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Encyclopedia > Croatian kuna
Croatian kuna
hrvatska kuna (Croatian)
200 kuna 5 kuna
200 kuna 5 kuna
ISO 4217 Code HRK
User(s) Croatia
Inflation 3.4%
Source The World Factbook, 2006 est.
Subunit
1/100 lipa
Symbol kn
Plural The language(s) of this currency belong(s) to the Slavic languages. There is more than one way to construct plural forms. See article.
Coins
Freq. used 5, 10, 20, 50 lipa, 1, 2, 5 kn
Rarely used 1, 2 lipa, 25 kn
Banknotes
Freq. used 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 kn
Rarely used 5, 500, 1000 kn
Central bank Croatian National Bank
Website www.hnb.hr
Printer Giesecke & Devrient
Website www.gi-de.com

The kuna is the currency of Croatia (ISO 4217 code: HRK). The word "kuna" means "marten" in Croatian since it is based on the use of marten pelts as units of value in medieval trading. It has no relation to the various currencies named "koruna". KUNA-LP Channel 15 is a Telemundo affiliate in Indio-Palm Springs, CA. Also owned by KESQ-TV (ABC), KCWB (WB), and KDFX 33 (FOX) KUNA-LP signed on the air as K15EI on May 15, 1996 and switched to KUNA-LP on March 31, 2003. ... Image File history File links Kuna_200. ... Image File history File links Croazia_5_kune. ... Look up plural in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... The Croatian National Bank (or HNB for Croatian Hrvatska Narodna Banka) is the central bank of the Republic of Croatia. ... The word printer is used to describe a company that provides commercial printing services, involving typesetting, printing and book-binding. ... Giesecke & Devrient (G&D) is a German company headquartered in Munich that provides banknote and securities printing, smart cards, and cash handling systems. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Species Martes americana Martes flavigula Martes foina Martes gwatkinsii Martes martes Martes melampus Martes pennanti Martes zibellina For the Wiltshire village see Marten, Wiltshire. ... The koruna is the name of several European currencies and former currencies: Czech koruna Slovak koruna Austro-Hungarian krone (localized as koruna in Czech/Slovak) Bohemian and Moravian koruna Czechoslovak koruna Slovak koruna (WWII) The word koruna means crown in English. ...

Contents

Early usage

During Roman times, in the provinces of upper and lower Pannonia (today Hungary and Slavonia), taxes were collected in the then highly valued marten skins. Hence, the Croatian word "marturina" or tax, derived from the Latin word "martus" (Croatian: "kuna"). The kuna was a currency unit in several Slavic states, most notably Kievan Rus and its successors until the early 15th century. It was equal to 125 (later 150) gryvna of silver. For other uses, see Pannonia (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Taxes redirects here. ... Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Ру́сь, Kievskaya Rus in Russian; Київська Русь, Kyivs’ka Rus’ in Ukrainian) was the early, mostly East Slavic¹ state dominated by the city of Kiev (ru: Ки́ев, Kiev; uk: Ки́їв, Kyiv), from about 880 to the middle of the 12th century. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The hryvnia (Ukrainian гривня) has been the national currency of Ukraine since 1996 when it replaced the coupon (or karbovanets), the temporary currency used after Ukraine left the Soviet Union and the ruble zone. ... This article is about the chemical element. ...


In the Middle Ages, many foreign monies were used in Croatia, but since at least 1018 a local currency was in use. Between 1260 and 1380 the Croatian Viceroys were making a marten-adorned silver coin called the banovac [1][2]. However, the diminishing autonomy of Croatia within the Croatia-Hungarian Kingdom led to the gradual disappearance of that currency. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Banovac Banovac, banski denar or banica is the name of the coin forged and used in Croatia between 1235 and 1384. ... The official entering of Croatia into personal union with Hungary, becoming part of the Kingdom of Hungary, had several important consequences. ...


First kuna, 1939-1945

The idea of a kuna currency reappeared in 1939 when the Banovina of Croatia, established within the Yugoslav Monarchy, planned to issue its own money. The Banovina of Croatia (1939-1941). ...


