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Encyclopedia > Country music
Country music
Stylistic origins
Cultural origins
Typical instruments
Mainstream popularity 1920s–present

High in USA and Australia West Virginia fiddler Edden Hammons, accompanied by his son James on the banjo Old-time music is a form of North American folk music, with roots in the folk musics of many countries, including England, Scotland, Ireland and Africa. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Spiritual as a noun is used to denote songs created by American slaves, and the style in which they were sung. ... The Music of England has a long history. ... Celtic music is a term utilized by artists, record companies, music stores and music magazines to describe a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Northern Europe. ... Historic Southern United States. ... Areas included within the Appalachian Regional Commissions charter. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... Pedal steel guitar with two 10-string necks The pedal steel guitar is a type of Electric guitar that uses a metal slide to stop the strings, rather than fingers on strings as with a conventional guitar. ... A modern Gibson Dobro Dobro is a trade name now owned by Gibson Guitar Corporation and used for a particular design of resonator guitar. ... A harmonica is a free reed wind instrument. ... A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass[1][2]; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... “Fiddler” redirects here. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments. ...


Medium in United Kingdom, Canada and New Zealand

Low in Asia, Latin America, and Europe (except UK).
Derivative forms Bluegrass, Dansband
Subgenres
Bakersfield Sound - Bluegrass - Close harmony - Honky tonk - Jug band - Lubbock Sound - Nashville Sound - Neotraditional Country - Outlaw country - Red Dirt - Texas Country
Fusion genres
Alternative country - Country rock - Psychobilly - Rockabilly - Cowpunk - Country-rap - Country pop - Western Swing
Other topics
Country musicians - List of years in country music

Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. It has roots in traditional folk music, Celtic music, blues, gospel music, hokum, and old-time music and evolved rapidly in the 1920s.[1] The term country music began to be used in the 1940s when the earlier term hillbilly music was deemed to be degrading, and the term was widely embraced in the 1970s, while country and western has declined in use since that time, except in the United Kingdom, where it is still commonly used.[1] For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Bakersfield sound was a genre of country music developed in the mid- to late 1950s in and around Bakersfield, California, at bars such as The Blackboard. ... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music. ... Close harmony is an arrangement of the notes of chords within a narrow range, typically one octave. ... Honky tonk was originally the name of a type of bar common throughout the southern United States, also Honkatonk or Honkey-tonk. ... A jug band is a band employing a jug player and a mix of traditional and home-made instruments. ... Lubbock sound is a genre of American music that began with the popularity of Lubbock, Texas native Buddy Holly. ... The Nashville Sound (often known as Countrypolitan) arose during the late 1950s as a sub-genre of American country music, replacing the chart dominance of the Honky Tonk sound which was most popular in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Neotraditional country, also known as new traditional country, is a country music style that rejects most elements of modern Top 40 country music. ... Willie Nelson Outlaw country was a significant trend in country music during the late 1960s and the 1970s (and even into the 1980s in some cases), commonly referred to as The Outlaw Movement (both by fans and by people in the music industry) or simply Outlaw music [1]. The focus... Red Dirt is a genre of music based in and around Stillwater, Oklahoma (the college town where Oklahoma State University is located). ... // Texas Country Music (more popularly known just as Texas Country or Texas music) is a rapidly growing sub-genre of Country Music. ... Matt Hillyer of Texas-based Eleven Hundred Springs Alternative country is a term applied to various subgenres of country music. ... For the geological term, see Country rock (geology). ... Psychobilly is a genre of rock music that mixes elements of punk rock, rockabilly, and other genres. ... Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... Cowpunk or Country Punk is a subgenre of punk rock that began in southern California in the 1980s, especially Los Angeles. ... Country-rap is the fusion of country music with hip hop music. ... Country Pop is a subgenre of country music that first emerged in the 1970s, with roots in both the countrypolitan sound and in soft rock. ... Western swing is, first and foremost, a fusion of country music, several styles of jazz, pop music and blues aimed at dancers. ... This is an alphabetical list of country music performers. ... This page indexes the individual year in country music pages. ... The music of the United States includes a number of kinds of distinct folk and popular music, including some of the most widely-recognized styles in the world. ... Historic Southern United States. ... The Appalachian Mountains are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... Folk song redirects here. ... Celtic music is a term utilized by artists, record companies, music stores and music magazines to describe a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Northern Europe. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Gospel music is music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as (in terms of the varying music styles) to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music. ... Hokum is a particular song type of American blues music - a humorous song which uses extended analogies or euphemistic terms to make sexual innuendoes. ... West Virginia fiddler Edden Hammons, accompanied by his son James on the banjo Old-time music is a form of North American folk music, with roots in the folk musics of many countries, including England, Scotland, Ireland and Africa. ... Hillbilly is a term, often considered pejorative but sometimes endearing, referring to people who dwell in remote, rural, mountainous areas. ...


In the Southwestern United States a different mix of ethnic groups created the music that became the Western music of the term country and western. The Southwest could be defined as the states south, or for the most part west of the Mississippi River, with the qualification of a certain northern limit, such as the 37, or 38, or 39, or 40 degree north line. ... By county. ... Poster from the Western Music, directly related to the old English, Scottish, and Irish folk ballads, was originally composed by and about the people settling and working in the American West and western Canada. ...


Country music has produced two of the top selling solo artists of all time. Elvis Presley, who was known early on as “The Hillbilly Cat” and was a regular on the radio program Louisiana Hayride[2], went on to become a defining figure in the emerging genre of rock 'n roll. Garth Brooks is one of the top-selling country artists of all time, and except for a short foray into non-country in the late 1990s, has remained in that genre. Elvis redirects here. ... The Louisiana Hayride was a radio broadcast from the Municipal Auditorium in Shreveport, Louisiana, United States that during its heyday from 1948 to 1960 helped launch the careers of the some of the greatest names in American music. ... Rock and roll (also spelled rock n roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Troyal Garth Brooks (born February 7, 1962) is an American Country Music artist. ...


While album sales of most musical genres have declined, country music experienced one of its best years in 2006, when, during the first six months of the year, U.S. sales of country albums increased by 17.7 percent to 36 million. Moreover, country music listening nationwide has remained steady for almost a decade, reaching 77.3 million adults every week according to the radio-ratings agency Arbitron Inc. [3][4]


The term "country music" is used to describe many styles, genres, or subgenres. This is a list of music genres derived from and related to country music Alternative country Appalachian Americana Bakersfield sound Bluegrass New traditional bluegrass Old-time bluegrass/Appalachian bluegrass Progressive bluegrass Cajun Close harmony Country gospel Country pop/Cosmopolitan country Cowpunk Country rock/Cosmic American music Country soul Deathcountry Folk...

