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Encyclopedia > County Cork
County Cork
Contae Chorcaí
Coat of arms of County Cork
Location
centerMap highlighting County Cork
Statistics
Province: Munster
County seat: Cork
Code: C
Area: 7,457 km² (2,879 sq mi)
Population (2006) 480,909 (including City of Cork);
361,766 (without Cork City)
Website: www.corkcoco.ie

County Cork (Irish: Contae Chorcaí) is the most southerly and the largest of the modern counties of Ireland. Cork is nicknamed "The Rebel County", as a result of the support of the townsmen of Cork in 1491 for Perkin Warbeck, a pretender to the throne of England during the Wars of the Roses. In more recent times, the name has referred to the prominent role Cork played in the Irish War of Independence (1919-1921) and its position as an anti-treaty stronghold during the Irish Civil War (1922-23). Attractions include the Blarney Stone and Cobh (formerly Queenstown), the port where many Irish emigrants boarded for their voyage to the United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, or South Africa and also the last stop of the Titanic, before departing on its doomed journey. The city of Cork is the second largest city in the Republic of Ireland and capital of the province of Munster.[1] Image File history File links CorkCountycrest. ... map File links The following pages link to this file: County Cork Categories: GFDL images ... When under Gaelic rule, Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the túatha. ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ... A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... A number plate for a car registered in 2001 in County Dublin Index marks on Number plates in the Republic of Ireland issued since 1987 have the format YY-CC-SSSSSS where the components are: YY — a 2-digit year (e. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... Contemporary painting of Warbeck Perkin Warbeck (c. ... Lancaster York For other uses, see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation). ... Combatants Irish Republic United Kingdom Commanders Michael Collins Richard Mulcahy Cathal Brugha Important local IRA leaders Henry Hugh Tudor Strength Irish Republican Army c. ... The Irish Civil War (June 28, 1922 – May 24, 1923) was a conflict between supporters and opponents of the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 6, 1921, which established the Irish Free State, precursor of todays Republic of Ireland. ... The Blarney Stone The Blarney Stone is a block of bluestone built into the battlements of Blarney Castle, Blarney about 8 km from Cork, Ireland. ... Cobh (Irish An Cóbh from English Cove) is a seaport in Ireland. ... A memorial statue in Hanko, Finland, commemorating the thousands of emigrants who left the country to start a new life in the United States Emigration is the act and the phenomenon of leaving ones native country or region to settle in another. ... For other uses, see Titanic (disambiguation). ... For the North American comedy troupe, see The Second City. ... When under Gaelic rule, Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the túatha. ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ...


The remote western area of the county, known as West Cork, is a popular destination for tourists, who visit the small villages and islands including Sherkin Island, Oileán Chléire or Cape Clear Island and Dursey Island. Mizen Head, the "southwesternmost point in Ireland" is also in West Cork, as is Sheep's Head. West Cork (Irish: Iarthar Chorcaí) in south-west Ireland, lies in Irelands largest county, County Cork. ... Sherkin Island, West Cork, Ireland Sherkin Island Beach, The Cow Strand Sherkin Friary View from the highest point of Sherkin Island The old School house Rock Flowers An Cúinne Harbour, Sherkin Island The Silver Strand Sherkin Island (from the Irish Inis Earcáin) lies southwest of County Cork in... Dursey Island lies west of County Cork in the Republic of Ireland. ... Categories: Ireland geography stubs | Headlands of Ireland ... Sheeps Head Sheeps Head, also known as Muntervary (Rinn Mhuintir Bháire in Irish), is the headland at the end of the peninsula between Bantry Bay and Dunmanus Bay in County Cork, Ireland. ...


In recent years land in the far west of the county has become in high demand internationally, and large numbers of EU citizens have settled in the area, along with celebrities such as Jeremy Irons. West Cork is noted for its rugged natural beauty, fine beaches and distinct social atmosphere. Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: European Union The European Union On-Line Official EU website, europa. ... Jeremy John Irons (born September 19, 1948) is an Academy Award, Tony Award, Screen Actors Guild, two-time Emmy Award and Golden Globe Award-winning English film, television and stage actor. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Cork

