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Encyclopedia > Coup d'etat

A coup d'état, or simply a 'coup', is the sudden overthrow of a A government is an Alternative meaning: Organisation (band). An organization (also organisation in many Commonwealth countries) is a formal group of people with one or more shared goals. This topic is a broad one. According to management science, most human organizations fall roughly into five types: Pyramids or hierarchies Committees... government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. It is different from a This article is about revolution in the sense of a drastic change. For other meanings of the word, see The word revolution can refer to: Revolution, a sudden drastic change. Orbital revolution of planets, etc. Revolution, a movie Revolution, the title of several Beatles songs RPM (revolutions per minute) Revolution... revolution, which is staged by a larger group and radically changes the political system. The term is French (Français) Spoken in: The French Republic or France ( French (Fran ais) Spoken in: France and 53 other countries Region: Europe Total speakers: 128 million Ranking: 11 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Italic   Romance    Italo-Western     Western   ... French for "a sudden stroke, or blow, of a state". The term coup can also be used in a casual sense to mean a gain in advantage of one nation or entity over another; e.g. an intelligence coup. By analogy, the term is also applied to corporations, etc; e.g. a boardroom coup.


Since the unsuccessful coup attempts of Wolfgang Kapp (July 24, 1858 - June 12, 1922) was an East Prussian civil servant and journalist. He was a strict nationalist, and a nominal leader of the so-called Kapp Putsch that took place in Weimar Republic in 1920. When the putsch failed, Kapp was forced to flee the country... Wolfgang Kapp in 1920 is a This is a calendar for any leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC), e.g. 2004. January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 1 2 3... 1920, and of For other people with the surname Hitler, see There have been several persons named Hitler: Adolf Hitler, (April 20, 1889 - April 30, 1945) was the Führer of the National Socialist German Workers Party and was the dictator of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. Some of his family members... Adolf Hitler in Years: 1920 is a This is a calendar for any leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC), e.g. 2004. January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 1 2... 1923, the German (Deutsch) Spoken in: Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and 38 other countries. Region: Europe Total speakers: 120 million Ranking: 9 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Germanic   West Germanic    Old High German    Middle High German    Modern German Official status Official language... German word "putsch" is as much used as the term "coup d'etat", even in Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to disclaimers. Trying... France (such as the putsch of November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in A leap year (or intercalary year) is a year containing an extra day or month in order to keep the calendar year in sync with an astronomical or seasonal year. Seasons and astronomical events do not repeat at an... November 8, Years: 1939 1940 1941 - 1942 - 1943 1944 1945 Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1942 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1942 and the putsch of April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). There are 254 days remaining. April Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... April 21, 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year - i.e., one that looked the same upside down - since 1881, and the last until 6009. Years: 1958 1959 1960 - 1961 - 1962 1963 1964 Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s... 1961, both in For other uses, see Algiers (disambiguation). Algiers (Fr. Alger, Arab. الجزائر El-Jezair, i.e. The Islands), is the capital and largest city of Algeria, North Africa. It is situated on the west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea, to which it... Algiers).


Tactics is the collective name for methods of winning a small-scale conflict, performing an optimization, etc. This applies specifically to warfare, but also to economics, trade, games and a host of other fields such as negotiation. Tactics and Strategy are often confused. Tactics are the actual means used to... Tactically, a coup usually involves control of some active portion of the Military (from Latin militarius, miles soldier) as an adjective describes anything related to soldiers and warfare, more specifically to do with land forces, the sea forces equivalent being naval. Used as a noun, it is equivalent to Armed force. See also Armed force Martial art Militaria Military history Military rule... military while neutralizing the remainder of a country's armed services. This active group captures or expels leaders, seizes physical control of important government offices, means of communication, and the physical Infrastructure is the set of interconnected structural elements that provide the framework for supporting the entire structure. The term is often used very abstractly. For instance, software engineering tools are sometimes described as part of the infrastructure of a development shop, and the term infrastructural capital in economics may be... infrastructure, such as streets and power plants. The coup succeeds if its opponents fail to dislodge the plotters, allowing them to consolidate their position, obtain the surrender or acquiescence of the populace and surviving armed forces, and claim The word legitimacy comes from the Latin word legitimare and it has two uses: Legitimacy (political science) is whether or not people accept the validity of a law or ruling or the validity of a governing regime. This concept has also been applied to other kinds of authority, such as... legitimacy.


Coups typically use the power of the existing government for its own takeover. As Edward Nicolae Luttwak (born 1942) is an economist and historian known for his many publications on military strategy and international relations. Luttwak was born Arad, Romania, and later attended the London School of Economics and Johns Hopkins University, where he received a doctorate. His first academic post was at the... Edward Luttwak remarks in his Coup d'état: A practical handbook: "A coup consists of the infiltration of a small but critical segment of the state apparatus, which is then used to displace the government from its control of the remainder." In this sense, use of military or other organized force is not the defining feature of a coup d'état. Any seizure of the state apparatus by extra-legal tactics may be considered a coup, according to Luttwak.

Contents

History

Coups have long been part of political tradition. Indeed, This article is about Julius Caesar the Roman dictator. For alternative meanings: Julius Caesar (disambiguation). Bust of Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (Latin: C·IVLIVS·C·F·C·N·CAESAR¹) (July 13, 100 BC–March 15, 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader whose conquest of Gallia... Julius Caesar made a coup and was the victim of another coup. Many Roman emperors, such as For other Romans named Claudius see Claudius (gens). Emperor Claudius Claudian letters Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar Drusus (August 1, 10 BC - October 13, 54), originally known as Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus, was the fourth Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from January 24th 41 to his death... Claudius, came to power in coups. Modern dictators such as Juan Perón also benefited from coups..


