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Encyclopedia > Countries of the world
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  • Lists by country Topical country articles Main articles Alphabetical History Politics Subnational entities Culture: see in Culture Transportation Tourism: see in Tourism Others Election results Flags and national flag Military: see in armed force Music National anthems National cultures National leaders National legislatures Intelligence agencies Topics sorted by country All... Alphabetical
  • Lists by country Topical country articles Alphabetical History Politics Subnational entities Culture: see in Culture Transportation Tourism: see in Tourism This is a list of articles on the history of the countries that still exist today. See List of extinct countries, empires, etc. for articles about countries that are no... History
  • Politics, parties and elections Politics by country Political party Political parties by country Political parties by name Political parties by ideology Political parties categorized Election Electoral calendar Elections by country Related topics Lists by country Topical country articles Main articles Alphabetical History Politics Subnational entities Culture: see in Culture Transportation... Politics
  • Lists by country Topical country articles Main articles Alphabetical History Politics Subnational entities Culture: see in Culture Transportation Tourism: see in Tourism Others Election results Flags and national flag Military: see in armed force Music National anthems National cultures National leaders National legislatures Intelligence agencies Topics sorted by country All... Subnational entities
  • Culture: see in For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). The word culture comes from the Latin root colere (to inhabit, to cultivate, or to honor). In general, it refers to human activity; different definitions of culture reflect different theories for understanding, or criteria for valuing, human activity. Culture is traditionally the oldest human... Culture
  • Lists by country Topical country articles Main articles Alphabetical History Politics Subnational entities Culture: see in Culture Transportation Tourism: see in Tourism Others Election results Flags and national flag Military: see in armed force Music National anthems National cultures National leaders National legislatures Intelligence agencies Topics sorted by country All... Transportation
  • Tourism: see in A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. A tourist is someone who travels at least fifty miles from home, as defined by the World Tourism... Tourism

Others

  • Politics, parties and elections Politics by country Political party Political parties by country Political parties by name Political parties by ideology Political parties categorized Election Electoral calendar Elections by country Related topics Elections by country gives information on elections. For each de jure and de facto soverign state and dependent... Election results
  • This is a list of all flags available here, mostly national flags. National flags can be viewed inside the Gallery of national flags or List of national flags. They are classified inside the Lists of flags. The old medium-sized flags are deprecated (they are listed for deletion); they are... Flags and A national flag is a flag which symbolises a country and which can usually be flown by citizens of that country. Both public and private buildings such as schools and courthouses often fly the national flag. In some countries the national flags are only flown from non-military buildings on... national flag
  • Military: see in Armed forces are the military forces of a state. They exist to further the foreign policy program of their governing body. They consist of both military and paramilitary forces. Armed Force is the use of armed forces to achieve political objectives. The study of the use of Armed Forces is... armed force
  • Musical genre List of genres of music Genres: A-F - Genres: G-M - Genres: N-R - Genres: S-Z Local sounds - Regions and cultures Blues - Electronic music - Heavy metal - Hip hop - Reggae Contents // 1 Cultural genres 1.1 By race, ethnicity or origin 1.2 By religion 1.3 By... Music
  • Lists by country Topical country articles Main articles Alphabetical History Politics Subnational entities Culture: see in Culture Transportation Tourism: see in Tourism Others Election results Flags and national flag Military: see in armed force Music National anthems National cultures National leaders National legislatures Intelligence agencies Topics sorted by country All... National anthems
  • This is a list of articles about the culture of a country or people. Culture of Albania Culture of Australia Culture of Belgium Culture of Bhutan Culture of Bolivia Culture of Brazil Culture of Bulgaria Culture of Canada Quebec Political culture of Canada Culture of Chile Culture of China Culture... National cultures
  • This is a List of national leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled... National leaders
  • This is a list of national legislatures, whether parliamentary or congressional, that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives with the power to legislate. Country Legislature Overall name Lower house Upper house Afghanistan n/a Albania Peoples Assembly Algeria Parliament National Peoples Assembly Council of the Nation... National legislatures
  • The following is a partial list of intelligence agencies, past and present. It includes a few multinationals followed by per-nation lists. Contents // 1 International/regional agencies 2 Agencies by country 3 See also 4 External links International/regional agencies Interpol - International Criminal Police Organization Europol - European Union Agencies by... Intelligence agencies
Topics sorted by country
  • These are lists of country-related topics, clicking an entry below does not take you to an article on that country. Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A... All topics
  • This is a list of airlines in operation. Contents // 1 List of Airlines 1.1 Africa 1.1.1 Algeria 1.1.2 Angola 1.1.3 Benin 1.1.4 Botswana 1.1.5 Burkina Faso 1.1.6 Burundi 1.1.7 Cameroon 1.1.8 Cape Verde... Airlines
  • Well-known authors of novels, listed by country: See also: Lists of authors, List of poets, List of playwrights, List of short story authors Contents // 1 Albania 2 Ancient Latin Authors 3 Argentina 4 Armenia 5 Australia 6 Austria 7 Belarus 8 Bosnia and Herzegovina 9 Brazil 10 Canada 11... Authors
  • This is a List of battles organized by country. For a chronological list of battles, see List of battles. For an alphabetical list of battles see List of battles (alphabetical) The battles on this page are organized by country, that is, by the present location of the battlefield, not by... Battles
  • This is a list of cathedrals around the world, including both actual cathedrals (seats of bishops in episcopal denominations, such as Catholicism, Anglicanism, and Orthodoxy) and a few prominent churches from non-episcopal denominations that have the word cathedral in their names. Contents // 1 Armenia 2 Australia 3 Austria 4... Cathedrals
  • This is a list of famous cemeteries, mausoleums and other places people are buried, world-wide. Please add as needed. Contents // 1 Argentina 2 Australia 3 Austria 4 Canada 5 Chile 6 Peoples Republic of China 7 Czech Republic 8 Denmark 9 Egypt 10 Finland 11 France 12 Germany... Cemeteries
  • This is the list of city listings by country and territory: Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas, Commonwealth of The Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada... Cities
  • This is a list of universities, sorted by country. The list also includes colleges and other educational institutions providing higher education, meaning tertiary, quaternary and in some cases post-secondary education. List of universities in Albania List of universities in Australia List of universities in Austria List of universities in... Colleges and universities
  • This is an incomplete list of companies. Contents // 1 List of companies by country 2 List of companies by industry 3 List of companies by performance 4 Related lists 5 Projects concentrating on gathering company information List of companies by country List of Afghan companies List of Algerian companies List... Companies
  • This is a list of articles on education organized by country: Education in Albania Education in Australia Education in Austria Education in Belgium Education in Brazil Education in Bulgaria Education in Canada Education in Québec Education in the Peoples Republic of China Education in Hong Kong Education in... Education
  • These are lists of incumbents, i.e. lists of people in various offices and positions, including heads of states or of subnational entities (in no particular order). A historical discipline, archontology, focuses on the study of past and current incumbents. Lists of people By name By belief By nationality By... Incumbents
  • This is a list of islands in the world grouped by oceans and by continents. Contents // 1 List of islands by continent 2 List of islands by ocean or sea 3 List of islands of Asia 4 List of islands of Europe 5 List of islands of North America 6... Islands
  • The following is a list of cities that have tram / light-rail systems. See also: List of metro systems, List of cities with trolleybuses Contents // 1 Asia 1.1 China 1.1.1 Peoples Republic of China 1.1.1.1 Mainland China 1.1.1.2 Hong Kong... Light-rail transit systems
  • This is a list of national parks ordered by nation. Contents // 1 Africa 2 Asia 3 Europe 4 [[North America 5 Oceania 6 [[South America Africa Algeria Kenya Namibia South Africa Tanzania Uganda Asia China, the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of Hong Kong India Japan Malaysia Russia... National parks
  • This is a list of newspapers from around the world. An online view of todays front pages is available at Newseums Todays Front Pages (http://www.newseum.org/todaysfrontpages/) See also: List of magazines Contents // 1 International 1.1 Online 2 Argentina 3 Australia 4 Austria... Newspapers
  • Lists of people By name By belief By nationality By occupation By office held By prize won There are a variety of articles listing people of a particular nationality. People on these lists should ideally have articles of their own, and be in some way noteworthy for their nationality. This... People
  • Politics, parties and elections Politics by country Political party Political parties by country Political parties by name Political parties by ideology Political parties categorized Election Electoral calendar Elections by country Related topics This is a list of political parties around the world. Ways to browse Wikipedia for political parties are... Political parties
  • These entries should be merged usefully into the parent articles, then cleared from this list, leaving only the Tourism in X header. Contents // 1 Tourism in Argentina 2 Tourism in Australia 3 Tourism in Austria 4 Tourism in Belgium 5 Tourism in Brazil 6 Tourism in China 7 Tourism in... Popular tourist regions
  • This is a list of the worlds railway operating companies listed alphabetically by continent and country. This list includes companies operating both now and in the past. See also Rail transport by country. Contents // 1 Africa 2 Asia 3 Australasia 4 Europe 5 North America 5.1 Canada 5... Railway companies
  • This is a list of schools, sorted by country. The list does not include educational instutitutions providing higher education, meaning tertiary, quaternary, or post-secondary education, for which see list of colleges and universities by country. List of schools in Albania List of schools in Australia List of schools in... Schools
  • List of capitals of subnational entities covers currently the following national entities: #A-C: Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Peoples Republic of China, Colombia, Cuba, Czech Republic, #D-F: Denmark, Finland, France, #G-L: Germany, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Ireland, Japan... Subnational capitals
  • Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain range, lake, desert, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated for the international World Heritage... World Heritage Sites
Lists for most countries
  • The following is a partial list of adjectival forms of place names in English and their demonymic equivalent. Note: Demonyms are given in plural form. Singular forms simply remove the final s or, in the case or -ese endings, are the same as the plural form. The ending -men has... Adjectives
  • Contents // 1 At a glance 2 In depth 2.1 Zone 1 – North American Numbering Plan Area 2.2 Zone 2 – Mostly Africa 2.3 Zone 3 – Europe 2.4 Zone 4 – Europe 2.5 Zone 5 – Mexico, Central and South America, West Indies 2... Country calling codes
  • This is a list of English language country names with their etymologies. Some of these are followed by native names and their etymologies. Countries in italics no longer exist as sovereign political entities. Contents: Top - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M... Country name etymologies
  • At one time the death penalty was used in almost every part of the globe; but over the last few decades many countries have abolished it. 78 countries still maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. 81 countries have abolished it completely; 13 retain it, but only for... Death penalty
  • Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) two-letter country codes (FIPS 10-4) are used by the US Government for data processing, and in the CIA World Factbook. Note that they are not the same as ISO 3166-1 country codes. ISO 3166-1 codes are used for top-level domain... FIPS country codes
  • You may be looking for: list of countries by GDP (nominal) - list based on current currency market exchange rates list of countries by GDP (PPP) - list based on purchasing power parity This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... GDP
  • Here is a list of countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. GDP dollar estimates here are... GDP - per capita
  • An exchange rate represents the value of one currency in another. An exchange rate between two currencies fluctuates over time. This page records for various currencies the amount in that currency that is equal to one U.S. Dollar, the most widely traded currency in the world. The value of... Forex rates
  • Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. This is a list of such cities, sorted by country and then by date. See also... Historical capitals
  • Homosexuality laws
  • The following is a list of currently existing Internet Top-level domains (TLDs). See Top-level domain for further information, including notes on TLDs which are not based on ISO 3166-1. TLD Country or entity Notes .ac Ascension Island   .ad Andorra   .ae United Arab Emirates   .aero... Internet TLDs
  • The International Olympic Committee (IOC) allocates three-letter country codes to all National Olympic Committees and other groups competing in the Olympic Games. For historical reasons, many of these are different to the standard ISO 3166-1 codes. AFG Afghanistan AHO Netherlands Antilles ALB Albania ALG Algeria AND Andorra ANG... IOC country codes
  • ISO 3166-1 as part of the ISO 3166 standard provides codes for the names of countries and dependent areas. It was first published in 1974 by the International Organization for Standardization and defines three different codes for each area: ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, a two-letter system, has... ISO country codes
  • This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. There are also: List of capitals and larger cities by country list of capitals of subnational entities list of historical national capitals   A Abidjan Côte dIvoire (administrative) Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Abuja Nigeria... National capitals
  • A national emblem is a symbol that represents a nation. It is usually something from the natural world, eg. an animal or bird, but can be any object. National emblems may appear on such items as the national flag, coat of arms, or other patriotic materials. A formal national emblem... National emblems
  • Official languages of sovereign countries Afrikaans: South Africa (with English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu) Albanian: Albania Macedonia Part of Serbia and Montenegro Kosovo Arabic: Algeria Bahrain Chad (with French) Comoros (with French and Shikomor) Djibouti (with French) Egypt Eritrea (with Tigrignan) Iraq (with Kurdish... Official languages
  • Family names can be unique or come in large numbers. In different countries some names are the most popular. Here is the listing (alphabetical by country names): Contents // 1 Argentina 2 Belgium 3 Brazil 4 Bulgaria 5 China 6 Czech Republic 7 Denmark 8 Egypt 9 Estonia 10 Finland 11... Popular family names
  • Here is a list of state mottos for countries and their subdivisions around the world. Andorra: Virtus unita fortior (Latin, Strength united is stronger) Antigua and Barbuda: Each endeavouring, all achieving Argentina: En unión y libertad (Spanish, In union and freedom) Australia: none Australian Capital Territory: For the Queen... State mottos
  • This is a list of countries categorized by system of government currently in use. Contents // 1 Democratic republics 1.1 Africa 1.2 Asia 1.3 Europe 1.4 North America 1.5 South America 2 Democratic constitutional monarchies 2.1 Africa 2.2 Asia 2.3 Europe 2.4... System of government
  • There are currently 191 member states in the United Nations. Afghanistan - November 19, 1946 Albania - December 14, 1955 Algeria - October 8, 1962 Andorra - July 28, 1993 Angola - December 1, 1976 Antigua and Barbuda - November 11, 1981 Argentina - October 24, 1945 Armenia - March 2, 1992 Australia - November 1, 1945 Austria - December... UN member states
  • Contents // 1 Single-winner voting systems by country 2 Multiple-winner voting systems by country 3 Key 1 See also 1.1 Footnote Single-winner voting systems by country Country Body Voting system Total seats Antigua and Barbuda First past the post 17 Aruba First past the post 21 Australia... Voting systems
Other
  • EU member states and candidates There are currently 25 member states in the European Union. Together with their dates of accession, these are: Austria (1995) Belgium (founding member: 1952/58) Cyprus (2004) Czech Republic (2004) Denmark (1973) Estonia (2004) Finland (1995) France (founding member: 1952/58) Germany (founding member: 1952... EU member states
  • IQ and the Wealth of Nations is a controversial 2002 book by Dr. Richard Lynn, Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, and Dr. Tatu Vanhanen, Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland. This book argues that differences in national income... IQ
  • A ship prefix is a combination of letters, usually abbreviations, used in front of the name of a civilian or naval ship. Prefixes for civilian vessels may either identify the type of propulsion, such as SS for steamship, or purpose, such as RV for research vessel. Civilian prefixes are often... Ship prefix

