross, an act called crucifying, and let them die of exposure or starvation/dehydration while hanging from the cross. the cross is now the symbol of the Roman catholic church which is ironic because it is basically the symbol of torture and death, although some call it a a reminder of Christ's martyrdom. A rood is an old English ( Anglo-Saxon) unit equal to quarter an acre, i. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Old Irish is the name given to the oldest form of the Irish language which can be more or less fully reconstructed from extant sources. ...


History

It is not known when the first cross image was made; after circles, crosses are one of the first symbols drawn by children of all cultures. There are many cross-shaped incisions in European cult caves, dating back to the earliest stages of human cultural development in the stone age. Like other symbols from this period, their use continued in the Celtic cultures in Europe. For example, celtic coins minted many centuries before the Christian era may have an entire side showing this type of cross, sometimes with the five cardinal points marked by concave depressions in the same style as in stoneage carvings. Other coins may be showing the cross held by a rider on a horse and springing forth a fern leaf, sometimes identified as a Tree of Life symbol. Petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock State Historic Monument, southern Utah, USA Petroglyphs are images created by removing part of a rock surfaces by incising, pecking, carving, and abrading. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ... This article is about the European people. ... The Tree-of-Life is a fictional plant (the ancestor of yams, with similar appearance and taste) in Larry Nivens Known Space universe, for which all Hominids have an in-built genetic craving. ...


As markings

Written crosses are used for many different purposes, particularly in mathematics.

A cross is often used as a check mark because it can be clearer, easier to create with an ordinary pen or pencil, and less obscuring of the text or image that is already present than a large dot. It also allows marking a position more accurately than a large dot. The system of Roman numerals is a numeral system originating in ancient Rome, and was adapted from Etruscan numerals. ... This article is about the number 10. ... For other uses, see X (disambiguation). ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... For other uses, see X (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see T (disambiguation). ... Chinese numerals are characters for writing numbers in Chinese. ... Everyone please stop nitpicking on the use of daggers in theoldnewthing blog! This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 3 + 2 = 5 with apples, a popular choice in textbooks[1] This article is about addition in mathematics. ... In mathematics, multiplication is an elementary arithmetic operation. ... The integers are commonly denoted by the above symbol. ... Coprime - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Modular arithmetic (sometimes called modulo arithmetic, or clock arithmetic because of its use in the 24-hour clock system) is a system of arithmetic for integers, where numbers wrap around after they reach a certain value — the modulus. ... This picture illustrates how the hours on a clock form a group under modular addition. ... A tick (known as a checkmark or check in American English) is a mark (✓) used to indicate the concept yes, for example yes, this has been verified or yes, I agree. Its opposite is the cross (✗), although the cross can also be positive, for example in elections. ...


A large cross through a text often means that it is wrong or should be considered deleted.


As emblems and symbols

Cross Name Description Picture
Ankh

Also known as the Key of the Nile, the Looped Tau Cross, and the Ansated Cross. It was an Ancient Egyptian symbol of life. Sometimes given a Latin name if it appears in specifically Christian contexts, such as the crux ansata ("handled cross"). For other uses, see Ankh (disambiguation). ... Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... For other uses, see Life (disambiguation). ...

Canterbury cross

Used in the Anglican Churches. It has four arms of equal length, each widening at the outer end in a hammer shape so that their rims form a near circle. Each arm bears a triangular panel incised with a triquetra symbolizing the Trinity. In the center of the cross is a small square. The Saxon original dates from c. 850 A.D. and was excavated in 1867 in Canterbury, England. A stone replica can be found in Canterbury Cathedral and in several other Anglican cathedrals around the world. [1] [2] Image File history File links Ankh. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Close-up of a triquetra on one of the Funbo Runestones. ... This article is about the Christian Trinity. ... Canterbury is a cathedral city in east Kent in South East England and is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Primate of All England, head of the Church of England and of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ...

Christian cross

Also known as the Latin cross or crux ordinaria. It is the most common symbol of Christianity, intended to represent the redeeming martyrdom of Jesus when he was crucified on the True Cross in the New Testament. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A reliquary in the form of an ornate Christian Cross Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... For other uses, see Martyr (disambiguation). ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Crucifixion is an ancient method of execution, where the condemned is tied or nailed to a large wooden cross and left to hang until dead. ... According to Christian tradition, the True Cross is the cross upon which Jesus was crucified. ... This article is about the Christian scriptures. ...

