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Encyclopedia > County Londonderry
County Londonderry / County Derry
Contae Dhoire
Coontie Lunnonderrie[1] / Coontie Derrie
Coat of arms of County Londonderry / County Derry
Location
Statistics
Province: Ulster
County Town: Derry
Area: 2,074 km²
Population (est.) 213,000[citation needed]

County Londonderry or County Derry (Irish: Contae Dhoire) is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland in the province of Ulster in Ireland. It was named after its main town – and later city and administrative centre – Derry (Londonderry), which lies in the north-western corner of the county. Londonderry is the name of several places: in the United Kingdom: County Londonderry or County Derry The city of Londonderry or Derry Londonderry County Borough Council now called Derry City Council Londonderry Port, the citys port Londonderry Eglinton Airport now called City of Derry Airport Londonderry (parliamentary borough) (historically... Derry is the name of several places: In Northern Ireland of the United Kingdom: The city of Derry, or Londonderry County Derry, or County Londonderry In the Republic of Ireland River Derry and Derry Water River in County Wicklow Derry, County Sligo In the United States: Derry, New Hampshire, a... Image File history File links Lderry_arms. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... When under Gaelic rule, Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the túatha. ... This article is about the nine-county Irish province. ... A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... For other places with similar names, see Derry (disambiguation) and Londonderry (disambiguation). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For much of its history, the island of Ireland was divided into 32 counties (Irish language contae or condae, pronounced IPA: ). Two historical counties, County Desmond and County Coleraine, no longer exist, while several county names have changed. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... When under Gaelic rule, Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the túatha. ... This article is about the nine-county Irish province. ... For other places with similar names, see Derry (disambiguation) and Londonderry (disambiguation). ...


The highest point in the county is the summit of Sawel Mountain (678m) on the border with County Tyrone. Sawel is part of the Sperrin Mountains, which dominate the southern part of the county. To the east and west, the land falls into the valleys of the Bann and Foyle rivers respectively; the north of the county is distinguished by the steep cliffs, dune systems and remarkable beaches of the Atlantic coast. Sawel Mountain is the highest peak in the Sperrin Mountains, and the seventh highest in Northern Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Omagh Area: 3,155 km² Population (est. ... Sperrins is a mountain range in Northern Ireland. ... The banns of marriage or, simply the banns, (from an Old English word meaning to summon) are the public announcement from the pulpit that a marriage is going to take place in that church between two specified persons at a specified time. ... Foyle can refer to: The River Foyle in Northern Ireland Lough Foyle, the rivers estuary Several organisations and divisions that take their name from the river including: The parliamentary constituency of Foyle Foyle and Londonderry College, a grammar school in Derry Foyles, a bookshop in London Kitty Foyle, a...


The county is home to a number of important buildings and landscapes: these include the excellently preserved seventeenth-century city walls of Derry; the fine National Trust Plantation house and estate at Springhill; the Mussenden Temple with its spectacular views of the Atlantic; the dykes, artificial coastlines and internationally important bird sanctuaries on the eastern shore of Lough Foyle; and the visitor centre at Bellaghy Bawn, close to the childhood home of Nobel laureate Seamus Heaney. For other places with similar names, see Derry (disambiguation) and Londonderry (disambiguation). ... This article resolves the various uses of the name Springhill. ... Mussenden Temple is a small circular building located on the cliffs of Binevenagh, high above the Atlantic Ocean on the north-western coast of Northern Ireland. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... Lough Foyle (Loch Feabhail in Irish) is the name given to the estuary of the River Foyle. ... Bellaghy is a village in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. ... Seamus Justin Heaney (IPA: ) (born 13 April 1939) is an Irish poet, writer and lecturer who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1995. ...


The county flower is the Purple Saxifrage.[2] A county flower is a flowering plant chosen to symbolise a county. ... Binomial name Saxifraga oppositifolia L. The Purple Saxifrage (Saxifraga oppositifolia) is a species of plant that is very common all over the high arctic and also some high mountainous areas further south, including northern Britain, the Alps and the Rocky Mountains. ...