Contents

Early history

Immigrants to the Southern Appalachian Mountains of North America brought the music and instruments of the Old World along with them for nearly 300 years. The Irish fiddle, the German derived dulcimer, the Italian mandolin, the Spanish guitar, and the African banjo[5] were the most common musical instruments. The interactions among musicians from different ethnic groups produced music unique to this region of North America. Appalachian string bands of the early twentieth century primarliy consisted of the fiddle, guitar, and banjo.[6] This early country music along with early recorded country music is often referred to as Old-time music. Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... The Appalachian Mountains are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... “Fiddler” redirects here. ... Two Appalachian dulcimers The Appalachian dulcimer is a fretted string instrument of the zither family, typically with three or four strings, although contemporary versions of the instrument can have as many as twelve strings and six courses. ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments. ... North American redirects here. ... The Appalachian Mountains are a system of North American mountains running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada to Alabama in the United States, although the northernmost mainland portion ends at the Gaspe Peninsula of Quebec. ... West Virginia fiddler Edden Hammons, accompanied by his son James on the banjo Old-time music is a form of North American folk music, with roots in the folk musics of many countries, including England, Scotland, Ireland and Africa. ...


Throughout the nineteenth century, several immigrant groups from Europe, most notably from Ireland, The United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, and Italy moved to Texas. These groups interacted with the Spanish, Mexican, Native American, and U.S. communities that were already established in Texas. As a result of this cohabitation and extended contact, Texas has developed unique cultural traits that are rooted in the culture of all of its founding communities. The settlers from the areas now known as Germany and the Czech Republic established large dance halls in Texas where farmers and townspeople from neighboring communities could gather, dance, and spend a night enjoying each other’s company. The music at these halls, brought from Europe, included the waltz and the polka, played on an accordion, an instrument invented in Italy, which was loud enough to fill the entire dance hall.[7] 2000 Census Population Ancestry Map Immigration to the United States of America is the movement of non-residents to the United States. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the European Union. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States and their history after European contact, chiefly in what is now the United States. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Waltz (disambiguation). ... Street musicians in Prague playing a polka Polka is a fast, lively Central European dance, and also a genre of dance music. ... For other uses, see Accordion (disambiguation). ...


Early recorded history

The first commercial recording of what can be considered country music was "Sallie Gooden" by fiddlist A.C. (Eck) Robertson in 1922 for Victor Records. Columbia Records began issuing records with "hillbilly" music (series 15000D "Old Familiar Tunes") as early as 1924.[8] A year earlier on June 14, 1923 Fiddlin' John Carson recorded "Little Log Cabin in the Lane" for Okeh Records.[9] Vernon Dalhart was the first country singer to have a nationwide hit in May of 1924 with "Wreck of the Old '97".[10][11] The flip side of this record was "Lonesome Road Blues", which also became very popular.[12] Other important early recording artists were Riley Puckett, Don Richardson, Fiddlin' John Carson, Al Hopkins, Charlie Poole and the North Carolina Ramblers and The Skillet Lickers.[13] The steel guitar entered country music as early as 1922, when Jimmie Tarlton met famed Hawaiian guitarist Frank Ferera on the West Coast.[14] Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fiddlin John Carson (March 23, 1868–December 11, 1949) was an early country music musician. ... Okeh Records began as an independent record label based in the United States of America in 1918; from the late 1920s on was a subsidiary of Columbia Records. ... Vernon Dalhart (6 April 1883 - 15 September 1948) was a popular United States singer and songwriter of the early decades of the 20th century. ... Danville, Virginia, 1903 The Old 97, a Southern Railway train enroute to Spencer, North Carolina, derailed at Stillhouse Trestle near Danville, Virginia on September 27, 1903, killing eleven. ... George Riley Puckett (May 7, 1894 - July 14, 1946) was a country music pioneer, born in Alpharetta, Georgia, USA. An accident during infancy left him blind. ... Don Richardson who some people claim made the first country music recording in 1914. ... Fiddlin John Carson (March 23, 1868–December 11, 1949) was an early country music musician. ... Albert Green Hopkins (1889 – October 21, 1932)[1] (Al Hopkins) was an American musician, a pioneer of what later came to be called country music; in 1925 he originated the earlier designation of this music as hillbilly music,[2] though not without qualms about its pejorative connotation. ... Charlie Poole and the North Carolina Ramblers were an American country string band that recorded a number of songs with banjo, fiddle and guitar from 1925 to 1930. ... Frank Ferera Frank Ferera (1885-1951) was a Hawaiian musician who recorded successfully between 1915 and 1930. ...


The origins of modern country music can be traced to two seminal influences and a remarkable coincidence. Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family are widely considered to be the founders of country music, and their songs were first captured at a historic recording session in Bristol, Tennessee/Bristol, Virginia on August 1, 1927, where Ralph Peer was the talent scout and sound recordist.[15] For other persons of the same name, see Jimmie Rodgers. ... Maybelle, A.P. and Sara The Carter Family was a country music group that performed and recorded between 1927 and 1943. ... The Bristol sessions are considered the Big Bang of modern country music. ... State Street separates Virginia (left) and Tennessee (right). ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Motto: A Good Place to Live Nickname: The Birthplace of Country Music Map Political Statistics County Independent city Mayor To Be Determined Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 34. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ralph Peer (May 22, 1892 - January 19, 1960) was born Ralph Sylvester Peer in Independence, Missouri. ...


Rodgers fused hillbilly country, gospel, jazz, blues, pop, cowboy, and folk; and many of his best songs were his compositions, including “Blue Yodel” (Victor 21142 [9]), which sold over a million records and established Rodgers as the premier singer of early country music. [10] [16]


Beginning in 1927, and for the next 17 years the Carters recorded some 300 old-time ballads, traditional tunes, country songs, and Gospel hymns, all representative of America's southeastern folklore and heritage.[17]


One effect of the Great Depression was to reduce the number of records that could be sold. Radio, and broadcasting, became a popular source of entertainment, and "barn dance" shows featuring country music were started all over the South, as far north as Chicago, and as far west as California. One of the most important of these shows was the Grand Ole Opry from 650 WSM in Nashville, TN. Some of the early stars on the Opry were Uncle Dave Macon, Roy Acuff, and African American harmonica player DeFord Bailey. WSM's 50,000 watt signal (1934) could often be heard across the country.[18] For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The Grand Ole Opry is a weekly Saturday night country music radio program broadcast live on WSM radio in Nashville, Tennessee, and televised on Great American Country network. ... WSM may refer to one of the following: AM radio station WSM in Nashville, Tennessee, USA FM radio station WSM-FM, also in Nashville Web-based System Manager, an IBM management software for administering AIX 5L host on RS/6000 systems. ... Uncle Dave Macon Uncle Dave Macon (October 7, 1870 - March 22, 1952) was an American farmer, banjo player, singer, songwriter and comedian. ... Roy Acuff on the cover of The Great Roy Acuff (1964) Roy Claxton Acuff (15 September 1903 – 23 November 1992) was an American country musician. ... DeFord Bailey (December 14, 1899 – July 2, 1982) was an early country music star and the first African American performer on the Grand Ole Opry. ...