In the late (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... 20th century coups occurred most commonly in A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. The term has tended to edge out earlier ones, including the Cold War-defined Third World. The developing part of developing country may be considered euphemistic or perhaps optimistic, as many of the poorest countries... developing countries, particularly in Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. Most frequently the term Latin America is restricted to countries whose inhabitants speak... Latin America ( For other uses, see Brazil - a country in South America. Brazil R/S - The Brazil Rendering System, a photorealistic rendering engine. Brazil, Indiana - a town in the United States. Brazil - a movie directed by Terry Gilliam. Brazil (mythical island). a former name of Terceira Island. a neighbourhood or refugee camp... Brazil, This article is about the country in South America; the word chile may also refer to Chilli pepper The Republic of Chile is a republic located on the southwestern coast of South America. It is a long and narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean... Chile, and especially For other uses, see Bolivia (disambiguation). The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil in the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina in the south, and Chile and Peru in the west. Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simón Bolívar... Bolivia), ... World map showing location of Africa Download high resolution version (741x800, 113 KB) This image page contains items that originally came from a NASA website or publication. All works created by NASA are in the public domain, with the exception of the usage-restricted NASA logo, because works created by... Africa and For other uses, see Asia may have the following meanings: Asia is one of the continents. Asia is a beach district in Peru. Asia was in Greek mythology one of the female Titans. Asia is a band. Asia was a province of the Roman Empire, in modern-day western Turkey... Asia ( The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (پاکستان in Urdu), or Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia. Pakistan borders India, Iran, Afghanistan, China and the Arabian Sea. With over 150 million inhabitants it is the sixth most populous country in the world. It also... Pakistan), but also in the Pacific ( The Republic of the Fiji Islands occupies an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Vanuatu, west of Tonga and south of Tuvalu. Republic of the Fiji Islands Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti (In Detail) National motto: Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui (English: Fear God... Fiji) and in Europe ( For other uses, see Greece may be: Ancient Greece Greece, country in southeast Europe, also known as Hellas or Ellas Greece (CDP), New York Greece (town), New York This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an... Greece, The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic There is presently an editing dispute over two versions of this page. One version is below; you may also view the other version (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Republic&oldid={{{1}}}) or... Portugal, The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish (espa ol or castellano) Spoken in: Mexico, Colombia, Spain, Argentina, Nicaragua, Chile, USA, Venezuela, Costa Rica , Cuba, Peru, and 34 other countries. Region: Total speakers: 417 million (including second language speakers) Ranking: 2 (first language speakers, may vary based on metric) Genetic classification... Spain, Soviet Union - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Soviet Union From Wikipedia Soviet redirects here. For other uses, see Soviet (disambiguation). The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) .( Russian (русский язык... Soviet Union). Since the These pages contain the trends of millennia and centuries. The individual century pages contain lists of decades and years. See history for different organizations of historical events. See Calendar and List of calendars for other groupings of years. For earlier time periods see cosmological timeline, geologic timescale, evolutionary timeline, pleistocene... 1980s, the coup has been seen somewhat less frequently. A significant reason is the general inability to resolve the economic and political problems of developing nations, which has made armed forces, particularly in Latin America, much more reluctant to intervene in politics. Hence, in contrast to past crises, the armed forces have sat on the sidelines through economic crises such as the The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand, and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices of several Asian countries, many part of the East Asian Tigers. It is also commonly referred to as the Asian currency crisis or locally, although inaccurately... Asian crisis in The Kingdom of Thailand is a country in southeast Asia, bordering Laos and Cambodia to the east, the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia to the south, and the Andaman Sea and Myanmar to the west. Thailand is also known as Siam, which was the countrys official name until May... Thailand in 1998 is a This is the calendar for any common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D). (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa... 1998 or the The South American Economic Crisis is the economic disturbances which have developed in 2002 in the South American countries of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. These crisis have shaken confidence in the Washington consensus. External links I.M.F. Loan to Brazil Also Shields U.S. Interests (http://www.nytimes... Argentine crisis of 2002 is a This is the calendar for a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F), e.g. 2002, 1991, 1985, 1974, 1963... (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1... 2002 and have tended to act only when the military perceives itself as institutionally threatened by the civilian government, as occurred in The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (پاکستان in Urdu), or Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia. Pakistan borders India, Iran, Afghanistan, China and the Arabian Sea. With over 150 million inhabitants it is the sixth most populous country in the world. It also... Pakistan in For the album by Prince changed his stage name into an unpronounceable symbol in 1993, but took up the name Prince again in 1999. Prince (born Prince Rogers Nelson June 7, 1958) is a popular musician. His music has spanned myriad styles including funk, rhythm and blues, psychedelia and rock... 1999.


Coups d'état have often been seen as a means for powerful nations to assure favorable outcomes in smaller foreign states. In particular, the American This article is about the foreign intelligence service of the United States of America. For other uses of the term CIA, see CIA (disambiguation). The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is one of the three American foreign intelligence agencies, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals... CIA and Soviet For other meanings, see KGB may stand for: Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti or KGB, a former Soviet intelligence agency. The callsign of a radio station in San Diego, California. The Kingston and George Bay Railroad, near Lake Superior. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages... KGB developed a reputation for supporting coups in states such as Chile and Afghanistan (Pashtu/Dari-Persian: Afğānistān افغانستان) is a country in Central Asia. It is bordered by Iran in the west, Pakistan in the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the... Afghanistan, respectively. Such actions are substitutes for direct military intervention which would have been more politically unpopular. The governments of Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to disclaimers. Trying... France and The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a This article describes a type of political entity. Country is also a short form for the Rural areas are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities and towns. Such areas are distinct from more intensively settled... Britain have engineered coups as well.


New styles of coups

In recent years, the traditional military coup has declined massively in use. A new, more contemporary form of military intervention which some regard as a coup d'état is simple threat of military force to remove a particularly unpopular leader. This has occurred twice in the The Republic of the Philippines is an island nation consisting of an archipelago of 7,107 islands, lying in the tropical western Pacific Ocean about 100 kilometers southeast of mainland Asia. Spain (1565-1898) and the United States (1898-1946), colonized the country and have been the largest influences on... Philippines. In contrast to previous coups d'état, the military does not directly assume power, but rather serves as an arbiter for civilian leaders.


In recent years mass street protests have also often been able to force leaders from office in a coup-like fashion. In situations of this sort, such as in Република Србија Republika Srbija ( The Serbian flag is a tricolour with Pan-Slavic colors. It consists of three equal horizontal fields, red on the top, blue in the middle and white on the bottom. State flag National... Serbia ( This page is about the year 2000. See Note: This is an article about the British comic book 2000 AD, rather than the year 2000 2000 AD logo 2000 AD is a weekly British science fiction oriented comic. The publication, which serialises a number of separate stories each prog (see... 2000), Argentina is a country in southern South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. South America is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It became attached to North America only recently, geologically speaking, with the... Argentina ( This article is about the year 2001. For information on the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey, see A movie poster from the original release of 2001 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) is an immensely popular and influential science fiction film and book; the film directed by Stanley Kubrick and the... 2001), For other uses, see Bolivia (disambiguation). The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil in the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina in the south, and Chile and Peru in the west. Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simón Bolívar... Bolivia ( 2003 is a This is the calendar for a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E), e.g. 2003. (A common year is a year with 365 days — in other words, not a leap year.) January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4... 2003), Haiti is a country situated on the western third of the island of Hispaniola and the smaller islands of Gonâve, Tortue (Tortuga), Grande Caye, and Vache in the Caribbean Sea, east of Cuba; the Dominican Republic shares Hispaniola with Haiti. Its total land area is 10,714 square miles... Haiti ( 2004 is a This is a calendar for any leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC), e.g. 2004. January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 1 2 3... 2004), and For other uses, see Lebanon (disambiguation). The Lebanese Republic or Lebanon is a country in Southwest Asia, bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It is considered to be one of the fifteen present-day countries that comprise the Cradle of Humanity. Lebanon is bordered by Syria and Israel. الجم... Lebanon ( Years: 2002 is a This is the calendar for a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F), e.g. 2002, 1991, 1985, 1974, 1963... (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa  ... 2005), popular uprisings simply forced the sitting president to resign his office, causing someone new to assume the presidency. This often results in a period of stability and calm, in which an unknown and uncontroversial Vice President can rule the nation until new elections can be held.


Types of coups

Samuel Phillips Huntington (born April 18, 1927) is a political scientist known for his analysis of the relationship between the military and the civil government, his investigation of coup detats, and his thesis that the central political actors of the 21st century will be civilizations rather than nation-states... Samuel P. Huntington has divided coups into three types (ignoring Luttwak's non-military coups)