Contents

Name

As with the town, its name is subject to the Derry/Londonderry name dispute, with the form Derry preferred by nationalists and Londonderry preferred by unionists. The name Derry is usually used in the Republic of Ireland, it also has a mixed usage in Northern Ireland, depending on the source; while most of the British authorities prefer to use the name Londonderry. The name of the city and county of Derry or Londonderry in Northern Ireland is a subject of naming dispute between nationalists (mostly Catholic) and unionists (most of whom are Protestant), with nationalists calling it Derry, and unionists, Londonderry. ... An Irish nationalist is generally one who seeks (greater) independence of Ireland from Great Britain, including since 1921 the goal of a United Ireland. ... In the context of Irish politics, Unionists are people in Northern Ireland, who wish to see the continuation of the Act of Union 1800, as amended by the Government of Ireland Act 1920, under which Northern Ireland, created in that latter Act, remains part of the United Kingdom of Great...


History

Unlike the town, historically there was not a preceding County Derry: it was established in 1613 by combining the former County of Coleraine with small parts of Counties Antrim, Donegal, and Tyrone at the behest of the London livery companies and the Irish Society (hence, London-Derry) so that they could control both banks of the mouths of the River Foyle and the River Bann and have access to sufficient wood for construction. The county town was Coleraine. Events January - Galileo observes Neptune, but mistakes it for a star and so is not credited with its discovery. ... The County of Coleraine, also known as County Coleraine, was a county of Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Antrim Area: 2,844 km² Population (est. ... Statistics Province: Ulster Dáil Éireann: Donegal North East, Donegal South West County Town: Lifford Code: DL Area: 4,841 km² Population (2006) 146,956 Website: www. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Omagh Area: 3,155 km² Population (est. ... Livery Companies are trade associations based in the City of London. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The River Foyle at Night. ... The River Bann is the largest river in Northern Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Ulster County: District: Coleraine Borough UK Parliament: East Londonderry European Parliament: Northern Ireland Dialling Code: 028, +44 28 Post Town: Coleraine Postal District(s): BT51, BT52 Population (2001) 24,042 Coleraine (from the Irish: Cúil Raithin meaning Ferny corner) is a large town...


Administration

Since 1973, administration has been divided between district councils. The councils covering the county are Coleraine Borough Council, Derry City Council, Limavady Borough Council, and Magherafelt District Council; and part of Cookstown District Council, which is largely in County Tyrone. For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Northern Ireland is divided into 26 districts for local government purposes. ... Coleraine Borough Council is a Local Council partly in County Antrim and partly in County Londonderry in Northern Ireland. ... Derry City Council (Londonderry County Borough Council until 1984) is a district council in County Londonderry in Northern Ireland. ... Limavady Borough Council is a Local Council in County Londonderry in Northern Ireland. ... Magherafelt District Council is a Local Council in County Derry in Northern Ireland. ... Cookstown District Council is a Local Council covering an area partly in County Tyrone and partly in County Londonderry. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Omagh Area: 3,155 km² Population (est. ...

Map of County Londonderry, 1837.
Map of County Londonderry, 1837.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1156 × 1496 pixel, file size: 167 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Fair use, educational. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1156 × 1496 pixel, file size: 167 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Fair use, educational. ...

Education

Government-funded education up to secondary school level is administered by Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ...

For Catholic grant-maintained schools administration is by the Derry Diocesan Education Office. Education in Northern Ireland differs slightly from systems used elsewhere in the United Kingdom, though is more similar to that used in England and Wales than it is to Scotland. ... The North Eastern Education and Library Board (NEELB) is an organisation providing education and library services for the north-eastern Local Government Districts, Northern Ireland, in County Antrim and eastern County Londonderry. ... The Southern Education and Library Board (or SELB) is a board providing education and library services in the southern districts of Northern Ireland: namely the district councils of Armagh, Banbridge, Cookstown, Craigavon, Dungannon and South Tyrone, and Newry and Mourne. ...


