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Encyclopedia > Croquette
Cylindrical croquettes.
Cylindrical croquettes.
Circular croquettes.
Circular croquettes.

The croquette or croquet is a parcel of food such as minced meat or vegetables, shaped into a cylinder or circle, encased in breadcrumbs and deep fried. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 555 KB) Croquettes. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 555 KB) Croquettes. ... Forcemeat is a mixture of ground, raw or cooked meat, poultry, fish, vegetables or fruit mixed with bread crumbs and seasoning. ... A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ...

Contents

The Dutch kroket

The kroket is a deep fried snack, made with meat, popular in the Netherlands. It is crunchy on the outside, but very soft and smooth on the inside. A Deep-fried Twinkie Deep-frying is a cooking method whereby food is submerged in hot oil or fat. ...


Each year 300 million croquettes are sold in the Netherlands (which works out to about 18 per person annually), making it the second most-popular snack in the country. This number does not include croquettes made and consumed in domestic kitchens, likely to number in the millions as well. Its popularity is only surpassed by the frikadel, a minced-meat hot dog, of which about 580 million are sold each year. A frikadel (or frikandel) is a Dutch snack, a sort of minced-meat hot dog. ...


Vendors have often tried to market and sell it in other countries, but have failed, even in neighbouring countries like Belgium and Germany. Potato croquettes, however, are quite popular in some parts of Germany and in Belgium.


History

The croquette was actually a French invention, and was introduced in the Netherlands at the start of the 20th century. In 1909, the Dutch patissier Kwekkeboom came across a fried, ragout filled croquette in France. The French used all sorts of fillings to make their croquettes: various kinds of meat, fish, vegetables, nuts and potatoes. Kwekkeboom introduced the croquette to the Netherlands and started producing croquettes filled with good-quality beef. The croquette became hugely popular, and nowadays there are numerous suppliers, though quality and price can differ greatly. Suppliers have experimented with all sorts of croquette fillings, including salmon, asparagus, satay, shrimp, cheese, and goulash. 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A pastry chef or patissier is a specialized chef in a professional kitchen skilled in the making of pastries, slices, and other (usually fancy) baked goods. ... The term ragout (French ragoût) can refer to a main-dish stew or to a sauce for noodles or other starchy foods. ... Kinnikuman character, see Meat Alexandria. ... A giant grouper at the Georgia Aquarium Fish are aquatic vertebrates that are typically cold-blooded; covered with scales, and equipped with two sets of paired fins and several unpaired fins. ... Vegetables on a market Vegetable is a nutritional and culinary term denoting any part of a plant that is commonly consumed by humans as food, but is not regarded as a culinary fruit, nut, herb, spice, or grain. ... Look up nuts in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, grown for its starchy tuber. ... Illustration of a male Coho Salmon The Chinook or King Salmon is the largest salmon in North America and can grow to 1. ... Binomial name Asparagus officinalis L. Asparagus officinalis is a plant species in the family Asparagaceae from which the popular vegetable known as asparagus is obtained. ... Grilled beef satay. ... Superfamilies Alpheoidea Atyoidea Bresilioidea Campylonotoidea Crangonoidea Galatheacaridoidea Nematocarcinoidea Oplophoroidea Palaemonoidea Pandaloidea Pasiphaeoidea Procaridoidea Processoidea Psalidopodoidea Stylodactyloidea True shrimp are swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... Goulash Goulash with gnocchi Goulash is hell on a plate, originally from wisconson, usually made of fried rice, mangos, teenage mutant ninja tutles, and turd powder. ...


The most common kroketten are the normal kroket (the cheapest), kalfskroket (veal), rundvlees kroket (contains at least 20 % beef) and goulash kroket. Many places sell the Kwekkeboom kroket in addition to the normal kroket.


Some (quite fancy) restaurants have special kroketten on their menu, like shrimp kroketten or salmon kroketten.


Production

Since the croquette is basically a ragout fried in breadcrumbs, it is the ragout – and the meat with which it is made – which is the defining ingredient. Different sorts of meat are used, depending on the quality and desired flavour. The cheapest croquettes are made from horsemeat; a little better are pork croquettes; and the best are those made with beef. Often different meats are mixed; the quality of the croquette is then expressed in the percentage of a certain kind of meat it contains. To produce the ragout, a clear soup is drawn from hand-selected and weighed spices, a critical process. Separately a roux made out of butter and flour is created and together with the clear soup, the chopped meat and some gelatine, is steamed in a large kettle. After the mixture has cooled, a layer of breadcrumbs and eggwhite is added. The croquette is then deep-fried. The term ragout (French ragoût) can refer to a main-dish stew or to a sauce for noodles or other starchy foods. ... Breadcrumbs or bread crumbs are small particles of dry or very dry bread, which are used for breading foods, topping casseroles, stuffing poultry, thickening stews, and adding inexpensive bulk to meatloaves and similar dishes. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... For other uses, see Beef (disambiguation). ... External links Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Spice Food Bacteria-Spice Survey Shows Why Some Cultures Like It Hot Citat: ...Garlic, onion, allspice and oregano, for example, were found to be the best all-around bacteria killers (they kill everything). ... Roux (IPA: ) (pronounced like the English word rue) is a mixture of wheat flour and fat. ... Butter is commonly sold in sticks (pictured) or blocks, and frequently served with the use of a butter knife. ... For other uses, see Flour (disambiguation). ... Gelatin (also gelatine) is a translucent brittle solid, colorless or slightly yellow, nearly tasteless and odorless, that is created by prolonged boiling of animal connective tissue. ... Breadcrumbs or bread crumbs are small particles of dry or very dry bread, which are used for breading foods, topping casseroles, stuffing poultry, thickening stews, and adding inexpensive bulk to meatloaves and similar dishes. ... Albumen redirects here. ...