Coptic Cross

A small circle from which emanate four arms of equal length, with angled T shapes in the corner, cross-pieces outward, representing the nails used in Jesus' crucifixion. This cross receives its name from Coptic Christianity, which centered around Alexandria, Egypt. Image File history File links Christian_cross. ... Jesus Christ in a Coptic icon. ...

Original Coptic Cross

The original Coptic cross used by early Gnostic Christians in Egypt. Image File history File links Coptic-Cross. ... Orginal Coptic cross The original Coptic cross has its origin in the Coptic ankh symbol and was adopted by early Christian Gnostics in Egypt. ...

Coptic ankh

The Coptic ankh is the Ankh related pre Original Coptic cross of the early Gnostic Christians in Egypt. Image File history File links Original_Coptic_cross. ... Coptic ankh cross The Coptic ankh cross, also known as the Gnostic cross, has its origin in the Egyptian Ankh and is the pre Coptic cross of the early Christian gnostic movement. ... Orginal Coptic cross The original Coptic cross has its origin in the Coptic ankh symbol and was adopted by early Christian Gnostics in Egypt. ... Gnosticism is a blanket term for various religions and sects most prominent in the first few centuries A.D. General characteristics The word gnosticism comes from the Greek word for knowledge, gnosis (γνῶσις), referring to the idea that there is special, hidden mysticism (esoteric knowledge...

Greek cross

Also known as the crux immissa quadrata. Has all arms of equal length. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Eastern cross

Used in the Eastern Orthodox Church. The top line is said to represent the headboard, and the bottom, slanted line represents the footrest, wrenched loose by Jesus' writhing in intense agony. The letters IC XC found at the end of the main arm of most Eastern Orthodox Crosses are a Christogram, representing the name of Jesus Christ. Image File history File links Greek_cross. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Coptic Orthodox Pope · Roman Catholic Pope Archbishop of Canterbury · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Faith... A Christogram is a monogram or combination of letters which forms an abbreviation for the name of Jesus Christ, and is traditionally used as a Christian symbol. ...

High cross

Free-standing Celtic crosses commonly found in Ireland and to a lesser extent in Great Britain, very common in churches and graveyards. Image File history File links Slavcross. ... High Cross, Dysert, Co. ... Celtic cross For Celtic Cross, the ambient/dub band see Celtic Cross (band) A Celtic cross is a symbol that combines the cross with a ring surrounding the intersection. ...

St. Brigid's Cross

This cross is found throughout Ireland. It is told that the cross was made by Brigid, daughter of a Pagan King from reeds to be used as an instrument of conversion. However, Brigid's name is derived from Brigit (also spelled Brigid, Brìghde, Brìde, and Bríde), a Celtic Goddess of fire, poetry, and smithcraft, and today the cross is used to protect houses from fire. This is an example of the integration of religious traditions. The cross itself derives from the Indo-European Swastika, or Solar Wheel Image File history File links Ccross. ... St Brigids cross Brigids cross, Brighids cross, or Brigits cross, or (in Gaelic) Crosóg Brighde, though not recorded before the seventeenth century, is an Irish symbol that possibly derives from the pagan sunwheel. ...

Labarum

Constantine I's Labarum is also known as a Chrismon, Chi-Rho (from the two Greek letters that make it up) or monogram of the name Jesus Christ. Several other forms of Chrismons exist. Image File history File links St_Brigid. ... The Labarum An image of the labarum, with the Greek letters Alpha and Omega inscribed. ... For other uses, see Constantine I (disambiguation). ... A Christogram is a monogram or combination of letters which forms an abbreviation for the name of Jesus Christ, and is traditionally used as a Christian symbol. ...

Lebanese Forces Cross

Inspired from the eastern crosses, it symbolizes three things: Image File history File links Image of the labarum from Nordisk Familjebok, public domain. ... Lebanese Forces (LF) (Arabic: القوات اللبنانية al-quwāt al-lubnāniyya) is a Lebanese political party and a former militia , which fought on the Christian side during the civil war that ravaged Lebanon from 1975 to 1990. ...

