FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Creatures" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Creatures
Screenshot of Creatures 3
Enlarge
Screenshot of Creatures 3
This is an entry about an artificial life computer program series. For information on creatures as a synonym for animals, see creature; for the gothic side project of Siouxsie & the Banshees, see The Creatures.

Creatures is an artificial life computer program series, created in the mid-1990s by English computer scientist Steve Grand whilst working for the Cambridge computer games developer Millennium Interactive. The program is regarded as an important breakthrough in the advancement of alife research. Creatures 3 Norn This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Creatures 3 Norn This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Artificial life, also known as alife or a-life, is the study of life through the use of human-made analogs of living systems. ... // A computer program or software program (usually abbreviated to a program) is a step-by-step list of instructions written for a particular computer architecture in a particular computer programming language. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria  Acoelomorpha  Orthonectida  Rhombozoa  Myxozoa  Superphylum Deuterostomia     Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... The term creature refers to an animal. ... Gothic rock evolved out of post punk during the late 1970s. ... Siouxsie and the Banshees, from Peepshow album art. ... The Creatures are the side-project band comprising Siouxsie Sioux (vocals) and her husband Budgie(real name Peter Clarke) (drums and percussion), formerly of Siouxsie and the Banshees. ... Artificial life, also known as alife or a-life, is the study of life through the use of human-made analogs of living systems. ... // A computer program or software program (usually abbreviated to a program) is a step-by-step list of instructions written for a particular computer architecture in a particular computer programming language. ... // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but otherwise retaining the same mindset. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Computer Science Open Directory Project: Computer Science Downloadable Science and Computer Science books Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies Belief that title science in computer science is inappropriate Categories: Computer science ... Steve Grand is an English computer scientist. ... The city of Cambridge is an old English university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... Millennium Interactive was a Cambridge-based computer games developer responsible for titles such as James Pond, Defcon 5, Deadline and most famously, Creatures. ... Artificial life, also known as alife or a-life, is the study of life through the use of human-made analogs of living systems. ...

Contents


Overview

In Creatures, the user 'hatched' small furry creatures called Norns into a world called Albia, and had to teach them how to talk, feed themselves, and protect themselves against vicious creatures called Grendels. Later games in the series introduced a third species, the Ettins. Categories: Stub | Creatures ... Albia is a city located in Monroe County, Iowa. ... A Grendel is also a character in the computer game Creatures. ... An Ettin from Creatures 3. ...


The program was significant as it was one of the first commercial titles to code alife organisms from the genetic level upwards using a sophisticated biochemistry and neural network brains. This meant that the Norns and their DNA could develop and "evolve" in increasingly diverse ways, unpredicted by the makers. By breeding certain Norns with others, some traits could be passed on to following generations. Most interestingly, the Norns turned out to behave similarly to living creatures. This was seen as an important insight into how real world organisms may function and evolve. Earlier alife programs had worked by giving their organisms a limited set of commands and parameters, and seeing whether the way the subjects behaved was realistic. Artificial life, also known as alife or a-life, is the study of life through the use of human_made analogs of living systems. ... Biochemistry is the chemistry of life, a bridge between biology and chemistry that studies how complex chemical reactions give rise to life. ... Simplified view of an artificial neural network A neural network is an interconnected group of artificial or biological neurons. ... In the anatomy of animals, the brain, or encephalon, is the supervisory center of the nervous system. ... Space-filling model of a section of DNA molecule Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions specifying the biological development of all cellular forms of life (and many viruses). ... Charles Darwin, father of the theory of evolution by natural selection. ... Breeding has several meanings related to procreation: In animal husbandry and in horticulture the selection of stock for propagation and the act of insemination by natural or artificial means is called breeding. ... Artificial life, also known as alife or a-life, is the study of life through the use of human_made analogs of living systems. ...


It's worth pointing out that the genetics in Creatures are somewhat different from human genetics in that they are haploid and therefore any "evolution" is a result of random cross-over mutations and so there is no concept of dominant and recessive genes. Nevertheless, the complexity of the simulated biochemistry meant that Norn behaviour was highly unpredictable. Genetics (from the Greek genno γεννώ= give birth) is the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms. ... Physical anthropology, sometimes called biological anthropology, studies the mechanisms of biological evolution, genetic inheritance, human adaptability and variation, primatology, primate morphology, and the fossil record of human evolution. ... Haploid (meaning simple in Greek) cells have only one copy of each chromosome. ... Mutations are permanent, sometimes transmissible (if the change is to a germ cell) changes to the genetic material (usually DNA or RNA) of a cell. ...


Among the fans of Creatures were the Oxford zoologist Richard Dawkins and author Douglas Adams. Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... Zoology (Greek zoon = animal and logos = word) is the biological discipline which involves the study of animals. ... Dawkins is the holder of the Charles Simonyi Chair in the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ... The word author has several meanings: The author of a book, story, article or the like, is the person who has written it (or is writing it). ... Douglas Noël Adams in an undated publicity photograph by Jill Furmanovsky Douglas Noël Adams (March 11, 1952 – May 11, 2001), also known (to fans) as Bop Ad or Bob (after his illegible signature) or by his initials DNA (Watson and Cricks famous discovery was announced in Cambridge...