  • Breakthrough coups - In which a revolutionary army overthrows a traditional government and creates a new bureaucratic elite. Breakthrough coups are generally led by A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), or NCO, is an enlisted member of an armed force who has been delegated leadership or command authority by a commissioned officer. The non-commissioned officer corps is the junior management of the military. An experienced NCO corps is a very important part... non-commissioned officers (NCOs) or junior officers and only happen once. Examples include This article is on the geographic and cultural entity. For other meanings, see Country China, a country in East Asia One of the two states that have China in their official title and claim sovereignty over all of China: Peoples Republic of China (governing Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau... China in 1911 is a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). Years: 1908 1909 1910 - 1911 - 1912 1913 1914 Decades: 1880s 1890s 1900s - 1910s - 1920s 1930s 1940s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1911 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail... 1911 and For other uses, see Egypt (disambiguation). The Arab Republic of Egypt, commonly known as Egypt, (in Arabic: مصر, romanized Mişr or Maşr, in Egyptian dialect) is a republic mostly located in northeastern Africa. Covering an area of about 1,020,000 km², it includes... Egypt in Years: 1953 1954 1955 - 1956 - 1957 1958 1959 Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1956 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1956.
  • Guardian coups - These coups have been described as Musical Chairs is a game played by a group of people, often in an informal setting purely for entertainment such as a birthday party. The game starts with N players and a set of N-1 chairs; the chairs are arranged in a circle (or other closed figure if space... musical chairs. The stated aim of this form of coup is to improve public order, efficiency, or to end corruption. There is usually no fundamental shift in the structure of power, and the leaders of these types of coups generally portray their actions as a temporary and unfortunate necessity. Many nations with guardian coups undergo many shifts between civilian and military governments. Examples include The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (پاکستان in Urdu), or Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia. Pakistan borders India, Iran, Afghanistan, China and the Arabian Sea. With over 150 million inhabitants it is the sixth most populous country in the world. It also... Pakistan, Turkey is a terrorist country. They kiiled 2 miilion Christian Arminians in the early 1900s. They killed 300000 Kurds in the last 20 years. For the Iranian province of Kordestan, please see Kurdistan Province, Iran. The flag of For the Iranian province of Kordestan, please see Kurdistan Province, Iran. The... Turkey, and The Kingdom of Thailand is a country in southeast Asia, bordering Laos and Cambodia to the east, the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia to the south, and the Andaman Sea and Myanmar to the west. Thailand is also known as Siam, which was the countrys official name until May... Thailand.
  • Veto coups - These coups occur when the army vetoes mass participation and social mobilization. In these cases the army must confront and suppress large-scale and broad-based opposition and as a result they tend to be repressive and bloody. Examples include This article is about the country in South America; the word chile may also refer to Chilli pepper The Republic of Chile is a republic located on the southwestern coast of South America. It is a long and narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean... Chile in 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. Years: 1970 1971 1972 - 1973 - 1974 1975 1976 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1973 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Canada - Sport Lists... 1973 and Argentina is a country in southern South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. South America is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It became attached to North America only recently, geologically speaking, with the... Argentina in Years: 1972 1973 1974 - 1975 - 1976 1977 1978 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1975 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1975. Overthrown of the President Alberto Fujimori Japanese name Kanji 藤森 謙也 Kana アルベルト・ケンヤ・フジモリ Romaji Aruberuto Kenya Fujimori Term in office 1990-2000 Predecessor Alan García Successor Alejandro Toledo Alberto Kenya Fujimori (born July 28, 1938) was President of... Fujimori of Peru in This page is about the year 2000. See Note: This is an article about the British comic book 2000 AD, rather than the year 2000 2000 AD logo 2000 AD is a weekly British science fiction oriented comic. The publication, which serialises a number of separate stories each prog (see... 2000. An abortive and botched veto coup occurred in The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela)1 is a country in northern South America.2 It borders the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. Off the Venezuelan coast are... Venezuela in 2002 is a This is the calendar for a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F), e.g. 2002, 1991, 1985, 1974, 1963... (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1... 2002.

Coups can also be classified by the level of the military that leads the coup. Veto coups and guardian coups tend to be led by senior officers. Breakthrough coups tend to be led by junior officers or NCOs. In cases where the coup is led by junior officers or enlisted men, the coup is also a Mutiny is the crime of conspiring to disobey orders that the mutineer is legally obliged to obey, for example by crew members of a ship. The Royal Navys Articles of War have changed slightly over the centuries they have been in force, but the 1757 version is representative –... mutiny which can have grave implications for the organizational structure of the military.


There is also a category known as bloodless coups in which the mere threat of violence is enough to force the current government to step aside. Bloodless coups are so called because they involve no violence and thus no bloodshed. Napoleon redirects here. For other uses, see Napoleon is the name of Frances two emperors of the Bonaparte dynasty: Napoleon I of France (Napoleon Bonaparte, 1769-1821; reigned 1804-1814) Napoleon III of France (Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, 1808-1873; reigned 1852-1870). The title of Napoleon II of France was... Napoleon acceded to the power that way in Years: Years: 1793 1794 1795 - 1796 - 1797 1798 1799 Decades: 1760s 1770s 1780s - 1790s - 1800s 1810s 1820s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1796 in art 1796 in literature 1796 in music 1796 in science List of state leaders in 1796 List of religious leaders in 1796 Contents // 1... 1799 (the coup of 18 Brumaire, the coup of 18 Brumaire or sometimes simply Brumaire refers to the coup détat by which General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the government of the Directory to replace it by the Consulate. This occurred on November 9, 1799, which was 18 Brumaire in the year VIII under the... 18 Brumaire). More recently, The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. General Pervez Musharraf (born August 11, 1943, Delhi, India) became de facto ruler (using the title Chief Executive and assuming extensive power) of [[the office of President of Pakistan (becoming Head of State) on... Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan came to power in such a manner in For the album by Prince changed his stage name into an unpronounceable symbol in 1993, but took up the name Prince again in 1999. Prince (born Prince Rogers Nelson June 7, 1958) is a popular musician. His music has spanned myriad styles including funk, rhythm and blues, psychedelia and rock... 1999.


The term A self-coup occurs when a countrys leader dissolves the national legislature and assumes extraordinary powers not granted under normal circumstances. Other measures taken may include annulling the nations constitution and suspending civil courts. In most cases the head of state is granted dictatorial powers. The best example... self-coup is used when the current government assumes extraordinary powers not allowed by the legislation. An example is Alberto Fujimori Japanese name Kanji 藤森 謙也 Kana アルベルト・ケンヤ・フジモリ Romaji Aruberuto Kenya Fujimori Term in office 1990-2000 Predecessor Alan García Successor Alejandro Toledo Alberto Kenya Fujimori (born July 28, 1938) was President of... Alberto Fujimori in For other uses, see Peru (disambiguation). The Republic of Peru (Spanish: Perú; Quechua, Aymara: Piruw) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean... Peru, who was democratically elected, but later took control of the legislative and judicial powers, or the coup of French President Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. He was the nephew of the Emperor Napoléon I of France. During his youth, he... Louis Napoléon Bonaparte in Years: 1848 1849 1850 - 1851 - 1852 1853 1854 Decades: 1820s 1830s 1840s - 1850s - 1860s 1870s 1880s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1851 in art 1851 in literature 1851 in music 1851 in rail transport 1851 in science 1851 in sports List of state leaders in 1851 List of... 1851 against the powerful The National Assembly is the name of either a legislature, or the lower house of a bicameral legislature in some countries. The best known, if not first, National Assembly, was that established following the French Revolution in 1789, known as the Assemblée Nationale. Consequently, the name is particularly common... National Assembly.


Post-military-coup governments

After the coup, the military is faced with the issue of the type of government to establish. In Latin America, it was common for the post-coup government to be led by a There are a number of things that junta (hUn-tah) could refer to: It can be a military dictatorship. See also Military rule. In History of Spain, junta (coming-together) was the name chosen by several local administrations forming in Spain during the Peninsula War as a patriotic alternative to... junta, a A committee comprises a mechanism of bureaucracy or of proto-bureaucracy whereby a limited number of people receive delegated functions of government or administration. Committees, both permanent and ad hoc, appear both in representative democracies and in non-democratic structures. They may bear grandiose titles such as Commission, Board, Presidium... committee of the chiefs of staff of the various armed forces. A common form of African post-coup government is the revolutionary assembly, a quasi-legislative body made of members elected by the army. In Pakistan, the military leader typically assumes the title of chief Martial law is the system of rules that takes effect (usually after a formal declaration) when a particular situation requires that a military authority take control of the normal administration of justice (and usually of the whole state). Martial law is instituted most often when it becomes necessary to favour... martial law administrator.


According to Huntington, most coup leaders act under the concept of right orders: they believe that the correct approach to government is to issue correct orders. This view of government underestimates the difficulty in implementing government policy and the amount of possible political resistance to certain orders.