Much of what is now county Cork was once part of the Kingdom of Deis Muin (South Munster), anglicised as "Desmond", ruled by the MacCarthy Mór dynasty. After the Norman Invasion in the 12th century, the McCarthy clan were pushed westward into what is now West Cork and County Kerry. The north and east of Cork were taken by the Hiberno-Norman Fitzgerald dynasty, who became the Earl of Desmond. Cork City was given an English Royal Charter in 1318 and for many centuries was an outpost for Old English culture. The Fitzgerald Desmond dynasty was destroyed in the Desmond Rebellions of 1569-1573 and 1579-83. Much of county Cork was devastated in the fighting, particularly in the Second Desmond Rebellion. In the aftermath, much of Cork was colonised by English settlers in the Plantation of Munster. Cork, located on Irelands south coast, is the Republic of Irelands second largest city and capital of the province of Munster. ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ... A tower house near Quin. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Tralee Code: KY Area: 4,746 km² Population (2006) 139,616 Website: www. ... The term Hiberno-Norman is used of those Norman lords who settled in Ireland, admitting little if any real fealty to the Anglo-Norman settlers in England. ... The title of Earl of Desmond has been held historically by lords in Ireland, first as a title outside of the peerage system and later as part of the English-controlled Peerage of Ireland. ... The Old English were a wave of early medieval Norman, French, Welsh, English, Breton and Flemish settlers who went to Ireland to claim territory and lands in the wake of the Norman invasion. ... The Desmond Rebellions occurred in the 1569- 1573 and 1579-1583 in Munster in southern Ireland. ... The Second Desmond rebellion was the more significant and widespread of the two Desmond Rebellions launched by the Fitzgerald dynasty of the Desmond area of Munster, Ireland in the 1560s. ... Plantations in 16th and 17th century Ireland were established throughout the country by the confiscation of lands occupied by Gaelic clans and Hiberno-Norman dynasties, but principally in the provinces of Munster and Ulster. ...


In 1491 Cork played a part in the English Wars of the Roses when Perkin Warbeck, a pretender to the English throne, landed in the city and tried to recruit support for a plot to overthrow Henry VII of England. The mayor of Cork and several important citizens went with Warbeck to England but when the rebellion collapsed they were all captured and executed. Cork's nickname of the 'rebel city' originates in these events. The nickname was later applied to the whole county. Lancaster York For other uses, see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation). ... Contemporary painting of Warbeck Perkin Warbeck (c. ... The Tudor Rose: a combination of the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), born Henry Tudor, was the first monarch of the Tudor dynasty. ...


In 1601 the decisive Battle of Kinsale took place in County Cork, which was to lead to English domination of Ireland for centuries. Kinsale had been the scene of a landing of Spanish troops to help Irish rebels in the Nine Years War (1594-1603). When this force was defeated, the rebel hopes for victory in the war were all but ended. County Cork was officially created by a division of the older County Desmond in 1606. Siege of Kinsale - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... The Nine Years War (Irish: Cogadh na Naoi mBliana) in Ireland took place from 1594 to 1603 and is also known as Tyrones Rebellion. ... County Desmond was an historic county of Ireland on the south-western coast of Ireland. ...


In the 19th century, Cork was a centre for the Fenians and for the constitutional nationalism of the Irish Parliamentary Party. The county was a hotbed of guerrilla activity during the Irish War of Independence 1919-1921. Three Cork Brigades of the Irish Republican Army operated in the county and another in the city. Prominent actions included the Kilmichael Ambush in November 1920 and the Crossbarry Ambush in March 1921. The activity of IRA flying columns, such as the one under Tom Barry in west Cork, was recently popularised in the Ken Loach film The Wind That Shakes The Barley. The centre of Cork city was razed to the ground by the British Black and Tans, in December 1920 as were many other towns and villages around the county.[2] The Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB; Bráithreachas na Poblachta in Irish) was a secret fraternal organisation dedicated to fomenting armed revolt against the British state in Ireland in the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. ... The Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) (commonly called the Irish Party) was formed in 1882 by Charles Stewart Parnell, the leader of the Nationalist Party, replacing the Home Rule League, as official parliamentary party for Irish nationalist Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the House of Commons at Westminster within the... Combatants Irish Republic United Kingdom Commanders Michael Collins Richard Mulcahy Cathal Brugha Important local IRA leaders Henry Hugh Tudor Strength Irish Republican Army c. ... This article is about the historical army of the Irish Republic (1919–1922) which fought in the Irish War of Independence 1919–21, and the Irish Civil War 1922–23. ... Combatants Irish Republican Army Royal Irish Constabulary Commanders Tom Barry Francis Crake† Strength 36 IRA volunteers of the West Cork Flying column 18 officers of the RIC Auxiliary Division Casualties 3 dead 17 dead 1 wounded The Kilmichael Ambush on November 28, 1920 was a turning point in the Irish... Crossbarry Memorial, Crossbarry, County Cork. ... A Flying column, in military organization pre-dating World War I, is an independent corps of troops usually composed of all arms, to which a particular task is assigned. ... This article is about the Irish republican. ... Ken Loach Kenneth Loach (born June 17, 1936), known as Ken Loach, is an English television and film director, known for his naturalistic style and socialist themes. ... For the folksong, see The Wind That Shakes the Barley (song). ... For other senses of the term, see Black and tan (disambiguation). ...


