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Encyclopedia > Creation (theology)


'Creation is a doctrinal position in many religions and philosophical belief systems which maintains that a single God, or a group of or deities is responsible for creating the universe. The theological implications of creation may take a variety of forms, the most innocuous being that of a religious dogma, although there are varieties of such a belief fully compatible with a scientific point of view. There are religious believers who extend this to a strident advocacy of creationism, but the doctrinal belief is not necessarily synonymous with such advocacy. For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... This list of deities aims at giving information about deities in the different religions, cultures and mythologies of the world. ... For other uses, see Universe (disambiguation). ... Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... For other senses of this word, see dogma (disambiguation). ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Creationism is a religious belief that humanity, life, the Earth, and the universe were created in their original form by a deity or deities (often the Abrahamic God of Judaism, Christianity and Islam), whose existence is presupposed. ...


Scientific Creationism

The European Enlightenment, in adopting a materialist mechanistic "clockwork" metaphor for the organisation and structure of the universe, accepted as a general principle the "transcendental idealism" of Immanuel Kant that the deity was "first cause". The belief that the universe itself was rationally organised and capable of being investigated using reason was a development of the medieval view that the cosmos itself was the primary revelation of the divinity of the creator, and it is this scientific ideology that has propelled the development of modern science over the last three centuries.[1] The Age of Enlightenment refers to either the eighteenth century in European philosophy, or the longer period including the seventeenth century and the Age of Reason. ... In philosophy, materialism is that form of physicalism which holds that the only thing that can truly be said to exist is matter; that fundamentally, all things are composed of material and all phenomena are the result of material interactions; that matter is the only substance. ... In philosophy, mechanism is a theory that all natural phenomena can be explained by physical causes. ... For other uses, see Universe (disambiguation). ... Transcendental idealism is a doctrine founded by 18th-century German philosopher Immanuel Kant. ... Kant redirects here. ... Science is a body of empirical, theoretical, and practical knowledge about the natural world, produced by a global community of researchers making use of a body of techniques known as scientific methods, emphasizing the observation, experimentation and scientific explanation of real world phenomena. ...

More recently a second organicist view of scientific creationism has developed which looks at the hylozoic argument that the sacred is immanent in the creation process itself. This view, closer in some respects to animism, accepts that there may or may not have been a transcendental creator, but in the unfolding of the cosmos, meaning can be found that lifts the processes observed by scientists from the mundane. Rather than an absent transcendental "watchmaker" divinity of the first cause, the immanent view accepts that the entire cosmos is sacred, and that we human beings too are part of this evolutionary process.[2] “Life on Earth” redirects here. ... Hylozoism is the philosophical doctrine that all or some material things possess life. ... In various religions, sacred (from Latin, sacrum, sacrifice) or holy, objects, places or concepts are believed by followers to be intimately connected with the supernatural, or divinity, and are thus greatly revered. ... Immanence is a religious and philosophical concept. ... The term Animism is derived from the Latin anima, meaning soul.[1][2] In its most general sense, animism is simply the belief in souls. ... Profanum is the latin word for profane. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub | Philosophy of science | Religious Philosophy | Theology ...

Biblical neo-creationism

Main article: Neo-creationism

In the 1920s the Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy in the USA led to an upsurge of fundamentalist religious fervor. Anti-evolutionary sentiment stopped U.S. public schools from teaching evolution, through state laws such as Tennessee’s 1925 Butler Act,[3][4] and by getting evolution removed from biology textbooks nationwide.[5] Neo-creationism is a movement whose goal is to restate creationism in terms more likely to be well received by the public, policy makers, educators, and the scientific community. ... The Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy was a religious controversy within the Presbyterian Church in the USA. It is conventionally dated as beginning with the preaching of Harry Emerson Fosdicks sermon Shall the Fundamentalists Win? in 1922 and ending with J. Gresham Machen and a number of other conservative Presbyterian theologians... Look up fundamentalism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about evolution in biology. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about evolution in biology. ... The Butler Act was a 1925 Tennessee law forbidding the teaching of any evolutionary theory which indicated that man descended from lower orders of animals in public schools. ...

