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Encyclopedia > Croquet
Winslow Homer: Croquet, 1864

Croquet is a game played both as a recreational pastime and as a competitive sport which involves hitting wooden or plastic balls with a mallet through hoops embedded into the grass playing arena. For other uses, see Small talk. ... Real time, interactive, 3D map of this very same world. ... Download high resolution version (2560x1576, 329 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2560x1576, 329 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Winslow Homer Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910) was an North American landscape painter and printmaker, most famous for his marine subjects. ... Tug of war is an easily organized, impromptu game that requires little equipment. ... A hobby is a spare-time recreational pursuit. ...



It seems that the origin of this game is found in the game of "mail" (as in "hammer" in old French) played in the french countryside during middle-ages. Borrowed by the British during the 14th century, the modern game was apparently invented in Ireland in the 1830s, influenced by cricket, and as a distant cousin of golf and taken to England as a pastime of the aristocracy in the 1850s, and by the 1870 to its colonies. It may have evolved from the earlier mallet and ball game pall mall. // Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Evolutionary theorist Charles Darwins expedition on the HMS Beagle. ... Bowler Shaun Pollock bowls to batsman Michael Hussey. ... This article is about the sport. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      The term aristocracy refers to a form of government where power is held by a small number of individuals from an elite or from noble families. ... // Production of steel revolutionized by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Railroads begin to supplant canals in the United States as a primary means of transporting goods. ... // The invention of the telephone (1876) by Alexander Graham Bell. ... Pall mall illustrated in Old English Sports, Pastimes and Customs, published 1891 Pall mall (pronounced pal-mal) or palle maille was a game played in the 16th and 17th centuries, and a precursor to croquet. ...

Croquet made its way to Canada, the United States, Australia, and France, and while never hugely popular has continued to maintain a substantial following.

Competitive croquet

Croquet was an event at the 1900 Summer Olympics and Roque, a variation on croquet, an event at the 1904 Summer Olympics. One of the best known croquet clubs is the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, originally the All England Croquet Club, which hosts the annual Wimbledon tennis championships. At the 1900 Summer Olympics, three croquet events were contested. ... Roque is an American variant of Croquet game (the name was derived by removing the first and last letters). ... At the 1904 Summer Olympics, a roque individual tournament was contested. ... The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club is based at Wimbledon in the London Borough of Merton, at grid reference TQ242721. ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ...

There are several variations of croquet currently played, differing in the scoring systems, order of shots, and layout (particularly in social games where play must be adapted to smaller-than-standard playing courts). Two forms of the game, Association Croquet and Golf Croquet, have rules that are agreed internationally and are played in many countries around the world. More unusual variations of the game include Mondo Croquet, eXtreme Croquet, and Bicycle Croquet. eXtreme Croquet is a variation on croquet mainly distinguished by its lack of any requirement pertaining to out-of-bounds or field specifications. ...

As well as club-level games, there are regular world championships and international matches between croquet-playing countries. The sport has particularly strong followings in the UK, USA, New Zealand and Australia; every four years, these countries play the MacRobertson Shield tournament. Many other countries also play. 2003 MacRobertson International Croquet Shield logo The MacRobertson International Croquet Shield is the premier croquet teams event in the world. ...

Some people consider croquet to be viciously competitive. However, the ability in versions other than Golf Croquet to gain extra strokes favour players who position balls with more care, rather than simply as far away from everything else as possible. At championship standard Association Croquet, players can often make all 26 points (13 for each ball) in two turns.

Association croquet

Croquet being played at a club in the UK

In Association Croquet one player (or in doubles, one team) takes the black and blue balls, the other takes red and yellow. On each turn, the player can choose to play either of his balls, and must continue to play that ball for the rest of the turn. The turn continues provided he or she either a) hits the ball through the correct hoop ("runs" a hoop), or b) hits another ball (a "roquet"). Upon hitting another ball, the player must play their next shot with the two balls touching: this is the "croquet stroke" from which the game takes its name. After the croquet stroke, the player is allowed a further "continuation" stroke, during which the player must again attempt to make a roquet or run a hoop. Each of the other three balls may be roqueted at most once until a hoop is run, at which point they become available again. The winner is the player who, with both balls, completes a prescribed circuit of twelve hoops and then strikes the centre peg. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 1256 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Croquet User:Pschemp/Gallery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 1256 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Croquet User:Pschemp/Gallery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera...