Singing Cowboys, Western Swing, and Hillbilly Boogie

During the 1930s and 1940s Cowboy songs, or "Western music", which had been recorded since the 1920s, were popularized by films made in Hollywood. Some of the popular singing cowboys from the era were, Gene Autry, the Sons of the Pioneers, and Roy Rogers.[19] Cowboy songs are often associated with songs that the cowboys sang at night around the campfire with a lot of yodeling and sometimes accompanied by a guitar, banjo (and perhaps some canned beans). ... A statue of the singing cowboy, Gene Autry, outside the Autry Museum of Western Heritage in Los Angeles, California A singing cowboy was a subtype of the archetypal cowboy hero of early Western films, popularized by many of the B-movies of the 1930s and the 1940s. ... Orvon Gene Autry (September 29, 1907 – October 2, 1998) was an American performer who gained fame as The Singing Cowboy on the radio, in movies and on television. ... The Sons of the Pioneers was a cowboy singing group founded in 1933 by Leonard Slye (better known by his later screen name Roy Rogers), with Tim Spencer and Bob Nolan. ... Dale Evans and Roy Rogers at the 61st Academy Awards Leonard Franklin Slye (November 5, 1911 – July 6, 1998), who became famous as Roy Rogers, was a singer and cowboy actor. ...


Another "country" musician from the Lower Great Plains who had become very popular as the leader of a “hot string band”, and who also appeared in Hollywood Westerns was Bob Wills. His mix of "country" and jazz, which started out as dance hall music, would become known as Western Swing. Spade Cooley and Tex Williams also had very popular bands and appeared in films. At the height of its popularity, Western Swing rivaled the popularity of other big band jazz. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... James Robert (Bob) Wills (March 6, 1905 – May 13, 1975) was an American country musician, songwriter, and big band leader. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Western swing is, first and foremost, a fusion of country music, several styles of jazz, pop music and blues aimed at dancers. ... Donnell Clyde Spade Cooley (December 17, 1910- November 23, 1969) was an American western swing musician known for stomping his second wife, Ella Mae Evans, to death in front of their daughter. ... Tex Williams (August 23, 1917 - October 11, 1985) was an American country musician from Ramsey, Illinois. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s. ...


Country musicians began recording boogie in 1939, shortly after it had been played at Carnegie Hall, when Johnny Barfield recorded "Boogie Woogie". The trickle of what was initially called Hillbilly Boogie, or Okie Boogie (later to be renamed Country Boogie), became a flood beginning around late 1945. One notable country boogie from this period was the Delmore Brothers' "Freight Train Boogie", considered to be part of the combined evolution of country music and blues towards rockabilly. In 1948 Arthur "Guitar Boogie" Smith achieved Top 10 US country chart success with his MGM Records recordings of "Guitar Boogie" and "Banjo Boogie", with the former crossing over to the US pop charts.[20] Other country boogie artists include Merrill Moore, and Tennessee Ernie Ford. The Hillbilly Boogie period lasted into the 1950s, and remains as one of many subgenres of country into the twenty first century. For other uses, see Boogie-woogie (disambiguation). ... Alton (1908-1964) and Rabon Delmore (1916-1952), billed as The Delmore Brothers, were country music pioneers and stars of the Grand Ole Opry in the 1930s. ... Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... Arthur Smith (born April 1, 1921 in Clinton, South Carolina) is an American musician and songwriter. ... Merrill Moore (1903 – 1957) was an American M.D., psychiatrist and poet. ... Tennessee Ernie Ford Ernest Jennings Ford (February 13, 1919 – October 17, 1991), better known by the stage name Tennessee Ernie Ford, was a pioneering U.S. recording artist and television host who enjoyed success in the country & western, pop, and gospel musical genres. ...


By the end of World War II "mountaineer" string band music known as Bluegrass had emerged when Bill Monroe joined with Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs, led by Roy Acuff at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville, Tennessee. Gospel music, too, remained a popular component of country music. Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music. ... For the retired NBC News correspondent of the same name, see Bill Monroe (journalist). ... Lester Flatt (June 19, 1914 - May 11, 1979) was one of the pioneers of bluegrass music. ... Earl Scruggs performing at The Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival on June 12th, 2005 Earl Eugene Scruggs (born January 6, 1924) is a musician noted for creating a banjo style (now called Scruggs style) that is a defining characteristic of bluegrass music. ... Roy Acuff on the cover of The Great Roy Acuff (1964) Roy Claxton Acuff (15 September 1903 – 23 November 1992) was an American country musician. ... The Grand Ole Opry is a weekly Saturday night country music radio program broadcast live on WSM radio in Nashville, Tennessee, and televised on Great American Country network. ... Nashville redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ...


Another type of stripped down and raw music with a variety of moods and a basic ensemble of guitar, bass, dobro or steel guitar and sometimes drums became popular, especially among poverty striken white southerners. It became known as Honky Tonk and had its roots in Texas. East Texan Al Dexter had a hit with "Honky Tonk Blues", and seven years later "Pistol Packin' Mama". [21] These "honky tonk" songs associated barrooms, were performed by the likes of Ernest Tubb, Ted Daffin, Floyd Tillman, and the Maddox Brothers and Rose, and Hank Williams, would later be called "traditional" country. Ernest Dale Tubb (February 9, 1914 – September 6, 1984), nicknamed the Texas Troubadour, was an American singer and songwriter and one of the pioneers of country music. ... Floyd Tillman (1914 – 2003) country musician who in the 1930s-40s helped create the western swing and honky tonk styles of music. ... The Maddox Brothers and Rose was a country music band which was based in California from the 1930s to the 1950s. ... For other persons named Hank Williams, see Hank Williams (disambiguation). ...


In this post WWII period "country" music was called "folk" in the trades, and "hillbilly" within the industry. [22]


Many musicians performed and recorded songs in any number of styles. Moon Mullican played Western Swing, but also recorded songs that can be called rockabilly. Bill Haley sang cowboy songs, and was at one time a cowboy yodeler. Haley became most famous as an early player of rock n roll. Lefty Frizzell played in honky tonks Jimmie Rodgers-stylings to his environment, thus creating a sound that was very much his own. Moon Mullican was an American country and western singer and pianist in the late 1940s and 1950s from Louisiana. ... Bill Haley, with his band, the Comets, was one of the first rock and roll acts to tour the United Kingdom. ... William Orville Lefty Frizzell (March 31, 1928 – July 19, 1975) was an American country music singer and songwriter of the 1950s; a leading exponent of the Honky Tonk style of country music. ... Jimmie Rodgers was the name of two singers: Jimmie Rodgers (country singer) Jimmie Rodgers (pop singer) Jimmie Rodgers (SPC Deputy Director General) Note that there was also a Jimmy Rogers (note the spelling), a blues singer born in 1924. ...


The 1950s and 1960s

By the late 1940s, Nashville began to slowly integrate the popular big band jazz and swing sounds of top 40 radio with the honky tonk storytelling of country pioneers. Between 1947 and 1949, country crooner Eddy Arnold placed a total of 8 songs in the top 10.[23][24] A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s. ... Eddy Arnold (May 15, 1918) is an American country music singer. ...


