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Encyclopedia > Court of Appeals

Court of Appeals or (outside the U.S. and in some American states) Court of Appeal is the title of a court which has the power to consider or hear an appeal. A court of appeal is also a superior court. In law, an appeal is a process for making a formal challenge to an official decision. ... In law, and more specifically, in the Anglo-American common law legal tradition, a superior court is a court of general jurisdiction over all, or major, civil and criminal cases. ...

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Commonwealth

Some jurisdictions within the Commonwealth of Nations have courts by the name of the Court of Appeal above the High Court, Supreme Court or Court of Queens Bench and below the court of last resort (which may be a federal Supreme Court (as in Canada), the High Court (as in Australia), House of Lords, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council). For a fuller treatment, see Courts of England and Wales or Court of Appeal of England and Wales. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... Schematic of court system for England and Wales The United Kingdom does not have a single unified judicial system—England and Wales have one system, Scotland another, and Northern Ireland a third. ... Her Majestys High Court of Justice (usually known more simply as the High Court) is, together with the Crown Court and the Court of Appeal, part of the Supreme Court of Judicature of England and Wales (which under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, is to be known as the... The supreme court in some countries, provinces, and states, is the highest court in that jurisdiction and functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be appealed. ... The House of Lords, in addition to having a legislative function, has a judicial function as a court of last resort within the United Kingdom. ... The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is one of the highest courts in the United Kingdom. ... Schematic of court system for England and Wales The United Kingdom does not have a single unified judicial system—England and Wales have one system, Scotland another, and Northern Ireland a third. ... Her Majestys Court of Appeal is the second most senior court in the English legal system, with only the Judicial Committee of the House of Lords above it. ...


In Canada the Court of Appeal is the highest court in most of the country's provincial jurisdictions. The Supreme Court of Canada, the country's court of last resort, is the only court higher than any of the provincial or territorial courts of appeal. The chief justice of the appellate court is styled Chief Justice of [the Name of the Province]. The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. ...


In Australia State Courts of Appeal, where they exist (The Australian Capital Territory does not have a Court of Appeals and appeals from The ACT Supreme Court are heard in The High Court of Australia), are appellate divisions of the State Supreme Courts rather than being separately constituted; appeals formerly lay either by leave or as of right depending on the nature of the case either to the High Court of Australia and then to the Judicial Committee of the Imperial Privy Council or directly to the Privy Council. The Privy Council appeal was abolished in 1987 and the High Court is now the court of last resort. High Court entrance The High Court of Australia is the final court of appeal in Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy. ...


In New Zealand the Court of Appeal is an intermediate appellate court below the Supreme Court of New Zealand. Formerly, prior to the abolition of appeals to the Privy Council, the Court of Appeal was considered by some commentators to have been a de-facto court of last resport given that fewer than a dozen appeals per year were heard by the Privy Council. Since the abolition of the Privy Council appeal in these jurisdictions and with the increasing rationalisation of English law to that of continental Europe, Commonwealth jurisdictions have paid greater head to the jurisprudence of their fellow Commonwealth countries than formerly, that of the High Court of Australia and the New Zealand Court of Appeal being held in special regard. The Court of Appeal of New Zealand, located in Wellington, is New Zealand’s principal intermediate appellate court. ... The Supreme Court of New Zealand is the highest court of appeal in New Zealand, having formally come into existence at the beginning of 2004, and sitting for the first time on 1 July 2004. ...


France

The Courts of Appeal are one level under the Cour de cassation, which is the court of last resort. There exist administrative Courts of Appeal, under the Conseil d'√Čtat, for cases belonging to the administrative order.hahahahahahhahahahahahahahahahaha The Court of Cassation (Cour de cassation in French) is the main court of last resort in France. ... The supreme court in some countries, provinces, and states, is the highest court in that jurisdiction and functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be appealed. ... In France, the Conseil dÉtat (English: Council of State and sometimes Counsel of State) is an organ of the French national government. ...


