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Encyclopedia > Cracow
Kraków
(Flag) (Coat of Arms)
A motto is a phrase or collection of words intended to describe the motivation or intention of a sociological grouping or organization. Many countries, universities, and other institutions have mottos, as do families with coats of arms. These mottos are traditionally in Latin or Romance languages, as well as in... Motto: none
A Voivodship ( Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod. The Voivod was initially the military commander next to the ruler. The term voivodship is still used for the 16... Voivodship The Lesser Poland Voivodship or Little Poland Voivodship (in Polish województwo małopolskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in the south of Poland that contains core areas of the historical and geographical region of Lesser Poland (Malopolska). It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the... Lesser Poland
Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków
Mayor Jacek Majchrowski
This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. The article area (geometry) is more mathematical. Area is a quantity expressing the size of a region of space. Surface area refers to the summation of the areas of the exposed sides of an object. Units Units for measuring... Area 326,8 km²
In the most common sense of the word, a population is the collection of people—or organisms of a particular species—living in a given geographic area. Population is studied in a wide variety of ways and disciplines. In population dynamics, size, age and sex structure, mortality, reproductive... Population
 - city
 - urban
 - Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. However it is most frequently applied to living organisms, humans in particular. Population density is usually expressed in terms of items or organisms per unit area. Contents // 1 Definitions of population density 2 Biological population densities 3 Human... density

757,500 (2004 est.)
1,200,000
2317.93/km²
Founded
City rights
(7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there... 8th century
Years: 1254 1255 1256 - 1257 - 1258 1259 1260 Decades: 1220s 1230s 1240s - 1250s - 1260s 1270s 1280s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1257 state leaders Events La Sorbonne, the famous university in Paris, is founded Eutin in Schleswig-Holstein is given its city rights Henry III of England orders... 1257
Latitude
Longitude
50°04' N
19°57' E
A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. The area code is that part of the dialed telephone number that specifies a telephone exchange system. Telephone numbering plans assign area codes to exchanges, so that dialers may contact telephones... Area code +48 12
Car plates KR
This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. Town twinning or sister cities is a concept where towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and... Twin towns Ville de Bordeaux (New city flag) (traditional tri-crescent) (City coat of arms) City motto: Lilia sola regunt lunam undas castra leonem. ( Latin: Only the fleur-de-lis rule over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion) City proper ( commune) Région Aquitaine Département Gironde... Bordeaux, Bratislava Region (kraj) Bratislava region District (okres) Bratislava I-V Geografic coordinates 48°9 North, 17°7 East 5 Altitude 126-514 m Population 428,672 Area 367.59 km² Car registration plate BA Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia and the countrys largest city, with a... Bratislava, Curitiba is a city in Brazil, the capital of the state of Paraná. In 2001 it had a population of some 1,600,000 people. The city is on a plateau 3,120 feet above sea level. It is 65 miles west of the sea port of Paranaguá, at 25... Curitiba, The Church of La Compañía on the Plaza de Armas in Cuzco Cuzco is a city in southeastern Peru in the Huatanay Valley (Sacred Valley), of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Department of Cuzco and has a population of about 300,000, triple the... Cuzco, Edinburgh viewed from Arthurs Seat. See also this picture for a panoramic view from Holyrood Park towards Ocean Terminal. Edinburgh (pronounced ED-in-burra (SAMPA: [Ed@n%b@r@])), Dùn Éideann in Scottish Gaelic, is a major and historic city on the east coast of Scotland on the... Edinburgh, This article is about the city Fez in Morocco. For information about the hat, please see fez (clothing). Fez or Fes (Arabic فـاس, French Fès) is the third largest city in Morocco, after Casablanca and Rabat, with a population of 940,000. It is one of... Fes, Florence (Italian, Firenze) is a city in the center of Tuscany, in central Italy, on the Arno River, with a population of around 400,000, plus a suburban population in excess of 200,000. Florence is the capital of the region of Tuscany and briefly (1865-1871) the capital of... Florence, Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. Situated on the Main river, it has a population of approximately 650,000 (but about 5 million in its metropolitan area). Among English speakers... Frankfurt, Gothenburg (Swedish: Göteborg [jøːtəbɔrj]) is a city and a municipality on the western coast of Sweden, in the County of Västra Götaland. With 478,055 inhabitants in the city and 816,931 in the metropolitan area it is the second largest... Gothenburg, Innsbruck City Center Innsbruck and Nordkette from south Innsbruck (population 120,000) is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the Tyrol province. Located in the Inn valley, between tall mountains, it is a famous winter sports centre. The Olympic Winter Games were held in Innsbruck twice, first... Innsbruck, Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. As of 2003, Kiev officially had 2,642,486 inhabitants, although the large number... Kyiv, La Serena (the serene one) is the second oldest city in Chile. The city, located about 500km north of Santiago, has a population of around 100,000. It was founded on the orders of Pedro de Valivia in the 1540s in order to provide a sea link between Santiago and... La Serena, Map of Germany showing Leipzig Leipzig [ˈlaiptsɪç] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. The name is derived from the Slavic word (see Sorbian) Lipsk (settlement where the linden trees stand). It is situated at the confluence of the... Leipzig, Leuven in 2004 Leuven (Louvain in French, Löwen in German) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant, of which it is the capital. The municipality comprises the city of Leuven proper and the towns of Heverlee, Kessel-Lo, a part of Korbeek-Lo, Wilsele... Leuven, Lviv ( Львів in Ukrainian; Львов, Lvov in Russian; Lwów in Polish; Leopolis in Latin; Lemberg in German—see also cities alternative names) is a city in western Ukraine with 830,000 inhabitants (an additional 200,000 commute daily from... Lviv, This is about the Italian city of Milan. For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). Piazza della Scala Milan (Milano in the Italian language, and Milán in Milanese dialect, from Latin, Mediolanum with the meaning of in the middle of the plain) is the main city in northern Italy, and... Milan, This article is about the city in Germany. See also Nuremberg, Pennsylvania, USA. Nuremberg coat of arms Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. It is situated on the Pegnitz river and the (Rhine-)Main-Danube Canal... Nuremberg, This article is about Orléans, France; for other meanings see Orleans (disambiguation). Orleans cathedral, dedicated to the Holy Cross, built from 1278 to 1329; the Protestants pillaged it in the 1560s; the Bourbon kings restored it in the 17th century. Location within France Orléans is a... Orléans, Pécs Main Square Pécs (Croatian Pečuh, German Fünfkirchen, Slovak Päťkostolie, Turkish Peçuy) is one of the five largest cities of Hungary, located in the south-west of the country. It was known in the past by the German name Fünfkirchen; the... Pecs, In English literary history, the name Rochester refers to John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester. There is also a Rochester (radio personality), real name Eddie Anderson. Rochester is the name of many places: In Australia: Rochester, Victoria In England: Rochester, Kent Rochester, Northumberland In the United States: Rochester, Illinois Rochester... Rochester, This article is about the city in Spain. For the place in the U.S. state of Ohio see Seville, Ohio and for the automobile see Cadillac Seville. Seville (Spanish: Sevilla) is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain, crossed by the river Guadalquivir. It is the capital... Seville, The city of Solothurn is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. Contents // 1 Architecture 2 Geography 3 Sights 4 History 5 The Number 11 6 See also 7 External link Architecture The city calls itself Switzerlands largest Baroque City. The old town was built between 1530... Solothurn, Vilnius Old Town Vilnius (sometimes also Vilna in English, Belarusian Вільня, Polish Wilno, Russian Вильнюс, German Wilna, see also Cities alternative names) is the capital and largest city of Lithuania with population in excess of 540 thousand (in 2003... Vilnius, Zagreb (pronounced ZAH-greb) is the capital city of Croatia. The citys population was 779,145 in 2001, and 1,088,841 with its metropolitan area (Samobor, Velika Gorica and Zaprešić), situated on the slopes of Medvednica mountain and along the banks of the Sava river... Zagreb
Municipal Website (http://www.krakow.pl)