The Croatian kuna was introduced in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) on 26 July 1941. It was subdivided into 100 banica. The kuna replace the Yugoslav dinar at par and was fixed to the German Reichsmark (RM) with dual exchange rates,[citation needed] one fixed at 20 kuna = 1 RM, the other a state-stimulated rate of Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian Religion Roman Catholicism Political structure Puppet-state King  - 1941-1943 Tomislav II Poglavnik  - 1941-1945 Ante Pavelić Legislature None Historical era World War II  - Established April 10, 1941  - Disestablished May 8, 1945 Population  - 1941 est. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... User(s) Yugoslavia Subunit 1/100 para Symbol din. ... User(s) Germany Subunit 1/100 Reichspfennig Symbol RM Reichspfennig Rpf. ...

The kuna was withdrawn from circulation from 30 June to 9 July 1945 and replaced by the 1944 issue of the Yugoslav dinar at a rate of 40 kuna = 1 dinar. is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Coins

Zinc coins were issued in denominations of 1 and 2 kune in 1941 but only the 2 kune pieces are available today in appreciable numbers.


Banknotes

10 kuna 100 kuna 500 kuna

Kuna banknotes were introduced by the government in 1941, in denominations of 10, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 kuna. These were followed in 1942 by notes for 50 banica and 1 and 2 kuna. In 1943, the Hrvatska Državna Banka (Croatian State Bank) introduced 100, 1000 and 5000 kuna notes. The notes were printed in Germany by Giesecke & Devrient. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (757x763, 132 KB) Template:Description=10 Kuna bill File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Croatian kuna ... Image File history File links 100_CroKuna_1941_FrontAndBack. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x633, 84 KB) Template:Description=100 Kuna bill File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Croatian kuna ... Giesecke & Devrient (G&D) is a German company headquartered in Munich that provides banknote and securities printing, smart cards, and cash handling systems. ...


Notes were also issued by partisan groups. These included the Zagreb Government Region (Oblasni Narod. Oslobod. Odbor Zagrebačke Oblasti), the Croatian Anti-Fascist Authority (Zemaljsko Antifašističko Vijeće Hrvatske) and the Croatian Anti-Fascist Government Authority (Zemaljsko Antifašističko Vijeće Narodnog Oslobodenja Hrvatske). The Zagreb Government Region issued notes for 500, 1000, 5000, 10,000 and 50,000 kuna. The Croatian Anti-Fascist Authority and Croatian Anti-Fascist Government Authority issued notes in 1943, denominated in both dinara and kuna, for 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10,000 and 100,000 kuna/dinara. Notes for 100, 500 and 1000 lire were also issued without indication as to the value in kuna. Yugoslav Partisan Flag The Partisans (lat. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ...


Second kuna, 1994-present

The modern kuna was introduced in June, 1994, after a transitional period during which the Yugoslav dinar was replaced with the Croatian dinar. The exchange rate between dinar and kuna was 1 kuna = 1000 dinara. The modern kuna is subdivided into 100 lipa. The word lipa means "linden (lime) tree". The kuna is issued by the Croatian National Bank and the coins are minted by the Croatian Monetary Institute. Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... User(s) Yugoslavia Subunit 1/100 para Symbol din. ... Obverse and reverse of 10 Croatian dinars Croatian dinar was official currency in Croatia from December 23, 1991 (replacing the Yugoslav dinar) to May 30, 1994 (replaced by the kuna). ... Lipa City is a 1st class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Species About 30; see text A lime-lined avenue in Alexandra Park, London Tilia leaf Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia (where the greatest species diversity is found), Europe and eastern North America; it is absent... The Croatian National Bank (or HNB for Croatian Hrvatska Narodna Banka) is the central bank of the Republic of Croatia. ...