The countrypolitan sound of Nashville

Beginning in the mid 50's, and reaching its peak during the early 1960s, the "Nashville Sound" turned country music into a multimillion-dollar industry centered on Nashville, Tennessee. Under the direction of producers such as Chet Atkins, Owen Bradley, and later Billy Sherrill, the "Nashville sound" brought country music to a diverse audience and helped revive country as it emerged from a commercially fallow period.[25] This sound was notable for borrowing from 1950s pop stylings: a prominent and "smooth" vocal, backed by a string section and vocal chorus. Instrumental soloing was de-emphasized in favor of trademark "licks". Leading artists in this genre included Patsy Cline, Jim Reeves, and later Tammy Wynette and Charlie Rich. The "slip note" piano style of session musician Floyd Cramer was an important component of this style. Peter Dempsey was also active during this period. The Nashville Sound (often known as Countrypolitan) arose during the late 1950s as a sub-genre of American country music, replacing the chart dominance of the Honky Tonk sound which was most popular in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Nashville redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... This article is about the musician. ... The cover of Bradleys biggest single as a performer, Big Guitar. ... Billy Sherrill (born Campbell, Alabama, November 5, 1936) was a record producer and arranger who is most famous for his association with a number of country artists, most notably Tammy Wynette. ... Patsy Cline (b. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tammy Wynette (May 5, 1942 – April 6, 1998) was an American country singer and songwriter. ... Charlie Rich (December 14, 1932 - July 25, 1995) was an American musician, songwriter, and pianist. ... Floyd Cramer (October 27, 1933 - December 31, 1997) was an American Hall of Fame pianist who was one of the architects of the Nashville Sound. ...


Rockabilly

1956 could be called the year of rockabilly in country music. The number 2, 3, and 4 songs on Billboard's charts for that year are: Elvis Presley "Heartbreak Hotel", Johnny Cash "I Walk the Line", and Carl Perkins "Blue Suede Shoes".[26] Cash and Presley would place songs in the top 5 in 1958 with #3 "Guess Things Happen That Way/Come In, Stranger" by Cash, and #5 by Presley "Don't/I Beg Of You".[27] Elvis redirects here. ... For the Whitney Houston song, see Heartbreak Hotel (Whitney Houston song). ... For the song of the same name, recorded by Tracy Byrd and later by Jason Aldean, see Johnny Cash (song). ... I Walk the Line is a song written by Johnny Cash and recorded in 1956. ... For other persons named Carl Perkins, see Carl Perkins (disambiguation). ... Blue Suede Shoes is a rock and roll standard written and first recorded by Carl Perkins in 1955. ...


What is now most commonly referred to as rockabilly was most popular with country music fans in the 1950s, and was recorded and performed by country musicians. Within a few years many rockabilly musicians returned to a more mainstrean style, or had defined their own unique style. Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ...


By the end of the decade, backlash as well as traditional artists such as Ray Price, Marty Robbins, and Johnny Horton began to shift the industry away from the Rock n' Roll influences of the mid-50's. Ray Price (born January 12, 1926), is an American country and western singer. ... Marty Robbins (September 26, 1925 – December 8, 1982) was one of the most popular and successful American country and western singers of his era. ... Johnny Horton (April 30, 1925 – November 4, 1960) was an American country music singer who was most famous for his semi-folk, so-called saga songs. With them, he had several major crossover hits, most notably in 1959 with The Battle of New Orleans which won the 1960 Grammy Award...


Bakersfield Sound

Located 112 miles (180 km) north north west of Los Angeles, Bakersfield, California gave rise to one of the next genres of country music. This sound grew out of hardcore honky tonk with elements of Western swing, and was influenced by one time West Coast residents Bob Wills and Lefty Frizzell. By 1966 it was known as the Bakersfield Sound. The Bakersfield Sound relied on electric instruments and amplification, in particular the Telecaster electric guitar, more than other subgenres of country of the era, and can be described as having a sharp, hard, driving, no-frills, edgy flavor. Leading practitioners of this style were Buck Owens, Merle Haggard, Tommy Collins, and Wynn Stewart, each of whom had his own style.[28] [29] Western swing is, first and foremost, a fusion of country music, several styles of jazz, pop music and blues aimed at dancers. ... James Robert (Bob) Wills (March 6, 1905 – May 13, 1975) was an American country musician, songwriter, and big band leader. ... William Orville Lefty Frizzell (March 31, 1928 – July 19, 1975) was an American country music singer and songwriter of the 1950s; a leading exponent of the Honky Tonk style of country music. ... The Bakersfield sound was a genre of country music developed in the mid- to late 1950s in and around Bakersfield, California, at bars such as The Blackboard. ... 1950s-style Telecaster with natural finish, with metal bridge cover removed. ... Alvis Edgar Buck Owens, Jr. ... Merle Ronald Haggard (born April 6, 1937) is an American country music singer, guitarist and songwriter. ... Thomas Collins a. ... Winford Lindsey Stewart (born June 7, 1934 in Morrisville, Missouri, died July 17, 1985 in Hendersonville, Tennessee) was an American country music performer. ...


Changing instrumentation in the mid twentieth century

Drums

Drums were scorned by early country musicians as being "too loud" and "not pure", but by 1935 Western Swing big band leader Bob Wills had added drums to the Texas Playboys. In the mid 1940s, The Grand Ole Opry did not want the Playboys’ drummer to appear on stage. Although drums were commonly used by rockabilly groups by 1955, the less-conservative-than-the-Grand Ole Opry Louisiana Hayride kept their infrequently-used drummer back stage as late as 1956. By the early 1960s, however, it was rare that a country band didn't have a drummer.[30] A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s. ... The Grand Ole Opry is a weekly Saturday night country music radio program broadcast live on WSM radio in Nashville, Tennessee. ... The Louisiana Hayride was a radio broadcast from the Municipal Auditorium in Shreveport, Louisiana, United States that during its heyday from 1948 to 1960 helped launch the careers of the some of the greatest names in American music. ...


Electric guitar

Bob Wills was one of the first country musicians known to have added an electric guitar to his band, in 1938.[31]. A decade later (1948) Arthur Smith achieved Top 10 US country chart success with his MGM Records recording of "Guitar Boogie", which crossed over to the US pop chart, introducing many people to the potential of the electric guitar. For several decades Nashville session players preferred the warm tones of the Gibson and Gretsch archtop electrics, but a “hot” Fender style, utilizing guitars which became available beginning in the early 1950s, eventually prevailed as the signature guitar sound of country.[32][33] Arthur Smith (born April 1, 1921 in Clinton, South Carolina) is an American musician and songwriter. ...


Not Nashville

In 1962 Ray Charles surprised the pop world by turning his attention to country & western music, topping the charts and rating # 3 for the year on BillBoard’s pop chart[34] with the "I Can't Stop Loving You" single, and recording the hugely popular album Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music. For Ray Charles, the composer and conductor of the Ray Charles Singers, see Ray Charles (composer). ... I Cant Stop Loving You was an international smash for legendary musician Ray Charles in 1962. ... Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music is a 1962 album by Ray Charles. ...