Cracow or Krakow ( Polish (polski, język polski) is the official language of Poland. Polish (Polski) Spoken in: Poland (38 million), also about 6 million speakers in the USA, Lithuania, Belarus, Germany, Ukraine and other countries. Region:  - Total speakers: 44 million Ranking: 27 Genetic classification: Indo-European   Balto-Slavic group... Polish: Kraków, pronounced: This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Please see its description page there. The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. Discussion about how to improve both the policy and the associated help... Image:Ltspkr.png ['krakuf], in full Royal Capital City of Kraków; Polish (polski, język polski) is the official language of Poland. Polish (Polski) Spoken in: Poland (38 million), also about 6 million speakers in the USA, Lithuania, Belarus, Germany, Ukraine and other countries. Region:  - Total speakers: 44 million Ranking: 27 Genetic classification: Indo-European   Balto-Slavic group... Polish: Królewskie Stołeczne Miasto Kraków, see also Most cities in Europe have different names in different languages. Some cities have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known different names for all major European cities. It also includes some smaller towns that are important because of their location or... Cities alternative names) is one of the oldest and largest cities of The Republic of Poland, a democratic country with a population of 38,626,349 and area of 312,685 km², is located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania... Poland, with a population of 760,000 (as of 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) Elections were held in 73 countries during 2004. See a list of elections... 2004) - agglomeration 1.2 million. This historic city is situated on the Vistula river basin Vistula ( Polish Wisła, German Weichsel) is the longest river in Poland. It is 1,047 kilometers (678 miles) long and drains about 192,000 square kilometers (74,000 sq. miles), or almost two thirds of Polands surface. The Vistula has its source in the... Vistula (Wisła) River at the foot of The Wawel Hill in Kraków Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. Wawel Cathedral This is a symbolic place... Wawel Hill in the southerly region of Lesser Poland voivodship since 1999 Little Poland or Lesser Poland (Polish Małopolska, Latin: Polonia Minor) is one of the historical regions of Poland. It is located in the south of Poland around the city of Kraków. Most of Little Poland lies within the boundaries of Lesser Poland... Little Poland (Małopolska). It is the capital of the The Lesser Poland Voivodship or Little Poland Voivodship (in Polish województwo małopolskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in the south of Poland that contains core areas of the historical and geographical region of Lesser Poland (Malopolska). It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the... Lesser Poland Voivodship (województwo małopolskie) (since For the album by Prince, see 1999 (album) 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. Years: 1996 1997 1998 - 1999 - 2000 2001 2002 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries... 1999); previously it was the capital of Kraków Voivodship (since the (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant people 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The transition from the Medieval Warm... 14th century).


Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading scientific, cultural and artistic centres of the country. It was once the national capital and is considered by many to still be the heart of Poland, due to its history of more than a thousand years. Kraków is also a major centre of local and international tourism, with more than two million visitors annually.

Contents

Modern landmarks

The old city of Kraków has a rich architecture, mostly Renaissance By topic: Architecture Dance Literature Music Painting Philosophy Science Warfare By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance -French Renaissance -German Renaissance -English Renaissance Renaissance Architecture: The cultural movement called the Renaissance (which literally means re-birth) was just that in architecture, a rebirth of the Roman traditions of design. It... Renaissance with some examples of Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. New architectural concerns for color, light and shade, sculptural values and intensity characterize the... Baroque and Gothic architecture characterizes any of the styles of European architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, in use throughout Europe during the high and late medieval period, from the 12th century onwards. It was succeeded by Renaissance architecture, a revival of Roman formulas, at varying times in Europe, beginning... Gothic. Kraków's palaces, churches and mansions display a richness of color, architectural details, Buckfast Abbey, Devon, England. The panel is about 8 metres (26 feet) across. It was designed by the monks who built the abbey Stained glass can be used for decorative purposes, such as this tabletop Non-figurative stained glass in the Montreal metro by Marcelle Ferron Stained glass is used... stained glass, The Mona Lisa is perhaps the best-known artistic painting in the Western world. Painting is the practice of applying pigment suspended in a carrier (or medium) and a binding agent (a glue) to a surface (support) such as paper, canvas or a wall. This is done by a painter... paintings, Sculptor redirects here. You may also be looking for Sculptor (constellation). Western sculpture was first perfected in Greece Sculpture is any three-dimensional form created as an artistic expression. Sculpting is the art of assembling or shaping an object. It may be of any size and of any suitable material... sculptures, and furnishings.

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Wenceslas (or Wenceslaus; Czech: Václav; German: Wenzel), styled Wenceslas I, Duke of Bohemia (b. 907, d. 935 or 929 – see death controversy below) was the son of Vratislav I, Duke of Bohemia. His father was raised in a Christian milieu through his father, Borivojs, who was a... St. Wenceslaus and Stanisław Szczepanowski (Stanislaus of Szczepanów; b. July 26, 1030; d. April 11(?), 1079) was a bishop of Kraków known mostly for having been slain by King Boleslaus the Bold. He is venerated in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Stanislaus. Life The hacking to death of... St. Stanislaus's Cathedral on Wawel Hill

Among the most notable of the city's hundreds of historic buildings are: the The Wawel Hill in Kraków Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. Wawel Cathedral This is a symbolic place... Royal Castle and Cathedral on Wawel Hill, where Jan III Sobieski Reign From May 21, 1674, until June 17, 1696 Elected On May 21, 1674 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On February 2, 1676 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Jakub Sobieski Zofia Teofillia Danił... King John III Sobieski is buried; the medieval Old Town with its beautiful square; Market Square (200 This article is about the unit of length. For other uses of metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation). The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. It is defined as the length of the path traveled by light in an absolute vacuum during a... meters on a side); dozens of old churches and museums; the (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant people 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The transition from the Medieval Warm... 14th century buildings of the Jagiellonian University Data Motto Plus ratio quam vis (Reason means more than power) Polish Uniwersytet Jagielloński Latin Universitas Jagiellonica Cracoviensis Established 1364 Location Kraków, Poland (EU) Enrolment 38 538 (September 19, 2003) Rector Professor Franciszek Ziejka Address Collegium Novum, ul. Gołębia 24 31-007... Jagiellonian University; as well as This article is about a district of Kraków. For other meanings of Kazimierz see Kazimierz (disambiguation) Kazimierz (Latin: Casimiria; Yiddish Kuzmir) is a historical district of Kraków (Poland), best known for being home to a Jewish community from the 15th century until the Second World War. Contents // 1... Kazimierz, the historical centre of Kraków's Jewish religious and social life.


The Gothic St Mary's Church stands by the market place. It was built in the 14th century, and its famous wooden altar was carbed by Wit Stwosz painted by Jan Matejko Veit Stoss or in Polish Wit Stwosz (ca. 1445-50 in Horb am Neckar - 20 September 1533 in Nuremberg) was a famous German sculptor who came to Cracow, Poland from Nuremberg in 1477. He carved a magnificent wooden altar in St Marys Church... Veit Stoss. Every hour, a trumpet call called the hejnał is sounded from the church's main tower.


Kraków hosts many annual artistic events, including some of international significance, such as the festival of Short Feature Films, Biennial of Graphics, and the Jewish Culture Festival. There are several active theaters, including:

  • The Old Theatre (Kraków) (Stary Teatr)
  • the Slowacki Theatre
  • Kraków Opera
  • Kraków Operetta

Nearby points of interest include the A salt mine is an operation involved in the extraction of salt. Areas known for their salt mines include Wieliczka, Poland and Salzkammergut, Austria. Prior to the advent of the internal combustion engine and earth moving equipment, mining salt was one of the most expensive and dangerous of operations. While... salt mine in Wieliczka (Flag) (Coat of Arms) Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada Miejska w Wieliczce Mayor Józef Duda Area 13,4 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 18 190 - 1357/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 49°59 N 20°03 E Area code +48 12... Wieliczka, the Tatras Tatra or Tatras (in Polish and Slovak Tatry, which is a word in plural) is a mountain range on the border of Poland and Slovakia, the highest part of the Carpathian Mountains. The major part and all the highest peaks of the mountains is situated in Slovakia. The highest... Tatra mountains, the historic city of The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Częstochowa. Częstochowa (pronounce: [ʧε̃stɔ:xɔva]) is a city in south Poland on the Warta River with 248,894 inhabitants (2004). Situated in the Silesian... Czestochowa, the former concentration camp at Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. Occasionally the... Auschwitz, and Ojcowski National Park.

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St. Mary's Church

Kraków contains 28 museums and art galleries, such as the National Museum (Kraków) and Czartoryski Museum (Muzeum Czartoryskich).


Kraków is a major centre of education. Today there are 18 university-level institutions with about 10,000 faculty and 110,000 students.


Notable modern artists from or living in Kraków include:

  • Ewa Demarczyk (born January 16, 1941 in Kraków, Poland) is considered one of Polands most original and creative singing talents. Her songs convey the bleak intensity of Soviet occupation, often using the poetry of avante-garde writers like Miron Bialoszewski as lyrics. Demarczyk has influenced many artists, including... Ewa Demarczyk
  • Tadeusz Kantor (b April 6, 1915 in Wielopole Skrzyńskie - December 8, 1990 in Kraków, Poland) was an Polish painter, scene designer and theatre director. Graduating from the Kraków Academy in 1939, Kantor founded the Independent Theatre during the Nazi occupation. He became a professor at Krak... Tadeusz Kantor
  • Nigel Kennedy (born December 28, 1956), now often known simply as Kennedy, is an English violinist and violist. He was a pupil at the Yehudi Menuhin School. Kennedy has done much to popularise classical music, particularly among young people. He has also performed and recorded most of the major violin... Nigel Kennedy
  • Sławomir Mrożek
  • Krzysztof Penderecki (born November 23, 1933) is a Polish composer of classical music. He was born in Dębica and after taking private composition lessons with Franciszek Skolyszewski, he studied music at Krakow University and the Krakow Academy for Music under Artur Malawski and Stanislaw Wiechowicz. After graduating in... Krzysztof Penderecki
  • Zbigniew Preisner (born May 20, 1955) is Polands leading film score composer, best known for his work for the director Krzysztof Kieślowski. Zbigniew Preisner Preisner was born in Bielsko-Biala, Poland. He studied history and philosophy at Krakow, and never received formal lessons in music, instead teaching... Zbigniew Preisner
  • The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Wisława Szymborska. A 1996 post stamp with Wisława Szymborska Wisława Szymborska (born July 2, 1923) is a Polish poet, essayist and translator of French literature, laureate of Nobel... Wisława Szymborska
  • Maciej Maleńczuk
  • Zbigniew Wodecki

