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Encyclopedia > Croatian Party of Rights
Croatia


This article is part of the series:
Politics of Croatia,
Subseries of the Politics series General info: Large flag of Croatia Dimensions: 604x302 pixels Source: Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. ... The Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Republika Hrvatska) is a parliamentary democracy with an elected president. ... Look up Politics on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Politics (disambiguation) Democracy History of democracy List of democracy and elections-related topics List of years in politics List of politics by country articles Political corruption Political economy Political movement Political parties of the world Political party Political psychology Political sociology Political...

Constitution
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Parliament: 2003 The President of Croatia is the head of state. ... Stjepan Mesić (born December 24, 1934) has been the President of the Republic of Croatia since 2000. ... The parliament of Croatia is called Hrvatski Sabor in Croatian - the word sabor means an assembly, a gathering, a congress. ... List of prime ministers/premiers in the Croatian Government Prime Minister is officially called President of the Government (Croatian: Predsjednik Vlade). ... Ivo Sanader (born June 8, 1953 in Split, Croatia) is the current Prime Minister of Croatia (President of the Government). ... This article lists political parties in Croatia. ... Elections in Croatia gives information on election and election results in Croatia. ... The fourth presidential elections in Croatia took place in two rounds in January 2005. ... Elections for the Croatian Parliament were held on November 23, 2003. ...

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The Croatian Party of Rights (Croatian Hrvatska Stranka Prava, HSP) is a right-wing political party in Croatia, the oldest in the country. The "Rights" in the party's name refer to the idea of Croatian national and ethnic rights that the party has vowed to protect since its founding in the 19th century. While the HSP has retained its old name, today it is a right-wing party with an ethnocentric platform. In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... A political party is a political organization that subscribes to a certain ideology and seeks to attain political power within a government. ... A right is the power or privilege to which one is justly entitled or a thing to which one has a just claim. ... The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ...


The HSP traces its founding to June 26, 1861 when Ante Starčević and Eugen Kvaternik first presented the policies of the "Party of Rights" to the Croatian Parliament calling for greater Croatian autonomy and self-rule at a time when Croatia was divided into several crownlands within the Habsburg Monarchy. June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Ante Starčević ( 1823- 1896) was a Croatian politician in the times of the Kingdom of Hungary. ... The parliament of Croatia is called Hrvatski Sabor in Croatian - the word sabor means an assembly, a gathering, a congress. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ...


In early October 1871, Kvaternik and several other HSP members disavowed the official party position advocating a political solution and instead launched a revolt in the village of Rakovica, Kordun. The rebels declared the following aims: 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about revolution in the sense of a drastic change. ... Rakovica is a village in south-central Croatia, in the region of Kordun south of Karlovac and north of the Plitvice Lakes. ... The Kordun region is a part of central Croatia at the bottom of the Petrova gora mountain range, which extends along the river Korana and forms part of the border region to Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...

  • freedom of the Croatian people from Austrian and Magyar (Hungarian) oppression
  • proclamation of an independent Croatia
  • equality under law
  • municipal self-government
  • abolition of the Military Frontier and introduction of free counties
  • respect for both religions in love and unity

The rebels also sought to encourage participation of Orthodox Serbs in the revolt, and some of them did, but the uprising was soon crushed by the authorities. Most of the rebels were killed, including Kvaternik. Military Frontier (Military Border, Military Krajina, Vojna Krajina, Војна Крајина, Militärgrenze, Confiniaria militaria) was a borderland of Habsburg Austria which acted as the cordon sanitaire against the Turks from the Middle Ages (Croatian Krajina) or from the late 17th and 18th centuries (Slavonian and Banat Krajina) until the 19th century. ...


The HSP welcomed the dissolution of Austria-Hungary in the wake of World War I as an means toward achieving Croatian independence. Accordingly, the party opposed the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In 1929, the king of Yugoslavia banned all political parties, and the militant wing of the HSP went underground to organize the fascist Ustaše movement, led by former party secretary Ante Pavelić. World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations and... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... The Ustaše (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular Ustaša or Ustasha) was a Croatian far-right organisation put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941. ... The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ...


During World War II the Ustaše would assume power by forming the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), a puppet state of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. The Ustaše sought to establish an ethnically pure Croatian nation, and committed atrocities and forced conversion to Catholicism against ethnic Serbs and others. HSP affiliation with the Ustase during the war severely damaged the party's reputation, from which it has yet to recover. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb. ... The Ustaše (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular Ustaša or Ustasha) was a Croatian far-right organisation put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941. ... During World War II, in April 1941, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ...


After the communist victory, the Communist Party of Yugoslavia established one-party rule, and thereby outlawed all other political parties, including the HSP.