The launch of the Soviet artificial satellite Sputnik in 1957 created fears that the U.S. had fallen behind in science, leading to the promotion of science by the 1959 National Defense Education Act. Biological Sciences Curriculum Study textbooks teaching evolution were used in almost half of U.S. high schools. However, the prohibitions against teaching evolution were still in place, and a 1961 attempt to repeal the Butler Act failed.[6] State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... Sputnik 1 The Sputnik program was a series of unmanned space missions launched by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s to demonstrate the viability of artificial satellites. ... The National Defense Education Act (NDEA) is a United States Act of Congress, passed in 1958 providing aid to education in the United States at all levels, both public and private. ... The Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) is an American non-profit organization that develops curricular materials based on science and technology for schools. ...

In 1961, the book The Genesis Flood by theologian John C. Whitcomb and Baptist engineer Henry M. Morris brought the Biblically-literal Young Earth creationist pseudoscience of Seventh-day Adventist George McCready Price to a wider audience,[7][8] and by 1965 the term "scientific creationism" had gained currency.[8] The 1968 Epperson v. Arkansas judgement ruled that state laws prohibiting the teaching of evolution violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution which prohibits state aid to religion.[9] In 1975, the Daniel v. Waters decision required state laws constraining biology textbooks which included "origins or creation of man and his world" to give equal treatment to Genesis creation accounts was unconstitutional. Therefore, creationists instead started to promote "creation science" which omitted explicit biblical references.[6] More recently, creationists have championed the concept of "intelligent design", reviving the creationist views of William Paley of the 19th century. The Genesis Flood: The Biblical Record and its Scientific Implications is a 1961 book by the young earth creationists John C. Whitcomb and Henry M. Morris. ... John C. Whitcomb Dr John Clement Whitcomb, Jr. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... Henry M. Morris Henry Madison Morris, Ph. ... Biblical literalism is the supposed adherence to the explicit and literal sense of the Bible. ... Adam and Eve, the first human beings according to Genesis. ... A typical 18th century phrenology chart. ... The Seventh-day Adventist (abbreviated Adventist[1]) Church is a Christian denomination which is distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week, as the Sabbath. ... George McCready Price (1870 — 1963) was a Canadian creationist. ... Holding States may not require curricula to align with the views of any particular religion. ... The Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution states that: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion Together with the Free Exercise Clause, (or prohibiting the free exercise thereof), these two clauses make up what are commonly known as the religion clauses. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... Daniel v. ... For other uses, see Genesis (disambiguation). ... Creation science is the attempt to find scientific evidence that would justify a literal interpretation of the Biblical account of creation. ... For other uses, see Intelligent design (disambiguation). ... William Paley William Paley (July 1743 – May 25, 1805) was an English divine, Christian apologist, utilitarian, and philosopher. ...

"Scientific creationism differs from conventional science in numerous and substantial ways. One obvious difference is the way scientists and creationists deal with error." [10] While science is based in the scientific method, Biblical neo-Creationism is based in doctrine & Biblical faith. Scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. ...

Judaism and Christianity

Christianity Portal
See also: Creation according to Genesis

Fundamentalist Judaism and Christianity add to the belief of a divine creation of the cosmos, the belief that the Biblical account of the creation in the Book of Genesis is an accurate and inerrant description of how the process occurred. This is denied by most scientific creationists, who believe that the process of creation is uncovered best through scientific investigation, experiment and observation. Many of the non-fundamentalist scientific Christian and Jewish scientific creationists assert that there is no contradiction between the account of Genesis and the scientific account if one considers the Biblical stories are the best scientific account available at the time the Bible was written, and that the Book of Genesis was written in language that people alive at that time would understand. The truths of the Biblical account are therefore theological, moral and ethical in nature, and the text was composed before our modern conception of science even existed. Roman Catholic image of Jesus Christ as the Sacred Heart - no copyright This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This article is about the biblical text. ... Look up fundamentalism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... For other uses, see Genesis (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Biblical inerrancy is the doctrinal position... For other uses, see Big Bang (disambiguation). ...

