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Encyclopedia > Crediton

Crediton shown within the United Kingdom
Population 6,837 (2001 census)
OS grid reference SS837005
District Mid Devon
Shire county Devon
Region South West
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CREDITON
Postcode district EX17
Dialling code 01363
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament Tiverton & Honiton
European Parliament South West England
List of places: UKEnglandDevon

Coordinates: 50°47′33″N 3°39′05″W / 50.7924, -3.6514 Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 11 KB) Summary Description: A blank map of the United Kingdom, with country outline and coastline; contact the author for help with modifications or add-ons Source: Reference map provided by Demis Mapper 6 Date: 2006-21-06 Author: User... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Mid Devon is a local government district in Devon, England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping, concerning these countries; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the parts of former Yugoslavia[1]; the Soviet Union referring to the... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The EX postcode area, also known as the Exeter postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Axminster, Barnstaple, Beaworthy, Bideford, Braunton, Bude, Budleigh Salterton, Chulmleigh, Colyton, Crediton, Cullompton, Dawlish, Exeter, Exmouth, Holsworthy, Honiton, Ilfracombe, Lynmouth, Lynton, North Tawton, Okehampton, Ottery St Mary, Seaton, Sidmouth, South Molton, Tiverton... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Devon and Cornwall Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing the counties of Devon and Cornwall and the unitary authorities of Plymouth, Torbay and the Isles of Scilly. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service or FRS covering the counties of Somerset and Devon, including the unitary authorities of Plymouth and Torbay, in the south west of England Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Service was founded on 1 April 2007... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The South Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust (SWAST) is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in the counties of Devon, Cornwall, Somerset and Dorset. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Tiverton and Honiton is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... The constituency (first used 2004) within England; Gibraltar is in the inset. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of settlements in Devon, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Crediton (Credington, Cryditon, Kirton) is a town in Devon, England about 12 km north west of Exeter, with a population of about 6,500. Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The city of Exeter is the county town of Devon, in the southwest of England, also known as the West Country. ...

The town is situated in the narrow vale of the River Creedy near its junction with the River Exe, between two steep hills, and is divided into two parts, the east or old town and the west or new town. The Church of Holy Cross, formerly collegiate, is a noble Perpendicular building with Early English and other early portions, and a fine central tower. The River Creedy gives its name to the local town or ton of Crediton, Devon. ... The River Exe rises on Exmoor in Devon, near the north (Bristol Channel) coast of the county, but flows more or less directly due south and reaches the sea at a substantial ria on the south (English Channel) coast. ... The parish of Crediton centres around the Church of the Holy Cross, a magnificent and beautiful building with a long history. ...

The grammar school, founded by Edward VI and refounded by Elizabeth I, is today a State run, part boarding school, and a community Technology College, named Queen Elizabeth's Commutnity college. Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) became King of England, King of France (in practice only the town and surrounding district of Calais) and Edward I of Ireland on 28 January 1547, and crowned on 20 February, at just nine years of age. ... This article is about Elizabeth I of England. ... A boarding school is a usually fee-charging school where some or all pupils not only study, but also live during term time, with their fellow students and possibly teachers. ... Institute of technology, and polytechnic, are designations employed in a wide range of learning institutions awarding different types of degrees and operating often at variable levels of the educational system. ...

Shoe-making, tanning, agricultural trade, tin-plating, and the manufacture of confectionery and cider have superseded the former large woollen and serge industries. Cider in a pint glass Cider (or cyder) is an alcoholic beverage made primarily from the juices of specially grown varieties of apples. ...

Since 1897 Crediton has been the seat of a suffragan bishopric in the diocese of Exeter. The Bishop of Exeter is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Exeter in the Province of Canterbury. ... A suffragan bishop is a bishop subordinate to a metropolitan bishop. ... The Diocese of Exeter is a Church of England diocese based in Exeter, covering Devon. ...



The first indication of settlement at Crediton is the knowledge that Winfrith or Boniface was born there in c. 672. He propagated Christianity in the Frankish Empire during the 8th century and is the patron saint of both Germany and the Netherlands. Perhaps in his memory (for the great extent of the parish shows that it was thinly populated) it became in 909 the seat of the first bishopric in Devon. It was probably only a village in 1049, when Leofric, bishop of Crediton, requested Pope Leo IX to transfer the seat to Exeter, as Crediton was an open town and much exposed to the incursions of pirates. For the Roman general of this name, see Bonifacius. ... The Frankish Empire was the territory of the Franks, from the 5th to the 10th centuries, from 481 ruled by Clovis I of the Merovingian Dynasty, the first king of all the Franks. ... Leofric (1016 - 1072) was born in Devon, England, and died there, in Exeter, on 10 February, 1072. ... Leo IX, born Bruno of Eguisheim-Dagsburg (June 21, 1002 – April 19, 1054) was Pope from February 12, 1049 to his death. ... The city of Exeter is the county town of Devon, in the southwest of England, also known as the West Country. ...

