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Encyclopedia > County of Artois

The County of Artois was a Carolingian county, established by the counts Odalric and Ecfrid of Artois, then integrated into the County of Flanders, first by Baldwin II of Flanders around 898, then by Arnulf I of Flanders. The Carolingians (also known as the Carlovingians) were a dynasty of rulers that eventually controlled the Frankish realm and its successors from the 8th to the 10th century, officially taking over the kingdoms from the Merovingian dynasty in 751. ... This article deals with the historical county of Flanders, for present-day Flanders see Flanders The geographical region and former county of Flanders contains not only the two Belgian provinces but also the present-day French département of Nord, in parts of which there is still a Flemish-speaking... Baldwin II of Flanders (died September 10, 918) was count of Flanders from 879 to 918. ... Events Accession of Pope John IX Accession of King Kasyapa IV of Sri Lanka Magyar army headed by Almosh besieges Kiev Magyar tribes found state of Szekesfahervar in Hungary Bologna joins Italian Kingdom End of Yodit era in Ethiopia Foundation of Bhaktapur in Nepal Births Deaths King Udaya II of... Arnulf I of Flanders (died March 27, 965), known as Arnulf the Great, was count of Flanders from 918 to 965. ...


A new territorial principality was established by the division of the county of Flanders as a dowry given by Philip I of Flanders to his niece Isabelle of Hainaut at the time of her marriage to Philip II of France. Philip of Alsace was count of Flanders from 1168 to 1191. ... Isabella of Hainaut (1170 - 1190) was queen consort of France. ... Philip II (French: Philippe II), called Philip Augustus (French: Philippe Auguste) (August 21, 1165 - July 14, 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223. ...


The Treaty of Guînes in 1212 gave Aire-sur-la-Lys, Saint-Omer et Guînes to Philip II. The rest of the county was acquired by the Crown after the Flemish defeat at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214 and the Treaty of Melun in 1226. Artois then became an appanage of Robert I of Artois, the youngest son of Louis VIII of France. Events The first Great Fire of London burns most of the city to the ground. ... Saint-Omer, a town and commune of Artois in northern France, sous-préfecture of the Pas-de-Calais département, 42 miles west-north-west of Lille on the railway to Calais. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Battle of Bouvines, July 27, 1214, was the first great international conflict of alliances among national forces in Europe. ... Events Simon Apulia becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events Carmelite Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II calls Imperial Diet of Cremona Births Deaths October 3 Saint Francis of Assisi founder of the Franciscan Order and patron Saint of animals and the environment Canonized by Pope Gregory IX in 1228 November 8 King Louis VIII of France... Artois is a former province of northern France. ... The system of appanage has greatly influenced the territorial construction of France and explains the flag of many provinces of France. ... Louis VIII the Lion (French: Louis VIII le Lion) (September 5, 1187 - November 8, 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226. ...


After the death of count Robert II at the Battle of Courtrai in 1302, a succession dispute arose between Robert's daughter, countess Mahaut, and her nephew Robert III, who represented the claim of his father Philip, who had died at the Battle of Furnes in 1298. Events July 11 - Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch), major victory of Flanders over the French occupier. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Fushimi of Japan Emperor Go-Fushimi ascends to the throne of Japan 21 July - Battle of Falkirk (1298): Englands Edward Longshank defeats William Wallaces Scottish rebels While in prison in Genoa, Marco Polo dictates his Travels to a local writer Births...


Artois then passed to Jeanne of Burgundy, daughter of Mahaut and Otto IV, Count of Burgundy, and wife of Philip V of France. Philip V gave Artois to his daughter Jeanne, wife of Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy. Philip V the Tall (French: Philippe V le Long) (1293 - January 3, 1322) was King of France from 1317 to 1322, a member of the Capetian dynasty. ... Eudes IV of Burgundy (1295–April 3, 1350) was duke of Burgundy between 1315 and 1350. ...


On the death of Jeanne and Eudes' grandson Philip I in 1361, Artois reverted to a grandson of Philip V, Louis II of Flanders. Louis' daughter Margaret III married Philip the Bold in 1369. Philip I of Burgundy, also known as Philip of Rouvres (1346–November 21, 1361) was duke of Burgundy between 1349 and 1361. ... Events Founding of the University of Pavia, Italy. ... Margaret of Dampierre (1350-1405) was countess of Flanders and twice Duchess of Burgundy. ... Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, known as the Bold (Philippe II de Bourgogne, le Hardi in French) (January 15, 1342–April 27, 1404), was the fourth son of King John II of France and his wife, formerly Jutta of Bohemia. ... Events King Charles V of France renounces the treaty of Brétigny and war is declared between France and England. ...


On the death of Louis II in 1384, Artois became part of the vast, complex territory of Burgundy. Seized by Louis XI of France and established as a seneschalate, then officially ceded to the king by the Treaty of Arras in 1482, it passed to the Habsburgs in the Treaty of Senlis. It reverted to French rule in the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659 and became a titular county in the peerage of France; the most notable of these peers was the future Charles X of France. Events May / September 3 - Siege of Lisbon by the Castilian army, during the 1383-1385 Crisis Births Deaths December 31 - John Wyclif, theologian Categories: 1384 ... Coat of arms of the 2nd duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy ( French: Bourgogne) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Pre-Indo-European people, Celts ( Gauls), Romans ( Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks. ... Louis XI Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 - August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), was a King of France (1461 - 1483). ... A seneschal was an officer in the houses of important nobles in the Middle Ages. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... The Treaty of the Pyrenees was signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years War. ... Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ... The status of Peer of France was held by the greatest and highest-ranking of the French nobility. ... Charles X, King of France and of Navarre ( October 9, 1757 – November 6, 1836) was born at the Palace of Versailles. ...


Counts of Artois


  Results from FactBites:
 
Artois at AllExperts (311 words)
Artois () is a former province of northern France.
It came to France in 1180 as a dowry of a Flemish princess and was again made a separate county in 1237 for a grandson of that princess.
At the death of the fourth duke, Charles the Rash, Artois became a possession of the Habsburgs, and was made part of the inheritance of the Habsburgs of Spain.
County of Artois - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (442 words)
A new territorial principality was established by the division of the county of Flanders as a dowry given by Philip I of Flanders to his niece Isabelle of Hainaut at the time of her marriage to Philip II of France.
The rest of the county was acquired by the French Crown after the Flemish defeat at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214 and the Treaty of Melun in 1226.
On the death of Jeanne and Eudes' grandson Philip I in 1361, Artois reverted to a grandson of Philip V, Louis II of Flanders.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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