Genesis 2:4-25

Mainstream Biblical scholarship maintains that the creation story found starting in Genesis 2:3 is the earlier of the two Genesis accounts. The story also reflects Israel's belief in its covenant relationship with God. The concern in the book of Genesis 2 seems mainly in the origins of humankind and the earth. There is a clear connection between humans and the land (Gen. 2:7) and the notion that people are a special creation of God. This article is about the academic treatment of the bible as a historical document. ... For other uses, see Genesis (disambiguation). ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Special creation describes a mechanism for producing life on earth that is promoted by special creationists following an agenda known as special creationism. In general, special creation is a type of belief about the origin of life on earth. ...

Fundamental Christians hold to the belief that Genesis 2 is a recount of Day 6, and God's creation in the Garden of Eden, while Genesis 1 refers to the six days of creation. Genesis 2 does not divide the creation up into days. On the eighth day, God decided to create science to challenge faith. This is a theory by Doctor G Harte, in early 2006.

Genesis 1:1-2:3

Most Biblical scholars believe that the Genesis 1 account can be attributed to the so-called "priestly" writer(s)/editor(s) (known in academic circles as "P") who was responsible for a fair portion of the Pentateuch. Dating to roughly the Exilic and early post-Exilic period of Hebrew history, the account sets forth creation on a cosmic scale. Revered for its majestic poetry concerning the beginnings of the universe, the Genesis 1 account is shaped as a litany, likely for use in the Temple in Jerusalem, though its basic form may predate the building of the Second Temple. Look up Pentateuch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple (Hebrew: בית המקדש, transliterated Bet HaMikdash and meaning literally The Holy House) was located on the Temple Mount (Har HaBayit) in the old city of Jerusalem. ...

Whereas the earlier account found in Genesis 2 emphasizes the closeness of humanity's relationship to the environment and the immanence of God, the later Genesis 1 account emphasizes the transcendent greatness of God and culminates in the establishment of the Sabbath. It is believed that the "P" source was concerned with maintaining a Jewish identity while removed from Jerusalem and Temple worship, and that the Sabbath was thus lifted up as a means to retain a distinctive identity in the midst of a pluralist Exilic culture. Hence, the account ends with the establishment of the Sabbath as an act of God, and an important part of the creative process. This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ...

This familiar account today is utilized for a variety of theological purposes.

  1. It is often used to stress the transcendence of God, his sovereignty, awesome power, and identity as wholly separate from creation.
  2. The account is typically used to establish or strengthen the notion of Sabbath as a key mark of God's "chosen people", particularly by Jewish scholars.
  3. This is a key passage for those who support the notion of creatio ex nihilo, or "creation out of nothing". This belief states that God created the cosmos without the aid of anything to begin. Genesis 1:1 reads in Hebrew, "Bereshit bara Elohim et hashamayim ve'et ha'arets...". In most traditional English translations, it reads, "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth...". God's existence and creative power apart from any original "building blocks" is assumed. A notable exception to this translation appears in the NRSV translation, which reads, "In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth...", which, while still compatible with the Hebrew text, seems to make the assumption that God created the universe out of "chaos". While this idea is found elsewhere in Scripture (notably in the Psalter), the NRSV is the first major English translation to find this notion in Genesis 1.
  4. The first creation story found in Genesis is also the key passage for those who subscribe to some form of creationism. Strict Creationism purports that Genesis is a literal account of how God created the universe; other forms of creationism typically affirm that Genesis 1 is true but not to be taken literally. The fact that there are differences in detail between the two creation accounts in Genesis, and that essentially no-one argues that Genesis 1 is more inspired than Genesis 2, demonstrates that not all the details of the two accounts are to be taken literally.