Germany

With civil and criminal cases, the highest court in a hierarchy of appellate courts is the Bundesgerichtshof. The other branches of the German judicial branch for social, labour, and administrative cases each have their own appellate systems. The Bundesgerichtshof is distinct from the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany (Bundesverfassungsgericht), which only performs judicial review, although both courts are located in Karlsruhe. france is for women frogiieeseessesss The Bundesgerichtshof or BGH (German for federal court) is the highest Germany for civil and criminal lawsuits. ... The Bundesverfassungsgericht The Federal Constitutional Court (in German: Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) is a special court established by the German constitutional document, the Grundgesetz (Basic Law). ... It has been suggested that Judicial Review in English Law be merged into this article or section. ... Karlsruhe (population 285,812 in 2006) is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border. ...


Hong Kong

The Court of Appeal is an intermediate appellate court below the Court of Final Appeal, the court of last resort. It is part of the territory's High Court, which was formerly called the Supreme Court. It hears cases appealed from the Court of First Instance (formerly known as the High Court of Justice) and from District Courts. The Court of Final Appeal (終審法院) is the court with the final adjudication power on laws of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China . ... Court of Final Appeal usually refers to the last court in which one can appeal cases brought before the highest level. ... The High Court (Traditional Chinese: ) in Hong Kong consists of the Court of Appeal and the Court of First Instance. ... The Supreme Court was the highest court in Hong Kong prior to the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the Peoples Republic of China in 1997 and heard cases passed on from the lower courts. ... The Court of First Instance is one of two courts in the High Court (formerly known as the Supreme Court) structure in Hong Kong. ... The Court of First Instance is one of two courts in the High Court (formerly known as the Supreme Court) structure in Hong Kong. ... The District Courts are the lower court system in Hong Kong, have both criminal and civil jurisdictions. ...


United States

The thirteen United States Courts of Appeals stand between the United States District Courts (or other comparable federal courts, such as the Court of International Trade) and the United States Supreme Court. The United States courts of appeals (or circuit courts) are the mid-level appellate courts of the United States federal court system. ... Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system. ... United States International Court of Trade. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries  Atlas  Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym...


Each state has decided upon its own particular appellate structure. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the...


In the state of New York, for example, the Court of Appeals is the highest court in the state and the court of last resort within the State. Only cases raising questions of federal law can be appealed from there to the United States Supreme Court. Similarly, in the District of Columbia, the Court of Appeals is equivalent to a state supreme court. Maryland also calls its highest court the Court of Appeals, with the intermediate appellate court having the name of the Court of Special Appeals. “NY” redirects here. ... The Court of Appeals is New Yorks highest appellate court, created in 1847, replacing the Court for the Trial of Impeachments and the Correction of Errors. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The District of Columbia Court of Appeals was established by the U.S. Congress in 1970 as the highest court of the District of Columbia. ... In the United States, the state supreme court (known by various names in various states) is the highest state court in the state court system. ...


In California, the intermediate appellate courts are known as the Courts of Appeal (note the lack of an "s"). Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Court of Appeals is the title of certain appellate courts in various jurisdictions. ...


In New Mexico, the Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court between county jurisdictions and the state's Supreme Court. Most states that have a Court of Appeals (or multiple Courts) give them a similar intermediate role. Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ...


In Nevada (and a few other states), there is no Court of Appeals. Cases are appealed directly from District (county) Courts to the state's Supreme Court. The state Supreme Court in that case must hear all appeals. Official language(s) English Capital Carson City Largest city Las Vegas Area  Ranked 7th  - Total 110,567 sq mi (286,367 km²)  - Width 322 miles (519 km)  - Length 490 miles (788 km)  - % water 0. ...


The general rule in the American justice system is that the loser deserves one appeal. Therefore, such intermediate courts usually have mandatory jurisdiction and must hear an appeal, while the state supreme court (or the U.S. Supreme Court in the federal system) has discretionary jurisdiction and hears an appeal only if it wants to. There exist some special exceptions to this rule. In some state courts, the state's supreme court is required by law to hear all appeals of a certain nature. These cases usually involve the death penalty or cases involving high-ranking government officials. Goerge bush what a wanka what a wanka Discretionary jurisdiction is a legal term used to describe a circumstance where a court has the power to decide whether to hear a particular case brought before it. ...


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