Historical districts

The oldest parts of Kraków, united in late (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. Historians will sometimes specifically refer to the 18th century as 1715-1789, denoting the period of time between the death... 18th century are:

  • Old Town (Stare Miasto) - the area once contained within the city walls, now encircled by a park known as Planty
  • The Wawel Hill in Kraków Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. Wawel Cathedral This is a symbolic place... Wawel - a limestone hill south of the Old Town, the site of the Royal Castle and the cathedral
  • Stradom and This article is about a district of Kraków. For other meanings of Kazimierz see Kazimierz (disambiguation) Kazimierz (Latin: Casimiria; Yiddish Kuzmir) is a historical district of Kraków (Poland), best known for being home to a Jewish community from the 15th century until the Second World War. Contents // 1... Kazimierz - south of Wawel; the latter was once divided into Christian and Jewish quarters
  • Kleparz - north of the Old Town

Areas added in the Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. In the sense of the Common Era... 19th and (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... 20th centuries include:

  • Podgórze - built across the Vistula by the Categories: Historical stubs | Former monarchies ... Austrians in the 19th century
  • Nowa Huta (literally New Steel Mill) - is the easternmost district of Kraków. With more than 200 000 inhabitants it is one of the most populous areas of the city. Aleja Róż and 1950s architecture Contents // 1 Industry 2 History 3 Landmarks 3.1 pre-1949 3.2 post... Nowa Huta - built east of Kraków by the Communist regime after the Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... Second World War

Administrative districts

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Download high resolution version (522x800, 72 KB)(With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www.poczta-polska.pl/mw/) This work is copyrighted. The individual who uploaded this work and first used it in an article, and subsequent persons who place it into articles assert that this qualifies as... Enlarge
Adam Mickiewicz (December 24, 1798 – November 26, Polish poets and writers, considered as the greatest Polish poet, besides Zygmunt Krasiński and Juliusz Słowacki. Contents // 1 Biography 2 Works 3 Nationality 4 See also 5 Related reading: 6 External link: Biography Mickiewicz was born in the... Adam Mickiewicz monument
  1. Stare Miasto
  2. Grzegórzki
  3. Prądnik Czerwony
  4. Prądnik Biały
  5. Łobzów
  6. Bronowice
  7. Bieńczyce
  8. Zwierzyniec
  9. Dębniki
  10. Łagiewniki
  11. Swoszowice
  12. Wola Duchacka
  13. Prokocim-Bieżanów
  14. Podgórze
  15. Czyżyny
  16. Mistrzejowice
  17. Grębałów
  18. Nowa Huta (literally New Steel Mill) - is the easternmost district of Kraków. With more than 200 000 inhabitants it is one of the most populous areas of the city. Aleja Róż and 1950s architecture Contents // 1 Industry 2 History 3 Landmarks 3.1 pre-1949 3.2 post... Nowa Huta

History

Medieval

Enlarge
Plan of Cracow

The earliest known settlement on the present site of Kraków was established on Wawel hill, and dates back to the (3rd century - 4th century - 5th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events Definitive declaration of biblical canon: Council... 4th century. Legend attributes the town's establishment to the mythical ruler Krak, who built it above a cave occupied by a ravenous The term dragon, according to context, may be referring to the: European dragon, mythical creature Middle-earth dragons, from the books by J. R. R. Tolkien Swamp dragon, a fictional reptile species from Terry Pratchetts Discworld Pernese dragons, from the books by Anne McCaffrey Mahjong dragon tiles Chinese dragon... dragon.


Before the Polish state existed, Kraków was the capital of the tribe of the Vistulians, probably linked to the larger polity of Greater Moravia. Kraków's first appearance in historical records dates back to the (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there... 8th century, and notes that the prince of the Vistulians was Baptism is a water purification ritual practiced in certain religions such as Christianity, Mandaeanism, Sikhism, and some historic sects of Judaism. The word baptize derives from the Greek word βάπτειν (the infinitive; also listed as the 1st person singular present active indicative βα... baptized.


After Greater Moravia was destroyed by the Hungarians, Kraków became part of the kingdom of Bohemia is also a place in the State of United States of America: see Bohemia, New York. Bohemia (Čechy in Czech, Böhmen in German) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. With an area of 52,750 sq... Bohemia. By the end of the ( 9th century - 10th century - 11th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant people 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The beginning of the Medieval Warm... 10th century, the city was a major center of trade. Around this time, it was incorporated into the holdings of the The Piast dynasty is a line of Kings and dukes that ruled Poland from its beginnings as an independent state up to 1370. The branches of the Piasts continued to rule Polish splinter duchies in Masovia until 1526 and Silesia until 1675. Piast was the legendary ancestor of these nobles... Piast dynasty of Poland. Several brick buildings were also constructed, including a castle, Romanesque St. Michaelis Cathedral (1010-33) in Hildesheim – a World Heritage Site The name Romanesque, like many other stylistic designations, was not a term contemporary with the art it describes but an invention of modern scholarship to categorize a period. The term Romanesque attempts to link the architecture, especially... Romanesque churches, a cathedral, a basilica, and the St. Felix and Adaukt Church.


In Years: 1035 1036 1037 - 1038 - 1039 1040 1041 Decades: 1000s 1010s 1020s - 1030s - 1040s 1050s 1060s Centuries: 10th century - 11th century - 12th century 1038 state leaders Events Births Deaths Aethelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury Alhazen, Arabian mathematician August 15 - Hungary Categories: 1038 ... 1038, Kraków became the seat of the Polish government. Two hundred years later, it was almost entirely destroyed in the Tatar invasions of Europe from the east took place over the course of three centuries, from the middle ages to early modern period. The term Tatars was often confusingly applied to different peoples. Mongol-Tatar Golden Horde forces led by Batu Khan began attacking Europe in 1223, starting with Kyivan... Tatar invasions.

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This image may not have information on its source. It may be usable under fair use but this has yet to be verified. It might be public domain or under a licence compatible with the GNU FDL. To the uploader: Please provide licensing information as soon as possible. Images without... Enlarge
Saint Andrew (Greek: Andreas, manly), the Christian Apostle, brother of Saint Peter, was born at Bethsaida on the Lake of Galilee. He had been a disciple of John the Baptist (John 1:37-40) and was one of the first to follow Jesus. He lived at Capernaum (Mark 1:29... St. Andrew's Church

In Years: 1254 1255 1256 - 1257 - 1258 1259 1260 Decades: 1220s 1230s 1240s - 1250s - 1260s 1270s 1280s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1257 state leaders Events La Sorbonne, the famous university in Paris, is founded Eutin in Schleswig-Holstein is given its city rights Henry III of England orders... 1257, the city was rebuilt, in a form which has remained practically unaltered, and received city rights under The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were the laws of the Imperial Free City of Magdeburg during many centuries of the Holy Roman Empire, and possibly the most important set of Germanic medieval city laws. Among the most advanced systems of old Germanic law of the time, in the 13th... Magdeburg Law. Years: 1305 1306 1307 - 1308 - 1309 1310 1311 Decades: 1270s 1280s 1290s - 1300s - 1310s 1320s 1330s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. Emperor Hanazono ascends to the throne of Japan Beginning of reign of Hungary by Capet... 1308 saw a rebellion of German-speaking citizens in Kraków. The rebellion cost Poland the city of For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Gdańsk. Gdańsk (Flag) (Coat of Arms) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly... Gdansk ( Indo-European Indo-European languages Anatolian | Indo-Iranian | Greek | Italic Celtic | Germanic | Armenian Balto-Slavic | Tocharian | Albanian Proto-Indo-European Language | Society | Religion Kurgan | Yamna | BMAC | Aryan Indo-European studies The Germanic languages form one of the branches of the Indo-European (IE) language family, spoken by the Germanic peoples... German:Danzig), which was taken by the Teutonic Knights Castle in Malbork (Marienburg) The Teutonic Order (German: Deutscher Orden, Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum) was a crusading order of knights under Roman Catholic religious vows which was formed at the end of the 12th century in Palestine to give medical aid to pilgrims to the holy... Teutonic Orders, but German-speakers lost their political ambitions and began to Polonize.