The choice of the name kuna was controversial for a number of Croatian citizens, including the Serb minority, as this currency name had been used by the World War II Independent State of Croatia. The Croatian government claimed continuity in the historical use of marten pelts, the use of a marten adorned coin by Croatian viceroys and the consideration of the kuna during the Banovina of Croatia in the first Yugoslavia. Detractors accused the government of attempting to establish symbolic continuity of modern Croatia with the WWII extremist regime, and using these relatively little known historical facts as an excuse. An alternative proposition for the name of the new currency was kruna (crown) after the Austro-Hungarian krone. However, this proposition was challenged on the same basis as the previous, since the kruna was proposed to be divided in 100 banica. Additionally, terms like kruna (crown) and banica (viceroy's wife) were found inappropriate for the country which is a republic. [3] The transition to the new currency went smoothly and the controversy quickly blew over. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian Religion Roman Catholicism Political structure Puppet-state King  - 1941-1943 Tomislav II Poglavnik  - 1941-1945 Ante Pavelić Legislature None Historical era World War II  - Established April 10, 1941  - Disestablished May 8, 1945 Population  - 1941 est. ... The Banovina of Croatia (1939-1941). ... The modern period in Croatian history begins in 1990 with the countrys change of political and economic system as well as achieving independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. ... User(s) Austria-Hungary, Liechtenstein Subunit 1/100 heller fillér Symbol K, kr Coins 1, 2, 10, 20 heller / fillér 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 100 Krone(n) / korona Banknotes 1, 2, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 200, 1000, 10 000 Krone(n) / korona Austro-Hungarian Bank This...


The self-proclaimed Serbian entity Republic of Serbian Krajina did not use the kuna or the Croatian dinar. Instead, they issued their own dinar until Krajina was integrated back into Croatia in 1995. Self-proclaimed Serbian entity in Croatia Republic of Serbian Krajina show in red Capital Knin Government Republic Governors (1990-1995) Milan Babić Goran Hadžić  - Serbian zone of Croatia Milan Martić Historical era Yugoslav wars  - Breakup of Yugoslavia 1990-June 25, 1991  - Creation of SAO Krajina December 21, 1990  - Secession... Obverse and reverse of 10 Croatian dinars Croatian dinar was official currency in Croatia from December 23, 1991 (replacing the Yugoslav dinar) to May 30, 1994 (replaced by the kuna). ... Krajina Dinar, 5 million dinar note The dinar was the currency in Republic of Serbian Krajina between 1992 amd 1994. ...


Coins

In 1994, coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 20, 20 and 50 lipa, 1, 2 and 5 kuna. The coins are issued in two versions: one with the name of the plant or animal in Croatian (issued in odd years), the other with the name in Latin (issued in even years). In mathematics, the parity of an object refers to whether it is even or odd. ... A year (from Old English gēr) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... In mathematics, the parity of an object refers to whether it is even or odd. ... A year (from Old English gēr) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ...

Denomination Obverse Design
1 lipa Maize (Zea mays)
2 lipe Grapevine (Vitis vinifera)
5 lipa Oak (Quercus robur)
10 lipa Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)
20 lipa Olive (Olea europaea)
50 lipa Degenia (Degenia velebitica)
1 kuna Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos)
2 kune Tuna (Thunnus thynnus)
5 kuna Brown Bear (Ursus arctos)

A number of commemorative designs have also been issued for circulation, see Commemorative coins of the Croatian kuna. This article is about the maize plant. ... Binomial name Vitis vinifera L. For thousands of years, the fruit and plant of Vitis vinifera, the European grapevine, have been harvested for both medicinal and nutritional value; its history is intimately entwined with the history of wine. ... Binomial name Quercus robur L. The Pedunculate Oak or English Oak (Quercus robur) is native to most of Europe, and to Asia Minor to the Caucasus, and also to parts of North Africa. ... Species N. glauca N. longiflora N. rustica N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005 Tobacco (, L.) refers to a genus of broad-leafed plants of the nightshade family indigenous to North and South America, or to the dried and cured leaves of such plants. ... Binomial name L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Syria and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian Sea. ... Degenia (Croatian - Velebitska degenia) is a endemicplant which is found on some parts of Velebit (although there have been reports of finding a plant in some other places in Croatia and Bosnia). ... Binomial name Luscinia megarhynchos (Brehm, 1831) This article is about the bird. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 at Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan, Japan The northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) is a species of tuna fish, living in both the Western and the Eastern Atlantic Ocean and extending into the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. ... Bears are big and have big ass, thats why bears are hot, and thats why cats are not. ...


