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Encyclopedia > County corporate
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A county corporate or corporate county was a form of local government in England and Wales. Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ... Jump to: navigation, search Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK... Jump to: navigation, search National motto: Cymru am byth (Welsh: Wales for ever) Waless location within the UK Official languages English, Welsh Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff First Minister Rhodri Morgan Area  - Total Ranked 3rd UK 20,779 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 3rd UK 2,903,085...


Counties corporate were created during the Middle Ages, and were effectively small self-governing counties. They usually covered important towns or cities, which were deemed to be important enough to be independent from their host counties. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Jump to: navigation, search Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ...


There is some uncertainty as to whether counties corporate were considered "real" counties, being separate entities from their host traditional counties, or whether they remained geographically part of their traditional county, but with separate administration. Jump to: navigation, search The traditional counties of England are historic subdivisions of the country into around 40 regions. ...


History

By the 14th century, the growth of some towns had led to strong opposition to their government by local counties. While charters giving various rights were awarded to each borough, some were awarded complete effective independence including their own sherriffs, Quarter Sessions and other officials, and were sometimes given governing rights over a swathe of surrounding countryside. They were referred to in the form "Town and County of ..." or "City and County of ...", and so became known as the counties corporate. Jump to: navigation, search This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right}. It is housed in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which... Jump to: navigation, search Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... Jump to: navigation, search A borough is a local government administrative subdivision used in the Canadian province of Quebec, in some states of the United States, and formerly in New Zealand. ... Sheriff is both a political and a legal office held under English common law, Scots law or American common law, or the person who holds such office. ... Historically, the Courts of Quarter Sessions, or Quarter Sessions, were periodic courts held in each county and county borough in England and Wales until 1972, when together with the Assizes courts they were abolished by the Courts Act 1971 and replaced by a single permanent Crown Court of England and...


Other counties corporate were created to deal with specific local problems, such as border conflict (in the case of Caernarfon and Berwick-upon-Tweed) and piracy (in the case of Poole and Haverfordwest). Caernarfon, 2002 Caernarfon (the Welsh spelling is now normally used in preference over the Anglicised form, Caernarvon or Carnarvon) is a Royal Town in Gwynedd in north-west Wales. ... Map sources for Berwick-upon-Tweed at grid reference NT9952 Berwick-upon-Tweed from across the river Berwick-upon-Tweed, (pronounced Berrick) situated in the county of Northumberland, is the northernmost town in England, situated on the east coast on the mouth of the river Tweed. ... Copyright infringement is the unauthorized use of copyrighted material in a manner that violates one of the copyright owners exclusive rights, such as the right to reproduce or perform the copyrighted work, or to make derivative works that build upon it. ... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination in the traditional county of Dorset in southern England. ... Haverfordwest (Welsh: Hwlffordd) is a small market town in south-west Wales. ...


According to the Association of British Counties, a series of legal decisions later established that the counties corporate remained part of the original counties. This was particularly significant in the case of the London and Bristol, which spanned county boundaries and so were often shown separately on maps. The Association of British Counties is a pressure group in the United Kingdom dedicated to preserving the traditional counties of Britain. ...


Most counties corporate were abolished in the 19th century. Those still remaining in 1888 were abolished by the Local Government Act 1888, with the exception of the City of London, which retained its status until the creation of Greater London in 1965. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search The eastern side of the City of London viewed from St. ... Jump to: navigation, search Greater London is the top level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ...


A similar institution called a county borough was created by the 1888 Local Government Act, which had administrative independence from county councils. Counties corporate and county boroughs were roughly equivlent to a modern unitary authority. County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single-tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ...