Kraków rose to new prominence in Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Foundation of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow (Cracow) The Breton War of Succession... 1364, when Casimir the Great Casimir III or the Great (Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland , son of Władyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga. Contents // 1 Biography 1.1 The Great King 1.2 Concession to szlachta 1.3 Relationship with Polish Jews... Casimir III of Poland founded the University of Kraków, the second in Historical lands and provinces in Central Europe Central Europe is the region of Europe between Eastern Europe and Western Europe. There are no physical landmarks that would commonly be seen as its borders. Rather, it is a concept of shared history, in opposition against the East represented by the Ottoman... central Europe after the Charles University of Prague Univerzita Karlova v Praze Latin name Universitas Carolina Pragensis Motto -- Established 1347 or 1348 School type Public Rector magnificus Professor Ivan Wilhelm Location Prague, Czech Republic (EU) Enrollment ca 42,500 students (--) Staff -- (--) Member Coimbra Group, EUA, Europaeum Homepage www.cuni.cz The Charles University of... University of Prague. There had been a cathedral school under the auspices of the city's bishop since Years: 1147 1148 1149 - 1150 - 1151 1152 1153 Decades: 1120s 1130s 1140s - 1150s - 1160s 1170s 1180s Centuries: 11th century - 12th century - 13th century Events Åhus, Sweden gains city privileges City of Airdrie, Scotland founded King Sverker I of Sweden is deposed and succeeded by Eric IX of Sweden. Albrecht the... 1150. The city continued to grow under the The Republic of Lithuania (in Lithuanian, Lietuva) is a republic in Northeastern Europe. One of the three Baltic States along the Baltic Sea, it shares borders with fellow Baltic State Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast, Poland to the south, and the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia to the... Lithuanian The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. Members of the dynasty were grand dukes of Lithuania 1377-1392 and 1440-1572, kings of Poland 1386-1572, kings of Hungary 1440-1444 and 1490-1526, and kings of Bohemia... Jagiello dynasty ( Years: 1383 1384 1385 - 1386 - 1387 1388 1389 Decades: 1350s 1360s 1370s - 1380s - 1390s 1400s 1410s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Hapsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Lithuania and Poland. Dan I is succeeded as ruler of Wallachia... 1386- Years: 1569 1570 1571 - 1572 - 1573 1574 1575 Decades: 1540s 1550s 1560s - 1570s - 1580s 1590s 1600s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century 1572 in literature 1572 in science Events January 16 - The Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism... 1572), which maintained close connections to the imperial house of Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. Their principal roles were as: Holy Roman Emperors (several centuries to 1806), and rulers of Austria (as dukes 1282– 1453, archdukes 1453– 1804, and emperors 1804– 1918), Kings... Habsburg of the History of Germany Timeline Franks Holy Roman Empire German Confederation German Empire Weimar Republic Nazi Germany World War II Since 1945 The Holy Roman Empire ( German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) ( Italian: Sacro Romano Impero) ( Latin: Sacrum Romanum Imperium) ( Czech: Svatá říše římská... Holy Roman Empire. As the capital of a powerful state, it became a flourishing center of science and the arts. Many works of Renaissance art and architecture were created here during that time.


In Years: 1472 1473 1474 - 1475 - 1476 1477 1478 Decades: 1440s 1450s 1460s - 1470s - 1480s 1490s 1500s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events August 29 - Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between France and England. First book printed in English, by William Caxton in Bruges. Births February 25... 1475 delegates of the elector George the Rich of With an area of 70,553 km² and 12.4 million inhabitants, the Free State of Bavaria ( German Bayern or Freistaat Bayern) forms the southernmost of the 16 Bundesländer of Germany. Its capital is Munich. Contents // 1 Geography 2 Politics 3 Administration 4 Dialects 5 History 6... Bavaria came to Kraków to negotiate the marriage of Hedwig, the daughter of King Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Władyslaw II Jagiełło Zofia Holszańska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka Children with Elżbieta... Casimir IV The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. Members of the dynasty were grand dukes of Lithuania 1377-1392 and 1440-1572, kings of Poland 1386-1572, kings of Hungary 1440-1444 and 1490-1526, and kings of Bohemia... Jagiello to George the Rich. Hedwig traveled for two months to Map of Germany showing Landshut Coat of Arms of Landshut Landshut is a city in Bavaria, Germany, the capital of the Niederbayern region. It is located at the Isar river. Population 60.156 (2003), geographical location 48° 31 North, 12° 9 East. External links http://www.landshut.de - Official website... Landshut in Bavaria, where an elaborate marriage celebration, the Landshut Wedding (Landshuter Hochzeit) took place.


Renaissance

Enlarge
A monument is a structure built for commemorative or symbolic reasons rather than for any overtly functional use. The Broken Ring -- a monument to the breach of the Blockade of Leningrad Monuments are usually created for the dual function of commemorating and important event or person while also creating an... Monument to Nicolaus Copernicus (in Latin; Polish Mikołaj Kopernik, German Nikolaus Kopernikus - February 19, 1473 – May 24, 1543) was a Polish astronomer, mathematician and economist who developed a heliocentric (Sun-centered) theory of the solar system in a form detailed enough to make it scientifically useful. He was also... Copernicus at the old A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. A university provides both tertiary and quaternary education. University is derived from the Latin universitas, meaning corporation since the first medieval European universities were simply groups of scholars. Contents // 1 History 2 Colloquial usage 3... university in This article is about the city in Poland. There is also Krakow, Wisconsin in the United States of America. This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Kraków (Flag) (Coat of Arms) Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada... Krakow

In Years: 1485 1486 1487 - 1488 - 1489 1490 1491 Decades: 1450s 1460s 1470s - 1480s - 1490s 1500s 1510s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 1 See also Events February 3 - Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, at the... 1488 the imperial A Poet Laureate is a poet officially appointed by a government and often expected to compose poems for state occasions and other government events. In the United Kingdom, it has over the centuries come to be the title of the official poet of the British monarch, appointed for life since... Poet Laureate and Humanism is a system of thought that defines a socio-political doctrine (-ism) whose bounds exceed those of locally developed cultures, to include all of humanity and all issues common to human beings. Because doctrines of cultural distinction and exclusivity are often phrased in terms of religion, secular humanism grew... humanist Conrad Celtes (1459-1508) was a German Humanist scholar. Born at Wipfeld in Lower Franconia, Celtes pursued his studies at Cologne and Heidelberg. While at Heidelberg, he received instruction from Dalberg and Agricola. For some time he delivered humanist lectures during his travels to Erfurt, Rostock and Leipzig. His first... Conrad Celtes founded the Sodalitas Litterarum Vistulana, a learned society based on the Roman Acadiemies. In Years: 1486 1487 1488 - 1489 - 1490 1491 1492 Decades: 1450s 1460s 1470s - 1480s - 1490s 1500s 1510s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events March 14 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. November 29 - Arthur Tudor is named Prince of Wales. December 11 - Jeannetto de... 1489 Wit Stwosz painted by Jan Matejko Veit Stoss or in Polish Wit Stwosz (ca. 1445-50 in Horb am Neckar - 20 September 1533 in Nuremberg) was a famous German sculptor who came to Cracow, Poland from Nuremberg in 1477. He carved a magnificent wooden altar in St Marys Church... Veit Stoss of This article is about the city in Germany. See also Nuremberg, Pennsylvania, USA. Nuremberg coat of arms Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. It is situated on the Pegnitz river and the (Rhine-)Main-Danube Canal... Nuremberg finished his work on the Great Altar of the Church of St. Mary. He later also wrought a marble sarcophagus for Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Władyslaw II Jagiełło Zofia Holszańska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka Children with Elżbieta... Casimir IV. Numerous other artists, mainly from This article is about the city in Germany. See also Nuremberg, Pennsylvania, USA. Nuremberg coat of arms Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. It is situated on the Pegnitz river and the (Rhine-)Main-Danube Canal... Nuremberg, worked in Kraków. By Years: 1497 1498 1499 - 1500 - 1501 1502 1503 Decades: 1470s 1480s 1490s - 1500s - 1510s 1520s 1530s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 References Events Europes population was ~60 million. (Spielvogel) January 5 - Duke Ludovico Sforza recaptures Milan, but is soon... 1500, Haller had established a The printing press is a mechanical device for printing many copies of a text on rectangular sheets of paper. First invented in China in 1041, the printing press as we know it today was invented in the West by a German goldsmith and eventual printer, Johann Gutenberg in the 1450s... printing press in the city.


In Years: 1517 1518 1519 - 1520 - 1521 1522 1523 Decades: 1490s 1500s 1510s - 1520s - 1530s 1540s 1550s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century Events January 18 - King Norway defeats the Swedes at Lake Asunde. June - Moctezuma II, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan is declared deposed due to his captivity by conquistador... 1520, Johan Behem made the largest churchbell in Poland, named the Categories: Poland-related stubs | Kraków ... Sigismund Bell after king Zygmunt I Stary Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina... Sigismund I. At the same time Hans Dürer, younger brother of Albrecht Dürer, was Sigismund's court painter. Artist Hans von Kulmbach (originally Hans Suess of Kulmbach, Franconia) was born about 1480 and died in 1528 in Nuremberg. Hans von Kulmbach was the artist who created the Krakow St. Johns Altar (inscription: Johannes Suess civis norimbergensis). He received instruction by Jacopo de Barbiri, who for a time worked... Hans von Kulmbach made the altar for the Johannis Church.