Banknotes

Present-day Croatian banknotes
Present-day Croatian banknotes
Denomination Obverse Design Reverse Design
5 kuna Petar Zrinski and
Fran Krsto Frankopan
Varaždin's Old Town fortress, mirrored view
10 kuna Juraj Dobrila Arena colosseum in Pula
20 kuna Josip Jelačić The castle of Count Eltz in Vukovar
50 kuna Ivan Gundulić Dubrovnik;
historic, UNESCO-protected town core
100 kuna Ivan Mažuranić Rijeka; church of St. Vid
200 kuna Stjepan Radić Osijek; the building of the High Command at Tvrđa
500 kuna Marko Marulić Split; Diocletian's Palace
1000 kuna Ante Starčević Statue of King Tomislav and the Zagreb cathedral
Current HRK exchange rates
Use Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD
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Image File history File links Size of this preview: 188 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (519 × 1656 pixels, file size: 197 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Croatian Kuna banknotes. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 188 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (519 × 1656 pixels, file size: 197 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Croatian Kuna banknotes. ... The Zrinski family, known as Zrínyi in Hungarian, was an noble family from Croatia influential in the Kingdom of Hungary during the period in history marked by the Ottoman wars in Europe. ... Twenty years younger than his brothers, Fran Krsto Frankopan was an authentic poet in his own right. ... Location of Varaždin within Croatia Coordinates: , Country County Government  - Mayor Ivan ÄŒehok, HSLS Elevation 173 m (568 ft) Population (2001)  - Total 49. ... Juraj (Giorgio) Dobrila (March 16th, 1812 — January 13th, 1882) was a notable bishop and benefactor from Istria. ... Arena is the venetian name for the amphitheatre located in Pula, Croatia. ... For other uses, see Pula (disambiguation). ... Baron Josip Jelačić of Bužim (born 1801 in Petrovaradin, Habsburg Monarchy, Hungary; died 1859 in Zagreb, Habsburg Monarchy, Croatia and Slavonia; also spelled Jellachich or Jellačić) was the Ban of Croatia between March 23, 1848 and May 19, 1859. ... Eltz Manor is a castle in Vukovar, Croatia. ... Vukovars main street Vukovar Vukovar (Serbian: Вуковар, Croatian: Vukovar, Hungarian: Vukovár) is a city and municipality in eastern Croatia, and the biggest river port in Croatia located at the confluence of the Vuka river into the Danube. ... Ivan Gundulić Ivan (Dživo Franov) Gundulić (Italian: Giovanni Francesco Gondola(Spanish: Juan Francisco Gondola; January 9, 1589–December 8, 1638) is the most celebrated Croatian Baroque poet from the Republic of Ragusa. ... Look up Dubrovnik in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ivan Mažuranić (1814-1890) was a Croatian poet, linguist and politician—probably the most important figure in Croatias cultural life in the mid-19th century. ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian. ... Face of Stjepan Radić on Croatias 200 kn bill Stjepan Radić (June 11, 1871 – August 8, 1928) was a Croatian politician and the founder of the Croatian Peasant Party (CPP, Hrvatska Seljačka Stranka) in 1905. ... Osijek (pronounced: []) is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 114,616 in 2001. ... TvrÄ‘a is the oldest part of the city of Osijek in Croatia, founded in 1753. ... Marko Marulić (Split, August 18, 1450 - Split, January 5, 1524), Croatian poet, apologist and Christian humanist is generally considered the father of vernacular Croatian literature. ... For other uses, see Split (disambiguation). ... The perystile viewving towards the entrance of Emperors aquarters Diocletians Palace is a building in Split, Croatia that was built by the emperor Diocletian the 3rd century AD. At the time it was built, there was no such city of Split, and the original town was built around... Ante Starčević (born 1823 in Žitnik- died 1896 in Zagreb) was a Croatian politician in the times of the Kingdom of Hungary. ... Tomislav redirects here. ... Zagreb cathedral Zagreb cathedral on Kaptol is probably the most famous building in Zagreb, as its spires can be seen from many locations in the city. ...