During the Irish Civil War (1922-23), most of the IRA units in Cork sided against the Anglo-Irish Treaty. From July to August 1922 they held the city and county as part of the so called Munster Republic. However, Cork was taken by troops of the Irish Free State in August 1922 in the Irish Free State offensive, that included both overland and seaborne attacks. For the remainder of the war, the county saw sporadic guerrilla fighting until the Anti-Treaty side called a ceasefire and dumped their arms in May 1923. Michael Collins, a key figure in the War of Independence, was born near Clonakilty and assassinated during the civil war in Béal na Bláth, both in West Cork. The Irish Civil War (June 28, 1922 – May 24, 1923) was a conflict between supporters and opponents of the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 6, 1921, which established the Irish Free State, precursor of todays Republic of Ireland. ... Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty The Anglo-Irish Treaty, officially called the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland, was a treaty between the Government of the United Kingdom and representatives of the extra-judicial Irish Republic that concluded the Irish War of Independence. ... The IRA West Cork Flying Column (Anti-Treaty) during the War of Independence. ... This article is about the prior state. ... The Irish Free State offensive of July-September 1922 was the decisive military stroke of the Irish Civil War. ... For other persons named Michael Collins, see Michael Collins (disambiguation). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference W381417 Statistics Province: Munster County: Population (2002) 3,698  Website: www. ... The Cross on the bend in the road commemorating where Michael Collins, leader of the Irish Republican Army, was killed in the autumn of 1922. ...


Language

County Cork has two Gaeltacht areas where the Irish language is the primary medium of everyday speech. These are Múscraí (English: Muskerry) in the north of the county, especially the village of Cúil Aodha (English: Coolea) and Oileán Chléire (English: Cape Clear) an island in the west. Gaeltacht regions in Ireland Gaeltacht (pronounced ; plural Gaeltachtaí) is an Irish word for an Irish-speaking region. ... This article is about the modern Goidelic language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Hard Cows Milk Cheese. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Clear Island (Irish Gaelic: Oileán Chléire), also known as Cape Clear, lies south west of County Cork in the Republic of Ireland. ...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Cork
One of many bays in Co. Cork
One of many bays in Co. Cork

The South-West region comprising of counties Cork and Kerry contribute 24,877 billion ($39.3 billion USD)(2005 values; 2008 exchange rate) towards the Irish GDP.[3] The harbour area to the immediate east of the city is home to a large number of pharmaceutical and medical companies. Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Tralee Code: KY Area: 4,746 km² Population (2006) 139,616 Website: www. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ... A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ...


Suburbs & Towns

The name Douglas may refer to: // Douglas (given name) Douglas (surname), people so named Clan Douglas, a Scottish family Earl of Douglas, or any holder of the title Marquess of Douglas, or any holder of the title Duke of Douglas, or any holder of the title Douglas Funnie, Douglas, New... Ballincollig (Irish: Baile an Chollaigh) is a town about 8 km west of Cork in County Cork, Province of Munster, Ireland. ... Glanmire (Gleann Maghair in Irish) is a town located just outside Cork city in County Cork, Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference W727625 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 8 m Population (2006) 12,835  Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish grid reference W793666 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 47 m (154 ft) Population (2006)  - Town:  - Environs:   6,517  6,370 Website: www. ... Mallow is the common name of several closely related genera of plant in the family Malvaceae: Althaea – Marsh mallow Callirhoe – Poppy mallow Kosteletzkya – Seashore mallow Lavatera – Tree mallow or rose mallow Malacothamnus – Santa Cruz Island bush-mallow Malva – Mallow Malvaviscus – Turks cap mallow Sidalcea – Greek mallow Sphaeralcea – Globemallow Plants... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish grid reference W879736 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 47 m (154 ft) Population (2006)  - Town:  - Environs:   3,914  6,422 Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 51. ... Charleville can refer to: a former commune of the Ardennes département in France, now part of Charleville-Mézières a commune of the Marne département, in France. ...