Decline

In Years: 1569 1570 1571 - 1572 - 1573 1574 1575 Decades: 1540s 1550s 1560s - 1570s - 1580s 1590s 1600s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century 1572 in literature 1572 in science Events January 16 - The Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism... 1572, the king Zygmunt II August Reign From April 1, 1548 until July 6, 1572 Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Zygmunt I Stary Bona Sforza Consorts Elżbieta Habsburzanka Barbara Radziwiłł Katarzyna Austriaczka Barbara Giżycka Children with... Sigismund II died childless, and the throne passed to Zygmunt III Waza Sigismund Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel... Sigismund III of the The Kingdom of Sweden ( Swedish: Konungariket Sverige  listen?) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe. It is bordered by Norway on the west, Finland on the northeast, the Skagerrak Strait and the Kattegat Strait on the southwest, and the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia on... Swedish The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). Kings and Queens of Sweden Gustav I (1523-1560) Eric XIV (1560-1568) John III (1568-1592) Sigismund I (1592-1599) Charles IX (1599-1611) Gustav II Adolph... House of Vasa. Kraków's importance began to decline, accelerated by the pillaging of the city during the Swedish invasion, and an outbreak of plague that left 20,000 of the city's residents dead. Sigismund III moved his capital to Warsaw ( Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. It is located on the Vistula river roughly 350 km from both the Baltic Sea coast and the Carpathian Mountains. Its... Warsaw in Years: 1593 1594 1595 - 1596 - 1597 1598 1599 Decades: 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century 1596 state leaders Events April 9 - Spanish troops capture Calais July 14 - King Dominicus (Domingos) Corea was behaded by the Portugese in Colombo Ceylon September 17 - The... 1596.


After the partition of Poland

In the late (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. Historians will sometimes specifically refer to the 18th century as 1715-1789, denoting the period of time between the death... 18th century, the weakened Polish state was absorbed by its more politically vigorous neighbors, History of Russia Early East Slavs Khazars Kievan Rus Volga Bulgaria Mongol invasion Golden Horde Muscovy Khanate of Kazan Khanate of Astrakhan Siberia Khanate Crimean Khanate Imperial Russia Revolution of 1905 Revolution of 1917 Civil War Soviet Union Russian Federation Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period... Russia, The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The state is a representative democracy... Austria, and This article is part of the series Politics of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia Prime Minister of Prussia German General Staff Prussian Minister of War Foreign Minister of Prussia The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in... Prussia. Kraków became part of the Austrian province of The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, or simply Galicia, was the largest and northernmost province of Austria from 1772 until 1918, with Lemberg (Lwów, Lviv) as its capital city. It was created from the territories taken from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the partitions of Poland and... Galicia. The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Tadeusz Kościuszko. For things named to honor Tadeusz Kościuszko, see: Kościuszko (disambiguation). Tadeusz Kościuszko Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko (pronounced: [tadeuʃ koɕ... Tadeusz Kościuszko initiated a revolt, the Kościuszko insurrection, in Kraków's market in Years: 1791 1792 1793 - 1794 - 1795 1796 1797 Decades: 1760s 1770s 1780s - 1790s - 1800s 1810s 1820s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1794 in art 1794 in literature 1794 in music 1794 in rail transport 1794 in science List of state leaders in 1794 List of religious leaders in... 1794. The Prussian army put down the revolt, and looted Polish royal treasure kept in the city.


When Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des... Napoleon Bonaparte of the History of France Chronological Gaul Franks Middle Ages Ancien Régime French Revolution First Empire Nineteenth century Third Republic Vichy France Modern France Topical Economic history Military history Social history Timeline The First French Empire, commonly known as the French Empire, the Napoleonic Empire or simply as The Empire, covers... French Empire captured what had once been Poland, he established the Księstwo Warszawskie (Coat of Arms) Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 158,000 km² Population about 3 million Existed 1807 - 1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: Księstwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae... Duchy of Warsaw ( Years: 1806 1807 1808 - 1809 - 1810 1811 1812 Decades: 1770s 1780s 1790s - 1800s - 1810s 1820s 1830s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1809 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - South Africa - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders 1809 was a... 1809) as an independent but subordinate state. The The Congress of Vienna (October 1, 1814 - June 9, 1815) was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria. Its purpose was to redraw the continents political map after the defeat... Congress of Vienna ( 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). Contents // 1 Events 2 Ongoing events 3 Births 4 Deaths Events January 3 - Austria, Britain, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia. January 4 - Netherlands, Foundation of the first dutch student association, the... 1815) restored the partition of Poland, but gave Kraków its independence, as the Free City of Kraków. The city again became the focus of a struggle for national sovereignty in Years: 1843 1844 1845 - 1846 - 1847 1848 1849 Decades: 1810s 1820s 1830s - 1840s - 1850s 1860s 1870s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1846 in art 1846 in literature 1846 in rail transport 1846 in science 1846 in music 1846 in sports List of state leaders in 1846 List of... 1846, during the Kraków Uprising. The uprising failed to spread outside the city to other Polish-inhabited lands, and was put down, resulting in Kraków's annexation by The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The state is a representative democracy... Austria.


After the The Austro-Prussian War (also called the Seven Weeks War) was a war fought between Austria and Prussia in 1866 that resulted in Prussian dominance in Germany. In Germany and Austria it is called Deutsch-Deutscher Krieg or Bruderkrieg (war of brothers) Contents // 1 Causes 2 Alliances 3 Course of... Austro-Prussian War of 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. Years: 1863 1864 1865 - 1866 - 1867 1868 1869 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1866 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial... 1866, Austria granted autonomy to The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, or simply Galicia, was the largest and northernmost province of Austria from 1772 until 1918, with Lemberg (Lwów, Lviv) as its capital city. It was created from the territories taken from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the partitions of Poland and... Galicia, making Polish a language of government and establishing a provincial diet. As this form of Austrian rule was more benevolent than that exercised by The Russian Federation ( Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches... Russia and The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prusai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia... Prussia, Kraków became a Polish national symbol and a center of culture and art. Famous painters, poets and writers of this period include Categories: Stub | Polish painters | 1838 births | 1893 deaths ... Jan Matejko, The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz. Categories: Literature stubs | 1885 births | 1939 deaths | Polish painters | Polish writers | Suicides ... Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Jan Kasprowicz, Juliusz Kossak, Wojciech Kossak, self-portrait. Wojciech Kossak ( Paris, France, December 31, 1857 – July 29, 1942 in Kraków, Poland) was a Polish painter, a member of the famous Kossak family of painters. He is best known for works depicting the traditions of the Polish Army, as well as notable... Wojciech Kossak The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Stanisław Wyspiański. Categories: People stubs | 1869 births | 1907 deaths | Polish painters | Polish writers ... Stanisław Wyspiański, and Stanisław Przybyszewski. The latter two were leaders of Polish modernism.


20th century

During the Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... First World War, Kraków Legions led by Józef Piłsudski Term of Office from November 14, 1918 until December 9, 1922 Profession Statesman and military commander Political Party none, see Sanacja for details First Lady Maria Piłsudska Date of Birth December 5, 1867 Place of Birth Zułów, in today... Jozef Pilsudski set out to fight for the liberation of Poland, in alliance with Austrian and German troops. The Austrians and Germans lost the war, but the terms of the Woodrow Wilson with the American Peace Commissioners The Treaty of Versailles of 1919 is the peace treaty created as a result of the six-month-long Paris Peace Conference of 1919 which put an official end to World War I. The ceremonial signing of the treaty with Germany occurred June... Treaty of Versailles ( 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 January 1.2 February-April 1.3 May-June 1.4 July-November 1.5 December 1.6 Unknown dates 2 Births 2.1 January-April 2.2 May-December 3 Deaths 4... 1919) established the first sovereign Polish state in over a century.


Poland was partitioned again in 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 January-June 1.2 July-September 1.3 October-November 1.4 December 1.5 unknown dates 1.6 Ongoing events 2 Year in topic 3 Births 3.1 January-February... 1939, at the outset of the Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... Second World War, and History of Germany series Franks Holy Roman Empire German Confederation German Empire Weimar Republic Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (WWII) Germany since 1945 Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist... Nazi German forces entered Kraków in September of that year. It became the capital of the The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. The term is also applied, though... General Government, a colonial authority under the leadership of Hans Frank (right) hosts Heinrich Himmler during a visit to Kraków in 1940. Dr. Hans Frank (May 23, 1900 — October 16, 1946) was a senior Nazi official in Nazi Germany and Governor-General of General Government during World War II. Frank was born in Karlsruhe and joined the... Hans Frank. The occupation took a heavy toll, particularly on the city's cultural heritage. On one occasion, over 150 professors and other academics of the Jagiellonian University Data Motto Plus ratio quam vis (Reason means more than power) Polish Uniwersytet Jagielloński Latin Universitas Jagiellonica Cracoviensis Established 1364 Location Kraków, Poland (EU) Enrolment 38 538 (September 19, 2003) Rector Professor Franciszek Ziejka Address Collegium Novum, ul. Gołębia 24 31-007... Jagiellonian University were summoned to a meeting, arrested and dispatched to the A concentration camp is a large detention centre created for political opponents, aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war. The term refers to situations where the internees are persons selected for their conformance to broad criteria... concentration camp at Sachsenhausen may refer to a quarter of Oranienburg in Germany, see Sachsenhausen (Oranienburg), and a detention facility here a quarter of Frankfurt am Main in Germany, see Sachsenhausen (Frankfurt am Main) a municipality of Weimarer Land, see Sachsenhausen (Thüringen) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... Sachsenhausen (see also Rector of the Jagiellonian University, Tadeusz Lehr-Spławiński Sonderaktion Krakau - is the codename for a German action against scientists from the University of Kraków and other Kraków universities at the beginning of World War II. It was carried out as a part of the... Sonderaktion Krakau). Many relics and monuments of national culture were destroyed or looted. Major concentration camps near Kraków included The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp. Płaszów was a concentration camp near Kraków. It is also featured in the movie Schindlers List about the life of Oskar... Plaszow and Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. Occasionally the... Auschwitz.