Outlaw Country

Derived from the traditional and honky tonk sounds of the late 50's and 60's, including Ray Price (whose band, the "Cherokee Cowboys", included Willie Nelson and Roger Miller) and mixed with the anger of an alienated subculture of the nation during the period, outlaw country revolutionized the genre of Country music. Ray Price (born January 12, 1926) is an American country and western singer. ... Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 30, 1933) is an American singer-songwriter and actor. ... A section of the album jacket for Golden Hits Roger Dean Miller (January 2, 1936 – October 25, 1992) was an American singer, songwriter, and musician. ... Willie Nelson Outlaw country was a significant trend in country music during the late 1960s and the 1970s (and even into the 1980s in some cases), commonly referred to as The Outlaw Movement (both by fans and by people in the music industry) or simply Outlaw music [1]. The focus...


"After I left Nashville (the early 70s), I wanted to relax and play the music that I wanted to play, and just stay around Texas, maybe Oklahoma. Waylon and I had that outlaw image going, and when it caught on at colleges and we started selling records, we were O.K. The whole outlaw thing, it had nothing to do with the music, it was something that got written in an article, and the young people said, 'Well, that's pretty cool.' And started listening." (Willie Nelson)[35] Waylon Arnold Jennings (June 15, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was a respected and influential American country music singer and musician. ...


The term "Outlaw Country" is traditionally associated with Willie Nelson, Waylon Jennings, and Billy Joe Shaver, and was encapsulated in the 1976 record Wanted! The Outlaws. Billy Joe Shaver (He was born August 16, 1939 in Corsicana, Texas) is an American country music singer and songwriter. ... Wanted! The Outlaws is an album by Waylon Jennings, Willie Nelson, Jessi Colter and Tompall Glaser, released in RCA Victor in 1976 and consisting of previously released material. ...


Country Rock

The late 1960s in American music produced a unique blend as a result of traditionalist backlash within separate genres. In the aftermath of the British Invasion, many desired a return to the "old values" of Rock n' Roll. At the same time there was a lack of enthusiasm in the Country sector for Nashville-produced music. What resulted was a crossbred genre known as Country Rock. For other uses, see British Invasion (disambiguation). ... For the geological term, see Country rock (geology). ...


Early innovators in this new style of music in the 60s and 70s included Rock n' Roll icon band The Byrds (while Gram Parsons was the front man) and its spin-off The Flying Burrito Brothers, Commander Cody, Allman Brothers, The Marshall Tucker Band and The Eagles among many. Even The Rolling Stones got into the act with songs like Honky Tonk Woman which resulted in many others recording country rock type songs including Neil Young. Rock and roll (also spelled rock n roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Not to be confused with The Birds (band). ... Gram Parsons (November 5, 1946 – September 19, 1973) was an American singer, songwriter, guitarist and pianist. ... Cover of The Gilded Palace of Sin (1969) The Flying Burrito Brothers was an early country rock band, best known for its influential debut album, 1969s The Gilded Palace of Sin. ... Commander Cody may refer to: The stage name of George Frayne, leader of the rock and roll band Commander Cody and His Lost Planet Airmen, and, informally, the band itself A minor character in the Star wars movie universe, see Commander Cody The 1950s science-fiction serial character, who name... The Allman Brothers Band is a pioneering and innovative Southern rock group from Macon, Georgia originally popular in the 1970s, described by Rolling Stones George Kimball in 1971 as the best . ... The Marshall Tucker Band is an American Southern rock band originally from Spartanburg, South Carolina. ... The Eagles are an American rock music group that originally came together in Los Angeles, California in the early 1970s. ... Rolling Stones redirects here. ... Honky Tonk Women was a 1969 hit song by the Rolling Stones. ... This article is about the musician. ...


Subsequent to the initial blending of the two polar opposite genres, other offspring soon resulted, including Southern Rock, Heartland Rock and in more recent years Alternative Country. Southern rock is a subgenre of rock music. ... In the late 1970s and 1980s, one of the most popular forms of rock and roll was heartland rock. ... Matt Hillyer of Texas-based Eleven Hundred Springs Alternative country is a term applied to various subgenres of country music. ...


In the decades that followed, artists such as Alabama, Hank Williams, Jr., Keith Urban, Shania Twain, Garth Brooks, Dwight Yoakam, Steve Earle, Rosanne Cash and Linda Ronstadt moved Country farther towards rock influence. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about Hank Williams, Jr. ... Keith Lionel Urban (born 26 October 1967, New Zealand), is a New Zealand Grammy- and ARIA-winning country music singer. ... Shania Twain, IPA:  OC (born Eilleen Regina Edwards on August 28, 1965) is a Canadian singer and songwriter in the country and pop music genres. ... Troyal Garth Brooks (born February 7, 1962) is an American Country Music artist. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Steve Earle (born Stephen Fain Earle January 17, 1955) is an American singer-songwriter, well known for his rock and country music, as well as for his political views. ... Rosanne Cash (born May 24, 1955) is an American singer and songwriter. ... Linda Marie Ronstadt (born July 15, 1946 in Tucson, Arizona) is an American popular vocalist and entertainer who has earned multiple Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, numerous certified gold, platinum and multiplatinum albums, and Tony Award and Golden Globe nominations. ...


Country-Pop

Country Pop or soft pop, with roots in both the countrypolitan sound and in soft rock, is a subgenre of country music that first emerged in the 1970s. Although the term first referred to country music songs and artists that crossed over to top 40 radio, country pop acts are now more likely to cross over to adult contemporary. Country Pop is a subgenre of country music that first emerged in the 1970s, with roots in both the countrypolitan sound and in soft rock. ... The Nashville sound in country music arose during the 1950s in the United States. ... Soft rock, also referred to as light rock or easy rock, is a style of music which uses the techniques of rock and roll to compose a softer, supposedly more ear-pleasing sound for listening, often at work or when driving. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ...


Country pop found its first widespread acceptance during the 1970s. It started with Pop music singers, like The Bellamy Brothers, Glen Campbell, John Denver, Olivia Newton-John, Marie Osmond, B.J. Thomas and Anne Murray having hits on the Country charts. Campbell's "Rhinestone Cowboy" was among one of the biggest crossover hits in Country music history. These Pop-oriented singers thought that they could gain higher record sales and a larger audience if they crossed over into the Country world. The Bellamy Brothers are an American country music duo composed of two brothers: David M. Bellamy (born David Milton Bellamy on September 16, 1950[1]) and Howard Bellamy (born Homer Howard Bellamy on February 2, 1946[1]), both from Darby, Florida, United States. ... For the town in Clearfield County, Pennsylvania, see Glen Campbell, Pennsylvania. ... John Denver (December 31, 1943 â€“ October 12, 1997), born Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr. ... Olivia Newton-John, AO, OBE (born September 26, 1948) is a Grammy Award-winning and Golden Globe-nominated English-born, Australian pop singer, songwriter and actress. ... Olive Marie Osmond (born October 13, 1959 in Ogden, Utah) is an American actress, singer, and a member of the show business family, The Osmonds. ... Billy Joe Thomas (born August 7, 1942) is an Oklahoma-born country singer. ... Not to be confused with Ann Murray. ...