Two major centres of the University of Ulster are in the county, including its headquarters at Coleraine and the Magee Campus in Derry. The University of Ulster (UU) is a multi-centre university located in Northern Ireland and is the largest single university on the island of Ireland, discounting the federal National University of Ireland. ... University of Ulster Logo The Coleraine campus of the University of Ulster (UUC) is the administration headquarters of the University and is the most traditional in outlook, with a focus on science and the humanities. ... The Magee College, is an English-medium higher education institution of the University of Ulster located in Derry, Northern Ireland. ...


Sport

In the Gaelic Athletic Association, the Derry county teams wear the colours red and white. There are many club teams competing in up to five leagues and three championships. For other uses, see GAA (disambiguation). ... The Derry County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (Irish: Cummann Luthchleas Gael Coiste Contae Doire) or Derry GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic Games in County Derry. ...


In Association Football, County Londonderry/Derry is represented in the Irish Premier League by Limavady United, Institute F.C. and Coleraine F.C.. Tobermore United and Moyola Park compete in Division One. Derry City F.C. play in the top division in the Eircom Ireland league. “Soccer” redirects here. ... Limavady United are a Northern Ireland football club playing in the Irish Premier League. ... Institute F.C. is a Northern Ireland football club playing in the Irish Football League. ... Coleraine F.C. is a Northern Irish football club playing in the Irish Premier League (IPL). ... Tobermore United is a Northern Ireland football club playing in the Irish Football League. ... Moyola Park is an 18-hole championship golf course set in 130 acres (53 hectares) of wooded parkland in the Shanemullagh Estate of Castledawson, Co. ... Derry City F.C. are an Irish football club based in the city of Derry. ...


In Rugby, the county is represented at senior level by City of Derry Rugby Club and Rainey Old Boys Rugby Club, Magherafelt. Limavady R.F.C, Londonderry Y.M.C.A and Coleraine Rugby Club compete in the qualifying leagues. For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The City of Derry Rugby Club is a rugby union club, formed in 1881 in Derry currently playing rugby union in the AIB Division Three. ... Rainey Old Boys Rugby Club is situated in the market town of Magherafelt, County Londonderry. ... Coleraine Rugby Football and Cricket Club are an amateur Rugby and Cricket club based in Coleraine, Northern Ireland. ...


Media

C9TV broadcasts to much of the north and east of the county and is based in Derry. This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... For other places with similar names, see Derry (disambiguation) and Londonderry (disambiguation). ...


The county currently has four main radio stations

  • BBC Radio Foyle
  • Q102.9
  • Q97.2
  • Six FM (in the south of the county)
  • Highland Radio, a station based in Letterkenny, County Donegal. It has a huge listenership in Derry City and West Tyrone.

BBC Radio Foyle is a BBC Northern Ireland radio station which serves North West of Northern Ireland. ... Q102. ... Q97. ... Six FM is a radio station based in Cookstown, County Tyrone. ...

See also

This is a list of cities, towns and villages in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.dcalni.gov.uk/FAQs/FAQs.asp?ba=leid
  2. ^ County flowers in Britain www.plantlife.org.uk

  Results from FactBites:
 
County Londonderry travel guide - Wikitravel (125 words)
County Londonderry or County Derry is located in Northern Ireland.
The name of the county is a point of political dispute, with unionists advocating the longer name, and nationalists advocating the shorter.
A common attempt at compromise is to refer to the county as "Londonderry" and the city as "Derry", but this is not universally accepted.
Londonderry(Derry) county, Ireland, Lewis, 1837 description ©Jane Lyons (4720 words)
LONDONDERRY (County of) a maritime county of the province of ULSTER bounded on the south and south-west by the county of Tyrone; on the west by that of Donegal; on the north west by Lough Foyle; on the north, by the Atlantic Ocean; and on the east, by the county of Antrim.
Of its civil jurisdiction it is remarkable that, like the county of Middlesex, its sheriffs are those elected by the citizens of its capital, who serve for the whole, excepting the liberties of Coleraine: the town-clerk of Londonderry, also, is the clerk of the peace for the county at large.
In form, the county approaches to an equilateral triangle: its greatest length is from the point of Magilligan, at the mouth of Lough Foyle, nearly southward, to the vicinity of Coagh, a distance of 32½ miles.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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