Good players will often make "breaks" of several hoops in a single turn, and the best players routinely take a ball round the full circuit in one turn. As long breaks became more common, "Advanced Play" (a variant of association play for expert players) was introduced. This gives penalties to a player who run certain hoops in the same turn. In response, feats of skill such as triple peels and even sextuple peels, in which the partner ball (or occasionally an opponent ball) is caused to run a number of hoops in a turn by the striker's ball, became more common in order to avoid the penalties.

Success in Association Croquet depends on a combination of physical skill and careful strategy, and perhaps most of all on cool assessment of risks and probabilities. A handicap system ensures that less experienced players always have a chance of winning even against formidable opponents. Players of all ages and both sexes compete on level terms.

Over the years, Association Croquet has become highly sophisticated, giving rise to innovative strokes such as the Von Schmieder Sweep This is a novel stroke played on a hoop-bound ball when it lies about 9-14" directly behind the hoop. It allows you to roquet a reception ball lying further behind the hoop. The stroke is played with the mallet held horizontally with the shaft 2-3" off the ground. The ball is believed to be pulled in towards the striker rather than travel along the tangent to the sweep.

The current (August 05) Association Croquet World Champion is Reginald Bamford (RSA). The UK recently won the MacRobertson International Croquet Shield, the major international trophy in Association Croquet. Reginald Bamford (born c. ... 2003 MacRobertson International Croquet Shield logo The MacRobertson International Croquet Shield is the premier croquet teams event in the world. ...

Golf croquet

In Golf Croquet each player takes turns trying to hit a ball through the same hoop, the winner being the player who manages to hit the ball through the most hoops first. Golf Croquet has the advantage of being easier to learn and play, but its critics claim that the lack of croquet strokes in the game means that it is less intellectually demanding. There are other variations popular in other croquet-playing nations.

Golf Croquet is the fastest-growing version of the game[citation needed], owing largely to its simplicity and fierce competitiveness. Egyptian players overwhelmingly dominate the game.

The current (March 06) Golf Croquet World Champion is Mohammed Nasr (Egypt).

American six-wicket croquet

The "American-rules" version of croquet -- another six-wicket-layout game -- is the dominant game in the United States and puts strong emphasis on strategy. Its genesis is mostly in the international game, but it differs in a number of important ways, most notably in that a ball's "deadness" on other balls is carried over from turn to turn, until the ball has been "cleared" by scoring a wicket. This leads to complicated strategic and tactical problems.

Shot-making ability is relatively less important in the American game than in the international game, and top-level international-rules players are, almost invariably, vastly superior shot makers.

American-rules enthusiasts enjoy the greater mental challenge of their game, along with the reduction in importance of shot-making skill. It is a maxim of the game that good strategy will beat pure physical skill more often than not, and this allows players with fewer physical gifts to be competitive in the sport.

American-rules croquet owes few of its rules but a great deal of its spirit, strategy, and tactics to Kentucky croquet, a variant of croquet played with nine wickets on clay courts. The best-known star of Kentucky croquet was Archie Burchfield, who discovered American six-wicket croquet in the early 1980s, quickly became one of its best players, and introduced new strategies and tactics that enlivened the game. Burchfield died in February, 2005.

The governing body of the American-rules game is the United States Croquet Association. In 1977, Jack Osborn organized five Eastern clubs (including the Westhampton Mallet Club, Croquet Club of Bermuda, Green Gables Croquet Club, New York Croquet Club, and Palm Beach Croquet Club) into the United States Croquet Association (USCA), and wrote a new rule book for an American version of the six...

Top American-rules players as of early 2005 include:

Doug Grimsley, Mike Jenner, Kenster Rosenberry, Brian Cumming, Jackie Jones, Leo McBride, Mik Mehas, Jeff Soo, and perhaps the American game's most notable player, John C. Osborn, the son of USCA founder Jack Osborn. USCA may stand for: United States Court of Appeals University Students Cooperative Association, a student housing cooperative in Berkeley, California, United States United States Croquet Association United States Curling Association United States of Central America This page expands a four-character combination which might be any or all of: an...