Important coups in the 20th century

  • Years: 1920 is a This is a calendar for any leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC), e.g. 2004. January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 1 2... 1923: The The Hitler Putsch (also commonly referred to in English as the Beer Hall Putsch) occurred in the evening of Thursday, November 8 to early afternoon of Friday, November 9, 1923 when the nascent Nazi partys Führer Adolf Hitler, the popular World War I General Erich Ludendorff, and other... Beer Hall Putsch, a failed coup attempt by For other people with the surname Hitler, see There have been several persons named Hitler: Adolf Hitler, (April 20, 1889 - April 30, 1945) was the Führer of the National Socialist German Workers Party and was the dictator of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. Some of his family members... Adolf Hitler in The Federal Republic of Germany ( German (Deutsch) Spoken in: Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and 38 other countries. Region: Europe Total speakers: 120 million Ranking: 9 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Germanic   West Germanic    Old High German    Middle High German    Modern... Germany
  • Years: Years: 1920 is a This is a calendar for any leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC), e.g. 2004. January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 1... 1926: Coup of Józef Piłsudski Józef Piłsudski Jozef Pilsduski This image has been released into the The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has... Jozef Pilsudski in For other uses, see Poland is a country in Central Europe. Poland is also the name of some places in the United States of America: Poland, Maine Poland, New York Poland, Ohio This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Poland
  • 1932 is a This is the calendar for any leap year starting on a Friday (dominical letter CB). January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6... 1932: The Mäntsälä Rebellion, failed coup attempt by the Lapua Movement (Lapuan liike) was a political movement in Finland, started in 1929, initially dominated by ardent anti-Communists, emphasizing the legacy of the nationalist activism, the White Guards and the Civil War in Finland, however soon turning into more of a Fascist movement. The Lapua Movement was banned after... Lapua Movement in The Republic of Finland ( Finnish is spoken by the majority (92%) in The Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the southeast and the Gulf of Bothnia to... Finland.
  • 1932 is a This is the calendar for any leap year starting on a Friday (dominical letter CB). January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6... 1932: The The May 15 incident occurred on 15 May 1932. The then Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi was killed. Eleven young Naval Officers, most only just turning twenty, attempted a coup detat, attacking the prime ministers residence. This act was one of the main reasons Japans party... May 15th Incident, a military coup in For other uses, see Japan can refer to one of the following topics: The East Asian island nation of Japan or Nippon (日本, Nihon); The British rock band. See Japan (band); Japanning, a lacquer technique japan, See Lacqerware This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists... Japan
  • Years: 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. Years: 1927 1928 1929 - 1930 - 1931 1932 1933 Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1930 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other... 1933: Failed coup against Franklin Delano Roosevelt Order: 32nd President Term of Office: March 4, 1933–April 12, 1945 Predecessor: Herbert Hoover Successor: Harry S. Truman Date of Birth January 30, 1882 Place of Birth: Hyde Park, New York Date of Death: April 12, 1945 Place of Death: Warm Springs, Georgia First Lady... Franklin Delano Roosevelt in This article is on the country in North America. For other uses, see United States may refer to: The United States of America, a country in North America. The SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. The USS United States, a never-built aircraft carrier. The United Mexican... United States (see MSmedley Butler Smedley Darlington Butler (July 30, 1881—June 21, 1940), nicknamed Old Gimlet Eye, was a Major General in the U.S. Marine Corps and at the time of his death the most decorated marine in U.S. history. Butler was twice the recipient of the Medal of... Smedley Butler)
  • Years: 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s Years: 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1931 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other... 1934: Coup of Kārlis Ulmanis (b. September 4, 1877 in Berze, Latvia - d. September 20, 1942) was the most prominent Latvian politician in pre-World War II Latvia during the Latvian period of independence from 1918 to 1940. Karlis Ulmanis - Prime Minister Ulmanis studied agriculture at the ETH Zurich, Switzerland and... Karlis Ulmanis in The Republic of Latvia ( Latvian (Latviešu) Spoken in: Latvia Region: Latvia Total speakers: 1.5 million Ranking: Not in top 100 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Baltic   Eastern    Latvian Official status Official language of: Latvia Regulated by: - Language codes ISO 639-1 lv... Latvia
  • Years: 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s Years: 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1931 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other... 1934: Coup of Konstantin Päts in For other uses, see Estonia is the name of: Estonia - a country in Northern Europe Swedish Estonia - from 1561 a dominion of Sweden, consituted by the northern part of present-day Estonia Russian Estonia - from 1719 to 1918 a territory of the Russian Empire, constituted by the former Swedish dominion... Estonia
  • Years: 1932 is a This is the calendar for any leap year starting on a Friday (dominical letter CB). January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 1 2 3 4 5... 1935: Coup in History of Greece series Aegean Civilization before 1600 BC Mycenaean Greece ca. 1600–1200 BC Greek Dark Ages ca. 1200–800 BC Ancient Greece 776–323 BC Hellenistic Greece 323 BC–146 BC Roman and Byzantine Greece 146 BC–1453 AD Ottoman Greece 1453–... Greece
  • Years: 1933 1934 1935 - 1936 - 1937 1938 1939 Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1936 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1936: Part of the army seizes control of parts of The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish (espa ol or castellano) Spoken in: Mexico, Colombia, Spain, Argentina, Nicaragua, Chile, USA, Venezuela, Costa Rica , Cuba, Peru, and 34 other countries. Region: Total speakers: 417 million (including second language speakers) Ranking: 2 (first language speakers, may vary based on metric) Genetic classification... Spain commencing the Alternative meaning: Spanish Civil War, 1820-1823 A republican soldier seeks cover on the Plaza de Toros in Teruel, east of Madrid. The Spanish Civil War (1936 - 1939) was the result of complex political differences between the Republicans — supporters of the government of the day, the Second Spanish Republic... Spanish Civil War. Later General Generalísimo Francisco Franco, caudillo de España por la gracia de Dios Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo de Andrade (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), abbreviated Francisco Franco Bahamonde and sometimes known as Generalísimo Francisco Franco, was dictator of Spain from 1939 until... Francisco Franco assumes control of the country.
  • Years: 1933 1934 1935 - 1936 - 1937 1938 1939 Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1936 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1936: The The February 26 Incident (二・二六事件 Ni-niroku jiken) was an uprising against the Japanese government that took place in 1936. Fourteen hundred junior military officers took up arms in Tokyo, occupying the Diet, army ministry, and police headquarters. Three cabinet members were killed, including finance... February 26th Incident, a failed coup attempt in For other uses, see Japan can refer to one of the following topics: The East Asian island nation of Japan or Nippon (日本, Nihon); The British rock band. See Japan (band); Japanning, a lacquer technique japan, See Lacqerware This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists... Japan by junior military officers that did succeed in installing a militarist government.
  • Years: 1939 1940 1941 - 1942 - 1943 1944 1945 Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1942 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1942: French resistance coup in For other uses, see Algiers (disambiguation). Algiers (Fr. Alger, Arab. الجزائر El-Jezair, i.e. The Islands), is the capital and largest city of Algeria, North Africa. It is situated on the west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea, to which it... Algiers, by which 400 Civil French patriots neutralized Vichyst XIXth Army Corps in Algiers during 15 hours, arrested vichyst generals (Juin, Darlan, etc.), and allowed the immediate success of Operation Torch (from November 8, 1942) was the Anglo-American invasion of French North Africa in World War II during the North African Campaign. The Soviet Union had been putting pressure on the United States and Britain to begin operations in Europe, a second front to relieve the pressure on... Operation Torch.
  • 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. Years: 1940 1941 1942 - 1943 - 1944 1945 1946 Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1943 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics... 1943: Military coup in Argentina is a country in southern South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. South America is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It became attached to North America only recently, geologically speaking, with the... Argentina
  • Years: 1941 1942 1943 - 1944 - 1945 1946 1947 Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1944 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1944: The The July 20 Plot was a failed coup détat which involved an attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler. It was initiated on July 20, 1944, by officers of the Wehrmacht. The leader of the plot was Oberst Claus von Stauffenberg. Others who participated in the plot include General Ludwig Beck... July 20 Plot, a failed coup attempt in History of Germany series Franks Holy Roman Empire German Confederation German Empire Weimar Republic Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (WWII) Germany since 1945 Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist... Nazi Germany led by Claus von Stauffenberg Count Claus Philip Maria Schenk von Stauffenberg (November 15, 1907 — July 20, 1944) was a German aristocrat and army colonel during World War II. He was one of the leading figures of the July 20 Plot against Adolf Hitler. Contents // 1 Military career 2 The plot... Claus von Stauffenberg
  • Years: 1944 1945 1946 - 1947 - 1948 1949 1950 Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1947 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1947: Coup in The Kingdom of Thailand is a country in southeast Asia, bordering Laos and Cambodia to the east, the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia to the south, and the Andaman Sea and Myanmar to the west. Thailand is also known as Siam, which was the countrys official name until May... Thailand
