FACTOID # 23: Wisconsin has more metal fabricators per capita than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Criminal organization


A criminal organization is a group run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. They are usually involved in criminal activities such as drugs, prostitution, human trafficking, money laundering, governmental corruption, and black marketeering. These activities are known as organized crime. Some also engage in political violence, racist, and religiously motivated violence, terrorism, and crimes against humanity. Criminal redirects here for other uses of crime and criminal, see crime (disambiguation). ... An example of Money. ... Profit, from Latin meaning to make progress, is defined in two different ways. ... These lollipops were found to contain heroin when inspected by the US DEA The illegal drug trade is a global black market activity consisting of production, distribution, packaging and sale of illegal psychoactive substances. ... Whore redirects here. ... Trafficking in human beings (or human trafficking) involves the movement of people (mostly women and children) against their will by means of force for the purpose of sexual or labor exploitation. ... Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and destination of the money in question. ... The black market or underground market is the part of economic activity involving illegal dealings, typically the buying and selling of merchandise or services illegally. ... Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. ... Political terrorism is a form of terrorism (a tactic of violence that targets civilians) used to influence socio-political events so that gains occur that might not have otherwise happened by peaceful means or by conventional warfare. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Religious violence Throughout history, religious beliefs have provoked some believers into violence. ... Violence is any act of aggression and abuse which causes or intends to cause injury, in some cases criminal, or harm to persons, and (to a lesser extent) animals or property. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... This article is in need of attention. ...


Notable examples of criminal organizations include the Sicilian Mafia (or Cosa Nostra), Camorra, 'Ndrangheta, the Russian Mafia, the Colombian drug cartels, the Japanese Yakuza, Chinese Triad, the Irish Mob, the Jewish Mob and the Brazilian PCC (Primeiro Comando da Capital). Prisoners may also be involved in criminal organizations. Many terrorist groups, such as Hezbollah and Al Qaeda also engage in criminal activity such as trafficking and money laundering as well as terrorism. This article is about the organized crime groups. ... The camorra is a mafia-like criminal organization, or secret society, in the region of Campania and the city of Naples in Italy. ... The Calabrian Ndrangheta (from the Greek word andragathía for heroism and virtue), pronounced en-drang-ay-ta, is one of the most powerful and ruthless mafia organisations in Italy. ... The Russian Mob or Mafia, Russkaya Mafiya, also known as Red Mafia, Krasnaya Mafiya or Bratva (Brat means brother in Russian), is a name given to a broad group of organized criminals of various ethnicity which appeared from the Soviet Union after its disintegration in 1991. ... Colombian drug cartels is a genetic term that usually refers to three, usually rival, criminal organizations: Cali Cartel Medellín Cartel Norte del Valle Cartel It sometimes also refers to other, lesser-known criminal organizations North Coast Cartel Bogotá Cartel Santander de Quilichao Cartel Categories: | ...  For other uses, see Yakuza (disambiguation). ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... The Irish Mob, or Irish Mafia, is one of the oldest organized crime groups in the United States, in existence since the early 19th century. ... This article describes some ethnic, historic, and cultural aspects of the Jewish identity; for a consideration of the Jewish religion, refer to the article Judaism. ... Largely originating from the immigration from Eastern Europe during the late-18th century, Jewish-American organized crime (sometimes referred to as the Jewish, Kosher Nostra or Kosher Mafia) emerged during the later years of the Gangs of New York era of New Yorks underworld as Jewish gangs under gang... Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC; Portuguese for First Capital Command; IPA: ) is a Brazilian prison gang-turned-terrorist criminal organization founded in 1993 by inmates of Taubaté prison in São Paulo. ... Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC; Portuguese for First Capital Command; IPA: ) is a Brazilian prison gang-turned-terrorist criminal organization founded in 1993 by inmates of Taubaté prison in São Paulo. ... Hezbollah[1] (Arabic: ‎ ,[2] meaning party of God) is a Shia Islamist militant and political organization based in Lebanon. ... Al-Qaeda or al-Qaida (, translit: ; the Law, the foundation, or the base) is a militant Sunni Islamist organization, which has been deemed terrorist by the United Nations and a number of UN member-states, with the stated objective of eliminating foreign influence in Muslim countries, eradicating those they deem...