Media

Print

  • The Imokilly People Not in Print anymore (East Cork)
  • The Carrigdhoun
  • The Cork Weekly [1] Free paper for Metropolitan Cork incorporating the Douglas Weekly
  • The Corkman
  • The Mallow Star
  • The Douglas Post

Radio The Corkman is a weekly Irish newspaper. ... The Southern Star is a local newspaper in County Cork in Ireland based in Skibbereen. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

103FM is a Cork-based Radio station owned by UTV Radio. ... 96FM is a Cork-based radio station owned by UTV Radio. ... Red FM is a FM radio channel in Bombay, India. ...

Wildlife

A collection of the marine algae is housed in the Herbarium of the botany department of the University College Cork. [4] Studying a plant sample in the Herbarium In botany, a herbarium is a collection of preserved plant specimens. ... University College Cork - National University of Ireland, Cork - or more commonly University College Cork (UCC) - is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland located in Cork City. ...


Septs and Families of Cork

Cork was a stronghold for many powerful septs and families of Munster, most of them of Eoghanacht lineage. Common Cork surnames are Ahern, Buckley, Collins, Cronin, Crowley, Daley, Flynn, Foley, Gould, Healy, Horgan, Lee, McCarthy, Murphy, Noonan, O'Callaghan, O'Cronin, O'Connor, O'Donovan, O'Driscoll, O'Keeffe, O'Leary, O'Mahony, O'Riordan, O'Rourke, O'Sullivan, Sheehan and Twomey. Some prevalent Norman-Irish names are Barrett, Barry, Fitzgerald, Kennedy, Walsh and White A stronghold is a strongly fortified defensive structure. ... A sept is a division of a family, especially a division of a clan. ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ... Ahern, also Aherne (Irish: Ó hEachtighearna/Ó hEachthairn) is an Irish surname and may refer to: Members of the political Ahern family in Ireland: Bertie Ahern, Taoiseach (prime minister) of Ireland Cecelia Ahern, author, daughter of Bertie Ahern Georgina Ahern, daughter of Bertie Ahern Maurice Ahern, Irish politician, Former Lord Mayor of... For other uses, see Buckley (disambiguation). ... The surname Collins has a variety of likely origins in Britain and Ireland: Anglo-Saxon: A patronymic surname based on the name Colin, an English diminutive form of Nicholas. ... Cronin is a surname, and may refer to A.J. Cronin, Scottish novelist Anthony Cronin, Irish poet Breeda Moynihan Cronin, Irish politician Cornelius Cronin, Medal of Honor recipient during the American Civil War Daniel Cronin, Illinois State Senator Daniel Cronin (labor organizer), organizer of the first Knights of Labor chapter... There are two types of Crowleys: English Crowleys and Irish Crowleys. ... Daley may mean several things. ... Flynn is a surname of Irish descent meaning Red. Some people with the name are: Dan Flynn, a conservative American author Errol Flynn, an Australian-American movie actor Jimmy Flynn, an American actor John Flynn, (various) Kevin Flynn is a character in the movie Tron (film) played by Jeff Bridges... Foley is a surname, originating in Ireland in the south east Munster region. ... Gould (pronounced [gu:ld]) may refer to: // People Gould as family name Andrew Gould Arthur Gould Augustus Addison Gould, American conchologist Benjamin A. Gould, American astronomer Billy Gould Bryan Gould, a British politician Chester Gould, creator of Dick Tracy Cynthia Gould Dana Gould, comedian Daniel Gould Fowle Elliott Gould, actor... Healy is a surname, and may refer to: Bernadine Healy Cahir Healy Cecil Healy Chad L Healy Colin Healy David Healy (footballer) David Healy (psychiatrist) Dermot Healy Don Healy Eamonn Healy Eloise Klein Healy Felix Healy Fran Healy Fran Healy (baseball) Francis Healy Frank Healy George Peter Alexander Healy Gerry... Look up lee, Lee, leeward, alee in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... McCarthy (a variant of MacCarthy) is a common surname that originated in Ireland and is in fact the most common of all the names which uses the prefix Mac or Mc, meaning son of. ... Murphy may refer to: Murphy as surname is a common Irish family name Alex J. Murphy, fictional character, Robocop movie trilogy and television miniseries Anthony Murphy, Irish soccer player Arthur Murphy, (1727-1805) Irish actor and playwright Audie Murphy, US actor, war hero Austin J. Murphy, US Congressman from Pennsylvania... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... // OConnor may refer to several different topics: Cian OConnor (b. ... ODonovan is an Irish surname. ... OKeeffe, and Keeffe, are the anglicised versions of the Irish Ó Caoimh, from caomh, meaning kind or gentle. The original Caomh from whom the family descend lived in the early eleventh century, and was a descendant of Art, King of Munster from 742 to 762. ... OLeary is a common Irish name, an anglicized version of the original spelling O Laoghaire or O Laoire. ... OMahony is a surname, and may refer to: Daniel OMahony, author. ... // The ORourkes were the historic rulers of Breifne. ... OSullivan is an Irish surname, associated with the southwestern part of Ireland, especially the counties of Cork and Kerry, which due to emigration is also common in Australia, North America and The UK. It is the anglicised version of the Irish name Ó Súilleabháin. ... People whose surname is or was Sheehan include: Billy Sheehan, an American rock bassist Casey Sheehan, an American soldier Cindy Sheehan, an anti-war activist Timothy P. Sheehan, an American Congressman William F. Sheehan, an American politician Frank Sheehan, a Canadian politician John J. Sheehan, an American General, first Marine... A tower house near Quin. ... // Barrett (sometimes spelled Barret or Barratt) is a surname that has been associated with several different people, places and organisations. ... Look up Barry in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fitzgerald or FitzGerald is a Hiberno-Norman surname, meaning son of Gerald. It may refer to: People Barry Fitzgerald (1888–1961), Irish actor. ... Kennedy may refer to: People with the surname Kennedy: Kennedy (surname) People with the given name Kennedy: Kennedy Bakircioglü, a Swedish footballer Kennedy Otieno, a Kenyan cricketeer Kennedy Winston, a U.S. basketball player People identified only as Kennedy: Lisa Kennedy Montgomery, a political satirist and former MTV VJ Kennedy... Walsh has several meanings: Walsh, Colorado Walsh County, North Dakota Walsh code Walsh matrix Walsh function Walsh University in North Canton, Ohio Mount Walsh National Park This page or section lists people with the surname Walsh. ... This is a list of well-known people with the surname White (or Whyte) or its equivalent in other languages. ...