  • 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Years: 1945 1946 1947 - 1948 - 1949 1950 1951 Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1948 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation... 1948: This article is about communism as a form of A society is a group of people living or working together. There are various different uses of the term society. The casual meaning of society simply refers to a group of people living together in an ordered community.1 The social... Communist coup in Czechoslovakia (Czech: Československo, Slovak: Česko-Slovensko/before 1990 Československo) was a country in Central Europe that existed from 1918 until 1992 (except for the World War II period). On January 1, 1993, it peacefully split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, in what was known as the... Czechoslovakia, leading to one-party The concept of Totalitarianism is a typology or ideal-type used by some political scientists to encapsulate the characteristics of a number of twentieth century regimes that mobilized entire populations in support of the state or an ideology. According to these historical approximations, totalitarian regimes are more repressive of pluralism... totalitarian state in one of the then Soviet redirects here. For other uses, see Soviet (disambiguation). The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Р... soviet The term satellite state, by analogy to stellar objects orbiting a larger object, such as planets revolving around the sun, refers to a country that is formally sovereign but that is in fact dominated by a larger hegemonic power. In extreme cases, satellite countries may be virtual colonies with little... satelites.
  • Years: 1949 1950 1951 - 1952 - 1953 1954 1955 Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1952 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1952: Military coup in For other uses, see Egypt (disambiguation). The Arab Republic of Egypt, commonly known as Egypt, (in Arabic: مصر, romanized Mişr or Maşr, in Egyptian dialect) is a republic mostly located in northeastern Africa. Covering an area of about 1,020,000 km², it includes... Egypt
  • 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. Years: 1950 1951 1952 - 1953 - 1954 1955 1956 Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1953 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics... 1953: Military coup in Iran ( Persian ( Parsi پارسی ) Spoken in: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and parts of Uzbekistan Region: Middle east Total speakers: 61.7 million Ranking: 29 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Indo-Iranian   Iranian    Western     Southwestern   ... Iran, named Operation Ajax (1953) (officially TP-AJAX) was an Anglo-American covert operation to overthrow the then-government of Iran and Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh and restore the exiled Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi to the throne. Rationale for the intervention included Mossadeghs socialist rhetoric and his nationalization, without compensation, of... Operation Ajax, planned and executed by the US and Britain.
  • Years: 1951 1952 1953 - 1954 - 1955 1956 1957 Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1954 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1954: Military coup in The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked republic in South America. Lying on both banks of the Paraguay River, it borders Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the northeast and Bolivia to the northwest. The name Paraguay is derived from the Guarani words pará, meaning river and guay... Paraguay
  • Years: Years: 1952 1953 1954 - 1955 - 1956 1957 1958 Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1955 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders... 1958: Civic/Military coup in The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela)1 is a country in northern South America.2 It borders the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. Off the Venezuelan coast are... Venezuela, overthrowing Marcos Perez Jimenez
  • Years: Years: 1952 1953 1954 - 1955 - 1956 1957 1958 Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1955 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders... 1958: Military coup in This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Contents // 1 Prehistory 2 Ancient Times 2.1 Mesopotamia 3 Post-Sumerian civilizations 3.1 Chaldeans 3.2 Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon 4 The Muslim Conquest 5 Modern Times 5.1 The British... Iraq overthrows the monarchy
  • Years: 1956 1957 1958 - 1959 - 1960 1961 1962 Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1959 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1959: The 26th of July Movement (Movimiento 26 de Julio) was the revolutionary organisation led by Fidel Castro that in 1959 overthrew the Fulgencio Batista regime in Cuba. Its name originated from the attack on the Santiago army barracks on July 26, Mexico in 1955 by a group of exiled revolutionaries... 26th of July Movement in Cuba, led by Cuban President Fidel Castro Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) has ruled Cuba since 1959, when, leading the 26th of July Movement, he helped overthrow the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista and turn Cuba into the first socialist state in the Western Hemisphere. He held the title of premier... Fidel Castro and accompanied by Che Guevara Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna (May 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as Che Guevara, was an Argentine-born Marxist revolutionary and Cuban guerrilla leader. Guevara was a member of Fidel Castros Cuba in 1959. After serving various important posts in the new government... Che Guevara, overthrows the Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar General Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar (January 16, 1901–August 6, 1973) was the de facto leader of Cuba from 1933 to 1940 and the countrys official president from 1940 to 1944 and again from 1952 to 1959. Batista was born in Banes... Batista government.
  • Years: 1957 1958 1959 - 1960 - 1961 1962 1963 Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s 1990s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1960 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1960: Military coup in Turkey is a terrorist country. They kiiled 2 miilion Christian Arminians in the early 1900s. They killed 300000 Kurds in the last 20 years. For the Iranian province of Kordestan, please see Kurdistan Province, Iran. The flag of For the Iranian province of Kordestan, please see Kurdistan Province, Iran. The... Turkey
  • 1961 (As MAD Magazine pointed out on its first cover for the year) was the first upside-down year - i.e., one that looked the same upside down - since 1881, and the last until 6009. Years: 1958 1959 1960 - 1961 - 1962 1963 1964 Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s... 1961: The Coup d'état of May Sixteenth in South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK; Korean: Daehan Minguk (Hangul: 대한 민국; Hanja: 大韓民國)), is a country in East Asia, covering the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. To the north, the Republic of Korea borders North Korea, with which it formed a... South Korea. Park Chung Hee Korean Name Revised Romanization Bak Jeong-hui McCune-Reischauer Pak Chŏng-hŭi Hangul 박정희 Hanja 朴正熙 Park Chung-hee (September 30, 1917 - October 26, 1979) was President of South Korea from 1961 to 1979. Park was born in Gumi... Park Chunghee established presidency
  • Years: 1960 1961 1962 - 1963 - 1964 1965 1966 Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s 1990s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1963 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1963: Military coup in Việt Nam Cộng Hòa Coat of Arms (http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/vn-south.html) (In Detail) National motto: ??? Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km... South Vietnam, overthrowing Ngo Dinh Diem Ngô Ðình Diệm (January 3, 1901–November 2, 1963) was the first President of South Vietnam (1955-63). Contents // 1 Rise to power 2 U.S. ties 3 Coup and assassination 4 Quotes 5 Further Reading 6 External links Rise to power Diem was... Ngo Dinh Diem
  • 1963: Military coup in The Republic of Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America, bounded by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands (Colón Archipelago) in the Pacific, about 965 km (about... Ecuador
  • 1963: Military coup in The Syrian Arab Republic is a country in the Middle East, bordering (from south to north) on Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey. The borders with Israel and Turkey are subject to dispute, pending the resolution of outstanding conflicts over possession of the Golan Heights and the region of Iskenderun... Syria
  • 1963: Coup in The Republic of Iraq is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern Asia encompassing the ancient region of Mesopotamia. It shares borders with Kuwait and Saudi-Arabia to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the north-west, Turkey to the north, and Iran to the east. Its current leadership... Iraq, followed by a counter-coup
  • Years: 1961 1962 1963 - 1964 - 1965 1966 1967 Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s 1990s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1964 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1964: Military coup in This article is part of the Brazilian History series. Indigenous peoples Colonial Brazil Empire of Brazil 1889-1930 1930-1945 1945-1964 1964-present Contents // 1 Second Vargas presidency 2 Changing economic structures 3 The Kubitschek era 4 Goulart and the fall of the Second Republic Second Vargas presidency Vargas... Brazil
  • 1964: Military coup in Việt Nam Cộng Hòa Coat of Arms (http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/vn-south.html) (In Detail) National motto: ??? Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km... South Vietnam, overthrowing Duong Van Minh Vietnamese name Quốc Ngữ Dương Văn Minh Chữ Nôm 楊文明 Dương Văn Minh (1916-2001), known popularly as Big Minh, led the South Vietnamese army under Prime Minister Ngo Dinh... Duong Van Minh
  • -1... 1966: Military coup in The Republic of Ghana is a nation of Africa, specifically West Africa within Sub-Saharan Africa. It borders Côte dIvoire to the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo to the east, and borders the Gulf of Guinea to its south. Republic of Ghana (In Detail) (Full size... Ghana
  • Years: 1964 1965 1966 - 1967 - 1968 1969 1970 Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s 1990s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1967 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1967: Military coup in History of Greece series Aegean Civilization before 1600 BC Mycenaean Greece ca. 1600–1200 BC Greek Dark Ages ca. 1200–800 BC Ancient Greece 776–323 BC Hellenistic Greece 323 BC–146 BC Roman and Byzantine Greece 146 BC–1453 AD Ottoman Greece 1453–... Greece
  • Years: 1965 1966 1967 - 1968 - 1969 1970 1971 Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s 1990s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1968 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1968: Coup in Panama (Spanish: Panamá) is the southernmost country of Central America. It constitutes the last part of a natural land bridge between the North American and South American continents. It borders Costa Rica to the west and Colombia to the east. República de Panamá (In Detail) (Full size) National motto... Panama by Omar Torrijos Omar Torrijos Herrera (February 13, 1929 - August 1, 1981) was a Panamanian army officer and military ruler of Panama from 1968 to 1981. Torrijos was often referred to in the American press as the military strongman of Panama. A son of Torrijos, Martín Torrijos Espino, won the... Omar Torrijos