  1. The cross of the savior Jesus Christ in red, the sign of martyrdom and glory.
  2. The bearing cross of the Lebanese Christians, the sign of their suffering throughout history.
  3. The diagonal cut at the base of the cross symbolizes the strength of the Lebanese Christians’ will, and their determination to keep the cross planted in their region of the world.
Lorraine Cross

Used in heraldry. It is similar to a patriarchal cross, but usually has one bar near the bottom and one near the top, rather than having both near the top. Is part of the heraldic arms of Lorraine in eastern France. It was originally held to be a symbol of Joan of Arc, renowned for her perseverance against foreign invaders of France. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cross of Lorraine The Cross of Lorraine, ‡, is a heraldic cross. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... Patriarchal cross The Patriarchal cross is a variant of the Christian cross, the universal religious symbol of Christendom. ...

Marian Cross

Etched on the casket of Pope John Paul II, the Marian Cross is a Catholic adaptation of the traditional Latin cross to emphasize Catholic devotion to Mary. Cross of Lorraine uploaded from the French Version, under GNU File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Marian Cross The Marian Cross is an informal name applied to a Roman Catholic cross design. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept...

Nordic Cross

Used in flags descended from the Dannebrog. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 1024 pixel, file size: 31 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) An image of the Marian Cross created in Microsoft Paint. ... Nordic Cross Flag, Nordic Cross, Scandinavian Cross is a pattern of flags usually associated with the flags of the Scandinavian countries of which it originated. ... Flag of the Fédération internationale des associations vexillologiques. ... The Nordic flags. ...

Occitan cross

Based on the counts of Toulouse's traditional coat of arms, it soon became the symbol of Occitania as a whole. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands. ... The Occitan cross — also cross of Occitania, cross of Languedoc, Cathar cross and Toulouse cross,— is the symbol of Occitania. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Occitania refers to the lands where the Occitan language is spoken. ...

Papal Cross

The three cross-bars represent the Roman Catholic Pope's triple role as Bishop of Rome, Patriarch of the West, and successor of St. Peter, Chief of the Apostles. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The top of the Popes Cross, standing in the Phoenix Park. ...

Patriarchal cross

Similar to a traditional Christian cross, but with an additional, smaller crossbar above the main one meant to represent all the Orthodox Christian Archbishops and Patriarchs. In the Eastern Orthodox Church, this cross is sometimes seen with an additional, slanted bar near the foot of the cross (see Byzantine Cross). This cross is similar to the Lorraine Cross and the Caravaca Cross. Image File history File links PopesCross. ... Patriarchal cross The Patriarchal cross is a variant of the Christian cross, the universal religious symbol of Christendom. ...

Presbyterian Cross Used by Presbyterian denominations.
Red Cross

Used as a symbol for medical care in most of the world, the Red Crescent being used in Islamic countries and the Magen David Adom in Israel. Image File history File links Patriarchal_cross. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... Image File history File links USVA_headstone_emb-04. ... The symbols of the Movement - The Red Cross and the Red Crescent emblems at the museum in Geneva. ... The symbols of the Movement - The Red Cross and the Red Crescent emblems at the museum in Geneva. ... The Magen David Adom emblem The Magen David Adom (Hebrew: ‎) is Israels national emergency medical, disaster, ambulance and blood bank service. ...

Cross of Sacrifice

A Latin cross with a superimposed sword, blade down. It is a symbol used by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission at the site of many war memorials. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Red_Cross. ... Cross of Sacrifice The Cross of Sacrifice was designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield for the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and is the focal point of the numerous cemetaries honoring the war dead of World War I that dot the countryside of the Western Front, and as far afield as Kranji... The Azmak Cemetery, near Suvla Bay, Turkey, contains the graves of some of the soldiers who died during the Gallipoli Campaign. ...

Royal Flag of Georgia

Used in Georgia as national flag, first used by Georgian King Vakhtang Gorgasali in the 5th century and later adopted by Queen Tamar of Georgia in the 13th century. The flag depicts a Jerusalem cross, adopted during the reign of George V of Georgia who drove out the Mongols from Georgia in 1334. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1385x2265, 316 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cross Christian cross Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cross of Sacrifice User:Redvers/Gallery ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The official flag of Georgia is the five-cross flag, restored to official use on January 14, 2004 after a break of some 500 years. ... Saint King Vakhtang I Gorgasali (440 – 502) was the Georgian king (mepe) of Kartli (Iberia) in 452–502 who led a lengthy anti-Persian liberation war and founded Tbilisi, Georgia’s modern capital city. ... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Tamar (Georgian: თამარი; 1160–1213), from the House of Bagrationi, was Queen of the Kingdom of Georgia from 1184 to 1213. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Giorgi V the Brilliant George V, the “Brilliant” (Georgian: გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე, Giorgi V Brtskinvale; also translated as the Illustrious, or Magnificent) (born 1286 or 1289 – died 1346) was King of Georgia from 1299 to 1302 and again from 1314 until his death. ... The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ... Events Births January 4 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (died 1383) January 13 - King Henry II of Castile (died 1379) May 25 - Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders (died 1398) August 30 - King Peter I of Castile (died 1369) James I of Cyprus (died...

