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Encyclopedia > Cowardly Lion
Bert Lahr as The Cowardly Lion in the 1939 movie, The Wizard of Oz.

The Cowardly Lion is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. He is a lion, but he talks and interacts with humans. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (483x685, 160 KB)Cover of The Cowardly Lion of Oz File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (483x685, 160 KB)Cover of The Cowardly Lion of Oz File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cover of The Cowardly Lion of Oz. ... Ruth Plumly Thompson (1891-1976) was an American writer of childrens stories. ... Image File history File links Cowardly_Lion. ... Image File history File links Cowardly_Lion. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Oz is a fantasy region containing four countries under the rule of one monarch. ... The Laughing Dragon of Oz, see Frank Joslyn Baum . ... Binomial name Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of Lions in Africa Synonyms Felis leo (Linnaeus, 1758) The lion (Panthera leo) is a mammal of the family Felidae and one of four big cats in the genus Panthera. ...

Contents

The classic books

The Cowardly Lion makes his first appearance in the book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. He is the last of the companions Dorothy befriends on her way to the Emerald City. The Cowardly Lion joins her so that he can ask The Wizard for courage, being ashamed that, in his cultural role as the King of the Beasts, he is not indeed brave.[1] Despite outward evidence that he is a coward, The Cowardly Lion displays great bravery along the way. In the rest of Baum's Oz series, the Lion was never again cast in a major role, used only as a minor character. For the film, see The Wizard of Oz (1939 film) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. ... Dorothy Gale is a fictional character based on Dorethy (Neilson)(Cartwright)Hughes of Western Australia against her will(born 1915), the protagonist of most of the Oz novels by American author L. Frank Baum. ... For other uses, see Emerald City (disambiguation). ... The Wizard of Oz (or simply The Wizard) is a fictional character in the Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum and further popularized by the classic 1939 movie. ... Bravery and Fortitude redirect here. ...


In later books, The Cowardly Lion often accompanies Dorothy on her adventures. His favored companion is the Hungry Tiger. He is Princess Ozma's chief guardian on state occasions. ... Ozma has several meanings: Ozma is the name invented by L. Frank Baum for Princess Ozma, ruler of his fictional land of Oz, and later given to his own granddaughter. ...


The 1939 movie

In the classic 1939 movie The Wizard of Oz, The Cowardly Lion was anthropomorphic and played by Bert Lahr. Bert Lahr's biography, written by his son John Lahr, is entitled Notes on a Cowardly Lion. 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Bert Lahr as the Cowardly Lion. ... John Lahr is an American theater critic and the son of actor Bert Lahr. ...


Modern works and parodies

The Cowardly Lion is also a minor character in author Gregory Maguire's revisionist novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West and its Broadway musical adaptation. In both works he is first seen as a Lion Cub (lion with human attributes) who has been torn from his mother and used as an experiment (in the book by Dr. Dillamond's replacement, and in the musical an agent of the Wizard) on the nature of Animals. Elphaba saves the lion cub who in the end of both adaptions becomes a Witch Hunter. He also appears in Maguire's sequel Son of a Witch. As of October 2006, Maguire is writing a third Oz novel entitled A Cowardly War in which the central character will be the Cowardly Lion.[1] Gregory Maguire (born June 9, 1954 in Albany, New York) is an American author. ... Wicked (ISBN 0-06-098710-3), or Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, is a parallel novel by Gregory Maguire. ... Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... Elphaba is the name given to the Wicked Witch of the West in Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West by Gregory Maguire, as well as in the Broadway adaptation, Wicked. ... Son of a Witch book cover Son of a Witch is a sequel to Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, and the fifth revisionist novel written by Gregory Maguire. ... A Cowardly War is the third book in Gregory Maguires Wicked Cycle. ...


Todd McFarlane's action figure line 'The Twisted Land of Oz', shows the lion as a walking corpse holding his entrails; according to the accompanying story, he was a crusader in a past life that betrayed his men in the heat of battle. Todd McFarlane (born March 16, 1961 in Calgary, Alberta, Canada) is a Canadian cartoonist, comic book writer, artist, toy manufacturer/designer, and media entrepreneur. ...