See also

Krajina Dinar, 5 million dinar note The dinar was the currency in Republic of Serbian Krajina between 1992 amd 1994. ... (1) Croatian National Bank has copyright on banknotes it published. ... Economy of Croatia is service-based, with the service sector accounting for 67% of the total GDP. The Croatian preliminary 2007 GDP data put Croatian GDP at USD 68,208 billion, or just over USD 15,355 per capita (real income), putting Croatia ahead of the EU member states Romania...

References

  • Krause, Chester L. and Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801-1991, 18th ed., Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-150-1. 
  • Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues, Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors), 7th ed., Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9. 
  • Pick, Albert (1990). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: Specialized Issues, Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors), 6th ed., Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-149-8. 

The Standard Catalog of World Coins is a series of numismatic catalogues that is commonly known as the Krause catalogues in the numismatic trade. ... The Standard Catalog of World Paper Money is a very well-known catalogue of banknotes that is published by Krause Publications in three volumes. ... The Standard Catalog of World Paper Money is a very well-known catalogue of banknotes that is published by Krause Publications in three volumes. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
WWII Croatian kuna
Preceded by:
Yugoslav 1918 dinar
Reason: establishment of a pro-Germany puppet state
Currency of Independent State of Croatia
19411945
Succeeded by:
Yugoslav 1944 dinar
Reason: reunification of Yugoslavia as a result of World War II
Ratio: 1 dinar = 40 kuna
Modern Croatian kuna
Preceded by:
Croatian dinar
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1 kuna = 1000 dinara
Currency of Croatia except for Republic of Serbian Krajina
June 1, 1994 – August, 1995
Currency of Croatia
August, 1995
Succeeded by:
Current
Preceded by:
Serbian Krajina 1994 dinar
Reason: reunification by force
Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... User(s) Yugoslavia Subunit 1/100 para Symbol din. ... Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian Religion Roman Catholicism Political structure Puppet-state King  - 1941-1943 Tomislav II Poglavnik  - 1941-1945 Ante Pavelić Legislature None Historical era World War II  - Established April 10, 1941  - Disestablished May 8, 1945 Population  - 1941 est. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... User(s) Yugoslavia Subunit 1/100 para Symbol din. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Obverse and reverse of 10 Croatian dinars Croatian dinar was official currency in Croatia from December 23, 1991 (replacing the Yugoslav dinar) to May 30, 1994 (replaced by the kuna). ... Self-proclaimed Serbian entity in Croatia Republic of Serbian Krajina show in red Capital Knin Government Republic Governors (1990-1995) Milan Babić Goran Hadžić  - Serbian zone of Croatia Milan Martić Historical era Yugoslav wars  - Breakup of Yugoslavia 1990-June 25, 1991  - Creation of SAO Krajina December 21, 1990  - Secession... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Krajina Dinar, 5 million dinar note The dinar was the currency in Republic of Serbian Krajina between 1992 amd 1994. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Eurozone (less frequently called the Euro Area or Euroland) refers to a currency union among the European Union member states that have adopted the euro as their sole official currency. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... Northern Europe Northern Europe is the northern part of the European continent. ... ISO 4217 Code DKK User(s) Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands 1 Inflation 1. ... The Faroese króna is the currency of the Faroes. ... Króna (plural krónur) is the name of the currency used in Iceland. ... ISO 4217 Code NOK User(s) Norway Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code SEK User(s) Sweden Inflation 2. ... Population density in the wider Baltic region. ... ISO 4217 Code EEK User(s) Estonia Inflation 4. ... The 5 lats coin, used before WWII, becamed a popular symbol of independence during the Soviet era The lats (in Latvian: lats, plural lati, the ISO 4217 currency code: LVL) is the official currency of Latvia. ... The litas (ISO currency code LTL, symbolized as Lt; plural litai or litų) is the official currency of Lithuania. ... Under the Interpretation Act 1978 of the United Kingdom, the term British Islands refers to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, together with the Crown Dependencies: the Bailiwicks of Jersey and of Guernsey (which in turn includes the smaller islands of Alderney, Herm and Sark) in the... GBP redirects here. ... The Guernsey pound (currency code GGP) is the currency used in Guernsey. ... ISO 4217 Code none User(s) Jersey Inflation 5. ... The pound is the currency of the Isle of Man. ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... ISO 4217 Code CZK User(s) Czech Republic Inflation 1. ... ISO 4217 Code HUF User(s) Hungary Inflation 8. ... ISO 4217 Code PLN User(s) Poland Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code SKK User(s) Slovakia Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code CHF User(s) Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Campione dItalia Inflation 1. ... Statistical regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked red):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current borders: Russia (dark orange), other countries formerly part of the USSR... Belarusian ruble (ISO-code BYR, before 2000 - BYB) is the official currency of Belarus. ... ISO 4217 Code KZT User(s) Kazakhstan Inflation 8. ... ISO 4217 Code RUB User(s) Russia and self-proclaimed Abkhazia and South Ossetia Inflation 7% Source Rosstat, 2007 Subunit 1/100 kopek (копейка) Symbol руб kopek (копейка) к Plural The language(s) of this currency is of the Slavic languages. ... Abkhazia (pronounced or , Apsny, Georgian: Apkhazeti or Abkhazeti, Russian: Abhazia) is an autonomous region of Georgia in the Caucasus. ... Anthem unknown Capital Tskhinvali Official languages Ossetian1 Government  -  President Eduard Kokoity  -  Prime Minister Yury Morozov De facto independence from Georgia  -  Declared November 28, 1991   -  Recognition none  Currency Russian ruble (RUB) Russian in widespread use by government and other institutions. ... ISO 4217 Code None User(s) Transnistria Inflation 10. ... ISO 4217 Code UAH User(s) Ukraine Inflation 11. ... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... Lek is the currency used in Albania. ... ISO 4217 Code BAM User(s) Bosnia and Herzegovina Inflation 8. ... ISO 4217 Code BGN User(s) Bulgaria Inflation 7. ... ISO 4217 Code MKD User(s) Republic of Macedonia Inflation rate 0% Source The World Factbook, 2005 est. ... 1 Moldovan leu note, obverse and reverse The leu (ISO 4217 code MDL) is the national currency of Moldova. ... For the Moldovan currency, see Moldovan leu. ... ISO 4217 Code RSD User(s) Serbia (including parts of Kosovo) Inflation 6. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... ISO 4217 code: GIP Symbol: £ 1/100th unit: penny Introduced in: 1927 Exchange Rates May 2006 USD exchange: 0. ... TRY banknotes and coins The Turkish new lira is the current currency of Turkey and of the de facto state Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... Anthem: Ä°stiklâl Marşı(Turkish) Independence March Capital Nicosia (LefkoÅŸa in Turkish) Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic1  -  President Mehmet Ali Talat  -  Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Independence from Cyprus   -  Proclaimed November 15, 1983   -  Recognition By Turkey only  Area  -  Total 3,355 km² (167th ranked together with Cyprus... Transcaucasia is the name given to a region south of the Caucasus Mountains that covers Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. ... ISO 4217 Code AMD User(s) Armenia and the self proclaimed Nagorno Karabakh Republic Inflation -0. ... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ... ISO 4217 Code AZN User(s) Azerbaijan except Nagorno-Karabakh Inflation 11. ... Georgian 1 lari Georgian 2 lari Georgian 5 lari Georgian 10 lari Georgian 50 lari Georgian 100 lari The lari (Georgian: ლარი ; ISO 4217:GEL) is the national currency of Georgia. ...

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Kuna - Search Results - MSN Encarta (177 words)
Kuna, also known among themselves as the Tule, Native South American group of the Chibchan language family and of Panama.
Kuna Yala is an autonomous territory or comarca in Panama, inhabited by the Kuna indigenous people.
The word "kuna" means " marten " in Croatian since it is based on the use of marten pelts as units of value in medieval...
WWW.HR - History of Croatian money (1880 words)
Croatian bans (dukes) Pavao Šubić and his son Mladen ruled in Bosnia as well and as such laid the foundations for the currency to be forged in Bosnia.
That means that once it had been forgotten that the kuna portrayed on the banovac originated from the initial payment system of kuna pelts, with time, it was believed that the kuna portrayed on the banovac was a form of state symbol and this belief continued on even after the banovac no longer existed.
In memory of the conversion of Croatian dinars released by the Croatian Finance Ministry and the kuna and lipa released by the Croatian National Bank, a gold trade coin is being prepared for release.
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