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Encyclopedia > Cotopaxi
Cotopaxi

Cotopaxi as seen from Illiniza Norte
Elevation: 5,897 m (19,347 ft)
Location: Ecuador
Range: Andes
Coordinates: 0°40′S, 78°26′W
Type: Stratovolcano
Age of rock:
Last eruption: 1904
First ascent: 1872-11-28 by Wilhelm Reiss and Ángel Escobar
Easiest route: ice climb

Cotopaxi is a volcano located about 50 km south of Quito, Ecuador. At 5,897 meters it is the second highest in the country—the highest being the Chimborazo. Cotopaxi is technically referred to as a stratovolcano. It has a height of more than 3,000 metres when measured from its base, which has a width about 23 km. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 162 KB) Summary This photo was taken by myself whilst climbing in Ecuador. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... The most general definition of a mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands. ... The Andes between Chile and Argentina Computer generated image of the Andes, made from a digital elevation model with a resolution of 30 arcseconds The Andes is a vast mountain range forming a continuous chain of highland along the western coast of South America. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... // The geologic time scale is used by geologists and other scientists to describe the timing and relationships between events that have occurred during the history of the Earth. ... A volcano is a geological landform usually generated by the eruption through a planets surface of magma, molten rock welling up from the planets interior. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... A volcano is a geological landform usually generated by the eruption through a planets surface of magma, molten rock welling up from the planets interior. ... Map of Ecuador showing location of Quito. ... Mount Chimborazo is an extinct volcano located in the Andes mountains of central Ecuador, 150 kilometres south-southwest of the capital Quito. ... A stratovolcano is a tall, conical mountain (volcano) composed of both hardened lava and volcanic ash. ...


Occasional claims that Cotopaxi is the highest active volcano in the world are known to be incorrect. Llullaillaco volcano is considerably higher and is definitely in an active phase, having erupted as recently as 1877. Ojos del Salado is higher still, and there are indications near its summit of recent activity, although its remoteness precludes a definitive statement as to whether it is currently active. Llullaillaco, pronounced yOOyīyäkō, is a stratovolcano at the border of Argentina (province of Salta) and Chile. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Ojos del Salado is an extinct volcano in the Andes on the border of Argentina-Chile and also the highest volcano on Earth. ...


There have been more than 50 eruptions of Cotopaxi since 1738. Numerous valleys formed by powerful lahars (mudflows) surround the volcano. This poses a high risk to the local population, their settlements and fields. The city Latacunga has been completely destroyed at least twice in its history. Cotopaxi's most violent eruptions in historical times occurred in the years 1744, 1768, and 1877. In the 1877 eruption pyroclastic flows descended all sides of the mountain, with lahars traveling more than 100 km into the Pacific Ocean and western Amazon basin. There was a major eruption in 1903 through 1904, and some minor activity in 1942. This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Events February 4 - Court Jew Joseph Suss Oppenheimer is executed in Württenberg April 15 - Premiere in London of Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel. ... A lahar is a mixture of rock, mud, water and usually debris that flows down from a volcano (or occasionally other mountains), typically along a river valley. ... Latacunga (in local parlance Tacunga) is a plateau town of Ecuador, capital of the Cotopaxi Province, 46 m. ... // Events The third French and Indian War, known as King Georges War, breaks out at Port Royal, Nova Scotia The First Saudi State founded by Mohammed Ibn Saud Prague occupied by Prussian armies Ongoing events War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) Births January 10 - Thomas Mifflin, fifth President... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Pyroclastic flows sweep down the flanks of Mayon Volcano, Philippines, in 1984 Pyroclastic flows are a common and devastating result of some volcanic eruptions. ... A river in the Amazon rainforest The Amazon Rainforest is a term widely used to describe the moist broadleaf forests of the Amazon Basin. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ...


The volcano is the subject of 1855 and 1862 paintings by Frederic Edwin Church. Frederic Edwin Church (May 4, 1826 - April 7, 1900) was an American landscape painter born in Hartford, Connecticut. ...


Cotopaxi is also a province of Ecuador. Cotopaxi is one of the provinces of Ecuador. ...

Cotopaxi as seen from the Corazón
Cotopaxi as seen from the Corazón

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x664, 134 KB) cotopaxi and ruminahui as seen from top of volcano corazon, by User:Gerd Breitenbach 2003, source File links The following pages link to this file: Cotopaxi ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x664, 134 KB) cotopaxi and ruminahui as seen from top of volcano corazon, by User:Gerd Breitenbach 2003, source File links The following pages link to this file: Cotopaxi ... Corazón (span. ...

See also

  1. SS Cotopaxi an article about the steamship named after the volcano.

The S.S. Cotopaxi was a tramp steamer named after the Cotopaxi stratovolcano and lost under mysterious circumstances in December 1925 while en route from Charleston, South Carolina to Havana, Cuba. ...

External links and references

  • http://www.igepn.edu.ec/vulcanologia/cotopaxi/cotopaxi.htm
  • Smithsonian, Global Volcanism Program, Cotopaxi
  • NASA Earth Explorer page
  • Cotopaxi, Tour 2003
  • Cotopaxi, Nov 2004
  • Cotopaxi: Etymology
  • Photographs of the Andes

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cotopaxi, Ecuador (172 words)
Cotopaxi (0.7S 78.4W) is a stratovolcano with a summit elevation of 19,388 feet (5,911 m).
In the event of an awakening of one of these volcanoes, GPS receivers would be set up at these points again to determine whether or not measurable deformation had occurred and to monitor for precursory deformation that might herald an eruption.
Cotopaxi as viewed from near the summit of Iliniza Norte.
Cotopaxi, Ecuador (172 words)
Cotopaxi (0.7S 78.4W) is a stratovolcano with a summit elevation of 19,388 feet (5,911 m).
In the event of an awakening of one of these volcanoes, GPS receivers would be set up at these points again to determine whether or not measurable deformation had occurred and to monitor for precursory deformation that might herald an eruption.
Cotopaxi as viewed from near the summit of Iliniza Norte.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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