In 1974 Olivia Newton-John, an Australian pop singer, won the "Best Female Country Vocal Performance" as well as the Country Music Association's most coveted award for females, "Female Vocalist of the Year". In the same year, a group of artists, troubled by this trend, formed the short-lived Association of Country Entertainers. The debate raged into 1975, and reached its apex at that year's Country Music Association Awards when reigning Entertainer of the Year, Charlie Rich (who himself had a series of crossover hits), presented the award to his successor, John Denver. As he read Denver's name, Rich set fire to the envelope with a cigarette lighter. The action was taken as a protest against the increasing pop style in country music. Charlie Rich (December 14, 1932 - July 25, 1995) was an American musician, songwriter, and pianist. ...


In 1980 country music was popularized by the film Urban Cowboy starring John Travolta and spurred on by Dolly Parton's movie 9 to 5. Among other songs "Urban Cowboy" featured "The Devil Went Down to Georgia" by the Charlie Daniels Band.[36] This article is about the 1980 film. ... John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, dancer, and singer, best known for his leading roles in films such as Saturday Night Fever, Grease and Pulp Fiction. ... Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946) is a Grammy Award-winning country music singer/songwriter, author, actress and philanthropist. ... The Devil Went Down to Georgia is a country song written and performed by the Charlie Daniels Band and released on their 1979 [1] album Million Mile Reflections. ... Charles Edward Daniels (born October 28, 1936) is a very popular country singer. ...


Willie Nelson had 2 songs in the Billboard top 5 in the early eighties: "Always On My Mind" (1982),and "To All The Girls I've Loved Before" with Julio Iglesias; (1984) both at #5. Four songs topped the Billboard Hot 100 that decade: "Lady" by Kenny Rogers (by the very end of 1980) that ended as the #3 song for the whole 1981, the aforementioned "9 to 5" by Dolly Parton, "I Love a Rainy Night" by Eddie Rabbitt (these two back to back at the Top in 1981), and "Islands in the Stream", by Dolly Parton and Kenny Rogers in 1983, a pop-country crossover hit written by Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb, of the Bee Gees. [37] Kenneth Ray[2] Kenny Rogers (born August 21, 1938, in Houston, Texas) is a prolific American country music singer, photographer, producer, songwriter, actor and businessman. ... Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946) is a Grammy Award-winning country music singer/songwriter, author, actress and philanthropist. ... Eddie Rabbitt (born November 27, 1941 - May 7, 1998) was a country music singer. ... Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946) is a Grammy Award-winning country music singer/songwriter, author, actress and philanthropist. ... Kenneth Ray[2] Kenny Rogers (born August 21, 1938, in Houston, Texas) is a prolific American country music singer, photographer, producer, songwriter, actor and businessman. ... The Bee Gees were a singing trio of brothers — Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb — that became one of the most successful musical acts of the 20th century. ...


Other developments

In the mid 1990s country western music was influenced by the popularity of line dancing. This influence was so great that Chet Atkins was quoted as saying "The music has gotten pretty bad, I think. It's all that damn line dancing."[38] By the end of the decade, however, at least one line dance choreographer complained that good country line dance music was no longer being released. Line dance is a formation dance where a group of people stand in a line or in lines, and they all execute the same dance moves. ... This article is about the musician. ...


One infrequent, but consistent theme in country music is that of proud, stubborn independence. "Country Boy Can Survive"[39] and "Copperhead Road"[40] are two of the more serious songs along those lines; while "Some Girls Do"[41] and "Redneck Woman"[42] are more light-hearted variations on the theme.


There are at least four U.S. cable networks at least partly devoted to the genre: CMT (owned by Viacom), CMT Pure Country (also owned by Viacom), Rural Free Delivery TV (owned by Rural Media Group) and GAC (owned by The E. W. Scripps Company). The original American country music video cable channel was TNN (The Nashville Network). The channel was launched in the early 1980s. In 2000, the channel was renamed and reformatted to TNN (The National Network), which was a general-interest network to compete with USA Network, TNT, and Superstations, such as TBS and WGN. Subsequently, The National Network became Spike TV, the first network for men. Country Music Television, or CMT as it usually called, is an American country music oriented cable television channel. ... Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie studios). ... CMT Pure Country CMT Pure Country is a digital cable and satellite television channel, it is the sister network to CMT. It showcases country music videos from 1980s to the 2000s. ... RFD is a full-time United States satellite and cable television network devoted to rural issues, concerns, and interests. ... Great American Country (or GAC), is a Nashville, Tennessee-based country music cable television network. ... The E.W. Scripps Company (NYSE: SSP) is an American media conglomerate founded by Edward W. Scripps on November 2, 1878, originally known as the Cleveland Penny Press. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Country music outside the United States

Canada

Outside of the US, Canada has the largest country music fan and artist base. Canadian country music originated in Atlantic Canada in the form of celtic folk music popular amongst Irish and Scottish immigrants to Canada's Maritime Provinces. Despite this however, many traditional country artists are present in Eastern and Western Canada and make common use of fiddle and pedal steel guitar styles. Some notable Canadian country artists include: Shania Twain, Hank Snow, Wilf Carter, Stompin' Tom Connors and Anne Murray. Image File history File links Question_book-new. ... Shania Twain, IPA:  OC (born Eilleen Regina Edwards on August 28, 1965) is a Canadian singer and songwriter in the country and pop music genres. ... Clarence Eugene Snow (May 9, 1914 – December 20, 1999), better known as Hank Snow, was a Hall of Fame country music singer and songwriter. ... Wilf Carter (born December 18, 1904 in Port Hilford, Nova Scotia, Canada, died December 5, 1996 in Scottsdale, Arizona), also known as Montana Slim, was a Canadian country music singer and yodeler. ... Charles Thomas Stompin Tom Connors OC (born February 9, 1936) is one of Canadas most prolific and well-known folk singers. ... Not to be confused with Ann Murray. ...


Australia

Country music in Australia has always been popular, especially given the rural nature of the country. Starting in the 1800s with bush balladeers writing songs of their tales of the bush, as well as songs of protest against the tyranny of the government. In the 1940s the legendary Slim Dusty embarked on a country music career that spanned over fifty years and over 100 albums. Smoky Dawson was also a country music pioneer in Australia, modelling himself very much in the traditional cowboy style, even starring in his own comic books and radio serials. In more recent years, names like Keith Urban, Lee Kernaghan, Beccy Cole, Adam Brand, Troy Cassar Daley and Kasey Chambers have been keeping the tradition of country music alive, whilst also paving the way for new names in the industry, including Catherine Britt, Amber Lawrence, Shea Fisher, Talia Whitman and "Captain Goodtimes" Steve Forde. The constant source of up-to-date news and reviews in Australia is Country HQ, which assists the industry through showcasing the vast array of legends and new talent on the rise in the country music scene downunder.