Location Grid

North: County Limerick Northeast: County Tipperary
West: County Kerry County Cork East: County Waterford
Southwest: Atlantic Ocean South: Celtic Sea

Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Limerick Code: LK Area: 2,686 km² Population (2006) 183,863 (including Limerick City); 131,303 (without Limerick City) Website: www. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: North: Nenagh South: Clonmel Code: North: TN South: TS Area: 4,303 km² Population (2006) 149,040[[1]] County Tipperary (Contae Thiobraid Árann in Irish) is a county in the Republic of Ireland, and situated in the province of Munster. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Tralee Code: KY Area: 4,746 km² Population (2006) 139,616 Website: www. ... County Waterford (Port Láirge in Irish) is a county in the province of Munster on the south coast of Ireland. ... Map of the Celtic Sea, an arm of the Atlantic. ...

References

  1. ^ Cork City Council
  2. ^ rebelcork.com
  3. ^ Cork / Kerry GDPPDF (309 KB)
  4. ^ Cullinane, J.P. 1973 Phycology of the South Coast of Ireland. University College Cork

“PDF” redirects here. ...

See also

  • List of abbeys and priories in the Republic of Ireland (County Cork)

Abbeys and priories in the Republic of Ireland is a link page for any abbey, priory, friary or other monastic religious house in the Republic of Ireland. ...

External links

Coordinates: 51°58′N 8°35′W / 51.967, -8.583 In typography, italic type /tælk/ or /atælk/ refers to cursive typefaces based on a stylized form of calligraphic handwriting. ... For technical reasons, :) and some similar combinations starting with : redirect here. ... An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, who has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery, or other item. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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