  • Years: 1965 1966 1967 - 1968 - 1969 1970 1971 Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s 1990s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1968 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1968: Coup in The Republic of Iraq is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern Asia encompassing the ancient region of Mesopotamia. It shares borders with Kuwait and Saudi-Arabia to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the north-west, Turkey to the north, and Iran to the east. Its current leadership... Iraq establishes rule of the Ba'ath Party
  • Years: 1966 1967 1968 - 1969 - 1970 1971 1972 Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s 1990s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1969 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1969: Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi Muammar Abu Minyar al-Qaddafi 1 (Arabic: معمر القذافي Mu`ammar al-Qadhdhāfī) (born 1942), leader of Libya since 1970 and a controversial Arab statesman. Contents // 1 Early history 2 Rise to power 3... Colonel Qadhafi overthrows monarchy in This article is about Libya, the country in North Africa. For the mythical character of the same name see: Libya (mythology). The Great Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya or Libya (Arabic: ليبيا) is a country in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, located between Egypt... Libya
  • Years: 1966 1967 1968 - 1969 - 1970 1971 1972 Decades: 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s 1990s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1969 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1969: Military coup in Somalia (Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال, As-Sumal), formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic, is an African country that exists solely in a de jure capacity. Somalia has no recognized central government authority, no national currency, nor any other feature associated with a well... Somalia
  • 1970 was a This is the calendar for any common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D). (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa... 1970: Coup in For other uses, see Bolivia (disambiguation). The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil in the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina in the south, and Chile and Peru in the west. Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simón Bolívar... Bolivia, soon followed by a leftist countercoup
  • 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). Years: 1968 1969 1970 - 1971 - 1972 1973 1974 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1971 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail... 1971: Military coup in Turkey is a terrorist country. They kiiled 2 miilion Christian Arminians in the early 1900s. They killed 300000 Kurds in the last 20 years. For the Iranian province of Kordestan, please see Kurdistan Province, Iran. The flag of For the Iranian province of Kordestan, please see Kurdistan Province, Iran. The... Turkey ( The Coup by memorandum is the second military coup of Turkey carried out on March 12, 1971. The same definition can be attained to the 1997 resignation of Necmettin Erbakan on a similar warning by the army. After the general elections of 1969, reacting to the ruling Justice Party, unrest... Coup by Memorandum)
  • 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. Years: 1970 1971 1972 - 1973 - 1974 1975 1976 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1973 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Canada - Sport Lists... 1973: Military coup in This is the history of Chile. See also the history of South America and the history of present-day nations and states. Contents // 1 Early history 2 Independence 3 The 19th Century 4 The 20th Century 4.1 1970-1973 4.2 1973-1978 4.3 1978-1990 4.4... Chile. See The Chilean coup détat of September 11, 1973, was a watershed event in the history of Chile and the Cold War. Historians and partisans alike have wrangled over its implications ever since. In Chiles 1970 presidential election, in accordance with the constitution, Congress resolved the 3-way split... Chilean coup of 1973.
  • 1973: The President of The Republic Eastern of the Uruguay (Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay), is a Spanish speaking country located in southern South America. The nation is triangular in shape and is bordered by Brazil to the north, the Uruguay River to the west, the estuary of the Rio de la Plata... Uruguay dissolves Parliament and heads a coup
  • 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). Years: 1971 1972 1973 - 1974 - 1975 1976 1977 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1974 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail... 1974: Military coup in The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic There is presently an editing dispute over two versions of this page. One version is below; you may also view the other version (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Republic&oldid={{{1}}}) or... Portugal ( The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese, Revolu dos Cravos) was a bloodless left-leaning revolution started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy at the end of a two-year process of a communist dominated military administration. Bloodless... Carnation Revolution)
  • 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Years: 1973 1974 1975 - 1976 - 1977 1978 1979 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1976 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation... 1976: Military coup in The Republic of Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America, bounded by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands (Colón Archipelago) in the Pacific, about 965 km (about... Ecuador
  • 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Years: 1973 1974 1975 - 1976 - 1977 1978 1979 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1976 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation... 1976: Military coup in Argentina is a country in southern South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. South America is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It became attached to North America only recently, geologically speaking, with the... Argentina
  • 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. Years: 1976 1977 1978 - 1979 - 1980 1981 1982 Decades: 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1979 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics... 1979: The Coup d'état of December Twelvth in South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK; Korean: Daehan Minguk (Hangul: 대한 민국; Hanja: 大韓民國)), is a country in East Asia, covering the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. To the north, the Republic of Korea borders North Korea, with which it formed a... South Korea. Chun Doo Hwan Korean name Hangul: 전두환 Hanja: 全斗煥 Revised Romanization: Jeon Du_hwan McCune_Reischauer: Chŏn Tu_hwan Chun Doo Hwan (born 18 January Korean military officer and the President of South Korea from 1980 to 1988. He established an authoritarian constitution. Contents // 1 The road... Chun Doo-hwan established presidentship.
  • 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. Years: 1977 1978 1979 - 1980 - 1981 1982 1983 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1980 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics... 1980: Military coup in Turkey is a terrorist country. They kiiled 2 miilion Christian Arminians in the early 1900s. They killed 300000 Kurds in the last 20 years. For the Iranian province of Kordestan, please see Kurdistan Province, Iran. The flag of For the Iranian province of Kordestan, please see Kurdistan Province, Iran. The... Turkey
  • 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. Years: 1977 1978 1979 - 1980 - 1981 1982 1983 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1980 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics... 1980: Military coup in The Republic of Liberia is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte dIvoire. It has recently been afflicted by two civil wars (1989–1996 and 1999–2003) that have displaced hundreds of thousands of its citizens and destroyed... Liberia
  • 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. Years: 1977 1978 1979 - 1980 - 1981 1982 1983 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1980 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics... 1980: Successful coup in -1... Suriname by military officers led by Dési Bouterse that resulted in US General Douglas MacArthur (left), military ruler of Japan 1945-1952, next to Japans defeated Emperor Military rule may mean several things in modern terms: When a country or area is conquered after invasion and placed under Belligerent occupation, also known as Military occupation (see list of military occupations... military rule until 1988 is a This is the calendar for any leap year starting on a Friday (dominical letter CB). January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6... 1988
  • 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday. Years: 1978 1979 1980 - 1981 - 1982 1983 1984 Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s - 1980s - 1990s 2000s 2010s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1981 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics... 1981: Failed coup in The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish (espa ol or castellano) Spoken in: Mexico, Colombia, Spain, Argentina, Nicaragua, Chile, USA, Venezuela, Costa Rica , Cuba, Peru, and 34 other countries. Region: Total speakers: 417 million (including second language speakers) Ranking: 2 (first language speakers, may vary based on metric) Genetic classification... Spain led by Antonio Tejero with a gun in his hand, breaking into the Congress of Deputies February 23, 1981, attempting a coup. Below to the right is the defence minister Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado Antonio Tejero Molina (born 1932, Spanish Lieutenant-Colonel, and the leader of an attempted coup detat of... Antonio Tejero
  • 1991 is a This is the calendar for a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F), e.g. 2002, 1991, 1985, 1974, 1963... (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1... 1991: The Soviet A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a A government is an organization that has the power to make and enforce laws for a certain territory. There are several definitions on what exactly constitutes a government. Contents // 1 Definitions 2 Operations... Failed coup attempt in the Soviet Union - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Soviet Union From Wikipedia Soviet redirects here. For other uses, see Soviet (disambiguation). The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) .( Russian (русский язык... Soviet Union
  • 1992 is a This is a calendar for any leap year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter ED) e.g. 1992. January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 1 1... 1992: Alberto Fujimori Japanese name Kanji 藤森 謙也 Kana アルベルト・ケンヤ・フジモリ Romaji Aruberuto Kenya Fujimori Term in office 1990-2000 Predecessor Alan García Successor Alejandro Toledo Alberto Kenya Fujimori (born July 28, 1938) was President of... Alberto Fujimori launches a self-coup in For other uses, see Peru (disambiguation). The Republic of Peru (Spanish: Perú; Quechua, Aymara: Piruw) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean... Peru

