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Encyclopedia > Crayfish
Crayfish

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Mandibulata
Class: Crustacea
Subclass: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Suborder: Pleocyemata
Infraorder: Astacidea
Superfamily: Astacoidea
Latreille, 1802
Parastacoidea
Huxley, 1879

Families

Astacoidea
  Astacidae
  Cambaridae
Parastacoidea
  Parastacidae Crawfish1. ... Scientific classification redirects here. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ... In arthropods, the mandible is either of a pair of arthropod mouthparts used for biting, cutting and holding food. ... Classes Remipedia Cephalocarida Branchiopoda Ostracoda Maxillopoda Malacostraca The crustaceans (Crustacea) are a large group of arthropods (55,000 species), usually treated as a subphylum. ... // Subclasses Eumalacostraca Hoplocarida Phyllocarida See text for orders. ... Suborders Dendrobranchiata Pleocyemata See text for superfamilies. ... Infraorders Caridea Stenopodidea Reptantia, divided into: Polychelida Achelata Glypheoidea Astacidea Thalassinidea Anomala Brachyura Pleocyemata is a sub-order of decapod crustaceans, erected by Martin Burkenroad in 1963. ... Superfamilies see text Astacidea is a group of decapod crustaceans including lobsters, crayfish and their close relatives. ... Pierre André Latreille. ... The word crayfish or crawfish can mean:- Sea crayfish, also called spiny lobster. ... Thomas Henry Huxley PC, FRS (4 May 1825 Ealing – 29 June 1895 Eastbourne, Sussex) was an English biologist, known as Darwins Bulldog for his advocacy of Charles Darwins theory of evolution. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Genera Astacus Austropotamobius Pacifastacus The family Astacidae comprises the freshwater crayfish native to Europe and western North America. ... Genera Barbicambarus Bouchardina Cambarellus Cambaroides Cambarus Distocambarus Fallicambarus Faxonella Hobbseus Orconectes Procambarus Troglocambarus Cambaridae is the largest of the three families of freshwater crayfish. ... The word crayfish or crawfish can mean:- Sea crayfish, also called spiny lobster. ... Genera Astacoides Astacopsis Cherax Engaeus Engaewa Euastacus Geocherax Gramastacus Paranephrops Parastacoides Parastacus Samastacus Tenuibranchiurus Virilastacus Parastacidae is the family of freshwater crayfish found in the southern hemisphere. ...

Crayfish, often referred to as crawfish, or crawdads, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are closely related. They breathe through gills and are found in bodies of water that do not freeze to the bottom; they are also mostly found in brooks and streams where there is fresh water running, and which have shelter against predators. Most crayfish cannot tolerate polluted water, although some species such as the invasive Procambarus clarkii are more hardy. Some crayfish have been found living as much as 3 m (10 feet) underground. For the village on the Isle of Wight, see Freshwater, Isle of Wight. ... For the Dutch band, see Crustacean (band). ... Subfamilies and Genera Neophoberinae Acanthacaris Thymopinae Nephropsis Nephropides Thymops Thymopsis Nephropinae Homarus Nephrops Homarinus Metanephrops Eunephrops Thymopides Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans. ... For other uses, see Gill (disambiguation). ... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ... Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ... Binomial name Procambarus clarkii Girard, 1852 Procambarus clarkii is a species of freshwater crayfish, native to the south-eastern United States, but found also on other continents, where it is often an invasive pest. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