The terms "hashamayim ve'et ha'arets" (translated as Heaven and Earth} is identical to the Sumerian term Anunaki (Anu=heaven, na=and, Ki=Earth {Sumerian)), the name given to the Gods in Southern Mesopotamia. By this means, author/redactors of the Babylonian exile were asserting the superiority of their god over the polytheistic gods of Babylonia. In religion, transcendence is a condition or state of being that surpasses, and is independent of, physical existence. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Creationism is a religious belief that humanity, life, the Earth, and the universe were created in their original form by a deity or deities (often the Abrahamic God of Judaism, Christianity and Islam), whose existence is presupposed. ... Creationism is a religious belief that humanity, life, the Earth, and the universe were created in their original form by a deity or deities (often the Abrahamic God of Judaism, Christianity and Islam), whose existence is presupposed. ... The Anunaki, from Anu = Heaven/Sky, na = and, Ki = Earth, was the name given to the Sumerian, and later Babylonian pantheon. ... Sumerian ( native tongue) was the language of ancient Sumer, spoken in Southern Mesopotamia from at least the 4th millennium BCE. It was gradually replaced by Akkadian as a spoken language in the beginning of the 2nd millenium BCE, but continued to be used as a sacred, ceremonial, literary and scientific... Mesopotamia was a cradle of civilization geographically located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, largely corresponding to modern-day Iraq. ... The Babylonian captivity, or Babylonian exile, is the name generally given to the deportation and exile of the Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar. ... Babylonia was a state in southern Mesopotamia, in modern Iraq, combining the territories of Sumer and Akkad. ...


Psalm 74 (Greek numbering: 73) is part of the Biblical Book of Psalms. ... In the Old Testament, Ethan (אֵיתָן Firm, Standard Hebrew Etan, Tiberian Hebrew ʾÊṯān) the Ezrahite is the cymbal-player in King Davids court. ...

Rabbinic Interpretation

A Jewish midrash or homiletical interpretation tells that six things preceded the creation of the world: the Torah and the Throne of Glory were created, the creation of the Patriarchs was contemplated, the creation of Israel was contemplated, the creation of the Temple in Jerusalem was contemplated, the name of the Messiah was contemplated, and repentance too. (Genesis Rabbah 1:4.) Midrash (Hebrew: מדרש; plural midrashim) is a Hebrew word referring to a method of exegesis of a Biblical text. ... The Torah () is the most important document in Judaism, revered as the inspired word of G-d (the vocal is never spelled), traditionally said to have been revealed to Moses. ... The Patriarchs, known as the Avot in Hebrew, are Abraham, his son Isaac and his grandson Jacob. ... The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple (Hebrew: בית המקדש, transliterated Bet HaMikdash and meaning literally The Holy House) was located on the Temple Mount (Har HaBayit) in the old city of Jerusalem. ... In Judaism, the Messiah (Hebrew: , Standard  Tiberian ; Aramaic: , ; Arabic: , ; the Anointed One) at first meant any person who was anointed with oil on rising to a certain position among the ancient Israelites, at first that of High priest, later that of King and also that of a prophet. ... Genesis Rabba, (Breshit Rabba in Hebrew), is a religious text holy to classical Judaism. ...

The Mishnah teaches that God created the world with ten Divine utterances. Noting that surely God could have created the world with one utterance, the Mishnah asks: What are we meant to learn from this? The Mishnah answers: If God had created the world by a single utterance, men would think less of the world, and have less compunction about undoing God’s creation. (Mishnah Avot 5:1.) The Mishnah (Hebrew משנה, repetition) is a major source of rabbinic Judaisms religious texts. ...

New Testament

  • In Mark 10:6 in the context of a discussion on divorce Jesus affirms that "From the beginning of creation, God made [humans] male and female"
  • John 1 deliberately echoes Genesis 1 "In the beginning God created..." with "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." Identifying the Word with Jesus, it affirms that the Word was active in all creation (Genesis 1 says "and God said, let there be light, and there was light" etc...). Coupled with the presence of the Ruach of God (which means Wind, Spirit or Breath, and is generally translated in Genesis 1 as "Spirit") this is considered by Christians as an affirmation of the doctrine of the Trinity.
  • in Colossians 1:15 Paul affirms that all things were created in Jesus, through him and for him.

This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... This article is about the Christian Trinity. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...



God (Arabic:Allah), in the Quran, says: Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ...

"Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing." [21:30]

Islam, like the Judeo-Christian traditions, says that the universe was created in "days" or "steps":

"Verily your Lord is God, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority), regulating and governing all things." [10:3].