St. Nino's Cross

Also known as a "Grapevine cross" and traditionally ascribed to Saint Nino, the 4th-century female baptizer of the Georgians, it is used as a symbol of the Georgian Orthodox Church. Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia. ... The Grapevine Cross at Tbilisi Sioni Cathedral. ... The Grapevine Cross at Tbilisi Sioni Cathedral. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church is one of the worlds most ancient Christian Churches, founded in the 1st century by the Apostle Andrew. ...

Saint Andrew's Cross

Used in Scotland's national flag and the naval ensign of the Russian Navy, it is also called the Saltire, the Boundary Cross (because it was used by the Romans as a barrier) and the crux decussata. Saint Andrew is believed to have suffered a martyr's death on such a cross, hence its name. The cross does not have to be at this particular angle to qualify as a saltire; the symbol X can also be considered a St. Andrew's Cross. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Saltire (or St Andrews Cross) is the national flag of Scotland. ... This article is about the country. ... The Russian Navy or VMF (Russian: Военно-Морской Флот (ВМФ) - Voyenno- Morskoy Flot (VMF) or Military Maritime Fleet) is the naval arm of the Russian armed forces. ... The arms of St Albans: Azure, a saltire Or (a gold saltire on a blue field) For The Saltire (proper noun) see Flag of Scotland. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Ανδρέας, Andreas), called in the Orthodox tradition Protocletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle and the elder brother of Saint Peter. ... For other uses, see X (disambiguation). ...

St George's Cross

Used in England's national flag. Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... St Georges cross The St Georges Cross is a red cross on a white background. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

Saint Peter's Cross

An upside-down Latin cross, based on a tradition that holds that Saint Peter was martyred by being crucified upside-down. Today it is often associated with anti-Christian or Satanic groups and some heavy metal artists, such as King Diamond. Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... St. ... “St Peter” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... King Diamond (born Kim Bendix Petersen, June 14, 1956, Copenhagen, Denmark) is a heavy metal musician known for his shock rock image. ...

Skull and crossbones

Not a cross as such, but a saltire made of bones, with an overlaid skull. While traditionally associated with pirates, it was actually relatively rarely used by them, each ship having its own design, often involving an hourglass. Image File history File links Peter's_Cross. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Hourglass (disambiguation). ...

Sun cross

Also known as the Sunwheel, solar cross or Odin's cross, because Odin's symbol in Norse mythology was a cross in a circle. Used throughout Native American culture to represent the great Medicine Wheel of life. Image File history File links Skull_and_crossbones. ... A Caddo solar cross, to Southeastern Native Americans a symbol of both the sun and fire. ... For other meanings of Odin, Woden or Wotan see Odin (disambiguation), Woden (disambiguation), Wotan (disambiguation). ... Norse, Viking or Scandinavian mythology comprises the indigenous pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian peoples, including those who settled on Iceland, where most of the written sources for Norse mythology were assembled. ... Native Americans redirects here. ...

Tau Cross

Also known as Saint Anthony's Cross, the Egyptian Cross and the crux commissa. It is shaped like the letter T. Francis of Assisi used it as his signature. Image File history File links Simple_crossed_circle. ... The Tau cross The Cross of Tau; also called the Tau Cross, St. ... Saint Anthony most commonly refers to: Anthony the Great (251–356) Saint Anthony may also refer to: Anthony of Kiev (c. ... For other uses, see T (disambiguation). ... Saint Francis of Assisi (September 26, 1181 – October 3, 1226) was a Roman Catholic friar and the founder of the Order of Friars Minor, more commonly known as the Franciscans. ...