In The Muppets' Wizard of Oz, The Cowardly Lion is played by Fozzie Bear. Promotional poster The Muppets Wizard of Oz, an original made-for-television movie, aired May 20, 2005 as a special Friday night edition of ABCs The Wonderful World of Disney. ... Fozzie Bear Fozzie Bear is a fictional character, originally created by Jim Henson as a member of The Muppets. ...


In Matt Groening's cartoon Futurama episode "Anthology of Interest II" the Cowardly Lion is mentioned as "the other guy" in the Wizard of Oz parody and is portrayed by Dr. Zoidberg. Matthew Abram Groening (born February 15, 1954[2] in Portland, Oregon;[3] his family name is pronounced ) is an Emmy Award-winning American cartoonist and the creator of The Simpsons,[4] Futurama and the weekly comic strip Life in Hell. ... Futurama is an Emmy Award-winning animated sitcom created by Matt Groening (creator of The Simpsons) and David X. Cohen for the Fox network. ... Anthology of Interest II is the eighteenth episode of the third season of Futurama. ... Doctor John Zoidberg is a lobster-like alien, Decapodian, in the television series Futurama. ...


The Oz/Wonderland Chronicles#1 comic establishes that, in January 2006, The Cowardly Lion accompanied The Hungry Tiger and two Tin Woodsmen in chasing Alice Liddell, the protagonist of Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland. The Lion caught Liddell, but was stopped by Gale before he could do anything else. Alice Pleasance Liddell (May 4, 1852 – November 15, 1934) was the inspiration for childrens classic Alices Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll. ... Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) - believed to be a self-portrait Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (January 27, 1832 – January 14, 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican clergyman, and photographer. ... Alice in Wonderland is the widely known and used title for Alices Adventures in Wonderland, a book written by Lewis Carroll -- as well as several movie adaptations of the book -- and is also the setting for several short stories. ...


When Beavis and Butt-head are watching a Metallica video, Butt-head comments that James Hetfield resembles the Cowardly Lion. Beavis and Butt-head is an American animated television series created by Mike Judge. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Fictional History

Origins

In the original Oz books, the Lion's origins were never explicitely stated. However, many works since then have either hinted at or revealed elements of backstory for the Cowardly Lion. Partly due to the large amount of written material about Oz, many of these stories are contradictory to each other or to the "Famous Forty" Oz books, and many fans don't accept them as 'canon'. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


A skittish and frightful lion cub was seen at Shiz University in Gregory Maguire's novel, Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West. The cub had been the result of cruel experiments by Dr. Dillamond's replacement teacher (In the musical, it was an agent of the Wizard) and was saved by Elphaba and some other students. This was heavily hinted to be a younger form of the Cowardly Lion. Wicked (ISBN 0-06-098710-3), or Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West, is a parallel novel by Gregory Maguire. ...


However, the book "Lion of Oz and the badge of Courage" and its accompanying animated feature, "Lion of Oz", show the Lion as having grown up in a zoo in America. His caretaker was the man who would become the Wizard of Oz; this man took the Lion on a balloon ride one night, which resulted in the two becoming stranded in Oz.


Prior to 'The Wizard of Oz'

After landing in the land of Oz (or growing up there, as the case may be), "Lion in Oz" depicts the Lion on a quest to reunite with his friend, the Wizard of Oz. For the duration of the quest, the Lion has a Badge of Courage which makes him exceedingly brave. As he travels across the land, he finds himself repeatedly threatened and manipulated by the Wicked Witch of the East. The Wicked Witch of the East is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum in his classic books. ...


At the end of this story, he befriends the Flower of Oz, a seemingly great magical power that the witch seeks; Together the two defeat the Witch. However, the Lion's Badge of Courage is broken in the process and he becomes cowardly. In shame, he leaves his friends and takes off on his own through the forests, where he eventually meets Dorothy, the Tin Man, and the Scarecrow.


