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Encyclopedia > Countess of Artois

The County of Artois (French: Comté d'Artois) was a Carolingian comitatus ('county'), established by the counts Odalric and Ecfrid of Artois, then integrated into the County of Flanders, first by Baldwin II of Flanders around 898, then by Arnulf I of Flanders. Also see: France in the Middle Ages. ... This article deals with the historical county of Flanders, for present-day Flanders see Flanders The geographical region and former county of Flanders contains not only the two Belgian provinces but also the present-day French département of Nord, in parts of which there is still a Flemish-speaking... Baldwin II of Flanders (c. ... Events Accession of Pope John IX Accession of King Kasyapa IV of Sri Lanka Magyar army headed by Álmos besieges Kiev Magyar tribes found state of Szekesfahervar in Hungary Bologna joins Italian Kingdom End of Yodit era in Ethiopia Foundation of Bhaktapur in Nepal Births Deaths Category: ... Arnulf I of Flanders (died March 27, 965), known as Arnulf the Great, was count of Flanders from 918 to 965. ...


A new territorial principality was established by the division of the county of Flanders as a dowry given by Philip I of Flanders to his niece Isabelle of Hainaut at the time of her marriage to Philip II of France. Philip of Alsace was count of Flanders from 1168 to 1191. ... Isabelle of Hainaut (1170 - 1190) was queen consort of France. ... Philip II (French: Philippe II), called Philip Augustus (French: Philippe Auguste) (August 21, 1165 – July 14, 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223. ...


The Treaty of Guînes in 1212 gave Aire-sur-la-Lys, Saint-Omer and Guînes to Philip II. The rest of the county was acquired by the French Crown after the Flemish defeat at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214 and the Treaty of Melun in 1226. Artois then became an appanage of Robert I of Artois, the youngest son of Louis VIII of France. Events The first Great Fire of London burns most of the city to the ground Battle of Navas de Tolosa Childrens crusade Crusaders push the Muslims out of northern Spain In Japan, Kamo no Chōmei writes the Hōjōki, one of the great works of classical Japanese... Aire-sur-la-Lys is a commune of the Pas-de-Calais département, in northern France. ... Saint-Omer, a town and commune of Artois in northern France, sous-préfecture of the Pas-de-Calais département, 42 miles west-north-west of Lille on the railway to Calais. ... Guînes (Gizerne in Dutch)is the chief town of the canton of the north of France in the Pas-de-Calais (62) department of Calais. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; a... The Battle of Bouvines, July 27, 1214, was the first great international conflict of alliances among national forces in Europe. ... Events Simon Apulia becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events Carmelite Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II calls Imperial Diet of Cremona Births June 21 - King Boleslaus V of Poland (died 1279) Abul-Faraj, Syriac scholar (died 1286) Bar-Hebraeus, Syriac historian and bishop (died 1286) Deaths March 7 - William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English... Artois is a former province of northern France. ... The system of appanage has greatly influenced the territorial construction of France and explains the flag of many provinces of France. ... Robert I the Good (1216 – February 8, 1250) was Count of Artois. ... Louis VIII the Lion (French: Louis VIII le Lion) (September 5, 1187 – November 8, 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226. ...


After the death of count Robert II at the Battle of the Golden Spurs in 1302, a succession dispute arose between Robert's daughter, Countess Mahaut, and her nephew Robert III, who represented the claim of his father Philip, who had died at the Battle of Furnes in 1298. Robert II of Artois (September 1250 – July 11, 1302) was the posthumous son and heir of Robert I of Artois and Matilda of Brabant. ... Combatants Flanders France Commanders Willem van Gullik Pieter de Coninc Guy of Namur Robert II of Artois Strength 9,000 8,000 Casualties 100 est. ... Events July 11 - Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch), major victory of Flanders over the French occupier. ... Mahaut of Artois (1268 – October 27, 1329, Paris), was the daughter of Robert II, Count of Artois and Amicie de Courtenay. ... Robert III of Artois (1287–1342, London) was the son of Philip of Artois and Blanche of Brittany. ... Philip of Artois (1269 – September 11, 1298) was the son of Robert II of Artois, Count of Artois and Amicie de Courtenay. ... Combatants French Flemish Commanders Robert II of Artois The Battle of Furnes was fought on August 20, 1297 between French and Flemish forces. ... Events July 2 - The Battle of Göllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg. ...


Artois then passed to Jeanne of Burgundy, daughter of Mahaut and Otto IV, Count of Burgundy, and wife of Philip V of France. Philip V gave Artois to his daughter Jeanne, wife of Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy. Philip V the Tall (French: Philippe V le Long) (1293 - January 3, 1322) was King of France from 1316 to 1322, a member of the Capetian dynasty. ... Eudes IV of Burgundy (1295 – April 3, 1350) was Duke of Burgundy from 1315 until his death. ...


On the death of Jeanne and Eudes' grandson Philip I in 1361, Artois reverted to a grandson of Philip V, Louis II of Flanders. Louis' daughter Margaret III married Philip the Bold in 1369. Philip I of Burgundy, also known as Philip of Rouvres (1346 – November 21, 1361) was Duke of Burgundy between 1349 and 1361. ... Founding of the University of Pavia, Italy. ... Louis II of Flanders (October 25, 1330, Mâle – January 30, 1384, Lille), known as Louis of Mâle, was the son of Louis I of Flanders and Marguerite of France, and Count of Flanders. ... Margaret of Dampierre (1350-1405) was countess of Flanders and twice Duchess of Burgundy. ... Philip II, Duke of Burgundy Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, known as the Bold (Philippe II de Bourgogne, le Hardi in French) (January 15, 1342, Pontoise – April 27, 1404, Halle), was the fourth son of King John II of France and his wife, Bonne (Judith), daughter of the king and... Events King Charles V of France renounces the treaty of Brétigny and war is declared between France and England. ...


On the death of Louis II in 1384, Artois became part of the vast, complex territory of Burgundy. Seized by Louis XI of France and established as a seneschalate, then officially ceded to the king by the Treaty of Arras in 1482, it passed to the Habsburgs in the 1493 Treaty of Senlis. It reverted to French rule in the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659 and became a titular county in the peerage of France; the most notable of these pairs was the future Charles X of France. Events May / September 3 - Siege of Lisbon by the Castilian army, during the 1383-1385 Crisis Births Antoine, Duke of Brabant (died 1415) St Frances of Rome (died 1440) Khalil Sultan, ruler of Transoxiana (died 1411) Deaths January 1 - King Charles II of Navarre (b. ... Coat of arms of the 2nd duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks. ... Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), or the Spider King, was King of France (1461–1483). ... A seneschal was an officer in the houses of important nobles in the Middle Ages. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... 1493 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of the Pyrenees was a treaty signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years War. ... // Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ... The Peerage of France (French: ) was a distinction within the French nobility which appeared in the Middle Ages. ... Charles X of France and Navarre (October 9, 1757 – November 6, 1836) was born at the Palace of Versailles. ...


Counts of Artois


 
 

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