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Encyclopedia > Critical regionalism
The Sydney Opera House - designed to evoke the sails of yachts in Sydney harbour
The Sydney Opera House - designed to evoke the sails of yachts in Sydney harbour

Critical regionalism is an approach to architecture that strives to counter the placelessness and lack of meaning in Modern Architecture by using contextual forces to give a sense of place and meaning. The term critical regionalism was first used by Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre and later more famously by Kenneth Frampton. Sydney Opera House, clearly showing the outline of its sails File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Sydney Opera House, clearly showing the outline of its sails File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Sydney Opera House is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... This article is about building architecture. ... Modern architecture, not to be confused with contemporary architecture, is a term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament. ... Kenneth Frampton (born 1930, Woking, UK), is a British architect, critic, historian and Professor of Architecture at the Graduate School of Architecture and Planning, Columbia University, New York. ...


Frampton put forth his views in "Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six points of an architecture of resistance." He evokes Paul Ricoeur's question of "how to become modern and to return to sources; how to revive an old, dormant civilization and take part in universal civilization". According to Frampton, critical regionalism should adopt modern architecture critically for its universal progressive qualities but at the same time should value responses particular to the context. Emphasis should be on topography, climate, light, tectonic form rather than scenography and the tactile sense rather than the visual. Frampton draws from phenomenology to supplement his arguments. Paul Ricœur (February 27, 1913 Valence France – May 20, 2005 Chatenay Malabry France) was a French philosopher best known for combining phenomenological description with hermeneutic interpretation. ... This article is about the philosophical movement. ...


Two examples Frampton briefly discusses are Jørn Utzon and Alvar Aalto. In Frampton's view, Utzon's Bagsvaerd Church (1973-76), near Copenhagen is a self-conscious synthesis between universal civilization and world culture. This is revealed by the rational, modular, neutral and economic, partly prefabricated concrete outer shell (i.e. universal civilization) versus the specially-designed, 'uneconomic', organic, reinforced concrete shell of the interior, signifying with its manipulation of light sacred space and 'multiple cross-cultural references', which Frampton sees no precedent for in Western culture, but rather in the Chinese pagoda roof (i.e. world culture). In the case of Aalto, Frampton discusses the redbrick Säynätsalo Town Hall (1952), in which, he argues, one finds a resistance to the domination of universal technology, as well as to vision by means of the tactile qualities of the building's materials; for instance, in 'feeling' the friction of the brick floor of the stairs to the springy wooden-floored council chamber. The Sydney Opera House Jørn Utzon AC (born April 9, 1918) is a Danish architect best known for his groundbreaking design for the Sydney Opera House. ... “Aalto” redirects here. ... A pagoda at Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia This article is about the building style. ... . The Säynätsalo Town Hall is a multifunction building complex designed by Alvar Aalto. ...


As put forth by Tzonis and Lefaivre, critical regionalism need not directly draw from the context, rather elements can be stripped of their context and used in strange rather than familiar ways. Here the aim is to make aware of a disruption and a loss of place that is already a fait accompli through reflection and self-evaluation.


Critical regionalism is different from regionalism which tries to achieve a one-to-one correspondence with vernacular architecture in a conscious way without consciously partaking in the universal. Regionalism could be Regionalism (politics) Regionalism (literature) Regionalism (art) Regionalism (linguistics) Category: ... Vernacular architecture is a term used to categorize a method of construction which uses locally available resources to address local needs. ...


Critical regionalism is considered a particular form of post-modern (not to be confused with postmodernism as architectural style) response in developing countries. Postmodernism is a term applied to a wide-ranging set of developments in critical theory, philosophy, architecture, art, literature, and culture, which are generally characterized as either emerging from, in reaction to, or superseding, modernism. ...


It can be argued that the following architects have used such an approach in some of their works: Alvar Aalto, Jørn Utzon, Studio Granda, Mario Botta, B.V.Doshi, Charles Correa, Alvaro Siza, Rafael Moneo, Geoffrey Bawa, Raj Rewal, Tadao Ando, Mack Scogin / Merrill Elam, Ken Yeang, William S.W. Lim, Tay Kheng Soon, Juhani Pallasmaa, and Tan Hock Beng. “Aalto” redirects here. ... The Sydney Opera House Jørn Utzon AC (born April 9, 1918) is a Danish architect best known for his groundbreaking design for the Sydney Opera House. ... // Studio Granda is a practice of architects based in Reykjavík, Iceland. ... Mario Botta (born April 1, 1943) is a famous modern architect born in Mendrisio, Ticino canton, Switzerland. ... Dr Balkrishna Doshi, a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects and a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Architects was born in Pune at 1927. ... Charles Correa (born in Hyderabad, India on September 1, 1930) is an Indian architect, planner, activist, theoretician and a fundamental figure in the world-wide panorama of contemporary architecture. ... Álvaro Siza (Álvaro Joaquim de Meio Siza Vieira, born 25 June 1933 in Matosinhos), is a contemporary Portuguese architect. ... The extension to Atocha Railway Station José Rafael Moneo Vallés (born May 9, 1937) is a Spanish architect. ... Geoffrey Bawa is considered Sri Lankas most prolific and influential architect. ... The famous Church of the Light in Ibaraki-shi, Osaka, Japan The Westin Awaji Island designed by Ando Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, Kobe, Japan Image:Ando. ... Dr. Ken Yeang (Chinese: 杨经文/楊經文; pinyin: Yáng JÄ«ngwén) is a prolific Malaysian architect and writer best known for developing environmental design solutions for high-rise buildings in the tropics. ... Juhani Uolevi Pallasmaa (born September 14, 1936, Hämeenlinna, Finland) is a Finnish architect and former professor of Architecture at the Helsinki University of Technology. ...


References

  • Kenneth Frampton, "Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six Points for an Architecture of Resistance", in The Anti-Aesthetic. Essays on Postmodern Culture (1983) edited by Hal Foster, Bay Press, Port Townsen.
  • Alex Tzonis and Liliane Lefaivre, "The grid and the pathway. An introduction to the work of Dimitris and Susana Antonakakis", Architecture in Greece (1981) 15, Athens.

External links

Alexander Tzonis Authorised website


  Results from FactBites:
 
Critical Regionalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (306 words)
Critical Regionalism is an approach to architecture that strives to counter the placelessness and lack of meaning in Modern Architecture by using contextual forces to give a sense of place and meaning.
Critical Regionalism is different from Regionalism which tries to achieve a one-to-one correspondence with vernacular architecture in a conscious way without consciously partaking in the universal.
Critical Regionalism is considered a particular form of post-modern (not to be confused with Postmodernism as architectural style) response in developing countries.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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