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Encyclopedia > Crawford County, Ohio

Crawford County is a county located in the state of Ohio. As of 2000, the population is 46,966. Its county seat is Bucyrus6. It was named for William Crawford, a soldier killed fighting Indians in Ohio. Originally, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count (in Great Britain, an earl, though the original earldoms covered larger areas) by reason of that office. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... State nickname: The Buckeye State Other U.S. States Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Governor Bob Taft Official languages None Area 116,096 km² (34th)  - Land 106,154 km²  - Water 10,044 km² (8. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A county seat is a town which is the capital of a county. ... Bucyrus is a city located in Crawford County, Ohio. ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... This is a list of Ohio county name etymologies. ... William Crawford (1732-1782) was an American soldier who fought Indians in the French and Indian Wars and the American Revolutionary War. ...

Contents

Image File history File links Public domain map courtesy of The General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin, modified to show counties. ...


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,043 km² (403 mi²). 1,041 km² (402 mi²) of it is land and 2 km² (1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.18% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Adjacent counties

Seneca County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Huron County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Richland County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Morrow County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Marion County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Wyandot County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ...

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 46,966 people, 18,957 households, and 13,175 families residing in the county. The population density is 45/km² (117/mi²). There are 20,178 housing units at an average density of 19/km² (50/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 97.99% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. 0.77% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 18,957 households out of which 31.20% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% are married couples living together, 10.50% have a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% are non-families. 26.30% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.50% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.45 and the average family size is 2.94. Marriage is a relationship and bond, most commonly between a man and a woman, that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ...


In the county the population is spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.80 males.


The median income for a household in the county is $36,227, and the median income for a family is $43,169. Males have a median income of $33,319 versus $21,346 for females. The per capita income for the county is $17,466. 10.40% of the population and 7.80% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.70% of those under the age of 18 and 7.50% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the number of people. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Counties in Ohio do not possess home rule powers but can do only what has been expressly authorized by the Ohio General Assembly. Like eighty-six other counties (the exception is Summit), the county has the following elected officials, as provided by statute: Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... The Ohio General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Ohio. ... Summit County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ...

  • Three county commissioners (the Board of Commissioners): Control budget; approve zoning; approve annexations to cities and villages; set overall policy; oversee departments under their control
  • County auditor: Values property for taxation; issues dog, kennel, and cigarette licenses; issues licenses for retailers for sales tax purposes; inspects scales, pumps, etc., used in commerce to see that they are accurate
  • County clerk of court of common pleas: Keeps filings of lawsuits and orders of the county court of common pleas; records titles for motor vehicles
  • County coroner: Determines causes of death in certain cases; is the only person with the power to arrest the sheriff.
  • County engineer: Maintains county roads and land maps
  • Prosecuting attorney: Prosecutes felonies and is the legal advisor to all other county officials and departments
  • County recorder: Keeps all land records, including deeds, surveys, mortgages, easements, and liens
  • County treasurer: Collects taxes, invests county money, provide financial oversight to municipalities and school districts in the county
  • County sheriff: Chief law enforcement officer, polices areas without local police; runs the county jail; acts as officer of the local courts (transporting prisoners, serving subpoenas, acting as bailiff, etc.)