This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. For other meanings, see state (disambiguation). In international law and international relations, a state is a geographic political entity possessing politicial sovereignty, i.e. not being subject to any higher political authority. In casual language, the idea of a state and a... states of the world, including both De jure is a Latin expression that means by law, as contrasted with de facto, which means in fact. The terms de jure and de facto are used like in principle and in practice when one is describing political situations. They are also often used when discussing racial segregation. A... de jure and De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... de facto independent states.


In order to be listed here as a de facto independent country, Article 1 of the The Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States was a treaty signed at Montevideo on December 26, 1933, at the Seventh International Conference of American States. At this conference, US President Franklin Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull declared American opposition to armed intervention in inter-American... Montevideo Convention from Years: 1930 1931 1932 - 1933 - 1935 1936 1937 Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1933 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1933 is followed, which means that the entity should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population, (b) a defined territory, (c) government, and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states. Also, the entity doesn't accept that the state de jure comprises part of the territory of another country. In the case of the inclusion of a de facto independent state, a note explains the reason for its inclusion.


The notes include information on:-

  • The reason why a non-de jure state is listed (also listed at the de jure state) 1
  • The overseas dependencies 2
  • The federal structures if applicable 3
  • The autonomous entities inside the territory of the sovereign state 4

The names are given in English and in the official language(s) of the state.

  • The names in English are the short official names (e.g. Afghanistan (Pashtu/Dari-Persian: Afğānistān افغانستان) is a country in Central Asia. It is bordered by Iran in the west, Pakistan in the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the... Afghanistan) and the (longer) official name (e.g. The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan).
  • The names in the native languages are the short and official names in the official language(s). If needed, they have been Transliteration in a narrow sense is a mapping from one script into another script. It tries to be lossless, i.e., the informed reader should be able to reconstruct the original spelling of unknown transliterated words. To achieve this, it may define complex conventions about how to transliterate letters that... transliterated into A romanization or latinization is a system for representing a word or language with the Roman (Latin) alphabet, where the original word or language used a different writing system. Methods of romanization include transliteration, representing written text, and transcription, representing the spoken word. The latter can be subdivided into phonological... Romanized characters, but original scripts (such as The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. Letters of the Cyrillic alphabet А A... Cyrillic or Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. Bear this in mind if you encounter symbols such as �?�﷐􏿾. You might also consider viewing the page in a different browser or using a different font —preferably... Chinese characters) are included. When possible, the A romanization or latinization is a system for representing a word or language with the Roman (Latin) alphabet, where the original word or language used a different writing system. Methods of romanization include transliteration, representing written text, and transcription, representing the spoken word. The latter can be subdivided into phonological... romanization preferred by the country has been used.

The listing of any name in this article is not meant to imply an official position in any naming dispute. Entities considered to be The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. This article is about small nations that are not recognized by any world government. For information on countries that are legitimately recognized, but are geographically tiny such as Nauru, Monaco and San Marino, see... micronations that are internationally not recognized are not included.

Contents

The count

As of November 2004, there are 201 entities on this list. It corresponds to:

  • 193 countries in Here is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. Areas include inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Rank Country Area (km²) Notes   The World in Plate Carrée Projection In English, world is rooted in a compound of the obsolete words were, man, and... List of countries by area, including:
    • 191 There are currently 191 member states in the United Nations. Afghanistan - November 19, 1946 Albania - December 14, 1955 Algeria - October 8, 1962 Andorra - July 28, 1993 Angola - December 1, 1976 Antigua and Barbuda - November 11, 1981 Argentina - October 24, 1945 Armenia - March 2, 1992 Australia - November 1, 1945 Austria - December... United Nations member states
    • The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) is a state that currently administers the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy, and the... Republic of China (Taiwan)
    • The State of the City of the Vatican or the Vatican City (Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae, Italian Stato della Città del Vaticano) is the smallest independent state in the world (both in area and in population), a landlocked enclave surrounded by the city of Rome in Italy. The Vatican is... Vatican City
  • Six de-facto independent countries ( Abkhazia ( Abkhaz (Аҧсуа / Aṗsua) Spoken in: Georgia (in autonomous republic of Abkhazia), Turkey Region: Total speakers: 600,000 Ranking: Not in top 100 Genetic classification: North Caucasian  Northwest Caucasian   Abkhaz-Abazin    Abkhaz Official status Official language of: Abkhazia... Abkhazia, The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Ка... Nagorno-Karabakh, The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. Not counting Azerbaijans Nakhchivan Autonomous... Northern Cyprus, Somaliland (Somali: Soomaaliland) is a former British territory located in the northwest region of Somalia in the Horn of Africa. In May of 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes five of the eighteen administrative regions of Somalia, roughly the region between Ethiopia, Djibouti and... Somaliland, The Republic of South Ossetia (in Russian Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya, Республика Южная Осетия; in Ossetian Respublikae Xussar Iryston, Республикæ Хусса... South Ossetia, Transnistria or Transdniester (Russian: Приднестровье (Pridnestrovye), Romanian Transnistria, referred to as Stânga Nistrului (Left Bank of the Nistru) by official Moldovan sources). Transnistria is a region in eastern Europe. The name comes from it being... Transnistria)
  • Two entities recognized by many countries but de-facto not independent, Palestine (Latin: Syria Palæstina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina, ארץ־ישראל Eretz Yisrael; Arabic: فلسطين Filasṭīn), is a region in the Middle East extending inland from the eastern shore of... Palestine and Western Sahara (EH in ISO 3166-1) is a region of northwestern Africa, bordering Morocco on the north, Algeria on the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. The largest city is El Aaiún (Laayoune), containing the majority of the population. Whether... Western Sahara.

Not listed below are various disputed territories which fall into neither of the last two categories, including Jubaland (also Jubbaland, Trans-Juba, It: Oltre Giuba) is the southwesternmost part of Somalia, on the far side of the Jubba River (thus the trans- name), bordering on Kenya. It has a total area of 87,000 km² (33,000 sq mi), and in 1926 a population of 12,000... Jubaland, Puntland National motto: None Official language Somali Capital Garowe President Mohamud Muse Hersi Adde Vice-President Dr. Mohamed Ali Yusuf Area  - Total < 200,000 - 300,000 km², in dispute Population  - Total (2000)  - Density 2,500,000 ~5/km², uncertain Independence  - Declared  - Recognition 1998... Puntland, Angolan province and Republic of the Congo, and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. As of 1991, the population was 163,000, with an area of 7,270 km2. Portuguese explorers, missionaries and traders arrived at the mouth of the Congo (or Nzere) river in the mid-15th century... Cabinda, For other uses, see Kosovo or Kosova is a widely used place name in Slavic countries, stemming from the word kos, which means blackbird. Contents // 1 Kosovo 2 Kosova 3 Kos- Kosovo Kosovo is casual name for Kosovo and Metohija, an autonomous province of Serbia. Kosovo is a region in... Kosovo, For the Iranian province of Kordestan, please see Kurdistan Province, Iran. The flag of Kurdistan, flown by separatists in parts of For other uses, see Turkey (disambiguation). The Republic of Turkey is a country located in Southwest Asia with a small part of its territory (3%) in southeastern Europe. Until... Kurdistan (Iraq), and For the Iranian province of Kordestan, please see Kurdistan Province, Iran. The flag of Kurdistan, flown by separatists in parts of For other uses, see Turkey (disambiguation). The Republic of Turkey is a country located in Southwest Asia with a small part of its territory (3%) in southeastern Europe. Until... Kurdistan (Turkey).


