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Encyclopedia > Critic
See also review.

The word critic comes from the Greek κριτικός, kritikós - one who discerns, which itself arises from the Ancient Greek word κριτής, krités, meaning a person who offers reasoned judgement or analysis, value judgement, interpretation, or observation. The term can be used to describe an adherent of a position disagreeing with or opposing the object of criticism. Look up critic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Over a thousand riders took part in the 10th anniversary ride in Melbourne during November 2005. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Look up Review in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A value judgment is a judgment of the rightness or wrongness of something based on a particular set of values or on a particular value system. ...


Modern critics include professionals or amateurs who regularly judge or interpret performances or other works (such as that of artists, scientists, musicians or actors) and, typically, publish their observations, often in periodicals. Critics are numerous in certain fields, including art critics, music critics, film critics, theatre or drama, restaurant and scientific publication critics. Buskers perform in San Francisco A performance, in performing arts, generally comprises an event in which one group of people (the performer or performers) behave in a particular way for another group of people (the audience). ... The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of activities to do with creating art, practising the arts and/or demonstrating an art. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Publishing is the activity of putting information in the public arena. ... This article is about the magazine as a published medium. ... An art critic is normally a person who have a speciality in giving reviews mainly of the types of fine art you will find on display. Typically the art critic will go to an art exhibition where works of art are displayed in the traditional way in localities especially made... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Music journalism. ... Film criticism is the analysis and evaluation of films. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Toms Restaurant, a restaurant in New York made familiar by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to order, to be consumed on the premises. ... Scientific literature is the totality of publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the sciences and social sciences. ...


Criticism in general terms means democratic judgement over the suitability of a subject for the intended purposes, as opposed to the authoritarian command, which is meant as an absolute realization of the authority's will, thus not open for debate. Democracy is a form of government under which the power to alter the laws and structures of government lies, ultimately, with the citizenry. ... Judgment or judgement implies a balanced weighing up of evidence preparatory to making a decision. ... The term authoritarian is used to describe an organization or a state which enforces strong and sometimes oppressive measures against the population, generally without attempts at gaining the consent of the population. ... Command has multiple meanings: An order. ... Look up absolute in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Debate (North American English) or debating (British English) is a formal method of interactive and position representational argument. ...


Criticism is the activity of judgement or informed interpretation. In literary and academic contexts, the term most frequently refers to literary criticism, art criticism, or other such fields, and to scholars' attempts to understand the aesthetic object in depth. In these contexts the term "critic", used without qualification, most frequently refers to a scholar of literature or another art form. In other contexts, the term describes hostility or disagreement with the object of criticism. Sometimes context, and the contentiousness of the subject, are the only differentiating factors between these two approaches. In politics, for instance (as in the phrase "criticism of U.S. foreign policy"), criticism almost exclusively refers to disagreement - while in an academic, artistic, or literary context (as in "criticism of Romantic poetry") it usually refers to the activity of subtle interpretation or analysis. Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... Art criticism is the study and evaluation of art. ... President of the United States, George W. Bush (right) at Camp David in March 2003, hosting the British Prime Minister Tony Blair. ... Romantic poetry was part of the Romantic movement of European literature during the 18th-19th centuries. ...


Criticism can also be a tool of an anti-social behavior, such as a passive-aggressive attack. Passive-aggressive personality disorder is a personality disorder whereby someone displays a pattern of negative attitudes and passive resistance in interpersonal or occupational situations. ...


Constructive criticism is a form of communication in which a person tries to correct the behavior of another in a non-authoritarian way, and is generally, a diplomatic approach about what another person is doing socially incorrect. It is 'constructive' as opposed to a command or an insult and is meant as a peaceful and benevolent approach. Participatory learning in pedagogy is based on these principles of constructive criticism. Constructive criticism (often shortened to CC or concrit) is the process of offering valid and well-reasoned opinions about the work of others, usually involving both positive and negative comments, in a friendly manner rather than an oppositional one. ... The term authoritarian is used to describe an organization or a state which enforces strong and sometimes oppressive measures against the population, generally without attempts at gaining the consent of the population. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... A society is a group of people living or working together. ... Command has multiple meanings: An order. ... An insult is a statement or action which affronts or demeans someone. ... Definition Benevolence characterizes the true goodness of the mind, the unbiased kindness to do good. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Pedagogy (IPA: ) , the art or science of being a teacher, generally refers to strategies of instruction, or a style of instruction[1]. The word comes from the Ancient Greek (paidagōgeō; from (child) and (lead)): literally, to lead the child”. In Ancient Greece, was (usually) a slave who supervised the...