In Australia and New Zealand, the name crayfish (or cray) generally refers to a saltwater spiny lobster, of the type Jasus that is indigenous to much of southern Oceania, whilst the freshwater species are usually considered a yabby, or a koura, from the Aboriginal, and Māori, names for the animal. Genera Jasus Linuparus Palinurus Panulirus Spiny lobsters, also known as rock lobsters are a family (Palinuridae) of about 45 species of achelate crustaceans, in the Decapoda Reptantia. ... Type species Palinurus lalandii H. Milne Edwards, 1837 Species Jasus edwardsii (Hutton, 1875) Jasus frontalis (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837) Jasus lalandii (H. Milne-Edwards, 1837) Jasus novaehollandiae Holthuis, 1963 Jasus paulensis (Heller, 1862) Jasus tristani Holthuis, 1963 Jasus verreauxi (H. Milne Edwards, 1851) Jasus is a genus of spiny lobsters... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ... Fresh water redirects here. ... Cherax destructor (common yabby) Yabby is a name given in Australia to two different kinds of crustacean. ... Koura is a district in the North of Lebanon. ... Language(s) Several hundred Indigenous Australian languages (many extinct or nearly so), Australian English, Australian Aboriginal English, Torres Strait Creole, Kriol Religion(s) Primarily Christian, with minorities of other religions including various forms of Traditional belief systems based around the Dreamtime Related ethnic groups see List of Indigenous Australian group... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ...


In South Africa crayfish denotes yet another species of medium sized marine lobster type crustacean having claws that is found in its coastal waters on its west coast .


The study of crayfish is called astacology [1].

Contents

Names

The name "crayfish" comes from the Old French word escrevisse (Modern French écrevisse) from Old Frankish *krebitja (cf. crab), from the same root as crawl. The word has been modified to "crayfish" by association with "fish" (folk etymology). The largely American variant "crawfish" is similarly derived. Old French is a term sometimes used to refer to the langue doïl, the continuum of varieties of Romance language spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of Belgium and Switzerland during the period roughly from 1000 to 1300 A.D... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... Old Frankish was the language of the Franks. ... For other uses, see Crab (disambiguation). ... Folk etymology is a term used in two distinct ways: A commonly held misunderstanding of the origin of a particular word, a false etymology. ...


Some kinds of crayfish are known locally as lobsters, crawdads [2], mudbugs [2] and yabbies. In the Eastern United States, "crayfish" is more common in the north, while "crawdad" is heard more in central and western regions, and "crawfish" further south, although there are considerable overlaps [3]. <a href="www.myspace.com> boo</a> Subfamilies and Genera Neophoberinae Acanthacaris Thymopinae Nephropsis Nephropides Thymops Thymopsis Nephropinae Homarus Nephrops Homarinus Metanephrops Eunephrops Thymopides Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans. ... Species about 40; see text Cherax is the largest and most widespread genus of crayfish in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Red shows states east of the Mississippi River, pink shows states not fully eastern or western The U.S. Eastern states are the states east of the Mississippi River. ...


Anatomy

Main article: Decapod anatomy

The body of a decapod crustacean, such as a crab, lobster, or prawn, is made up of nineteen body segments grouped into two main body parts, the cephalothorax and the abdomen. Each segment may possess one pair of appendages, although in various groups these may be reduced or missing. A crayfish is usually 7.5 centimeters long. Antennules Pereiopods Carapace Pleopods Uropods Telson The body of a decapod crustacean, such as a crab, lobster, or prawn, is made up of nineteen body segments grouped into two main body parts, the cephalothorax and the abdomen. ... Suborders Dendrobranchiata Pleocyemata See text for superfamilies. ... Classes Remipedia Cephalocarida Branchiopoda Ostracoda Maxillopoda Malacostraca The crustaceans (Crustacea) are a large group of arthropods (55,000 species), usually treated as a subphylum. ... Segmentation in biology refers to the division of some metazoan bodies and plant body plans into a series of semi-repetitive segments, and the question of the benefits and costs of doing so. ... The cephalothorax is an anatomical term used of arachnid and malacostracan arthropods for the first major body section. ... The abdomen in a human and an ant. ... Look up appendage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Cricoidoscelosus aethus (Cricoidoscelosidae), a fossil crayfish in Hong Kong Science Museum.
Cricoidoscelosus aethus (Cricoidoscelosidae), a fossil crayfish in Hong Kong Science Museum.

The Hong Kong Science Museum (Chinese: 香港科學館, pinyin: Xiang Gang Ke Xue Guan) is a scientific-themed museum in Tsim Sha Tsui East, Kowloon Peninsula, Hong Kong. ...