The sovereign states

Short and official name in English Short and official names in native government language
Abkhazia ( Abkhaz (Аҧсуа / Aṗsua) Spoken in: Georgia (in autonomous republic of Abkhazia), Turkey Region: Total speakers: 600,000 Ranking: Not in top 100 Genetic classification: North Caucasian  Northwest Caucasian   Abkhaz-Abazin    Abkhaz Official status Official language of: Abkhazia... Abkhazia1 - Republic of Abkhazia
  • Abkhazian: Aṗsny / Аҧсны
  • Russian: Abchazija / Абхазия
  • Georgian: Aṗẖazeṭi / აფხაზეთი
Afghanistan (Pashtu/Dari-Persian: Afğānistān افغانستان) is a country in Central Asia. It is bordered by Iran in the west, Pakistan in the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the... Afghanistan - Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • Persian (Dari-Persian): Afġānestān / افغانستان- Dowlat-e Eslami-ye Afghanestan / دولت اسلامی افغانستان
  • Pushtu: Afġānistān / افغانستان
Albania is a The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2.5 million km². Contents // 1 Name 2 Geography 3 Bordering countries 4 Subdivisions 5 Geology 6 See also... Albania - Republic of Albania
  • Albanian: Shqipëria - Republika e Shqipërise
Algeria is a country in northern Africa with a coast on the Mediterranean Sea along the north and bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger in the southeast, Mali and Mauritania in the southwest, and Morocco and Western Sahara in the west (the Moroccan border is... Algeria - People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • Arabic: Al-Jazā'ir / الجمهورية الجزائرية - Al-Jumhūrīyah al-Jazā’irīyah ad-Dīmuqrāţīyah ash-Sha’bīyah / الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Principat dAndorra ( Flag Ratio: 7:10 The national flag of Andorra was adopted in 1866. The flag design consists of a tricolor of blue, yellow and red with the coat of arms in the center. National flags List of national flags | Gallery of national flags List of national coats... Andorra - Principality of Andorra
  • Catalan: Andorra - Principat d’Andorra
This article is about the nation, for the prison see Angola Prison Angola is a maritime country in southwestern Africa bordering Namibia, Congo-Brazzaville and Zambia and with a west coast along the Portuguese colony, it has considerable natural resources, among which oil and diamonds are the most relevant. The... Angola: Republic of Angola
  • Portuguese: Angola - República de Angola
Antigua and Barbuda is an island nation located in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.  Antigua and Barbuda are part of the Lesser Antilles archipelago with the island of Guadeloupe to the south, Montserrat to the southwest, Saint Kitts and Nevis to the west... Antigua and Barbuda4
  • English: Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina is a country in southern South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. South America is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It became attached to North America only recently, geologically speaking, with the... Argentina3: Argentine Nation or Argentine Republic
  • Spanish: Argentina: Nación Argentina or República Argentina
For other places with the same name, see Armenia is: the country Armenia the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, sometimes called Lesser Armenia or Armenia Minor places in the United States: Armenia Township, Pennsylvania Armenia, South Carolina Armenia, Wisconsin Armenia Street in Hollywood, California Armenia, Colombia, capital of the department of... Armenia: Republic of Armenia
  • Armenian: Hayastan / Հայաստան - Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun / Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն<
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only one to occupy an entire Dymaxion map by Buckminster Fuller shows land mass with minimal distortion as only one continuous continent A continent (Latin continere, to hold together) is a large continuous mass of... Australia3 - Commonwealth of Australia
  • English: Australia - Commonwealth of Australia
The Republic of Austria ( German (Deutsch) Spoken in: Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and 38 other countries. Region: Europe Total speakers: 120 million Ranking: 9 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Germanic   West Germanic    Old High German    Middle High German    Modern German... Austria4 - Republic of Austria
  • German: Österreich - Republik Österreich
For other uses, see Azerbaijan can refer to either: Republic of Azerbaijan - a sovereign country in South West Asia South Azerbaijan - a region approximately consisting of the Iranian provinces of East Azarbaijan, West Azarbaijan, and Ardabil Azerbaijanis - a Turkic people Azerbaijani language - a Turkic language This is a disambiguation page... Azerbaijan1, 4 - Republic of Azerbaijan
  • Azeri: Azərbaycan - Azərbaycan Respublikası
The Commonwealth of The Bahamas is an independent English-speaking nation in the West Indies. An archipelago of 700 islands and cays (which are small islands), the Bahamas is located in the Atlantic Ocean, east of Florida in the United States, north of Cuba and the rest of the Caribbean... The Bahamas - Commonwealth of the Bahamas
  • English: The Bahamas - Commonwealth of the Bahamas
The Kingdom of Bahrain, or Bahrain, is a borderless country in the Persian Gulf (Southwest Asia/Middle East, Asia). Saudi Arabia is to the west and is connected to Bahrain by a causeway, and Qatar is to the south across the Gulf of Bahrain. مملكة ا... Bahrain - Kingdom of Bahrain
  • Arabic: al-Baḥrayn / بحرين - Mamlakat al Bahrayn / مملكة البحرين
The Peoples Republic of Bangladesh is a country in Map of South Asia South Asia is a subregion of Asia comprising the modern states of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, . It covers about 4,480,000 km², or 10 percent of the continent, and is... Bangladesh - People's Republic of Bangladesh
  • Bengali: Banglādeś / বাংলাদেশ - Gana Prajātantrī Bānglādesh - গণ প্রজাতঁত্রী বাংলাদেশ
Barbados is an independent island nation situated on the boundary of the Atlantic Ocean. The island is 166 sq. mi. (430 km²), and is primarily low, with some hills in the islands interior. Its location is 13ºN,59ºW. Which is about 270 miles(434.5 km) north... Barbados
  • English: Barbados
Belarus (Belarusian: Белару́сь, Russian: Белару́сь (formerly: Белору́ссия)) is a landlocked nation of Eastern Europe with the capital Minsk. Belarus borders Poland on the west... Belarus - Republic of Belarus
  • Belarusian: Bjelarúś / Белару́сь - Respublika Biełaruś / Рэспу́бліка Белару́сь
  • Russian: Bjelorússija / Белору́ссия
For other uses, see Belgium is: a country in Europe, see United States: Belgium, Illinois Belgium, Wisconsin Belgium (town), Wisconsin Belgium Township, Minnesota Belgium, West Virginia a curse word in the radio series and US version of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. Brussels, the capital of Belgium, is also... Belgium - Kingdom of Belgium
  • Dutch: België - Koninkrijk België
  • French: Belgique - Royaume de Belgique
  • German: Belgien - Königreich Belgien
Belize is a small nation on the eastern coast of Central America, on the Caribbean Sea bordering Guatemala to the west and south. The nation of Honduras is a near neighbor of Belize, 75 km away (47 miles) at the closest point across the Gulf of Honduras to the east... Belize
  • English: Belize
For other uses, see Benin (disambiguation). The Republic of Benin is a nation of western Africa, formerly known as Dahomey. It has a small coast line with the Bight of Benin in the south, borders Togo in the west, Nigeria in the east, and Burkina Faso and Niger in the... Benin - Republic of Benin
  • French: Bénin - République du Bénin
The Kingdom of Bhutan is a small, mountainous nation of south Asia, located in the Himalaya Mountains between China. The local name for the country, Druk Yul (pronounced dru ü), means land of the dragon; it is also called Druk Tsendhen, land of the thunder dragon, as the thunder there is... Bhutan - Kingdom of Bhutan
  • Dzongkha: Druk Yul / འབྲུག་ཡུལ - Druk Gyal Khab
For other uses, see Bolivia (disambiguation). The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil in the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina in the south, and Chile and Peru in the west. Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simón Bolívar... Bolivia - Republic of Bolivia
  • Spanish: República de Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina (also variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. Its capital is Sarajevo and it was formerly one of the six federal units constituting Yugoslavia. The republic gained its independence in the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s and... Bosnia and Herzegovina4
  • Bosnian: Bosna i Hercegovina
  • Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина
  • Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina
The Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana) is a A landlocked country is one that has no coastline. There are 42 landlocked countries in the world. A landlocked sea is a sea that is not connected to the oceans: the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea. They are sometimes considered... Botswana - Republic of Botswana
  • Tswana: Botswana - Lefatshe la Botswana
  • English: Botswana - Republic of Botswana
For other uses, see Brazil - a country in South America. Brazil R/S - The Brazil Rendering System, a photorealistic rendering engine. Brazil, Indiana - a town in the United States. Brazil - a movie directed by Terry Gilliam. Brazil (mythical island). a former name of Terceira Island. a neighbourhood or refugee camp... Brazil3 - Federative Republic of Brazil
  • Portuguese: Brasil - República Federativa do Brasil
The Sultanate of Brunei, more commonly referred to as Brunei Darussalam or simply Brunei, is an oil-rich country located on the island of Borneo, in southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, it is completely surrounded by Malaysia. Brunei is one of the members of... Brunei - State of Brunei Darussalam
  • Malay: Brunei Darussalam - Negara Brunei Darussalam
The Republic of Bulgaria is a A republic in its basic sense, is constitutional government. The word is derived from the Latin res publica, or public things. It is an ordering of society under a written set of laws and a society that has the concept of the rule of... Bulgaria - Republic of Bulgaria
  • Bulgarian: Bălgarija / България - Republika Bălgarija / Република България
Burkina Faso is a landlocked nation of western Africa. It is surrounded by six countries. Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the south east, Togo and Ghana to the south, and the Côte dIvoire to the south west. Formerly called Upper Volta, it was... Burkina Faso
  • French: Burkina Faso
Burundi is a small landlocked nation in the Great Lakes region of Africa. It is bordered by Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania. Republika yu Burundi (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Unité, Travail, Progrès (French: Unity, Work, Progress) Languages Kirundi (official), French, Swahili Capital Bujumbura President... Burundi - Republic of Burundi
  • Kirundi: Uburundi - Republika y'Uburundi
  • French: Burundi - République du Burundi
ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ កម្ពុជា (Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea) aa This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. It is believed that logos... Cambodia - Kingdom of Cambodia
  • Cambodian: Kampuchea / កម្ពុជា - Preah Reachea Nachakr Kampuchea / ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ កម្ពុជា
The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central ... World map showing location of Africa Download high resolution version (741x800, 113 KB) This image page contains items that originally came from a NASA website or publication. All works created by NASA are in the public domain, with the exception... Cameroon - Republic of Cameroon
  • French: Cameroun - République du Cameroun
  • English: Cameroon - Republic of Cameroon
Canada is an independent This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. For other meanings, see state (disambiguation). In international law and international relations, a state is a geographic political entity possessing politicial sovereignty, i.e. not being subject to any higher political authority. In casual language, the idea of... Canada3 - Canada
  • English: Canada
  • French: Canada
Cape Verde (Portuguese: Cabo Verde) is a republic located on an Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. The previously-uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; they subsequently became a trading center for African slaves. Most Cape Verdeans descend from both groups... Cape Verde - Republic of Cape Verde
  • Portugese: Cabo Verde - República de Cabo Verde
The Central African Republic, formerly the French colony of Ubangi-Shari, became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule — mostly by military governments — a civilian government was installed in 1993. The capital is Chad, Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic... Central African Republic - Central African Republic
  • French: République Centrafricaine
  • Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
For other uses, see Chad can mean several things, including: Chad, the African country. Lake Chad Chadic languages Chad (paper) St Chad of Mercia is the better-known name of Ceadda Chad (graffito) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Chad - Republic of Chad
  • French: Tchad - République du Tchad
  • Arabic: Tašād / تشاد - Jumhuriyat Tašād /جمهوريّة تشاد
This article is about the country in South America; the word chile may also refer to Chilli pepper The Republic of Chile is a republic located on the southwestern coast of South America. It is a long and narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean... Chile - Republic of Chile
  • Spanish: Chile - República de Chile
The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) comprises most of the cultural, historic, and geographic area known as This article is on the geographic and cultural entity. For other meanings, see ... China (disambiguation). ... ... The The Great Wall of China (TC: 長城; SC: 长城, Pinyin: Chángchéng), also... China (PRC)4 - People's Republic of China
  • Chinese: Zhōngguó / 中国 - Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó / 中华人民共和国
For other uses see Note: The similar sounding country uses a different spelling--see Colombia. Columbia is a name used in the English language for many things and places. The name is derived from that of Christopher Columbus. The term Pre-Columbian is used for American cultures before the arrival... Colombia - Republic of Colombia
  • Spanish: Colombia - República de Colombia