All of these officials are elected to four-year terms in November of even-numbered years after being nominated in partisan primary elections. One commissioner and the auditor are elected in the same year as the governor in one cycle; the other two commissioners and the other officials are elected in the same year as the president of the United States. The clerk, coroner, prosecutor, recorder, and sheriff begin their terms on the first Monday in January. The auditor's term begins on the second Monday in March. The treasurer's term begins on the first monday in September. The commissioner who is elected with the governor begins his term on January 1. Of the other two seats, one term begins on January 2 and the second on January 3. In general, zoning is the division of an area into sub-areas, called zones. ... Annexation is the legal merging of some territory into another body. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The Dog is a canine carnivorous mammal that has been domesticated for at least 14,000 years and perhaps for as long as 150,000 years based on recent evidence. ... The word kennel has several meanings in relation to dogs: The small shed in which a dog is kept; a doghouse. ... A cigarette will burn to ash on one end. ... A sales tax is a tax on consumption. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in which the party commencing the action, the plaintiff, seeks a legal remedy. ... A title is a prefix or suffix added to a persons name to signify either veneration, an official position or a professional or academic qualification. ... Death is either the cessation of life in a living organism or the state of the organism after that event. ... A road is a strip of land, smoothed or otherwise prepared to allow easier travel, connecting two or more destinations. ... Real property is a type of property differentiated from personal property. ... A felony, in many common law legal systems, is the term for a very serious crime; misdemeanors are considered to be less serious. ... Real property is a type of property differentiated from personal property. ... A deed is a legal instrument used to grant a privilege. ... Surveying is concerned with the application of mathematics and physics in obtaining accurate measurements for the determination of the position of points on the Earths surface. ... A mortgage (Law French for dead pledge) is a device used to create a lien on real estate by contract. ... An easement is the right of use over the real property of another. ... In law, lien is the broadest term for any sort of charge or encumbrance against an item of property that secures the payment of a debt or performance of some other obligation. ... A tax is an involuntary fee paid by individuals or businesses to a state, or to functional equivalents of a state, including tribes, secessionist movements or revolutionary movements. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Any citizen of Ohio and the United States who is eighteen years of age or older and lives in the county may run for commissioner, auditor, treasurer, clerk of courts, or recorder. The other offices have specific additional requirements: candidates for prosecutor must be licensed to practice law; candidates for coroner must be licensed to practice medicine for two years; candidates for engineer must be both licensed surveyors and engineers; and candidates for sheriff must have certain education and supervisory experience in law enforcement.


If a vacancy arises, it is filled by the county central committee of the political party to which the former official belonged, i.e., the Republicans appoint someone to an office held by a Republican and the Democrats to an office held by a Democrat. If an office becomes vacant before the November election in the even-numbered year midway through the term, the appointee must run in a special election for the remainder of the term. If the office becomes vacant after then, the appointment is for the remainder of the term.


The Board of County Commissioners is the combined executive and legislative branch of county government but as their control over the independently elected officials is limited, there is effectively no real executive. However, one of the members of the board is named president of the board. The commissioners receive a full-time salary, but commissioners often have full-time occupations on the side. The board also employs a clerk to record its proceedings.


The board of commissioners often create numerous subordinate departments to handle specific services. These vary from county to county; among the most common are departments for building and zoning, health, economic development, water and sewer service, and emergency management.


There is also a county educational service center (previously known as the county board of education) presided over by a board of education, typically numbering five members, elected to staggered four-year terms in non-partisan elections in odd-numbered years. The center supplies services to the individual school districts in the county and exercises some limited control over the class of school districts known as "local school districts." ("City school districts" and "exempted village school districts" are free from any oversight by the county board.) Counties also have a board of mental retardation and developmental disabilities to educate disabled children. The members of this board are appointed.


Elections are administered in each county by a four-member board of elections which consists of two Republicans and two Democrats appointed by the Ohio Secretary of State at the recommendation of each county party. The board employs a director, who must be of the opposing political party of the chairman of the board of elections, and a deputy director, who must be of the political party of the chairman of the board. The Ohio Secretary of State is responsible for overseeing the elections in the state of Ohio. ...


The county has a court of common pleas, which is the court of first instance for felonies and certain high-value civil cases. All judges in Ohio are elected to six-year terms in non-partisan elections after being nominated in partisan primaries.


See also Ohio county government. The government of Ohios counties is marked by a loose organization and a diffusion of power, the basic framework not having been changed since the Nineteenth century. ...


Municipalities

Bucyrus is a city located in Crawford County, Ohio. ... Chatfield is a village located in Crawford County, Ohio. ... Crestline is a city located in Crawford and Richland counties in Ohio. ... Galion is a city located in Crawford County, Ohio. ... New Washington is a village located in Crawford County, Ohio. ... North Robinson is a village located in Crawford County, Ohio. ... Tiro is a village located in Crawford County, Ohio. ...

External link

  • Crawford County Government's website

Regions of Ohio Flag of Ohio
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Crawford County, Ohio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1176 words)
The county is drained by the Sandusky and Olentangy Rivers.
County coroner: Determines causes of death in certain cases; is the only person with the power to arrest the sheriff.
Elections are administered in each county by a four-member board of elections which consists of two Republicans and two Democrats appointed by the Ohio Secretary of State at the recommendation of each county party.
Crawford County, Ohio - definition of Crawford County, Ohio in Encyclopedia (367 words)
Crawford County is a county located in the state of Ohio.
In the county the population is spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who are 65 years of age or older.
The median income for a household in the county is $36,227, and the median income for a family is $43,169.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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