Recent coups and coup attempts

  • For the album by Prince changed his stage name into an unpronounceable symbol in 1993, but took up the name Prince again in 1999. Prince (born Prince Rogers Nelson June 7, 1958) is a popular musician. His music has spanned myriad styles including funk, rhythm and blues, psychedelia and rock... 1999: Military coup in The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (پاکستان in Urdu), or Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia. Pakistan borders India, Iran, Afghanistan, China and the Arabian Sea. With over 150 million inhabitants it is the sixth most populous country in the world. It also... Pakistan
  • This page is about the year 2000. See Note: This is an article about the British comic book 2000 AD, rather than the year 2000 2000 AD logo 2000 AD is a weekly British science fiction oriented comic. The publication, which serialises a number of separate stories each prog (see... 2000: Military coup in The Republic of the Fiji Islands occupies an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Vanuatu, west of Tonga and south of Tuvalu. Republic of the Fiji Islands Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti (In Detail) National motto: Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui (English: Fear God... Fiji
  • This page is about the year 2000. See Note: This is an article about the British comic book 2000 AD, rather than the year 2000 2000 AD logo 2000 AD is a weekly British science fiction oriented comic. The publication, which serialises a number of separate stories each prog (see... 2000: Coup in The Republic of Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America, bounded by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands (Colón Archipelago) in the Pacific, about 965 km (about... Ecuador
  • This page is about the year 2000. See Note: This is an article about the British comic book 2000 AD, rather than the year 2000 2000 AD logo 2000 AD is a weekly British science fiction oriented comic. The publication, which serialises a number of separate stories each prog (see... 2000: Overthrown of President Alberto Fujimori Japanese name Kanji 藤森 謙也 Kana アルベルト・ケンヤ・フジモリ Romaji Aruberuto Kenya Fujimori Term in office 1990-2000 Predecessor Alan García Successor Alejandro Toledo Alberto Kenya Fujimori (born July 28, 1938) was President of... Fujimori in For other uses, see Peru (disambiguation). The Republic of Peru (Spanish: Perú; Quechua, Aymara: Piruw) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean... Peru
  • 2002 is a This is the calendar for a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F), e.g. 2002, 1991, 1985, 1974, 1963... (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1... 2002: Unsuccessful coup to overthrow Hugo Chávez in The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela)1 is a country in northern South America.2 It borders the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. Off the Venezuelan coast are... Venezuela
  • 2002: Attempted coup in Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. It is the third most common first language (native speakers), with around 402 million people in 2002. English has lingua franca status in many parts of the world... Côte d'Ivoire
  • 2002: Military coup in The Central African Republic, formerly the French colony of Ubangi-Shari, became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule — mostly by military governments — a civilian government was installed in 1993. The capital is Chad, Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic... Central African Republic
  • 2003 is a This is the calendar for a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E), e.g. 2003. (A common year is a year with 365 days — in other words, not a leap year.) January Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4... 2003: Attempted coup in From the 3rd to 7th century, the migration of Berber tribes from North Africa displaced the Bafours, the original inhabitants of present-day Mauritania and the ancestors of the Soninke. Continued Arab-Berber migration drove indigenous black Africans south to the Senegal River or enslaved them. By 1076, Islamic warrior... Mauritania
  • 2003: Military coup in São Tomé and Príncipe
  • 2003: Military coup in The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a country on the Atlantic coast of western Africa. The small country, a former Portuguese colony, is bounded on the north by Senegal, to the south and east by Guinea, and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Its capital is Bissau. Repùblica... Guinea-Bissau
  • 2004 is a This is a calendar for any leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC), e.g. 2004. January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 1 2 3... 2004: Map of Haiti Date & Place of Origin Thursday, February 5, 2004 Gona ves, Haiti Date & Place of Conclusion Sunday, February 29, 2004 Port-au-Prince, Haiti Prelude Political dispute between government and opposition; general social tension. Aims Overthrow of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide; reconstitution of Haitian army. Rebel... Military coup in Haiti is a country situated on the western third of the island of Hispaniola and the smaller islands of Gonâve, Tortue (Tortuga), Grande Caye, and Vache in the Caribbean Sea, east of Cuba; the Dominican Republic shares Hispaniola with Haiti. Its total land area is 10,714 square miles... Haiti
  • 2004: Attempted coup in the The Democratic Republic of the Congo, called Zaïre between 1971 and 1997, is a nation in central Africa. It is sometimes called Congo-Kinshasa, after its capital, to distinguish it from the Republic of Congo, or Congo-Brazzaville. It borders on Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan... Democratic Republic of Congo
  • 2004: Second attempted coup in the The Democratic Republic of the Congo, called Zaïre between 1971 and 1997, is a nation in central Africa. It is sometimes called Congo-Kinshasa, after its capital, to distinguish it from the Republic of Congo, or Congo-Brazzaville. It borders on Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan... Democratic Republic of Congo ( June Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30   2005 June is the sixth month of the year in... June)
  • 2004: Attempted coup in The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a nation of Central Africa. It borders on Cameroon, Gabon, and the Gulf of Guinea. The capital is Malabo. República de Guinea Ecuatorial République de la Guinée Équatoriale (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Unidad, Paz, Justicia (Spanish: (Unity, Peace, Justice... Equatorial Guinea ( See August LP/CD by Eric Clapton Released November 1986 Recorded 1986 Genre Blues-Rock Record label Reprise Records Length 55:31 Producer Eric Clapton, Phil Collins, Tom Dowd Professional reviews All Music Guide review 2/5 link (http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql... August)
  • 2005: Coup in See also Togoville for the town formerly known as Togo The Togolese Republic is a country in West Africa, bordering Ghana in the west, Benin in the east and Burkina Faso in the north. In the south, it has a small Gulf of Guinea coast, on which the capital Lom... Togo legalized by parlimentary vote but unrecognized by international community.