The Union of Comoros (until 2002 the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros) is an independent country at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique. The country consists of three volcanic islands: Grande Comore, Moheli and Anjouan, while the nearby... Comoros3 - Union of the Comoros
  • French: Comores - Union des Comores
  • Comorian: Komori - Udzima wa Komori
  • Arabic: Qumur / قمر - الاتحاد القمر
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, called Zaïre between 1971 and 1997, is a nation in central Africa. It is sometimes called Congo-Kinshasa, after its capital, to distinguish it from the Republic of Congo, or Congo-Brazzaville. It borders on Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan... Congo-Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo
  • French: Congo - République Démocratique du Congo
The Republic of the Congo, also known as Middle Congo, Congo-Brazzaville, and Congo (but not to be confused with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire, which was also at one time known as the Republic of the Congo), is a former French colony of west-central Africa... Congo-Brazzaville - Republic of Congo
  • French: Congo - République du Congo
The Republic of Costa Rica is a republic in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south. Unlike some of its neighbors Costa Rica has been an exemplar of stability, peace, and democratic governance. Since the minor civil war of the late 1940s that brought... Costa Rica - Republic of Costa Rica
  • Spanish: Costa Rica - República de Costa Rica
Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. It is the third most common first language (native speakers), with around 402 million people in 2002. English has lingua franca status in many parts of the world... Côte d'Ivoire10 - Republic of Côte d'Ivore
  • French: Côte d'Ivoire - République de Côte d'Ivoire
The Republic of Croatia is a country in Europe bordering the Mediterranean, Central Europe and the Balkans. Its capital is Zagreb. In recent history, it was a republic of Yugoslavia. Republika Hrvatska (Flag) (Coat of Arms) National motto: none Official languages Croatian (with Italian in Istria county) Capital Zagreb... Croatia - Republic of Croatia
  • Croatian: Hrvatska - Republika Hrvatska
For other uses, see Cuba (disambiguation). The Republic of Cuba is an archipelago in the northern Caribbean that lies between the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. To the north are found the United States and the Bahamas, to the west Mexico, to the south the... Cuba - Republic of Cuba
  • Spanish: Cuba - República de Cuba
Cyprus (in Greek (Ελληνικά) Spoken in: Greece, Cyprus, Albania and surrounding countries Region: The Balkans Total speakers: 12 million Ranking: 74 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Greek   Attic    Modern Greek Official status Official language of: Greece, Cyprus (and... Cyprus - Republic of Cyprus
  • Greek: Kypros / Κυπρος - Kypriaki Dimokratia / Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία
  • Turkish: Kıbrıs - Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Česká republika Czech coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. It may be ineligible for copyright or in the public domain. In other cases, it is believed that these images may be exhibited on Wikipedia under the fair... Czech Republic - Czech Republic
  • Czech: Česko - Česká republika
For other uses, see Denmark - a country in Europe. Denmark, Wisconsin - a town in the United States. Denmark, New York - a town in the United States. Denmark, Maine - a town in the United States. Denmark, South Carolina - a town in the United States. Denmark Township, Minnesota - a township in the... Denmark2 - Kingdom of Denmark
  • Danish: Danmark - Kongeriget Danmark
For other uses, see Djibouti (disambiguation). The Republic of Djibouti (جيبوتي) is a country in eastern Africa, located in the Horn of Africa. Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the south east. The remainder... Djibouti - Republic of Djibouti
  • French:Djibouti - République de Djibouti
  • Arabic: Jibuti / جيبوتي - Jumhuriyaa Jibuti / جمهورية جيبوتي
The Commonwealth of Dominica is a borderless country in the Caribbean, a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth. Unlike other former British colonies in the region, Dominica was never a Commonwealth realm with the British monarch as head of state, as it instead became a republic on independence. The name is... Dominica - Commonwealth of Dominica
  • English: Dominica - Commonwealth of Dominica
The Dominican Republic is a Spanish-speaking representative democracy located on the eastern portion of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, bordering Haiti. A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative, rule for much of the 20th century — most notably the thirty-two year reign of the military leader Rafael Le... Dominican Republic
  • Spanish: Republica Dominicana
The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, commonly known as East Timor, is an island nation in Southeast Asia, consisting of the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecussi-Ambeno, a political exclave of East Timor situated on the western side of... East Timor - Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
  • Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e - Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e
  • Portuguese: Timor-Leste - República Democrática de Timor-Leste
The Republic of Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America, bounded by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands (Colón Archipelago) in the Pacific, about 965 km (about... Ecuador - Republic of Ecuador
  • Spanish: Ecuador - República del Ecuador
For other uses, see Egypt (disambiguation). The Arab Republic of Egypt, commonly known as Egypt, (in Arabic: مصر, romanized Mişr or Maşr, in Egyptian dialect) is a republic mostly located in northeastern Africa. Covering an area of about 1,020,000 km², it includes... Egypt - Arab Republic of Egypt
  • Arabic: Mişr / مصر - Jumhuriyat Mişr al-Arabiyah / جمهوريّة مصرالعربيّة
El Salvador (Spanish for The Savior) is a republic in Central America with a population of approximately 6.5 million people. República de El Salvador (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Dios, Unión, Libertad (Spanish: God, Union, Liberty) Official language Spanish Capital San Salvador Capitals coordinates 13... El Salvador - Republic of El Salvador
  • Spanish: El Salvador - República de El Salvador
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a nation of Central Africa. It borders on Cameroon, Gabon, and the Gulf of Guinea. The capital is Malabo. República de Guinea Ecuatorial République de la Guinée Équatoriale (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Unidad, Paz, Justicia (Spanish: (Unity, Peace, Justice... Equatorial Guinea - Republic of Equatorial Guinea
  • Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial - Républica de Guinea Ecuatorial
This article is about the African nation. For the Greek city, see Eretria. Hagere Ertra (In Detail) (In Detail) National motto: None Official languages Tigrigna, Arabic and English Capital Asmara President Isaias Afewerki Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 96th 121,320 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2002)  - Density... Eritrea - State of Eritrea
  • Tigrinya: Ertra / ኤርትራ - Hagere Ertra
  • Arabic: Irītriyā / إريتريا
For other uses, see Estonia is the name of: Estonia - a country in Northern Europe Swedish Estonia - from 1561 a dominion of Sweden, consituted by the northern part of present-day Estonia Russian Estonia - from 1719 to 1918 a territory of the Russian Empire, constituted by the former Swedish dominion... Estonia - Republic of Estonia
  • Estonian: Eesti - Eesti Vabariik
This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ityopiya, Amharic ኢትዮጵያ) is a country situated in an area known as the Horn of Africa. It has one of the most... Ethiopia3 - Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Amharic: Ityop'iya / ኢትዮጵያ - Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik / የኢትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
The Republic of the Fiji Islands occupies an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Vanuatu, west of Tonga and south of Tuvalu. Republic of the Fiji Islands Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti (In Detail) National motto: Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui (English: Fear God... Fiji4 - Republic of the Fiji Islands
  • English: Fiji - Republic of the Fiji Islands
  • Fijian: Viti - Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti
The Republic of Finland ( Finnish is spoken by the majority (92%) in The Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the southeast and the Gulf of Bothnia to... Finland4 - Republic of Finland
  • Finnish: Suomi - Suomen tasavalta
  • Swedish: Finland - Republiken Finland
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to disclaimers. Trying... France2 - French Republic
  • French: France - République Française
The Gabonese Republic, or Gabon, is a nation of west central Africa. It borders on Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo and the Gulf of Guinea. Ruled by autocratic presidents since independence from France on August 17, 1960, Gabon introduced a multiparty system and a new constitution in the... Gabon - Gabonese Republic
  • French: Gabon - République Gabonaise
The Republic of the Gambia is a nation in West Africa. It is entirely surrounded by Senegal, except for where the Gambia River empties into the Atlantic Ocean. In 1965, The Gambia became independent from the British Empire. Banjul is its capital. Republic of the Gambia (In Detail) (Full size... The Gambia - Republic of the Gambia
  • English: The Gambia - Republic of the Gambia
Georgia ( Georgian (ქართული) Spoken in: Georgia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Russia Region: Europe, Asia Total speakers: 6.6 million Ranking: Not in top 100 Genetic classification: Caucasian  South Caucasian   Georgian Official status Official language of: Georgia Regulated by: - Language codes ISO 639... Georgia1,4
  • Georgian: Sakartvelo / საქართველო - Resp'ublik'a Sakartvelos / რესპუბლიკა საქართველოს
The Federal Republic of Germany ( German (Deutsch) Spoken in: Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and 38 other countries. Region: Europe Total speakers: 120 million Ranking: 9 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Germanic   West Germanic    Old High German    Middle High German    Modern... Germany3 - Federal Republic of Germany
  • German: Deutschland - Bundesrepublik Deutschland
The Republic of Ghana is a nation of Africa, specifically West Africa within Sub-Saharan Africa. It borders Côte dIvoire to the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo to the east, and borders the Gulf of Guinea to its south. Republic of Ghana (In Detail) (Full size... Ghana - Republic of Ghana
  • English: Ghana - Republic of Ghana
For other uses, see Greece may be: Ancient Greece Greece, country in southeast Europe, also known as Hellas or Ellas Greece (CDP), New York Greece (town), New York This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an... Greece4 - Hellenic Republic
  • Greek:Ellás / Ελλάς; - Ellinikí Dimokratía / Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
For other uses, see Grenada (disambiguation). Grenada is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea including the southern Grenadines, is the second smallest independent country in the Western Hemisphere (after Saint Kitts and Nevis). It is located in the southeastern part of the sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago, and... Grenada4
  • English: Grenada
For the city, see Guatemala City. The Republic of Guatemala is a country in Central America, in the south of the continent of North America, bordering both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. It is bordered by Mexico to the north, Belize to the northeast, and Honduras and El... Guatemala - Republic of Guatemala
  • Spanish: Guatemala - República de Guatemala
For other uses, see Guinea (disambiguation). The Republic of Guinea is a nation of northwest Africa. République de Guinée (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Travail, Justice, Solidarité (French: Work, Justice, Solidarity) Official language French (official), Fula, Arabic, others Capital and largest city Conakry Capitals coordinates 9... Guinea - Republic of Guinea
  • French: Guinée - République de Guinée
The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a country on the Atlantic coast of western Africa. The small country, a former Portuguese colony, is bounded on the north by Senegal, to the south and east by Guinea, and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Its capital is Bissau. Repùblica... Guinea-Bissau - Republic of Guinea-Bissau
  • Portuguese: Guiné-Bissau - Repùblica da Guiné-Bissau
The Co-operative Republic of Guyana is a nation along the northern coastline of South America. It constitutes the western part of the wider region of Guiana (an Amerindian word meaning Land of Many Waters), and is bordered to the east by Suriname, to the south by Brazil, to the... Guyana - Co-operative Republic of Guyana
  • English: Guyana - Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Haiti is a country situated on the western third of the island of Hispaniola and the smaller islands of Gonâve, Tortue (Tortuga), Grande Caye, and Vache in the Caribbean Sea, east of Cuba; the Dominican Republic shares Hispaniola with Haiti. Its total land area is 10,714 square miles... Haiti - Republic of Haiti
  • French: Haïti - République d'Haïti
  • Haitian Creole: Ayiti - Repiblik Dayiti
Honduras is a country in northern Central America, bordered to the west by Guatemala and El Salvador, to the south by Nicaragua and the Pacific Ocean and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras and the Caribbean Sea. Belize (formerly British Honduras) is 75 km away across the Bay... Honduras - Republic of Honduras
  • Spanish: Honduras - República de Honduras
The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a A landlocked country is one that has no coastline. There are 42 landlocked countries in the world. A landlocked sea is a sea that is not connected to the oceans: the... Hungary - Republic of Hungary
  • Hungarian: Magyarország - Magyar Köztársaság
For other uses, see Iceland (disambiguation). The Republic of Iceland (Icelandic: Lýðveldið Ísland) is a borderless nation in the northern Atlantic Ocean, located between Greenland and Scotland, northwest of the Faroe Islands. Lýðveldið Ísland (In Detail) National motto: None Official language None. Icelandic de facto. Capital and largest... Iceland - Republic of Iceland
  • Icelandic: Ísland - Lýðveldið Ísland