Thanks to a manoeuvre by advancing Soviet Russia is sometimes used as a somewhat sloppy synonym to the Soviet Union — although the term Soviet Russia sometimes refers to Bolshevist Russia from the October Revolution in 1917 to 1922 (Although Russian communists officially formed RSFSR in 1918). During this short period it also included parts of... Soviet forces, Kraków escaped complete destruction during and some historic buildings and works of art were saved. After the conclusion of the war, however, the government of the People's Republic of Poland ordered the construction of the country's largest Steel mills are the industrial plants where pig iron is converted into steel. Steel is an alloy of iron produced through iron ore, coke, limestone being cooked in a blast furnace. Steel mills also remove impurities such as excess carbon to produce a strong steel. Steel mills also turn molten... steel mill in the suburb of Nowa Huta (literally New Steel Mill) - is the easternmost district of Kraków. With more than 200 000 inhabitants it is one of the most populous areas of the city. Aleja Róż and 1950s architecture Contents // 1 Industry 2 History 3 Landmarks 3.1 pre-1949 3.2 post... Nowa Huta. This is regarded as an attempt to diminish the influence of Kraków's intellectual and artistic circles by attracting the working class.


Kraków's population has quadrupled since the end of the war, and it is still regarded as the cultural capital of Poland. In Years: 1975 1976 1977 - 1978 - 1979 1980 1981 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1978 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1978, UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. The Organization’s main objective is to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among the nations through education, science and culture... UNESCO placed Kraków on the list of Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain range, lake, desert, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated for the international World Heritage... World Heritage Sites.


Politics

Kraków constituency

Members of Parliament ( The Sejm building in Warsaw. Sejm or Seym (pronounced: [sεjm]) is the name of the lower house of the Polish parliament. Before the 20th century the term Sejm/Seym, or Diet, referred to the three-chamber Polish parliament, which consisted of the lower house (Izba Poselska), the upper... Sejm) elected from Kraków constituency

(With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www.poczta-polska.pl/mw/) This work is copyrighted. The individual who uploaded this work and first used it in an article, and subsequent persons who place it into articles assert that this qualifies as fair use of the material under United...
(With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www.poczta-polska.pl/mw/) This work is copyrighted. The individual who uploaded this work and first used it in an article, and subsequent persons who place it into articles assert that this qualifies as fair use of the material under United... Enlarge
Barbican (from mediæval Latin barbecana) - a fortified outpost or gateway, such as an outer defence to a city or castle and any tower situated over a gate or bridge which was used for defence purposes. Usually barbicans were situated outside of the main line of defences and connected to... Barbican in Kraków
  • Kazimierz Chrzanowski , SLD-UP
  • Bronisław Cieślak , SLD-UP
  • Anna Filek , SLD-UP
  • Jerzy Hausner, SLD-UP
  • Bogdan Klich, PO
  • Marek Kotlinowski , LPR
  • Jan Orkisz , SLD-UP
  • Stanisław Papież , LPR
  • Bogdan Pęk , PSL
  • Jan Maria Władysław Rokita (born June 18, 1959 in Cracow) is a Polish conservative-liberal politician, a member of Sejm, the lower chamber of the Polish parliament, and chairman of the parliamentery caucus of Platforma Obywatelska (Citizens Platform). Rokita graduated from the Uniwersytet Jagielloński... Jan Rokita, Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska) is a Polish conservative-liberal political party, modelled after the two main American parties. It is the first (and as of 2001 the only) Polish party which has chosen candidates for Parliament using a pre-election process. Contents // 1 Founders 2 Political program 3 Leaders 4... PO
  • Tomasz Szczypiński , PO
  • Zbigniew Wasserman (born 17 September 1949, Kraków) is a Polish politician, MP, representing Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość). He is a graduate in law from Jagiellonian University (Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Wydział Prawa) and member of Sejm, lower house of Polish parliament, elected in Krakow... Zbigniew Wassermann , PiS
  • Kazimierz Wójcik , Samoobrona
  • Zbigniew Ziobro , PiS

Education

For a list of universities in Kraków see: Education in Kraków

Kraków is home to several major state A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. A university provides both tertiary and quaternary education. University is derived from the Latin universitas, meaning corporation since the first medieval European universities were simply groups of scholars. Contents // 1 History 2 Colloquial usage 3... universities and several dozen other schools of higher education. It is also home to Jagiellonian University Data Motto Plus ratio quam vis (Reason means more than power) Polish Uniwersytet Jagielloński Latin Universitas Jagiellonica Cracoviensis Established 1364 Location Kraków, Poland (EU) Enrolment 38 538 (September 19, 2003) Rector Professor Franciszek Ziejka Address Collegium Novum, ul. Gołębia 24 31-007... Jagiellonian University, the first Polish university and one of the oldest and most prominent universities in Historical lands and provinces in Central Europe Central Europe is the region of Europe between Eastern Europe and Western Europe. There are no physical landmarks that would commonly be seen as its borders. Rather, it is a concept of shared history, in opposition against the East represented by the Ottoman... Central Europe. Apart from the local population, the schools of Kraków provide education for inhabitants of the region of Southern Poland.


Among the most notable schools in Kraków are:

  • Jagiellonian University Data Motto Plus ratio quam vis (Reason means more than power) Polish Uniwersytet Jagielloński Latin Universitas Jagiellonica Cracoviensis Established 1364 Location Kraków, Poland (EU) Enrolment 38 538 (September 19, 2003) Rector Professor Franciszek Ziejka Address Collegium Novum, ul. Gołębia 24 31-007... Jagiellonian University
  • AGH University of Science and Technology Data Polish Akademia Górniczo - Hutnicza English AGH University of Science and Technology Established 1919 Location Kraków, Poland (EU) Enrolment 30 000 (2004) Rector Professor Ryszard Tadeusiewicz Address Al. Mickiewicza 30 30-059Kraków Poland E-mail rektorat@uci.agh.edu.pl Homepage... AGH University of Science and Technology [1] (http://www.agh.edu.pl/)
  • Akademia Muzyczna w Krakowie [2] (http://www.amuz.krakow.pl/)
  • Akademia Pedagogiczna w Krakowie [3] (http://www.wsp.krakow.pl/)
  • Akademia Rolnicza w Krakowie [4] (http://www.ar.krakow.pl/)
  • Akademia Sztuk Pieknych [5] (http://www.cyf-kr.edu.pl/KRAKOW/AA/)
  • Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Teatralna w Krakowie [6] (http://www.cyf-kr.edu.pl/KRAKOW/UM/PWST/)
  • Papieska Akademia Teologiczna [7] (http://www.pat.krakow.pl/)
  • Politechnika Krakowska [8] (http://www.pk.edu.pl/)
  • Academy of Economics [9] (http://www.ae.krakow.pl/)

Culture

Main article: Culture of Kraków


Kraków is considered by many to be Poland’s capital of culture. The city boasts one of the best museums in the country and some famous theaters. It counts two Nobel Prize winners in literature among its residents ( The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Wisława Szymborska. A 1996 post stamp with Wisława Szymborska Wisława Szymborska (born July 2, 1923) is a Polish poet, essayist and translator of French literature, laureate of Nobel... Wisława Szymborska and Czesław Miłosz in September 1999 Czesław Miłosz (pronounced [ʧεsȗav miȗɔʃ]; June 30, 1911–August 14, 2004) was a Polish poet and essayist. Czesław Miłosz won the Nobel Prize in Literature... Czesław Miłosz). It is also home to one of the world’s oldest and most distinguished Jagiellonian University Data Motto Plus ratio quam vis (Reason means more than power) Polish Uniwersytet Jagielloński Latin Universitas Jagiellonica Cracoviensis Established 1364 Location Kraków, Poland (EU) Enrolment 38 538 (September 19, 2003) Rector Professor Franciszek Ziejka Address Collegium Novum, ul. Gołębia 24 31-007... universities. Kraków was named a European City of Culture in 2000.