Two important American croquet publications are Croquet World Online [1] and the National Croquet Calendar.

Backyard croquet

An informal "backyard croquet" match, Michigan, United States, 1994.

Croquet has become a popular backyard game in Canada and America, where croquet sets are commonplace in most department stores and sports shops. Such sets typically consist of 6 wooden mallets with plastic bumpers on both striking surfaces. The mallet head and handle usually come unassembled and are joined by screwing the handle into the head. The 6 balls are either of wood or, more commonly, plastic. They are coloured blue, red, black, yellow, green and orange. Also included are 9 wire wickets and two wooden stakes. There is often a carrying case or stand with the set. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1696x876, 1007 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Croquet ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1696x876, 1007 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Croquet ...

Setup is just as in standard 9-wicket rules. It is a double-diamond pattern formed by 7 wickets, with the middle wicket serving as a shared point for both diamonds. Beyond the wickets at either end are one additional wicket and one stake. The diagram included with the set indicates that there is to be a 6 foot distance separating the wickets at the outer end of each diamond, and 6 more feet between the outermost wickets and the starting and turning stakes. In practice, however, this part of the diagram is typically disregarded, and a mere "mallets-head-length" (about 10 inches) separates one wicket from the other, and the outermost wicket from the stake. This allows the ball to more easily be hit through both wickets in one stroke.

The standard game is "cut-throat," with each player trying to beat all the others through the course to the final stake. A player's score is disregarded. Instead, the game is considered a race. The game is sometimes considered over as soon as the first player strikes the final stake. Alternatively, players continue playing for second place, third place, etc., until only one player's ball remains.

Play order is determined by the order of the stripes painted from top to bottom on the stakes. The mallets are sometimes also painted in multicoloured stripes to remind players of the playing order. The usual order is blue, red, black, yellow, green, and finally orange. After orange is done, play continues with blue again. This order sometimes varies, depending on the set being used.

The first player begins by setting his or her ball beside or in front of the first stake. The player then attempts to strike the ball through the first two wickets. Though disallowed in some yards, players might sometimes use the technique of striking the ball not with the end of the mallet, but with the side, or even shoving it with the side, rather than striking it. Another technique disallowed in some yards, but tolerated in others, is to set the ball in direct contact with the stake, and to propel it by striking the stake, rather than the ball itself.

A bonus stroke is granted for each wicket the ball goes through. At the starting and turning stakes, two bonus strokes would be granted for getting the ball through both wickets in one stroke.

Two bonus strokes are also granted for hitting another ball. Hitting a ball cancels out all bonus strokes accumulated from wickets, and going through a wicket cancels all bonus strokes accumulated from hitting a ball. A player can therefore acquire no more than 2 bonus strokes at a time.

If a player hits another ball, that player is considered "dead" on that ball, and can acquire no more bonus strokes from hitting that ball until he or she has gone through the next wicket (or struck the next stake) in the course.

After hitting another ball and gaining bonus strokes from it, a player has three choices as to ball placement. The player may play the ball where it lies, pick up the ball and place it right next to the struck ball, or pick up the ball and place it one mallets-head-length away from the struck ball.

Croquet at the South Pole

If the ball is placed right next to the struck ball, the player may "send" the other ball by placing a foot on his or her own ball and then striking it so as to send the other ball away. Care must be taken not to unintentionally send one's own ball during this manoeuvre, and not to injure one's own foot with an overzealous and poorly aimed swing. Holding the ball in place with a hand, rather than a foot, is also acceptable in some yards. A "send" counts as one stroke, and the player has one more stroke after performing it. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 785 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 785 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Players must play their balls through the wickets in a certain order. From the starting stake and the first two wickets, they proceed forward and right to the third wicket, then forward and left to the fourth, middle wicket, then forward and right to the fifth wicket, then forward and left to the sixth and seventh wickets, and then to the turning stake. After striking the turning stake, the player may pick up the ball and place it again in the same manner as with the starting stake, or else play it where it lies. The player then proceeds back through wickets 7 and 6, in that order, then forward and right to the eighth wicket, then forward and left to the fourth, middle wicket (going through the other direction, this time), then forward and right through the ninth wicket, then forward and left through wickets 2 and 1 in that order, and finally striking the starting stake to win the game. Players do not get bonus strokes for going through a wicket backwards, or out of the proper order.