The Republic of India is the This is a list of countries by population. The data are generally a projection for July 2005 made by the US Census Bureau, unless specified. Rank Country Population — World 6,445,398,968 1 China 1,306,313,812 2 India 1,080... India3 - Republic of India
  • Hindi: Bharat / भारत - Bhārat Ganarājya / भारत गणराज्य
  • English: India - Republic of India
The Republic of Indonesia, the worlds largest archipelago, is located between the Southeast Asian peninsula and Australia, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the most populous Muslim-majority nation in the world and the fourth most populous overall. It has had free elections since the Indonesian 1998... Indonesia - Republic of Indonesia
  • Bahasa Indonesia: Indonesia - Republik Indonesia
Iran ( Persian ( Parsi پارسی ) Spoken in: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and parts of Uzbekistan Region: Middle east Total speakers: 61.7 million Ranking: 29 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Indo-Iranian   Iranian    Western     Southwestern   ... Iran - Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Persian: Īrān / ایران - Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Īrān - جمهوری اسلامی ایران
The Republic of Iraq is a Middle Eastern country in southwestern Asia encompassing the ancient region of Mesopotamia. It shares borders with Kuwait and Saudi-Arabia to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the north-west, Turkey to the north, and Iran to the east. Its current leadership... Iraq - Republic of Iraq
  • Arabic: Al-ʿĪrāq / العراق - Al-Jumhuriyah Al-Iraqiyah / الجمهورية العراقية
  • Kurdish: ʿIraq / Komara Iraqê / عیراق
The Republic of Ireland ( Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. See IPA in Unicode if you have display problems. Irish (Gaeilge) is a Goidelic language spoken in Ireland and in small communities in Canada and Argentina. Irish is constitutionally recognised as... Ireland
  • Irish: Map of Éire Éire (pronounced AIR uh, in the Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. See IPA in Unicode if you have display problems. Irish (Gaeilge) is a Goidelic language spoken in Ireland and in small communities in Canada... Éire
  • The Republic of Ireland Act was an enactment of Oireachtas Éireann passed in 1948, which came into force on April 18, 1949 and which declared that the official description of Éire was to be the Republic of Ireland. Contents // 1 The Act 2 The Name of the State 3 External... Official description: Republic of Ireland
For other uses, see Israel (disambiguation). The State of Israel (Hebrew: מדינת ישראל, translit.: Medinat Yisrael; Arabic: دولة اسرائيل, translit.: Daulat Israil) is a country in the Middle East on the... Israel - State of Israel
  • Hebrew: Yisra'el / ישראל - Medinat Yisra'el / מדינת ישראל
  • Arabic: Isra'il / اسرائيل - Daulat Isra'il / دولة اسرائيل
For other uses, see Italy is the name of: a European country: Italy places in the United States Italy, New York - a town in Yates County Italy, Texas - a town in Ellis County, Texas This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Italy - Italian Republic
  • Italian: Italia - Repubblica Italiana
For other uses, see Jamaica (disambiguation). Jamaica is a country in the Caribbean Sea, located south of Cuba and to the west of Hispaniola, on which Haiti and the Dominican Republic are situated. Jamaica (In Detail) National motto: Out of Many One People Official language English Capital and largest city... Jamaica
  • English: Jamaica
For other uses, see Japan can refer to one of the following topics: The East Asian island nation of Japan or Nippon (日本, Nihon); The British rock band. See Japan (band); Japanning, a lacquer technique japan, See Lacqerware This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists... Japan - Japan
  • Japanese: Nihon / 日本 - Nihon-koku / 日本国
For other uses, see Jordan (disambiguation). The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, commonly called Jordan, is a country in the Middle East. It is bordered by Syria to the north, Iraq to the north-east, Saudi Arabia to the east and south, and Israel and West Bank to the west. It... Jordan - Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • Arabic: Al-Urdun / الاردن - Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah / المملكة الأردنّيّة الهاشميّة
Kazakhstan ( Categories: Language stubs | Turkic languages | Languages of Asia | Languages of China | Languages of Kazakhstan ... Kazakh: Қазақстан, Qazaqstan, This article is about the alphabet officially used in linguistics. The NATO phonetic alphabet (alpha bravo) had informally been called the International Phonetic Alphabet... Kazakhstan - Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Kazakh: Qazaqstan / Қазақстан - Qazaqstan Respūblīkasy / Қазақстан Республикасы
  • Russian: Kazachstan / Казахстан - Respublika Kazachstan / Республика Казахстан
Kenya (pronounced either as KEN-ya or as KEEN-ya, the former being more common and thought to be correct) is a country of eastern Africa, bordering Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and the Indian Ocean. Nairobi is its capital and largest city. Republic of Kenya (Flag) (Coat of Arms... Kenya - Republic of Kenya
  • English: Kenya - Republic of Kenya
  • Swahili: Kenya - Jamhuri ya Kenya
The Republic of Kiribati is an island nation located in the central tropical Pacific Ocean. The countrys 33 atolls are scattered over 3,500,000 km² near the equator. Its name is pronounced /kiribas/ and is a Gilbertese transliteration of Gilberts, the English name for the main group of... Kiribati - Republic of Kiribati
  • Kiribati: Kiribati - Ribaberikin Kiribati
  • English: Kiribati - Republic of Kiribati
North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia... Korea (North) - Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Korean: Chosŏn / 조선 - Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk / 조선민주주의인민공화국
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK; Korean: Daehan Minguk (Hangul: 대한 민국; Hanja: 大韓民國)), is a country in East Asia, covering the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. To the north, the Republic of Korea borders North Korea, with which it formed a... Korea (South) - Republic of Korea
  • Korean: Hanguk / 한국; - Daehan Minguk / 대한 민국
This article is about the country of Kuwait. For the capital city with the same name, see Kuwait City The State of Kuwait is a small oil-rich monarchy on the coast of the Persian Gulf, enclosed by Saudi Arabia in the south and Iraq in the north. Kuwait is... Kuwait - State of Kuwait
  • Arabic: Al-Kuwayt / الكويت - Dawlat al Kuwayt / دولة الكويت
Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан) is a country in Central Asia. It borders China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Its capital is Bishkek (formerly Frunze.) Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyz... Kyrgyzstan - Kyrgyz Republic
  • Kyrgyz: Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан - Kyrgyz Respublikasy / Кыргыз Республикасы
  • Russian: Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан - Kyrgyzskaya respublika - Кыргызская республика
The Lao Peoples Democratic Republic is a landlocked country in southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (commonly known in the west as Burma) and the Peoples Republic of China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west. The term Lao is... Laos - Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Laotian: Lao / ນລາວ - Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao / ສາທາລະນະລັດປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ
The Republic of Latvia ( Latvian (Latviešu) Spoken in: Latvia Region: Latvia Total speakers: 1.5 million Ranking: Not in top 100 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Baltic   Eastern    Latvian Official status Official language of: Latvia Regulated by: - Language codes ISO 639-1 lv... Latvia - Republic of Latvia
  • Latvian: Latvija - Latvijas Republika
For other uses, see Lebanon (disambiguation). The Lebanese Republic or Lebanon is a country in Southwest Asia, bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It is considered to be one of the fifteen present-day countries that comprise the Cradle of Humanity. Lebanon is bordered by Syria and Israel. الجم... Lebanon - Republic of Lebanon
  • Arabic: Lubnān / لبنان - Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah / الجمهوريّة البنانيّة
The Kingdom of Lesotho is a country in southern Africa. Being an enclave it is entirely surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. Mmuso wa Lesotho (Kingdom of Lesotho) (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Khotso, Pula, Nala; Peace, Rain, Prosperity Languages Sesotho (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa Capital... Lesotho - Kingdom of Lesotho
  • English: Lesotho - Kingdom of Lesotho
  • Sotho: Lesotho - Mmuso wa Lesotho
The Republic of Liberia is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte dIvoire. It has recently been afflicted by two civil wars (1989–1996 and 1999–2003) that have displaced hundreds of thousands of its citizens and destroyed... Liberia - Republic of Liberia
  • English: Liberia - Republic of Liberia
This article is about Libya, the country in North Africa. For the mythical character of the same name see: Libya (mythology). The Great Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya or Libya (Arabic: ليبيا) is a country in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, located between Egypt... Libya - Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
  • Arabic: Lībiyah / ليبية - al-Jamāhīrīyah al-‘Arabīya al-Lībīyah ash-Sha‘bīyah al-Ishtirākīyah al-Uzma / الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى
The Principality of Liechtenstein (German: Fürstentum Liechtenstein) is a small, doubly landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Switzerland to its west and by Austria to its east. Being mountainous, it is a winter sports resort. It is also known as a tax haven. Fürstentum Liechtenstein (In Detail... Liechtenstein - Principality of Liechtenstein
  • German: Liechtenstein - Fürstentum Liechtenstein
The Republic of Lithuania (in Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) Spoken in: Lithuania and 18 other countries Region: Eastern Europe Total speakers: 4 million Ranking: Genetic classification: Indo-European  Baltic   Eastern    Lithuanian Official status Official language of: Lithuania Regulated by: - Language codes ISO 639-1... Lithuania - Republic of Lithuania
  • Lithuanian: Lietuva - Lietuvos Respublika
For other uses, see Luxembourg - a small country in west Europe Luxembourg (city) - the capital city of the country Luxembourg (district) - a district in the country Luxembourg, province of Belgium Luxemburg, Iowa - a city in the USA Luxemburg, Wisconsin - a village in the USA Luxembourg Garden, Paris, France Luxemburg Township... Luxembourg - Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg
  • Luxembourgian: Lëtzebuerg - Groussherzogdem Lëtzebuerg
  • French: Luxembourg - Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
  • German: Luxemburg - Großherzogtum Luxemburg
Република Македонија Republika Makedonija (In detail) (Full size) National motto: None Official languages Macedonian2 Capital Skopje President Branko Crvenkovski Prime Minister Vlado Buckovski Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 145th 25,713 km... Macedonia (FYROM)5 - Republic of Macedonia
  • Macedonian: Makedonija / Македонија - Republika Makedonija / Република Македонија
  • Albanian (not a national language): Maqedoni
This article is about the country; for the movie see Madagascar (movie) Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. Madagascar is the 4th largest island in the world. It is the home of five percent of the worlds plant and animal... Madagascar - Republic of Madagascar
  • Malagasy: Madagasikara - Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
  • French: Madagascar - Republique de Madagascar
The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Malaŵi. Malaŵi is a nation in east Africa. It is bordered by Tanzania, Zambia, and Mozambique. Republic of Malaŵi (Flag) (Coat of Arms) National motto: Unity and Freedom... Malawi - Republic of Malawi
  • English: Malawi - Republic of Malawi
  • Chewa: Malaŵi - Mfuko la Malaŵi
The Federation of Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. It consists of two geographical regions divided by the South China Sea: West Malaysia, commonly known as Peninsular Malaysia/Malay Peninsula, shares a land frontier on the north with Thailand and is connected by a causeway and a bridge on... Malaysia3 - Federation of Malaysia
  • Malay: Malaysia - Persekutuan Malaysia
The Republic of Maldives is a country consisting territorially of a group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India. ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމުހޫރިއްޔާ Dhivehi Raajjeyge... Maldives - Republic of Maldives
  • Divehi: Divehi Rājje / ގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު - Divehi Rājje ge Jumhuriyyā / ހިވެދި ގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު
The Republic of Mali is a country in west Africa, formerly a French colony. République de Mali (In Detail) National motto: Un peuple, un but, une foi (French: One people, one goal, one faith) Official language French (official), Bambara, others Capital Bamako President Amadou Toumani Touré Prime Minister Ousmane... Mali - Republic of Mali
  • French: Mali - République de Mali
This article is about the European nation. For other meanings, see Malta is primarily used to refer to the European island nation of Malta. It can also be used for the main island of that country, Malta Island. The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is a sovereign entity which originated... Malta - Republic of Malta
  • Maltese: Malta - Repubblika ta' Malta
The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, located north of Nauru and Kiribati, east of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the U.S. island of Wake. Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ Republic of the... Marshall Islands - Republic of the Marshall Islands
  • English: Marshall Islands - Republic of the Marshall Islands
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa. Its coast faces the Atlantic Ocean, between Western Sahara on the north and Senegal on the south. It should not be confused with the ancient country of Mauretania. Mauritania and Madagascar are the only countries not to use a... Mauritania - Islamic Republic of Mauritania
  • Arabic: Mūrītāniyyah / موريتانية - Al-Jumhuriyah al-Islamiyah al-Mūrītāniyah / الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية
  • French: Mauritanie - République Islamique de la Mauritanie
The Republic of Mauritius is an island country in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 900 km east of Madagascar. In addition to the island of Mauritius, the republic includes the islands of St. Brandon and Rodrigues and the Agalega Islands. Mauritius is part of the Mascarene Islands, with the French... Mauritius - Republic of Mauritius
