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Encyclopedia > Country Club

A country club is a private club that offers a variety of recreational sports facilities to its members. The term is mainly used in the United States. Two of the most common types of facilities are tennis and golf clubs, although others sports such as polo are seen as well. Country clubs are generally exclusive organizations, and the more expensive U.S. clubs' membership fees can exceed $300,000. Many clubs have additional requirements to join, such as limiting membership to a specific company's employees or requiring members to reside in a particular housing community. Tennis balls This article is about the sport, tennis. ... Golf is a game where individual players or teams hit a ball into a hole using various clubs, and is one of the few ball games that does not use a fixed standard playing area. ... Playing polo Polo (also known as Cho-gan) is a team game played on a field with one goal for each team. ...


Social and class issues in the United States

Critics of exclusive country clubs argue that the high membership fees are a means to exclude "undesirables" without explicitly excluding applicants based on race or other critera. In support of this claim, critics point out that club membership and maintenance fees can significantly exceed the upkeep costs necessary to maintain a country club's facilities.


In the United States, controversy over country clubs is related to the inherent tensions between members' right of free association and the public's right of equal access. The first ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution make up the Bill of Rights. ...


The controversy over Augusta National Golf Club, which hosts The Masters golf tournament, has been a specific example of this tension. Augusta National does not allow female members to join, yet membership is considered a valuable asset for corporate executives. The club's membership includes many of the most powerful men in American business and politics. Martha Burk, head of the National Council of Women's Organizations, has protested that the PGA and corporate sponsors of the tournament tacitly endorse the club's men-only policy. The infamous par three 12th hole known as Golden Bell, part of the three water holes (11-12-13) that make up Amen Corner Augusta National Golf Club, a private golf club in Augusta, Georgia, is one of the most famous and exclusive golf clubs in North America and considered... The Masters is one of four major championships in mens golf and the first to take place each year. ... A corporation (usually known in the United Kingdom and Ireland as a company) is a legal entity (distinct from a natural person) that often has similar rights in law to those of a Civil law systems may refer to corporations as moral persons; they may also go by the name... External links Yahoo! Finance Aggregates some really good business articles Categories: | | | ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Politics Look up Politics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Politics (disambiguation) Democracy History of democracy List of democracy and elections-related topics List of years in politics List of politics by country articles Political corruption Political economy Political movement Political parties of... Martha Burk (b October 18, 1941 in Tyler, Texas) is a political psychologist, feminist, and head of the National Council of Womens Organizations who led a protest at the 2003 Masters Tournament in Augusta, Georgia to bring attention to the male-only membership rules of the Augusta National Golf... The National Council of Womens Organizations is an American non-profit political organization headed by Martha Burk with a claimed membership of 10 million women through its constituent organizations. ... Categories: Sports stubs | Golf associations | Golf terminology ... To sponsor something is to support an event, activity, person or organization by providing money or other resources in exchange for something, usually advertising or publicity, and always access to an audience. ...


Golf, tennis and other "country club sports" are frequent aids to sales and networking in the business world. Critics assert that country clubs' membership restrictions serve to hinder the career development of non-members. Sales, or the activity of selling, forms an integral part of commercial activity. ... A social network is a social structure between actors, mostly individuals or organizations. ... In Organizational development (or OD), the study of career development looks at: how individuals manage their careers within and between organizations and how organizations structure the career progress of their members Organizations in Career Development NCDA (National Career Development Organization) website forums forum topic about using Wikipedia to develop a...


United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, most exclusive golf clubs are simply golf clubs, and play a smaller role in their communities than American country clubs; gentlemen's clubs in Britain fill many roles of the country club in the United States. The issue of male-only clubs does, however, sometimes arouse controversy. On an episode of Room 101 in 1995, Jeremy Clarkson successfully argued the case for the condemnation of golf clubs because of the mentality of those who frequent them. A Gentlemens club is a members club originally for male members of the English upper class. ... Room 101 is a BBC comedy radio and television series, running since 1994, in which celebrities are invited to discuss their pet hates with the host in order to have them consigned to Room 101. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jeremy Clarkson Jeremy Charles Robert Clarkson (born April 11, 1960 in Doncaster) is an English writer and broadcaster who specializes in motoring issues. ...


External links

  • USA: Golf's host clubs have open-and-shut policies on discrimination

 
 

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