Kraków by Night

There is no shortage of places to drink, eat, and stay merry late into the night in Kraków. Notably, the huge central Grand Square in the heart of the historic Old Town district and its environs look like they never sleep. Recently trendy new hangouts are launched also in the nearby Kazimierz quarter almost by the month.


Notable Kraków Restaurants:


Wierzynek restaurant- The oldest Polish restaurant( Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Foundation of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow (Cracow) The Breton War of Succession... 1364)


Wentzl restaurant


Hawełłka restaurant


Kraków Night Clubs:


Kraków boasts a lively club scene. The party goes on week long, but–no doubts about it–the Friday and Saturday nights tend to be the hottest. As elsewhere, on weekends Kraków's young professionals, expats, and students mingle happily in crowds that pack bars, discotheques, and restaurants in vogue at the moment. Loyal patrons happen, but most club-goers wander from place to place. Local clubs are not large, few can seat more than 100.

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This image may not have information on its source. It may be usable under fair use but this has yet to be verified. It might be public domain or under a licence compatible with the GNU FDL. To the uploader: Please provide licensing information as soon as possible. Images without... Enlarge
Wianki 2004

Recorded music is the staple, with live performances two or three nights a week. Some Kraków DJs attained local fame, while club celebrities from other parts of Poland and from abroad spin occasionally in the city. Kraków's myriad live entertainment venues cater to all tastes and generations. Sure thing, those in their twenties to thirty-something are best served since most places offer contemporary club music. On the other hand, jazz seems surprisingly popular. There are also hangouts for the fans of rock, modern pop, ballads, etc. The roots music, inspired by varied traditions of this part of Europe, has a niche of its own. Seniors, too, have their places of choice to enjoy themselves with immortal evergreens.


Sports

Wisla Krakow, Polish football team This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. It is believed that logos may be exhibited on Wikipedia under the fair use provision of United States copyright law. Use of the logo here does not imply endorsement of the organization by Wikipedia or the Wikimedia... Wisła Kraków 1906, Polish football team

  • Wisła Kraków Full name Wisła Kraków SSA Nickname Wisła, Wisełka Founded 1906 Ground Wisła Stadium Capacity 10,000 (upgrading to 30,000) Chairman Tadeusz Czerwiński Manager Henryk Kasperczak League Polish First league 2003-04 Polish First... Wisła Kraków - football team (Polish Champion Years: 1924 1925 1926 - 1927 - 1928 1929 1930 Decades: 1890s 1900s 1910s - 1920s - 1930s 1940s 1950s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1927 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1927, 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 January-May 1.2 June-September 1.3 October-December 1.4 Unknown dates 2 Year in topic 3 Births 3.1 January 3.2 February 3.3 March-April 3... 1928, 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. Years: 1946 1947 1948 - 1949 - 1950 1951 1952 Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1949 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics... 1949, Years: 1947 1948 1949 - 1950 - 1951 1952 1953 Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1950 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1950, Years: 1975 1976 1977 - 1978 - 1979 1980 1981 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1978 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1978, For the album by Prince, see 1999 (album) 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. Years: 1996 1997 1998 - 1999 - 2000 2001 2002 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries... 1999, 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. By strict interpretation of the Gregorian Calendar, 2001 is also the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millenium. Popular culture, however, often views the year 2000 as holding this distinction. 2001 is also the year... 2001, 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Years: 2000 2001 2002 - 2003 - 2004 2005 2006 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century News by month: Jan... 2003, 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) Elections were held in 73 countries during 2004. See a list of elections... 2004, Polish Cup The Polish Cup in football (official Polish title: Puchar Polski) is an annually held elimination tournament for Polish football clubs and is the second most important national title in Polish football after the 1st league (or Ekstraklasa) title. Each football club which participates in the Polish football league... Polish Cup winner: Years: 1923 1924 1925 - 1926 - 1927 1928 1929 Decades: 1890s 1900s 1910s - 1920s - 1930s 1940s 1950s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1926 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music - Television Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science Other topics Canada - Ireland - South Africa - Sport Lists of leaders... 1926, 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). Contents // 1 Events 1.1 January 1.2 February 1.3 March 1.4 April 1.5 May 1.6 June 1.7 July 1.8 August 1.9 September 1.10 October 1... 1967, 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated: International Year of Ecotourism and Mountains National Science Year in the United Kingdom Autism Awareness Year in the United Kingdom Years: 1999 2000 2001 - 2002 - 2003 2004 2005 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s... 2002 and 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Years: 2000 2001 2002 - 2003 - 2004 2005 2006 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century News by month: Jan... 2003; The Polish Super Cup in football (official Polish title: Superpuchar Polski) is an annually held match between the Polish Champion (Polish 1st league winner) and Polish Cup winner. 1983 Gdańsk Lechia Gdańsk - Lech Poznań 1:0 1987 Białystok Śląsk Wroc... Polish SuperCup winner: 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. By strict interpretation of the Gregorian Calendar, 2001 is also the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millenium. Popular culture, however, often views the year 2000 as holding this distinction. 2001 is also the year... 2001)
  • Cracovia Kraków - the oldest still existing Polish football team (est. 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). Contents // 1 Events 2 Unknown dates 3 Births 4 Deaths 5 Nobel Prizes Events January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15... 1906) (1st league since 2004)
  • Hutnik Kraków - - football team (3rd league)
  • Wawel Kraków - - football team
  • Garbarnia Kraków- - football team
  • TS Wisla Can-Pack Kraków is a Polish women basketball team, based in Cracow, playing in Sharp Torell Basket Liga. Contents // Categories: Polish basketball clubs | Basketball stubs | Kraków ... TS Wisła Can-Pack Kraków - women basketball team, 5th place in Torell Basket Liga (TBL), previously Sharp Torell Basket Liga (STBL) or Polish Women Basketball League (=Polska Liga Koszykówki Lobiet, PLKK) is the highest level league of women basketball in Poland Contents // 1 2004 Championship 2 Season 2003/2004 league table 3 Season 2004/2005 Teams 4 See also: 2004... Sharp Torell Basket Liga in 2003/2004 season

Sons and daughters of the city

  • Ludwig Gumplowicz, Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. It concerns itself with the social rules and processes that bind and separate people not only as individuals, but as members of associations, groups, and institutions. Sociology is interested in our behavior as social beings; thus the... sociologist, born Years: 1835 1836 1837 - 1838 - 1839 1840 1841 Decades: 1800s 1810s 1820s - 1830s - 1840s 1850s 1860s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1838 in art 1838 in literature 1838 in rail transport 1838 in science 1838 in music 1838 in sports List of state leaders in 1838 List of... 1838

See also:

This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons. Please see its description page there. File links The following pages link to this file: Abu Dhabi Abraham Lincoln Australia Adolf Hitler Andorra Anatomy Asia Albert Einstein Asterales Automobile Aircraft Alexander Graham Bell Apple Computer American Civil War Ancient Egypt Asteraceae Alps...
The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free images, sound and other multimedia files. It is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. Files uploaded to this repository can be used as local files by other projects on the Wikimedia servers, including Wikipedia, Wikibooks and Wikinews... Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
Kraków
  • John Paul II International Airport Międzynarodowy Port Lotniczy im. Jana Pawła II Kraków-Balice IATA code KRK ICAO code EPKK Location near Krakow, Poland Altitude 241 m Statistics - 2004 (comp. to 2003) Passengers 841,123 (+41,8%) Cargo 2,304 t (+11,3%) Aircraft movements... John Paul II International Airport
  • The people of Poland took pride in their long history, filled with the struggle to get, keep, and regain freedom—the main value for Poles. Poles founded one of the first parliamentary systems in the world, invented the idea that pagans share the same human rights as Christians, and... History of Poland
  • Royal coronations in Poland: This is a list of royal coronations in Poland. Contents // 1 Coronations in Gniezno cathedral 2 Coronations in Poznan cathedral 3 Coronations in St. John Cathedral in Warsaw 4 Coronations in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków 5 Queens not crowned 6 Further reading 7 See also... Royal coronations in Cracow cathedral
  • Poland was ruled by dukes (c.962–1025, 1032–1076, 1079–1295, 1296–1300 and 1306–1320) and kings (1025–1032, 1076–1079, 1295–1296, 1300–1305 and 1320–1795). The best-known dynasties are the Piast (c.962–... List of Polish rulers
  • Bishops of Kraków
  • Kraków Department (Polish: Departament Kraków): a unit of administrative division and local government in The Republic of Poland, a democratic country with a population of 38,626,349 and area of 312,685 km², is located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania... Polish Księstwo Warszawskie (Coat of Arms) Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 158,000 km² Population about 3 million Existed 1807 - 1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: Księstwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae... Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806-1815.