Other International Country Music

Tom Roland, from the Country Music Association International, explains Country Music’s global popularity: “In this respect, at least, Country Music listeners around the globe have something in common with those in the United States. In Germany, for instance, Rohrbach identifies three general groups that gravitate to the genre: people intrigued with the American cowboy icon, middle-aged fans who seek an alternative to harder rock music and younger listeners drawn to the pop-influenced sound that underscores many current Country hits.”[43] The Country Music Association (CMA) was founded in 1958 in Nashville, Tennessee. ...


One of the first Americans to perform country music abroad was George Hamilton IV. He was the first country musician to perform in the Soviet Union; he also toured in Australia and the Middle East. He was deemed the "International Ambassador of Country Music" for his contributions to the globalization of country music.[44] Johnny Cash, Emmylou Harris, Keith Urban, and Dwight Yoakam have also made numerous international tours.[43] George Hamilton IV (born July 19, 1937 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina) is an American country musician, known across the world for singles like Before This Day Ends and Abilene. He began performing in the late 1950s as a teen idol, only later switching to pop-country, then folk music. ...


The Country Music Association undertakes various initiatives to promote country music internationally.[43] The Country Music Association (CMA) was founded in 1958 in Nashville, Tennessee. ...


Performer and shows

Main article: List of country performers by era
Main article: List of country television and radio shows

This is an alphabetical list of notable country music performers. ... Below is a list of notable country performers alphabetically by period, with each listing followed by a description of the artists work. ... The following lists country music TV and radio shows of note: American Country Countdown, a spinoff of American Top 40 hosted by Don Bowman (1973-1978), Bob Kingsley (now host of the similar Country Top 40, 1978-2005), and Kix Brooks (2006-present). ...

See also

The Academy of Country Music (ACM) was founded in 1964 in Los Angeles, California. ... The Country Music Association (CMA) was founded in 1958 in Nashville, Tennessee. ... WSM is the call letters of a 50,000 watt AM radio station (and its associated FM station) located in Nashville, Tennessee. ... This official history of the Country Music Hall of Fame skirts the scandals well-documented by veteran Music Row historian Stacy Harris. ... Great American Country (or GAC), is a Nashville, Tennessee-based country music cable television network. ... This is a list of music genres derived from and related to country music Alternative country Appalachian Americana Bakersfield sound Bluegrass New traditional bluegrass Old-time bluegrass/Appalachian bluegrass Progressive bluegrass Cajun Close harmony Country gospel Country pop/Cosmopolitan country Cowpunk Country rock/Cosmic American music Country soul Deathcountry Folk... Country/western dance, also called Country and Western dance, encompasses many dance forms or styles, which are typically danced to country-western music, and which are stylistically associated with American country and/or western traditions. ... Tejano music (Spanish-Texan music) is the name given to various forms of folk and popular music originating among the Hispanic populations of Central and Southern Texas. ... Street musicians in Prague playing a polka Polka is a fast, lively Central European dance, and also a genre of dance music. ... Poster from the Western Music, directly related to the old English, Scottish, and Irish folk ballads, was originally composed by and about the people settling and working in the American West and western Canada. ... Modern definition The states in dark red are almost always included in modern day definitions of the South, while those in medium red are usually included. ... Australian country music is a vibrant part of the music of Australia. ...

Further reading

  • In The Country of Country: A Journey to the Roots of American Music,
    Nicholas Dawidoff, Vintage Books, 1998, ISBN 0-375-70082-X
  • Are You Ready for the Country: Elvis, Dylan, Parsons and the Roots of Country Rock,
    Peter Dogget, Penguin Books, 2001, ISBN 0-14-026108-7
  • Roadkill on the Three-Chord Highway,
    Colin Escott, Routledge, 2002, ISBN 0-415-93783-3
  • Guitars & Cadillacs,
    Sabine Keevil, Thinking Dog Publishing, 2002, ISBN 0-9689973-0-9
  • Proud to Be an Okie: Cultural Politics, Country Music, and Migration to Southern California,
    Peter La Chapelle, University of California Press, 2007, ISBN 0-52-024889-9
  • Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity,
    Richard A. Peterson, University of Chicago Press, 1999, ISBN 0226662853
  • Country Music USA,
    Bill C. Malone, University of Texas Press, 1985, ISBN 0-292-71096-8, second Rev ed, 2002, ISBN 0-292-75262-8
  • Don't Get Above Your Raisin': Country Music and the Southern Working Class (Music in American Life),
    Bill C. Malone, University of Illinois Press, 2002, ISBN 0-252-02678-0
  • It All Happened In Renfro Valley,
    Pete Stamper, University of Kentucky Press, 1999, ISBN 978-0813109756

