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Encyclopedia > Cowpox
Cowpox
Classifications and external resources
ICD-10 B08.0
ICD-9 051.0
?Cowpox virus
Cowpox virus
Cowpox virus
Virus classification
Group: Group I (dsDNA)
Family: Poxviridae
Genus: Orthopoxvirus
Species: Cowpox virus

Cowpox is a disease of the skin caused by a virus (Cowpox virus) that is related to the Vaccinia virus. The ailment manifests itself in the form of red blisters and is transmitted by touch from cows to humans. The virus that causes cowpox was used to perform the first successful vaccination against another disease, smallpox, which is caused by the related Variola virus. Therefore the word "vaccination" has the Latin root vaca meaning cow. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) is a detailed description of known diseases and injuries. ... The following codes are used with International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) is a detailed description of known diseases and injuries. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... Download high resolution version (1024x671, 94 KB)Really big image of Cowpox virus. ... Viruses can be classified in several ways, such as by their geometry, by whether they have envelopes, by the identity of the host organism they can infect, by mode of transmission, or by the type of disease they cause. ... A DNA virus is a virus that has DNA as its genetic material and does not use an RNA intermediate during replication. ... Genera Subfamily Chordopoxvirinae    Orthopoxvirus    Parapoxvirus    Avipoxvirus    Capripoxvirus    Leporipoxvirus    Suipoxvirus    Molluscipoxvirus    Yatapoxvirus Subfamily Entomopoxvirinae    Entomopoxvirus A    Entomopoxvirus B    Entomopoxvirus C Poxviruses (members of the family Poxviridae) can infect as a family both vertebrate and invertebrate animals. ... Orthopox viruses include many species isolated from non-human mammals. ... Contagious redirects here. ... Vaccinia is the condition resulting from infection with the Vaccinia virus. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal primates belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin for wise man or knowing man) under the family Hominidae (known as the great apes). ... Vaccination is the process of administering weakened or dead pathogens to a healthy person or animal, with the intent of conferring immunity against a targeted form of a related disease agent. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) was a highly contagious viral disease unique to humans. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious disease unique to humans. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


In 1798 the rural English physician Edward Jenner made a curious observation. His patients who had contracted and recovered from cowpox (mainly dairymaids), a disease similar to but much milder than smallpox, seemed to be immune not only to further cases of cowpox, but also to smallpox. By scratching the fluid from cowpox lesions into the skin of healthy individuals, he was able to immunize those people against smallpox. 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Portrait of Edward Jenner Edward Jenner FRS (May 17, 1749 – January 26, 1823) was an English country doctor who studied nature and his natural surroundings from childhood and practiced medicine in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. ... A milkmaid is historically a woman, usually young, who milked cows and supplied milk. ...


The Cowpox (Catpox) virus is found in Europe and mainly in the UK. Human cases are very rare and most often contracted from domestic cats. The virus is not commonly found in cows; the reservoir hosts for the virus are woodland rodents particularly voles. It is from these rodents that domestic cats contract the virus. Symptoms in cats include lesions on the face, neck, forelimbs, and paws, and less commonly upper respiratory tract infection.[1] Symptoms of infection with cowpox virus in humans are localized, pustular lesions generally found on the hands and limited to the site of introduction. The incubation period is 9-10 days. The virus is prevalent in late summer and autumn. Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus (Linnaeus, 1758) The cat (or domestic cat, house cat) is a small carnivorous mammal and a subspecies of the wild cat. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... Genera Microtus Myodes Phenacomys Lagurus Arvicola A vole is a small rodent resembling a mouse but with a stouter body, a shorter hairy tail, and smaller ears and eyes. ...


Historical use

Cowpox was the original vaccine of sorts for smallpox. After infection with the disease, the body (usually) gains the ability of recognising the similar smallpox virus from its antigens and so is able to fight the smallpox disease much more efficiently. Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) was a highly contagious viral disease unique to humans. ...


Note

This site: http://www.stanford.edu/group/virus/pox/history.html states that the vaccinia virus is not the same as cowpox.


References

  1. ^ Mansell, Joanne K.;Rees, Christine A. (2005). “Cutaneous manifestations of viral disease”, August, John R. (ed.) Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine Vol. 5. Elsevier Saunders. ISBN 0-7216-0423-4.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cowpox (141 words)
Cowpox is a disease of the skin caused by the Vaccinia virus[?].
The virus that causes cowpox was used to perform the first successful vaccination against another disease.
His patients who had contracted and recovered from cowpox, a disease similar to but much milder than smallpox, seemed to be immune not only to further cases of cowpox, but also to smallpox.
Cowpox - pseudo cowpox (353 words)
Cowpox disease cowpox is a disease of the skin caused by a virus (Cowpox virus) that is related to the Vaccinia virus.
His patients who had contracted and recovered from cowpox, a disease similar to but much milder than smallpox, seemed to be immune not only to further cases of cowpox, but also milkmaid cowpox nursery rhyme to smallpox.
By scratching the fluid from cowpox lesions into the skin of healthy individuals, he was able to immunize those pseudo cowpox people against smallpox.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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