Thieves' Cross

Also known as the Furka Cross. The fork, shaped like the letter Y. [3] Image File history File links Te_cross. ... Assorted forks. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Mariner's Cross

The Mariner's Cross is a stylized cross in the shape of an anchor. The Mariner's Cross is also referred to as St. Clement's Cross in reference to the way he was martyred. For other uses, see Anchor (disambiguation). ... A Greek cross (all arms of equal length) above a saltire, a cross rotated by 45 degrees For other uses, see Cross (disambiguation). ... Pope Clement I, the bishop of Rome from roughly 88-98 AD who is also called Clement of Rome and Clemens Romanus, is considered to be the fourth pope, after Anacletus, according to Catholic tradition. ...

Order of Christ Cross

Cross originally used by the Portuguese Order of Christ. Since then it has become a symbol of Portugal, used on the sails of the carracks during the Discoveries Era, and currently by the Portuguese Air Force. Image File history File links Mariner's_Cross. ... Order of Christ Cross The Order of Christ Cross is the emblem of the historical Order of Christ, (also called Christs Knights Order), Portugal. ... The Seal of the Grand-Masters Evrard de Barres and Regnaud de Vichier depict the Dome of the ROCK. The Order of Christ was the heritage of the Templar Knights. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... For additional context, see History of Portugal and Portuguese Empire. ... An era is a long period of time with different technical and colloquial meanings, and usages in language. ... The Portuguese Air Force or FAP (Força Aérea Portuguesa) is the air force of Portugal. ...

Image File history File links OrderOfCristCross. ...

In heraldry

These crosses are ones used exclusively or primarily in heraldry, and do not necessarily have any special meanings commonly associated with them. Crosses that are used in heraldry but also commonly in other contexts are not listed here. Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ...

Cross name Description Picture
The cross as heraldic "ordinary"

A simple heraldic cross (the default if there are no additional specifying words) has arms of roughly equal length, artistically proportioned to the particular shape of the shield, which extend to the edges of the shield. Illustrated is the blazon "Azure, a cross Or" (i.e. a gold cross on a blue shield). Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... This is an article about Heraldry. ...


A cross which does not extend to the edges of the shield is humetty, in heraldic terminology.

Cross anchry

A stylized cross in the shape of an anchor. Also known as the anchored cross or mariner's cross. Image File history File links Azure-Cross-Or-Heraldry. ... Anchored cross The Anchored Cross is a symbol which is shaped like a plus sign with anchor-like protrusions at the end of each arm, hence the name Anchored Cross. ...

Cross barbée

Also known as the cross barby or arrow cross, this symbol consists of two double-ended arrows in a cross configuration. Best known today for its use by the fascist Arrow Cross Party in the 1930s, the symbol actually dates to ancient times and was used by Hungarian tribes in the Middle Ages. In Christian use, the ends of this cross resemble the barbs of fish hooks, or fish spears. This alludes to the Ichthys symbol of Christ, and is suggestive of the "fishers of men" theme in the Gospel. Image File history File links Mariner's_Cross. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Arrow Cross Party. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Flag of the Arrow Cross Party Senior members of the Arrow Cross Party. ... The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the World Depression. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... The ichthys has been used to represent a number of ideas. ... This page is about the title, office or what is known in Christian theology as the Divine Person. ... Gospel, from the Old English good tidings is a calque of Greek () used in the New Testament (see Etymology below). ...

Cross bottony

A cross with the ends of the arms bottony (or botonny), i.e. shaped like an architectural trefoil. It occurs counterchanged on the flag of Maryland. Image File history File links ArrowCross. ... Cross bottony Cross bottony on a shield In heraldry, bottony refers to a symbol having a bud or button, or a kind of trefoil, at the end; furnished with knobs or buttons. ... Architecture Architectural Trefoil (also a Christian symbol) Trefoil (from Latin trifolium, three-leaved plant, French trèfle, German Dreiblatt and Dreiblattbogen) is a term in Gothic architecture given to the ornamental foliation or cusping introduced in the heads of window-lights, tracery, panellings, etc. ... Flag of Maryland The flag of Maryland consists of the heraldic banners of the family of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore. ...

Cross cercelée

A cross which, opening at the ends, turns round both ways, like a ram's horns. Image File history File links Cross-Bottony-Heraldry. ... Cross Cercelée Cercelée, or Sarcelly, is a term in heraldry. ... Binomial name Ovis aries Linnaeus, 1758 The domestic sheep (Ovis aries), the most common species of the sheep genus (Ovis), is a woolly ruminant quadruped which probably descends from the wild mouflon of south-central and south-west Asia. ...

