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Encyclopedia > Croagh Patrick
Croagh Patrick

Elevation 764 m (2,510 ft)
Location Mayo, Flag of Republic of Ireland Ireland
Prominence 640 m
Coordinates 53.760047° N 9.659536° W
Topo map OSi Discovery 30, 31, 37 or 38
OSI/OSNI grid reference L906802
Listing Marilyn, Hewitt
Translation Patrick's mountain (Irish)

Croagh patrick is a 764 m (2,510 ft) mountain in the west of Ireland and an important site of pilgrimage. It is located 8 km (5 miles) from Westport, County Mayo above the villages of Murrisk and Lecanvey. On "Reek Sunday", the last Sunday in July every year, over 25,000 pilgrims climb the mountain, many of whom climb barefoot. The mountain forms the south part of a U-shaped valley created by a glacier flowing into Clew Bay in the last Ice Age. Croagh Patrick is part of a longer east-west ridge; to the west is the mountain Ben Goram. Croagh Patrick derives its name from the Irish Cruach Phádraig ("Saint Patrick's mountain") although it is known locally as the Reek. In the Annals of Ulster entry for the year 1113, the mountain is named Cruachán Aigle ("eagle mountain"). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 860 KB) self made, taken on 1. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Statistics Province: Connacht County Town: Castlebar Code: MO Area: 5,397 km² Population (2006) 123,648 Website: www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Example of a topographic map with contour lines Part of the same map in a perspective shaded relief view illustrates how the contour lines of the original follow the terrain Topographic maps are a variety of map characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief, usually using contour... Ordnance Survey Ireland (OSI; Irish: Suirbhéireacht Ordanáis na hÉireann) is the mapping agency in the Republic of Ireland. ... The Irish national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Ireland. ... The mountains and hills of Great Britain, and to a lesser extent Ireland, are the subject of a considerable number of lists which categorise them by height, topographic prominence, or other criteria. ... A Marilyn is a hill with a relative height of at least 150 metres, regardless of absolute height or other merit. ... A Hewitt is a hill in England, Wales or Ireland over two thousand feet (609. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... Lyskamm, 4 527 m, Pennine Alps A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... Statistics Province: Connacht County Town: Castlebar Code: MO Area: 5,397 km² Population (2006) 123,648 Website: www. ... Murrisk (Muraisc in Irish) is a village in County Mayo, on the south side of Clew Bay, about 6km west of Westport. ... Lecanvey (Leac an Anfa in Irish) is a seaside village in County Mayo between Westport and Louisburgh, about 2km west of Murrisk. ... Walking barefoot Going barefoot is the practice of not wearing shoes, socks, or other foot covering. ... A glaciated valley in the Mount Hood Wilderness showing the characteristic U-shape. ... Glacial and Glaciation redirect here. ... Clew Bay (Irish Cuan Mó) is a natural ocean bay in County Mayo, Ireland. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Ben Goram (Binn Ghorm the blue peak in Irish) is a mountain in the west of Ireland in County Mayo. ... For information about the holiday, see: Saint Patricks Day Saint Patrick (Latin: [2], Irish: Naomh Pádraig) was a Christian missionary and is the patron saint of Ireland along with Brigid of Kildare and Columba. ... The Annals of Ulster are a chronicle of medieval Ireland. ...

