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Encyclopedia > Crawford Long
Crawford Long.
Crawford Long.

Crawford Williamson Long (November 1, 1815June 16, 1878) was an American physician and pharmacist. He was born in Danielsville, Madison County, Georgia. He received his M.D. at the University of Pennsylvania in 1839. He performed the first surgical operation in general anesthesia induced by ether after Hanaoka Seishu did. Image File history File linksMetadata CrawfordLong. ... Image File history File linksMetadata CrawfordLong. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Doctor. ... The mortar and pestle is an international symbol of pharmacists and pharmacies. ... Danielsville is a city located in Madison County, Georgia. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... A cardiothoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. ... Anesthesia or anaesthesia (see spelling differences) has traditionally meant the condition of having the perception of pain and other sensations blocked. ... This article is about the chemical compound. ... Hanaoka Seishu (華岡青洲, November 30, 1760 - November 21, 1835) was a Japanese physician and was the first to perform surgery using general anaesthesia. ...


Although William T.G. Morton is well-known for performing his historic anesthesia on October 16, 1846 in Boston, Massachusetts, C.W. Long is now known to be the first to have used an ether-based anesthesia. William T.G. Morton is now sometimes credited as performing the first "public" demonstration of ether as a surgical anesthetic, however this is also erroneous as Dr. Long publicly demonstrated the use of ether as a surgical anesthetic on numerous occasions before 1846. In 1854, Long requested William Crosby Dawson, U.S. Senator, to present his claims to the attention of Congress [1]. William T.G. Morton William Thomas Green Morton (August 9, 1819 - July 15, 1868) was responsible for the first successful public demonstration of ether as an inhalation anesthetic. ... “Boston” redirects here. ... William T.G. Morton William Thomas Green Morton (August 9, 1819 - July 15, 1868) was responsible for the first successful public demonstration of ether as an inhalation anesthetic. ... This article is about the chemical compound. ... This article is about the chemical compound. ... William Crosby Dawson (1798 - 1856) Member of the United States Senate from Georgia Chronological Biography Born in Greensboro, Greene County, Georgia, January 4, 1798 to George Dawson, Sr. ...


After observing the same effects with ether that were already described by Humphry Davy in 1800 with nitrous oxide, C.W. Long used ether the first time on March 30, 1842 to remove a tumor from the neck of his patient, Mr. James M. Venable. Long subsequently removed a second tumor from Venable and used ether anesthesia in amputations and childbirth. The results of these trials were published several years later (in 1848), in The Southern Medical and Surgical Journal. An original copy of his publication is held in the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet, FRS (17 December 1778 – 29 May 1829) was a British chemist and physicist. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For malignant tumors specifically, see cancer. ... The U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), operated by the U.S. federal government, is the worlds largest medical research library. ...


He was a member of the Demosthenian Literary Society while a student at the University of Georgia and shared a room with Alexander Stephens, Vice President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. Long was a cousin of the famous western character Doc Holliday. He died in Athens, Georgia. Demosthenian Hall, built in 1824, as seen on the night of the Demosthenian Literary Societys 200th Anniversary The Demosthenian Literary Society is a debating society at The University of Georgia in Athens,Georgia. ... The University of Georgia (UGA) is the largest institution of higher learning in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... This is an article about the Confederate Vice President. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... John Henry Doc Holliday (August 14, 1851 – November 8, 1887) was an American dentist, gambler, and gunfighter of the American Old West frontier who is usually remembered for his associations with Wyatt Earp and the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. ... For other uses, see Athens (disambiguation). ...


Long County, Georgia and Emory University's Crawford Long Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia are named in his honor. The Crawford W. Long Museum in downtown Jefferson, Georgia, has been in operation since 1957. Long County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Emory University is a private university located in the metropolitan area of the city of Atlanta and in western unincorporated DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... Jefferson is a city located in Jackson County, Georgia. ...


External links

  • Find-A-Grave Profile for Crawford Williamson Long

  Results from FactBites:
 
SMA: Southern Medical Association - CRAWFORD W. LONG, M.D. (605 words)
Long's medical education continued at Transylvania University in Kentucky and at the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, from which he was granted a medical degree in 1839.
Long was a sympathetic and understanding doctor and his desire to give his patients relief from the suffering of operative procedures gave him courage to perform the epochal operation which revolutionized the field of surgery and brought him immortal fame.
Long made no secret of his work: all of his surgeries were witnessed and known of by the physicians in the area.
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