Geographical distribution and classification

A crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) is digging its burrow near a pond
A crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) is digging its burrow near a pond

There are three families of crayfish, two in the northern hemisphere and one in the southern hemisphere. The southern-hemisphere (Gondwana-distributed) family Parastacidae lives in South America, Madagascar and Australasia, and is distinguished by the lack of the first pair of pleopods [4]. Of the other two families, members of the Astacidae live in western Eurasia and western North America and members of the family Cambaridae live in eastern Asia and eastern North America. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 578 pixelsFull resolution (1816 × 1312 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 578 pixelsFull resolution (1816 × 1312 pixel, file size: 1. ... Northern hemisphere highlighted in yellow. ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ... For other uses of Gondwana and Gondwanaland, see Gondwana (disambiguation). ... Genera Astacoides Astacopsis Cherax Engaeus Engaewa Euastacus Geocherax Gramastacus Paranephrops Parastacoides Parastacus Samastacus Tenuibranchiurus Virilastacus Parastacidae is the family of freshwater crayfish found in the southern hemisphere. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Antennules Pereiopods Carapace Pleopods Uropods Telson The body of a decapod crustacean is made up of nineteen body segments grouped into two main body parts, the cephalothorax and the abdomen. ... Genera Astacus Austropotamobius Pacifastacus The family Astacidae comprises the freshwater crayfish native to Europe and western North America. ... For other uses, see Eurasia (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... Genera Barbicambarus Bouchardina Cambarellus Cambaroides Cambarus Distocambarus Fallicambarus Faxonella Hobbseus Orconectes Procambarus Troglocambarus Cambaridae is the largest of the three families of freshwater crayfish. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ...


The greatest diversity of crayfish species is found in south-eastern North America, with over 330 species in nine genera, all in the family Cambaridae. A further genus of astacid crayfish is found in the Pacific Northwest and the headwaters of some rivers east of the Continental Divide. North American redirects here. ... Genera Barbicambarus Bouchardina Cambarellus Cambaroides Cambarus Distocambarus Fallicambarus Faxonella Hobbseus Orconectes Procambarus Troglocambarus Cambaridae is the largest of the three families of freshwater crayfish. ... Genera Astacus Austropotamobius Pacifastacus The family Astacidae comprises the freshwater crayfish native to Europe and western North America. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... A continental divide is a line of elevated terrain which forms a border between two watersheds such that water falling on one side of the line eventually travels to one ocean or body of water, and water on the other side travels to another, generally on the opposite side of...


Australasia is another centre of crayfish diversity, with over 100 species in a dozen genera. Many of the better-known Australian crayfish are of the genus Cherax, and include the marron (Cherax tenuimanus), red-claw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus), yabby (Cherax destructor) and western yabby (Cherax preissii). The world's largest crayfish, Astacopsis gouldi, which can achieve a mass in excess of 3 kilograms, is found in the rivers of northern Tasmania. Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Cherax tenuimanus Smith, 1912 Cherax tenuimanus, the marron, is a large freshwater crayfish found in the south-west corner of Australia. ... Binomial name Cherax quadricarinatus Von Martens, 1868 The Australian red claw crayfish, also called Queensland red claw or just Redclaw, Cherax quadricarinatus, is an Australian freshwater crayfish. ... Binomial name Cherax destructor Clark, 1936 The common yabby, Cherax destructor, is a freshwater crayfish, whose colour can be anything from blue to green or red. ... Binomial name Cherax destructor Clark, 1936 The common yabby, Cherax destructor, is a freshwater crayfish, whose colour can be anything from blue to green or red. ... Binomial name Astacopsis gouldi Clark, 1936 Astacopsis gouldi, the Tasmanian giant freshwater lobster (in fact, a kind of crayfish, not lobster), is the largest freshwater invertebrate in the world. ... Kg redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product...


Madagascar has a single (endemic) crayfish species, Astacopsis madagascarensis. Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope. ...