At the Domesday Survey much of the land was still uncultivated, but its prosperity increased, and in 1269 each of the twelve prebends of the collegiate church had a house and farmland within the parish. The bishops, to whom the manor belonged until the Reformation, had difficulty in enforcing their warren and other rights; in 1351 Bishop Grandisson obtained an exemplification of judgments of 1282 declaring that he had pleas of withernam, view of frank pledge, the gallows and assize of bread and ale. Two years later there was a serious riot against the increase of copyhold. Perhaps it was at this time that the prescriptive borough of Crediton arose. This article is about the 11th century census. ... John Grandisson was a medieval Bishop of Exeter. ...

The jury of the borough are mentioned in 1275, and Crediton returned two members to parliament in 1306-1307, though it was never afterwards represented again. A borough seal dated 1469 is extant, but the corporation is not mentioned in the grant made by Edward VI of the church to twelve principal inhabitants. The borough and manor were granted by Elizabeth I to William Killigrew in 1595, but there is no indication of town organization then or in 1630, and in the 18th century Crediton was governed by commissioners. Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) became King of England, King of France (in practice only the town and surrounding district of Calais) and Edward I of Ireland on 28 January 1547, and crowned on 20 February, at just nine years of age. ... This article is about Elizabeth I of England. ... Sir William Killigrew (1606 - 1695) was an English court official under Charles I and Charles II. He attempted to drain the Lincolnshire fens, and was the author of four plays (printed 1665 and 1666) of some merit. ...

The wool trade was established by 1249 and certainly continued until 1630, when the market for kerseys is mentioned in conjunction with a saying as fine as Kirton sninnine.

The Civil War saw visits from both Cromwell (who attended the church) and Charles I ('on his way to chase the Earl of Essex'), as well as being a base for Fairfax. Both leaders reviewed their respective troops, at the Lords Meadow (now the Industrial estate). For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Oliver Cromwell (disambiguation). ... Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was King of England, King of Scotland and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ... Earl of Essex is a title that has been held by several families and individuals, of which the best-known and most closely associated with the title was Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (1566 - 1601). ... Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Baron Fairfax of Cameron (January 17, 1612 - November 12, 1671), parliamentary general and commander-in-chief during the English Civil War, the eldest son of Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Baron Fairfax of Cameron, was born at Denton, near Otley, Yorkshire. ...

On 14 August 1743 (a Sunday morning), a great fire started, completely destroying the High Street and buildings in the "West Town". At that period of time it was the second largest fire in the country, second only to the fire of London. Sixteen people lost their lives, with over 2000 made homeless and 450 houses destroyed. A second fire, in May 1769, consumed many of the new houses that had been built on the sites of old ones.

Noteworthy events held in Crediton

In 1993 N.W.A. re-formed to perform a small concert in what was the old liberal club of Crediton; they performed a reworking of their song Straight Outta Compton entitled Straight Outta Kirton. This article is about the hip-hop group. ... This article is about the album. ...

See also

Crediton Station is a Station in the town of Crediton - It is the current junction of the Tarka and Dartmoor lines, though the two lines run parallel until Coleford (west of Yeoford) ...


  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. (Some text may have been edited).

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
GENUKI/Devon: Crediton (1368 words)
It is a station on the North Devon line, and is situated in the northern division of the county, on the W. branch of the river Creedy, and upon the road from Exeter to Barnstaple and South Melton.
Crediton is also the head of a Poor-law Union, and of a superintendent registry, and a polling-place for the N. parliamentary division of Devonshire.
The locality of Crediton is proved by returns made to the registrar-general to be one of the moat healthy places in the kingdom, and many of its inhabitants have attained the age of 100 years.
Crediton Area Website, Crediton, Devon, UK (254 words)
Crediton is an historic Devon market town, convenient for both Dartmoor and Exmoor, and only seven miles from Exeter.
Crediton is the ideal centre for both Tourism in Devon and for Westcountry business.
Crediton was the birthplace of St Boniface, born Winfrith in 680 AD, and as such we shall be ensuring that Boniface is properly honoured.
  More results at FactBites »



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