Another related phrase from the Quran is "Be, and it is".


The Quran declares: The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ...

"Then(simultaneously) turned He to the heaven when it was smoke, and said unto it and unto the earth: Come both of you, willingly or loth. They said: We come, obedient. Then He ordained them seven heavens in two Days and inspired in each heaven its mandate; and We decked the nether heaven with lamps, and rendered it inviolable. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Knower." [41: 11-12]


Regarding the creation of the Earth, the Quran says: This article is about Earth as a planet. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ...

"He set on the (earth), mountains standing firm, high above it, and bestowed blessings on the earth, and measure therein all things to give them nourishment in due proportion, in four Days, in accordance with (the needs of) those who seek (Sustenance)." [41:10]

"And We have spread out the (spacious) earth: How excellently We do spread out!" [51:48]


Hinduism Portal

The Hindu/Vedic texts such as the Srimad Bhagavatam describe that God in His form of the Primeval 'Maha-Vishnu' lies on the 'causal ocean' and as he exhales, countless numbers of universes are created from the pores in His skin. Then as He inhales, they are brought back into His body and become unmanifest again until the time of His next outward breath. Each breath is equivalent to many billions of years according to our calculation. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Veda redirects here. ... The Bhagavata Purana (sometimes rendered as Bhagavatha Purana), also known as the Srimad Bhagavatam, written c. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ...

The first living being created in each universe is called 'Brahma' (i.e "Creator) and is given the task of creating a diversity of life and environments within that particular universe. According to people's karma from the last universe they are put into appropriate bodies in the new one, anything from being Brahma themselves to being a small ant, and the cycle continues for infinity. More purified souls are given the task of stewardship over the existence in a similar fashion to Brahma, and are known as 'devas' but none have his specific powers. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Universe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Karma (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ant (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Infinity (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Deva (disambiguation). ...

Maha-Vishnu originates from The Supreme Person (Paramatma) - whose abode is beyond this material world. It is said that the material universes exist in a small space of an infinite and eternal 'spiritual sky', known as Vaikuntha. The spiritual sky, Vaikuntha, is beyond our material conceptions being filled with eternity, knowledge and bliss. In Vaikuntha it is said that "time is conspicuous by its absence" and thus there is no creation or dissolution. It is not destroyed when the material universes become unmanifest, but stays as it is. In Hindu theology, Paramatman is Absolute Atman or Supreme Soul. ... Vaikunta is the abode of Lord Vishnu, one of the Trimurti Hindu Gods. ... While in the popular mind, eternity often simply means existing for an infinite, i. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Look up time in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

There are at least 3 hymns within the 10th Mandala of Rg Veda that deal explicitly with the creation: The Nasadiya Suukta, The Hiranyagarbha Suukta and The Purusha Suukta. Serialized in Wings Original run 1990 – 1996 Volumes 10 OVA Director Hiroyuki Ebata Takamasa Ikegami Studio ANIMATE Episodes 2 Released 1991 This page refers to the manga. ...


Maya account for creation is described in details in Mayan sacred book Popol Vuh. According to this book, Universe, Earth and people were created by three water-dwelling serpents and three heaven-dwelling entities: In various religions, sacred (from Latin, sacrum, sacrifice) or holy, objects, places or concepts are believed by followers to be intimately connected with the supernatural, or divinity, and are thus greatly revered. ... The Popol Vuh (Quiché for Council Book or Book of the Community; Popol Wuj in modern spelling) is the book of scripture of the Quiché, a kingdom of the post classic Maya civilization in highland Guatemala. ... Serpent can be any of the following: The reptile commonly called snake. ...

"...There was only immobility and silence in the darkness, in the night. Only the creator, the Maker, Tepeu, Gucumatz, the Forefathers, were in the water surrounded with light. They were hidden under green and blue feathers, and were therefore called Gucumatz. By nature they were great sages and great thinkers. In this manner the sky existed and also the Heart of Heaven, which is the name of God and thus He is called.

Then came the word. Tepeu and Gucumatz came together in the darkness, in the night, and Tepeu and Gucumatz talked together. They talked then, discussing and deliberating; they agreed, they united their words and their thoughts.