Europe is home to seven species of crayfish in the genera Astacus and Austropotamobius. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (880x584, 121 KB) Summary Crayfish, photographed in Karabakh, by Raffi Kojian. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (880x584, 121 KB) Summary Crayfish, photographed in Karabakh, by Raffi Kojian. ... Binomial name Astacus astacus (Linnaeus, 1758) Astacus astacus, the European crayfish, noble crayfish or broad-fingered crayfish, is the commonest of Europes species of crayfish (Note: it is also commonly referred to as Astacus fluviatilis; this is the same species). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For a Greek place of this name, see Astakos Species Astacus astacus Astacus leptodactylus Astacus pachypus Astacus is a genus of crayfish found in Europe and western Asia, comprising three species: Astacus astacus (Linnaeus, 1758), the noble crayfish, European crayfish, or broad-fingered crayfish Astacus leptodactylus (Eschscholtz, 1823), the Danube... Type species Cancer torrentium Species See text Austropotamobius is a genus of crayfish in the family Astacidae. ...


Cambaroides is native to Japan and eastern mainland Asia. Cambaroides is a genus of freshwater crayfish. ...


Crayfish as a dish

Boiled crayfish
Boiled crayfish

Crayfish are eaten in Europe, China, Africa, Australia and the United States. 98% of the crayfish harvested in the United States come from Louisiana, where the standard culinary terms are crawfish or écrevisses. Boiled crawdads, served at the Acme Oyster House in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Boiled crawdads, served at the Acme Oyster House in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


Louisiana crawfish are usually boiled live in a large pot with heavy seasoning (salt, cayenne pepper, lemon, garlic, bay leaves, etc.) and other items such as potatoes, maize, onions, garlic, and sausage. They are generally served at a gathering known as a crawfish boil. Other popular dishes in the Cajun and Creole cuisines of Louisiana include crawfish étouffée, crawfish pie, crawfish dressing, crawfish bread, and crawfish beignets [5], and crayfish are an ingredient in Chicken Marengo. This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... This article is about the maize plant. ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. ... This article is about the prepared meat. ... Seafood boil is the generic term for any number of different kinds of social events in which shellfish is the central element. ... Cajun cuisine originates from the French-speaking Acadian or Cajun immigrants deported by the English from Acadia in Canada to the Acadiana region of Louisiana, USA. It is what could be called a rustic cuisine — locally available ingredients predominate, and preparation is simple. ... Louisiana Creole cuisine is a style of cooking originating in Louisiana (centered on the Greater New Orleans area) that blends French, Spanish, and American influences. ... Étouffée or etouffee is a Creole seafood dish typically served over rice, similar to gumbo, very popular in New Orleans and in the Cajun country of the Atchafalaya Basin to the west. ... Chicken Marengo is so named for being the last dish that Napoléon Bonaparte ate at the Battle of Marengo (1800). ...


A common myth is that a crawfish with a straight tail died before it was boiled.[6]

A Male Hooded Merganser eating a crayfish
A Male Hooded Merganser eating a crayfish

Crayfish is a popular dish in Scandinavia, and is by tradition primarily consumed during the fishing season in August. The boil is typically flavoured with salt, sugar, ale, and large quantities of the flowers of the dill plant. The catch of domestic freshwater crayfish, Astacus astacus, and even of a transplanted American species, Pacifastacus leniusculus, is very limited and to satisfy demand the majority of what is consumed has to be imported. Sales depended on imports from Turkey for several decades, but after a decline in supply, China and the United States are today the biggest sources of import. Binomial name Lophodytes cucullatus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) is a small sea duck, and is the only member of the genus Lophodytes (Reichenbach, 1853). ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... This article is about common table salt. ... This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely-traded commodity. ... For other uses, see Ale (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dill (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Astacus astacus (Linnaeus, 1758) Astacus astacus, the European crayfish, noble crayfish or broad-fingered crayfish, is the commonest of Europes species of crayfish (Note: it is also commonly referred to as Astacus fluviatilis; this is the same species). ... Binomial name Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1852) The signal crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus, is an American crayfish indigenous to the western United States. ...


The Mexican crayfish is named locally as acocil and was a very important nutrition source of the ancient Mexican Aztec culture; now this kind of crayfish is consumed (mainly boiled) and prepared with typically Mexican sauces or condiments in central and southern Mexico. Acocil comes from the nahuatl language and is written acotzilli Acocil is a fresh water crustacea is like a shrimp with two species (Cambarellus montezumae and Cambarellus zempoalensis), it resembles like a little crayfish or a small lobster and was considered in the past and persists as a delicious food. ... For other uses, see Aztec (disambiguation). ...