World leaders throughout history who have been accused of running their country like a criminal organization include Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Mao Zedong, Augusto Pinochet, Idi Amin, Mobutu Sese Seko, Nicolae Ceauşescu, Francisco Franco, Hugo Banzer, and various other dictators and military juntas. Hitler redirects here. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Mao redirects here. ... Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte[1] (November 25, 1915 – December 10, 2006) was a general and de facto head of state of Chile. ... Idi Amin Dada (1 January 1925?–16 August 2003) was an army officer and President of Uganda (1971–1979). ... Mobutu Sese Seko Nkuku Ngbendu wa za Banga (October 14, 1930 – September 7, 1997), known commonly as Mobutu, or Joseph Mobutu-Sese Seko, born Joseph-Désiré Mobutu, was the President of Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) for 32 years (1965–1997). ... Nicolae CeauÅŸescu (IPA ) (January 26, 1918 - December 25, 1989) was the leader of Communist Romania from 1965 until shortly before his execution. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo (4 December 1892 – 20 November or possibly 19 November[1] 1975), abbreviated “Francisco Franco y Bahamonde” and commonly known as “Generalísimo Francisco Franco” (pron. ... Hugo Banzer Suárez (May 10, 1926 – May 5, 2002) was a conservative politician, military general, and dictator from Bolivia. ... World dictatorships. ... A military dictatorship is a form of government wherein the political power resides with the military; it is similar but not identical to a stratocracy, a state ruled directly by the military. ...


In human rights law

Another use of the term "criminal organization" exists in human rights law and refers to an organization which has been found guilty of crimes against humanity. Once an organization has been determined to be a criminal organization, one must only demonstrate that an individual belonged to that organization to be punished and not that the individual actually individually committed illegal acts.[citation needed] Human rights law is a system of laws, both domestic and international which is intended to promote human rights. ...


The concept of the criminal organization came into being during the Nuremberg Trials. Several public sector organizations of Nazi Germany such as the SS and Gestapo were judged to be criminal organizations, while other organizations such as the German Army High Command [dubious ] were indicted but acquitted of charges.[citation needed] The Süddeutsche Zeitung announces The Verdict in Nuremberg. ... < [[[[math>Insert formula here</math>The public sector is that part of economic and administrative life that deals with the delivery of goods and services by and for the [[government </math></math></math></math> Direct administration funded through taxation; the delivering organisation generally has no specific requirement to meet commercial... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933&#8211;1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... The double-Sig Rune SS insignia. ... The Deaths Head emblem similar to skull and crossbones, often used as the insignia of the Gestapo The   (contraction of Geheime Staatspolizei; Secret State Police) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. ... The Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) was Germanys Army High Command from 1936 to 1945. ...


This conception of criminal organizations was, and continues to be, controversial, and has not been used in human rights law since the trials at Nuremberg.


See


  Results from FactBites:
 
Criminal Organization (744 words)
This part of the bibliography provides references to literature that describes and/or examines the criminal organization in depth.
Particular emphasis is placed on works that explore salient issues relating to the organization of crime, such as group structure, membership, recruitment, codes, etc.
Lewis, George H. "Social Groupings in Organized Crime: The Case of the La Nuestra Familia." Deviant Behaivor.
Criminal organization - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (415 words)
A criminal organization is a group run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit.
Notable examples of criminal organizations include the Sicilian Mafia (or Cosa Nostra), Camorra, 'Ndrangheta, the Russian Mafia, the Colombian drug cartels, the Japanese Yakuza, Chinese Triad, the Irish Mob, the Jewish Mob and the Brazilian PCC (Primeiro Comando da Capital).
The concept of the criminal organization came into being during the Nuremberg Trials.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m