Cross crosslet

A cross with the ends of each arm crossed. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

Crusaders' cross

Also known as the Jerusalem cross. This cross was the symbol of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, which existed for almost two hundred years after the First Crusade. The four smaller crosses are said to symbolize either the four books of the Gospel or the four directions in which the Word of Christ spread from Jerusalem. Alternately, all five crosses can symbolize the five wounds of Christ during the Passion. This symbol is also used in the flag of Georgia. Image File history File links Cross-Crosslet-Heraldry. ... This article is about the medieval crusades. ... Official language Latin, French, Italian, and other western languages; Greek and Arabic also widely spoken Capital Jerusalem, later Acre Constitution Various laws, so-called Assizes of Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 by the First Crusade. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The official flag of Georgia is the five-cross flag, restored to official use on January 14, 2004 after a break of some 500 years. ...

Cross flory

A cross with the ends of the arms flory (or fleury), having a shape like a fleur-de-lys. Image File history File links Summary The Crusaders Cross Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Fleur de Lys is a Canadian superheroine created in 1984 by Mark Shainblum and Gabriel Morrissette. ...

Cross fourchee

One form of the heraldic cross fourchee (fourchée, fourchy) or cross fourche (meaning "forked"). Image File history File links Cross-Flory-Heraldry. ...

Cross fylfot

Upright cross with truncated bent arms Image File history File links Cross-Fourchee-Heraldry. ... Notional arms – Argent a fylfot azure (a blue fylfot on a white shield) – exemplifying the design of the fylfot commonly shown in modern heraldry texts. ...

Jerusalem cross

A variant of the Crusaders' cross with cross potent. It is also the logo for the Knights and Dames of the Holy Sepulcher of Jerusalem. Image File history File links Image created by Ant Allan. ...

Maltese cross

With arms which narrow towards the center, and are indented at the ends. The "eight-pointed cross" (with no curved lines). Image File history File links Cross-Jerusalem-Potent-Heraldry. ... The Maltese Cross (✠) has been the symbol of the Christian warrior since the First Crusade. ...

Cross moline

In a cross moline, the ends of the arms are split and curved back. Image File history File links Maltese-Cross-Heraldry. ... A cross moline The Cross Moline is a difference, or mark of cadency in English heraldry. ...

Cross patonce

A cross patonce is more or less intermediate between a cross pattée and a cross flory (or fleury). Image File history File links Cross-Moline-Heraldry. ...

Cross pattée

A cross pattee (pattée, patty) has arms narrowing towards the centre, but with non-indented ends. See also Iron Cross. Image File history File links Cross-Patonce-Heraldry. ... Heraldic cross pattee A cross having arms with curving edges, narrow at the inner center, and very broad at the outer end. ... A stylized version of the Iron Cross, the emblem of the Bundeswehr, Germanys Armed Forces. ...

Cross pommee

A cross pommee (pommée, pommy) has a circular knob at the end of each arm. Image File history File links Cross-Pattee-Heraldry. ...

Cross potent

This cross has a crossbar at the end of each of its arms. "Potent" is an old word for a crutch, and is used in heraldic terminology to describe a T shape. Image File history File links Cross-Pommee-Heraldry. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Quadrate

A cross with a square at the intersection point. Image File history File links Cross-Potent-Heraldry. ...

Cross triple parted and fretted

In heraldry, a "cross triple parted and fretted" (or "treble parted and fretted") is interlaced. Here, a version which is "Or on an Azure field" (gold on blue) is shown. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Cross voided

A "cross voided throughout", also known as the Gammadia, can be seen as a Greek cross with its centre lines removed, or as composed of four angles (L shapes) separated by a thin space. So the name "gammadia" refers to its being made up of four shapes similar to a capital Greek letter gamma; the word gammadion can also refer to a swastika. Image File history File links Cross-Triple-Parted-Fretted-Or. ... Gamma (uppercase Γ, lowercase γ) is the third letter of the Greek alphabet. ... This article is about the symbol. ...

Image:Cross-Voided.svg
Cross of St James

The Cross of St. James,, similar to a Cross Flory Fitch, is formed by a Cross Flory, where the lower part is fashioned as a sword blade (fitched)—making this a cross of a warrior. It is most frequently depicted in red. (The version depicted here is the one used by the order of Santiago.) Image File history File links Cross-Voided. ... The Cross of St. ... Also known as the Latin cross or crux ordinaria. ... 17th century interpretation of saint James as the Moor-killer from the Peruvian school of Cuzco. ...