In China, the culinary popularity of crayfish swept across Mainland China in the late 1990s. Crayfish is generally served with Mala flavour (a combined flavour of Sichuan pepper and hot chili) or otherwise plainly steamed whole, to be eaten with a preferred sauce. In Beijing, the Ma La flavoured crayfish (麻辣小龙虾) is shortened to "Ma Xiao" (麻小) and is often enjoyed with beer in a hot mid-summer evening. Sichuan Mala (Traditional and Simplified Chinese: 四川麻辣) is a very popular Chinese spicy sauce, made of Chinese pepper, sesame oil, butter, herbs and different spices, originated from Sichuan Province, China, mostly served with food in soup or hotpot. ... Peking redirects here. ...


Like other edible crustaceans, only a small portion of the body of a crayfish is edible. In most prepared dishes, such as soups, bisques and étouffées, only the tail portion is served. At crawfish boils or other meals where the entire body of the crayfish is presented, however, other portions may be eaten. Claws of larger boiled specimens are often pulled apart to access the meat inside. Another favourite is to suck the head of the crayfish, as seasoning and flavour can collect in the boiled interior. A popular double entendre laden phrase heard around crawfish season in Louisiana derives from this practice: "Suck the head, eat the tail" [7]. A double entendre is a figure of speech similar to the pun, in which a spoken phrase can be understood in either of two ways. ...


Crayfish as pets

A crayfish in a freshwater aquarium
A crayfish in a freshwater aquarium

Crayfish are kept as pets in freshwater aquariums. They prefer foods like shrimp pellets or various vegetables but will also eat tropical fish food, algae wafers, and even small fish that can be captured by their claws, such as goldfish or minnows. Their disposition towards eating almost anything will also cause them to consume most aquarium plants in a fish tank; however, crayfish are fairly shy and may attempt to hide under leaves or rocks. When keeping a crayfish as a pet, one must provide a hiding space. At night, some fish become less energetic and settle to the bottom. The crayfish might see this as a chance for an easy meal, or a threat, and injure or kill the fish with its claws. Crayfish are effective scavengers and will consume fish carcasses. They sometimes will consume an exoskeleton after it is moulted. Since crayfish are accustomed to being around ponds or rivers they will have a tendency to shift gravel around on the bottom of your tank, creating mounds or trenches to emulate a burrow. Crayfish are great escape artists and will try to climb out of the tank, so any holes in the hood should be covered. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,280 × 960 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,280 × 960 pixels, file size: 1. ... For the snack marketed by Pepperidge Farm, see Goldfish (snack) Trinomial name Carassius auratus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) The goldfish, Carassius auratus, was one of the earliest fish to be domesticated, and is still one of the most commonly kept aquarium fish and water garden fish. ... For fish, the word minnow can mean, in decreasing order of specificity: The Eurasian minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758) Any, particularly small, fish of the family Cyprinidae Any, particularly small, fish of the family Centrarchidae Fish of the family Galaxiidae, in particular those of genus galaxiid occurring in the Southern... This article is about the study of escapology. ...


In some nations, such as England, United States, Australia, and New Zealand, imported alien crayfish are a danger to local rivers. The three species commonly imported to Europe from the Americas are Orconectes limosus, Pacifastacus leniusculus and Procambarus clarkii. [8] Crayfish may spread into different bodies of water because specimens captured for pets in one river are often flung back into a different one. There is a potential for ecological damage when crayfish are introduced into nonnative bodies of water. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Crayfish plague

Moche Crayfish. 200 A.D. Larco Museum Collection Lima, Peru.
Moche Crayfish. 200 A.D. Larco Museum Collection Lima, Peru.
Metal crayfish statue in Donetsk, Ukraine.
Metal crayfish statue in Donetsk, Ukraine.
Main article: Crayfish plague