Constructive criticism is the process of offering valid and well-reasoned opinions about the work of others with the intention of helping the reader or the artist, rather than creating an oppositional attitude. An art critic can also be a champion of a new artistic movement in the face of a hostile public (e.g. John Ruskin), using scholarship and insight to show the value and depth of a new style. Critics might even champion a wholly new art medium; for instance the century-long critical struggle to have photography recognised as a valid art form. Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ... Fine art photography, sometimes simply called art photography, refers to high-quality archival photographic prints of pictures that are created to fulfill the creative vision of an individual professional. ...


There can be a tension between constructive and useful criticism; for instance, a critic might usefully help an individual artist to recognise what is poor or slapdash in their body of work - but the critic may have to appear harsh and judgemental in order to achieve this.


Criticism: An evaluation, both good and bad, based on prior knowledge.


Critique

Critique, especially in philosophical contexts (where it is used to translate the German word Kritik), has a more clearly defined meaning than criticism. (Confusingly, the adjectival form of both critique and criticism is critical, making some uses ambiguous, e.g. "critical theory"). In this broadly political context, a critique is a systematic inquiry into the conditions and consequences of a concept or set of concepts, and an attempt to understand its limitations. A critical perspective, in this sense, is the opposite of a dogmatic one. In philosophy this sense of the word was defined by Immanuel Kant, who wrote: The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... In grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a noun or pronoun (called the adjectives subject), giving more information about what the noun or pronoun refers to. ... In the humanities and social sciences, critical theory has two quite different meanings with different origins and histories, one originating in social theory and the other in literary criticism. ... For other uses, see Concept (disambiguation). ... Dogma (the plural is either dogmata or dogmas, Greek , plural ) is the established belief or doctrine held by a religion, ideology or any kind of organization, thought to be authoritative and not to be disputed or doubted. ... “Kant” redirects here. ...

We deal with a concept dogmatically…if we consider it as contained under another concept of the object which constitutes a principle of reason and determine it in conformity with this. But we deal with it merely critically if we consider it only in reference to our cognitive faculties and consequently to the subjective conditions of thinking it, without undertaking to decide anything about its object. (Critique of Judgment sec. 74)

Later thinkers used the word critique, in a broader version of Kant's sense of the word, to mean the systematic inquiry into the limits of a doctrine or set of concepts (for instance, much of Karl Marx's work was in the critique of political economy). Doctrine, from Latin doctrina, (compare doctor), means a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 – March 14, 1883) was a German philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political economy was the original term for the study of production, the acts of buying and selling, and their relationships to laws, customs and government. ...


The cultural studies approach to criticism arises out of critical theory. It treats cultural products and their reception as sociological evidence, which may be sceptically examined to divine wider social ills such as racism or gender bias. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Because racism carries connotations of race-based bigotry, prejudice, violence, oppression, stereotyping or discrimination, the term has varying and often hotly contested definitions. ...


See also

Art history usually refers to the history of the visual arts. ... A connoisseur (Fr. ... Critical management studies (CMS) is a loose but rapidly growing grouping of politically left wing and theoretically innovative approaches to management, business and organisation. ... In the humanities and social sciences, critical theory has two quite different meanings with different origins and histories, one originating in social theory and the other in literary criticism. ... Critical theory, in sociology and philosophy, is shorthand for critical theory of society or critical social theory, a label used by the Frankfurt School, i. ... are you kiddin ? i was lookin for it for hours ... Philosophy and Christian Art. ... A cultural critic is a critic of a given culture, usually as a whole and typically on a radical basis. ... Film criticism is the analysis and evaluation of films, individually and collectively. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Music critic. ... Look up Review in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A cultural critic is a critic of a given culture, usually as a whole and typically on a radical basis; a social critic of a given society, but the overlap is large. ... Carmina Cantabrigiensia, Manuscript C, folio 436v, 11th century Textual criticism or lower criticism is a branch of philology or bibliography that is concerned with the identification and removal of errors from texts and manuscripts. ...

External links

Look up critic, critical, critique in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Hollins Critic - Literary Journal - Reviews of Books and Poetry - Hollins University (736 words)
The Hollins Critic, published five times a year, presents the first serious surveys of the whole bodies of contemporary writers’ work, with complete checklists.
Poetry submitted to The Hollins Critic should be typed or word processed.
When a review is published, the author receives a copy of the issue, and two copies are sent to the book’s publisher.
classical music - andante - views on reviews: a composer and critic square off (1911 words)
And, since every part of the presentation of music has professional standards, from composers to performers and conductors, it is reasonable to suggest that the judgment of such professionals is done by their peers — that is, other professionals who are at least as competent as they are.
However, some critics have a strong ideology that causes them to see the various tools available to the composer as stances of his or her ideology rather than merely techniques.
Critics with an agenda — a view as to where new music should go — review a work as to whether or not it fits in with the political/philosophical goals of that agenda.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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