The Wizard of Oz and further Oz books

The Lion travels with Dorothy, the Tin Man, the Scarecrow, and Toto on the yellow brick road on their journey to see the Wizard of Oz. He tells his new companions that he is cowardly and wishes to see the wizard to regain his courage. Dorothy can refer to: // People Dorothy, two virgin martyrs and saints in the Christian church Sister Dorothy (1931-2005), catholic nun of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur Dorothy Catherine Fontana, screenplay writer Dorothy Wordsworth was the favourite sister of William Wordsworth. ... The Tin Woodsman (also known as The Tin Woodman or simply The Tin Man) is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum. ... The Scarecrow is one of the many supervillains of Gotham City, home of Batman in the DC Comics series. ... Toto has several meanings: Toto (band) is an American pop/rock group, best known for the songs Africa and Rosanna. Toto (album), the aforementioned groups debut album. ...


However, during the course of the book, the Cowardly Lion seems to be the bravest member of the party, showing a willingness to stand by and defend his friends even if it involves certain death. When the group reaches the Emerald City at the end of the book, the Wizard gives the Lion a placebo Badge of Courage which makes him believe he has regained his courageous nature.


In subsequent Oz books by Baum, the Lion was shown to have continued being courageous and loyal. He befriended the Hungry Tiger in "Ozma of Oz" and the two have become Ozma's personal guards. ... The original 1907 book cover by John R. Neill. ...


Possible Futures

In the comic book series 'Oz Squad', the four original characters from 'The Wizard of Oz' have become crime-fighters in America some thirty years since the events of the original books. In this series, the Lion is a fierce fighter and can also disguise himself perfectly as a human. Oz Squad is a comic book updating of L. Frank Baums Land of Oz series. ...


Political interpretations

Some historians, such as high school history teacher Henry Littlefield, have suggested that Baum modeled the Cowardly Lion after politician William Jennings Bryan. Most readers in 1900 read The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as a fairy tale, but cartoonists recognized that Baum and Denslow were using images that editorial cartoonists had long used to portray American politicians. ... William Jennings Bryan (March 19, 1860 – July 26, 1925) was an American lawyer, statesman, and politician. ...


References

  1. ^ L. Frank Baum, Michael Patrick Hearn, The Annotated Wizard of Oz, p 148, ISBN 0-517-500868
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Cowardly Lion


Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ...

The world of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
Oz portal
The land | The characters | The books
The authors (Baum | Thompson | McGraw | Volkov) | The illustrators (Denslow | Neill)

