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Encyclopedia > Counseling psychology

Counseling psychology is an application of the basic professional skills in psychology to a population that has been more located in schools rather than hospitals and clinics.


Counseling psychology grew up in the area of guidance, the special relationships developed in schools and universities for answering student needs beyond instruction. Another early stream of influence was from vocational rehabilitation. The Veterans' Administration, in the United States, sponsored guidance counseling for World War I veterans who sought compensation for disabling injuries. Later, after World War II and the expanded GI benefits, the VA used counseling psychologists in both their regional offices and attached to VA medical centers, to work with veterans around vocational adjustment to disability, and educational issues in retraining for civilian work and career. University counseling centers were the locus of many early developments in counseling psychology. Gradually, programs in counseling psychology have become a co-equal basic training regimen for eligibility for licensing as a professional psychologist, along with programs in clinical psychology. Counseling psychologists and clinical psychologist are now found in all settings involving licensed practice of psychology as a health care profession.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Christian Counseling and Psychology - Narramore Christian Foundation (311 words)
Psychology for Living is the website of the Narramore Christian Foundation, a Christian mental health organization dedicated to preventing and solving human problems, anxiety, depression, relational conflicts, and psychological disorders through psychological counseling.
Her church counselor was already aware of Christy because the church's worship leader had threatened to resign several times over her emotional outbursts from being turned down for a lead in the latest dramatic presentation or a special music solo.
Psychology for Living provides helpful information on Christian counseling, Christian psychology, dealing with issues such as anxiety, depression, codependency and many other psychological disorders that can be found on the Narramore Christian Foundation website.
Counseling psychology Encyclopedia of Psychology - Find Articles (746 words)
Clients of counseling psychologists are people who need help coping with the stresses of everyday life, and the focus is on strengthening their existing resources rather than overcoming disorders or deficits in particular areas.
Counseling psychology has its roots in education and vocational guidance and has been closely linked with the use of mental testing, which is central to these fields.
Counseling psychology, paralleling a growing trend among health care providers, also advocates preventive as well remedial approaches to problems, seeking to identify "at risk" individuals and groups and intervene before a crisis occurs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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