There are numerous other variations on the cross in heraldry. See heraldry for background information. Image File history File links Cross_Santiago. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ...


The semi-classic book A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry by James Parker (1894) is online, and contains much information about variants of crosses used in heraldry.


Order of Malta Cross A cross born from the Maltese cross.


In flags

Several flags have crosses, including all the nations of Scandinavia, whose crosses are known as Scandinavian crosses, and many nations in the Southern Hemisphere, which incorporate the Southern Cross. The Flag of Switzerland since the 17th century has displayed an equilateral cross in a square (the only square flag of a sovereign state apart from the Flag of the Vatican City); the Red Cross emblem was based on the Swiss flag. The flag of Georgia displays a red Jerusalem cross, and can also be described as a St George cross accompanied by four crosslets. The design and description of flags typically uses specialised flag terminology with precise and technical meanings, and is hence a form of jargon. ... This is a gallery of flags which use the cross as a feature of their design. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe which includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... The design and description of flags typically uses specialised flag terminology with precise and technical meanings, and is hence a form of jargon. ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ... For other uses, see Crux (disambiguation). ... The flag of Switzerland. ... This is a gallery of flags which use squares as features of their design. ... National flag. ... The Anarchist Black Cross was originally called the Anarchist Red Cross. The band Redd Kross was originally called Red Cross. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The official flag of Georgia is the five-cross flag, restored to official use on January 14, 2004 after a break of some 500 years. ...


Other noteworthy crosses

The Crux, or Southern Cross, is a cross-shaped constellation in the Southern Hemisphere. For other uses, see Crux (disambiguation). ... Southern Cross is the English name of Crux Australis, a constellation visible in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Photo of the familiar constellation Orion. ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ...


The tallest cross, at 152.4 metres high, is part of Francisco Franco's monumental "Valley of the Fallen", the Monumento Nacional de Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caidos in Spain. “Franco” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caídos. ...


The tallest cross in the United States, at 198 feet (60.3 m) tall, is allegedly located in Effingham, Illinois, at the junction of Interstates 57 and 70. The current version of this article or section is written in an informal style and with a personally invested tone. ...


The 5th-century BCE tombs at Naqsh-e Rustam, Iran, are carved into the cliffside in the shape of a cross. They are known as the "Persian crosses". Næqš-e Rostæm, near Shiraz A rock relief at Naqsh-e Rostam, depicting the triumph of Shapur I over three Roman Emperors Valerian, Gordian III and Philip the Arab. ...


See also

In its simplest form, multiplication is a quick way of adding identical numbers. ... A reliquary in the form of an ornate Christian Cross Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... The Cross and Crown is a traditional christian symbol (a cross passing through a crown), appearing in many churches (especially Roman Catholic), that has also been used in heraldry [1] [2]. It is often interpreted as a symbolizing the reward in heaven (the crown) coming after the trials in this... United States rail crossing with crossbucks (Look on the top of the pole in the foreground). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Crucifixion is an ancient method of execution, where the condemned is tied or nailed to a large wooden cross and left to hang until dead. ...

References

  • Koch, Rudolf (1955). The Book of Signs. Dover, NY. ISBN 0-486-20162-7.
  • Webber, F. R. (1927, rev 1938). Church Symbolism: an explanation of the more important symbols of the Old and New Testament, the primitive, the mediaeval and the modern church. Cleveland, OH. OCLC 236708.

The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ...

External links

  • MSN Encarta article
  • Columbia Encyclopedia article
  • Variations of Crosses - Images and Meanings
  • Information about Crosses (Seiyaku.com)
  • www.christiansymbols.net 22 pages of images and meanings.
  • Extensive reference and images of crosses
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
crosses

  Results from FactBites:
 
Christian cross - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1971 words)
The Cross was the first of the Instruments of the Passion that came to be venerated in the form of relics.
Connected with the cross is the medieval legend of the Tree of Jesse, from the wood of which the cross was said to have been fashioned.
Denotes a glorification of the cross, this form was inspired by the cult of the cross that arose after Saint Helena's discovery of the true cross in Jerusalem in 327.
Cross - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1688 words)
A simple heraldic cross (the default if there are no additional specifying words) has arms of roughly equal length, artistically proportioned to the particular shape of the shield, which extend to the edges of the shield.
Illustrated is the blazon "Azure, a cross Or" (i.e.
The Crux, or Southern Cross, is a cross-shaped a constellation in the Southern Hemisphere.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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