After the fall of Communism in the early 1990s, the Party of Rights was restored but it was a rather minor nationalist party compared to the Croatian Democratic Union. The war years were a turbulent period during which the party was involved in the creation of the so-called Croatian Defense Forces (Hrvatske Obrambene Snage, HOS), one of the first paramilitary units that aimed to secure Croatian independence from Yugoslavia. This HOS acronym indicatively resembles the Hrvatske Oružane Snage, an NDH formation from 1944. The HOS members wore black uniforms that resembled the WWII Ustaše, and attracted to their ranks many neo-fascists that boasted actual Ustaše insignia. It is suspected that these were responsible for several war crimes during the war. Communism refers to a theoretical system of social organization and a political movement based on common ownership of the means of production. ... // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but otherwise retaining a similar mindset. ... The Croatian Democratic Union (Croatian: Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica, HDZ), is a major Croatian political party. ... The Yugoslav wars were a series of violent conflicts in the territory of the former Yugoslavia that took place between 1991-2001. ... During World War II, in April 1941, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Ustaše (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular Ustaša or Ustasha) was a Croatian far-right organisation put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941. ... A war crime is a punishable offense, under international law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ...


The ruling HDZ cooperated with them until the fall of Vukovar, after which the leaders of the HSP and HOS were imprisoned for terrorist activities and obstruction of democratically elected government, but later released. The Croatian Democratic Union (Croatian: Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica, HDZ), is a major Croatian political party. ... Vukovar (Hungarian: Vukovár) is a city in Croatia, population 31,670 (2001). ...


The party's first post-communist president, Ante Paradžik was a political dissident during the former Yugoslavia when he was one of the student leaders of the Croatian Spring, but he was killed during the war, allegedly by assassination. His successor and former party vice president Dobroslav Paraga, who had also run afoul of the Yugoslav Communist authorities in the early 1980s, found himself in a power struggle with his deputy, Anto Đapić. Paraga and Đapić fought a legal battle for the right to use the party name, a dispute that Paraga eventually lost. Paraga later formed the Croatian Party of Rights 1861 (HSP 1861) but by this time he was already politically marginalized. The Croatian Spring (Hrvatsko proljeće, also called masovni pokret or MASPOK, for mass movement) was a political movement from the early 1970s that called for greater rights for Croatia which was then part of Yugoslavia. ... Dobroslav Paraga (born December 9, 1960) is a Croatian politician. ... Anto Đapić (b. ... Croatian Party of Rights 1861 (Croatian: Hrvatska stranka prava 1861, HSP 1861) is a political party in Croatia. ...


The HSP is a self-declared neo-conservative party currently led by Ante Đapić. His political reputation was severely tarnished after the media found out that he cheated to obtain his first post-graduate degree in law at the University of Split, in collusion with Boris Kandare, a senior member of his party and professor at the Law Faculty. He was also publicly accused of faking injuries to obtain the status of a war veteran. Despite these revelations, Đapić's career as head of the HSP was unaffected. Neoconservatism describes several distinct political ideologies which are considered new forms of conservatism. ...


The modern HSP regards the NDH as a just expression of Croatian national interests, and the party often uses phrases and symbols similar to those used by the wartime fascist state. Party leadership, however, has attempted to distance the party from comparisons with the NDH-era in 2003 in an attempt to attract more moderate voters. 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


At the last legislative elections, 23 november 2003, the party - in an alliance with Međimurje Party (Međimurska stranka) and the Zagorje Democratic Party (Zagorska demokratska stranka) - won 6.4 % of the popular vote and 8 out of 151 seats, all for the HSP. A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... Elections in Croatia gives information on election and election results in Croatia. ... The Međimurje Party (Međimurska stranka) is a regional political party in Croatia, formed in Međimurje. ... Zagorje Democratic Party (Croatian: Zagorska demokratska stranka, ZDS) is regional political party from Krapina-Zagorje County of Croatia. ...


External links

  • Official party web page
  • HSP/HOS flags and symbols

  Results from FactBites:
 
Croatian Party of Rights - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (870 words)
The Croatian Party of Rights (Croatian Hrvatska Stranka Prava, HSP) is a right-wing political party in Croatia, the oldest in the country.
The "Rights" in the party's name refer to the idea of Croatian national and ethnic rights that the party has vowed to protect since its founding in the 19th century.
The party's first post-communist president, Ante Paradžik was a political dissident during the former Yugoslavia when he was one of the student leaders of the Croatian Spring, but he was killed during the war, allegedly by assassination.
hsp (3116 words)
The Croatian Party of Rights - 1861 supports the revocation of the semipresidential Constitution and limitation of the presidential power to the function of the representative of the state and symbol of the unity of the nation and the state sovereignty.
The Croatian Party of Rights is for immediate denationatisation of the seized property of the citizens and institutions and for freezing, revision and legal sanctioning of illegal transformation.
The Croatian Party of Rights - 1861 would support the cancellation and modification of the unfavourable legislature in the field of labour, establishment of tribunals for labour litigations, opening of the new workplaces and foreign investments instead of the further unemployment as the result of the plunder in transformation and economy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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