  • English: Mauritius - Republic of Mauritius
  • French: Maurice - République de Maurice
For other uses, see Mexico (disambiguation). The United Mexican States or Mexico (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México; regarding the use of the variant spelling Méjico, see section The name below) is a country located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States, to the... Mexico3 - United Mexican States
  • Spanish: México - Estados Unidos Mexicanos
The Federated States of Micronesia are a constitutional government in free association with the United States, located in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Papua New Guinea. The Federated States of Micronesia were formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations Trust Territory under US administration... Micronesia3 - Federated States of Micronesia
  • English: Micronesia - Federates States of Micronesia
This article refers to the Republic of Moldova. For information about the adjacent Romanian region, see Moldavia; for other uses see Moldova (disambiguation) The Republic of Moldova is a landlocked country in eastern Europe, located between Romania to the west and Ukraine to the east. Its border with Romania follows... Moldova1,4 - Republic of Moldova
  • Romanian/Moldovan: Moldova - Republica Moldova
The Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields adminisitrative authority. Prince Charles of Wales represents a titular principality with no administrative authority. A principality is a monarchial feudatory or sovereign state, whose monarch is a prince or princess. The term is also sometimes used... Monaco - Principality of Monaco
  • French: Monaco - Principauté de Monaco
For the region of the same name, see Mongolia (region) Mongolia (Khalkha Mongolian: Монгол Улс) is a landlocked nation in central Asia, bordered by Russia to the north and the Peoples Republic of China to the south. It was the center of... Mongolia
  • Mongolian: Mongol Uls / Монгол Улс
For other uses, see Morocco (disambiguation). The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. It has a long coastline on the Atlantic Ocean that reaches past the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has annexed Western Sahara, but this is not universally recognized. الم... Morocco6 - Kingdom of Morocco
  • Arabic: al-Maġrib / مغرب - Al Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah / المملكة المغربية
Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is a member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries and the Commonwealth of Nations. Its capital and largest city is Maputo, located in the southern edge of the country. República de... Mozambique - Republic of Mozambique
  • Portuguese: Moçambique - República de Moçambique
The Union of Myanmar, also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. The country has been ruled by a military government since a coup in 1988. The country is a developing nation. It has a population of approximately forty-three million Pyidaungzu Myanmar Naingngandaw (In Detail) (Full size... Myanmar11 - Union of Myanmar
  • Burmese: Myanma / ဴမန္မာ - Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw / ဴပည္ေထာင္စုဴမန္မာနုိင္ငံေတာ္
The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Ка... Nagorno-Karabakh1 - Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
  • Armenian: Lernayin Gharabagh / Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ
The Republic of Namibia is a country in southwest Africa, on the Atlantic coast. It is bordered by Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east, and South Africa to the south. It gained independence in 1990, and as such it is one of the youngest nations in... Namibia - Republic of Namibia
  • English: Namibia - Republic of Namibia
For other uses, see Nauru (disambiguation). The Republic of Nauru (pronounced nah-OO-roo), formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island republic in the South Pacific Ocean. It is the worlds smallest independent republic both in terms of population and land area. Much of its past prosperity derived... Nauru - Republic of Nauru
  • Nauran: Naoero
  • English: Nauru
The Kingdom of Nepal, situated in the Himalaya, is the worlds only Hindu kingdom. It is in South Asia, sharing borders with China (Tibet Autonomous Region) and India. नेपाल अधिराज्य Nepal Adhirajya (In Detail) (Full size) National motto... Nepal - Kingdom of Nepal
  • Nepali: Nepāl / नेपाल - Nepal Adhirajya / नेपाल अधिराज्य
For other uses, see The Netherlands have been the name of different political and geographical entities in northwestern Europe. The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland), the current Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Seven United Netherlands, also known as the United Provinces. A predecessor of the current country. It existed from 1581 to... Netherlands2 - Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • Dutch: Nederland - Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
For alternative meanings, see New Zealand (disambiguation). New Zealand is a country formed of two major islands and a number of Pacific Ocean. A common Māori name for New Zealand is Aotearoa, popularly translated as Land of the Long White Cloud. New Zealand also maintains responsibility for the... New Zealand2
  • English: New Zealand
  • Maori: Aotearoa
Nicaragua is a republic in Central America. It is the largest Central American nation but the least densely populated. It is bordered on the north by Honduras and on south by Costa Rica. Its western coastline is on the Pacific Ocean, while the east side of the country is on... Nicaragua - Republic of Nicaragua
  • Spanish: Nicaragua - República de Nicaragua
Niger (Pronounced Nījer) is a landlocked sub-Saharan country in Western Africa situated north of Nigeria and south of Algeria and Libya, named after the Niger river. The capital city is Niamey. Republique du Niger (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Fraternité, Travail, Progrès (French: Fraternity, Work... Niger - Republic of Niger
  • French: Niger - République du Niger
The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country in West Africa. It borders on Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, Niger in the north and the Gulf of Guinea in the south. Major cities include the capital Abuja, the former capital Lagos, Abeokuta, Ibadan, Port Harcourt... Nigeria3 - Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • English: Nigeria - Federal Republic of Nigeria
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. Not counting Azerbaijans Nakhchivan Autonomous... Northern Cyprus1 - Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
  • Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs - Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
For other uses, see Norway is the name of a European country: see Norway. Other Norways can be found in the United States of America: Norway, Indiana Norway, Iowa Norway, Maine Norway, Michigan Norway, New York Norway, Wisconsin See also Norway House, Manitoba. Also of possible interest: Norway Corporation was... Norway2 - Kingdom of Norway
  • Norwegian (bokmål): Norge - Kongeriket Norge
  • Norwegian (nynorsk): Noreg - Kongeriket Noreg
The Sultanate of Oman is a country in the southwestern part of Asia, on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates in the northwest, Saudi Arabia in the west, and Yemen in the southwest. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea in the... Oman - Sultanate of Oman
  • Arabic: ʿUmmān / عمان - Saltanat Uman / سلطنة عُمان
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (پاکستان in Urdu), or Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia. Pakistan borders India, Iran, Afghanistan, China and the Arabian Sea. With over 150 million inhabitants it is the sixth most populous country in the world. It also... Pakistan - Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • Urdu: Pākistān / پاکستان - Islami Jamhuria Pākistān / اسلامی جمہوریت پاکستان
For other uses, see Palau (disambiguation). The Republic of Palau (also spelled Belau) is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, located some 500 km east of the Philippines. Having gained independence in 1994, it is one of the worlds youngest and least populated nations. Beluu er a Belau... Palau - Republic of Palau
  • Palauan: Belau - Beluu er a Belau
  • English: Palau - Republic of Palau
دولةفلسطين Daulat Filastin Proposed Flag of Palestine PNA Coat of Arms Area initially claimed by State of Palestine Official language Arabic Proclaimed Capital Jerusalem Proclaimed Area  - West Bank  - Gaza Strip  - Israel not ranked 5,860 km² 360 km... Palestine7 - State of Palestine
  • Arabic: Filastīn / فلسطين - Daulat Filastin / دولةفلسطين
Panama (Spanish: Panamá) is the southernmost country of Central America. It constitutes the last part of a natural land bridge between the North American and South American continents. It borders Costa Rica to the west and Colombia to the east. República de Panamá (In Detail) (Full size) National motto... Panama - Republic of Panama
  • Spanish: Panamá - República de Panamá
Papua New Guinea is a country in Oceania, occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea (the other half is the Papua province of Indonesia). It is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, north of Australia, and west of the Solomon Islands. Papua New Guinea (Flag) (Coat of... Papua New Guinea - Independent State of Papua New Guinea
  • English: Papua New Guinea - Independent State of Papua New Guinea
The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked republic in South America. Lying on both banks of the Paraguay River, it borders Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the northeast and Bolivia to the northwest. The name Paraguay is derived from the Guarani words pará, meaning river and guay... Paraguay - Republic of Paraguay
  • Spanish: Paraguay - República del Paraguay
  • Guarani: Paraguái - Têta Paraguái
For other uses, see Peru (disambiguation). The Republic of Peru (Spanish: Perú; Quechua, Aymara: Piruw) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean... Peru - Republic of Peru
  • Spanish: Perú - República del Perú
The Republic of the Philippines is an island nation consisting of an archipelago of 7,107 islands, lying in the tropical western Pacific Ocean about 100 kilometers southeast of mainland Asia. Spain (1565-1898) and the United States (1898-1946), colonized the country and have been the largest influences on... Philippines - Republic of the Philippines
  • Filipino: Pilipinas - Republika ng Pilipinas
  • English: Philippines - Republic of the Philippines
For other uses, see Poland is a country in Central Europe. Poland is also the name of some places in the United States of America: Poland, Maine Poland, New York Poland, Ohio This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Poland - Republic of Poland
  • Polish: Polska - Rzeczpospolita Polska
The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic There is presently an editing dispute over two versions of this page. One version is below; you may also view the other version (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Republic&oldid={{{1}}}) or... Portugal4 - Portuguese Republic
  • Portuguese: Portugal - República Portuguesa
The State of Qatar (قطر) is an emirate in the Middle East. Situated on a small peninsula off the larger Arabian Peninsula, it borders Saudi Arabia to the south and is otherwise surrounded by the Persian Gulf. The pronunciation of Qatar in English varies; see List of words... Qatar - State of Qatar
  • Arabic: Qaṭar / قطر - Dawlat Qatar / دولة قطر
Romania (formerly spelled Rumania or Roumania) is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Ukraine and Moldova in the northeast, Hungary and Serbia in the west and Bulgaria to the south. Romania also has a stretch of sea coast on the Black Sea. România (Flag) (Coat of... Romania
  • Romanian: România
The Russian Federation ( Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: The Russian Federation ( Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: Russia and many other countries Region: Eastern Europe and Asia Total speakers: 280 million Ranking: 4... Russia3 - Russian Federation
  • Russian: Rossija / Россия - Rossijskaja Federacija / Российская Федерация
Rwanda is a country in central Africa. It is bordered by Uganda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania. The indigenous population consists of three ethnic groups. The Hutus, who comprise the majority of the population, are farmers of Bantu origin. The Tutsis are a pastoral people who arrived... Rwanda - Republic of Rwanda
  • Rwandese: Rwanda - Repubulika y'u Rwanda
  • French: Rwanda - République du Rwanda
  • English: Rwanda - Republic of Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis is an island nation in the Caribbean. Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis (In Detail) National motto: Country Above Self Official language English Capital Basseterre Queen Elizabeth II Governor General Sir Cuthbert Sebastian Prime Minister Dr. Denzil Douglas Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 186th 261... Saint Kitts and Nevis4 - Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • English: Saint Kitts and Nevis - Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
This article is about the country in the Caribbean; for the Catholic saint, see Saint Lucy Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Part of the Lesser Antilles, it is located north of the islands of Saint Vincent and... Saint Lucia -
  • English: Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an independent sovereign state of the Caribbean, part of the Commonwealth of Nations. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Pax et justitia (Latin: Peace and justice) Official language English Capital Kingstown Queen Elizabeth II Governor General Sir Frederick Ballantyne... Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
The Independent State of Samoa (conventional long form) or Samoa (conventional short form) is a country comprising a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean. Previous names are Western Samoa from 1914 to 1997 and German Samoa from 1900 to 1914. Malo Saoloto Tutoatasi o Samoa Independent... Samoa - Independent State of Samoa
  • English: Samoa - Independent State of Samoa
  • Samoan: Samoa - Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
For other uses, see San Marino (disambiguation). The Most Serene Republic of San Marino or San Marino (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino or San Marino) is one of the smallest nations in the world. Located in southern Europe, it is completely surrounded by Italy and has a population of... San Marino - Most Serene Republic of San Marino
  • Italian: San Marino - Serenissima Repubblica