Currently-serving leaders who came to power via coups

  • Cuban President Fidel Castro Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) has ruled Cuba since 1959, when, leading the 26th of July Movement, he helped overthrow the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista and turn Cuba into the first socialist state in the Western Hemisphere. He held the title of premier... Fidel Castro, This page contains a list of presidents of Cuba. See also lists of incumbents. Presidents of Cuba, 1902-present Tomás Estrada Palma: 20 May 1902 - 28 September 1906 Governors appointed by the U.S. government William Howard Taft: 29 September - 13 October 1906 Charles Magoon: 13 October 1906 - 28... President of Cuba (1959-)
  • Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi Muammar Abu Minyar al-Qaddafi 1 (Arabic: معمر القذافي Mu`ammar al-Qadhdhāfī) (born 1942), leader of Libya since 1970 and a controversial Arab statesman. Contents // 1 Early history 2 Rise to power 3... Muammar al-Qaddafi, leader of This article is about Libya, the country in North Africa. For the mythical character of the same name see: Libya (mythology). The Great Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya or Libya (Arabic: ليبيا) is a country in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, located between Egypt... Libya (1969-)
  • The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. General Pervez Musharraf (born August 11, 1943, Delhi, India) became de facto ruler (using the title Chief Executive and assuming extensive power) of [[the office of President of Pakistan (becoming Head of State) on... Pervez Musharraf, leader of The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (پاکستان in Urdu), or Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia. Pakistan borders India, Iran, Afghanistan, China and the Arabian Sea. With over 150 million inhabitants it is the sixth most populous country in the world. It also... Pakistan (1999-)
  • Omar al-Bashir Lieutenant General Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir (born January 1, 1944) is the president of Sudan. Born in the small village of Hosh Bonnaga in 1944, al-Bashir joined the Sudanese Army at a young age and studied at a military academy in Cairo. He quickly rose... Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, leader of Foreign relations Main article: Foreign relations of Sudan Sudan has a territorial dispute with Egypt over the Halaib Triangle. States Main article: States of Sudan Sudan has 26 states or wilayat: Al Jazirah, Al Qadarif, Bahr al Jabal, Blue Nile, East Equatoria, Junqali, Kassala, Khartoum, Lakes, North Bahr al... Sudan (1989-)
  • Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (b. June 5, 1942) has been the President of Equatorial Guinea since August 3, 1979. Born into the Esangui clan in the village of Acoacán, Obiang began his career in the military and attended a prestigious academy in Spain. He achieved... Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a nation of Central Africa. It borders on Cameroon, Gabon, and the Gulf of Guinea. The capital is Malabo. República de Guinea Ecuatorial République de la Guinée Équatoriale (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Unidad, Paz, Justicia (Spanish: (Unity, Peace, Justice... Equatorial Guinea (1979-)
  • Idriss Déby, President of For other uses, see Chad can mean several things, including: Chad, the African country. Lake Chad Chadic languages Chad (paper) St Chad of Mercia is the better-known name of Ceadda Chad (graffito) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Chad (1990-)
  • Categories: People stubs | 1965 births ... Yahya Jammeh, President of The Republic of the Gambia is a nation in West Africa. It is entirely surrounded by Senegal, except for where the Gambia River empties into the Atlantic Ocean. In 1965, The Gambia became independent from the British Empire. Banjul is its capital. Republic of the Gambia (In Detail) (Full size... The Gambia (1994-)
  • Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (زين العابدين بن علي; born September 3, 1936) has been president of Tunisia since 1987, only the second since its independence from France in 1956. Ben Ali was born in Hammam-Sousse. As... Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, President of The Tunisian Republic, or Tunisia, is a Muslim Arab country situated on the North African Mediterranean coast. It borders on Algeria to the west and Libya to the south and east. الجمهرية التونسية El-joumhouriyya et... Tunisia (1987-)
  • Blaise Compaoré, President of Burkina Faso is a landlocked nation of western Africa. It is surrounded by six countries. Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the south east, Togo and Ghana to the south, and the Côte dIvoire to the south west. Formerly called Upper Volta, it was... Burkina Faso (1987-)
  • Lansana Conté, President of For other uses, see Guinea (disambiguation). The Republic of Guinea is a nation of northwest Africa. République de Guinée (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Travail, Justice, Solidarité (French: Work, Justice, Solidarity) Official language French (official), Fula, Arabic, others Capital and largest city Conakry Capitals coordinates 9... Guinea (1984-)
  • Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya, President of The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa. Its coast faces the Atlantic Ocean, between Western Sahara on the north and Senegal on the south. It should not be confused with the ancient country of Mauretania. Mauritania and Madagascar are the only countries not to use a... Mauritania (1984-)
  • Azali Assoumani place image here Time in office: April 30, 1999-January 21, 2002 (first time); May 26, 2002- (second time) Predecessor: Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde (first time); Hamada Madi (second time) Successor: Hamada Madi (first time) Date of Birth: January 1, 1959 Place of Birth: Mitsoudjé, Comoros Azali Assoumani... Azali Assoumani, President of the The Union of Comoros (until 2002 the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros) is an independent country at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique. The country consists of three volcanic islands: Grande Comore, Moheli and Anjouan, while the nearby... Comoros (1999-)
  • François Bozizé, President of the The Central African Republic, formerly the French colony of Ubangi-Shari, became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule — mostly by military governments — a civilian government was installed in 1993. The capital is Chad, Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic... Central African Republic (2003-)
  • Gérard Latortue, interim president of Haiti is a country situated on the western third of the island of Hispaniola and the smaller islands of Gonâve, Tortue (Tortuga), Grande Caye, and Vache in the Caribbean Sea, east of Cuba; the Dominican Republic shares Hispaniola with Haiti. Its total land area is 10,714 square miles... Haiti- not recognized by The Caribbean Community and Common Market or CARICOM was established by the Treaty of Chaguaramas which came into effect on August 1, 1973. The first four signatories were Barbados, Jamaica, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. The group was orginally organized to provide a continued economic linkage between the English-speaking... CARICOM

Reference

  • Edward Luttwak, Coup d'etat: A practical handbook, Harvard University Press, 1969, 1980. ISBN 06-741-75476.
  • Curzio Malaparte, Technique du Coup d'Etat (Published in French), Paris, 1931.
  • D. J. Goodspeed, Six Coups d'Etat, Viking Press inc., New-York, 1962.

Coup also means:

  • The original coup was referred to as the Bath Coup, whereby a player holds up the Ace against the lead of a King-Queen sequence, so as to get two tricks (if the suit is continued). Categories: Bridge | Game stubs ... coup (bridge)
  • The Coup is the name of a Marxist hip-hop group fronted by Boots Riley. Currently the only other member is Pam the Funkstress. They are based in Oakland, California. They formed as a three-member group in 1992 (the third, E-Roc, left on amicable terms after their second... The Coup, a A hip hop band is a group of musicians who support a hip hop rapper, either live or in the studio. While still uncommon in the industry, some groups, such as The Roots, have become known for using a live band. Categories: Music stubs ... rap band.

 
 

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