There are as many variations on these rules as there are yards in which the game is played, and care must be taken to make the "house rules" clear before the start of the game.

One popular variation is "Poison" or "Snake" rules. In this game, a ball that reaches the starting stake again is considered a Snake, or Poison. This ball "kills" or eliminates other non-poisonous balls from play if it strikes them, or is struck by them. If a Snake hits another Snake, the struck Snake is killed. If a Snake hits a stake or goes through a wicket in any direction, it is killed. If a non-poisonous ball strikes a poison, it may do the same things as if it had hit another ball. That includes sending the poison through a wicket, killing it. The last player on the course wins the game. Just as with regular balls, a Snake gains 2 bonus strokes for hitting another ball. The scoring for this type of croquet is as follows: the more wickets you go through the higher in the rankings you are. So, if one person goes through half the wickets, and one person gets poison, then the poison person cannot do worse than the person who hasn't gotten poison yet.

Another variation is team play, where pairs or trios of players compete against other teams to be the first with all members completing the course. Teams are typically blue, black and green versus red, yellow and orange. In couples play, it is blue and black versus red and yellow, or blue and yellow versus red and green versus black and orange.

Yet another variation is "Obstacle" or "Golf" rules, in which players must go through a unique course of wickets that has been designed to be long and difficult. Wickets are often placed in inconvenient spots, such as under bushes or on the sides of hills. The idea here is to maximize originality and absurdity, and there are often numerous additional rules toward this aim, such as the rule that you may not take a stroke without a drink (preferably alcoholic) in your hand.

The United States Croquet Association (USCA) is the governing body of croquet in the United States. The Official USCA 9 Wicket Croquet Website is http://www.9wicketcroquet.com

Croquet variants

Mondo croquet

Mondo Croquet is just like regular croquet only much, much bigger. Mondo Croquet is played on an enlarged figure 8 course using sledge hammers and bowling balls. Bent rebar is used to create the course. Standard zombie rules apply, with slight modifications. Official rules can be found on the official web site.

Mondo Croquet was created in 1998 by Lord Peters. Annual World Championships are held every summer in Portland, Oregon. Mad Hatter attire is required. Nickname: Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter Area  - City 376. ... For the bank robber, see Mad Hatter (Bank Robber). ...

Xtreme croquet

Taking the principles of backyard croquet to the next level results in the phenomenon of Xtreme Croquet. This variant shuns the serene settings of traditional croquet for more challenging terrain including those that contain trees, roots, hills, sand, mud, or moving or still water. Xtreme Croquet uses the traditional English figure-eight standard layout, but several additional rules, rules that vary from location to location, are also employed. eXtreme Croquet is a variation on croquet mainly distinguished by its lack of any requirement pertaining to out-of-bounds or field specifications. ...

Bicycle croquet

Based on the rules of conventional croquet Bicycle Croquet probably came about in and around Graz/Austria in the beginning of the 20th century. The modern variation of Bicycle Croquet (from German "Fahrradkrocket") has been played since 1997, when Mike Fugeman (England) and Wolfgang Wendlinger (Austria) reinvented the Sport in Aigen im Ennstal/Austria. The homepage of BCCGraz (Bicycle Croquet Club Graz) gives the following description of the sport:

Bicycle croquet - the game
In addition to a high level of fairness BC demands strict control over a player's body and soul. The correct control over ones bicycle is essential for an exciting and stimulating BC-game. The Rund (German for ball) is played through the gates by the Holz (mallet, German for wood). A time limit of 10 seconds has to be met for every individual play. The players alternate strokes and are not allowed to touch the ground with any part of their body. He or she who manages first to hit the peak at the end of the course with their runds wins the game.

