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Encyclopedia > Crawford Castle

Crawford Castle, substantially in ruins, is located on the north bank of the River Clyde opposite Crawford, South Lanarkshire, Scotland. The main gatehouse of Harlech Castle, Wales. ... For the Metal Band, see Ruin For the Japanese drum-bass duo, see Ruins (band) Rocky landscape with ruins, by Nicolaes Berchem, ca. ... The River Clyde, looking eastwards upstream, as it passes beneath the Kingston Bridge in Central Glasgow. ... Crawford is a village in Scotland at 55°28 North, 3°39 West. ... South Lanarkshire (Siorrachd Lannraig a Deas in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council regions in Scotland, covering the southern part of the traditional county of Lanarkshire. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ...


Between the Christmas period of 1296 and the spring of 1297, William Wallace rode with John Graham and forty men to assault the Lindsay Clan's stronghold at Crawford Castle. Wallace stormed and took it from an English garrison. Events March 30 - Edward I stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then Scottish border town with much bloodshed. ... Events 8 January - Monaco gains independence. ... William Wallace Monument For other people named William Wallace, see William Wallace (disambiguation). ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid... Garrison House, built 1675, Dover, NH, USA In the military, garrison is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but now often simply using it as a home base. ...


In 1398, Robert II gave the castle and the title of Earl of Crawford to David Lindsay,[1] who had won great praise on St George‚Äôs Day, 23rd April 1390[2]for bravery in a duel with the Englishman Baron Welles on London Bridge after Welles, at a banquet in Edinburgh, and presumably after too much alcohol issued, as Champion of England, the challenge: "Let words have no place; if ye know not the Chivalry and Valiant deeds of Englishmen; appoint me a day and a place where ye list, and ye shall have experience."[3][4] Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ... Robert II (March 2, 1316 – April 19, 1390), king of Scotland, called the Steward, a title that gave the name to the House of Stewart (or Stuart). ... The title Earl of Crawford is one of the most ancient extant titles in the British Isles, having been created in the Peerage of Scotland for Sir David Lindsay in 1398. ... David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford (c. ... This article is a text about the Bridge in London. ... Edinburgh (pronounced ; Dùn Èideann () in Scottish Gaelic) is the second-largest city in Scotland and the countrys capital city. ...


What remains of Crawford Castle is on the site of the original Lindsay Tower (sometimes known as Tower Lindsay). The castle is specified in a list of monuments published by the Minister of Public Building and Works under the Ancient Monuments Consolidation and Amendment Act 1913. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland lists the site as a castle or motte and holds records for the monument in its databases under map sheet NS92SE, site number 3. The Taj Mahal, commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, as a mausoleum for his wife, Arjumand Banu Begum. ... The Ministry of Works was a department of the UK Government formed in 1943 to organise the requisitioning of property for wartime use. ... A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle. ...

Contents


National Monuments Record of Scotland Data

See Wikipedia article on the National Monuments Record of Scotland

  • Alternative Names: Tower Lindsay
  • Type of Site: Castle; Motte
  • NMRS Number: NS92SE 3

Location

  • Map Reference: NS 9542 2133
  • Parish: Crawford
  • Council: South Lanarkshire

Archeology Notes

  • The Castle of Crawford is noticed in old records as early as 1175 to 1178. It was in use as a farmhouse until nearly the end of the 18th century, but is now entirely ruinous. It was formerly surrounded by water.[5]
  • The architectural remains of Crawford Castle date from the early 17th century but it was probably rebuilt from an earlier 16th century building. The castle is mentioned variously in the 12th, 15th and 16th centuries.[6]
  • The remains of Crawford Castle are in very ruinous condition. They are situate on a large artificial mound about 5.0m high, probably the remains of a 12th century motte. Fragments of the courtyard wall, 1.3m high, are situated on the north side of the mound. The surrounding moat is 7.1m wide, but is entirely destroyed on the east. A causeway crosses it opposite the entrance on the north. Visited by OS (WDJ) 31 July 1959.[7]
  • Crawford Castle: name verified. The surviving parts of the west, south, and east walls stand up to three storyes high but they are in poor and decayed state. The silted motte ditch is up to 1.3m deep on the north and south sides. Four stone tablets bearing coats of arms, one with the date 1648, are built into the west and south walls of the Castle Crawford House. Surveyed at 1:2500 scale. Visited by OS (JRL) 16 August 1978.[8]
  • NS92SE 3 95429 21339
  • (NS 9543 2134) Tower Lindsay or Crawford Castle (In Ruins) Moat (NR) OS 6" map (1912)

Events Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (Rory OConner), last High King of Ireland, submits to Henry II as vassal of Ireland with the Treaty of Windsor Ly Cao Ton becomes ruler of Vietnam William of Tyre becomes archbishop of Tyre Massacre of Abergavenny ends with several noblemen dead at the hands... Events June 18 - Five Canterbury monks see what was possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed The Sung Document written detailing the discovery of Mu-Lan-Pi (suggested by some to be California) by Muslim sailors The Chronicle of Gervase of Canterbury written The Leaning Tower of Pisa begins to... A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle. ... Heraldry is the science and art of describing of coats-of-arms, also referred to as achievements or armorial bearings. ...

References

  • G.V. Irving & A. Murray (1864), The Upper Ward of Lanarkshire Described and Delineated, 3v, Glasgow, 81-82,106-106
  • D. MacGibbon and T. Ross (1887-1892), The Castellated and Domestic Architecture of Scotland from the Twelfth to the Eighteenth Centuries, 5v, Edinburgh, Vol. 4, 225
  • NSA (1845), The New Statistical Account of Scotland by the Ministers of the Respective Parishes under the Superintendant of a Committee of the Society for the Benefit of the Sons and Daughters of the Clergy, 15v, Edinburgh, Vol. 6 (Lanark), 331
  • C. Tabraham (1978), Norman Settlement in Upper Clydesdale: Recent Archeological Fieldwork, Trans Dumfriesshire Galloway Natural History Antiquities Society, 3rd, 53, 1977-1978, 124-125

Footnotes

  1. ^ According to the translator of the Blaeu Atlas of Scotland, 1654, the Atlas's reference to "James" Lindsay is a mistake for David Lindsay. See also Earl of Crawford, which lists David Lindsay (c. 1360-1407) as the 1st of those Earls.
  2. ^ See p. 400-409 of Ancient Ancestors with Modern Descendants, 7th Ed., by Ronald Wells.
  3. ^ See p.61 of the Blaeu Atlas.
  4. ^ See p. 700-709 of Ancient Ancestors with Modern Descendants, 7th Ed., by Ronald Wells.
  5. ^ National Monuments Record of Scotland, citing G.V. Irving & A. Murray 1864; New Statistical Account (NSA) 1845.
  6. ^ National Monuments Record of Scotland, citing D. MacGibbon & T. Ross 1899.
  7. ^ National Monuments Record of Scotland.
  8. ^ National Monuments Record of Scotland.

See also

John de Welles, 5th Baron Welles for additional details of challenge


External links

  • Pictures of Crawford Castle
  • English translation of the Latin text of the Blaeu Atlas of Scotland, 1654
  • Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) Website
  • The Council for Scottish Archeology Website

 
 

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