External links

  • Magical Kraków - city's official website (http://www.krakow.pl/en/)
  • Kraków 2000 - official information on cultural events (http://www.krakow2000.pl/pk2001/en/index.html)
  • Cracow Life (http://www.cracow-life.com)
  • Cracow on Wikitravel (http://wikitravel.org/en/article/Krakow)
  • Cracow Online (http://www.cracowonline.com)
  • Go-Cracow (http://www.go-cracow.com)


 
The Republic of Poland, a democratic country with a population of 38,626,349 and area of 312,685 km², is located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania... Poland
Large flag of Poland Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. For a complete list of Wikipedia flags, see List of flags. This image is a...
A voivodship (in Polish województwo) is a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland since the 14th century. As a result of Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998, 16 new voivodships were created (effective January 1, 1999) and replaced the 49 voivodships which had existed since 1... Voivodships of Poland
Greater Poland Voivodship Location Administrative division General information Capital city Poznań Area 29 826 km² Population  - density 3 359 000 112 people/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 4 31 Communes 226 Greater Poland Voivodship (in Polish województwo wielkopolskie) is an administrative... Greater Poland | Kujavian-Pomeranian voivodship since 1999 The Kujavian-Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo kujawsko-pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in central-northern Poland. Created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Bydgoszcz, Torun and Wloclawek voivodships as a result of Local Government Reogranization Act of 1998. The... Kuyavia-Pomerania | The Lesser Poland Voivodship or Little Poland Voivodship (in Polish województwo małopolskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in the south of Poland that contains core areas of the historical and geographical region of Lesser Poland (Malopolska). It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the... Lesser Poland | Lodz voivodship since 1999 Coat of Arms of Lodz Voivodship Łódź Voivodship (1) (Polish województwo łódzkie) is an administrative and local government region in central Poland created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Łódź (2), Sieradz, Piotrkow Trybunalski, Skierniewice and partly Plock... Łódź | Lower Silesian voivodship since 1999 Lower Silesia (Polish Dolny Śląsk, German Niederschlesien, Latin Silesia Inferior) is the north-western part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia in Poland, located along the middle Oder River and organized into Lower Silesian Voivodship, (Polish: województwo dolnoś... Lower Silesia | Lublin voivodship since 1999 Lublin Voivodship (in Polish województwo lubelskie) is an administrative and local government region or voivodship in the eastern part of Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Lublin (2), Chełm, Zamość, Biała Podlaska and... Lublin | Lubusz voivodship since 1999 The Lubusz Voivodship (in Polish województwo lubuskie) is an administrative and local government region or voivodship in the western part of Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Zielona Góra and Gorzów Wielkopolski voivodships as a result of... Lubusz | Masovian voivodship since 1999 The Masovian Voivodship (in Polish województwo mazowieckie) is the largest and most populous of the sixteen Polish administrative regions or voivodships created in 1999. It covers an area of 35,598 km² in eastern-central Poland and contains nearly 5.1 million inhabitants. Its principal... Masovia | Opole voivodship since 1999 1) Opole Voivodship (since 1999) or Opole Silesia (Polish: województwo opolskie, Śląsk Opolski) is an administrative and local government region created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Opole (2) and parts of Czestochowa voivodships as a result of the Local... Opole | Podlasie Voivodship Location Administrative division General information Capital city Białystok Area 20 180 km² Population  - density  - % of population of Poland 1 mln 221 000 60,5 people/km² 3,2 % Cities Powiats Communes Sołectwo Villages 36 17 118 3307 3272 Agriculture 12 006 km... Podlachia | The Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. Pomeranian voivodship since 1999 (1) Pomeranian voivodship (1999-), administrative and local government unit of the Republic of Poland established on January 1, 1999 out of former... Pomerania | Swietokrzyskie voivodship since 1999 Holy Cross Voivodship or Swietokrzyskie Voivodship (Polish Województwo świętokrzyskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in central Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Kielce and half of Tarnobrzeg voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganization... Świętokrzyskie | Silesian voivodship since 1999 Silesia or Silesian Voivodship(1) is an administrative region and local government unit in Poland, established in 1999 out of Katowice, Czętochowa and Bielsko-Biała voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganisation Act of 1998 (effective 1 January 1999). Contents // 1... Silesia | Subcarpathian voivodship since 1999 The Subcarpathian Voivodship (in Polish województwo podkarpackie) is an administrative and local government region or voivodship of south-eastern Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Rzeszow, Przemysl, Krosno and parts of Tarnow and Tarnobrzeg voivodships as a result of... Subcarpathia | Warmińsko-Mazurskie voivodship since 1999 Coat of Arms of Warmia-Masuria Warmia i Mazury (officially, the Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodship) is an administrative region or voivodship of north-eastern Poland. The capital is Olsztyn. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Olsztyn and... Warmia and Masuria | West Pomeranian voivodship since 1999 West Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze Zachodnie, German: West Pommern; Latin Pomerania Occidentalis) or West Pomeranian Voivodship (Polish: województwo zachodniopomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in the northwestern part of Poland. It borders the Lubusz (Lubuskie), Greater Poland (Wielkopolskie) and Pomeranian (Pomorskie) voivodships. It was... West Pomerania
This page includes a list of cities in Poland and a table of major Polish cities. The table ranks by population based on the Central Statistical Office of Poland. Note that in Polish administrational system there is no difference between a city and a town thus all urban communities are... Principal cities
Warsaw ( Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. It is located on the Vistula river roughly 350 km from both the Baltic Sea coast and the Carpathian Mountains. Its... Warsaw | The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Łódź. Łódź (pronounce: [wudʑ]) is the second-largest city (population 776,297 in 2004) of Poland, located in the centre of the country. It is the capital of the... Łódź | Kraków | The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Wrocław. Wrocław (in Polish pronounced: [:vrɔʦwaf], German Breslau, Czech Vratislav, Latin: Wratislavia; many Polish documents in English use the name Wroclaw) is a city in Silesia in... Wrocław | The Poznan is also a breed of horse. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. The title with diacritics is: Poznań (in Polish pronounced: ; [pɔznaɲ]; full official name:The Capital City of Poznań, Latin: Posnania, German: Posen) is a... Poznań | For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Gdańsk. Gdańsk (Flag) (Coat of Arms) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly... Gdańsk | Szczecin (Flag) (Coat of Arms) Motto: none Voivodship West Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Szczecina Mayor Marian Jurczyk Area 301,3 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 413 600 1372/km² Founded City rights 8th century 1243 Latitude Longitude 14°34E 53°26N Area code +48... Szczecin | Bydgoszcz (in Polish pronounce: [:bidgɔʃʧ], Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). It has been the capital of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship since 1999, and was previously the capital of the Bydgoszcz Voivodship (1947... Bydgoszcz | Lublin (pronounce: [lublin]) is the biggest city in eastern Poland and the capital of Lublin Voivodship with a population of 355,954 (2004). Lublin (Flag) (Coat of Arms) Motto: none Voivodship Lubelskie Municipal government Rada Miasta Lublin Mayor Andrzej Pruszkowski Area 147,5 km² Population  - city  - urban  ... Lublin | Katowice (pronounce: [katɔvʲitsɛ], original former Polish name Kątowicze, 1953-1956 Stalinogród - Stalin City, Czech Katovice, German Kattowitz) is an important city of the historical region of Upper Silesia in southern Poland on the Klodnica and Rawa rivers. Katowice is the capital of... Katowice | The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Białystok. Białystok (pronounce: [bȋa:wistɔk]) is the largest city (pop. 291,300 in 2004) in north-eastern Poland and the capital of Podlasie Voivodship since 1999... Białystok | The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Częstochowa. Częstochowa (pronounce: [ʧε̃stɔ:xɔva]) is a city in south Poland on the Warta River with 248,894 inhabitants (2004). Situated in the Silesian... Częstochowa | Gdynia (pronounce: [:gdiɲia], Kashubian Gdiniô; German Gdingen) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodship of Poland and an important seaport at Gdansk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. Gdynia is located in Kashubia in Eastern Pomerania. Gdynia is part of a conurbation with the spa... Gdynia | The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Toruń. Toruń (pronounce: [:tɔruɲ], Kashubian: Torń, German Thorn, see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. It has 208,386 inhabitants (2004... Toruń | Radom (Flag) (Coat of Arms) Motto: none Voivodship Masovian Municipal government Rada miejska Radomia Mayor Zdzisław Marcinkowski Area 111,7 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 228 700 - 2047/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 51°24 N 21°10 E Area code +48 48 Car... Radom | Kielce (pronounce: [ˈkjεlʦε]) is a city in central Poland with 210,311 inhabitants (2004). It is also the capital city of the Swietokrzyskie Voivodship since 1999, previously in Kielce Voivodship (1975-1998). The city is located in the middle of the Holy Cross Mountains, at... Kielce | Rzeszów (pronounce: [ʒεʃuv]) is a city in south-eastern Poland with a population of 159,649 ( 2003), granted a town charter in 1354, the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodship (since 1999), previously of Rzeszow Voivodship ( 1945- 1998). In 2004, Rzeszów hosted the Central... Rzeszów | Olsztyn (Flag) (Coat of Arms) Motto: none Voivodship Warmia i Mazury Municipal government Rada Miasta Olsztyn Mayor Czesław Jerzy Małkowski Area 87,9 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 173 350 - 1972/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 53°47 N 20°30 E... Olsztyn

 
 

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