Croquet terms

Backward ball
The ball of a side that has scored fewer hoops (compare with 'forward ball').
Ball in hand
The term when the striker can pick up a ball to change its position, for example:
  1. any ball when it leaves the court has to be replaced on the yard-line
  2. the striker’s ball after making a roquet must be placed in contact with the roqueted ball
  3. the striker’s ball when the striker is entitled to a lift.
Ball in play
A ball after it has been played into the game, which is not a ball in hand or pegged out.
A ball which has not scored the first wicket. In the American USCA rules, a popular strategy employs the use of one or more boobys and is referred to as the "out-game".
Bisque, half-bisque
A bisque is a free turn in a handicap match. A half-bisque is a restricted handicap turn in which no point may be scored.
To end a turn by making a mistake.
Continuation stroke
Either (i) the bonus stroke played after running a hoop in order or (ii) the second bonus stroke played after making a roquet.
(Second syllable rhymes with "play") The croquet is the first bonus shot played after making a roquet. The striker croquets by placing his ball in contact with the roqueted ball and striking his ball so that both balls move.
Playing two games on one croquet lawn at once.
Double tap
A fault in which the mallet makes more than one audible sound when it strikes the ball.
Forward ball
The ball of a side that has scored more hoops (compare with 'backward ball').
Metal U-shaped gate pushed into ground. (Called a 'wicket' in the US).
Object ball
A ball which is going to be rushed.
Peg out
To cause a rover ball to strike the peg and conclude its active involvement in the game.
To send a ball other than the striker’s ball through its target hoop.
Primary colours or First colours
The main croquet ball colours used which are blue, red, black and yellow (in order of play). Blue and black, and red and yellow, are played by the same player or pair.
A fault when the mallet pushes the striker’s ball, rather than making a clean strike.
(Second syllable rhymes with "play") When the striker’s ball hits a ball that he is entitled to then take a croquet shot with. At the start of a turn, the striker is entitled to roquet all the other three balls once. Once the striker's ball goes through its target hoop, it is again entitled to roquet the other balls once.
Rover ball
A ball that has run all twelve hoops and can be pegged out.
Rover hoop
The last hoop, indicated by a red top bar. The first hoop has a blue top.
Run a hoop
To send the striker’s ball through a hoop. If the hoop is the hoop in order for the striker’s ball, the striker earns a bonus stroke.
A roquet when the roqueted ball is sent to a specific position on the court, such as the next hoop for the striker’s ball or close to a ball that the striker wishes to roquet next.
Scatter shot
A continuation stroke used to hit a ball which may not be roqueted in order to send it to a less dangerous position.
Secondary colours or second colours (Also known as Alternate colours)
The colours of the balls used in the second game played on the same court in double-banking, green, pink, brown and white (in order of play). Green and brown, and pink and white, are played by the same player or pair.
A ball sent to a boundary to entice an opponent to shoot at it but miss.
US term for 'hoop' (UK)
When a hoop or the peg impedes the path of a strike ball, or the swing of the mallet.

Croquet in art and literature

The Croquet Game, Édouard Manet, 1873.
  • Winslow Homer, Édouard Manet, Louise Abbéma and Pierre Bonnard all have paintings titled The Croquet Game.
  • Norman Rockwell often depicted the game, including in his painting Croquet.
  • A favorite subject of Edward Gorey, a croquet reference often appeared in the first illustration of his books. The Epiplectic Bicycle opens with two illustrations of the main characters playing with croquet mallets.
  • H. G. Wells wrote The Croquet Player, which uses croquet as a metaphor for the way in which man confronts the very problem of his own existence.
  • Lewis Carroll featured a surreal version of the game in the popular children's novel Alice in Wonderland, A hedgehog was used as the ball, a flamingo the mallet, and playing cards as the wickets.
  • In the Thursday Next series of novels, notably Something Rotten, Jasper Fforde depicts an alternative world in which croquet is a mass spectator sport. In the final of the Superhoop '88, Thursday Next leads the Swindon Mallets to victory over their arch-rivals, the Reading Whackers, by engaging the services of a group of Neanderthals, thereby saving the world from imminent destruction.