Some crayfish suffer from a disease called crayfish plague. This is caused by the water mould Aphanomyces astaci. Species of the genus Astacus are particularly susceptible to infection, allowing the more resistant signal crayfish to invade parts of Europe. Crayfish plague is not indigenous to Europe, rather it was introduced by the incorporation of new species of crayfish from the Americas. [8] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Larco Museum (Spanish: ) is located in the Pueblo Libre District in Lima, Peru. ... For Donetsk in Russia, see Donetsk, Russia. ... Binomial name Aphanomyces astaci Schikora, 1906 Crayfish plague, Aphanomyces astaci, is a water mould that infects and kills the European Astacus crayfish. ... Binomial name Aphanomyces astaci Schikora, 1906 Crayfish plague, Aphanomyces astaci, is a water mould that infects and kills the European Astacus crayfish. ... Orders Lagenidiales Leptomitales Peronosporales Pythiales Rhipidiales Saprolegniales Sclerosporales Water moulds or Oomycetes are a group of filamentous protists, physically resembling fungi. ... For a Greek place of this name, see Astakos Species Astacus astacus Astacus leptodactylus Astacus pachypus Astacus is a genus of crayfish found in Europe and western Asia, comprising three species: Astacus astacus (Linnaeus, 1758), the noble crayfish, European crayfish, or broad-fingered crayfish Astacus leptodactylus (Eschscholtz, 1823), the Danube... Binomial name Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1852) The signal crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus, is an American crayfish indigenous to the western United States. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Other

The Moche people of ancient Peru worshiped animals and often depicted crayfish in their art.[9] The Moche civilization (alternately, the Mochica culture, Early Chimu, Pre-Chimu, Proto-Chimu, etc. ...


References

  1. ^ International Association of Astacology.
  2. ^ a b Pableaux Johnson. Mudbug Madness : Crawfish. Bayou Dog. Retrieved on 2006-08-28.
  3. ^ Bert Vaux & Scott A. Golder. Dialect survey. Harvard University. Retrieved on 2006-09-30.
  4. ^ Horton H. Hobbs, Jr. (1974). Synopsis of the families and genera of crayfishes (Crustacean: Decapoda). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 164: 1–32. 
  5. ^ Chuck Taggart. The Creole and Cajun Recipe Page. The Gumbo Pages. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  6. ^ Scientist More Interested in Research than Crawfish Boils. Retrieved on 2008-02-26.
  7. ^ Lessley Anderson. "Do you suck heads? — Easter is crawfish-boil time in Louisiana", Chow.com, 2007-03-27. 
  8. ^ a b Lee, James R. (1998-12-05). TED Case Studies Crayfish Plague #478 European Crayfish Dispute. Retrieved on 2008-01-20.
  9. ^ Berrin, Katherine & Larco Museum. The Spirit of Ancient Peru:Treasures from the Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997.
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Further reading

  • Gilbertson, Lance; Zoology Lab Manual; McGraw Hill Companies, New York; ISBN 0-07-237716-X (fourth edition, 1999)

External links

Louisiana Crawfish Research and Promotion Board


Crayfish Mates - All Crustacean and Crayfish Forums


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Crayfish (1407 words)
Crayfish, of all of the freshwater invertebrates of inland Australia, are the most widely recognised and important to the human population and the natural aquatic ecosystems.
Crayfish bodies are divided into three parts; the head, the thorax (the section that contains the legs), and the abdomen (or the tail, which is the edible part of many large crustaceans including crayfish, prawns and lobsters).
These crayfish are commonly referred to as freshwater lobsters, spiny lobsters or spiny crayfish because their bodies are covered in large spines, particularly on the tail and the claws.
Crayfish - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1136 words)
Crayfish are eaten in Europe and China, but they are perhaps most popular in Louisiana, where the standard culinary term is crawfish; in fact, 98% of the crayfish harvested in the United States comes from Louisiana.
Crayfish is a popular dish in Sweden and Finland, and is by tradition primarily consumed during the fishing season in August.
The Mexican crayfish is named locally as Acocil and was a very important nutrition source of the ancient Mexican Aztec culture; now this kind of crayfish is consumed (mainly boiled) and prepared with typically Mexican sauces or condiments in central and southern Mexico.
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