Assorted facts

The 'automatiek' is a typical Dutch vending machine
The 'automatiek' is a typical Dutch vending machine

Croquettes, and frikadels (and other hot snacks like hamburgers) are often sold in snack bars, in particular in automatieken (see also automat). They are often located at railway stations, or in busy shopping streets. One large chain of these automatieks is FEBO. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 889 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kroketten van de FEBO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 889 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Kroketten van de FEBO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about the toaster. ... A vending machine is a machine that provides various snacks, beverages and other products to consumers. ... A modern Dutch automat An automat is a form of restaurant where simple foods and drink are served by coin-operated and bill-operated vending machines. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... Febo on the Nieuwedijk in Amsterdam The automatiek is a typical Dutch vending machine, not found in any other country. ...


Croquettes are often eaten in a bread bun, often with mustard.


Croquettes are so popular in the Netherlands that even McDonalds sells a disk shaped croquette in a bun: the McKroket. McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants [1]. Although McDonalds did not invent the hamburger or fast food, its name has become nearly synonymous with both. ...


Croquettes in other countries

Spain: Croquettes, especially chicken, are also a typical tapas dish. Puntillitas, battered and fried baby squid Olives, an example of tapas For the spiritual concept, see Tapas (Sanskrit). ...


Brazil: Croquettes or croquetes, primarily made from beef, are sold in parts of Brazil as German fare.


the Czech Republic: Krokety are small round balls usually made from potatoes, eggs, flour, butter, and salt that are deep fried in oil. This variety can be ordered in most restaurants as a side dish as well as bought frozen and prepared at home.


Cuba: It is usually made of ham, pork or chicken, or a mix of all three in combination.


Hungary "Krokett" is a small cylindrical dish made similar the Czech variety: potatoes, eggs, flour, butter, and salt that are deep fried in oil. A touch of nutmeg is also used typically. This variety can be ordered in most restaurants as a side dish as well as bought frozen and prepared at home.


India: A potato-filled croquette called alu-tikki is very famous in Northern India, served with a stew; mostly served as snacks at home it is also popularly sold by road-side vendors.


Bangladesh: Similar to the alu-tikki, alu-chop is a common potato filled croquette served throughout Bangladesh, primarily as a snack. Rather than being entirely filled with potato, alu-chop traditionally has a meat-filled center, most often beef.


Japanese cuisine: A relative of the croquette, known as korokke ( コロッケ ) is a very popular fried-food. Every supermarket or butcher shop sells them. There are also korrokke speciality shops in many places. It is generally patty-shaped. It is made of mainly potatoes with some other ingredients such as vegetables (e.g. onions and carrots) and maybe less than 5% meat (e.g. pork or beef). It is often served with a tonkatsu (とんかつ) sauce. The cylindorical shape croquettes are also served, which are often more like its French origin, e.g. the recipe is: Sea food (prawns or crab meat) or chicken in white sauce (ragout), which is cooled down to make it harden before croquette is deep-fried with bread cramb skin outside. When it is served hot, the inside is melting which gives it a special appreciation. It is called cream croquettes, to ditinguish it from the potato varaiety. It is often served with no sauce or tomato sauce. Unlike its Dutch cousin, croquette made mainly of meat are not called korrokkes in Japan. They are called menchi katsu (めんち かつ) i.e. short for minced meat cutlets. There are many views as to what defines Japanese cuisine, as the everyday food of the Japanese people have diversified immensely over the past century or so. ... Korokke (Japanese: コロッケ) is a Japanese deep fried dish originally related to a French dish, croquette. ... Typical Japanese Tonkatsu, served in Seoul, Korea. ...


Indonesia: Kroket is also one of the most popular snack items in Indonesia introduced during the Dutch colonialization.


The Dutch frikadel or frikandel should not be confused with the German frikadelle; the latter is more like a meatball.


Philippines: the Filipino 'croqueta' is derived no doubt from the Spanish colonial era, but unlike the bechamel-filled croquetas in Spain, Filipino croquetas are made with mashed potatoes and chopped meat or fish, usually leftovers. Like most Spanish-influenced foods in the Philippines, croquetas ares served mainly in middle and upper class households.


Urban myth

The ingredients of the cheaper croquettes are the subject of a recurring urban myth, according to which offal, pigs' eyes, cows' udders, chickens' toes, and other animal parts are added to the croquets to provide bulk and flavour. All this is very unlikely since Dutch food law is very strict, and any supplier adding animal waste to food risks being banned from the industry altogether. An urban legend or urban myth is similar to a modern folklore consisting of stories often thought to be factual by those circulating them. ... Scrapple sandwich at the Delaware state fair Offal is the entrails and internal organs of a butchered animal. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article refers to the sight organ. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... A cow udder with 4 teats An udder is the mammary organ of cattle and some other mammals, including goats and sheep. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Toes are the digits of the foot of a human or animal. ... “Animalia” redirects here. ... This article is about flavor, the sensory impression. ... Waste inside a wheelie bin Waste in a bin bag Waste, rubbish, trash, garbage, or junk is unwanted or undesired material. ...


See also

A rissole (from Latin russeolus, meaning reddish, via French) is a small croquette, enclosed in pastry or rolled in breadcrumbs, usually baked or deep fried. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Croquettes
  • Picture of croquettes
  • Recipe for homemade croquettes
  • Picture of an automatiek
  • Recipe for real Dutch Croquettes

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