Download high resolution version (2048x1405, 373 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1405, 373 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Articles with similar titles include Claude Monet, another painter of the same era. ... Winslow Homer Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910) was an North American landscape painter and printmaker, most famous for his marine subjects. ... Articles with similar titles include Claude Monet, another painter of the same era. ... Louise Abbéma (30 October 1858 – 1927) was a French impressionist painter and designer, born in Etampes. ... The Dining Room in the Country Pierre Bonnard (October 3, 1867 – January 23, 1947) was a French painter and printmaker. ... Norman Percevel Rockwell (February 3, 1894 – November 8, 1978) was a 20th century American painter. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) – believed to be a self-portrait Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (IPA: ) (January 27, 1832 – January 14, 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican clergyman and photographer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Thursday Next is the protagonist in the series of novels by Jasper Fforde. ... Something Rotten is the fourth book in the Thursday Next series by Jasper Fforde. ... Jasper Fforde (born in London on 11 January 1961) is a novelist and aviator living in Wales. ... Thursday Next is the protagonist in the series of novels by Jasper Fforde. ...

Croquet in politics

On 25 May 2006, the British Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott was photographed by the Mail on Sunday playing croquet at his official residence, Dorneywood. [2] Following shortly after a sexual scandal [3] that had forced Prescott to resign his ministerial responsibilities while retaining his salary and privileges [4], the incident was portrayed as evidence that Prescott had little real responsibility for running the country during the absence of the Prime Minister. Shortly afterwards, Prescott announced that he would no longer make use of the Dorneywood residence. A Deputy Prime Minister is a member of a nations cabinet who can take the position of acting Prime Minister when the real Prime Minister is temporarily absent. ... John Leslie Prescott (born 31 May 1938) is a British Labour Party politician, former Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Secretary of State and current Member of Parliament for the constituency of Hull East. ... The Daily Mail and its Sunday edition the Mail on Sunday are British newspapers, first published in 1896. ... Dorneywood is a moderately large Queen Anne style house built in 1920, near Burnham in Buckinghamshire. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ...

It was also reported that the incident led to a 300% increase in sales of croquet equipment at ASDA [5], while the TV Five announced that they would be running a series featuring croquet matches played at country houses pitting "rich" against "poor" players. [6] ASDA is a chain of supermarkets in the United Kingdom offering food, clothing and general merchandise products. ... Five, launched in 1997, is the fifth and final national terrestrial analogue television channel to launch in the United Kingdom. ...

Croquet clubs

Although croquet has fallen in popularity in recent decades, there still are many croquet clubs across the United States. Many colleges have croquet clubs, as well, such as Bates College and Harvard University. Notably, St. John's College and the U.S. Naval Academy engage in a yearly match in Annapolis, Maryland. Both schools also compete at the collegiate level, and the rivalry continues to be an Annapolis tradition. Bates College is a private liberal arts college, founded in 1855 by abolitionists, located in Lewiston, Maine, in the United States. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... St. ... Teamwork: Fourth Class Midshipmen lock arms and use ropes made from uniform items as they brace themselves climbing the Herndon Monument The United States Naval Academy, or USNA, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps. ... City nickname: Americas Sailing Capital Location in the state of Maryland Founded 1649 Mayor Ellen O. Moyer (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 19. ...

UBC Croquet Society

Arizona Croquet Club

For croquet clubs in the UK visit The Croquet Association's Clubs and Federations page.

Also see

Gateball is a mallet sport similar to croquet. ... Lawn game is a generic term for outdoor games that can be played on a lawn. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
Croquet Australia: How To Play Croquet (692 words)
The image of croquet varies between the 19th century garden parties with ladies dressed in crinolines and the game being played by the Queen and Alice in Alice in Wonderland with flamingoes as the mallets and hedgehogs as the balls.
The laws of Association Croquet are determined by the national bodies of the four main croquet playing countries - Australia, New Zealand, the USA and the United Kingdom.
In the USA, some croquet is played using "American" rules which differ in a number of respects from Association Croquet although the equipment and court layout remains the same.
  More results at FactBites »



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