List of counties corporate

The counties corporate (listed with date of creation where known) were:

Map sources for Berwick-upon-Tweed at grid reference NT9952 Berwick-upon-Tweed from across the river Berwick-upon-Tweed, (pronounced Berrick) situated in the county of Northumberland, is the northernmost town in England, on the east coast at the mouth of the river Tweed. ... Events Russia, Reforming Synod of the metropolite Macaire, Orthodoxy: introduction of a calendar of the saints and an ecclesiastical law code ( Stoglav ) Major outbreak of the sweating sickness in England. ... Jump to: navigation, search Bristol is an English city and county and one of the three administrative centres of South West England (the others being Plymouth and Exeter). ... Events Bristol is made an independent county. ... Caernarfon, 2002 Caernarfon (the Welsh spelling is now normally used in preference over the Anglicised form, Caernarvon or Carnarvon) is a Royal Town in Gwynedd in north-west Wales. ... Jump to: navigation, search Carmarthen (Welsh Caerfyrddin - caer fort + Myrddin Moridunum, Merlin) is the county town of Carmarthenshire, Wales. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... Jump to: navigation, search Location within the British Isles St Peters St, Canterbury, from the West Gate, 1993 Canterbury is a cathedral city in the county of Kent in southeast England. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... Jump to: navigation, search Chester is the county town of Cheshire in the northwestern England, close to the border with Wales. ... The County of the City of Coventry was a former English county, which existed between 1451 and 1842. ... // Events February 3 - Murad II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Mehmed II. April 11 - Celje acquires market-town status and town rights by orders from the Celje count Frederic II. June 30 - French troops under the Comte de Dunois invade Guyenne and capture... Jump to: navigation, search 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search The city of Exeter is the county town of Devon, in England, UK. It is located at 50° 43′ 25″ N, 3° 31′ 39″ W. In the 2001 census its population was recorded at 111,066. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ... Gloucester (pronounced ) is a city and district in south-west England, close to the Welsh border. ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ... Haverfordwest (Welsh: Hwlffordd) is a small market town in south-west Wales. ... Events January 20 - Ferdinand II ascends the throne of Aragon and rules together with his wife Isabella, queen of Castile over most of the Iberian peninsula. ... Hullshire (or the County of Hull) was a former district of England. ... Jump to: navigation, search For alternative meanings, see number 1440. ... 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Lichfield Cathedral June 2005 Lichfield is a small city in Staffordshire, 110 miles northwest of London and 14 miles north of Birmingham. ... Jump to: navigation, search // The now widespread name, Lincoln originated in a city in eastern England. ... Events January 1 - The Welsh surrender Harlech Castle to the English. ... Jump to: navigation, search The eastern side of the City of London viewed from St. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... Jump to: navigation, search Norwich (pronounced variously Norritch or Norridge) is a city in East Anglia, in Eastern England, and the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk. ... Jump to: navigation, search Nottingham is a city located in Nottinghamshire, in the East Midlands of England. ... Events January 5/ 6 - Christopher of Bavaria, Norway and Sweden dies with no designated heir leaving all three kingdoms with vacant thrones. ... Poole is a coastal town, port and tourist destination in the traditional county of Dorset in southern England. ... Jump to: navigation, search Civic Centre, Southampton Southampton is a city and major port situated on the south coast of England. ... Events March 6 - Nicholas V becomes Pope. ... The city of Worcester (pronounced ) is the county town of Worcestershire in England; the river Severn runs through the middle, with the citys large Worcester Cathedral overlooking the river. ... Jump to: navigation, search York is a city in northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ...

Reference

  • Everything2 on counties corporate

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COUNTY (through Norm. ... - Online Information article about COUNTY (through Norm. ... (1659 words)
Westmorland were not recognized as English counties until some time after the Norman Conquest, the last two definitely appearing as fiscal areas in 1177.
Protectorate, until 1832, when many of the counties received a much larger representation, which was still further increased by later acts.
forty-seven others, were created county boroughs by the Local Government Act 1888, and are entirely dissociated from the control of a county council.
Alabama - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1893 words)
Instead, most counties in the state must lobby the Local Legislation Committee of the state legislature to get simple local policies such as waste disposal to land use zoning.
The only 11 counties voting Democratic were Black Belt counties, where African Americans are in the majority.
Alabama is one of the most conservative states in the country; Shelby County, in suburban Birmingham, and the city of San Francisco, California are the closest pair of greatly populated areas to being political polar opposites.
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