Then while they meditated, it became clear to them that when dawn would break, man must appear. Then they planned the creation, and the growth of the trees and the thickets and the birth of life and the creation of man. Thus it was arranged in the darkness and in the night by the Heart of Heaven who is called Huracán.

The first is called Caculhá Huracán. The second is Chipi-Caculhá. The third is Raxa-Caculhá. And these three are the Heart of Heaven.

Then Tepeu and Gucumatz came together; then they conferred about life and light, what they would do so that there would be light and dawn, who it would be who would provide food and sustenance.

Thus let it be done! Let the emptiness be filled! Let the water recede and make a void, let the earth appear and become solid; let it be done. Thus they spoke. Let there be light, let there be dawn in the sky and on the earth! There shall be neither glory nor grandeur in our creation and formation until the human being is made, man is formed. So they spoke..."


  • Anderson, Bernhard, "A Stylistic Study of the Priestly Creation Story", Canon and Authority, G. Coats & B. Long, eds. (1977)
  • Anderson, Bernhard, ed., Creation in the Old Testament (1984) ISBN 0-8006-1768-1
  • Anderson, Bernhard, Creation versus Chaos (1967), ISBN 0-8006-1998-6
  • Anderson, Bernhard, Understanding the Old Testament (4th Edition) (1957, 1997) ISBN 0-13-948399-3
  • Brandon, S.G.F., Creation Legends of the Ancient Near East (1964)
  • Brueggemann, Walter, Genesis ISBN 0-8042-3101-X
  • Cross, Frank Moore, Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic (1973), ISBN 0-674-09176-0
  • Ellis, Peter, The Yahwist: The Bible's First Theologian (1968) ISBN 0-225-48819-1
  • Gunkel, Hermann, The Legends of Genesis: The Biblical Saga and History (1964) ISBN 1-59244-236-6
  • Oden, Thomas, The Living God (1984) ISBN 0-06-066363-4
  • Prabhupada, A.C.B.. Life Comes From Life, Bhaktivedanta Book Trust ISBN 0-89213-100-4 (Creation from the Vedic Perspective)
  • Rouvière Jean-Marc, "Brèves méditations sur la création du monde" L'Harmattan 2006 Paris, ISBN 2-7475-9922-1
  • Von Rad, Gerhard, Genesis (1972) ISBN 0-664-20957-2
  • Wright, G.E., The Old Testament and Theology (1969)

Bernhard Word Anderson is a United Methodist pastor and one of the best known Old Testament scholars of the twentieth century. ... Walter Brueggemann (b. ... Translated and abridged from the German version of wikipedia. ... Dr. Thomas C. Oden Thomas Clark Oden (October 21, 1931 - ) is an American Christian theologian associated with Drew University in New Jersey. ... A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (September 1, 1896–November 14, 1977) was born Abhay Charan De, in Kolkata, West Bengal. ... The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust (BBT) is the worlds largest publisher of books concerning Krishna and the philosophy, religion, and culture of the Vedic tradition of India. ...