The Oz Film Manufacturing Company

The film adaptations

(1908: The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays | 1910: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz | Dorothy and the Scarecrow in Oz | The Land of Oz | 1914: The Patchwork Girl of Oz | The Magic Cloak of Oz | His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz | 1925: Wizard of Oz | 1933: The Wizard of Oz | 1939: The Wizard of Oz | 1961: Tales of the Wizard of Oz | 1964: Return to Oz | 1965: The Wizard of Mars | 1969: The Wonderful Land of Oz | 1971: Ayşecik ve Sihirli Cüceler Rüyalar Ülkesinde | 1972: Journey Back to Oz | 1975: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz | 1976: The Wizard of Oz | 1976: Oz | 1981: The Marvelous Land of Oz | 1982: The Wizard of Oz | 1984: Os Trapalhões e o Mágico de Oróz | 1985: Return to Oz | 1986: Oz no Mahōtsukai | 1990: Supēsu Ozu no Bōken | 1996: The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz | 2002: Lost In Oz | 2005: The Muppets' Wizard of Oz | The Patchwork Girl of Oz| 2007: Tin Man) For the film, see The Wizard of Oz (1939 film) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. ... Oz is a fantasy region containing four countries under the rule of one monarch. ... ... The Oz books are a series of books, which begin with The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, and deal with the history of the Land of Oz. ... The Laughing Dragon of Oz, see Frank Joslyn Baum . ... Ruth Plumly Thompson (1891-1976) was an American writer of childrens stories. ... Eloise Jarvis McGraw (December 9, 1915 - November 30, 2000) was an author of childrens books. ... Alexander Melentyevich Volkov (Russian: ) (July 14, 1891 – July 3, 1977) was a Russian novelist and mathematician. ... William Wallace Denslow Copyright notice from Denslows Mother Goose of 1901 - note the use of the word, Rex even at that date William Wallace Denslow (May 5, 1856–March 29, 1915) was an illustrator and caricaturist remembered for his work in collaboration with author L. Frank Baum, especially his... John Rea Neill (November 12, 1877 - September 13, 1943) was a childrens book illustrator primarily known for illustrating more than forty stories set in the Land of Oz, including L. Frank Baums, Ruth Plumly Thompsons, and three of his own. ... The Oz Film Manufacturing Company was an independent film studio from 1914-1915. ... The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays was an early attempt to bring L. Frank Baums Oz books to the screen. ... The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910) was the first film version of L. Frank Baums 1900 novel. ... The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910) was the first film version of L. Frank Baums 1900 novel. ... The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910) was the first film version of L. Frank Baums 1900 novel. ... The Patchwork Girl of Oz was a 1914 film made by L. Frank Baums Oz Film Company. ... The Magic Cloak of Oz is a 1914 film directed by J. Farrell MacDonald. ... His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz is a 1914 film production, directed by J. Farrell MacDonald and written and produced by L. Frank Baum. ... The Wizard of Oz (1925), directed by Larry Semon, who also appears in a comic role (and featuring a young Oliver Hardy), was the first major filmed production of the Wizard of Oz, done as a silent film. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Tales of the Wizard of Oz was a 1961 animated television series, produced by Crawley Films for Videocraft. ... Return to Oz (1964) was an animated television special produced by Rankin/Bass. ... The Wizard of Mars is a 1965 low budget science fiction film takeoff of L. Frank Baums The Wizard of Oz written and directed by stage magician David L. Hewitt. ... The Wonderful Land of Oz is a 1969 film by Barry Mahon, based on the novel The Marvelous Land of Oz by L. Frank Baum. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Journey Back To Oz is an official animated sequel to the 1939 MGM film The Wizard of Oz. ... This feature length (115 minute) film is an adaption of the childrens novel written by L. Frank Baum. ... This short film was based on the novel by L. Frank Baum. ... Oz is a 1976 film directed by Chris Löfvén, and stars Joy Dunsten. ... The Marvelous Land of Oz is a musical play by Thomas W. Olson (book), Gary Briggle (lyrics), and Richard Dworsky (music), based on the novel by L. Frank Baum. ... Ozu no Mahōtsukai is a 1982 anime feature film directed by Fumihiko Takayama, from a screenplay by Yoshimitsu Banno and Akira Miyazaki, produced by Banno and Katsumi Ueno for Toho Co. ... Os Trapalhões e o Mágico de Oróz is the 1984 entry in the Brazilian comedy film series Os Trapalhões. ... For other uses, including the 1964 film of the same name, see Return to Oz (disambiguation). ... Oz no Mahōtsukai ) is an anime adaption of The Wizard of Oz which ran on the Japanese network TV Tokyo from October 6, 1986–September 28, 1987. ... The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz is a 1990 futuristic adaptation of the classic story The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. ... The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz is a 1990 futuristic adaptation of the classic story The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. ... Lost in Oz was an original sequel to The Wizard of Oz, inspired by the Oz books of L. Frank Baum. ... Promotional poster The Muppets Wizard of Oz, an original made-for-television movie, aired May 20, 2005 as a special Friday night edition of ABCs The Wonderful World of Disney. ... Tin Man is an upcoming television miniseries set to air on Sci Fi Channel sometime in December, 2007. ...

The Wiz
(The musical | The film)
Wicked
(The books | The musical)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cowardly Lion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (566 words)
The Cowardly Lion is also a minor character in author Gregory Maguire's revisionist novel Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West and its Broadway musical adaptation.
Todd McFarlane's action figure line 'The Twisted Land of Oz', shows the lion as a walking corpse holding his entrails; according to the accompanying story, he was a crusader in a past life that betrayed his men in the heat of battle.
In the January 2006 issue of The Oz/Wonderland Chronicles#1 comic, The Cowardly Lion accompanied The Hungry Tiger and two Tin Woodsmen in chasing Alice Liddell, the protagonist of Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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