di San Marino

São Tomé and Príncipe4 - Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe - República Democrática de

São Tomé e Príncipe

The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a country on the Arabian Peninsula. It borders Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen, with the Persian Gulf to its... Saudi Arabia - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Arabic: Al-ʿArabiyyah as-Saʿūdiyyah / العربية السعودية - Al-Mamlakah al-'Arabiyah as-Sa'udiyah / المملكة العربيّة السّعوديّة
The Republic of Senegal is a country south of the Senegal River in West Africa. Senegal is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, and Guinea and Guinea-Bissau to the south. The Gambia forms a virtual enclave within Senegal, following... Senegal - Republic of Senegal
  • French: Sénégal - République du Sénégal
Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Србија и Црна Гора / Srbija i Crna Gora, often abbreviated as SCG) is the name of the union of Serbia and Montenegro, two former Yugoslav republics united since 2003 in a loose confederation. It is... Serbia and Montenegro3,4,8 - State Community of Serbia and Montenegro
  • Serbian: Srbija i Crna Gora / Србија и Црна Гора - Državna zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora /

Државна заједница Србија и Црна Гора

The Republic of Seychelles (Creole: Repiblik Sesel) is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, some 1,600 km east of mainland Africa, northeast of the island of Madagascar. Other nearby island countries and territories include Mauritius and Réunion to the south, Comoros to the southwest, and the Maldives... Seychelles - Republic of Seychelles
  • English: Seychelles - Republic of Seychelles
  • French: Seychelles - République des Seychelles
  • Seselwa: Sesel - Repiblik Sesel
The Republic of Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The country is bordered by Guinea in the north and Liberia in the southeast. Republic of Sierra Leone (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Unity - Freedom - Justice Official language English Capital Freetown... Sierra Leone - Republic of Sierra Leone
  • English: Sierra Leone - Republic of Sierra Leone
Republic of Singapore 新加坡共和国 Republik Singapura சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Flag) (Coat of Arms) National motto: Majulah Singapura (English: Onward, Singapore) Official languages English, Mandarin Chinese, Malay, Tamil Capital... Singapore - Republic of Singapore
  • Malay: Singapura - Republik Singapura
  • Chinese: Xinjiapo / 新加坡 - Xīnjīapō Gònghéguó / 新加坡共和国
  • Tamil: Čiṅkappūr / சிங்கப்பூர் - Cingkappūr Kudiyarasu / சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு
  • English: Singapore - Republic of Singapore
Slovenská republika ( Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of Slovakia was adopted on January 1, 1992. The original version lacked the emblem, which was added in September, to distinguish the flag from the Flag of Russia. National flags List of national flags | Gallery of national flags List of national... Slovakia - Slovak Republic
  • Slovak: Slovensko - Slovenská Republika
The Republic of Slovenia ( This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Slovenian or Slovene language (Slovenian: slovenski jezik or slovenščina) is one of the Slavic languages. It is spoken by approximately two million speakers worldwide, most of... Slovenia - Republic of Slovenia
  • Slovenian: Slovenija - Republika Slovenija
The Solomon Islands is a nation in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea and is part of the Commonwealth of Nations. It consists of more than 990 islands, which together cover a land mass of 28,000 square kilometres. Solomon Islands (adopted November 18, 1977) (Full size... Solomon Islands
  • English: Solomon Islands
Somalia (Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال, As-Sumal), formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic, is an African country that exists solely in a de jure capacity. Somalia has no recognized central government authority, no national currency, nor any other feature associated with a well... Somalia1,9
  • Somalian: Soomaaliya
Somaliland (Somali: Soomaaliland) is a former British territory located in the northwest region of Somalia in the Horn of Africa. In May of 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes five of the eighteen administrative regions of Somalia, roughly the region between Ethiopia, Djibouti and... Somaliland1 - Republic of Somaliland
  • Somalian: Somaliland
The Republic of South Africa (listen) is a republic at the southern tip of the African continent. It is bordered to the north by Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe and to the north-east by Mozambique and Swaziland. Lesotho is contained entirely inside the borders of South Africa. South Africa is... South Africa - Republic of South Africa
  • English: South Africa - Republic of South Africa
  • Afrikaans: Suid-Afrika - Republiek van Suid-Afrika
  • Xhosa: Mzantsi Afrika - IRiphabliki yaseMzantsi Afrika
  • Zulu: Ningizimu Afrika - IRiphabliki yaseNingizimu Afrika
The Republic of South Ossetia (in Russian Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya, Республика Южная Осетия; in Ossetian Respublikae Xussar Iryston, Республикæ Хусса... South Ossetia1 - Republic of South Ossetia
  • Ossetian: Xussar Iryston / Хуссар Ирыстон - Respublikae Xussar Iryston / Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон
  • Russian: Južnaja Osetia / Южная Осетия - Respublika Južnaja Osetija/ Республика Южная Осетия
The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish (espa ol or castellano) Spoken in: Mexico, Colombia, Spain, Argentina, Nicaragua, Chile, USA, Venezuela, Costa Rica , Cuba, Peru, and 34 other countries. Region: Total speakers: 417 million (including second language speakers) Ranking: 2 (first language speakers, may vary based on metric) Genetic classification... Spain3 - Kingdom of Spain
  • Spanish: España - Reino de España
  • Basque: Espainia - Espainiako Erresuma
  • Catalan: Espanya - Regne d'Espanya
  • Galician: España - Reino de España
The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්රී ලංකා in Sinhala / இலங்கை in Tamil) (known as Ceylon before 1972) is a tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent. The island was known in ancient times... Sri Lanka - Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
  • Sinhala: Sri Lanka - Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya
  • Tamil: Llankai / இலங்கை - Illankai Chananaayaka Chosalisa Kudiyarasu
Foreign relations Main article: Foreign relations of Sudan Sudan has a territorial dispute with Egypt over the Halaib Triangle. States Main article: States of Sudan Sudan has 26 states or wilayat: Al Jazirah, Al Qadarif, Bahr al Jabal, Blue Nile, East Equatoria, Junqali, Kassala, Khartoum, Lakes, North Bahr al... Sudan - Republic of the Sudan
  • Arabic: As-Sūdān / السودان - Jumhuriyat as-Sudan / جمهورية السودان
-1... Suriname - Republic of Suriname
  • Dutch: Suriname - Republiek Suriname
The Kingdom of Swaziland is a small country in southern Africa, embedded between South Africa in the west and Mozambique in the east. Umbuso weSwatini Kingdom of Swaziland (In Detail) National motto: Siyinqaba (Swati: We are the fortress) Official language Swati and English Capitals Mbabane: administrative Lobamba: royal and legislative... Swaziland - Kingdom of Swaziland
  • English: Swaziland - Kingdom of Swaziland
  • Swazi: eSwatini - Umbuso weSwatini
The Kingdom of Sweden ( Swedish (svenska) Spoken in: Sweden (Swedish: Sverige) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe. It is bordered by Norway on the west, Finland on the northeast, the Skagerrak and the Kattegat on the southwest, and the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia on... Sweden - Kingdom of Sweden
  • Swedish: Sverige - Konungariket Sverige
The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογο... Switzerland3 - Swiss Confederation
  • German: Schweiz - Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft
  • French: Suisse - Confédération suisse
  • Italian: Svizzera - Confederazione Svizzera
  • Raeto-Romance: Svizra - Confederaziun Svizra
The Syrian Arab Republic is a country in the Middle East, bordering (from south to north) on Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey. The borders with Israel and Turkey are subject to dispute, pending the resolution of outstanding conflicts over possession of the Golan Heights and the region of Iskenderun... Syria - Syrian Arab Republic
  • Arabic: Sūriyyah / سورية - Al-Jumhuriyah al-'Arabiyah al-Suriyah / الجمهوريّة العربيّة السّوريّة
The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) is a state that currently administers the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy, and the... Taiwan (ROC)1 - Republic of China
  • Chinese: Táiwān / 台灣 - JhongHuá MínGuó / 中華民國
The Republic of Tajikistan (Тоҷикистон), formerly known as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic, is a country in Central Asia. It has borders with Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. Jumhurii Tojikiston (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: none Official language Tajiki-Persian... Tajikistan4 - Republic of Tajikistan
  • Persian (Tajiki-Persian): Tojikistan / Тоҷикистон - Jumhurii Tojikiston
The United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania in Swahili) is a country on the east coast of central Africa. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda on the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique on... Tanzania - United Republic of Tanzania
  • Swahili: Tanzania - Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
The Kingdom of Thailand is a country in southeast Asia, bordering Laos and Cambodia to the east, the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia to the south, and the Andaman Sea and Myanmar to the west. Thailand is also known as Siam, which was the countrys official name until May... Thailand - Kingdom of Thailand
  • Thai: Prathēt Thai / ราชอาณาจักรไทย - Ratcha Anachak Thai
See also Togoville for the town formerly known as Togo The Togolese Republic is a country in West Africa, bordering Ghana in the west, Benin in the east and Burkina Faso in the north. In the south, it has a small Gulf of Guinea coast, on which the capital Lom... Togo - Togolese Republic
  • French: Togo - République Togolaise
The Kingdom of Tonga is an archipelago in the southern Pacific Ocean, about a third of the way between New Zealand and Hawaii. It lies south of Samoa and east of Fiji. Puleanga Fakatui o Tonga Kingdom of Tonga (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Ko e Otua... Tonga - Kingdom of Tonga
  • Tongan: Tonga - Pule'anga Fakatu'i 'o Tonga
  • English: Tonga - Kingdom of Tonga
Transnistria or Transdniester (Russian: Приднестровье (Pridnestrovye), Romanian Transnistria, referred to as Stânga Nistrului (Left Bank of the Nistru) by official Moldovan sources). Transnistria is a region in eastern Europe. The name comes from it being... Transnistria1 - Transdniestrian Moldovan Republic
  • Russian: Pridnestrovje / Приднестровье - Приднестровская Молдавская Республика
  • Romanian/Moldovan (unofficial): Stînga Nistrului - Republica Moldovenească Nistreană / Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ
For other uses of the word Trinidad, see Trinidad (disambiguation) The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a nation located in the southern Caribbean Sea, off the coast of Venezuela. It is an archipelagic state consisting of two main islands, Trinidad and Tobago, and 21 smaller islands, the most important... Trinidad and Tobago4 - Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
  • English: Trinidad and Tobago - Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
The Tunisian Republic, or Tunisia, is a Muslim Arab country situated on the North African Mediterranean coast. It borders on Algeria to the west and Libya to the south and east. الجمهرية التونسية El-joumhouriyya et... Tunisia - Republic of Tunisia
  • Arabic: Tūnis / تونس - Al Jumhuriyya at-Tūsiyya / الجمهرية التونسية
For other uses, see Turkey (disambiguation). The Republic of Turkey is a country located in Southwest Asia with a small part of its territory (3%) in southeastern Europe. Until 1922 the country was the center of the Ottoman Empire. The Anatolian peninsula, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea... Turkey - Republic of Turkey
  • Turkish: Türkiye - Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Turkmenistan, once known as the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic is a country in Central Asia. It has borders with Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and has a coastline on the Caspian Sea. Türkmenistanyn Respublikasy Turkmenistan (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: none Official language Turkmen Capital Ashgabat President and Prime... Turkmenistan
  • Turkmen: Türkmenistan
Tuvalu Flag of Tuvalu Tuvalu Coat of Arms National anthem Tuvalu mo te Atua (Tuvaluan: Eight Standing Together for the Almighty) Languages Tuvaluan, English Capitals Funafuti (atoll), Vaiaku (village; Gov.), Fongafale (village) Queen Elizabeth II Governor-General Faimalaga Luka Prime Minister Maatia Toafa Independence From the U.K. October 1... Tuvalu
  • Tuvaluan: Tuvalu
  • English: Tuvalu
The Republic of Uganda is a country in east central Africa. It is bordered in the east by Kenya, in the north by Sudan, by the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Rwanda in the southwest and Tanzania in the south. The southern part of the country includes a... Uganda - Republic of Uganda
  • English: Uganda - Republic of Uganda
-1... Ukraine4
  • Ukrainian: Ukrajina / Україна
UAE redirects here; for other uses of that term, see UAE (disambiguation) The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. Before... United Arab Emirates3
  • Arabic: Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah / الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a This article describes a type of political entity. Country is also a short form for the Rural areas are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities and towns. Such areas are distinct from more intensively settled... United Kingdom2,3 - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • English: United Kingdom - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
This article is on the country in North America. For other uses, see United States may refer to: The United States of America, a country in North America. The SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. The USS United States, a never-built aircraft carrier. The United Mexican... United States2,3 - United States of America
  • English: United States - United States of America
The Republic Eastern of the Uruguay (Spanish: República Oriental del Uruguay), is a Spanish speaking country located in southern South America. The nation is triangular in shape and is bordered by Brazil to the north, the Uruguay River to the west, the estuary of the Rio de la Plata... Uruguay - Eastern Republic of Uruguay
  • Spanish: Uruguay - República Oriental del Uruguay
The Republic of Uzbekistan is a doubly landlocked country in Central Asia (it is surrounded only by landlocked countries and, along with Liechtenstein, is one of only two such countries in the world). It shares borders with Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. O‘zbekiston Respublikasi (In detail) (Full... Uzbekistan4 - Republic of Uzbekistan
  • Uzbek: O'zbekiston - O‘zbekiston Respublikasi
The Republic of Vanuatu is a country located in the South Pacific Ocean. The archipelago is located some 1,750 km east of Australia, 500 km north-east of New Caledonia, west of Fiji and south of the Solomon Islands. Its colonial name, New Hebrides, is no longer used except... Vanuatu - Republic of Vanuatu
  • Bislama: Vanuatu - Ripablik blong Vanuatu
  • English: Vanuatu - Republic of Vanuatu
  • French: Vanuatu - République du Vanuatu
The State of the City of the Vatican or the Vatican City (Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae, Italian Stato della Città del Vaticano) is the smallest independent state in the world (both in area and in population), a landlocked enclave surrounded by the city of Rome in Italy. The Vatican is... Vatican City/Holy See - State of the Vatican City
  • Italian: Città del Vaticano - Stato della Città del Vaticano
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela)1 is a country in northern South America.2 It borders the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. Off the Venezuelan coast are... Venezuela 3 - Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
  • Spanish: Venezuela - República Bolivariana de Venezuela
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia. It borders China, Laos, Cambodia, and the Gulf of Tonkin. Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam (In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Ðộc lập... Viet Nam - Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • Vietnamese: Việt Nam - Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam
Western Sahara (EH in ISO 3166-1) is a region of northwestern Africa, bordering Morocco on the north, Algeria on the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. The largest city is El Aaiún (Laayoune), containing the majority of the population. Whether... Western Sahara6 - Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic
  • Arabic: Al-Saḥrāwiyyah / صحراوية - Al-Jumhūrīyâ al-Arabīyâ as-Sahrāwīyâ ad-Dīmuqrātīyâ / الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية
This article needs to be wikified. Please format this article according to the guidelines laid out at Wikipedia:How to edit a page, then remove this notice. The Republic of Yemen is a country in the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, and is a part of the Middle East, bordering... Yemen - Republic of Yemen
  • Arabic: Al-Yaman / اليمن - Al-Jumhuriyah al-Yamaniyah / الجمهوريّة اليمنية
Zambia is a republic in south central Africa. It borders the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, and Angola. Zambias capital and largest city is Lusaka. Republic of Zambia (Flag) (Coat of Arms) National motto: One Zambia, One Nation Official languages English Capital... Zambia - Republic of Zambia
  • English: Zambia - Republic of Zambia
The Republic of Zimbabwe is a country located in the southern part of the continent of Africa, between the Victoria Falls, Zambezi river, Kariba Dam and Limpopo river. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the west, Zambia to the north and Mozambique to the east... Zimbabwe - Republic of Zimbabwe
  • English: Zimbabwe - Republic of Zimbabwe