History

Screenshot of the orginal Creatures
Screenshot of the orginal Creatures

Creatures was developed as a consumer product by Millennium, and was released by Mindscape in 1996. The program was instantly successful, and an online community of players soon formed, swapping Norns, creating new objects for Albia, sharing tips on how to play the game and anecdotes about unexpected evolutionary changes that they had seen, and even creating new breeds of Norn. At one point, the Creatures online community was the largest of its type. Download high resolution version (1024x722, 290 KB) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... Download high resolution version (1024x722, 290 KB) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... Millennium Interactive was a Cambridge-based computer games developer responsible for titles such as James Pond, Defcon 5, Deadline and most famously, Creatures. ... The Mindscape is an international software publishing company. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... A virtual community is a group whose members are connected by means of information technologies, typically the Internet. ... CAOS is the scripting language the Creatures series of games use. ... Breeding has several meanings related to procreation: In animal husbandry and in horticulture the selection of stock for propagation and the act of insemination by natural or artificial means is called breeding. ...


In 1998, the computer games division of Millennium was sold to Sony Entertainment while those working on alife and Creatures formed a new company called Cyberlife Technology. Along with continued work on the Creatures titles, the company did work for industry and the British Ministry of Defense, famously attempting to teach alife organisms to fly fighter jets (virtually, of course!). 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Millennium Interactive was a Cambridge-based computer games developer responsible for titles such as James Pond, Defcon 5, Deadline and most famously, Creatures. ... Cyberlife Technology traded under the name Creature Labs, and were the creators of the Creatures series of games. ... A defence minister (Commonwealth English) or defense minister (American English) is a cabinet portfolio (position) which regulates the armed forces in a sovereign nation. ... A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ...


In the late 1990s, Grand left Cyberlife to form Cyberlife Research and focus on the production of new alife technologies, including current work on a robotic life form he calls Lucy as well as writing books about his research. The remainder of the company was renamed Creature Labs, and focused on computer game development. // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but otherwise retaining the same mindset. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with robot. ... Creature Labs is a company which was originally named Cyberlife Ltd. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ...


Sequels to Creatures, including Creatures 2, Creatures 3 and the small-children's games Creatures Adventures and Creatures Playground, were released by Creature Labs in subsequent years. The final major Creatures release, Docking Station, was made available for download from the company's web site in 2001. Creatures 2 is the second game in the Creatures a-life game series made by Creature Labs. ... Creatures 3 is the third game in the Creatures a-life game series made by Creature Labs. ... A docking station is a part of a portable computer that remains on a desk, containing hardware that is not needed when on the road, while a smaller section detaches to provide a lighter laptop. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


Development was suspended on future Creatures games on March 20, 2003, when Creature Labs ceased operations, but development and trademark rights have since been purchased by a company named Gameware Development, Ltd. Gameware has revived the Creatures Developer Network, the shop, the forums, and have released many before-purchaseable tools and add-ons for free. March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gameware Development is a computer game developer based in Cambridge, England which, in 2003, purchased the assets of Creature Labs, including the Creatures series of computer games. ...


Gameware staff that previously worked on Creatures have now developed a convergent media game for the BBC called Bamzooki. Corporate logo of the British Broadcasting Corporation The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the national broadcaster of the United Kingdom. ... BAMZOOKi is a Mixed Reality television gameshow on the BBC which features a toolkit developed by Gameware Development. ...


The Creatures games has recently been re-released in combination packs under the names The Albian Years (C1, C2), Creatures Exodus (C3, DS) and Creatures Village (CA, CP). The Albian Years games are separate products bundled for convenience, whereas the games in the other combination packs are bundled together as a single game world, as would be achieved if the products had been bought separately.


Also, Kutoka Interactive, a Canadian children's software company, has created releases of Creatures Exodus and Creatures Village that will be compatible with both Apple OSX and Windows XP. They were released on the 30th of September 2005, and can be purchased from the kutoka boutique. As of 2005, Windows XP is the current client version of the Microsoft Windows operating system. ...


Games

There were six major Creatures releases from Creature Labs. In addition to the three principal games, the Docking Station add-on (generally referenced as a separate game) and two children's games were released.