See also

Esoteric cosmology is cosmology that is an intrinsic part of an esoteric or occult system of thought. ... A relational diagram describing the various versions postulated by the biblical documentary hypothesis. ... Higher criticism, also known as historical criticism, is a branch of literary analysis that attempts to investigate the origins of a text, especially the text of the Bible. ... Source Criticism is an aspect of historical criticism, a method of literary study used especially in the field of biblical criticism that seeks to understand a literary piece better by attempting to establish the sources used by the author and/or redactor who put the literary piece together. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Allegorical interpretations of Genesis is devoted to historical and contemporary non-literal regarding the book of Genesis. ... Ex nihilo is a Latin term meaning out of nothing. It is often used in conjunction with the term creation, as in creatio ex nihilo, meaning creation out of nothing. Due to the nature of this, the term is often used in philosophical or creationistic arguments, as a number of... This article is about the biblical text. ... This T and O map, which abstracts that societys known world to a cross inscribed within an orb, remakes geography in the service of Christian iconography and identifies the three known continents as populated by descendents of Shem (Sem), Ham (Cham) and Japheth (Iafeth) The Table of Nations is... According to the Bible, the only survivors from the antediluvian period were Noah and his family. ... Mythologically, the 40 Century BC relates to the beginning of primeval human civilization. ... For other uses, see Intelligent design (disambiguation). ... Galileo before the Holy Office by Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury, a classic depiction of science clashing with religion The conflict thesis, also known as the warfare thesis, the warfare model or the Draper-White thesis, is an interpretive model of the relationship between religion and science. ... Paradigm shift is the term first used by Thomas Kuhn in his 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions to describe a change in basic assumptions within the ruling theory of science 17th Century: The transition from a Ptolemaic cosmology to a Copernican one. ... There are many stories that inform our understanding of the history of science and technology. ... Scientism is a term mainly used as a pejorative[1][2][3] to accuse someone of holding that science has primacy over all other interpretations of life such as religious, mythical, spiritual, or humanistic explanations. ... In the history of ideas, the continuity thesis is the hypothesis that there was no radical discontinuity between the intellectual development of the high Middle Ages, and the developments in the Renaissance and early modern period. ...

External links

The English Standard Version (ESV) is an English translation of the Bible. ... The English Standard Version (ESV) is an English translation of the Bible. ... The English Standard Version (ESV) is an English translation of the Bible. ... The English Standard Version (ESV) is an English translation of the Bible. ...


  1. ^ Tarnas, (1993), "The Passion of the Western Mind: Understanding the Ideas that Have Shaped Our World View" (Balantine)
  2. ^ Swimme, Brian and Berry, Thomas (1994), "The Universe Story : From the Primordial Flaring Forth to the Ecozoic Era--A Celebration of the Unfolding of the Cosmos" (Harper, San Francisco)
  3. ^ s:Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District/2:Context#Page 19 of 139
  4. ^ Understanding the Intelligent Design Creationist Movement: Its True Nature and Goals. (pdf) A Position Paper from the Center for Inquiry, Office of Public Policy Barbara Forrest. May, 2007.
  5. ^ TalkOrigins Archive: Post of the Month: March 2006, The History of Creationism by Lenny Flank.
  6. ^ a b Creationism/ID, A Short Legal History, Lenny Flank, Talk Reason
  7. ^ Forster, Roger & Marston, Dr Paul (2001), "Chapter 7 - Genesis Through History", Reason Science and Faith, Chester, England: Monarch Books, ISBN 1854244418, <http://www.ivycottage.org/group/group.aspx?id=6826>. Retrieved on 2007-06-30.
  8. ^ a b McLean v. Arkansas Board of Education, Decision January 5, 1982.
  9. ^ Edwards v. Aguillard
  10. ^ Scientific Creationism and Error, Robert SchadewaldCreation/Evolution, v. 6, n. 1, pp. 1-9, 1986.

  Results from FactBites:
Creation Theology: The Good News of Redemption (0 words)
The Bible states that "The LORD by wisdom founded the earth; by understanding He established the heavens." Yet most will summarily dismiss the biblical creation account as being a foolish and naive myth.
Recounted in the first chapter of the Bible, the creation account cannot be isolated from the rest of Scripture.
In His wisdom and understanding, God structured the creation of the universe to prepare and support the gospel message, and then began that message with the creation account.
Theology of Creation - Evolutionary, Progressive, and Young-Earth (0 words)
Creation and Evolution is a links-page with an introductory overview by Jack Haas — who is current editor of the ASA Website, and former editor of ASA's journal, Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith — plus links to papers expressing a wide range of views.
Theologies of an Evolving Creation by Robert Schneider, is an overview of responses to Darwin, evolution vs evolutionism, and theologies of evolutionary creation: immanence and panentheism, providence and causality, fully gifted creation, Creator as lover, vulnerable God on the cross, and Teilhard de Chardin.
There are three types of divine design and evolutionary creationists accept two (design of natural process, and design-action by a guiding of natural process) but reject the one type (design-action that is miraculous-appearing and thus could be scientifically detectable) that is most controversial and is the common meaning of Intelligent Design.
  More results at FactBites »



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