References

  1. ^ a b Peterson, Richard A. (1999). Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity, p.9. ISBN 0-226-66285-3.
  2. ^ http://www.jim-reeves.com/hayride.html Jim-reeves.com
  3. ^ http://www.roughstock.com/history/garthnew.html Roughstock.com
  4. ^ L.A. radio loses its twang / Last country station switches to pop format to attract more Hispanic adult women
  5. ^ http://bluegrassbanjo.org/banhist.html Bluegrassbanjo.org
  6. ^ http://www.shoppbs.org/sm-pbs-the-appalachians-dvd--pi-2048969.html#Details Shoppbs.org
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ http://settlet.fateback.com/COL15000D.htm Settlet.fateback.com
  9. ^ http://ourgeorgiahistory.com/chronpop/215 Ourgeorgiahistory.com
  10. ^ http://www.blueridgeinstitute.org/ballads/old97song.html Blueridgeinstitute.org
  11. ^ http://www.blueridgeinstitute.org/ballads/old97.html Blueridgeinstitute.org
  12. ^ Cohn, Lawrence; Aldin,Mary Katherine; Bastin,Bruce [September 1993]. Nothing but the Blues: The Music and the Musicians. Abbeville Press, 238. 
  13. ^ http://www.southernmusic.net/gidtanner.htm Southernmusic.net
  14. ^ Cohn, Lawrence: "Nothing But the Blues" chapter titles "A Ligher Shade of Blue - White Country Blues" by Charled Wolfe page 247, 1993
  15. ^ David Sanjek, "All the Memories Money Can Buy: Marketing Authenticity and Manufacturing Authorship", p. 155–172 in Eric Weisbard, ed., This is Pop, Harvard University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-674-01321-2 (cloth), ISBN 0-674-01344-1 (paper). p. 158.
  16. ^ Nothing But the Blues 1993, White Country Blues by Charles Wolfe page 233
  17. ^ http://www.southernmusic.net/carterfamily.htm
  18. ^ http://www.pbs.org/americanrootsmusic/pbs_arm_episode_summaries.html
  19. ^ http://www.roughstock.com/history/cowboy.html
  20. ^ http://www.oldies.com/artist-biography/Arthur-Smith.html
  21. ^ Go, Cat, Go! by Carl Perkins and David McGee 1996 pages 23-24 Hyperion Press ISBN 0-7868-6073-1
  22. ^ Country Music Goes To War By Charles K. Wolfe, James Edward Akenson. 2005. University Press of Kentucky. page = 55. ISBN 0813123089 [2]
  23. ^ [3] Billboard.com
  24. ^ http://rcarecordslabel.com/ea/bio.htm Rcarecordslabel.com
  25. ^ http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/floyd-cramer Rockhall.com
  26. ^ [4] Billboard.com
  27. ^ [5] Billboard.com
  28. ^ http://www.cmt.com/artists/az/haggard_merle/bio.jhtml
  29. ^ http://www.buckowens.com/aboutbuck18.html
  30. ^ http://www.countrymusichalloffame.com/site/experience-museum-programs-school-instruments.aspx
  31. ^ http://takecountryback.com/reviews/merlebobwills.htm
  32. ^ http://www.countrymusichalloffame.com/site/experience-museum-programs-school-instruments.aspx
  33. ^ http://www.empsfm.org/exhibitions/index.asp?categoryID=129&ccID=132
  34. ^ [6] Billboard.com
  35. ^ The Roots of Country Music" Collectors Edition by Life September 1, 1994 page 72
  36. ^ http://www.lyricsoncall.com/lyrics/charlie-daniels-band/the-devil-went-down-to-georgia-lyrics.html Lyricsoncall.com
  37. ^ http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_index.jsp
  38. ^ The Roots of Country Music" Collectors Edition by Life September 1, 1994
  39. ^ http://www.cowboylyrics.com/lyrics/williams-hank-jr/country-boy-can-survive-10123.html Cowboylyrics.com
  40. ^ http://steveearle.net/lyrics/ly-coppe.php Steveearle.net
  41. ^ http://www.cowboylyrics.com/lyrics/sawyer-brown/some-girls-do-15017.html Cowboylyrics.com
  42. ^ http://www.lyricstop.com/r/redneckwoman-gretchenwilson.html Lyricstop.com
  43. ^ a b c [7] CMA World.com
  44. ^ [8] “Country Music Figures Donate Papers, Give Concert”

is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ...

External links

  • The Country Music Association
  • Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum
  • Grand Ole Opry
  • GAC - Great American Country TV
  • Country Music Television
  • Country HQ - From Texas to Tamworth and everywhere in between
  • Country Weekly magazine
  • Nashville4U
  • A TIME Archive of country music's progression
  • Cowboy FM
  • Countryfied Soul
  • The Piano in Country Music
It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: Article doesnt appear to meet notability according to WP:NOTFILM and makes no assertions that it does. ... An African American man gives a piano lesson to a young African American woman, in 1899 or 1900, in Georgia, USA. Photograph from a collection of W.E.B. DuBois. ... Appalachian folk music is a distinctive genre of folk music originating in the Appalachia region of the United States of America. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Look up ragtime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cajun music, an emblematic music of Louisiana, is rooted in the ballads of the French-speaking Acadians of Canada. ... Honky tonk was originally the name of a type of bar common throughout the southern United States, also Honkatonk or Honkey-tonk. ... Country music, once known as Country and Western music, is a popular musical form developed in the southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, spirituals, and the blues. ... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music. ... The American folk music revival was a phenomenon in the United States in the 1950s to mid-1960s. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Dixieland music is a style of jazz which developed in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century, and was spread to Chicago and New York City by New Orleans bands in the 1910s. ... IDNIANS SUCK BALLS American Indian music is the musics that are shared by or that distinguish American Indian tribes and First Nations. ... Spiritual as a noun is used to denote songs created by American slaves, and the style in which they were sung. ... Gospel music is music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as (in terms of the varying music styles) to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music. ... Swamp pop musician Jivin Gene, circa 1959. ... Tejano music (Spanish-Texan music) is the name given to various forms of folk and popular music originating among the Hispanic populations of Central and Southern Texas. ... Western swing is, first and foremost, a fusion of country music, several styles of jazz, pop music and blues aimed at dancers. ... Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... Early Creole musicians playing an accordion and a washboard in front of a store, near New Iberia, Louisiana (1938). ... Alternative country Americana Cosmic American music Close harmony Country gospel Country pop/Cosmopolitan country Country soul New country Urban cowboy Country rock Bluegrass New traditional bluegrass Old-time bluegrass/Appalachian bluegrass Progressive bluegrass Honky-tonk Bakersfield Sound Instrumental country Nashville Sound Outlaw country Truckin songs Western swing Categories: Wikipedia cleanup... The Bakersfield sound was a genre of country music developed in the mid- to late 1950s in and around Bakersfield, California, at bars such as The Blackboard. ... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music. ... Close harmony is an arrangement of the notes of chords within a narrow range, typically one octave. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Honky tonk was originally the name of a type of bar common throughout the southern United States, also Honkatonk or Honkey-tonk. ... Lubbock sound is a genre of American music that began with the popularity of Lubbock, Texas native Buddy Holly. ... The Nashville Sound (often known as Countrypolitan) arose during the late 1950s as a sub-genre of American country music, replacing the chart dominance of the Honky Tonk sound which was most popular in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Neotraditional country, also known as new traditional country, is a country music style that rejects most elements of modern Top 40 country music. ... Willie Nelson Outlaw country was a significant trend in country music during the late 1960s and the 1970s (and even into the 1980s in some cases), commonly referred to as The Outlaw Movement (both by fans and by people in the music industry) or simply Outlaw music [1]. The focus... Australian country music is a vibrant part of the music of Australia. ... Matt Hillyer of Texas-based Eleven Hundred Springs Alternative country is a term applied to various subgenres of country music. ... Country Pop is a subgenre of country music that first emerged in the 1970s, with roots in both the countrypolitan sound and in soft rock. ... For the geological term, see Country rock (geology). ... Psychobilly is a genre of rock music that mixes elements of punk rock, rockabilly, and other genres. ... Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... Country-rap is the fusion of country music with hip hop music. ... // Texas Country Music (more popularly known just as Texas Country or Texas music) is a rapidly growing sub-genre of Country Music. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
A Country Music Singer, Doyle Bates, At Country Music Planet (893 words)
Doyle Bates is a country and gospel music singer and songwriter living in the beautiful area of North Georgia.
Time and age had set in, in today's world of beauty queens and hunks, it just wasn't musical talent anymore it was a whole new ball game and he was quick to realize this.
Doyle said he likes to write songs with truth in them and that's what country music is all about.
Canadian Country Music Association (218 words)
Country Music Week is the annual celebration that brings together industry and fans alike for four days of educational seminars, valuable networking opportunities and most importantly non-stop music.
This September, high profile music industry players, media from around the globe, partners and sponsors as well as fans from across the Prairies will come together in Winnipeg in celebration of Country Music Week.
This amalgamation created the current CCMA Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame and was a huge step in the right direction for country music in Canada.
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