Notes

  • 1: This list includes de facto independent countries. More information can be found at the Several countries in the world have no general international recognition, but are de facto independent. Most are subnational regions that broke off from their home country. Contents // 1 Unrecognized states with de facto control over their territory 2 Partially recognized states largely under occupation 3 Historic unrecognized states with de... list of unrecognized countries.
  • 2: Some sovereign states have overseas dependencies, generally not part of the territory of the state. More information can be found at the List of dependent countries.
  • 3: Some sovereign states have more or less This article is about federal states. For alternative meanings, see Federation (disambiguation). A federation (from the Latin fœdus, covenant) is a state comprised of a number of self-governing regions (often themselves referred to as states) united by a central (federal) government. In a federation the self-governing... federal structures. More information can be found at a List of federations.
  • 4: Some sovereign states have autonomous entities as part of the territory of the state. More information can be found at the Several countries have autonomous entities inside their territory, usually giving autonomy to ethnic minorities or isolated areas. Sovereign states Category Short name (native) Argentina 1 autonomous city Buenos Aires Azerbaijan 1 autonomous republic Nakhchivan (Naxçivan) 1 autonomous region Nagorno Karabakh (Lernayin Gharabagh / Լեռնայի... list of autonomous entities.
  • 5: The Република Македонија Republika Makedonija (In detail) (Full size) National motto: None Official languages Macedonian2 Capital Skopje President Branko Crvenkovski Prime Minister Vlado Buckovski Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 145th 25,713 km... Republic of Macedonia is known also as "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", see Contents // 1 International disputes 1.1 Naming dispute with Greece 1.2 Boundary with Serbia 1.3 Issues with the Albanians 1.4 Issues in the relations with Bulgaria 2 Illicit drugs 3 See also 4 External links International disputes Naming dispute with Greece The Republic of Macedonia (also Former... Foreign relations of the Republic of Macedonia.
  • 6: Western Sahara: see Politics of Western Sahara Politics of Western Sahara Political parties in Western Sahara Elections in Western Sahara Country name: conventional long form: none conventional short form: Western Sahara former: Spanish Sahara Data code: WI Government type: legal status of territory and question of sovereignty unresolved; territory contested by Morocco and... Politics of Western Sahara
  • 7: Palestine: " دولةفلسطين Daulat Filastin Proposed Flag of Palestine PNA Coat of Arms Area initially claimed by State of Palestine Official language Arabic Proclaimed Capital Jerusalem Proclaimed Area  - West Bank  - Gaza Strip  - Israel not ranked 5,860 km² 360 km... State of Palestine" was declared 1988 and recognized by a series of Arab and Muslim countries, see also: The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Proposals for a Palestinian state vary depending on ones views of Palestinian statehood, as well as various definitions of Palestine and Palestinian (see also State of Palestine). Contents // 1 History 2 Historical proposals... proposals for a Palestinian state and The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please help by reporting disputed passages and terms on the talk page. The term Palestinian territories is used by mainstream Western journalists as a collective name for the West Bank and the Gaza Strip - two disputed territories in Palestine. See: State of Palestine... Palestinian territories. Map of the Gaza Strip from The World Factbook. The Gaza Strip is a narrow strip of land just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula. At the end of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War it was occupied by the Egyptians, under which it remained until it was claimed by Israel during... Gaza Strip, The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please help by reporting disputed passages and terms on the talk page. The West Bank is a territory in the Middle East constituting the area west of the Jordan River annexed by Jordan at the end of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The... West Bank, For other uses, see Israel (disambiguation). The State of Israel (Hebrew: מדינת ישראל, translit.: Medinat Yisrael; Arabic: دولة اسرائيل, translit.: Daulat Israil) is a country in the Middle East on the... Israel include country articles about areas in the Palestine (Latin: Syria Palæstina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina, ארץ־ישראל Eretz Yisrael; Arabic: فلسطين Filasṭīn), is a region in the Middle East extending inland from the eastern shore of... Palestine region.
  • 8: Kosovo (Kosova - Kosovo i Metohija / Косово и Метохија), a Serbian autonomous province, is under The United Nations Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration of the Serbian province (as part of Serbia and Montenegro) called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), under the authority of the United Nations. The current head of UNMIK is the Danish diplomat Soren Jessen-Petersen. The mission... UN administration since 1999
  • 9: Somalia is a country that currently only exists in a de jure capacity
  • 10: Also known as Ivory Coast (which was formerly its official name)
  • 11: Also known as Burma (which was formerly its official name)

Other listings

  • Several countries in the world have no general international recognition, but are de facto independent. Most are subnational regions that broke off from their home country. Contents // 1 Unrecognized states with de facto control over their territory 2 Partially recognized states largely under occupation 3 Historic unrecognized states with de... of unrecognized countries
  • Several countries have autonomous entities inside their territory, usually giving autonomy to ethnic minorities or isolated areas. Sovereign states Category Short name (native) Argentina 1 autonomous city Buenos Aires Azerbaijan 1 autonomous republic Nakhchivan (Naxçivan) 1 autonomous region Nagorno Karabakh (Lernayin Gharabagh / Լեռնայի... of autonomous entities
  • This is a list of dependent territories and other dependencies. Contents // 1 The count 2 List of dependencies by country 2.1 Australia 2.2 Peoples Republic of China 2.3 Denmark 2.4 France 2.5 The Netherlands 2.6 New Zealand 2.7 Norway 2.8 United... of dependent territories
  • This list includes only disputes between widely-recognized countries, and does not cover regions which have proclaimed independence but have not been recognized, nor regions which are seeking independence. For such a list, see List of active autonomist and secessionist movements. Antarctica (claims deferred, see Antarctic Treaty) Arunachal Pradesh (India... disputed or occupied areas
  • This is a list of currently active autonomist and secessionist movements around the world. For defunct movements, please see: List of historical autonomist and secessionist movements Autonomist and secessionist movements by country Africa Algeria - Angola - Benin - Cameroon - Chad - Comoros - Congo-Kinshasa - Côte dIvoire - Equatorial Guinea - Ethiopia - France - Ghana... of active autonomist and secessionist movements
  • An imaginary country or fantasy country is often important in mail art, as it issues its own artistamps. It can sometimes be difficult to distinguish between an imaginary country, which does not even attempt to make any colourable claim to sovereignty, and a micronation, which does. There are also imaginary... of imaginary countries
  • The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. This article is about small nations that are not recognized by any world government. For information on countries that are legitimately recognized, but are geographically tiny such as Nauru, Monaco and San Marino, see... of micronations
  • In the past, many states, countries or territories have been in existence. This page attempts to list them, grouped into a number of categories. See also: list of countries, list of historical national capitals Contents // 1 Ancient Afro-Eurasian civilizations 2 Ancient American civilizations 3 Middle ages 4 Pre-colonial... of former countries
  • Here is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. Areas include inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Rank Country Area (km²) Notes   The World in Plate Carrée Projection In English, world is rooted in a compound of the obsolete words were, man, and... by area
  • This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. There are also: List of capitals and larger cities by country list of capitals of subnational entities list of historical national capitals   A Abidjan Côte dIvoire (administrative) Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Abuja Nigeria... by capital city
  • You can also browse countries alphabetically, by capital city, by population, by area, by population density, by date of nationhood and by time zone. The below list contains both states and dependent territories, see country, state, nation state for some explanation of the difference between these. Countries listed by continent... by continent
  • You may be looking for: list of countries by GDP (nominal) - list based on current currency market exchange rates list of countries by GDP (PPP) - list based on purchasing power parity This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... by gross domestic product
  • This is a list of island nations, political entities that are located on islands or island-continents. Contents // 1 Current 1.1 By political status 1.1.1 Independent 1.1.2 Independence under dispute 1.1.3 Autonomous or semi-autonomous 1.2 By geographic configuration 1.2.1... of island countries
  • The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page. Below is a list of nations in chronological order of their nationhood. Nation-building is a long evolutionary process. It is therefore practically impossible to come up with a single date... by date of nationhood
  • This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population. Only sovereign states are numbered, but non-sovereign territories are also included for purposes of comparison. The data are generally a projection for July 2005 made by the The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census... by population
  • List of countries/dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The figures in this table are based on areas including inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers.) Population data is an estimate for July 2004. Only countries, dependencies and territories for which data is available are included in this list. Rank... by population density
  • -1... by time zone
  • by highest point
  • by amount of active troops

For more sources, see Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. These sources are cited within the thousands of articles which link to this page. 1 The United States Census... Geographic references.


Related topics

  • This is are a series of lists by country. The generally cover the countries on the list of sovereign states. Contents // 1 Topical country articles 2 Topics sorted by country 3 Lists for most countries 4 Other Topical country articles Main articles History Politics Subnational entities Culture: see in Culture... Lists by country
  • See also:Wikipedia:List of lists and Wikipedia:List of lists/uncategorized This is a list of reference tables, similar to the collection of reference tables found at the back of almanacs, dictionaries and encyclopedias (or an index of them, if theyre scattered throughout the work). It includes listings... List of reference tables
  • Physical map of the Earth (Medium) (Large 2 MB) Geography is the scientific study of the locational and spatial variation in both physical and human phenomena on Earth. The word derives from the Greek words γη or γεια (Earth) and γραφει... Geography
  • For other uses, see Earth (disambiguation). Earth The Blue Marble, taken from Apollo 17 Human Social statistics Largest Agglomerations Tokyo, Mexico City, Seoul, New York, São Paulo, Bombay Languages (2000 est.) Mandarin Chinese 14.37%, Hindi 6.02%, English 5.61%, Spanish 5.59%, Bengali 3.4%, Portuguese 2... The Earth
  • Dymaxion map by Buckminster Fuller shows land mass with minimal distortion as only one continuous continent A continent (Latin continere, to hold together) is a large continuous mass of land on the planet Earth. There is no single standard for what defines a continent, and therefore various cultures and sciences... Continent
  • The following chart lists the countries of the world, along with their capital cities, in English as well as in the countrys native language (when different). Notes: The English names given are the short, most familiar forms (e.g. Taiwan rather than Republic of China and Afghanistan rather than... list of countries and capitals in native languages
  • Most countries of the world have alternative names in different languages. Some countries have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known alternative names for all nations, countries and sovereign states. It does not offer any opinion about what the original, official... list of country names in various languages
  • Most countries of the world have alternative names. Some countries have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known alternative names and initialisms for all nations, countries and sovereign states, in English and any predominant or official languages of the country in... list of alternative country names
  • Micronations

  Results from FactBites:
 
Countries of the world (4436 words)
Forty-eight contiguous states lie in central North America between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bounded on land by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south; Alaska is in the northwest of the continent with Canada to its east, and Hawaii is in the mid-Pacific.
The full name of the country was first used officially in the Declaration of Independence, which was the "unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America" adopted by the "Representatives of the united States of America" on July 4, 1776.
The Mayflower transported Pilgrims to the New World in 1620.
Countries of the world (7930 words)
Cuba was a Spanish possession for 388 years, ruled by a governor in Havana, with an economy based on plantation agriculture and the export of sugar, coffee and tobacco to Europe and later to North America.
According to World Health Organization statistics, life expectancy and infant mortality rates in Cuba have been comparable to Western industrialized countries since such information was first gathered in 1957, including before the revolution.
According to the CIA's World Factbook, Cuba is 51% mulatto (mixed white and fl), 37% white, 11% fl, and 1% Chinese.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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