The Albian Years

Creatures

The original Creatures game, released in England and Australia in November 1996 and released in North America in July 1997, took place on the fictional disc-shaped world Albia. While the "faces" of the disc were uninhabitable, the "rim" of Albia was home to a complicated environment much like Earth's. Here lay an abandoned system of laboratories left over by the Shee, an advanced race that had suddenly left the planet many years earlier in order to find a more stable (possibly spherical?) world. In these laboratories and environments, the player was able to hatch new Norns from leftover eggs and reinhabit the world of Albia. Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Three Graces, here in a painting by Sandro Botticelli, were the goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility in Greek mythology. ... The World in plate carrée projection The World In English, world is rooted in a compound of the obsolete words were, man, and eld, age; thus, its oldest meaning is age or life of man. Its primary modern meaning is the planet Earth, especially when capitalized: the World. ... Earth, also known as the Earth, Terra, and (mostly in the 19th century) Tellus, is the third-closest planet to the Sun. ... Biochemistry laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... In Irish mythology, the sídhe (pronounced shee) are a supernatural race, quite distinct from humankind. ... A planet in common parlance is a large object in orbit around a star that is not a star itself. ... A year is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... An average Whooping Crane egg is 102 mm long, and weighs 208 grams A baby tortoise emerges from a reptile egg. ...


Creatures 2

Creatures 2 added 16-bit graphics and a larger world
Creatures 2 added 16-bit graphics and a larger world

Creatures 2, released on September 30, 1998, took place many years after the first game, after a devastating natural disaster (or, as explained in later games, a devastating Shee disaster) had changed the landscape of Albia dramatically and opened up new areas of the world. New technology and species were made available to the player. Despite the great change in environment, the focus of the game remained the same. Screenshot of Creatures 2 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Creatures 2 is the second game in the Creatures a-life game series made by Creature Labs. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 92 days remaining. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... A natural disaster is a catastrophe that occurs when a hazardous physical event (such as a volcanic eruption, earthquake, landslide, hurricane, or any of the other natural phenomena listed below) precipitates extensive damage to property, a large number of casualties, or both. ... Landscape can mean: The layout of a land area, particularly with respect to its appearance. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... In biology, the most commonly used definition of species was first coined by Ernst Mayr. ... A player can be any of the following: A player is a participant in a game. ...


Creatures Exodus

Creatures 3

Creatures 3, released on November 4, 1999, took a detour from the first two games. It took place on the actual spaceship that the Shee had used to flee Albia. The ship was divided into many carefully controlled environments. Creatures 3 was much more technologically focused. Still, the goal was to experiment with the three principal species and create a living world out of an empty ship. Creatures 3 is the third game in the Creatures a-life game series made by Creature Labs. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Ariane 5 lifts off with the Rosetta probe on 2nd of March, 2004. ... From Latin ex- + -periri (akin to periculum attempt). ...


Docking Station

The final major Creatures release was Docking Station, an Internet-based add-on to Creatures 3, released free of charge on the Creatures web site on March 27, 2001. It was intended as a way to sell Creatures 3 (you could dock the worlds of the two games together, hence the name 'Docking' Station) and extra packs of Norn breeds. A docking station is a part of a portable computer that remains on a desk, containing hardware that is not needed when on the road, while a smaller section detaches to provide a lighter laptop. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


Docking Station added the possibility of interaction between individual player worlds; Norns could 'travel' to other online worlds via a central server, players could chat to other online players, and it was possible to track Norns (and their offspring) which had been present in their worlds via the Docking Station website. While Docking Station was released late in the series' run, it changed gameplay (and the potential of the series) dramatically. It also expanded considerably on the game mythos, including the introduction of an 'anti-Shee', the Banshee, which has since been decanonised. Online chat is a generic term for what are now mostly known as instant messaging applications—computer programs that enable two-way typing to connect users to each other. ... The banshee (pronounced /ˈbænʃiː/) is a creature in Irish mythology, the word being derived from the Old Irish ben síde, modern Irish bean sídhe or bean sí, fairy woman (bean, woman, and sidhe, being the tuiseal ginideach or possessive case of fairy). They are remnants of...


There was also a Box with Creatures 3 and Docking Station together named Creatures: Internet Edition which was ported to Linux inhouse and published by Linux Game Publishing.


Creatures Village

Alongside the Albia/Exodus games, two games were released with a different audience in mind. The Creatures Village series, targeted at younger children (ages 6–9), had a more colorful atmosphere and simpler gameplay.


Creatures Adventures

Released in 2000, Creatures Adventures dropped the complex interface of the main series in favor of brighter graphics and a more childlike atmosphere, while keeping true to the original games' aspect of exploration. This article is about the year 2000. ...


Creatures Playground

The second game in the Village series, Creatures Playground (released the same year), could be connected to Adventures to create an even bigger world to explore.


Related topics

CAOS is the scripting language the Creatures series of games use. ... Creatures 2 is the second game in the Creatures a-life game series made by Creature Labs. ... Creatures 3 is the third game in the Creatures a-life game series made by Creature Labs. ... A docking station is a part of a portable computer that remains on a desk, containing hardware that is not needed when on the road, while a smaller section detaches to provide a lighter laptop. ... Categories: Stub | Creatures ... An Ettin from Creatures 3. ... A Grendel is also a character in the computer game Creatures. ... Artificial life, also known as alife or a-life, is the study of life through the use of human-made analogs of living systems. ...

External links

Official links

Third Party links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m