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Encyclopedia > Councillor

A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and other parts of the Commonwealth. The US equivalent is councilman or councilwoman. A council is a group of people who usually possess some powers of governance. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as The Commonwealth, is an association of independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former territories of the British Empire. ...

Contents


United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, all local authorities are overseen by elected councillors. Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ...


These include:

  1. unitary authorities
  2. county councils,
  3. district, borough or city councils,
  4. civil parish, town or community councils.

Councillors are typically elected as members of political parties. Once elected they are meant to represent all their constituents and not just those who voted for them. They are bound by a code of conduct enforced by standards boards. A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single-tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... The Districts of England are the lowest level of local government in England, except for civil parishes. ... A borough is a local government administrative subdivision used in the Canadian province of Quebec, in some states of the United States, and formerly in New Zealand. ... Sydney, Australia at Night. ... In England a civil parish (usually just parish) is the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... In the United Kingdom, town councils are civil parish councils, where the civil parish is a town. ... Community councils (CCs) are the most local official representative bodies in Scotland and Wales. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ...


Decision making structures

The Local Government Act 2000 established new political management structures for councils. All councils with populations above 85 000 now take one of three forms; elected mayor with executive powers, leader and cabinet with executive powers, directly elected mayor with an appointed council manager.


Councillors skills

More specialised decision making structures mean councillors are expected to perform a range of different roles, such as; licencing and regulatory decision making, policy overview & scrutiny, exexcutive decision making, political leadership, determining planning applications and community representation.


The desire for clearer roles and raised standards has been acompanied by an increase in councillor training and development by organisations such as the Improvement and Development Agency, The Local Government Information Unit LGIU and the Local Government Association. Helping people and communities on their way to success is what the best local authorities do continually. ... Local Government Information Unit The LGIU is an independent policy and research think-tank. ... The Local Government Assocation is a body for advancing the interests of local authorities in the England and Wales. ...


Remuneration

Most councillors are not full time professionals, although most councils do pay them a basic allowance and out of pocket expenses. In addition special responsibility allowances are paid to the small minority of councillors who carry out more senior roles. The basic allowance (and special responsibility allowance) are theoretically paid to compensate councillors for taking time off from their full time job to carry out council duties. Parish, town or community councillors are volunteers who are not normally paid for their services.


Regional government

The London Assembly is not regarded as a local authority but a regional devolved assembly and its members are refered to as Assembly Members. The National Assembly for Wales, Northern Ireland Assembly and Scottish Parliament are regarded as national authorities with their authority being devolved from the Parliament of the United Kingdom. All such members are remunerated on a full-time basis. The London Assembly is an elected body that supervises the Greater London Authority and the Mayor of London. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Devolution. ... Assembly may refer to the following things: In politics, any body meeting together to discuss matters, a parliament or a legislative assembly such as the French revolutionary Legislative Assembly, or a body more designed to mediate between otherwise independent bodies, such as the United Nations General Assembly. ... The National Assembly for Wales (or NAW) (Welsh: Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) was established in 1998, following a 1997 referendum in which a small majority of voters (but not the electorate) voted in favour of the Labour Governments plans for devolution. ... The logo of the Northern Ireland Assembly is a six flowered linen or flax plant, chosen for the plants historical economic importance to the region. ... For the national legislative body adjourned in 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... One of the most influential doctrines in history is that all humans are divided into groups called nations. ... It has been suggested that Devolved government be merged into this article or section. ... The Houses of Parliament, seen over Westminster Bridge The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ...


See also

This article concerns the British Sovereigns Privy Council. ... Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ... The United Kingdom is made up of four parts - England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. ...

External links

  • Local Government Association
  • Improvement and Development Agency

  Results from FactBites:
 
Councillor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (389 words)
A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and other parts of the Commonwealth.
In the United Kingdom, all local authorities are overseen by elected councillors.
Councillors are typically elected as members of political parties.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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