Contents

Pilgrimage

Croagh Patrick has been site of pilgrimage, especially at the summer solstice, since before the arrival of Celtic Christianity in the first century; possibly since before the arrival of the Celts. At present it is named for Saint Patrick, who reputedly fasted on the summit of Croagh Patrick for forty days in the fifth century and built a church there. It is said that at the end of Saint Patrick's 40-day fast, he threw a bell down the side of the mountain, banishing all the snakes and serpents of Ireland. This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Celtic Christianity, or Insular Christianity (sometimes commonly called the Celtic Church) broadly refers to the Early Medieval Christian practice that developed around the Irish Sea in the fifth and sixth centuries, that is among “Celtic”/“British” peoples such as the Irish, Scottish, Welsh, Cornish, Manx, etc. ... A Celtic cross. ... For information about the holiday, see: Saint Patricks Day Saint Patrick (Latin: [2], Irish: Naomh Pádraig) was a Christian missionary and is the patron saint of Ireland along with Brigid of Kildare and Columba. ... It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ... For information about the holiday, see: Saint Patricks Day Saint Patrick (Latin: [2], Irish: Naomh Pádraig) was a Christian missionary and is the patron saint of Ireland along with Brigid of Kildare and Columba. ... Families Acrochordidae Aniliidae Anomalepididae Anomochilidae Atractaspididae Boidae Bolyeriidae Colubridae Cylindrophiidae Elapidae Hydrophiidae Leptotyphlopidae Loxocemidae Pythonidae Tropidophiidae Typhlopidae Uropeltidae Viperidae Xenopeltidae Snakes are cold blooded legless reptiles closely related to lizards, which share the order Squamata. ... Serpent is a word of Latin origin (serpens, serpentis) that is normally substituted for snake in a specifically mythic context, in order to distinguish such creatures from the field of biology. ...


A Civil Defence survey conducted on July 30, 2006 indicated that there were approximately 15,000 pilgrims in 2006, fewer than in previous years, but heavy rain early that morning had been a deterrent. Two thirds of the pilgrims in 2006 were male. The pilgrims included participants from Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Australia, Brazil, the Netherlands, Italy, Latvia, India, Hungary and Canada. There were 3,500 first-time climbers [1]. The old American Civil Defense logo, used today federally only as a historical reminder on FEMAs seal, the triangle emphasises the 3-step Civil Defense philosophy used before the foundation of FEMA and Comprehensive Emergency Management. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


The chapel at the summit

In modern times, a small chapel was built on the summit, and dedicated on the July 20, 1905. On July 31, 2005, during the annual pilgrimage to Croagh Patrick, or "Reek or Garland Sunday" as it is known locally, a plaque commemorating the centenary of the building and dedication of the chapel was unveiled by Most Rev. Michael Neary, Archbishop of Tuam. A chapel is a private church, usually small and often attached to a larger institution such as a college, a hospital, a palace, or a prison. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... July 31 is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Archbishop of Tuam is the consecrated religious leader of the Archdiocese of Tuam and its constituent churches. ...


Having celebrated the centenary of the building of the church on the summit, it was decided[citation needed] in 2005 to open the church every day during the summer, rather than only on holy days. Mass is celebrated in the church every last Sunday in July (Reek Sunday) and every August 15. The church is opened by information guides. August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ...


Gallery

See also

This is a list of mountains and mountain ranges on the island of Ireland. ...

References

  1. ^ Liam Horan. "Survey charts future of Croagh Patrick", The Irish Times, 2006-08-07. 

It has been suggested that Irish Times Trust be merged into this article or section. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ...

Bibliography

  • Morahan, Leo (2001). Croagh Patrick, Co. Mayo: archaeology, landscape and people. Westport: Croagh Patrick Archaeological Committee. 

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Croagh Patrick - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (523 words)
Croagh Patrick (Cruach Phádraig in Irish), known locally as the Reek, is a 764 m (2,510 ft) mountain is 8 km (5 miles) from Westport, County Mayo in the west of Ireland.
Croagh Patrick is part of a longer east-west ridge; to the west is the mountain Ben Goram.
On July 31, 2005, during the annual pilgrimage to Croagh Patrick, or 'Reek Sunday' as it is known locally, a plaque commemorating the centenary of the building and dedication of the chapel was unveiled by Most Rev. Michael Neary, Archbishop of Tuam.
Climb Croagh Patrick while staying in Aodhnait bed and breakfast in Westport. (0 words)
Patrick was careworn and fatigued when he came to this remote part of the country.
Patrick, as soon as he heard it, dispatched one of his disciples named Munis to bear his filial homage to the Vicar of Christ, to render an account of his labours and his teaching, and to beg a blessing for the infant church in Ireland.
It adds a special glory to Croagh Patrick that its first tribute of homage from the Irish Church to the Chair of Peter was sent from its hoary summit.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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