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Encyclopedia > Criminal Investigation Department
Charles Vincent, founder of the Metropolitan Police CID
Charles Vincent, founder of the Metropolitan Police CID

The Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is the branch of all British Police and many other Commonwealth police forces to which plain clothes detectives belong. It is thus distinct from the Uniformed Branch and the Special Branch. CID officers must have spent at least two years as uniformed officers before applying to transfer to the branch and receive further training when they do so. Image File history File links CharlesVincent. ... Image File history File links CharlesVincent. ... As an acronym CID can refer to (in alphabetical order): Telephone Caller ID. Card Identification Number, a security feature on American Express credit cards. ... A Police Constable of West Yorkshire Police on patrol The United Kingdom is a unitary (as opposed to federal) state, and police forces, generally speaking, are organised at the level of administrative districts. ... The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as The Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states, the majority of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Special Branch is the arm of the British, Irish and many Commonwealth police forces that deals with national security matters. ...

The Metropolitan Police CID, the first such organisation, was set up on 7 April 1878. Originally it was only responsible to the Home Secretary, but since 1888 has been under the authority of the Commissioner. Metropolitan Police redirects here. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Secretary of State for the Home Department, commonly known as the Home Secretary, is the minister in charge of the United Kingdom Home Office and is responsible for internal affairs in England and Wales, and for immigration and citizenship for the whole United Kingdom (including Scotland and Northern Ireland). ... The Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis (usually just referred to as the Metropolitan Police Commissioner or, more colloquially, as the Met Commissioner) is the head of the Metropolitan Police Service in London. ...

CID officers are involved in investigation of major crimes such as rape, murder, serious assault, fraud, and any other offences that require complex detection. They are responsible for acting upon intelligence received and then building a case, from analysis of the initial incident through to arrest and prosecution of any suspects. In general, detection is the extraction of intelligence from a carrier signal in a communication system. ... The Chicago Police Department arrests a man An arrest is the action of the police, or person acting under the law, to take a person into custody so that they may be forthcoming to answer for the commission of a crime. ... Criminal law (also known as penal law) is the body of law that regulates governmental sanctions (such as imprisonment and/or fines) as retaliation for crimes against the social order. ...


Contrary to practice in police forces of many other nations, detectives are not automatically senior to uniformed officers and hold the same ranks. The head of the CID in most police forces is a Detective Chief Superintendent.

These ranks are common to most forces.

A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in law enforcement. ... Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries, police forces, and other uniformed organisations around the world. ... Inspector is a rank in many police forces. ... Chief Inspector (Ch Insp) is a rank in British Police forces. ... Superintendent (Supt. ... Chief Superintendent (Ch Supt/CSP; colloquially Chief Super) is a senior rank in the Police Forces. ...

See also

City of London Police The biggest Fraud squad is run by the City of London Police who are responsible for policing Londons and the UKs main financial hub. ... The Special Investigation Branch (SIB) is the name given to the detective branches of all four British military police arms: the Royal Navy Regulating Branch, Royal Marines Police, Royal Military Police and Royal Air Force Police. ...

External links

  • CID page on Metropolitan Police website

  Results from FactBites:
Greer, SC - Criminal Investigation Division (361 words)
The Greer Police Department's Criminal Investigation Division is a professional investigative unit, responsible for the investigation of crimes committed in the City of Greer, South Carolina.
The primary function of the Criminal Investigative Division (CID) is to accomplish extended follow-up investigation of criminal offenses occurring within the City of Greer, and to identify, apprehend and assist in the successful prosecution of criminal offender.
The Juvenile Investigator's objective is the investigation of crime which is a direct result of juvenile delinquency and the overall investigation of juvenile related crimes perpetrated by both adults and children.
Jacksonville Police Department: Criminal Investigation Division (173 words)
The Criminal Investigation Division (CID) is charged with the responsibility of investigating all criminal activity in the City of Jacksonville.
All investigations require that sufficient evidence be gathered to identify the perpetrator through witness interviews, interrogations and physical evidence.
CID is also responsible for all Juvenile and Narcotics investigations as well as the management of property and evidence.
  More results at FactBites »



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