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Encyclopedia > Criollo (people)
Criollo
Notable Criollos:
'José Martí' · 'Juan Ponce de León II' · 'Simón Bolívar'
Total population

Criollo
188,000,000 Latin Americans
33% of Latin America's population
Latinos and Hispanics
in the Spanish colonial Casta system
Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Juan_Ponce_de_Leon_II.JPG Summary Image of Juan Ponce de Leon II at:http://www. ... Image File history File links Simón_Bolívar. ... José Julián Martí y Pérez was a leader of the Cuban independence movement from Spain and as well a renowned poet and writer. ... Juan Ponce de Leon II born in Puerto Rico in the early part of the 16th century, was the first Puerto Rican to assume the temporary governorship of Puerto Rico. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Hispanic_Flag. ... Latino refers to people living in the US of Latin American nationality and their US-born descendants. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ...

Regions with significant populations
Throughout Hispanic America
Languages
Spanish
Religions
Predominantly
Roman Catholic ·Protestant ·Christian Latinos ·Jewish minority
Related ethnic groups
Spaniards ·Italian ·Portuguese ·French

Criollo, in the Spanish colonial Casta system (caste system) of Latin America, was a person born in the Spanish colonies deemed to have "purity of blood" in respect to the individual's European ancestry. Hispanic America (Hispanoamérica in Spanish) refers to those parts of the Americas inhabited by Spanish-speaking peoples. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Latinos and Hispanics are predominantly Christian in the United States. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... The Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Western Hemisphere of Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón) in 1492. ... Look up Casta in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The word Caste is derived from the Portuguese word casta, meaning lineage, breed or race. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Limpieza de sangre (in Spanish), Limpeza de sangue (in Portuguese), both meaning cleanliness of blood was a concept of Iberian Modern History. ... A European is primarily a person who was born into one of the countries within the continent of Europe. ...


"Purity of Blood" was a legal conception from the Spanish Reconquista. An old Christian was somebody with pure Christian ancestry (Mozarab or from the Northern kingdoms of Spain) as opposed to a new Christian, descending from Conversos, baptized Moriscos or Sephardis), whose real faith was suspected. In the Americas, the concept was adapted to the presence of Negroes and Amerindians. A "pure" person would be that of proven unmixed Spanish ancestry, that is, the Americas-born child of two Spanish-born Spaniards. "Purity of Blood", and thus the classification as "criollo", could also be legally attained by people of mixed origin who possessed 1/8th or less of Amerindian ancestry, that is, the offspring of one castizo parent and one Spaniard or criollo parent. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Mozarabs (in Spanish, mozárabes; in Portuguese, moçárabes) were Iberian Christians living under Muslim dominion, and their descendants. ... The term New Christian (cristianos nuevos in Spanish, cristãos novos in Portuguese) was used to refer to the Jews and Moors who were converted to Christianity and their baptized descendants. ... Converso (Spanish and Portuguese for a convert, from Latin conversus, converted, turned around) and its feminine form conversa referred to Jews or Muslims or the descendants of Jews or Muslims who had converted, mostly unwillingly, to Catholicism in Spain and Portugal, particularly during the 1300s and 1400s. ... Morisco (Spanish Moor-like) or mourisco (Portuguese) is a term referring to a kind of New Christian in Spain and Portugal. ... Sephardim (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Sfaradim, Tiberian Hebrew ) are a subgroup of Jews, generally defined in contrast to Ashkenazim and/or . ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... Castizo is a Spanish word with a general meaning of genuine. It has other more concrete meanings. ... Criollo is a Spanish term (feminine criolla, plural criollos/criollas) which may refer to: The Criollos, a caste in the Spanish colonial caste system. ...


The term "criollo" is often translated into English as Creole, but this word has a much broader meaning (see Creole peoples). The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The term Creole and its cognates in other languages — such as crioulo, criollo, créole, kriolu, criol, kreyol, kriulo, kriol, krio, etc. ...


The word criollo retains the original meaning in several Spanish-speaking countries in the Americas. In some countries, however, the word criollo has in time come to have other meanings. World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America[1], Central America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ...

Contents

Crioles in the caste system

While the castas system was in force, the local-born criollos ranked strictly lower than governing Peninsulares ("born in the Iberian Peninsula"), despite both being of legally pure Spanish blood. In the colonial caste system of Spanish America, a peninsular was a citizen born in the metropolitan part of the Spanish Empire, modernly called just Spain, in Iberian Peninsula. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ...


By the 19th century, this discrimination eventually led the criole to rebel against the Spanish rule. With the support of other castes— castizos, mestizos, cholos, mulatos, American Indians, zambos, among many others, and ultimately blacks, they engaged Spain in the Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821) and the South American Wars of Independence (18101826), which ended with the break-up of the former Spanish Empire in America into a number of independent republics. Castizo is a Spanish word with a general meaning of genuine. It has other more concrete meanings. ... Languages Predominantly Spanish, (with a minority of other languages), while Mestiços speaks Portuguese Religions Christianity (Predominantly Roman Catholic, with a minority of Protestant and other Religions) Related ethnic groups Other Spanish people, Portuguese people, Amerindian, African people, Austronesian people, Hispanics and Latinos Mestizo (Portuguese, Mestiço; French, Métis... Cholo is an English- and Spanish-language word which, broadly, is applied to persons of mixed Amerindian and Spanish ancestry. ... Dame Kelly Holmes is half Black (Jamaican) and half White (English). ... Note that this classification is now considered incorrect and should not be used in everyday writing. ... A representation of Zambos in Pintura de Castas during the Latin American colonial period. ... Look up black in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The South American Wars of Independence were waged in South America during the 1810s and 1820s in an effort to liberate the American colonies of Spain and Portugal from colonial rule. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Philippine "Insulares"

During the colonial era of the Philippines, the Spanish term criollo was used with the same sense as in Latin America, namely person born in the Philippines with wholly Spanish ancestry. However, the term was not widely used, and instead were more commonly called insulares ("from the islands"), to contrast them with the higher-ranking peninsulares born on the Iberian Peninsula. However, the most common term was filipinos ("from the Philippines"). The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ...


The meaning of filipino changed drastically during the Philippine Revolution. It was adopted by nationalist movements and transformed into a national designation that encompassed the entire population of the Philippines, especially the descendants of the native Austronesian peoples, in which replaced the native word katagalugan or tagalog, which pertains to the filipinos according to Andres Bonifacio. In fact, the meaning of Filipino today is the opposite of its colonial meaning, since it tends to exclude Filipinos of pure or mixed Spanish descent, who are seen and regarded by many non-mixed Filipinos, especially from the lower socio-economic classes, as foreigners; as well as the non-mixed criollos. Combatants Filipino independence movement Spanish Empire Commanders Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Strength 80,000 soldiers unknown Casualties unknown unknown The Philippine Revolution (1896—1898) was an armed conflict between the Spanish colonial regime and the Katipunan, which sought Philippine independence from Spain. ...


Colloquial use in Puerto Rico

In Puerto Rico, natives of the town of Caguas are usually referred to as "Criollos"; professional sports teams from that town are also usually nicknamed "Criollos de Caguas" ("Caguas Creoles"). To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In other Latin American countries, the term is also used to describe people from the countryside or mountain areas; Caguas is located near Puerto Rico's part of the Cordillera Central mountain area. Cordillera Central - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


See also


 
 

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